Monday, February 28, 1944

Mason City Globe Gazette

Location: Mason City, Iowa

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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - February 28, 1944, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME C Q M P DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY AND ARCKIVCS DE3 UOINCS IA VOL L THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS Associated Press United PTSSJ Full Leased Wires One Mans Opinion A Badio Commentary bf W EARL HALL Managing Editor BROADCAST SCHEDULE KGLO Mison City Sunday p m JSHMO MinnlbJ Tucsdy p m WSUI Iowa City 1M p m WOJ Atncs Friday p m KSCJ Sioux City Friday p m Wheres Che Money Coming From UAVE you ever stopped to won 1 der why it is that our counhy seems to great est economic prosperity during and alter wars Its a condition that doesnt make sense because war is synonymous with destruc tion and waste Why is it then Theres an per haps a to that question in a Stuart Chase book recently off the press And in ex plaining why war brings pros perity in its wake Mr Chase lays the foundation for a postwar economy in which the national debt however large will not prove ruinous in any sense of the word It may even prove helpful The Chase book is titled Wheres the Money Coming From Economists the old school and orthodox money authorities are going to find much to quarrel with in the Chase book As in some his earlier Moneys Worth Men and Machines The Economy of Abundance Chase in this latest work develops his new concept of the essential natuie of money In his thinking money is a human con trivance to be used as a servant rather than as a master in our democratic economy TO SUPPORT that point of view he recalls that Hussia proceed ed into its first 5year plan in 1925 at a time when her currency had been destroyed in a runaway price inflation Italy went forward with her invasion of Ethiopia when she had no credit abroad and almost no gold Hitler built up historys greatest military ma chine when Germany was regard ed as insolvent Japan went into this war after 5 years of impover ishing war in China In 1939 he further recalls the United States congress de clined to appropriate 4 billion dol lars for highways conservation hospitals freight cars in the bit terlycontested bill It was widely held that the bll would lead to ruin and national bankruptcy Yet since the fall of France in 1940 congress has ap propriated almost S300 billions for times as much as the lendspend a large fraction ot it has already gone into tanks and guns Fsr from being ruined our national vitality has never been more vigorous and great financial moguls assure us that we shall be able to swing the national debt It is clear from these exam ples Mr Chase argues that what a great nation can afford in periods of crisis depends not on its money but on its manpower and its goods Russia Italy Germany Japan America all used money in the situations mentioned but money was obviously not the dom inant factor Manpower and ma terials were the dominant factor Yet at other times when crisis was not so acute the money for necessary tasks could not be found Unemployment insecurity want dragged on This is a puzzl ing paradox At certain times a nation can afford what at other times with no less money it can not afford At certain times we are afraid of national bankruptcy MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY FEBRUARY 28 1914 HOME EDITION ITTTTTi and at other times hardly a thought we give it Is there any way to smooth these ups and downs any way to balance be things we can afford in terms of money with the things we can afford in manpower and materials The methods used in total war produce results but they are pretty rough ones even in nonaxis nations Can more gentle techniques be designed for peace time which will also produce re sults These are the questions which Mr Chase attempts to answer in his thoughtprovoking book IN LOOKING forward to a na tional debt of at least S250 bil lions Mr Chase points to the Brit ish experience of being able lo bear a debt burden which isnt more than twice as great as the annual national income This same formula would require that Americas national income aftcr the War be held lo somewhere around S125 billions That is roughly twice the average national mcome for the past 20 years Can it be accomplished IMV Chase thinks we face the assignment with courage and in telligence and particularly if we get through the period when war industries are being reconverted to a peacetime economy and when 12 million men are being mustered out of war service Thats going to be our most trying time The convcnlional dollar backed up by gold has no place in Mr Chases thinking With Unilcd States in possession of about of the worlds gold bul ion the other nalions would in deed be facing1 a dreary prospect of establishing their currency sys tem on a gold basis Since virtim vnums crouched to escape sniper fir obliterated Battle Flares on Moletta River of Anzio Beachhead ftr niTinil uot ur nAllUN STARTS wnolo Ollllt 1UOJ United Slates currency has not Turn to Page 2 ens i sharp increase in fighting in o of the Moletta river southwest nr to was announced Monday as artillery dueling rose in Sten along the Anzio