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Mason City Globe Gazette Newspaper Archive: April 26, 1944 - Page 1

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Publication: Mason City Globe Gazette

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   Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - April 26, 1944, Mason City, Iowa                             NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME COfci 0 I P AR T E N T OF H I S TORY AM A3CH I THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL I Associated Press and United Press Kull Leased Five Cents a Copy I MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY APRIL 26 1944 This Paper Consists o Two Section One NO m U S Orders Seizure of Wards Chicago Store MAY USE ARM ED FORCE TO TAKE OVER COMPANY Head of Firm Refuses to Accept Order for Government Operation Washington President Roosevelt Wednesday directed Secretary of War Stimson to take any action that may be neces sary to enable Commerce Sec retary Jones to carry out the presidential order for seizing and operating the plants ot Mont gomery Ward and company at Chicago This was disclosed when the white house issued the text of the presidents executive order dated April 25 directing Jones to take over the plant and facilities ot the company At the same time the white house issued a letter by Attorney General Biddle to the president upholding the chief executives authority direct the secretary of commerce to take possession of and to operate the plants and facilities of Montgomery Ward and company in Chicago 111 In Chicago Wayne Taylor as sistant Secretary of commerce had served the presidential order on Sewell Avery head of Mont gomery Ward and Avery had re fused to accent the order In the circumstances attention focused on point number 4 of the order as released by the white house which raised the possibility that the army would bo directed to enforce the presidents decision This point said Upon the request of the secre tary of commerce the secretary of war shall take any action that may ta necessary to enable the secre tary of commerce to carry out the provisions and purposes of this Border Should armed force be resorted to it seemed probable that a token group of officers and men would be dispatched to the Montgomery Ward headquarters and properties That is he system that has been used in various instances in the past where no violence was an ticipated The hoard hearing for 10 a in Saturday in Chicago as the first step in de termining the bargaining agencj for companys employes crux of the dispute The board called a hearing on the petition of the CIO United Wholesale Retail and Department Store employes for investigation and certification of a bargaining agency The NLRB will decide on a basis of the hearing whether to recer DRIVES AT show American pin cers moves at Hollandia on the north coast of New Guinea where U S troops and some Dutch forces were reported to be closing in on the main Hollandia air base plane symbol and on 2 other fields in the and Tami ff f if f if Allied Troops in Sight of Main Airdrome at Hollandia Advanced Allied Headquarters New Guinea by warplancs operating off the captured Tadji airfield near Aitape one spearhead of the American and Dutch invaders of northern New was virtually within sight Patton Says Big 3 Will Rule World London S army head quarters said Wednesday that LI Gen George S Pitton Jr in cluded Russia with the United States and Britain when he listed the milions which undoubtedly were destined to rule the world after the war The original version of Pattens j first public speech in Britain as earned by the Briton Press as sociation Tuesday night had men tioned only the United States and Britain as the ultimate rulers He spoke before an audience of 200 at the opening of a British welcome club for American sol diers somewhere in England Tuesday The armyapproved version of the speech quoted Patton as say ing The idea of these clubs could not be better because undoubt edly it is our destiny to rule the British and of course Russians and therefore the more we see of each other the better Palton disclosed that he hopes to fight Japan once the war in Europe has been won The sooner our soldiers write home and say how lovely English ladies arc he said the the national labor relations meanwhile announced a tify the election union or hold another The original presidential order had directed the firm to extend an expired contract with the union pending a determination whether it should continue to be regarded as the bargaining agency A very Declines to Accept U S Order RULLETIN Chicago C Taylor undersecretary of commerce an nounced Wednesday he had sub milted a certified copy of a presi dential order authorizing him to take over the Chicago mail order plant of Montgomery Ward and company but that Sewell Avery head of the firm had declined to accept it Taylor came here from Wash ington to assume control of the mail order house on grounds that the concern had refused to com ply with a directive from Presi dent Roosevelt to cxlcnd an ex pired contract with a CIO union Taylor emerging from his con ference with Avery told reporters I have just delivered to Mr Avery certain communications from the president I tendered to him a certified copy of n presi dential order authorizing me to lake over the management of the Montgomery Ward antl company plant and its facilities in Chicago Mr Avery stated that he