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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - May 18, 1944, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME r T ti I DE CCV 1 T r o TC3Y A K D ARCH1VCS i I A THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL L Associated Press and United Press Full Leased Wires Five Cents a Copy MASON CITY ICWA THURSDAY MAY 18 1914 This Paper Consists of Two One NO Airdrome at Myitkyina HEAVYATTACKS Taken by Allied OIL BEGIN WMIUWIUI NIPPON BASE IN NORTH BURMA Speedy Secret Dash Through Rough Terrain Takes Japs by Surprise Chungking UR Brig Gen Frank Merrills ChineseAmerican forces captured the southern air drome at Myitkyina main Japa nese stronghold in northern Bur ma and were reported pouring mortar fire into the city itself Thursday Culminating a 21day drive through the rugged Kumon hills bordering the Mogaung valley 3 columns of combined troops caught the Japanese by surprise Wednesday a communique said and quickly overwhelmed slight enemy resistance to seize the air drome Except for oil drums and logs scattered over the field the air drome was intact and a few hours after its capture American engineers were flown in by glid ers By afternoon the communi que said Chinese reinforcements were arriving in transport planes Reports that Merrills troops were firing mortar shells into My itkyina the largest city in north ern Burma indicated that the al lied troops may be preparing foi an assault on the enemys key base at the northern end of the railway from Mandalay The city has been held by the Japanese lor the past 2 years and is one of the main supply routes to their forces scattered through the jungles and mountains of the Chinese to the Indian borders Merrills troops popularly known as Merrills Marauders accomplished their march thiongh nherangbr tortnous terraininvir tual secrecy Allied communiques hid not mentioned their activities the past weeks their last po sition being reported about 25 miles north of Myitkyina and enemy reports likewise failed to mention their movements While Merrills ChineseAmeri can forces were consolidating their positions before the city 3 other allied columns continued their drives from the north Two Chinese groups were strik ing down the Mogaung valley with one of them within 9 miles of Kamaing 40 miles west of Myitkyina and Britishled Kachin levies were advancing down highway to the east at Tiangzup 40 miles directly north of Myit kyina The Japanese also were being thrown back all along the 100 mile front at the Salween river where the Chinese captured sev eral new positions to place their front lines to within 75 miles east of Myitkyina Lt Gen Joseph W Stilwells headquarters announced that Chi nese troops strongly supported by American fighterbombers hac occupied the village of Tatangtzi to push the central prong of drive toward Burma 4 miles pas the Salween The northern anchor of th eastern front at Chiaototi on th Belgrade Nis Railway Yards Lashed by Air Armada in Balkan Raids Allied Headquarters Naples huge fleet of Italianbased American warplanes possibly 500 strong struck deep into the Balkans Thursday in a smashing riple blow at the Plocsli oil fields n Rumania and the Belgrade and Vis railway yards in Yugoslavia Almost 750 Flying Fortresses iml Liberators one of the great est raiding fleets ever dispatched rom Italy spearheaded the at acking force accompanied by lightning Mustang and Thunder bolt fighters probably in equal strength Some enemy fighter opposition ivas encountered but there was no immediate word on the strength of the German aerial re sistance The main weight ot the Ameri can attack apparently fell upon the Ploesti oil fields Returnin crewmen said heavy cloud for mations prevented full observa tion of the bombing results Other wings of the raiding fleet smashed at Belgrade through an equallyheavy overcast and at the Nis yards 120 miles south of the old Yugoslav capital Good re sults were obtained in the Nis at tack preliminary reports indi cated CASSINO SEIZED BY ALLIED FORCE ATTACK the incessant bombing ot nazi Europe U S B2G Mauraucler bombers cross the French coastline to strike at another nazi installation in France ast bank of the Shweli river was he most advanced point of the Chinese drive aimed at effecting 1 junction with allied Burmese orces to open the Burma supply oad Although no details of the fight ng at Tatarigtzu were given the garrison ap arently was overwhelmed quick y by the Chinese troops which were reported Wednesday to have 3roken into a section of Ihe village Stilwells communique said the Chinese advance was supported y fighterbombers and P40 Warhawks of the 14th army ail force which hammered the en ire Mfengta area continuously in daylight assaults Other units of Stilwells air arm also ranged over the entire front triking supply routes behind the enemy lines far west of the Sal ween river Mitchell medium bombers with 2 direct hits destroyed a highway bridge at Lashio a key junction of the Burma road 130 miles northeast of Mandalay while fighterbombers wiped out a 40 foot section from the center of the Tingka bridge near