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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - March 6, 1944, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME COMP T OF HISTORY ANO ARCHIVED It S M 0 I N i I THE NEWSPAPER THAT GfVE MORE IN 44 MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION VOL L Associated Press and United Press Full Leased Wire Five Cents a Copyi MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY MARCH 6 NO 129 One Mans Opinion A Radio Commentary by W EARL HALL Managing Editor BROADCAST SCHEDULE KGIO Cily Sunday 4 p K11MO Hannibal Tuesday IMO p USUI City Thursday p WOI Ames Friday p m K3CJ Siuui Cily Friday Gil5 p How Long Should a President Serve OF the most holly conlro vcrlcd questions of the stems from the proposal that oui presidents be limited to the tradi tional 2 that the tenure be changed to a single term of years Either ol these ends would have to be accomplished by con stitutional amendment of course and appropriate bills have been drafted lor that purpose My own observation is thai people are prone to take sides or the general proposition on a basis of whether they do or dont like President Franklin D Roosevelt While those who dislike him arc aware that he would not be af fected by any con st i t ulicyia amendment started through the hopper now because of the time required they profess to be in tcrested in setting up bars agains any future multiple term chie executive or maybe against a 5tl term for Mr Tloosevelt Arguments are pretty much per serialized And therein lies the greatest weakness A very deer and farreaching principle of gov eminent is involved in the presi dential tenure limitation proposal Unless that principle is brough into focus and earnestly consid cred I frankly am a bit concernc over any decision that might b reached IT CAN be argued and with con siderable force that for this generation to adopt a constitu tional amendment limiting presi dential tenure is for us to limit the generations to come in the exercise of their democratic rights and prerogatives In the pure democratic concept the people ot a nation have the right to do any thing they to com rait suicide collectively Those who dinsto this general philosophy would say that by ma jority vote in 1940 when Presi dent Roosevelt was reelected for a third term with the tradition against third terms one of the major issues of the campaign the people themselves expressed them selves in a democratic way against the proposition of tenure limita tion in the white house In a free nnd open election lliey ruled that the third term tradition was not a disqualifying considera tion If we retained our democ racy no president would ever be returned to power a third time except by majority rule To deny future generations the right to 12 DIVISIONS IN NEW ADVANCES Sweep Near Important OdessaLwow Railway 500 Places Liberated WOUNDED HEAD FOR HOSPITAL SHII AT numberof wounded Ameri can and British troops lie on stretchers aboard a landing craft as it pulls close to the hos pital ship Leinster anchored offshore in Anxio harbor They arc casualties of the bitter fighting on the beachhead below Rome Medical corpsmen and Ked Cross workers accom pany them to aid in their transfer to the uncanionflaged ship This is an official U S navy photo Nazi Plans to Defend West Coast Disrupted Heavy Bombers Set Large Fires in Berlin Raid ANZIO FIGHT PROVES COSTLY German Casualties 24000S on Beachhead Anzio Beachhead Italy The Germans have suffered 24000 casualties in 3 abortive efforts to wipe out the allied beachhead be low Rome and the hard fighting of the past month has disrupted enemy plans for meeting the ex pected spring invasion across the English channel an authoritative source said Monday More important even than the heavy manpower losses from a v ISL tu stratccic point of view is the fact vote for whom they wished it can i lnat crack divisions which had be argued would be to presume llcc earmarked lo meet General for ourselves a greater wisdom than our posterity will possess the real question at issue then whether we shall continue our contemporary march in the direction of complete democracy or whether we shall return to the pattern of a representative de mocracy which quite obviously was in the minds of those who founded our republic Lets turn back a few pages of history and see if they throw any light on the subject Lets take a look at the constitution itself This document to my way of thinking stands as the one great est event in American history greater than any war even the Revolution which made it possi ble If Ihe Rcvolulion had not been followed by Ihc adoption rf the federal constitution it would I have been just another war Our 13 colonies were on the way to becoming 13 American Balkan states unlil the minds of great men caught the slcam of a united nation and translated it into a constitution Gladstone I think was wholly right when he referred lo it as Ihc greatest document ever struck forth from the brain and heart of man A study of the constitution re veals beyond question that its originators feared power and wanted to safeguard in every pos sible way