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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - May 8, 1944, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME f j ij a DEPARTMENT OF AHIVCS One Mans Opinion A Radio Commentary W EARL HALL Managing Editor BROADCAST SCHEDULE KGlO Mxm Cily Sunday 4 p p m NOI Ainei Friday p m KSCJ Siouj Cily Friday p m Colossus of South America 1UUCH OF THE time since achieving her independence in 181G Argentina has looked at the United States with envious eye While disdainfully referring to our country as The Colossus of the North she has entertained an ill concealed ambition to be The Colossus of the South And in deed she has pretty much been that Although greatly surpassed in area population and potential re sources by her neighbor to the north Brazil Argentina for a number of understandable reasons has been able to make herself and keep herself cock of the walk in Latin America Right now how ever the situation is in process of change And thats what I should like to talk about in this commen tary TO START OFF lets consider 1 some of the factors which have enabled Argentine to rule the South American roost despite her inferiority in area population and total resources Her land area 1 153000 square miles is only slightly more than a third of Bra zils 3285318 Argentinas size may be best visualized by remem bering that it has about the same area as United States east of the Mississippi river Climatically Argentina is close ly comparable with the United States ranging from temperature in the center and south and semi tropical in the north The further south you go of course the colder it gets below the equator The all year climate at Buenos Aires ap proximates that of Portland Ore Its a bit milder not quite as mild as in southern Cali fornia In an agricultural way nature was extremely kind of Argentina she has a very considerable percentage of waste land she pos sesses areas unsurpassed anywhere in even in for the production of grains and meats Because of this and be cause of certain fundamental shortcomings so far as industrial development is cocnerned Argen tinas whole economy has been built on agriculture She has been a vastly important supplier of foodstuffs for the world market Europe has needed Argentinas raw materials in the form of meats and grains America has not Thats why Argentina has always revolved in the European economic orbit In the sketchiest kind of cut line thats the story of Argentina Perhaps a bit more of it will told as I proceed to develop some contrasts and comparisons be tween Argentina and Brazil in commenting on and explaining the significant change in the battin MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS MASOX CITY IOWA MONDAY MAY 8 19H Rome through the Pescara New Fortifications Along on Italian Riviera Smashed by Commandos Tension Mounts By J EDWARD MURRAY London commandos destroyed coastal fortifications along the Italian Riviera weekend i sion tens Britain and axis Europe raids Italian fascist press dispatches said Mondav ision mounted in I newlyconstructed a series of daring as inva The British Broadcasting cor iration meantime again urged porat the French people to listen close ly to their radios for instructions on what to do when the allies invade western Europe but to hide their acts immediately aftei they hear essential news day every Fascist newspapers reaching Switzerland acknowledged that some allied commandos striking from Corsica and Sardinia had succeeded sn reembarking after destroying coastal defenses only recently completed by the Italian branch of Germanys Todt Con struction agency Other commandos were quick ly annihilated however the newspapers said The Florence newspaper Nazi one reported that while other commando raids had been car ried out against the Italian coast m recent months never before have the attacks reached such a high number Everything leads to the belief thdt if the allies attempt a huge landing in western France it will be accompanied by numerous commando raids along the Ital ian riviera and in southern order now taking Panama place south of EVIDENCE is abundant and pro nounced that Brazil long the slumbering giant of the western hemisphere is in the process of waking up and throwing off the shackles which for 3 centuries have bound her to second place in the South American lineup of nations s territorial enormity i suggested when I tell you thai 300 Bclgiums could be set down within her boundaries Six slates the size of Iowa would have lo be added lo the United Slates lo Ij make her area equal to Brazil Portuguese is the language of Brazil French is the second lan I guage English the third Spanish I which is the first language of all i other South American republics ranks fourth in Brazil The rather common assumption that Portu guese and Spanish are almost the same thing is badly based They are so different that no American of ordinary intelligence should try to speak both Its either one or the other not both for most of us Geographically and climatically Brazil is about 90 per cent tropi cal the remainder semitropical Tcmpcralure in a considerable j i part of the country averages about j 90 degrees the year around As j could be guessed this has proved enervating for the people of Bra zil Its one reason I think why Brazilians as people have not been more progressive and indus i trious up to now J 1UUCH OF BRAZIL is dense I jungle land Generally