does not recognize he legality of my authority to do so and that for various other reasons which he said he had outlined to the prosi dentdent in his telegram of Tues day Mr Avery has declined to accede to my demand My further instructions in this matter were to report back to tile secretary of commerce and this I intend to do immediately Taylor left with UGO Carusi executive assistant to the atlorney general after conferring with Av ery Avery declined to comment on the conference and neither he nor Taylor would disclose the contents of the presidents executive order fohn Barr member of the law firm acting as the companys coun sel said the company had no statement to make and that it was now up to the government The company has 9000 em loyes in Chicago and the public relations counsel for the firm es imated Uhere were betwen 5000 and 5500 in the bargaining unit those employed in the mail order department the warehouse and the retail store Had Avery acceded to the presi dents demand the public rela tions office said Taylor would have taken over control of the Schwinn warehouse the mail or der basement and first 3 floors of the building which houses the retail store and ecutive offices Montgomery Ward operates G4C stores throughout the country and 9 mail order houses including the one in Chicago Mr Roosevelt inhis directive to the company had advised of ficials that in event failure to I shall take such fur ther action as the interests of the nation require The govern ment has taken over and oper ated several war plants after company and worker disputes failed of The plant union CIO United Mail Order Warehouse and Re tail Employes Monday voted to return to work ending a 12day strike which had affected an un determined number of the 5500 employes in the mail order divi sion Officials Tuesday after thi companys position was mad known advised the white hous that we shall expect the presi dent to immediately take sue further action as the interests o hc nation require1 We sfani ready to cooperate fully wit the president in any way h deems necessary In a telegram to Ihe white house Tuesday signed by Scwell Avery company chairman the company agreed to maintain Rcs hours anrt related terms of employment for the employes who returned to work Tuesday However the telegram said company compliance with the presidents order would make a mockery of the democratic right of employes to choose their bargaining representatives freely and without interference It said full restoration of conditions un der the old contract would be in itself illegal f the main airdrome at Hol anclia Wednesdaysreports indi cated Opposition still was negligible en Douglas MacArthur reported and the only aerial molestation was from a lone Japanese plane which bombed one of the Hol andia beachheads causing mod crate damage and light casualties The 3ruuway Tadji airfield 150 miles southeast of Hollandia was captured by the first invasion wave a few hours after the land ings at dawn Saturday and im sooner American dames will get jealous and force the war to a successful conclusion Then I shall have a chance to go and kill Jii nese MINGLED EXPRESSIONS FOLLOW PATTON STATEMENT Washington UR Lt Gen George S Paltons statement that it is the destiny of the Ameri cans and revised to include the Russians to rule the world brought mingled ex pressions of amazement and dis pleasure Wednesday from array and congressional circles There was no official war de partment comment on the state ment made by Patton before a London audience But army of ficials were represented as amazed that Patton would utter such a controversial expression in view of the earlier furore he had caused by slapping 2 shell shocked American soldiers Rep Jessie Sumner said Pattons remarks were as balmy as Hitler Others used the word unfortunate to describe NAZIS SAY REDS HAVELAUNCHED NEW OFFENSIVE Claim Russian Forces Checked in Campaign on Lower Dnestr London German high c o m m a n d reported Wednesday that the red army had opened a big offensive on a broad front in the lower Dneslr valley apparent ly signalizing the end of the lull on the eastern battle line A Berlin communique reporting the first major action on the Rus sian front since Ihe Soviets clamped a siege arc against Sevas topol 8 days afro acknowledged local penetrations by soviet spearheads but claimed Ihey were checked or eliminated Moscow gave no immediate con firmation of the reported Dncstr offcnsivc perhaps in keeping with the soviet policy of waiting for the development of a major operation before announcing it On She lower Dnestr the Soviets went over to the attack on a broad All Yankee Bombers Return From Attack on Brunswick ESCORT PLANES FAIL TO SIGHT ENEMY FIGHTER American and Auslthe speech and its possible effect tralUii engineers went on allied unity Buy War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazctlc carrier boy with bulldozers and graders while troops chased the Japanese into the hills and jungle Captured enemy guns were set up as defense weapons and rouncl crews worked even at night by floodlight to whip the bombpocked field into shape Fifth airforce and Australian planes based at Tadji then were put to work in the campaign of annihilation against 60000 iso lated Now Guinea Japanese General MacArthur said the Aitape perimeter had been cleared of Japanese but made no mention of Aitape village 5 miles north west of the airdrome Allied bombers struck at every point from