its usurpatio in the hands one man or any body of Gold Wave Is Predicted for Monday Night Ucs Moiiies weather bureau Monday forecast a cold i wave for Iowa Monday liiglit and Tuesday withtemperatures dropping to zero in he northwest section of the state early Tuesday morning A fresh blanket of 2nd since in most sections of the state Sunday and Sunday night and it was still snowing in the eastern half Mon day morning The heaviest snow in Ihc slate was in the AmcsMarshalltown area Four and onehalf inches of snow fell during the night at Marshalltown making a total of Eisenhowers invasion arc tied up 12 inches now on the ground I During the 2 hours ended at7 The Germans had decided that j a m Monday inches fell at Ames making ground had decided that because of natural advantages of terrain they could hold the Italian front with 2nd class troops and were moving such the IMth the line it was learned They planned to move more crack units among them the Her mann Goering division the 26th panzer division the 15ih and panzer grenadiers and the 90th light infantry to the channel coast The Goering division was in fact already aboard trains when the unexpected landing at Anzio com pelled the Germans to retain all such divisions in Italy and bring in more troops from northern Italy Jugoslavia France and Ger many The Italian campaign is engag ing 19 German divisions of which 10 arc around the beachhead and requiring big replacements to make up for losses in killed cap tured and wounded Fewer German divisions are now in the Balkans A considerable part of this force is being engaged by Marshal Titos partisan army while general unrest in the region makes heavy garrisoning of other countries necessary Some divisions arc held in northern Italy to keep order An other sizable force is tied up in southern France lo meet the threat total of fi on the 6 DEAD AS BUS HITS SNOWPLOW 9 Others Injured Near Windom Mirm Police said 6 persons were killed and 9 The weather bureau City and i midwife was used men That fear lay behind the a invasion of the Riviera at Cherokee establishment of the 3 coequal Throughout France many troops branches of lrc required to keep resistance live executive and judicial To fKhcrs from saining control make sure that sovereignty would Bad weather is holding up pres forcver reside in the individual cnt Italian operations citizen rather than in government The defense of the Cassino area a bill of rights was subjoined to now is mainly in the hands of the constitution These look the parachute troops and the Germans form of the first 10 amendments I are further strengthening their fortifications They douoltlcss hope to make Cassino one of the epics of German military history Headquarters spokesmen said minimum temperatures of zero lo 7 above in the northwest and about 15 in the southeast portion by Tuesday morning Winds of 30 to 35 miles an hour were to accompany the cold The cold wave was expected to break Tuesday Highways throughout the state were open Monday morning but rain or snow made them icy and very dangerous1 in some sec tions the slate highway com mission reported Fort Dodge Charles Cedar Hapicl1 had 5 inches of snow on the ground Monday morning the weather bureau re ported DCS Moincs had 4 inches 2i of which was new Carroll had 4 inches between Saturday after noon and Monday morning Other snowfall reports total snow on ground at 7 a m Mon day morning some of which was from last Cherokee Coun cil Bluffs Mason City and Iowa City 4 inches Waterloo Du buquc 2 Sioux City Spencer Burlington and Davenport 1 Highest temperature in the state Sunday was 3fl at Spencer and the low Sunday night was 13 injured some critically when a Greyhound bussmashed into a partly hidden snowplow during a snowstorm Monday The names of all the dead were not disclosed immediately and the injured were taken to the city hospital The accident occurred during a blinding snowstorm on highway id between Winclom and Wilder The bus crashed into the rear of the highway maintenance ve hicle which had broken down Fren Langland Wilder member of the maintenance crew was un der the plow at the lime and was killed i Sheriff N J Bell of Cottonwood forecast county said the road was in good condition but blowing snow prob ably blinded the bus driver Visitor Serves as Midwife Learned How From Movie Xcw London P Henry Bel grade visiting at the home of ex pectant parents unexpectedly found himself in the role of a and while the falhct out searching a physician technique I learned about in a movie somewhere as lie ex pertly delivered a baby girl London The red army swept close Monday to the vital Odessa Lwow railway m a i n artery supplying the Germans in the Dnieper bend in a powerful new western Ukraine drive which Moscow announced has routed 12 nazi divisions and liberated more than 500 communities in 2 clays A soviet communique said the Russians were battling at tinap proaches to Ihc station of Volo chisk on the important line CO miles north of the Rumanian fron tier Severing of the railway would force the nazis to rely on poor roads and onetrack railways over the Rumanian frontier or on the sea for supplies or