Get 1 more page view just for clicking
to like us on Facebook
Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - March 18, 1944, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT Or C v i THE NEWSPAPER THAT GtVZMOtt MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION VOL L Associated Press and United Press Full Leased Wirrs Five Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA SATURDAY MARCH 18 1941 NO 140 RUSSIAN FORCE IS WITHIN SIGHT OF BESSARABIA Troops Pour Into Dniester Valley Over Flooded Streams Mud BULLETIN London UR The red army surged forward lo the eastern bank of the Dniester river Sat urday night hurling German Field Marshal Fritz Erich von Mannsteins shattered forces back into prewar Rumania Moscow massed cav alry infantry and tanks of Mar shal Ivan S Konev pouring deei into the valley of the Dniestei across flooded streams and muc fields were within sight of Bes sarabia Saturday The latest soviet communiqui said hc red army had smashed forward to within 11 miles of the Dniester the prewar boundary of Rumania and the offensiv was unchecked In one sector Russian units cap lured Tomashpol and drove t within 12 miles of a good highwa which extends northeastwari from Mogilev Padolski ancien border town and a highway cen ter on the network of roads run jiing to Rumania and Czechoslo Ivakia At the northern end of th Ukrainian front Marshal Gregor Zhukovs new drive swept on froi Dubno in eastern threat eningthe large area east ot th headwaters of the Bug river H Iroops were less than bO mile from the Curzon line and peared lo be spreading in severj directions Bad prevailed bctwcc Dubno and the Bug and the wheatfields were knee deep mud The mosl significant feature of the capture of Dubno was the communications advantage gained hy Ihe Russians A hardsurfaced highway runs northwest into Lutsk SO miles away and another into 85 miles to the south west The Russians already were Hvithin 70 miJes ofrwows In the southern sector 2Russian armies were making steady prog ress toward Nikolaev and Odessa the 2 Black sea ports The former a onetime Russian naval base was virtually neutralized by Rus sian forces pressing in from 3 sides and by soviet artillery which commanded the roads leading into the town The Russians said they had captured places only 15 miles northeast of the city Daring Assault by Gliders and Air Transports in Deep Jungles of Burma Revealed By FRANK L MAIITIN On Hie IndiaBurma Frontier American engineer and British infantrymen landed by American gliders and transports have carved out an ail strip and land base behind Japanese lines in north central Burma and placed a strong squarely across supply lines link ing the enemys northern and southern armies Details of this daring assault were disclosed Saturday nearly 2 weeks after the operation estab lished a strong allied position more than 100 miles south of where Lt Gen Joseph W Still well with his Chinese and Amer ican regiments is driving south ward to clear the way for a new supply line to China The British uud Indian infan try forces were flown into the Burma jungle frum India bases by a special air commando task force first proposed at the Que bec conference of President Roosevelt and Prime Minister Churchill Commanded by Col Phillip G Cochran ol Eric Pa the special air unit was whipped into shape by the United States army air force as a solution to the problem of getting a strong ground force into the heart of Burma without struggling through the mountain ous jungle Cochran is known as the orig inal of the cartoon strip charac ter Flip Corkin The bold attack caught the Japanese completely by surprise Allied forces established the air base and fanned out into a wid ening offensive east and west out of their new strongbox southeast Massed U S Bombers Lash Goals in Southern Germany JACKIE COOGAN to Alight i U YOUTH ON scenes are tfoni the Grand Rapids Mich courtroom where 1G year old David Filgas was treed ot murder charges in the death ol his 17 year old sweetheart Patricia Winters last Dec 11 IMiss Win ters was found dead in the burned interior o Filgas car Top photo Mrs Harold Winters mother of the murder victim is shown testifying while John Filgas and his ac cused son bottom photo listen intently NEW KED in dicate Russian drives on the southern front where Moscow reported red army forces have captured Vapnyarka and No vaya Odessa Vapnyarka is a junction in the railway running northwest from Odessa Novaya Odessa lies on the east bank of the BUST river north of Nikolacv Shaded area is Germanheld ACQUIT YOUTH IN DEATH OF GIRL Sweetheart 17 Died in Blazing Automobile Grand Rapids Mich circuit court jury deliberated 2 