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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - February 26, 1944, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FORTHE HOME DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY AND ARCHIVE DES MOINES IA caseq CeoU a Copy Germans Fail to Crack Allied Beachhead Line MASOX CITY IOWA SATURDAY f EBRUAEY 26 1944 NAZIS MAINTAIN PRESSURE WITH SHELLS BOMBS High Winds Snow Flurries Keep Casslno Sector Stationary Allied Headquarters Naples UP Ten German divisions massed against Ihe allied beachhead be low Borne at the expense of nazi strength elsewhere on the contin ent have suffered 15000 casual ties and their position there now must be considered unsatisfactory an official review said Saturday night Allied Headquarters Naples The Germans maintaining steady pressure on the allied beachhead below Rome harassed American and British forces with shells and bombs but were knocked back in their single small attack Friday headquarters an nounced Saturday The ineffective nazi stab was made on the allied right flank in the Pontine marsh area about 4 miles fvom the1 coast at a point south of Cisterns and west of Littoria Taking advantage of the ravine terrain near Carioceto on the other end of the beachhead the nazis tried to slip through the allied lines but all their attempts were unsuccessful winds sweeping the mouu tains on the Cassino front to scther with snow flurries helped to keep thai sector more or less stationary except for patrolling hut the Germans again attacked a Frenchheld hill northwest of Cassino and again were thrown back On this front as well as on the beachhead heavy guns of both sides kept up their endless shell ing v Headquarters announced that 93 German planes were destroyed and 14 more probably were knocked down on the Italian leg of Fridays simultaneous Ameri can heavy bomber assault against Regensburg Germany by bomb ers flying from Italy and Britain Thirtynine bombers and 5 fighters were reported missing from the heavy bomber thrusts also aimed at the Italian ports of Fiume and Pola the Jugoslav port of Zara and an airfield near Graz in southern Austria The total of German fighters destroyed on the Hegensburg mission and elsewhere Friday was fixed at 95 setting a new record for the Mediterranean airforce The previous high was 87 German planes knocked out in Tunisia last April Indian froops of the 8th army threw hack 3 separate night at tacks near Orsogna Allied artil lery fire also broke up an enemy raid at another point in the Or sogna area and a patrol inflicted casualties on the Germans in a clash north of Arielli between Orsogna and the Adriatic coast Guns and supplies still were flowing into the beachhead area despite bad weather continued nazi shelling of the port of Anzio and a new attempt of the Ger mans to interrupt the process by making torpedo boat stabs at shipping oft the harbor The allied communique said an Eboat attack on the anchorage 3 nights ago was broken up by pa trol craft Churchills Son Confers With Serbs nLmdon Randotp Churchill son of the prime min ister is conferring with Marsha Josip Broz Tito the Jugosla guerrilla leader after presumabl parachuting into Jugoslavia was learned Saturday Capt ChurchilJ 32 was h first member of parliament to be come a paratrooper He went t the Middle East with a command unit in 1941 and later was sen ously injured in an automobi crash He returned to action north Africa in 1942 I The purpose of his mission lito was not announced but prc sumably it is a part of the Britis effort to give all possible aid t the Jugoslav partisans RANDOLPH CHURCHILL Tito HALT ARMOR PLATE OUTPUT CIO Pickets Turn Back 3000Detroit Workers Detroit CIO picket Buy War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carntr boy Weather Report FORECAST Ittason City Partly cloudy and much colder Saturday night and Sunday lowest Saturday night m Mason City 18 diminishing winds Iowa Mostly tair and colder Sat urday night and east portion bunday wind gradually dimin ishing Saturday night Minnesota Partly cloudy Satur day night and Sunday except snow flumes east portion early Saturday night Colder Saturday night and east portion Sunday Diminishing winds Saturday night IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Friday Minimum Friday night At 8 a m Saturday At a m Saturday turned some 3000 workers back from gates ot the Great Lakea Steel Corp plant Lake suburban T OUUUIUUI tcorse Saturday morning halting all production in the only mil producing armor plate for U S navy landing barges The strike which started with the walkout of 500 workers Fri day protesting discharge of an employe who left the plant with out permission has made 6000 employes idle The night shift stayed away from the plant Fri day night but fires under the furnaces Headquarters of the CIOs United Steel Workers union con firmed that the dispute was over the disciplining by management and promised a statement later in lie day A spokesman said the disciplining was the only issue In an official statement the company described the downriv er plant