speak I ing jungle land is not rich land i Its good for one purpose Its good for jungle land Different Jfrom Argentinas rich alluvial soil i jungle land will not when con j verted stand up under intensive cultivation over a long period of years It can however be used and used effectively for tree crops such as coffee chocolate and the Citrus fruits In Sao Paulo cenlcr of the worlds coffee growing industry the soil is of a red tint reminis cent of the soil of Georgia As a Turn to rage 2 France Nazione said newspaper also reported German Marshal Erwin Rom mel Germanys ant iinvasion commander had arrived in Italy for conferences with marshal Al bert Kesselring commander in Italy after inspecting defenses alons the southern coast of France The U S office of war infor mation at Washington reported that gcstapo agents dressed as al lied pilots sometimes were dropped by parachute on occupied territory Patriots who attempted to help them were arrested the report said Other developments contribu ting to the growing tension in Britain and axis Europe with the obvious approach of the zero hour for invasion included 1 Disclosure that American and British forces rehearsing for the invasion just have completed the greatest airborne landings in history 2 An article in the semioffi cial Russian publicalion War and the working class warning that the time has now run out and all preparations for coordi nated blows from the east and west have been completed 3 German propaganda threats of a counterinvasion of Britain to disorganize the allied offensive The practice landing exercises uy glider and troop carrier forces were conducted with such secrecy that even accredited newspaper men were not permitted to wit ness them It was learned how ever that American glider forces landed by day and British by night similar to the bombing schedule now being carried out oy Ihc air forces of the 2 coun tries Air Chief Marshal Trafford L LcighMallory invasion air com mander told participating crews that one of the great moments of history is m front of us It will be the greatest military project ever undertaken he said Recent operations in Burma and ones that you will soon carry out yourselves show that air borne forces are one of the moil powerful weapons in modern warfare and they will become in creasingly important with tacn cst confidence that you will put on a great show German threats of a counter invasion of Britain were high lighted by the arrival of nazi paratroops units on the Cher bourg peninsula of France oppo site the English soulh coast and a boast by Propaganda Minister Paul Joseph Goebbels that the reich possesses important glider formations for a countcrmove Sectional Tilts Will Be Played Here Monday The semifinal round of the sectional baseball tournament will be played Monday afternoon but there have been some time changes made in order to allow the field to round into the best possible shape Manly will face Garner at while Mason Citys Mohawks will swing inlo action against Joice at 6 oclock The winners will meet Tuesday at 4 oclock for the sectional title The original starting times for the contests were 3 and oclock but an early rain Monday forced the time changes Union Agent Killed in Des Moines Accident Des Monies Raymond Saffell 38 business agent for the International Association of Ma chinists was killed late Saturday night when lided with a car his automobile col Dcs Moines street VICE ADMIRAL DIES Washington Admiral William L Rodgcrs 84 comman der of the American navys Adri atic fleet during World war I died Sunday night He retired from service in 1924 BEAT HITLER FIRST INDORSED Premiers of British Empire Continue Parley London premiers of the British empire plunged into the 2nd half of their conference program Monday after giving ap proval to allied global strategy in a full week of discussion ranging from impending invasion opera tions to plans for Pacific victories when Germany is defeated Complete agreement on military problems was disclosed by Prime Minister John Cur tin of Australia Sunday in a broadcast address in which he said the conference had fully indorsed a beat Hitler first policy geared to plans for main taining steady pressure in the Pacific The to exchange ideas rather than make decisions to have given the B nti sh government r in sight already into how the vas empire feels about the war Wad ing through war plans and foreign policy in evident harmony the leaders obviously have accom plished much toward Prime Min ister Churchills stated aim of putting the British empire in ils collective aspect solidlv on the map The same agreement however may not be found in the coming weeks talks on international problems in the economic and transportation fields In this phase the bold voice of Canada is ex pected to be raised bv Prime Min ister W L MacKenzie King a zealous guard of the oldest do minions empire ties who also is desirous of maintaining the high est degree of economic coopera tion with the United States Canada and Australia are be lieved to hold different opinions on trade Canada being anxious to see a general postwar lowering of tariffs in a world trade agree ment Australia on the other hand to Australia while subscribing in general to the free trade principles embodied in the Atlantic Charter Churchill reccnllv dis new operation I fully realize what a diffi cult task lies ahead of you and that it requires a very high state of training to land in the right spot