hours and 43 minutes and acquit ted David Filgas 1C laic Friday on murder charges growing from the torch death of Patricia Win lers the youlhs 17 year old high school sweetheart The jury reported that it found the Greenville Mich boy not guilty of slaying Miss Winters whose charred body was found in the youths flamegulled car the morning of Dec 11 The boys mother Mrs John R Filgas was outside the court room in a corridor when the ver dict was returned Through the door she heard the excited screams of the crowd of teenage iris in thecourt room Mrs gas fainted Before leaving the court room each ol the 12 jurors shook hands with the young defendant and to each of them he murmured Thanks1 The case was tried 5 days be fore Judge William E Brown Prosecutor M e n s o R Bolt charged in his closing argumenls to the jury of S men and 3 wo men that Filgas struck the girl when she resisted his advances after they had driven lo a lonely spot near Bass lake after a higl school dance Defense Counsellor Jay W Linscy contended that no evidence had been presented to prove thai a jnurdcr had been committed j Churchill Hopes for Decisive Stages in All War Theaters in 44 London Minister Churchill expressed the hope Sat urday that the war in nearly ev ery theater reach decisive slages this year In a message lo the salute the soldier fund campaign the prime minister said During this year the men In Ihc British armies will be engaged in j nearly every theater of war throughout the world in what we hope may prove lo be Ihe decisive stages in this great conflict attempted to murder the girl he said The boy had testified thai he and Patricia drank 2 boltles of i wine arid necked in the auto nobilc He told the court that his mind went blank after he drank he wine that he did not remem ber how the car caught fire DISTRIBUTOR OF GAS ACCUSED 10 Affiliated Filling Stations Also Named Des Moines Des Moines jasoline distributor and the opera tors or employes of 10 affiliated filling stations were accused Sat urday by a Des Moines district of fice of price administration offi cial of having engaged in exten sive gasoline black market opera lions Donald D Holdoegel enforce ment attorney for the OPA here said he had applied for an order suspending the rights of the dis tributor and the 10 persons ac cused with him to deal in rationed articles or commodities The application was filed with the chief hearing commissioner of the OPA regional office in Chi cago Holdoegel said District Judge Loy Ladd of Des Moines had been named to preside as an OPA commissioner at a hearing on the petition on March 25 of Myitkyina before the Japanese discovered that their supply lines between north and south Burma were in danger of being cut The first elements landed at night more than a week ago I was on the field when the first American gliders filled British assault troops and Ameri can engineers took off They were equipped with machinery to make lines u landing strip quickly to pave the way for the major attacking force wailing at bases on the In dian side In preparation for the invasion bombers and fighters from an American air base in India lashed at Japanese supply lines and troop concentrations and in one quick operation destroyed onefifth of the enemys air strength in Burma As soon as i hoy landed in Bur riial British assault troops leaped from the gliders and raced lo stra tegic positions around the valley American engineers unloaded machinery from the gliders and began making an air strip for the transports which were to bring in the fighting force Working with mules during the night and all the next day they smoothed off the floor of the val ley Some 21 hours later the air drome was completed and Ihe first transport with troops and mules landed A huge generator built into one glider furnished electricity for landing lights along the strip For 2 hours the transports landed or look off from Ihe field at the rate of one every IT seconds Even while the transports were bringing reinforcements into the f miles farther south and lished a 2nd airport and strong hold Several gliders were forced lo The Kid Plays His Hardest Role American Air Commando Head quarters Burma Frontier Jackie Coogan The Kiel in laltered cap and grimy sweater who roamed Hollywoods movie streets more 20 years ago played a tough er role in the recent allied air borne invasion of northern Bur ma landing i troopjammed from plane on a makeshift jungle lr FLOID BATTLES RAGE ON PEAKS NEAR CASSINO Steadily Reduce German Positions in Rubble Caves in Hillsides Allied Headquarters Naples troops are driving Ihe Germans from one strong point after another in the southwest corner of devastated