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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - March 25, 1944, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT Of HISTORY ANO ARCHIVE CCS KOINES THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL L Press and United Press Full Leased Wires Five Cents a MASON CITY IOWA SATURDAY MARCH 25 NO 148 Nazis Use Tunnels to Retake 4th of Cassino FRESHTROOPS ENTER TOWN BY ANCIENT CAVES Underground Passages Explain Why Germans Survived Air Attacks By REYNOLDS PACKARD Allied Headquarters Naples reinforcements have entered Cassino through a series ancient tunnels it was dis closed Saturday bolstering nazi forces that already have recap tured onequarter of the ruined town Enemy troops now occupy a belt several houses Ihick from the southern extremities of the town all the way past high way 6 into northern Cassino to within about 250 yards of a wul which marked the most advanced point which allied 5th army troops had reached before the big ail bombardment of March 15 United Press War Correspondent James E Roper reported in a front dis patch Heavy fighting continues in Cassino where the general situa tion remains unchanged the communique said Three tunnels dug under the town in the IGlh con nection with searches for buried treasure according lo tales the Germans to move their troops in from one strong point to another a headquarters spokesman said In recent years the tunnels had been used as wine cellars Roper reported that the Germans still were holding a number of i strongpoinls such as the amphi theater and the big schoollike structure nicknamed The Hotel Des Roses in addition to the belt of houses seized by nazi para troopers in fierce street fighting One tunnel extends more ban 1000 yards from the destroyed Benedictine monastery on Mount Cassino to Castle Hill and also has labyrinthical side passages in other directions A second is be lieved to link Castle Hill with the Germanheld Continental hotel The third reportedly leads from Ihe hotel to the amphitheater nearly a mile to Ihe south These underground passages believed to be GO ieet below the surface in some sectors and 10 to 20 in others probably explain how so many Germans survived the furious allied aerial bombardment that virtually obliterated the town on March 15 how the enemy has been able able to bring up rein forcements despite the way the 5th armys artillery has been raking the outskirts of Cassino and how more nazis suddenly appeared in the Continental hotel after its gar rison appeared to have been wiped out German engineers were believed to have improved the tunnels by digging connecting passages and making new entrances to meet military needs There was light shelling south of Cassino where allied artillery started a number of tires in the cncmx lines On the lower Gar Drafting of Men Under 26 Speeded Washington mass novement qf men under 26 from obs to battle lines was speeded Saturday as selective service began calling Ihem up lor immedi ate physical examinations and postponed its consideration of older men in order to meet the armys demand for vigorous youn fighters While the drastic new draft regulations were being put into operation a dozen government agencies hurriedly gathered data on the manpower needs of vital industries so that new centralized machinery for recommending de ferments of men under can start rolling as soon as possible Those 2 drafting of younger incn for com bat and a single interagency com mittee to help choose the relatively tew who will not be some order in the overall situa tion after a week of confusion To youths 18 through 25 hold ing nonagricultural job defer were 365000 at Un last new draft regula tions mean 1 They will be called for pre induclion physicals right away This may be done without taking them out of 2A or 2B The pur pose Draft Director Lewis B llershey said is lo accelerale Ih REDS SAY NAZIS ARE PUSHED TO STARTINGPQINT Russians Apparently Have Doomed German Lines East oi Balkans processing who will for induction ol thosi become available fo military service and to provid the director and employers wit BULLETIN London slub bornlyheld German bastion in he Ukraine has been captured storm by Russian forces Premier Slalin announced Satur day in a special order of the day Proskurov and Tarnopol formed the right and left anchors of Ihe Germans central Ukrainian line through which Marshal Gregory Zhukov drove a giant 60mile long wedge almost to the border of Bu eavina to the south Proskurov had held out stubbornly for weeks against the Russian drive Moscow official vestia proclaimed Saturday that Ihe Germans have been pushed 3 Women Are Given Terms for