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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - April 14, 1944, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT Or HISTORY ftiO A THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL 1 Associated Prcis and United Press Full Leased Wires Five Cents a Copy MASON C1TV IOWA FRIDAY AlKH 14 1941 This Paper Consists of Two One NO 161 139 German Airplanes Bagged by Yank Flyers RAF MOSQUITO BOMBERS MAKE RAID ON BERLIN 44 American Craft Lost in Blows Against Nazi Production Centers London fP RAF mosquito bombers struck Berlin and west era Germany Thursday night in climax to doubleheader daylight assaults Thursday upon aircraft and rail targets by nearly 3000 U S bombers and fighters thai bagged at least 139 German planes It was Ihe first blow against he gouged capital since i mosquito attack March 25 and u 2800ton British raid March 24 All the swift plywood planes re turned The German radio declaved al lied aircraft bombed the Rome area Thursday night culminating 24 hours of unusual activity over that city There was no allied con firmation Fortytour American planes 3G ot them bombers were lost in raids from British bases Thurs day and the allied Mediterranean forces lost 19 ships 16 of them heavy bombers in flying 1300 sorties many of the 10 were American planes lost in the main heavy blow into Hungary was not specified A record fleet of more than 1100 mustangs lightnings and thunderbolts of the U S Eight and Ninth air forces accompanied the 500 to 750 Britishbased fly ing fortresses and liberators tha hit the Mcsicrschmitt plant a Augsburg the ballbearing factor ies at Schveinfurt the Dornier factories and hangars of Ober pfaffenhoten and hangars at Lech Jteld These fighters knocked 51 iiazi planes out of the air and at least 71 on the ground while bomber gunners sent down 25 more The other 36 planes in the days bag of 138 fell to U S lath ail force gunners and pilots winging from Italy to hammer a Messer schmiU plant at Gyor 70 miles northwest of Budapest at nearby railway car shops and machine shops the airfield and assembly plant at Tokol 11 miles southwest of Budapest and another air drome 10 miles from the capital The 15th air force also bombed railway targets in Yugoslavia Probably 500 bombers and as many fighters flew from Italian bases on these raids Other allied bombers raked the invasion coastal area during the day A U S communique in London said objectives at Auesburs Obcr pfaffenhofcn Sclmcinfurt and Leclifelrt were successfully bombed in clear weather with one formation reporting excellent results at Aussburg Antiaircraft fire was heavy and the Germans sent in strong fighter opposition at points The Germans sent a small number ot planes over southeast England Essex and the home counties with some penetrating to London it announced thovitatively and a small bcr of casualties were reported At teas 2 planes were downed London greeted the raiders with an unprecedented number of searchlights apparently part of a surprise defense Several high ex plosives were dropped on the edges of the capital Oppose Shift in Ratifying Peace Treaty Washington oppo silion was abuilding in the senate Friday for any proposal to permit ratification of a peace treaty by less than a twothirds vote of that body Interest in a modification of the ancient requirement was revived by Chairman Bloom DKy of the house foreign affairs commit tee who advocated amending the constitution to permit ratification by a simple majority vole of the 2 chambers of congress This and i other proposals along similar lines have been kicking around in the senate ju diciary committee for more thai a year despite fervent pleas bj Sen Gillette DIowa for then consideration Gillette asserting lie was glat io have Blooms support declarec Friday he would press for a hear ing soon by a judiciary subconi mittcc headed by Sen Connall who also is chairman of the foreign relations committee The main hurdle Gillette told reporter is the senate itself One of Gillettes pending pro amend the constitutio to permit ratification of trcatic by a simple majority of the senat got a cool re ception from the full judicial committee last month Gillettes other proposals ii cludo one to permit ratificatio by a simple majority of scnatot voting and another by a simp majority of house and senate Sen Connally is known to fe that any treaty should have sub stantially the unanimous suppo of the entire senate Gillette argues that the two thirds rule tcmpts presidents to bypass the senate by making treaties in the guise of executive agreements CLOSING IN ON BASE IN IMPHAL Strafe Panicky Nazis Fleeing Toward Sevastopol SLEEPY LAGOON NOT SO balloons swing overhead as ships of a U S navy task force steam through the entrance to the lagoon in the Green islands The United States seized the Japanese base established there This is an official United States navy photograph Jap Ships and Planes in Hollandia Are Left Ablaze By RICHARD C BERGUOLZ Associated Press War Editor The ships and planes with which Japan hoped to revive Its smashed defenses U Hollandia Dutch New Guinea were Left