Cassino and the rugged hills extending from the town to the monastery above headquarlers announced Satur day The Germans continued to hold out in Ihe corner of the lowi against a closelycoordinated al lied infantry lank and air attack Fluid fighting raged around tin peaks and ridges in the hills wcs of lhc town witii the allies los ing one height lo a German coun terattack Indian troops how ever firmly held 2 others whic they had captured New Zcalandcrs and Indian were reducing one by one th German positions in Cassino rubble and the caves in the hill sides Allied tanks moved int Cassino Thursday night alter ing been held up by huse crater airstrip far behind the Japanase Wednesdays air bombardment trcmendoii Now Flighl Officer Coogan he brought his glider down safely and returned to describe the haz ardous landing as just like com ing into Kansas City airport Another transport pilot who flew with the jungle invaders was Lt John K Buddy Lewis Gas tonia N Car former star inlield cr for the Washinglon Senators Coogan told a U P correspon dent that 1 had a nice smooth landing We didnt have anything to worry like the other boya u into he said Our field was covered with high elephant grass about 1 or 5 feet high Btit the thing I am proudest of is my tow plane pilot He did the most beau tiful job of navigation 1 have ever seen He put me right over the field Only purled patrol activity was re on the Anzio bearhhea Coog flying the leading glid er leaped out as the craft stopped and fired a signal light for other approaching gliders it was an nounced Until higher officer HEADS HOSPITAL Cherokee Reappolnlmcnl of Dr Charles F Oberniann as superintendent of the stale hos pital here for another 4year term I arrived and look charge he di recled the landing operations In the glider with him were a dozen Indian troops who bran dished knives as they leaped from lhc craft jringmg reinforcements into me i o i irst field a 2nd glider assaull PJac npcprl orce landed in the valley a few rigS OtUClentS on Way to School II was pure accident that lhc has been announced by Ihe slale car got on fire not because Filgas board of conlrol Luverne Air Gunner 47 Has 225 Combat Hours to Credit By RALPH C TEATSOKTH United Press War Correspondent Advanced Air Base New Guinea Sgl Irvin U Chap a few f man ii year old gunner on a liberator bomber in the 5th air force field in wants to fly 500 combat hours if doctors will permit him He now has about 225 hours toward the required before he can receive a furlough Chapman who was president of Ihe Luverne Iowa Chamber of Commerce is tail gunner on the liberator Naughty Blue Eyes in Ihe Jolly Roger bomber unit In a recent raid on Chapman and 2 other 325 Lb Woman Drops Suddenly Out of Sight Los Angeles UR Mrs Jeniel Reesse 22 year old 325pound housewife was chatting with a neighbor over the back fence when she suddenly dropped out of sight Peering over the nciuh bor found Mrs Recssc 12 feet down in an abandoned cesspool Wewak Runners were credited with destroying a zero Chapmans son Sgt Bob Chap man 21 is stationed about 70 miles from him but the 2 have not met for about a month Asked why he enlisted at his age Chapman said I was in the hardware busi ness at Luycrnc before the war and I decided I ought lo be doing something so I enlisted My fa ther is running the business while I am gone Business had fallen off anyway Luverne is a nice town of about 650 population Chapman won 9 citations in a year of action on the Italian and Austrian fronts in World war I Charman of his local draft board Chapman enlisted in No vcmber 19 12 He had tried to cn j list richt after Pearl Harbor but il took nearly a year to make it After congress raised the asc limit he sot in as an aircraft in vtrumrnt specialist and was sent to a west coast base for rainhis He answered a call for volun teers to try out for aerial gun ners lie passed the physical cx cut their tow ropes over the moun tains and radio instructions were sent out to tell them where to go to receive help Most of the troops were mak ing their first air trip and it was the first glider trip for all the fighting men Some of the gliders crashed into the nearby jungle or collided with j empty gliders ahead Capt Donald C Tullovh Ogdcnsburg N Y who was one of the first to land in a glider set up a first aid sta tion on the edge of the field for the injured Later Tulloch organized night searching parties for men who landed short of the field British assault troops stacked their guns when returning patrols reported the valley free of Japa nese and helped the Americans drag crashed gliders off the run way Often gliders passed within feet of men working on the the