retreat Twenty salvos from 224 guns thundered in Moscow in celcbra lion of the new victories an nounced by Premier Marshal Jos eph Stalin in a special order of the day and by 2 soviet communiques Stalin disclosed Marshal Gregory K Zhukov was commanding the first Ukrainian army in the drive replacing Gen Nikolai K Vatutin who was reported ill The announcements said at least fiOOO nazis already have been slain in the push which cracked Ger man defenses on a 112mile front and surged forward up to 31 miles Joining with previously won posi tions in old Poland the new line gave the Russians a salient from Dembrovitsi in the north south west to Lutsk and then southeast to line about 1C5 miles long The German communique Sun day admitted breakthroughs and a Berlin broadcast said the Rus sians were attacking with at least 12 to 14 rifle divisions and 3 tank than 200000 men The soviet bulletin also an nounced that far to the north where the red army has estab lished a bridgehead across the Narova river in Estonia south oi Narva the Russians improvec their positions The communique ojade ho mention of thej fighting at Pskov gateway to the Baltics where the Russians last were re ported 5 miles north and east o the rail hub Moscow also reported that Rus sian torpcdo and attack planes had sunk 2 transports aggregating 14000 tons and a 700ton mine sweeper in attacks on a Germar convoy in the Barents Sea anc had damaged a 7000 ton transport The sea route is one which tin nazis could use either in with drawing or reinforcing their divi sions in northern Finland The Ukrainian drive Ihc com munique said liberalcd 14 large owns as the Russians advanced sou Hi west ward from Ihc Shepc lovka southern side of their westernmost salient into old Poland The enemy suffered enormous losses in manpower and equipment in all sections of the front the communique said An enormous amount of war material was cap tured and shattered enemy divi sions abandoned their artillery ammunition dumps and war ma j tcrial in Iheir retreat Advance Solicitation of Red Cross Over Top That donors in this community are responding to the increased needs ot the American Red Cross became evident in the first report Monday of the Cerro Gordo chapters participation in the 5200000000 nationwide war fund ff fff Mondays report was that the advance solicitation was over the top and that several hundred workers are deployed over a widely extended through snow in a door to door campaign or reaching business and professional persons and lab oring men in stores or factories Cerro Gordo countys share of the big war fund is S51500 Of that was allotted to an advance solicitation among larger lonors This advance solicitation has already yielded vith some still outstanding ac cording to Clayton Hart chair man of this phase of the cam paign It is our hope that others still lo be called on will follow Ihc example of those who have al eady given in responding lo in crease Red Cross needs both at lomc and abroad said Mrs Paul Prilchard general chairman of the campaign Contributions from clubs and other organizations will be wel comed in this campaign it was announced Two meetings arc scheduled this week for rural workers The first of these is at Rockwell Mon day evening for workers in Bath Owen Douxherty and Gencseo townships and the towns of Dougherty and Rockwell Wednesdav evening a meeting will be held at the Y M C A for workers in Falls Portland Mason and Lime Creek townships and the towns of Plymouth and Rock Falls Ralph Wilson head of tlie rural campaign in the east ern half of the county will be in charge of these meetings Roj Bailey is county chairman for the ruralsolicitation IN DKVISING these safeguards the shapers of the constitution didnt hesitate lo assume that thcy were wiser than those who would follow them in the development of our republic They had felt the heavy hand of governmental tyr anny and were taking no chances on forgetfulness of this tyranny in future generations They used every measure at their command to vouchsafe the rights of individual citizens as against each other no less thaff as against their government The rights of minority groups were very much in the thinking of those who drew up the constitution Be cause their concern was for funda Turn lo rase 2 20500 German troopers including many of Hitlers toughest veter ans had been killed or wounded since the original allied landing 6 weeks ago In addition 3500 prisoners had been taken The total was almost onequarlcr of the 100000 Ger mans known to have been drawn up around the beachhead peri meter 10 BELOW FORECAST FOR MINNESOTA Minneapolis UP Snow wast falling throughout Minnesota Monday as winter returned pVj plclc with falling temperatures j antl brisk winds i The weatherman said plummet ing temperatures were due in the northwest with 10 below sched uled to afflict North Dakota The official forecast for Minnesota 6 Killed When Flying Fortress Catches Fire Sioux Cily crew mem bers of a flying fortress were killed and 3 parachuted to safety when their bomber caught fire in the air and crashed in a cornfield 5 miles north of Merrill Iowa Saturday There were no lowans