battle front Allied headquarters said British troops in that sector had stormed and captured 2 builaings that the Germans h ad converted into strongpoints Comparative quiet has existed heretofore along the Moletta which empties into the sea 11 miles above Anzio and ex tends almost due east to within a mile of Via Anziate the highway running from Anzio to Carroceto and Simultaneously with the increase in artillery fire an American cruiser standing close to shore poured shells into German sun positions Sunday Persistent German efforts lo in filtrale through ravines south of Garroceto were frustrated by American artillery a headquar ters announcement said Although adverse weather hampered both ground and air op erations Sunday allied patrols probed German lines on both the mam fifth army and eighth army fronts and A 36s divebombtd air fields in the Rome area and scored 16 hits on the docks at Ladispoli a little port north of the Tiber West of CasteUorle beyond the Gangliano on the lower fifth army front a British patrol en gaged a small enemy force inflict ing a number of casualties Divebombing and strafins at tacks by A16 invaders on the Lit tono and Guidonia airdromes near Rome in which haiftar was ex ploded highlighted the Sunday air operations Total fliffhts during the day were reduced o about 400 by bad flying weather Simultaneously with new air al tacks on enemy shipping off the Jugoslav coast the British de stroyers Tyrian and Teaser shelled German batteries at Vela Luka on the island of Korcula The enemy replied but caused no dam age or casualties Spitfires deslroycd II moiSc ve hicles others in an OPA Urges Old Stamps Be Used Up First Washington nations housewives got their first experi ence Monday in using the OPAs latest wrinkle to simplify shop Ping with ration tok The small climesized red and blue fiber tokens to be used as change for points when buying rationed food were described by the OPA as the nations contribu tion to point rationing The Brit ish devised point rationing but the tokens it seems are strictly 100 per cent American Here are the things to keep in mind when using them 1 AH blue stamps and all red stamps in war ration book 4 have a flat 10point value regardless of the figure appearing on the face 2 Thc red and blue worth a point apiece wilt be giv en in change when n purchase does not equal 10 points or a mul tiple thereof Until March 21 token ration ing will be complicated by the fact that some old stampsfrom books 3 and 4 will be good at face on the same basis as in the past These are green stamps K L and M in book 4 for pro cessed foods and stamps Y and Z in book 3 for meats butter cheese etc Those stamps will be worth 8 5 2 and 1 points OPA urged that they be used first to get them out of the way The new point plus token sys tem is expected to make book 4 last about 2 years New stamps valid now until May 20 are reel stamps AS B8 and C8 and blue stamps AB B8C8 D8 and E8 Red stamps will be come valid in sels of 3 every weeks thereafter blue stamps in sets of 5 at the beginning of each month lowan Killed as Car Turns Over Several Times Near Boone FINNS MOVING NEAR SHOWDOWN Report Nazis Ordered All Large Ships Held URi ap peared toward a showdown on a sepjiraie Monday amid reports that all large Finnish ships have been ordered to remain in German purls md a Moscow prediction that Saturday nights 600 plane raid on Helsinki would prove only a forerunner of still heavier attacks The Stockholm newspaper Tid ninffcn said that all Finnish ships over a certain size had been for bidden to leave German ports Though who save the order ivas not made clear the implication was that the Germans were bring ing pressure against Finland to continue the war on the side of the axis Less than 24 hours earlier a German foreign ministry spokes man warned that nazi troops in Finland would prove as hard to subdue in the event of Finlands capitulation as were those in Italy following Premier Marshal Pietro Badoglios surrender A United Press dispatch from Moscow commenting on the rec ord air raid on Helsinki speculated that Russia would step up pres sure in all departments in an at tempt to hasten Finlands with drawal from the axis Further Russian advances in Es tonia will enable the Soviets to build up more bases for attacks on Finland and it iias likely that the Russian Baltic fleet will re turn to action the dispatch said Thc soviet high command an nounced in its midnight commu nique that red nir force bombers left all Helsinki enveloped in flames that sent smoke billowing up to 10000 feet and were visible for 25D miles Saturday night A Finnish communique acknowl edged that the raid heaviest ever made on Helsinki caused consid erable damage and several fires j UIUULS in an eiacie damage ana several fires attack on enemy transportation in i The alert lasted for 12 hours fro central llnlv Boone Galen L Bennett 19 Ames was killed west of here Sunday in an accident in which his automobile turned over sev eral times County Coroner Garland Han cock said witnesses told him the Bennett car truck threw ron wheel and knocked down a tele phone pole before it overturned John Ellis 33 who was ridin with Bennett was injured slightly Ellis also is from Ames central Italy Other spitfires