dark Ammunition carrying p a r a chutes covered the valley floor for hundreds of yards around and hung from trees At dawn the first funeral was held for 4 American and several British sol Chicago the pigs wanted to acquire an education but anyway they chased the stu dents of suburban Lotus school both to and from class The teacher Miss Arlene Lewin filed the proper complaint with the sheriffs office and lhc farmer owner promised lo restrain the quest for education atid on the 8th army front The Germans driven into tl southwest corner of Cassino we protected by supporting fire fro nazi positions on high ground Waves of Allied Planes Hit Nazis Above Beachhead With the 5th Army wt the Aiiziu Beachhead after wave of allied bombers struck at Ger man defenses ringing tile beach hcad below Home Saturday murn Tbc first waves In roar over Aimu were barely perceptible in Ihe early mornin light as they broke out of the clouds hanging over the harbor and dumped their bombs on the German lines just a few miles away The return of allied bombers to this area lifted morale on the en tire beachhead since the Germans for the 3rd nicht in a row had stepped up Ihcir own air activities iccpinir troops in foxholes and shelters The Germans apparently were nakhiff a determined aichl effort n knock out key installations The enemy planes were led into the arjict area by determined path indcrs The tenacity of the pathfinders n the flakfilled sky let one rank US officer to remark that the Germans were using their first team One slick of bombs fell in an advanced ambulance aid clearinB station killing 12 persons and woundinr 85 This bombing ap parently was not inlcnlional The German raiders made more than 30 passes al lhc port after the flares were dropped before un loading Ihcir bombs Sentenced for keeping Men n Peonage Helena Ark M Albert S ohnson Cross county cotton lanter accused of keeping persons n his planlalion in a slate of iconage pleaded guilty to 2 counts i federal court Saturday and was I entenccd by Judge Harry J Lem ey lo in prison The guilty plea was entered by ohnsons attorney Giles Dearing f Wynne Ark who said he bought the government had cs ablishcd prima facie evidence on ounls involving mistreatment of 2 Vegroes Clyde Miller and Shelly McKinney Tho Negroes formerly vorked on the Johnson plantation Judge Lemley denied a personal of the defendant for len ency slating thai some threats had been made to persons who were involved in the case Johnson originally was indicted by a fed eral court jury at Little Rock on 14 counts of detaining 11 persons Negroes and whiles on his planta tion by threats and intimidation The indictment charged that he refused Ihc workers opportunity lo pay debls and confiscated Ihcii ration coupons The number of counts was re duced lo 1 Friday when Judge LcmlcyUlismisscd f District Ally Sam Korcx asked that all remain ing counts be dismissed and that the government drop charges that Johnson had violated OPA price regulations llcven employes had charged Johnson witli taking their ration coupons from them juggling their accounts al his planalion commis sary threatening their lives and reducing them to virtual slavery HEADS LIVESTOCK COUNCIL DCS M o i n r s Yungclas of Webster City Friday was elected chairman of the Iowa Livestock C o u n c i 1 succeeding Wayland Hopley of Atlantic The council is composed of represent atives of beet cattle swine dairy sheep and horse and mule asso FINNS WILLING TO NEGOTIATE Only Slight Hope Held for Peace With Reds y IILISEKT UXKUIL Stockholm dis patches said Saturday that somi slight hope still was held in Fin land Unit peace negotiations will Russia may be continued despiti Finnish rejection of Russias orig imil armistice terms The newspaper Dajrcns Nyhete quoted wellinformed Swedis quarters as saying the Finnish re jily which was forxvarded lo Mos cow Friday expressed formal wil lo continue negotiations The dispatch reported thai th Finnish reply ignored mociifica lions in Ihe original lerms whic Swedish mediators were believe lo have relayed verbally lo Ih Finnish government The implica lion was that Finland might re consider her posilion if Russia fot nially offered the modifications The fate of the peace talks no1 rested with Moscow Jack Fleiscl er United Press staff correspom cnl at Helsinki said informc quarters there held out a sligh very slight hope that Ihe negolit tions may not be broken off hasnt been and MORE THAN 750 HEAVY PLANES MAKE ASSAULT Smash Through Nazi Fighter Opposition to Bombard Factories London cry strong forces of American heavy bomb ers smashed through German fighter opposition to attack tar gets in southern Germany Satur day U