Mangshih 12 miles southwest of Lungling The aerial operations were car ried out without loss the com munique said TRAFFIC TOLL 28 Des Moines L Wood cock chief of the state safety ed ucation division reported Wed nesday that Iowa motor vehicle accident deaths in April totalec 28 In the same month last yea there were 12 traffic fatalities Japs suffer heavy casual ties as Allies form juncti Chinese open drive on 130mile front CHINESE GAIN ON SALWEEN Pincers Is Aimed at Japs on Burma Road MEN RETURN TO JOBS IN DETROIT ScatteredStrikes in Nation Are Reported By UNITED TRESS More than 74COO Detroit wai vorkers began to return to work Thursday after the Foremens of America ended its itrike in automotive plants but i transit tieup was threatened a Cleveland and scattered strikes across the nation idled thousands of workers The 6 striking chapters of the FAA voted to end the strike Wed nesday night after the army ai forces appealed for a resumptioi of production Resumption sched ules were drawn up by the largi plants and full production wa expected by Monday At Cleveland 4000 transit em ployes members ot the AF1 streetcar and motor coach em ployes union voted to walk ou at midnight Saturday in an at tempt to enforce their demand for wage increases Three thousand employes of th Mack Manufacturing Corp a Allentown Pa remained o strike after voting against a pro posal to return to work A wa labor board hearing was scried ulcd for Friday to hear the em ployes grievances At Cressona Pa 2500 n r ployes of the Aluminum Corporai Wife Slllt rnr of America went into the 1 UC UUI1os 1UI By RICHARD C BERGHOLZ Associated Press War Editor Chinese troops streaming west ot the Salween river Thursday swept through seVcral new posi tions in an apparent pincers on a Japaneseheld segment of the Burma road Chi nese guerrillas captured Sypinau Pass The picture was still grim for Chinese defenders of Loyang for mer Chinese capital in northern tfonan province Furious infantry attacks both inside and outside the city are being met but Japa nese forces are spinning a gigantic trap around Loyang Southeast of the city Chinese troops report edly recaptured a 50mile stretch of the PcipinyHankow railroad Another trap this lime with the Japanese the victims is being sprung in the southwest Pacific General MacArthurs headquar ters said Americans spreading ou from the new HollandiaAilape bases have contacted strong enemy patrols 34 miles southeas of Aitape This narrowed to 20 miles the gap between the Yank and Australian veterans strikin northwestward from Madang May Land at Any Moment Rommel Says London UR Germanys anti nvasion command was summoned to an emergency meeting at su preme headquarters in France Wednesday the London Daily Mail said Thursday and Marshal Erwin Rommel warned that an i aJlied landing may begin at any moment now1 German torpedo boats operated strong force off the English I iiith coast and Thames Wednesday night the nazi DNB reported presumably on the alert Tor signs that an allied invasion armada was forming up or had sailed British destroyers and torpedo j boats were contacted though none apparently was sunk but no other allied shipping was seen DNB said The agency added that the German torpedo boat forma tions returned to their bases with out damage or loss A Madrid dispatch to the Lon i don Daily Mail said that Marshal i Gerd von Rundstcdt Germanys uprcme commander of antiinva ion forces Hommel and Gen ohannes Blaskowitz army group o m m a n d e r s and Admiral rancke commander o nazi sea orces in the west were sum noned hurriedly to headquarters n France for an council of war The meeting originally had been scheduled for next week he dispatch said Rommel was aid to have been called from the Normandy coast opposite south ern England The Germans appear to be lieve these are the Very lastdays before the great landings occur the Daily Mnil said The Berlin radio in abroadcast recorded by the London news Chronicle said Rommel had warned that the invasion may be gin momentarily German forces on the north coasts of Europe arc ready for the descent of massed allied para chutists and for a sea invasion the Berlin announcer added A Stockholm dispatcli to NewsChronicle said the Ger mans foreseeing an allied attempt to seise Denmark had created a special anti invasion command area in northern Germany Con siderable numbers of extra troops and supplies for infantry and air craft were said to have been sent to Stettin Danzig Konigsberg and other areas along the Baltic coast as well as inland The German military critic ALLIED THRUSTS IN locate principal allied drives against the Germans in Italy Greatest prog ress has been made by French forces Reds Expand PHOTOS MADE OF Bridgehead Over Dnestr Allied planes again blasted the Japanese on Wakde island north west of Hollandia and hit the Schouten islands for the 13th con secutive day Central Pacific planes raided isolated Japanese bases in the Marshall islands I Orson Welles First von Wulfcmitz told the Stockholm newspaper Svenska Dagbladet that the allies have sufficient shipping to land anywhere while nazi commentator Jean Paquis broadcast over