which the Japanese could mount aerial counter blows while ground forces in the Hol landia area advancing from the northwest in ankledeep red mud at the base of the towering Cy clops range were last reported well beyond Sabron This would put them 3 miles or less from the Hollandia airdrome largest of 3 within t h e Yankee and Dutch pincers The force which landed 33 miles to the northeast was well beyond Pirn village which is 8 miles from the Tami airfield Thus the jaws of the pincers were about 20 miles apart While the muddy and rugged terrain still presented about as much opposition as the few Japa nese encountered one Dutch cor respondent wrote that the main Japanese force has not yet been engaged This force has been estimated at 14000 troops Heavy bombers dropped an other cargo on the enemy occu pied northeast shoulder of N c w Guinea hitting Wcwaks 4 air dromes with 184 tons of 2000 pounders and spraying the Hansa bay supply area with 122 tons Palton made the statement as he senate military affairs com mittee was again getting ready to act on his promotion from the permanent rank of colonel to major general The promotion has been held up since the disclosure of the faceslapping incident No congressmen cared to predict im mediately what effect if any the London statement would have on the promotion Sen Robert A Taft said it was an irresponsible statement Rep Hamilton Fish RN sakl the American peo ple had no desire to rule the world and that Patton was not reflecting the opinion of even a small percentage of Americans when he says front the German communique said Our troops stipported by luftwaffe formations achieved complete defensive success in hard fighting Local penetrations were checked or eliminated by deter mined counterattacks The enemy lost numerous tanks It was the first nazi report of a large scale Russian attack since the conclusion of the shortlived Crimean campaign except for the reduction of Sevastopol The nazi report indicated Iliat Gen Rodion Y JMalinovskys 3rd army of Ihc Ukraine had re grouped and launched a new ac tion after its swift drive which cleared the southern Ukraine of the German invaders and now was pressing on into Bessarabia to join Marshal Ivan S Konevs 2nd army in the drive into Ro mania Berlin also reported Russian counterattacks between the Car pathians and upper Dnestr indi cating that the red army had re gained the initiative in the lower corner of prewar Poland after breaking up German attacks aimed at disrupting Marshal Greg ory Zhukovs preparations for new drive The nazis after reporting heavy attacks by Russian forces besieg ing Sevastopol said that the as saults Tuesday were limited to local llirusts Other Targets in Western Germany Are Also Hit by Flyers YANKS BLASTING NAZI thuir bombs explode on the mmhehl Sdiipol airdrome at Amsterdam Holland B26 marauder bombers of the U S 9tli air force bead for home The attack was one of many now being directed against airfields and enemy defenses along the Atlantic wall which silenced batteries all antiaircraft 12 Men Killed When 2 Bombers Collide in Air Near Yuma Ariz Yuma Ariz four en gine bombers collided in flight killing 12 men 12 miles northeast of here Tuesday Seven army airmen including 3 officers were aboard one of the B24 consolidated liberator planes returning to March Field River side Cal on a training flight Three civilians and 2 Camp Cal 1an San Diego CaU soldiers were on the other B24 enroutc from the Consolidated Vultee Aircraft corporation San Diego plant to the firms modification center at Tuc son Ariz Wreckage of the planes fell Si miles apart At March Field Cal army au thorities released the names of six of the seven army men killed They included Staff Sst Richard L Hittle 20 father Clarence Kittle Blencoc Iowa Reds Intend to Drive Into Germany London red army in tends to drive into Germany in mighty continuation of its 1M4 offensive to finish off Adolf Hit lers legions and bring about the nazis final capitulation in close collaboration with the allies an authoritative Soviet War Review said Tuesday night The review broadcast by the Moscow radio declared that 500 000 axis troops had been slain or captured and enormous booty swept up in less than 2 months on the lower Russian front without counting the Crimea Since last summer the red army has liberat ed more than 65000 localities and more than 310000 square miles of territory the Review added its victories Ihe red army has widely facilitated for our allies the possibility of opening military actions on a scale in Ihe west and south that arc bcinjr ex pected with impatience by Ihc whole world declared the article written by Dmitri Manuilsky a member of the central committee ot the communist party Basing itself on the victories it has achieved the review said the red army sees its task today in the complete expulsion of the enemy from the soviet union in pursuing and finishing off his armed forces not only on the ter ritory of his vassals and the states subjugated by him but also on the territory of Germans itself and in achieving in close collab oration with our allies the rout of the German fascist army and the I capitulation of fascist Germany The broadcast Review said the nazis miscalculated in thinking the approach of the red army to the soviet border would sow dis sension among the allies Mqlolovs Foreign Commissar statement that the soviet government does not pursue the aim of acquiring any part of Romanian territory or