as the sole supplier of armor barges adding that this mfeteriat is needed bad Jy and has iiV some instances been flown by airplane to assembly points The company charged that the disciplined men had violated management rules and proce th Rain 47 36 36 34 08 inch e fused to follow established griev ance procedure for some myster ious reason This procedure the management said has settled grievances in the past hC 2nd slvike Oie Detroit area within 24 hours Friday 7000 were idle in a pro test by CIOUnted Automobile workers against the closing Satur day of the Mack avenue plant ot the Briggs Manufacturing pany Briggs officials said the closing was necessary becavise of a change m production schedule ordered by navy The plant makes air the plane wings Unionofficials dicated they feared the company Planned a aday work week The company said it would lay off 1500 employes next week but would continue a 6day week In contract negotiations the union has sought a guaranteed 48hour week Heavy fog was noted in c areas and Hanlontown was among the points reporting thunder Fri day YEAR AGO Maximum 31 Minimum 2 4 Pigeons Make Own Decision in Trial Chicago a wise bird that knows its own roost When 2 pigeon fanciers appeared in court here Friday claiming ownership to the same 4 birds the sage judge orderedNlhe pigeons turned loose and gave them to the owner of the coop into which they flew ORDERS REVIEW OF DEFERMENT LIST IN NATION F R Declares Armed Forces Are Short 200000 Trained Men Washington p resident Roosevelt estimating the armed forces were still short approxi mately 200000 trained men Sat urday ordered a review of all oc cupational deferments with a view to speedily making avail able the personnel required to carry on the war The president sent a memoran dum to Paul V McNutt chairman of the war manpower commis sion and Maj Gen Lewis B Her shey selective service director saying selective service has not delivered he quantity of men who were expected The shortage which commenced to develop last September reached a total of 200000 oh Dec 31 he added This means that today we McNutt Apparently Surprised by F R Draft Statement NORTH HOME EDITION mm War Man power Commissioner Paul V Mc Nutt was discussing with news men the benefits that had been derived from occupational defer ments with a view of making more men available to the armed forces The presidents announcement apparently came as a surprise o McNutt and he hadno comment on the order As the chief executives order was made public McNutt here to address a Jackson Day dinner was saylnr in an interview that TCitturat deferments it would not have been possible to do the magnificent production the Unitaed States has ac complished We cant do things well with out skill and occupational defer ments have been granted persons who were skilled and so skilled they could not be replaced he added McNutt declared he did not hinfc agriculture suffer this year from labor shortages He declared 400000 men in the 1821 age croup had been grantd ag ricultural deferments and added I dont see why it would not oe possible to plant cultivate and harvest the crop that is planned are still short approximately 200 000 trained men although the actual personnel shortage in the has been reduced to 150 Urging that agriculture and in dustry release younger men phy sically qualified for military serv ce the president said the army vill not reaph its planned Janu ary strength until some time in April or even later if selective service continues to fall behind an its quotas The president said the nations manpower poo has been danger ously depleted by liberal defer ments The shortage or men UIt rmcd service was discussed Fri y L Hershey who used the ame 200000 figure as the presi dent He said the armed forces Nazi Plants Cant Meet Plane Losses London aircraft ot the worlds greatest aerial offensive during the past 6 been bombed to he point where it is believed the factories will be unable io keep up with current German losses in fighter planes a high ranking U S army airforcc spokesman said Saturday Since Jan 1 Germanys twin engine fighter production has been cut 80 per cent and singleengined fighter production has been re duced CO per cent the spokesman disclosed He said these figures are based on latest reconnaissance but still are only preliminary The greatest damage probably has been done during the past week when the spokesman said the American eighth airforce alone hud dropped 7935 of bombs on German soil a greater amount than Kwas dropped in the whole first year of operations by the American airforcc here With the tonnage dropped by he fifteenth airforce in Italy the total rose to 9425 tons He said U Si headquarters bc believed that Germany had lost the last hope of maintaining a suc cessful defense adding that it has been definitely decided here that the reich cannot prevent the stra tegic bombing of any iarget in Germany He promised that operations would increase as he year prog ressed The 8th and 15 ailforces were disclosed to have thrown a force of more ban 1200 heavy bombers and between 1000 and 1100 