shot up 20 rail road cars in Jugoslavia in Ihe region o Sibenik Kittyhawks scored near inisses on 2 vessels near Sibenik harbor on the Jugo slav coasi and coastal nir force RAF spitfires bombed Corfu har bor installations The enemy flew approximately 20 sorties over the Anzio beach head aiming at allied ships and unloading areas One FoekWulfc 190 was shot clown there Two al lied planes were missing Sundays allied communiquo said fifth army troops repulsed 2 light German attacks on the Cas sideswiped a tow off its left front PUT DOLL IN STOVE Buffalo dolly was cold so i year old Matildo Sill placed it iri the oven Results Smoke fire men and charred dolly sino front Marine Bumps Into Car and Damages It lios Ansrcles are plenty tough Police Monday were searching for the indestructible leatherneck who according to an irate motorist crashed info his car while walking across the street Sunday smashing a headlight denting a fender and breaking a bumper tooth p m Saturday to 7 a m Sun day Swedish travelers returning from Helsinki said hardly a house remained in the capital wilh all ils windows intact while several important buildings including the university and barracks were damaged severely The central railway station and postofficc were damaged less seriously Electricity and water supplies were curtailed Many streets were left covered completely with debris from wrecked buildings a United Press dispatch from Helsinki said A por ter at Hotel Kaemp in the center of the city reported by telephone that She hotel habitable no longer REDS WITHIN 15 MILES OF RAIL HUB OF PSKOV More Than 210 Towns and Villages Liberated in Sweeping Advance London Russians an nounced Monday the red army had driven to points within 15 miles of the rail hub of Pskov gateway to the Baltics in a scythelike sweep which cut down fresh Ger man reinforcements and liberated wore than 210 towns and villages Tlie station of Maslogrotitsky from where a railway runs south 18 miles to Pskov was among the strong points taken in the drive while other Russau units reached tiny communities 2 and 3 miles nearer Pskov a soviet commun ique said Fur to the south in the lower Dnieper river bend the Russians announced they h a cl broken through several lines of nazi clug ouls and trendies soutl of Apos tolovo and had stormed into Nov orontSovka district center of the Nikolayevsk region wiping out more than a battalion of Germans Smashing on the Russians cap tured more places the commun ique added and more than 2000 more Germans were killed when they attempted unsuccessful coun terattacks Berlin broadcasts said the Rus sians had thrown 100000 troops into a Dnieper Bend drive south west of Nikopol which would be in the vicinity of Novorontsovka and were also bearing down in White Russia in an attempt to break through toward Bobruisk Thc Germans rushed new troops into the battle for Pskov but they were overwhelmed by Russian ar tillery and infantry and 800 of them were lefl dead in a single sector the soviet bulletin said Southeast of Pskov the Russians said they smashed ahead westward over heavilymined roads encir cling the lown of Bezhanitsy 53 miles west of Kholm and seizing it after handtohand struggles A little farteher south the forti fied station of Pustoshka on the railway running west from Novos okolniki was captured after the Germanswere blasted out of pill The various advances ranged up to 0 miles or more with the lib erated communities including GO north and northeast ot Pskov more than 100 west of Kholm and more than 50 west and northwest of Novosokolniki The Russians also announced that a German counterattack against the red army on the west bank of the Etyr river north and northwest of Lutsk deep in old Poland at first succeeded in driving a considerable wedge but was finally crushed and the red army gained new ground Refuse to Lower Physical Standards for Servicemen U S Destroyers Sink 1 Jap Ships and Damage 1 Others i uclu having killed him when he was 6 months old because be gave evi dence of being an imbecile Despite the protests of Defense Counsel Joseph B Ely Superior Judge Abraham E Pinanski ruled that the realistic replica might be used as an exhibit but must be kept in its box Dist Atty Charles R Albert was examining Dr Charles P Hunt Ihe pediatrician who at tended the baby and pronounced him dead of electric shock Sept 22 May I have the manikin Al beiti asked an assistant Ely protested He and Albcrti conferred for nearly 5 minutes with the judge at the bench Albert handed the brown cardboard box to Dr Hunt say ing I offer the contents of this box for inspection Neither Noxon nor his wife showed emotion at sight iC the dolllike replica of their baby Dr Hunt said the infant had been capable ot only limited mus cular activity This seemed to contradict Noxohs statement that the child rolled from a metal tray and became enmeshed in a live electric ita tenets arged that Noxon deliberately electro McGreevy of Sioux City Candidate for Agricultural Office Sioux City Candidacy in the June primaries for the demo cratic nomination of state secre tary of agriculture lias been an nounced by Dr A F McGrcevy prominent in American Legion circles here A veterinarian here many years and a resident of Iowa since 1915 Dr McGreevy is