the Paris radio that the allies have concen trated a whole armada of transports merchantmen fishing boats invasion barges torpedo boats and destroyers in the har bors of southern Ensland espe cially in the Bristol area tion 3rd day of their strike while parachute cloth workers in 3 other Pennsylvania towns re mained idle AFL and CIO machinists at San Francisco continued to defy WLB orders on overtime and wage scales but complied with an earlier board backtowork order Other strikes included those of 1 400 Toledo Ohio municipal mainj worth ihe redhaired Latin was By HAItltlSON SALISBURY Moscow army troops taking advantage of heavy Ger man losses on the lower Dnestr river in Bessarabia pierced the enemy line at several points Wednesday to expand the month old Russian bridgehead on the eastbank nnijthwestrofTiraspol it was announced Thursdaj A soviet communique also dis closed that ground forces made small gains in strikes from their lines southeast of Stanislawow in southeastern Poland and Russian Ions ransc bombers carried heir aerial offensive on German com munication lines into the 6th suc cessive night Approximately 400 Germans were killed when soviet gtiards tlic men attacked the enemy line around the bridgehead where the the Russians oc cupied several favorable posi tions The German losses raised the number of enemy dead to G 800 in that area since last Thurs day Soviet units on the southeastern Polish front captured a scries of enemy trenches and repelled 2 German attempts to regain the positions The enemy losses in the scries of actions were esti mated at 500 dead and 150 cap tured together with considerable war material including field pieces trenchmortars machine guns and trucks Altogether the Germans have lost on that front since April 18 more than 18000 killed of cap lured The new aerial attacks behind the enemy lines were carried out Tuesday night il a cost of 3 Kus Strong Points Barbed Wire Minefields Shown London bit by bit during the steady allied aerial hammering of the invasion coast the Germanwest wall ha been found to be a series of strong points embedded in concrete in a mazeotmineficlds and barbec wire The rcconnaisancc photographs showing the enemy fortifica tions guiibyKUii and milcby milc now have been assembled Into a giant map against the orthcomiiiK day of invasion The map which provides Gen Dwight D Eisenhower and his command details on the potential battlefields shows clcfenc in stallations in camouflaged con crete clusters in staggered lines jack from the mined European coast The defense LKisicrs all hide big guns From some protrude long barrels of huge sunken bat teries From others rocket guns are set lo fire toward the channel Relying heavily upon camou flage the Germans have placed virtually all the defense system underground and have used can vas extensively in an attempt to keep completed installations away from the prying eyes of allied airmen Bui the photographic eyes of allied air forces have kept track of the digging step by step While bomliers and other al lied aircraft drummed hesc in stallations as hish priority targets hi weeks of night and day at tack s other reconnaissance jilancs each equipped with 3 to FORMIA ALSO IS CAPTUREDWITH NEWEST GAINS Nazis Admit Loss of Stronghold as Means to Save Manpower By NOLAND NOItGAARD Allied Headquarters Naples British tith army has captured the fortress ruins oi Cassino and the battered Bene dictine monastery and American troops 25 miles to the southwest have seized the coastal hinge city of Formia the allied command announced Thursday The Gustav line now has ceased to exist the announce ment declared The double victory toppled strongpoints at both ends of the fiercelyfought nazi line in Italy British troops slammed into h i c h had withstood icge since Poles seized monastery hill A sub tautial portion of the elite Gcr nan 1st parachute jrecn out in he 2 slrunsholtls a special an louuccmcnt declared Both Cassino and the dominat ing height of monastery hill were captured Thursday morning Other important objectives have been seized by American troops pushing westward on the 5th army font headquarters said but these were not identified im mediately The German defenders of Cas sino c r e encircled by tactics which avoided heavy casualties that would have resulted from frontal assaults such as were beaten back 2 months ago A special allied announcement declared the enemy has been completely outmancuvered by the allied armies in Italy following the original breach of the Gustnv line by the 5th army on May 14 and the subsequent rapid advance of French and American troops through the mountains Troops of the 8th army have fought their way forward in the Liri valley and during the last 21 hours developed a decisive pinccr movement which cut high way 6 from Cassino to Rome anil so prevented the withdrawal of the enemy Earlier headquarters disclosed Polish troops had seized hill 593 northern hinge of both the Guslav and Hitler lines American troops struck wilhin 2 miles of way road junction commanding the only retreat route Cor Ihe nazis in the Formia and important Gacta areas Itri is 4 