Espionage Detroit Grace Bu chammDineen sometimes called a countess and 4 other Dc troiters who pleaded guilty to conspiracy to violale Ihe war time espionage acl were sentenced ot varying prison terms in federal court Saturday BuchaiutiOinccn called leader of thecroup by the fed eral bureau of investigation and a government witness before he grand jury was sentenced to 12 years Stiffesl sentence went to Mrs Theresa Behrens a German American secretary of the inter nalional center of Ihe Detroit YWCA She was sentenced to 21 ears imprisonment She faintcc the courtroom Others sentenced were Mrs innna Elise Leonhardl 5 years er husband Carl John W Leon arclt 10 years and Walter Jo eph Abt 10 years Sentencing of Jlrs Mariann foil Mollke wife ofa suspendc German language instructor a iVayne university Detroit wa deferred The United States dis riet attorneys office said lha she bad been making additiona statements and that investigatioi of the information had not bcei completed Leonhardt was one of the found ers of a branch of the nazi part here and Abt was a research en gineer and tool designer for De trpit war plants Both were nntui alized citizens With 2 other men and 4 womo HAF Dumps 2800 Tons on Berlin But Loses 73 Bombers in Fights back lo the border where the war started by Russian armies mass ing in the foothills of the Car pathians along the upper Dnies ter and almost within sight of the Prut river tte are fighting where we fouslit in the summer of an Izvcslia dispatch reported from le southern front where syn information regarding those who chronized drives by 3 red armies are not acceptable for military I appeared lo have doomed all Gcr sci vice 1 man Positions cast of the Balkans 2 Their classifications will be j Tlle rirst rmy of the Ukraine i reconsidered faster than before was on tlle balk because Hershey ordered a halt to co us id era lion of men 20 and over until each local board has gone through ils list ol younger men This policy applies to all men witfi occupational deferments ncluding farm and also to those still in 3A by reason of depend 3 The expiration dates of their deferments no longer have any meaning If a local board gels around lo Joe Doakes in 2A and decides he ought lo be in IA he goes in 1A at once even if his deferment supposed to run a couple of months longer 4 If they are found unfit for military service or fit for limited service only their draft board can give them occupational defer ments instead of putting them in 4F or 1L This was expecled to put more men in essential jobs and improve the manpower situa tion FourFs are not subject to some manpower regulations on job transfers To men in the 2638 age group who are in 3A or hold job de ferments the newregulations mean a delay in reconsideration of their cases The length of the delay depends on the situation in each local draft board The armed forces are primarily interested in young men just now but this doesnt mean all calls can be filled from men under 26 For example the new rules do not halt induction of men over 25 who are already in IA llershey also notified his state directors of an interim plan foi recommending deferments for in Rliano river the enemy shelled j dispensable young men to be tiscci 1 Minturno without damage Pa ur trolling was reported elsewhere on the main front On the Anzio beachhead below Rome 5th army artillery stopped a number of enemy tanks Two tanks were knocked out east of Aprilia near the center of the beachhead perimeter and 5 oth ers fired upon by artillery were believed destroyed near Cisterna A patrol clash was reported near Aprilia Enemy artillery kept up a ceaseless pounding of allied beachhead positions Thursday night and all day Friday con centrating on the Aiuio and Kctluno areas The weather xvas cloudy with showers on both 5lh army fronts Early Friday artillery dispersed an enemy party wheeling 88mil limeter guns into position south east of Tollo Enemy observation post buildings north of Tollo were engaged by tanks and selfpro pelled guns north of Tollo with I good results1 The weather was cold with some rain and snow in the mountains Unescorted Billy Mitchell medi um bombers attacked enemy lines around Cassino Friday concen trating on Piedmonte and Castro cielo 5 and 10 miles west of the town while other Mitchells ham mered industrial targets at Ieg horn on the west coast north of Rome he Dniester for a smash into Bu covina province of prewar Ru nania The 2nd was slashing i toward the Prut border of Ru nania The 3rd was rolling back the nose ot the tottering German salient along the Black sea A German communique admit ted that vancing die Bug Dniester in Bessarabia and had driven southward