burning and battered after a massive coordinated air attack Wednesday allied headquarters in the southwest Education Provides Key to InterAmerican Relations Editor Says Des Moincs Earl Hall managing editor of the Mason City GlobeGazette told She Des Moincs Chamber of Commerce Friday that education is the key to good inter American relations There is no essential difference between the people of North America and South America thai cant be explained almost entirely by the superior educational ad vantages we enjoy Hall said Take education to the people down there and almost overnight you have solved the principal problem between us cific reported Friday At least one freighter vas sunk Hollandia harbor and other small crult were left burning and sinking after the 5th air force piiois had pinpointed their target xvith one of the heaviest bomb loads in the New Guinea cam paign Of the 20 Japanese planes thai rose to intercept the 200 plane allied force 8 were shot 2 liy Ihc KUIIS of the lighlniiiK fighter piloted by Americas No 1 ace Maj Richard I Bonjr Toplar Wis The 2 victims raiser Bongs total to 27 highest in American history During the past 2 weeks allied airmen have smashed Hollandia with 1334 tons of bombs and de stroyed its reinforced air force ot 288 planes Other air war reports told of American bomber attacks vang I ing from Kocpang Dutch Timor is west of Darwin Au stralia to Truk in the eastern Caroline islands way stops at such targets as Wcwak Ilansa Bay Madang New Guinea Rabaul New Britain Kavieng ISevv Ireland rind Bougainville island in the Solomons Four targets in the Kurilc islands north of Japan iwerc raked by llth airforce planes in cluding the 3rd attack in 3 days on Malsmva island Allied headquarters in India were admonished by the British owned Bombay Times to stop concealing the full picture of the Japanese offensive into India aimed at the BengalAssam rail road and to stop treating the pub lic as if it is incapable of ap preciating the military situation Acini Lord Louis ilounlbatten allied commandcrinchicC in Ihe i soulheast Asia theater made what apparently was a flying trip to the besieged allied base of Imphal near Ihc Burma border last Sat urday and held a halfhour con ference with the garrisons com mander Yank Bomber Losses in 6 Day Period 203 London S air forces have lost 203 bombers and 7U other planes in the fidziy offen sive which began last Saturday communiques showed Friday In the same period U S Dinners and pilots flying from Britain and Italy have destroyed an officially announced total of 555 German plane U S WATCHES OIL IN MOROCCO Reports Hear Spain Is Planning Seizure Washington of State Cordell Hull said Friday that the American embassy in Madrid is looking into reports that the Spanish government of Generalissimo Francisco Franco plans to seize quantities of Amer ican oil in Morocco it has taken up the matter the Spams foreign office Hull said that lie did not believe any seizure had actually take place as yet despite reports to the contrary It was learned elsewhere that the slate department has definite information that a seizure was contemplated and that this gov ernment has sternly warned Spain it will not tolerate such action Asked about allied efforts to induce Sweden to stop shipments of ball bearings to the axis Hull merely recalled that for some time representations have been made by various methods against these shipments He would not confirm that the United Stales has delivered a new note to Sweden Hull also said that he did not know of any final decision having been reached in the state depart ment on the question whether the postwar world will be policed by an international police force under a world organization or by a combination of forces con tributed by the participating gov ernments Nippon Forces Fan Out Through Hills on South End of Plain New Delhi a pa n e s e ungle troops were reported clos ng in from all sides on Imphal Fri lay and an allied communique ndicated that the enemy siege line las virtually isolated a mixed orce of British and Indian veter ans inside the fortress town Fanning out through he hills Bordering the southern end of the Imiihal plain Japanese flying col umns struck toward the Bishen purSilchar highway threatening momentarily to sever British com munications with the Assam Bengal railway line west of 1m lihal Simultaneously other enemy forces moved in from the east and north against the Imphal outpost lines One Japanese column striking along the TamuPalel highway to ward Imphal attempted to break through the British defenses southeast of Imphal but was beat en back with heavy losses Ihe i communique said One hundred enemy troops were killed in this action The Japanese Dome news agency asserted that the entire Imphal plain has been surrounded by Japanese forces and predicted the destruction of the British Indian defenders in that area be ore the beginning of Ihc monsoon next month Mountbaltens 1th a r in y iressGd into the Imphal plain has row been cut off from all possible retreat and is facing certain col Dome said The cornered battered British Indian forces in Imphal being the cream of