and to do the most to harass the enemy but I have the grcat Weather Report FORECAST Mason cloudy and colder Monday night with scat tered patches of frost Lowest temperature in Mason Citv 32 Tuesday fair wanner in after noon Iowa Partly cloudy lo cloudv with light rain cost and central portions and cooler extreme west portion Monday night Tuesday partly cloudy and warmer Minncsola Partly cloudy except cloudy with occasional light rain extreme southeast portion Mon day night Tuesday partly cloudy Cooler Monday night with scattered light frost north and west central portions Warmer Tuesday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Sunday 60 Minimum Sunday night 43 At 8 a m Monday 45 Rain 28 inch YEAR AGO Maximum 43 Minimum 32 The figures for Sunday Maximum Saturday 4D Minimum Saturday night 32 At 3 a m Sunday 40 YEAR AGO Maximum 55 Minimum 33 closed were indorsed without to empire Us The conference is likely to dis cuss postwar shipping which has been causing some British con cern as well as civil aviation and international current agreements Imphal and Kohima Areas Ablaze Again By KICHAKD C BERGHOLZ Associated Press War Editor Japanese land armies stepped up the pace of their offensives in India and China but in the Dutch East Indies an 8ship Nipponese convoy was unable to dodge allied aerial might Mondays communique from Adm Lord Louis Mountbalten said the Japanese with only a few days remaining before the drench ing monsoons set in have opened up a strong offensive in the Im phalKohima sector of northeast ern India The communique did not name objectives of the offensive ami commented only that the enemy is suffering heavy losses Imphal capital of Manipur state on the Burma border and Kohima JO miles north have been stumbling blocks in Japans Indian invasion and have resisted capture for many veeks despite strong prcs Tliis Paper Cumisti nt Two One NO 183 Mighty Air Armada Lashes Berlin 2nd Consecutive Day SOVIET PLANES LASH AT NAZIS IN SEVASTOPOL Axis Broadcasts Claim Heavy Russian Forces Are Assaulting Port London bombers and fighters lashed at Sevastopol in intense weekend assaults Mos unnciunced Monday Allied patrols have cleaned out Arakan front of coastal northern Burma where allied troops with drew from Buthedaung to pre pared positions village overlooking the a gateway for a thrust into the The fall of the historic city of Loyang in Chinas northern Hon an province appears imminent Japanese columns have advanced within 6 miles of the Chinese base Loyang sits astrirte the Lungliai railroad and is possible enemy heart of China Only 14 miles of the 150 mile segment of the trackless Peiping Hankow railroad remains in Chi nese hands Chungking conceded and steady enemy pressure may force he Chinese to retreat to the south and west But iii the southwest Pacific the allies held control Nightfly ing patrol bombers caught a de stroyer shepherding 7 freighters east Celebes in the Dutch East Indies Friday night and gave the ships a heavy plastering Other allied planes struck at Boeroe and Timor in the East In dies the Schouten Islands off Dutch New Guinea the Kai is lands the tip Dutch New Guinea and several bypassed enemy bases in British New Guinea and in New Britain Aleutian based planes pounded Paramushiro and Shumusliu in the northern Kurile islands Friday night and central Pacific planes hit Ponape in the eastern Caro lines and enemy positions in the Marshalls NAZIS CREATE SUPERGESTAPO Mass Roundups Planned When Invasion Starts London Germans an ticipating invasion within 3 weeks have created an elaborate super gestapo in western Europe with lists of political unreliables and prominent individuals marked Jor summary seizure an informant with underground connections with Germany said Monday Hitler personally selected for command of this vast police force General von AVoyrsch son of a German army commander in the last war and one of the nazis most maruan garrison The Russians were silenl about land operations at Sevastopol but authority Moscow customarily refrains from tier in preliminary announcements when Ihe red army launches major drives The German high com iod neccssai niand hinting Ihat the Russians operations had cracked axis lines spoke of a fluctuating Tiatlle around tlic Tor tress Mondays German communique aid the Soviets attacked with strong forces after heavy artillery fire and succeeded in effecting a salient in the southern sector of the Sevastopol battle area At tacks on the northern sector were repulsed it added In Romania the Germans said critics nazi troops captured a hill posi tion cast of the Sirct river and the red army failed in a prolonged attempt to break through bctwcei the Prut and Moldava rivers A soviet communique said thai Russian warplanes swooping on Sevastopol from dawn to dusk in flicted heavy losses on German and Romanian troops blew up ammunition dumps wrecked artil lery batteries and damaged several sliips r The axis garrison estimated ai 25000 men bus been holding out in Sevastopol since midApril under fire from soviet siege guns commanding the lieiffMs over looking the city The soviet Black sea fleet and air arm have re ported sinking scores of escape vessels trying to reach Romania A German military analyst commenting on the reported land Czechs Reds Plan Rule for Freed Areas London Russian and Czech governments have signed an agreement for the administra tion n CzechoSlovakia liberated by the red army communiques issued