ers Friday against the German air force and the factories which keep Germanys pianes in the air REDS PUSH ON IN WHITE RUSSIA Fresh Nazi Forces Cant Stop Advances London if Russian amiie massed along the 400milelon front between Pskov and Ho gachevare pressing westward ii whiteRussia the northern part Poland de spite increased German resistance a Moscow communique reportet Saturdaj German commanders threv fresh reinforcements into the Ro gachev area Friday in a futile at tempt to seal the gap torn In ther lines by Gem Contantinc sovskys first White Russian armi on No less than 14 fierce counter attacks north of captured Ro Kachev were thrown back by the Soviets the Russian communque said and the Germans lost 2500 men killed Then Rokossovskys men surged forward and capturec several unidentified localities To date the battle around Ro gachev has cost the Germans 6000 men he Moscow bulletin added On the northern end of the front Russian troops converging on Pskov Baltic gateway strong hold below Lake Peipus drove the Germans further west townrc Latvia They killed another 1100 Germans and captured 54 towns and hamlets the Moscow bulletin said and at one point to he north west were less than 20 miles from the great communications center A second force was 22 miles north of Pskov at Lulovo anothei 28 miles northeast of Kebska and o the east still another column Massive RAF Fleet Makes Crushing Raidon Burning City of Augsburg for the I had leacned the outskirts of Por khov last important town before iced J200000 men by July 1 to each the planned goal of 11300 00 and added that the 200000 epresented the number of men lot to be had from preferred otirces Of that number he said large percentage must come rom among younger men holding ccupational deferments and armers who cannot show that are contributing substanti y to the wartime food pool Hershey discussing the situa lon before the senate agriculture ommiUee said 60 per cent of hose sent to induction stations owadays are failing to pass hysical examinations presuma ly because of the higher average ge AntiTrust Violations Are Charged Against A and P Company Danville 111 criminal in ormation charging the New York Atlantic and Pacific Tea ompany and some 30 officers and ubsidiaries with violating the herman antitrust law was filed n federal court Saturday The action was taken by the epartment of justice almost si multaneously with thfe nol pross ng of an indictment setting up milar charges at Dallas Tex The A Si P group as it wag amed in the information was harged with conspiracy o con ol prices and injure and destroy od i Ot Pskov 45 miles away Twenty miles south of Dno on the railway leading to Ncvcl the station of Dedovichi was captured as well as the towns of Barlayevo and Dorfca southwest of Kholm All these towns are within 80 miles of the Latvian border The situation around Vitebsk was still obscure A Berlin radio report that the great stronghold 150 miles north of Rogachev had been evacuated was not confirmed by subsequent Russian and German communiques although the con trolled Paris radio repealed the report early Saturday Developments in he Dnieper Bend were not mentioned in the Moscow war bulletin but a Ger man broadcast Rus sian in that sector had decreased considerably Says Elimination of Black Market Gasoline Could Boost Rations Chicago of the gasoline black market would make available a 23 per cent increase in rations for midwestern motorists Rae E Walters regional price ad ministrator said Friday night Instead of such an increase he added motorists face a possible reduction The increase which would be available if the black market ceased to exist would ap proximate 45 miles a motorist a month Walters placed much of the re ponsibilif r Jlack m w vjnchrie be reinforced Kyi Ait OPA enforcement drive of eliminating the fikupon the public NAZIS TELL OF HEAVY ATTACKS ON FRANKFURT Fast Furious Blows Continue to Fall on Reich Plane Industry London massive fleet oi British bombers carried out a crushing attack on the burning cily of Augsburg Friday night and jiilcd up a total of more than 17000 tons o bombs dropped on Germany in an unparalleled fi day offensive against the reichs aircraft industry The German radio said Uirrf scale attacks on the chemical cen ter of Frankfurt were made at the same time and the Swiss ra dio said night flights crossed Switzerland from the distinct possibility hat Ital ianbased Wellingtons of the RAF again carried ou a 2way British assault as hey did he night he fore The air ministry communique announcing the operation against Augsburg said it was carried out in very great strength and that the city a center of aerial engine production wis attacked twice during the night by large forces of and Halifaxes The weather was favorable and reports indicated the bombing was concentrated and effective the communique added Twentyfour plunes were lost in these assaults and in simulta neous mosquito operations over southwest Germany and the low country and in extensive mine laying sweeps Flying fortresses from Britain made the 1600mile round trip to Augsburg