S strategic air force headquarters announced The heavy blow from British bases followed a smash at Vienna Friday by 4engined American bombers from Italy and an over night raidj by IAl mosquitos against undisclosed targets in western Germany A German broadcast recorded by U S government monitors said nuisance aircraft from the south again had penetrated nazi territory Saturday Alan Randal Canadian press staff writer in London said between 500 and 700 incrican planes staged the Fri ly assault on Vienna The German radio declared lat American bombers had into southwestern Ger iany at noon The phrase very strong forces sed in the U S announcement idicaled 750 to 1000 flying fort esses and liberators participated Saturdays assaults The huiubcrs Saturday smashed t aircraft iilaiits airfields and llicr war industries in southern ermany and were escorted by KhtniiiKS thunderbolts and mus anxs in very great strength the leadquarters announcement said This southern section of Gor nany has been hit day and night y allied air power as the month rogressed With its massive escort Satur days American air armada prob bly numbered between 1500 and 2000 planes 11 was Ihe 13th mission of the nontli for lhc American heavy joinbers which had iiit Berlin 4 imes and other scelions of Ger nanyG tunes before Saturdays issauit It was disclosed at Hern that 6 bombers from the American for mations attacking Germany had lauded at the Dubcndorf airfield Switzerland laic in the day four American bombers had landed in Switzerland Thursday and 3 others crashed there from the formations which struck at southern Germany lhat day The Berlin broadcast said the American bombers were escorted by fighters and were engaged in violent bailies by strong forces of the German air defense Running air battles continued across France and into Germany Ihe broadcasl said An anraid alert was sounded in Barfel Switzerland as the Ameri can heavy bombers droned on eastward Coasla watchers said some of the bomber formations leaving Britain required nearly an hour to cross the coast The procession of daylight at tackers WHS joined shortly aflcr II hasnt been and still isr easy for the majority of Finns i see Ihcir hope of an acceptable vi i peace fade into nolhing Fleischi out in lorce toward Boulogne on Ihe west and southwest of the town Allied infantry wen through a hurricane of mortar fire to engage the Germans in handtohand struggles New Zealand troops slatled an attack toward the railroad station at the southern edge of Cassino shortly before noon Friday and by 2 p m one or two tanks with some infantry were reported in the station Allied artillery encased 8 Ger man tanks and antitank artillery aminalion and when asked his birth date who is vouthful looking captain Chapman answered The captain thought he said nineteen seven and told him But that makes you 36 years old and lhc age limit is 35 However the captain permitted him to trim a couple of years off that story and passed him He has been in lhc soulhwest Pacific 5 monlhs He has a wife nt home arid a son William 23 who is working in a Detroit aircraft factory which lurns oul heavy bomrjcrs of the lype in which his flics Weather Report FORECAST Mason Cily Occasional light snow cr wrote Naturally this is harder for he minorily which strove so hard for peace and which was prepared generally to accept even what hey considered a hard peace But it would seem that even the majority which maintained that peace could not be made on such hard terms as they considered Moscows pro posals is unhappy about Ihc final turn in events Finland specifically objected to Hussian demands that she intern German Iroops withdraw her own i the bombers fkmk SnUircUiys bomber uui fishier foniys 1olkuved up farIHing blows diers who had glider crashes been killed by Tiny 2scalcr planes flying at treetop altitude landed and picked up the injured Hospital cases were flown back to an American commando base WaverlyMan80Is Killed When Team of Horses Runs Away Wavcrly Wilkens 80 year old retired farmer was fatal ly injured Friday in northwest Wavcrly when the team of horses he was driving bolted apparently frightened by factory whistles He was dragged for a considerable distance Wilkens was born in Ger falhcr many He leaves a daughter one brother and 2 sisters Saturday nighl and Sunday colder Saturday night lowest temperature about zero at Ma son City Pantry uent forward 15 Focke appeared suddenly and to Iowa Cold wave Saturday night under gunfire and bombings with temperatures dropping to both sides American cngii near zero in north and G lo 10 above zero in south portion by Sunday morning Continued cold Sunday Mostly fair Minnesota