from the Tar nopolProskurov line revealed by Moscow to have been shattered in a push down to the Dniester The communique reported fighting northwest of Kovel rail center only 40 miles from Ger manoccupied Poland and claimed tthat soviet attempts to force the lower Bug at the other end of I the southern r o n t w c r c 1 thwarted j Front dispatches said Marshal Gregory K Zhukovs first army had caught the Germans off bal ance in his wheeling drive 62 miles southward from the TariiD poIProskurov sector The Soviets raced southward with little dif ficulty scattering German regi ments the biggest units mentioned as opposing the powerful red army columns The advance was so swift lhat Ihe Russians captured 2 trainloarts of intact tanks in the freight yards at Gnsyatin Another soviet unit seized 800 German trucks dis patches said In Bessarabia Marshal Ivan S Konevs forces pushed west ward toward Zagaikiny nearly in sight of Ihe Prut river and struck southward into the outskirts of they were accused of conspirin to obtain information concernin the war effort in the Detroit in dustrial area and transmit it I nazi Germany Dr Fred William Thomas a DC troit obstetrician and only one the group of 8 lo stand trial wi convicted and sentenced a for night ago lo IS years imprisoi merit Berlrand Sluart Hoffman merchant seaman was declare mentally incompetent as he about lo go lo trial and charges against him were dismissed Sub sequently a probate court jury found him sane Besides the 8 arrested here 16 others were named in indictments as coconspirators but not defend ants Most of them the federal bureau of investigation said main ST1LWELLS FORCES MOVE Ul ON 1AS IN troops of Lt Gen Joseph Stilwclls Americantrained Chinese forces cross the Tanai river in Burmas Hu kawng valley as they continue their advance into Jap territory The Japs have evacuated the strategic river area because ot heavy losses in the nearby jungles sion to Germany Others were axis agents said by the FBI to have tutored the Detroit group in spy work Among them were Gyula Rozinek whom the FBI identified as a master spy recruiter for the gestapo and his wife Sari De Hajek 1 Allies Cut Of I Pathof Japs Retiring in Mogaung Valley New Delhi and Chinese forces have captured the village ol Shuduzup in northern Burma tu cut off the path of Japanese 15 MINERS ARE KILLED IN BLAST Half Acre of Ground Torn Up by Explosion Shinnsloh Va mighty explosion which lore up a half acre of ground killed 15 men Salurclay while Ihey were trying to put out a fierce fire ill a central West Virginia coal mine Spewing flames which charred telephone poles and melled steel cars 150 feet from the mine the force of the blast was so great as lo preclude any hope for the men inside First reports were that 14 men Balli main rail junction of upper j had died but cotifustion over LORENZEN GETS LIFE SENTENCE Put Poison in Wifes Vitamin Capsules Ida Grove zcn 58 Ida county farmer found guilty of first degree murder here on March 15 in connection wilh the poison murder of his wife was sentenced to life imprisonment al hard labor at Fort Madison Satur day morning by District Judge Bruce M Snell Only 30 persons were In lhc courtroom when Judge Snell pro nounced sentence and Lorcnzcn displayed no emotion as Ihe judge told him he hnd been convicted of CHURCHILL TO SPEAK SUNDAY Will Probably Rally Britain for Invasion down the ijlogaung valley before an advance of Lt Gen W main army it was announced Saturday Brig Gen Frank Merrills j American forces and Ihc Chinese wiYf rally Brl ilvsl i lli lo fcvci I111 for lhc in vasion of western Europe in a worldwide broadcast at 9 p m London Minister nmy the cast flank lo calch an undetermined number of en emy troops between Shaduzup and the main Chinese force pressj tig down the valley from Jamhuj limn lhc mountain dividing lhc I Modulus from lhc Ilukawng ley lo Ihe norlh a southeasl Asia Ida Grove command communique reported A front report from Slilwells ENTERS INNOCENT PLEA Oltumwa fP G E Rhoads former police commissioner pleaded innocent in district court Friday on a conspiracy charge glowing out of an alleged gami iiling and liquor payoff in Otj lumwa Trial is next month new mlcragcncy com names of 2 men delayed compila permanent ma Inccssant soviet armored blows lion of the dcalh list for hours chinery moving Under the interim the explyosion plan government claimant agcn was delei mined that one man bc cies such asODT for transporta iazi orders to stand tion WPB for factories and so on and fight to the lasl while another had lakcn his place will indorse rcquesls for defer numucr of Gorman The flic was so fierce inside ments and send them to the stale courtmartialed