miles northwest of Kormia French forces in the center won ICsperia outpost of Ihe Hitler line and French artillery from heights began shelling the road branching Increase m Support Hollywood Welles producer actor comedian magi cian and parttime man from Mars who just announced the im pending birth of his 2nd child Thursday was sued for support of his first 64 Lb Buffalo Fish Seined in Spirit Lake Spirit Lake buffalo fish weighing 64 pounds was seined from Spirit Lake by a state sein ing crew The fish was 48 inches long and was the heaviest of that Welles now wed to Rila Hay species taken in recent years lenance workers over wage in creases 250 machinists at the Hummer Manufacturing Co Springfield III a Montgomery Ward and Co subsidiary 50 members of the AFL tugmens union at Cleveland 50 electrical workers in Nebraska and 700 coal miners near Trinidad Colo Bates 71 Former Banking Head Is Dead bombers in the 21s major sian air attack in 29 nights i Tiic planes of the photogniphk The raids were centered on the units carry no to the White Russian capital of Minsk regret of virtually all the pilots where the soviet planes started 7 for they often must swoop close fires which merged into 1 huge to Ihe enemy As one said conflagration The other targets both rail way junctions were Chelm in eastern Poland and Baranowicz cameras caouhlc of shooting 180 pictures apictc liavc been uticov inland from Itri to Hitler line dc 177 miles northeast of Chclm and 8 miles southwest ot Minsk sued by Mis Virginia Nicholson Welles Lcderer She says he failed to keep an agreement for the care of their 6ycarolri daughter Christopher She asked that the SUM he has been contributing to Christophers support every month be increased to S350 and that he abide by understanding to make Mrs Led cicr and Christopher beneficiaries I FORECAST of his S71000 life insurance policy Mason City Partly cloudv with and make S100000 bequest to the occasional scattered thundor STATE CONVENTION HELD Waterloo stale con vention of Iowa Association of Small Loan companies was held here Thursday with H M Foth Ottumwa presiding Weather Report d Buy War Savings Bonds and cring the secrets of the west wall tenses in the Liri valley Itii is only tjr airline miles from Rome and some 35 miles from the Anzio beachhead Details of the capture of For mia by Yankee troops were not disclosed immediately Huge quantities of booty were falling to the advancing allied troops and the 5th army at points had pushed as deep as 15 miles even 2 days ago The bag offensive rose Id like to do some shooting We all would But we realize the importance of setting pictures Stamps from carrier hoy your GlobeGazette PELIA HOLDS FESTIVAL Pella to one day arid without the thousands tors who usually come event the annual tulip festival was staged here Thursday s of visi of Prisoners in this for the i Ior a total of 20000 in lhr Italian campaign The Germans acknowledged if child in his will Iowa City W Bates BuiTIS ArC Fatal tO 71 of Albia died Wednesday CHINESE OPEN NEW Chinese have launched an offensive across the Salween river in western Yunnan province in an effort to join with the allied forces driving southward in northern Burma At the same time Chinese laborers already are restoring the Burma road behind the Salween front Far to the north Chinese forces i fighting in Honan province annihilated Jap units inthe city of Loyang Inside Burma the forces of Lt Gen Joseph Stilwell smashed down the Mogaung valley I at University hospital State super intendent of banking from 1933 to June 1941 Bates had been ill since last December He is sur vived by his widow Vcrna of Albia and a son Robert in the army Gets Telegram Telling of No Wire Service Omaha Omaha editor who a country correspond ent asking for a story on the death of a prominent man got the following telegraphed reply Details on death in mail No telegraph service here now Marshalltown Boy 11 Marshalltown P Kenneth Miltenberger 11 son of Mr and Mrs Lalon Miltenberger died in a Marshalltown hospital Thurs day morning of burnssuffered Wednesday night when gasoline with which his father was cleans ing a washing machine in the basement of his home ignited The father also severely burned was reported by hospital attend ants Thursday to be in fair conI dition j Buy Vixr Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy showers Thursday and Friday j not quite so warm i Iowa Partly cloudy to cloudy Thursday night and Friday Sat urday showers extreme north portion cooler Thursday night Minnesota Showers and occasional thunderstorms south and oc casional rain north portion on Thursday night and Friday No decided change in temperature Strong winds IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Wednesday 85 Minimum Wednesday night 50 At 8 a m Thursday 50 Rain 14 inch YEAR AGO Maximum Sfi Minimum 47 Precipitation 09 This diagram indicates the tough going faced by allied troops at Cassino before the victory Thursday in which the Gcr mans announced the evacuation of the highly fortified center German emplacc ments in mountains dominated the sector
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