Mostly fair Saturday night and Sunday Colder ex ircme south and continued cold central and north portions Sat urday night with temperatures divebombed them but failed break the attack While the whole area trembled s from iicers Friday w h i c h Italybased American heavy bombers made the trip over the Alps and loosed heavy explosives on Vienna in old Austria and Britainbased allied planes resumed the attacks against comnuinico lions in France and Holland The Germancontrolled Vichy radio claimed that 22 bombers and 12 fighlcrs were lost in the Vienna attack adding that many planes were believed lo have crashed in snowdrifts over the Alps U S extradite all war prisoners and ot immediately civilian internees in advance of any formal peace negotiations ranging from to 10 beloxv north to zero to 5 below south porlion Sunday morning Not so cold norlh Sunday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazelle weather statistics Maximum Friday 27 Minimum Friday night 14 At 8 a m Saturday 14 YEAR AGO Maximum 23 Minimum 11 threw a bridge over the Ilapidn river to speed the inflow of in fantry and tanks The Germans threw18 fighterbombers against Ihe bridge bul failed lo dc slrjy it Prisoners said thai when tiic air and artillery bombardment began last Wednesday lhc Ger mans in Cassino took refuge in deep shelters they had prepared extensively under the town Cas ualties were severe they said bul the survivors wereable to pre sent stern resistance to the allied ground assault On the Anzio beachhead allied artillery and small arms fire broke up an atlcmplcd attack by about one company of Germans near the coast south of Cistcrna Otherwise except for intermittent artillery fire lhc beachhead was quiet Youth Is Accused of Terrorizing Town With Torch and Shotgun specify the number of planes fail ing to return but allied head quarters at Naples said II planes were lost in all operations of the Mediterranean air force Friday The Paris radio said 25 persons were killed and 30 wounded in a attack Friday on Oisc It referred apparently to i lhc American marauder blow the railway center of Brunswick Maine IB Creil M miles north of Paris I year old war worker accused of Friday nights forays ierrorizing this college town with i were the 13th of the month for lhc gun and lorch surrendered to poI allwood bombers and they made lice Saturday at Ihc bchcsl of Calholic priest Culminating a 27 hour hunt during which vigilantes patroled Ihe streets of Brunswick to pro tect their homes Jean L Gamache was taken by police in his home and placed in jail pending arraign mcnl on arson charges Gamache was unarmed when the assaults without loss In their steady scries of operations during March they have hit Berlin Iwicc Hamburg Duesscldorl and Frank furt once and attacked a number of unspecified targets Saturdays offensive grew to for midable proportions as the hours advanced with another great force of planes following the first waves police arrived and was suffering i from a cold lhat was so severe lhal it was feared he might have contraclcd pneumonia Hnv War Savings I5onds and Stamps from your GlobcGarcltc i carrier hoy
Once upon a time newspapers were our main source of information. Now those old newspapers are a reliable source for hundreds of years of history and secrets of the past. Now you can search for people, places, and events without the hassle of sorting through mountains of papers!
Newspaper Archive is the world's largest online newspaper database featuring over 155+ million newspaper pages. Plus our database expands by one newspaper page per second for a total of around 2.5 million pages per month! The value of your membership grows along with it.
Those looking to find out more about their forefathers can empower their genealogy search with Newspaper Archive. Within our massive database, users can search ancestors' names for news stories and obituaries. We must understand our past to understand our future!
24 hours a day Monday-Saturday
Your full introductory membership payment will be credited toward the cost of full membership any time you choose to upgrade!
"It is amazing how easy and exciting it is to access all of this information! I found hundreds of articles about my relatives from Germany! Well worth the subscription!" - Michael S.
"I love this site. It's interesting to read articles about different family members. I've found articles as well as an obituary about an uncle who passed away before I was born, and another about a great aunt. It's great for helping with genealogy." - Patricia T.
"A great research tool. Allows me to view events and gives me incredible insight into the stories of the past." - Charles S.