the No 4 mine of the Kathcrinc publicjy for cowardice front re Coal company that rescue crews The state directors are not com ports said in an effort to bolstei lad little hope of entering before pellcd to accept them late Saturday night or Sunday a crime headquarters said the main Chi nese force was making slow but sleady progress into the valley while a British commando force of Gurkas in the Fort Hertz val j ley some GO miles lo the north east was advancing down the road from captured Siunprabum toward Ihe big Japanese supply base at Myitkyina 80 miles south On the central front on lhc In dian side of the Burma border a to which it would be hard column south of the to find an equal Sheriff Charles Youslin da county said he would PalclTamu road which is driv oT ling toward Irnphal capital of In take ciiis Manipur suite lias midc Lorenzen lo Forl Madison Sunday j some lurlher progress to the north tiic communique p m CWT Sunday Churchills speech will be car ried in the United States by the 4 radio networks lie already has lold American invasion forces that they will slrikc soon and only Friday said allied commanders were in lhc midst ol most anxious and in spiring weeks when all thoughts are turned to striking the great blow which may bring peaceand freedom nearer to the men of all the united nations and indeed to all the world He will carry with him to the microphone vivid impressions of allied slrenglh as emphasized in his 2 day lour of American inva FIERCE BATTLE REPORTEDOVER REICH AT NIGHT Large German Fighter Force Attacks 1000 Big British Bombers London major pail oC 000 RAF bombers fought through jne of the bitterest night sky bat les of the war Friday night and lumped 2800 tons of bombs on Berlin in the final drive for the complete obliteration of llieGer nan capital Seventythree British bombers were shot down over Berlin and olhcr largels by large forces of CJcrman night lighters which the Berlin radio said started attack ing the mighty RAF armada as it crossed Helgoland in the North sea and fought it all the way to Lhc capital Germany claimed 102 bombers were shot down in the long run ning right which culminated in an hourlong battle over the cap ital as formation after formation roared over starting new fires in that hub oC nazidom in the IGth major RAF1 raid since Nov 18 In the 5wceks interval in the RAF blows American heavy bombers had hit the capital 5 limes in daylight The British air ministrys report said that Kiel also had been hit by the nighl raiders along with oth er objectives in western Ger many1 A German broadcast said Leipzig and Weimar also had been hil but the air ministry did not name these as targets Friday nights b o in b load equalled the record load loosed over Berlin the RAF raid of Feb 15 but fell short of the alltime mark of 3360 tons dumped on Frankfurt Wednesday As Ihe British armada streamed eastward a bout 100 German bombers broke through Londons aerial barrage to blast at the Brit ish capitals business properties dwellings and churches with tons of incendiaries in the longest raid in 12 months Eleven were shot down It is clear Ihe British have suffered one of their heaviest de feats in the battle of Berlin said a German broadcast describing the savage attacks of the reawak ened German air force The stream of enemy bombers reached the German capital from a northwesterly direction it con tinued For almost one hour they were lie target of German night fighters which had taken off in large numbers The bomber for mations approached under a cloud cover favorable for attack yei the German fighters dived down on them The air encounter started over Helgoland and stretched to Berlin The bomber formations wcie fought continuously during their flight over rcich A British announcement de scribed Berlin as the main ob jective of night operations in sion bases in England in company strcnRlli over Germany The wilh Gen Dwighl D Eisenhower German radio said other British Lorcnzen was accused of putting poison in his wifes vitamin cap sules She died on Oct I HH3 after inking one of the capsules about 8 oclock the previous eve ning In sentencing Lorcnzcn Judge Snell said You have been con victed of a crime which is hard to find an equal for cruelty By your action you have forfeited your right to live in freedom in or ganized society You stand before the bar of justice You stand con ictcd of a terrible crime The law is being merciful to you You stand as a horrible example lhat crime does not pay edged Norlh of the rnad which links Iniphal wilh the Kabaw valley of Burma anolhcr enemy force cap Lnrcd a British position with a slronpr attack Thursday but Brit ish and Indian troops