of changing the existing social system of Romania was met by public opinion in Britain and the U S A with the deepest satis faction the article declared London Jfi American fort resses and liberators flying in medium strength attacked the aircraft production center nf Brunswick and other targets in western Germany Wednesday without losing a uomber A strong escort of mustangs lightnings and thunderbolts which matlp up a totalraiding force ul lirohahly more than 1000 jlluncs also went to the formerly strong ly defended aircraft production center without sighting a single enemy fighter Some of the fighters swept air fields ill France with lire how ever and the crews reported heavy antiaircraft and rocket de fenses over Brunswick Six of the fighters failed to return The fortresses and liberators from Britain carrying nut their Uth operation in the course ot a 12cla3 offensive which has been the greatest the war bombed by instrument through overcast skies which apparently hampered he enemy defense Brunswick on the route to Ber in and 100 miles west of the German capital has been one of the bloodiest targets on the books ot the United States strategic air forces Sixty American bombers failed to return from the daylight attack on the production center on Jan 11 when 152 nazi fight ers were destroyed The RAF lost 3tJ bombers there on Jan 14 and in the last attack on the city on April a the Americans lost 34 heavy bombers while shooting down 148 enemy aircraft Wednesdays mission the I9th this month by the Jith air force while employing over 1000 planes London Ufi Art allied naval I Wiis considerably smaller than squadron led by the new British 2QOOplanc armadas which NAZI DESTROYER SUNK BY BRITISH Battle Off Coast of France Is Described Squire Climbs Tree Chased by Own Dogs 1 Murfrecsboru Tenn tice of the Peace Hani Vaughn who has 2 large bulldogs that guard Iiis 400 white Leghorn chickens was awakened at mid night by a disturbance in the chicken lot Rushing out in his pajnmas he was met by the dogs fangs bared The squire climbed a tree 1 stayed up there a half hour before I could make the fools un derstand who I was he said cruiser HMS Black Prince inter cepted a German destroyer flo tilla ut the western entrance to the English channel before dawn Wednesday and sank one enemy warship under a storm of gunfire und torpedoes The enemy warship compris ing 3 to A destroyers of Hie new Elbing class were sighted off Batx island near the western end of the Breton peninsula and were engaged immediately by the al lied squadron Janes fighting ships docs not list any German warships at the Elbing class An admiralty communique Report Train Blown Up Just After Hitler Left ported that the immediately threw off destro3rers smoke Ankara Kcparts circulated in Ankara Wednesday that Adolf Hitlers special irain was blown up in a recent allied raid on Stutt art only a short time after Hitler himself had left the train All ihc occupants of the train were said to have been killed screen and fled toward Ihe French eoast at high speed The allied squadron consistin of at least 4 British and Canadian destroyers in addition to the Black Prince fired star shells to illumi nate the fleeing enemy vessels anci opened up with their guns scoring several direct hils The Iountuicd with heavy fire thai inflicted su perficial damage and light cus uallics on the pursuing allied 2nd Daughter Born to Actress Alice Faye lave thundered from Britain in layliglit 5 limes since the huge fensivL begem from Italy on April 15 The German radio declared the American force invading the air over the retell tangled with liters ill fierce baUles as the air drive which has scourged en emy targets in a 75Uuiile arc across Europe rolled forward While the heavy bombers con tinued their unprecedented cam paign to knock the enemys air defenses flat hundreds of lighter planes blackened the skies over the channel in an onslaught against targets in occupied ter ritory similar to the attacks which cost 3 bombers Tuesday The ex plosions from their assault were heard all channel Lightning mustangs escorted the 4cngincd bombers to Germany and the first fighter pilots returning said they encountered no German fighters in the deepening overcast These pilot went only part way to ihc target however The swarms if ilnylishl raiders soared mil after night ninsciuito lie way across the thunderbolts and warships and attempted utisucslnndrons had puundcd CoIoKnc cessfuliy to torpedo the Black j x before hi this cur Prince One enemy destroyer crippled in the first exchange of fire Vast Underground Force Ready in Europe Editors Note While Hie world awaits the allied assault on west ern Europe allied censorship has permitted a London correspondent of the United Press to indicate the sccipe of the vast underground re bellion which will be touched off behind the German lines when the allied invasion begins includ ing the fact that the strategic plan already is in the hands of under ground leaders The writer of this dispatch has been assigned for several years to cover the under ground through its representatives with the sovernmentsinexile in London By JOHN A FARRIS London gigantic stra tegic plan for the mobilization of an estimated 12000000 guerrilla patriots to harass the Germans behind their antiinvasion defense lines from Norway to the Balkans has been placed in the hands of patriot leaders allied sources said Wednesday It awaits only the signal that al lied troops