Mount battens force their loss would be tantamount to decimation of the majority of his army Dome also claimed that Japa nese troops have driven beyond Kohima 00 miles north of Imphal and are marching on Dinapur ami the AssamBengal railway line 30 miles further west The thrust to ward the railroad line Dome said threatens both the British ii eastern India and the Chinese and American forces in northcentra The allied communique said British patrols have made contact with the Japancse near the Bish ennnrSilcliar road and reported hat operations to clear the enemy Crom tlie highway west of Kohima arc progress ing There was no word of new fighting at Kohimu w h i c h Japanese propagandists claimed repeatedly has been cap tured Allied air forces in one of their biggest 2day operations of the campaign flew more than 1000 sorties over Burma and the Indian frontier sector bombing and ma chinegunning enemy road and rail targets and troop concentra tions Japanese supply lines along the Chindwin river were battered heavily in an apparent attempt to choke off the flow of troops REDS NEAR Russian armies swept down through the Crimea and Friday nearecl Sevastopol are shown on the above map One force 1 from Gencshk met another irom the west to take Dxhaiikoi then dashed south 2 to meet another forte coming Crom Kerch Simleropol then fell Axis Troops Reported to Be Surrendering by Battalions I5y KDDY G1LMOKE Moscow prospect of Ihe fall of Sevastopol Russian orthodox Good the imagination of the Rus sian people as the red army slashed through disorganized group Germans and Romanians many whom were surrendering by bat alions Red Star Mohawk and Manly Vasily enemy Game Is Postponed has cracked at the seams with The baseball game scheduled I fleeing axis troops out of control be played Friday afternoon at STOPPED BY FLOODS Indianapolis works executives of 3 Indiana cities were to have told their experiences dur ing the 1943 floods at a meeting of the Water Works association here but they couldnt make the trip Wabasli river Iloodwatcrs kept them at home SHAW IS HONORED DCS Moiiics Col Rob ert J Shaw past commander ot the losva American Legion has been awarded the Silver Star for valor in Italy according to word received here Demos Will Meet Saturday Dunn to Be Keynote Speaker DCS Moincs democrals began arriving Friday for in formal meetings with other members of the party before the slate convention Saturday at the Shrine auditorium One of the major matters to be taken up at the convention will be the selection of 24 delegates Claim 300 Chinese Are Burned Alive by Japs Chungking Chinese dis patch said Friday that Japanese occupation authorities of Peiping burned alive some 300 starving persons and beggars last month on the excuse they were infected with the plague Inhabitants of a township outside Peiping wit nessed the burning the dispatch said Buy War Savings Bonds and btamps from your GlobcGazcllc carrier boy cast xhe states 20 votes in the nai tional democratic nominating con vention in Chicago and political observers predicted the delega tion would be instructed to vote for the nomination of President Roosevelt for a 4th term II is expeclcd lhal the delegates also will be instructed to support the renomination of Vice Presi dent Henry A Wallace The 2312 official delegates will hold district caucuses at the Hotel Fort Des Moines at 10 a m to se lect 2 delegates from each ot the 8 congressional districts to attend the national conclave E G Dunn of Mason City form er United States district attorney for Northern Iowa will deliver he keynote address at 11 oclock at the Shrine auditorium At the afternoon session the con vention will select 3 dclcgatcsat largc each of whom will have half a vole in Ihe national conven tion It also will decide about in structing the delegation and will adopt resolulions Sen Guy M Gillette is expected to be named a delegate by virtue of his position although he has expressed opposition to a 4th term for Ihe president Party leaders said however that Gillette had agreed to abide by custom and be named a delegate and vote with the delegation if it is instructed Among others expected to be named delegatesatlarge are Vice President Wallace National Com miltceman Frank J Comfort Richard F Mitchell of Fort Dodge the partys candidate for governor Stale Chairman Jake More Mrs Mary S Kelleher national com miUccwoman and Mrs Florence Lynch state vice chairman Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Rain Friday and Sat urday morning becoming fair Cooler Friday night and Satur day Fresh to strong winds All temperatures above freezing Iowa Showers and occasional thunderstorms cast and central portions Friday night and ex treme cast Saturday morning becoming partly cloudy west and central portions Saturday Cool er west and central portions Friday night Fresh to strong winds Friday night Minnesota Mostly cloudy with rain south and central portion Friday night and extreme southeast portion S a t ti r d n y Clear Saturday afternoon Cool er west and south portions Fri day night Slightly warmer Sat urday Fresh to strong winds Friday night diminishing Sat