countcral lackcd Friday to retake the point Adm Lord Louis Mountbattens headquarters announced The enemy also carried out 2 raids at other points along the road itself but these had little effect nud the raiding parties have been forced to withdraw the communique said An observer with the British i Mih army reported from the front being supreme commander of western bomber formation raided Leipzig front forces j and Churcjiitl completed his inspcc1 The attacks followed daylight tion tour Friday at an infantry blows by IT S heavy bombers base where he told Ihe American against Franklin and Schwein soldicrs that they could aproaeh fui t and the French airfields of the impending struggle with Nancy and St Dizicr in thc 19th feelings of the utmost confidence and Diplomatic quarters believed Churchill also will dwell at length on the allied atlitudc toward the Atlantic charter dealing exhaus tively wilh interpretation of pas sages dealing with no territorial aggrandizement and other clauses L TL hal the Japanese were being W hlCn 1 neV punished severely at every slage r 1 TV I ncr advance up ihc Kabaw Bought Were Diseased File Suit across ihe upper JAP FREIGHTER BEACHED AT NEW BRITAIN BASE Victim of allied bombs Dctroil and Harvey C Fruehauf trailer manufacturers and livestock fanciers filed suit for S 100000 in circuit court here against Charles E Sorcnsen for mer Ford Motor company olfi cial charging he sold them hogs infected with Bangs disease The Fruehaufs who operate a farm near Cedar Rapids Iowa alleged lhat 33 of the 293 animals which they bought for S37000 were infected Harry S Toy attorney lor Sor cnsen countered the suit with a j charge lhat the hogs got the dis ease after the sale while being i j boarded at Ihc Sorcnsen farm by valley and Chindwin The German DNU agen cy reported in a Tokyo dispatch that Ihe fall of the town of Tamu jusl inside Burma is to be reck oned with The nazi dispatch said the Japanese column in this area would mcel another spear head moving up the Manipur riv er 20 miles from Imphal As the enemy moved slowly along the road which runs like a spine up the lowlying malaria infested Kabaw valley he was being hil from every angle front dispatches said Whenever he bumped into an allied outpost or slrongpoint he received a heavy blow Were giving him a bloody nose one commander said 3lh air force mission in March breaking lhc record of IS operi tions for a month cslablishcd in February Berlin was attacked by day light Wednesday by a great American armada of up to 750 forlreibCo and liberators escorted by around 1000 long range fight ers Hundreds of fires were left burning Tilt lasl big attack in the night Buy War Savings Bonds and i battle ol Berlin took place Feb 15 Stamps from your GlobeGazette j 500ton iivaull the biggest carrier bny j single air attack of the war up lo lhat time r r j i y About 500 bombers nnd 500 Weather Report RAF I look part m Fridays daylight raids arul encountered little oppo sition although 2 of the targcl5 relating lo enemy countries Japanese freighter is awash on the beach at Vunapopc south of on New Fruehauf hcrcUmcn lie said the Britain island Jap supplies of food and ammunition arc piled on the beach while in ground is a coconut plantation Official United States army air forces photo fccied animals Buy War Stamps from carrier boy and Gazette FORECAST Masin City Fair Saturday and Sunday colder Saturday nighl lowest lempcralurcs in Mason Cily IB nol quite so cold Sunday afternoon Iowa Partly cloudy Saturday night and Sunday Colder east and south central portion Sat urday night Warmer Sunday Minnesota Mostly fair Saturday nighl and S u n d a y Colder southeast portion Sain r d a y nighl warmer Sunday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazelle weather statistics Maximum Friday 46 Minimum Friday night Ki At 3 a m Saturday 24 YFAR AGO Maximum M Minimum 35 Frankfurt and Schweinfurt had been heavily defended in the past The raids cosl bombers and 5 fightc The fighters destroyed 2 aircraft on the ground and a 3rd as it was taking off The Germans struck back at Friday night with the longcsl raid in 12 months burning and blasting churches houses and business properties with tons of incendiaries Five of an attack ing lorce which broke through the capitals thunderous and virtually continuous bar rage early Satur day in fresh attempts to set fires were brought down i One of the damaged churches i was known throughout lhc world j as a mccca for sightseers The virar said the tower was burned mil and lhc nave set afire hut the allar was undamaged lie aid a wedding would he held in lhc 1 church Ulcr Saturday
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