have landed on the western shores to be put into ef fect For the past 8 weeks the Inter allied high command has beamed instructions to the continent day and night in a dozen languages Supplies have been pouring into underground caverns for many weeks but the tempo has been ac celerated with Ihe arrival of spring When these millions rise in sup port of the AngloAmerican in vasion forces they will start the greatest revolt in history The ef forts of Marshal Titos partisans in Yugoslavia and of the anony mouslyled Marquis of Frances Alpine borderland arc a foretasle of the guerrilla warfare in store for the Germans in CzechoSlo vakia Belgium Holland and Nor way Allied sources said nothing in history compared with the under ground organization which will aid the allied assault Adolf Hitler organized a 5th column to support his conquests but it was a non combatant force of Quislings trai tors commercial travelers and tourists who paved the way through spying and political in trigue Supporting the AngloAmerican armies will be an army of the res urrected recruited from the fallen peoples who risked death to es cape bondage It is no longer a military secret that secret underground units throughout Europe for the past 2 years have been trained by allied guerrilla warfare and sabotage ex perls Close liaison between the Balkan armies and allied military leaders in the past 8 months has resulted in a highlycoordinated campaign Twice within the last 1ft days Marshal Titos orders of the day have sent his forces into offensives n Montenegro and Croatia in sup port of the Russian armies driv ing deeper into Romania and Po land Spearheading the revolt of the 12000000 will be an estimated 500000 organized patriot fighters in Yugoslavia Greece Albania Poland and France Guns grenades and ammunition have been sup plied to such forces by the allies Vichy recently broadcast that Rus sian paratroops had landed in French mountainous areas to or ganize sabotage Liaison officers assigned by ex ile governments in London to keep contact with the underground asserted that when the full story of the revolt is known after the war the world will realize that lhcse patriots played a major role in the overthrow of Germany caught by the Canadian destroy ers Haida and Athabascan and riddled with shcllfirc at point blank range The British destroyer Aslinnli and the Canadian Huron also closed in on the stricken enemy warship and it finally was sent Santa Monica Cal 2nd to ine bottom under their con daughter was born Wednesday fire Alice Fayc blond film actress and I wife of Harris Orchestra Leader PI j Churchill Reports No rent other planes sowed mines all williiiut Iiiss U S marauders licacicd for Weather Report Developments on B FORECAST 5ases Mason City Showers Wednesday night and Thursday with occa sional thunder storms Not much change in temperature Iowa Partly cloudy to cloudy with rain east portion Wednesday night Thursday partly cloudy in tcmper not much change ature Minnesota Partly cloudy north and mostly cloudy south por tion Light showers southeast portion Wednesday night Thursday partly cloudy No im portant temperature changes IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Tuesday 50 Minimum Tuesday night 38 At K a m Wednesday 40 Prccip Trace YEAR AGO northern France and explosions echoed across ihc channel before they returned Other fleets of me dium bombers then streamed out toward the continent More than 1000 allied planes flew out from Britain Tuesday and Ihe Mediterranean air force sent heavy bombers against an aircraft factory at Turin and rail yards at Fcrrara important junc tion connecting the Gulf of Venice with the interior of northern Italy Thirteen big bombers were lost along with other planes in all j operations from Italian bases Leased to United otates mis Or sky j offensives has lambasted the Gcr London Minister Churchill told the house of com mons Wednesday there have been no developments calling for review by the government of the existing position1 with respect to western hemisphere bases leased to the United States Asked for an assurance that no move would be made to cede the bases outright to the United States without the consent of the British people Churchill said There is not the slightest question of any cessation of Brit ish the slightest A subcommittee of the house naval affairs committee in Wash ington suggested several days ago that a study be made of the pos sibility of obtaining permanent possession of the leased bases Maximum Minimum fi1 3f mans with liver 50000 tons of ex plosives anil thousands of incend cost the Americans and liritish probably more than 300 airmen and 389 planes Most of the 2300 men aboard these lost aircraft arc believed to be safe as prisoners but that per sonnel cost docs not include the dead and wounded on planes that returned home after sky battles The material cost includes about 550000000 in aircraft probably as much in education expenses of flyers and crewmen and tremend ous amounts for bombs fuel maintenance wages and dozens of other items involved in hitting the enemy with huge air strength The 389 planes however are only slightly more than one j cent the oal of s15UlXi used in j the 11 days and the allied com j Buy War Savings Bonds ami imirid rates this as reasonable cost i Stamps from your GlobcGazcUc j The Germans have suffered a carrier boy i tremendous loll and the results   

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