urday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Thursday 59 Minimum Thursday night 42 At 8 a m Friday 43 Rain 34 inch YEAR AGO Maximum 3 Minimum 18 and equipment into eastern India and the communique reported successful attacks on enemy trucks and river craft near Thaungdttt i and Tamu Railway bridges in southern Burma at Pyu and Natmauk also were bombed and damaged heav ily and 5 oil storage tanks were blown up in a daylight raid Thurs day on the Magwc oil fields Not a single allied plane was lost in the widespread operations On the Arakan front in western Burma British imperial troops consolidated their positions in the Buthidaung area after beating oif several strong enemy attacks The communique said Japanese dead have been counted in the Arakan sector during the past week and estimated that at least 1200 of the enemy were killed or wounded in that time British losses were described as relatively light and in great confusion as Gen Feodor I Tolbukhins 4th Ukrain ian army and Gen Andrei i Ycremenkos maritime army bore down on the naval base which re sisled enemy attack for i months in 1941 and 1942 Scores of German and Ko their commanders raced for the port in Ihc bright Crimean sun but it appeared that even if they reached the base before the red army tanks their escape would be impossible Your lanks have made sheep of said German LOWolfgang Host arc racing to the sea but even if we get Iherc we have no place lo go Those of us who do nol surrender will be killed The plainspeaking officer who was captured on the road between Simferopol and Sevastopol made Ihe statement to red army officers in the presence of the correspond enl for the Moscow newspaper Izveslia The road from Simferopol a 35 mile stretch is all down hill and parallels the central Crimean railway Ignaticv said that he saw one entire ballalion surrender with all ils weapons Izvcstias cor respondent reported that lie wit nessed the surrender without re sistance of 2 other battalions and said that the last effort liy the German command to establish sonic kind of order in the ranks of the axis forces was made at Simferopol A lied Star corresjiondcnt with General Yereinenkos army driv ing down the highway which oclock on the Roosevelt field be twccii Mason City and Manly has been postponed because of wet Kfounds Xo date has been set fur the encounter Amiuunccmcnt has also been made of the scheduling of an additional came with Swalc dale here for April 24 Bong Credited With Downing 27Planes Is Promoted to Major Allied Headquarters Southwest Pacific Richard I Bong Poplar Wis was promoted to a major Wednesday the same clay he shot down his 26th and 27th Japanese planes over Hol landia New Guinea to become Americas alltime ace il was an nounced Friday In connection with Bongs achievement it was recalled that when Capt Eddie Rickenbackci visited the southwest Pacific year and a half ago he promisee a cfte of Scotch to the first pilot who broke the record 2G planes he shot down in the first Work War Bong is a teetotaler however and if he collects the Scotch he probably will throw a party lor his unit CLAIMS RHOADS WAS THE GOAT Defense Plea Made in Gambling Payoff Trial Chariton D Thrclkeld defense attorney told a district court jury ol women and 3 men in tile closing hours of the con spiracy trial ol C E Dusty Rhoads Friday the former OUum wa police commissioner is being made the goat by Oltumwas underworld and asked that he be acquitted The attorney declared that the Oltiunwa underworld represents worst ring ot racketeers in the state of Iowa Jn a closinjr arKumenl Thrclkeld described Khoads as a farm boy who Rot into politics in OUunuva hut unfortunately had neither the ability or the experience to cope with conditions in that of crooks Ramblers bootleggers and everything conceivable those lines Hhoads explained Tmelkcld was trying to put the lie on such vice but he found it one cnor skirts Ihc soudiem coast of the mmls The crooks wanted Crimea from Feodosiya said that jcrjc jm came the Germans and Romanians are i testified against this victim retreating in such a hurry that j Closing arguments began about they have no time to destroy their mjci morning and il seemed cur tain that the jury would begin its deliberation late Friday allernoon R C Leggeti chief defense attor ney was scheduled to make hi argument alter the noon recess and Prosecutor John D Moon was to deliver the final arguments for the state Addressing the jury first Friday morning xvas George C Slnarl Chariton retained by Wapello county to assist with the trial dumps of food and supplies retreat is covered rjy dead Hitlerites this correspondent re ported Arms and weapons of all kinds are being abandoned Pris oners yrc being counted by thc thousands Report Britain U S Asked Sweden to Halt Ballbearings to Nazis 20000 TAKEN PRISONER WITH FAST RUSS GAIN German Effort to Reach Ports Appears to Be Futile Movement London Gen Feodor I olbiikluns th Ukrainian army pearheaded by Cossack cavalry anks and motorized artillery olleci down through the southern IViniLa Friday toward Sevastopol ess than 25 miles away and Mos ow declared that German and Romanian