chairman of the veterans preference committees of both the American Legion and the veterans of foreign wars chairman of the Legion Veterans Memorial committee and n mem ber ot the Legion executive com mittee He is vice president of the Na tional Veterinary Practitioners as sociation and a member of he American Veterinary Medical asj sedation Noxon Jr By KICHARD C BERGHOL7 Associated Ircss War Writer ese shipping apparently left unprotected bv the battle iNipponesc navy has suffered new reverses in the south Pacific and the U S navy has boosted its tabulation o enemy ship losses in the raid en Truk Feb 16 and 17 A roving squadron of destroy ers accounted for 7 Japanese ships sunk and 7 more damaged in attacks along the Bismarck Archi pelago allied reports showed Monday And still there was no opposi tion from the Japanese navy nor from the enemys dwindling ail force in the south Pacific The only resistance to the destroyer assaults came from shore batteries which at Kavieng New Ireland were accurate and persistent and caused minor damage to one U S ship and which at Rabaul New Britain were sporadic ineffec tual and quickly silenced Tlie Rabaul raid Friday was the RULING IS MADE BYCI CAST OF BABY IS PRESENTED Offered as Evidence in Trial for Noxon Pittsficld Mass A cast of the complete body of baby Law rence Noxon was admitted in evi dence Monday at the trial of his father socialite Attorney John K o is charged with cuted his baby Dr Hunt testified Friday that the baby had a peculiar shifting movement of the eyes which we associate medically with retarded mental development When the session opened Mrs Noxon sat a few feet from the cage where her husband sat jot ting down notes Buy War SaviiiRs Bonds and Stamps from your carrier boy Put Out Blaze in Which Dynamite Was Stored St Louis already had extinguished the blaze in a storeroom when the owner fran tically telephoned the fire station for them to be careful In the room hescxplaincd were 37 sticks of dynamite and 88 percussion caps used in demolition work Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Mostly cloudy Mon day night and Tuesday lowest temperature in Mason City 23 colder Tuesday night loiva Mojiily cloudy lu little change in temperature Monday and Tuesday Minnesota Partly cloudy Monday night becoming cloudy Tues day imtl Tuesday night Snow Tuesday night and north and central portion Tuesday Warm er north povlion Monday night becoming colder north and centra portions Tuesday Cold wave Tuesday night IN A1ASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Sunday 3J Minimum Sunday night 21 At 8 a in Monday 2J YEAR AGO Maximum 51 Minimum 14 2 BREAK OUT OF ONAWA JAIL Chisel Out Bricks Then Remove Bars Onaiva the bars from the window of the Monona county jail by chiseling out the bricks around the window Jack Ralph Faust 25 and Darrell Copcnhaver 21 both of Sioux City made their escape here early Monday shortly before they were scheduled to be laken to Fort Madison penitentiary to start 10 year terms Sheriff M F Peterson dis covered the jail break at 5 a m Monday when lie went to the jail to get the 2 men to take them lo Foit Madison The sheriff esti mated that Ihe break was made between 3 a m and 4 a m and said he believed that the 2 prison ers must have had outside help in making their escape The locks were broken from both cell doors and the escape was effected through a window in the bull pen indicating that outsiders broke into the jail through the window to release the men according to the sheriff Sheriff Peterson stated that thorough investigation is being made although no clues to the escape had been uncovered vet Monday mornins Faust am Cupenliavor were sentenced Friday to 10 years at hard labor at Fort Madison peni tentiary after receiving identical 10year sentences Thursdav at Le Mars At Le Mars Ihc 2 men pleaded guilty to robbing the Akron liquor store Nov IG and were sentenced by Judge R G Hodman of that county Judge Miles W Newby sentenced the 2 men here Friday after they had pleaded guilty to breaking and entering in connec tion with the robbery Dec 24 of the Kraft clothing store at Maple Ion where a safe containing SI200 was carried to a side road near the town and broken open 2nd in a week The oiicciiotent bastions harbor ringed enemy with towering volcanoes appar ently was well cleared ot ship ping because the destroyers tar gets were exclusively shore in stallations Coordinated with tlie twin at tacks on Rabaul and Kavieng were a scries of powerful air strikes including a 102ton blast at Wewalc the main Japanese base of New Guinea at the Admiralty islands in the Bismarck seawherc neither air nor antiaircraft op position was reported and at Ra baul where J12 tons of bombs hit airdrome and supply area Results of the 2day smash at Truk mighty enemy base in the central Pacific Caroline islands have been revised the navy said to show 23 Japanese ships sunk G probably sunk and n damaged Previously the navy had listed 19 ships sunk and 7 probably sunk The additions to the orig were not identified by the riavy There were no capital ships listed in the previous tabu lation of enemy losses No change was made in the report on Japanese plane casual destroyed and 50 dam aged IT S losses had been given as 17 