killed in the crash of the fortress which Lieut Col George A Blakcy sta tion commandant said was on a combat training flight from the Sioux City air base was a cold wave with tempera tures falling to zero to 10 below in the northwest portion ranging to zero to 10 above in the south west portion by Tuesday morning Moderate snow changing to flur ries and ending in the west por tion Monday afternoon and in the south portion early Monday night was promised Winds tip to 35 miles an hour with blowing and drifting snow Monday and dimin Allied casualties during that pe ishing Monday night completed the forecast riod naturally remain a closely guarded military secret but it can be stated that I hey arc consider ably smaller than those of the enemy A Buy Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GlobcGazcllc carrier hoy Snow Hindrance to Traffic Light snow fall of from 4 lo 5 inches on the average slowed down traffic but slightly Sunday night and Monday morning ac cording lo a roundup of reports from the railroads and bus stations in Mason City All highways were open with only a few slippery spots due to packed snow according to the highway commission The weather was reported colder in the western part of the district Monday morn ing Because Ihe snow fell on dry ground a great deal of it disap peared almost as soon as it fell causing but slight slowing down of the traveling public No drifting ot any great amount occurred Gillette Denies Political Meaning in Graven Move Washington G u y Gillette D Iowa snys his re cent recommendation of District Judge Henry N Graven of Mason City Iowa for Ihe northern Iowa federal judgeship had not the remotest political significance Gillette made this statement to reporters Saturday adding that he had made no commitments re garding his place in the polilica picture other than that 1 made years ago The Iowa senator had said at that time he hoped to retire when his present term ended It ex pires at the end of this year When Judge Cravens nomina tion for the judgeship vas sent to the senate by Ihe president last week there was some spec ulation that the white house might nave conditioned the ap pointment on Gillettes standing for rcnomination When Cerro Gordo county achieves its goal of in the Ked Cross war fund cam paign the whole Ked Cross symbol shown above will be blacked out Each arm of the cross represents S10000 for a total of S40000 and the center remaining Mondays report of blacks out one arm and something over half of another F JOHNSON DIES OF CAR INJURIES Was Struck by Auto at Street Corner Feb 29 CLAYTON HART Division Over Report Turks Demand Huge Arms Shipment for Entry Into War Charles City Frank Johnson 70 of Charles City who was struck by an automobile at a street intersection last week died at a hospital here at a m Monday The car was driven b Ezra Tubbs of Charles City Johnson suffered a concussion numerous bruises a fractured leg and fractured arm The accidei occurred Tuesday evening last week and Johnson has been in Ihe hospital since with recovery doubtful the past few days Johnson is survived by 5 sons and C daughters Funeral arrangements had not been completed Monday morning NAZI FIGHTERS TRY IN VAIN TO AVERT ASSAULT Running Air Battles Over Europe Last From 2 to 4 Hours 15 mile long parade of American heavy bombers thun dered across the lieart of Berlin for 30 minutes Monday and set i great fives in the stricken nazi I capital after smashing through a huge German fighter screen that fought vainly lo save the city from its first mass daylight as sault of the war Hundreds of flyiiiRfortresses and liberators accompanied by probably an cnual number of lonsraiiKc fiffhlers lashed at Berlin and iireliininary reports in dicated hey had succeeded in dc lugiiiir the city with bombs in spile of the furious de fense Nazi fighters swarmed up to challenge the great armada 100 nilcs west of the capital and fought them all the way to the arget across the city and along the homeward flight Returning bomber crews and fighter pilots however said the massed firepower of the fortresses and liberators and the ight screen of American fighters o v e r whelmed the German aerial de fenses Berlins antiaircraft batteries threw up a vicious curtain of fire but the nazi fighter pilots fought a hopeless battle all the way The American raiders flew through clear weather and picked out their argots easily through a scattered cloud formation At least 2 larjic areas of about one block seen spreading through the citj when the bombers turned away Bombardiers were able to dis tinguish such landmarks as the S nazi and they agreed J here was no doubt they had Will File Divorce Suit Against Rudy Vallee Ins Augeics Betty Jane Greer who married Coast Guard U Rudy Vallee i months ago said Monday they had parted a few days ago and that she would file suit for divorce SHOUT OF GOAL DCS Monies farmers planting intention sheets from 75 counties showed Monday that the planned soybean acreage For 1944 was 728500 acres short of the per cent increase sought by tiic Federal government Buy Savings Kiniils ami Stamps from ynnr carrier Imy Cairo Pi Reliable Cairo sources