troops were fleeing in anic before the relentless Rus ian drive to reconquer the pen HEUlil Overhead waves of Slormovik divebombers were reported and strafing broken and disorganized enemy columns rac ing toward coastal evacuation Dorts in vthal appeared to be a futile effort to escape the ven geance of the red army Already more than iOOOO axis prisoners have been captured a Kussian communique said but there was no inforinulioii avail able on the total number of en emy dead outside of the 5000 listed on Wednesday and Thurs day A final check was expccled to increase that number greatly field dispatches indicated Thursday Tolbukhins forces stormed the capita city of Sim feropol 35 miles north oC Sevas topol on the central Crimean rail way and captured the west coast port of Yevpatoriya hi the east ern part of the peninsula troops of Gen Andrei I Ycremcnkos maritime army swept through the port of Feodosiya to Koktebel 3 miles further down the southern coast A 2nd column thrust to the west to capture the town of Kvim 11 miles away lo cut off the en emy units who had fled there from Feodosiya Friday the Tlh Ihe grcal of fensives to clear the Crimea Kus sian forces had liberaled more than threefourths of its 10000 squaremile area had isolated German forces in Ihc western wedge of the peninsula from their groups in the south and east by capturing Yevpatoriya and had swept up or destroyed tremendous amounts of enemy military stores and equipment according to the Moscow bulletin More than 1100 towns and vil lager in addition lo the Ii major cities fell lo Ihc Kussians Thurs day 500 of them to Tolbukhins forces Moscow said The olhcrs liberaled by Ycrcmenkos swift drive to the south and west where he wns within miles of a juncture with the Ith armys left wiiiR Thursdays great Crimean vic tories were celebrated in Moscow with an unprecedented victory salute of 7loG rounds fired by Ihe capitals big guns after Premier Stnlin had personally announced the news in i successive orders ot the day The usually laconic of ficial communique waxed dra malic as it described ihe behavior of axis troops at the battle of Simfei opol Special German Held gendar j tULnc Iricd lo htop the German in j soldiers retreating in patuc and shot them on tile spot the bul letin said but these rustic mea sure1 did not help The German command was unable lo restore order and any kind of prolonged resistance Again tin Crimean offensive j overshadowed news from other sectors of tile front Except for Hie capture of Ovidiopol south west of Odessa the communique said Ihcrc was only fighting of local importance Vvilh the seizure of Ovidopol Ihe Russians drove all but a few isolated groups of the Odessa gar rison across the Dnepr estuary brought here on a charge of venue Stuart said Khoaiis was the j airuts me uncpr estuary h boss nf the racket who sal these were rapidly being cx terminated by soviet moppingup forces The little fellows selling vu ky in Ottumwa finally talked said Stuart because Khoads was putting a squeeze on them Rhoads went into office on a reform platform but Ihe evidence shows absolutely that there am S lock ho 1m Informed I niahosany csk and di sources reported Friday that Bnl clcd Ihc sralt ain and the United States had asked Sweden to cut off all ex ports of ball bearings to Germany The request it was said was contained in notes understood lo have been presented lo the Swedish government Thursday by American and British ministers in connection with U S Secretary of j State Cordell Hulls warning lo neutrals against trading with Germany or its associates These sources said however that the notes did not contain any provision for possible action if Sweden continued to supply Ger many with ball bearings an in tegral part of mechanized equip ment Buy War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy FARM INCOME GAINS Washington The depart ment of agriculture announced that Iowa farm income totaled S153337000 in January compared to in the correspondI paid for each wasnt a single bootlegger or bier arrested until those fellows began talking The conspiracy charge was filed against Rhoads in connection with an alleged payoff system in Ot lumwa AUCTION OFF WHISKY ing month of 1343 Los Angeles VP Bidders set their own ceilings with no thought the office ot price administra tion OPA when the collector of customs auctioned several cases ol Scotch whisky for nonpayment of taxes or duty The first case went for S7350 An army captain of the next 2 Cats Sneak by 2 Watchdogs Steal Fish Weimer owner of a fish house complained to police last week that every morning he found about a dozen choice fish missing despite the fact 2 watchdogs remained in the building each night Police re ported the mystery solved Fri day A bridgetcndcr said he saw 11 cats sneak into the building and drag the fish out right by the sleeping dogs land SI07 for the third 1OWAN IS NOMINATED Washington tV Brig Gen Thomas E Watson a native ol Oskaloosa Iowa who hcactcd the marine corps war plans section here in has been nominated by President Roosevelt lor pro motion to myjor general
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