simultaneously in London and Moscow announced Monday The red army reached the Czech border in the Carpathians several weeks ago The relationship between Hie soviet commanderinc h i e f and the Czech administration is es tablished in the document signed in London by V Z Lebcdcv Rus sian ambassador to the Czechs and by H Ripku minister of state and acting foreign minister of the C ze c aoSlovak exile governmcntin essential to war in tile assault said hat evidently the soviet high command is staking everything on annihilating the Sevastopol garrison with smashing blow in order to release HIT BRUNSWICK AREA MEETING NAZI FIGHTERS Germans Admit Their Battered Capital Is Condemned to Death London 2000 U S bombers and fighters blasted the Berlin and Brunswick areas Mon day with a great fleet of flying fortresses pouncing for the 2nd straight day on bat tered capita that the Germans now call to death Another armada composed en irely of liberators hammered Brunswick 125 miles west of Ber n The powerful 1 in o a I equal to that puumling Berlin by daylight night assaults from west and south upon France Germany and the Roman ian capital of Bucharest Tile liberators and fortresses Monday numbered close to 1000 with about as many escorting lightnings thunderbolts and mus tangs ie fortresses dropped perhaps 2000 tons of explosives on Berlin Monday Bucharest was hit Sunday night for the 3rd time in 24 hours in operations marking Hie 7th day night coordinated operation from Britain and the Mediterranean since Thursday night against Ger many France and the Balkans Six of those consecutive Mediter ranean blows fell on Romania After the big fellows carried out what the German communique called terror attacks on Bucha rest and Berlin approximately 200 Oth air force marauders struck Monday at military objectives iir northern France anda railroad bridge on the outskirts of Houen German fighters drove bitterly affainsf the liberators bombing Brunswick returning crewmen said and some estimated thai as many as 130 nazi planes engaged in battle at one time The Germans attacked in waves for half an hour American flyers said it was the rilst German fighter defense in air commander in the Mediter slrcl1Rtli since tile April 29 raid ranean announced Monday that Berlin A heavy overcast The agreement invests supreme authority in the soviet comman der in all matters the conduct of the zone of war operations fur the pe riod necessary lo carry out these erations A Czech government delegate for the liberated territories will be appointed to set up and di rect administration of the area cleared of the enemy The Czech delegate will reconstitute Czech armed forces and set up a mili tary mission to work with the soviet commander The delegate also will net as liaison between he red army and civilian aiilh itics When war operations end the Czech government wil take over the full exercise of public author ity Soviet forces in CrechoSlo vakia will be under Russian jur isdiction and the Czech military forces and civilians will be under Czech authority A special agreement will be reached on financial matters ROMANIAN OIL OUTPUTSLASHED Production Only l4th of Normal After Raids Allied Headquarters Naples Lt Gen Ira C Eakcr allied Homanianoil production had been astopol however since the Ger mans and Romanians arc wedged into an area with n circular front of only about miles The soviet communique told of only minor activity Sunday German attempts to take a height west of Insi were repulsed it said and 200 Germans were slain south of Tiraspol on the west bank of the lower Dneslr river crn front by bombing every im portant supply route open to the Germans General Eakcr congratulating 15th Air force Commander Maj Gen Nathan F Twining on the results disclosed also that since Nov 8 1042 the bomb tonnage dropped by the allies in the Medi terranean theater passed the 200 000 mark The enemys position has been greatly weakened by serious in i win ui mi muM T T i I notorious disciplinarians i ftp Hp fl rnr Stato The minute the allies set foot K l1CIU IOr Deference j lpoll lllc wostcrn shores of FrnrJnwoc C l 1 rope the Germans are said lo be i EJllplOyeS in j tcrruption of his rail and river kcr said of the transportation Kali Balkan raids Hillcrest Country Club Playground of Movie Stars Is Destroyed Hollywood Owners of the luxurious Hillcrest country club playground Hollywood film stars Monday estimated SI50Oo6 damage after a fire which Sunday night destroyed the buildings and forced 350 film notables and busi ness executives to flee without their dinners Firemen said the 3alarm blaze was caused by defective wiring in the attic above the mens lockcr rooms in the rambling colonial type structure located across the street from 20th CenturyFox Film studios All the guests escaped unin jured Many of those in locker rooms were forced to dash from the building wrapped only in tow els all set to begin one of the greatest i mass roundups of the war forced Ihc liberators to bomb through the clouds Flak was de scribed as light Mondays daylight operations pressed the tremendous prcinva sion air offensive into ils 24th consecutive day and capped a 24 hour period in which probably 0000 allied planes thundering from bases in Britain and Italy rained something like 10000 Ions of explosives on installations with which Hitler hoped lo combat the allies western invasion and stem the Russian drive into the Balkans The main blow of Sundays great