said Monday the Turkish government had flatly refused to enter the war or grant bases to VVtJalllCl the allies except on complete clc InilP VST livery of a huge volume of war L i mmrl materials which would require I Maso Cllv Much coklcr car i months to ship and prepare for use At Ihe same lime it was said that considerable political difficul ties had been thrown in the path of the British military mission which recently returned emptyhanded from Turkey The Turkish general staff it was slated on good authority here de clined to accept British estimates of Ihc worst the Germans could throw against Turkey it she lered the war In the specific case of possible air warfare the Turks were said lo have estimated Gcr man strength that given by officers blasted hell out of the target The German fighters rose in squadrons of 100 lo ISO planes as soon as the raiders appeared over the reich but most of them hung back until it became certain Berlin was the main objective Then they swarmed in to the attack concentrating their heav iest thrusts just as the bombers began their over the capi tal The fury of ihcir own flak bar rage however frightened most of the German fighters off and the real were repulsed by the bombers and their fighter escorts While the running fights in some instances lasted anywhere from 2 to 4 hours and the nazis described the action as one tile greatest aerial battles of the war veteran fortress crews said it did not come mi to the savage duels precipitated by the Bruns wick raids on Jan 11 and Feb 10 The Germans acknowledge Ihal Die bulk of he U S formations reached Berlin but said the at tack was not a real success and thai enemy quadrons were i driven otf tllcir whenever lhcy approached impdiiatit in I luslrial or communication cen lers1 i The Germans also claimed that 7 American had been cap 1 lured in tho vicinity of une com post Despite the nazis repm jf the great battle they nt up the first group of escorting mustangs to come back reported encountering only about German fighters about onetwelfth the size of some forces the Germans have put up said the Germans refused lo engage them So ivr went after Ihcin re wave Monday night u cnrKC R iicli zero to D x J who led the group I think hnl at least 8 without their doing much us fighters said Ber wavc Monday afternoon and Monday night lowest Tues day morning about 5 above at Mason Cily Tuesday continued cold decreasing cloudiness Mon day night Tuesday fair wind 25 to 35 miles an hour will drive snow Monday diminishing Mon dav night at 10 times above British inlelligcnce t Iowa Cold lowest temperatures zero to above in the north 5 to 10 in the south portion fair Monday night fair and continued colder j In Tuesday winds 20 lo 0 miles Q Vuun of rn hour Monday afternoon diminishing Monthly niglU Bomber Falls at Maxwell 6 Flyers Reported Victims Maxwell Iowa army bomber crashed near here during a snow and wind storm about 6 a m Monday and persons who in spected the wreckage said 6 flyers were killed It was not determined immediately whether any other flyers were aboard Robert Postal carrier who was among the first to reach the scene said one body was a short distance from the wreckage and at least 5 were visible in the debris The plane crashed on the Cleat Donahoo farm 2 miles north and 2 miles east of here The scene of the crash was 40 miles northeast of DCS Moincs Mr and Mrs Donahoo who 1 witnessed the crash from their bedroom window said an explos ion occurred before the ship fell and it was burning as it reached the ground It fell in a pasture about 80 yards south of the barn on the Donahoo farm and wreck age was still burning at 10 a m Wreckage revealed 9 pieces of luggage but only 6 bodies none as yet identified The plane was a motored bomber according to witnesses Minnesota Cold wave Monday night with lowest temperature zero to 10 below north and zero to 5 above south portion Con tinued cold Tuesday and Tues day night Moderate snow and blowing snow Monday after noon becoming flurries Monday night and fair Tuesday Winds fi5 to 35 miles per hour I lin whole despite tlie re peated bombings by trie RAF which has nuKic it the most bombcd city in Ihe world looked a long way fiom being flat tened And when people say theres TH move luftwaftc you can tell them Ihcyre nuts observed Sgt Charles W Icn y of West New York N J a waist gunner describing fishier opposition At least 8 or 10 squadrons of Monday afternoon and Monday thf night diminishing Tuesday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Sunday 34 Minimum Sunday night 22 At 8 a m Monday 22 Snow 4 inches Precipitation 13 inch YEAR AGO Maximum 1R Minimum 1 Precipitation Snowfall related Staff Sgt Eldon Newman of Scnath Mo Our escort was but they made a hell of a battle Those P51S took on tho whole luftwaffc The first official announcement said only that targets in the Ber lin district were hit without identifying them further or giv ing other details This surprise followup to Sat urdays icebreaker raid by one formation of bombers was a striking demonstration of the 8th i air forces might for it was the
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