planes and moder ate damage to 1 surface ship American conquest of Kwaja Icin and Eniwetok atolls in the Marshall islands apparently is be ginning to pay dividendsAcini Chester W Nimilz reported a 30 ton bornljiuc raid on Ponapc in tlie Caroline islands 425 miles east of 5th raid against that important staging base since Kwajalein fell Feb 6 and the 3rd since Americans invaded Eniwe tok Feb 17 Other army and navy planes spread destruction over Kusaie and Nauru islands and 4 identi fied atolls in the Marshalls Tokyo radio in a broad cast communique Mat at least 1 and most probably 3 U S air craft carriers and 1 other war ship wcru sunk and at least I other carrier was damaged in ihe heavy strike at Guam Sai pan and Tnian islands in the Mariana group Feb 22 The claims were not confirmed by allied sources Nimitj previ ously had said the Japanese lost 135 plnnes arid 2 ships and fl oth ers probably sunk Not a single U S ship was damaged lie re ported Thc Tokyo radio report said the attacks on the V S carrier force were carried out by Japanese naval and air units cast of the Mariana islands It said a 200 plane attack against Saipan Ti nian and Guam caused negligible damage Allied troops have driven within 50 miles of the key Burma base of Akyab but are meeting in creasing resistance In the Chin hills lo the north British forces captured positions in lie main enemy defense system but were forced to withdraw from some after strong Japanese counter al Uicks OF PHYSICIANS Manpower Shortage Must Be Made Up From Fathers Deferments Washington man power shortage for the armed services which President Roose velt has called grave must be made up from family men and others a special medical commis sion reported to the white house Monday and not by lowering physical standards The commission was created at he suggestion of congress 011 the theory that a relaxation of induc tion requirements especially for limited service might delay draft ing of fathers and others with de jiendeiils But it reported exist ing standards could not be re duccd without impairing the ef ficiency of the armed services and no more limited service in ductions are needed The report will be sent to con gress Tuesday It follows publica tion Saturday of u memorandum President Roosevelt sent to man power officials saying the nations manpower pool has been danger Voices Objections to Commissions Medical Report WASHINGTON in dications that the armed forces will continue to lake fathers rather than reclassified 4Fs drew a quick objection on Capitol Hill Monday Chairman May D Ky of the house military affairs committee said a special medical commis sions insistence that physical standards for service cannot safely be lowered was wrong The army seems determined to maintain unreasonable require ments he said The army should lower its physical requirements It should reclassify those who have already been rejected and should quit rejecting men because of il literacy Men who arc illiterate can still sharpshooters All soldiers cant be Harvard graduates May said his committee would liold an executive session Tuesday indicatinc the report of the medi cal commission might be ime of tile taken up ously depleted by liberal defer ments He said the deficit should bo made up from those with oc cupational deferments especially in the younger classes A review of this group was ordered Sunday night There arc nearly 8500000 men in the groups the commission and the president urged be 3834000 deferred for occupation al reasons and 4645000 for de pendency Maj Ocn Lewis B Hcrshcy selective service direc tor listed Ihese figures in Mon days report lie also placed total living registrants between 18 and 38 on Dec 1 last at 22138000 with G540000 inducted 2430 000 enlisted 3357000 disqualified aft er physical examination 1090000 in process of classification exam ination or induction 152000 de ferred for other than occupation or dependency reasons and 90000 unclassified and unknown The commission proposed some minor changes in cxistinj physical standards but General Hcrshcy commented the net effect would lc to increase the quality rather than the quantity of inductees After serving notice the efii ciency of the combat services would be impaired by lowering the requirements it outlined the commission headed by the presi dents personal physician and The figures for Sunday Maximum Saturday 36 Minimum Saturday night 29 At 8 a in Sunday 29 INVITATION TO BOARD Gettysburg Ta appli cation to the local ration board for a childs special shoe stamp car ried this invitation walks one and a halt miles to school Come out and see this road and youll know why she needs new ones Woman Struck by Hatchet Wielded by Husband Succumbs Plcasantvillc Al Mrs Bert Richards 74 died Monday of in juries suffered when she ws at tacked with a hatchet Deputy Sheriff Harry Thompson said was wielded by her husband 71 nt their home near here Feb 17 Her skull was crushed by the attack M e a n w h i 1 e Richards retired dairyman who Thompson said slashed his own throat with a ra zor following the attack has re covered and was taken to the state hospital at Mount Pleasant Monday Buy War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GlolicGazcllc carrier boy GEN ROSS T McINTIRF Chairman