daylight raids perhaps the heaviest 2way assault thus far was a terrific American raid on Berlin The KAFs home based night fleet Sunday night hit Ilcnncs air ficlil north of Nantes and other Ploesti refining system lillScls in Nantes Tuurs Saliiris with a capacity of some IGOOUOO 1 s south of Orleans and tons annually has been supplying military installations on Ihe Nor i Des Moincs state ex prospects that firing squads will ccutivc council decided Monday have their hands full to hold a DDiy prayer service The informant said the program for all slate employes in the calls for the immediate arrest of prominent leaders in various parts of western Europe to be held ns hostages and executed in case of hostility by the public The Germans are said lo be I watching Norway as one of the capilol building instead of closing the offices to permit workers lo attend the service auditorium in the Shrine employes would attend service were held in the whereas many would not mote than 30 inunys nccds per cent Tile low of Ger levcl at Uicl on Aug 1 11H3 seriously in terrupted Ihe output fur some months but prior to the recent allacks MAAK unils major pliints had been restored to full production handful of minor plants remaining inactive The MAAF tinucd With commander con German mechan ized might highly dependent on Romanian oil the destruction of refining facilities which handle prosed opposition to closi from the cast to the west coast fices Another Swedish report said the province of soulh Holland permit employes IOWAN IS KILLED Columbus Miss L C Mallory commanding officer of the Columbus army air field has announced that Aviation Cadet James C Nygrcn 28 Boone Iowa was one of 3 cadets from the field killed in a training plane accident Buy War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier eluding The Hague had clarcd a closed area that may be visited only by special permit Ci vilians also were banned from flooded areas of Holland and for bidden to keep boats there Harking back to May 10 1940 when the Germans started their drive toward the channel coast a Paris radio commentator said that the approaching May 10 is not only an anniversary for it is a new beginning war lias not really started for us the speaker said but it is about to crash down on France with even greater ferocity than 4 years ago DIES OF BURNS Cedar Rapids Ocar Page 91 Central Cily Iowa died Sunday night in a Cedar Rapids hospital of burns suffered earlier in the day while she was re kindling a fire in her home ring our people been dc i mshl lo stay tlle instead 1 mav he of around all over town GovB B Hickcnloopcr com mented I feel this way about it The day the invasion starts there will be thousands of Iowa parents whose boys will be in it Maybe Im a little sentimental on the subject but 1 expect to issue a proclamation in a clay or two slat ing that when we receive news of tiie invasion each in his own way should devote a little time in solemn supplication for the lads who are going to make so many sacrifices in that thing PLUNGES TO DEATH Rochester Minn Taylor 38 Oak Park III plunged to his dcalh from his 10th floor room in the Kahler holds hospilal section Sunday night Authorities said he apparently had been des pondent 0 Safety Award Given Union Pacific Workers Omaha national safe ty councils wartime award or distinguished service to safety has been presented to the 65000 em ployes of the Union Pacific rail road through its president Wil liam M Jeffers Many of the na tions business and labor leaders were present at the banquet Sat urday night nt which W A Ir vin New York Cily chairman of the board of trustees of the na tional safety council and former president of the United States Steel corporation said the Union Pacific maintained the lowest employe casualty rate of any large railroad in the United States for 1G out of the at 21 years mainly coasl as well as tile nazi chemical center Icxcrkuscn just north of Cologne Nine planes were lost in the RAF niRlil opera lions which included he sowin of mines in enemy waters fienncs in Brittany about in 40 Buy War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy miles inland from the channel coasl is an important rail center through which supplies arc routed for submarines and vessels in French Atlantic ports Blows at an ammunition dump there and at Salbris Sunday night wore in line with the new campaign begun re cently in an obvious effort to de stroy as much of Germanys anti invasion firepower ns possible be fore Ihe allied invasion forces sweep against Ihc continent In weak return German raid ers struck Sunday night at he south coasl of England but the British said they caused no dam age or casualties A fleet of 2000 Britishbased American planes comprising fly ing fortresses liberators and their fighter escorts struck the main Sabbath blow at Berlin and the MunsterOsnabruk region in west ern Germany The assault cost 8 bombers and 5 striking contrast to the loss of 63 heavy machines in the last American raid on Berlin 8 days previously At almost the same time pei haps 1000 American Italybased heavy bombers and fighters slammed approximately 1200 tons of bombs on the main rail yards at Bucharest and a bridge which was the only remaining open route on the Orient Express line to Sofia Stockholm dispatches said 1000 persons were killed in Sundays American raid on Berlin A dis patch by the Scandinavian tele
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