which lighted the way for the RAF Tiie niffht blow followed an un precedenled 2way stab Friday at a single messerschmitt factory American heavy bombers flew from both Britain and Italy In a vain cffoil to protect the vital iemnants of German fighter production the luftsvaffe opposed Nazis Furiously Try to Protect Plant Remnants London Slates air forces shot down 142 German planes Friday for a 6day hag of 1 in the record offensive A communique announcing the results of Fridays daylight air battles said the nazis fought furi ously in a vain effort to protect vital remnants of German fighter significant disclos ure that the weeklong offensive had reduced Adolf Hitlers plane production facilities to remnants The official announcement said pictures made during the con certed attacks from Britain and flaly on Kcffensburg Aftusburg and Furlh show cnod results A hisl scribed he best of he The clandestine radio Atlantic reported hat allied planes already lave destroyed or rendered useless 35 per cent of all Assembly and spare part factories in the rcich Adolf Hitler has called an emer gency meeting of his luftwaffe and armament chiefs to discuss special measures lo protect the re maining factories the broadcast TRUCK LANDS ON ROOFJackknifmg suddenly as it was crawling up an icy hill this big trailer truck skidded pavement jumped a retaining wall and landed on the f factory in Silver Creek N Y No one was injured rooi of accounted for by the powerful American 8th and 15th air forces Loss of 69 U S Bombers Sets Record London loss of S3 U S heavy bombers in Fridays operations against Germany set a record for a single days sorties The 15th airforce based Italy ran into more than 250 enemy fighter planes and lost 39 heavy bombers xvhile the 8th air force flying from Britain lost 30 bombers in the 2way flights against Regensburg and other tor The previous record was Go lost in Thursdays 2way attack For a oneway operation from British bases only the record is GO fiEPORTBATTLE RAGES FOR GUAM Berlin Says Violent Fighting in Progress IVew York Berlin broad cast of a Tokyo dispatch Satur day said a violent battle of sev eral days was in progress possession of the Pacific isle of Guam with the Japanese garri son fighting to stave off attacks byan American naval formation A communique ancnt this fighting is expected from Japa nese headquarters this Saturday said the broadcast This former United States property is situated nearest to the Japanese isles it added Earlier the British radio picked up a Japanese broadcast which said American naval forces were attacking the island hiKh source rirlier I A J L lays bombing as he ArOUSCCl DV LlV in war H CM T DATE SET FOR CHAPLIN TRIAL Judge Ignores Plea by Defense Attorney Hollywood Judgo J E T OConnor Saturday or dered Charlie Chaplin held for trial on white slavery charges pre ferred by 23 year old Joan Berry his onetime protege iiey used The judge Jerry Gieslei that Miss Berry probably her sex appeal upon the allmale grand jury that indicted him on 2 charges of violating the Mann act One ot the indictments said Chaplin took Miss Barry to New York for immoral purposes in Oc tober 1342 The other said he re turned her to Hollywood 3 weeks later for the same reasons The dapper Chaplin wearing a tan gabardine suit and a tan tie with red spots stood before Die judge hands behind his back am in answer to the 2 charges MNARY SENATE LEADER OF GOP DIES IN FLORIDA Had Compromised Many Roosevelt Bills Into Acceptable Forms Washington slender thread of cooperation between the legislative and executive branches of the ready worn fine by Ihe revolt of majority leader Barkley against President Roosevelts ax bill drawn taut Satur day by the death of minority lead er Charles L McNary MeNary who compromised and maneuvered many legislative bills originated by Ihe administration into a form acccnlaulc lo die re publican minority and aiililloosc velt democrats died Friday in an apartment at Ft Laudcrdalc Fla where he Jiad soiie last December to recuperate from a brain tumor operation Funeral services will be held at Salem Ore next Friday Memo rial services probably will be ar ranged meanwhile in the senate chamber at Washington where McNary had served since 1017 Mrs McAary their adopted daughter Charlotte 8 mid Mrs McNarys sister Miss Mary Louise Morton of Washington will ac company the senators body to Salem the McNary home They will leave heroSaturctav night by train McNary was consulted by the white house on many proposed bills that never saw the light of day in congress as well as many that did protege The sometimes profane but al ignored nvixabl accurate analysis Lr Chaplins attorney SfJfe eglfalle Charlie snapped I am not guilty guilty am not He put movieacting emphasis on the word not The judge set March 21 as he date for the start of what may become the most surprising of all Hollywood trials our attacking forces furiously i r m y headquarters announced The J5th AAF from Italy en countered 250 to 300 enemy air craft and destroyed 93 fighters violent and prolonged battle Together the attacking forces destroyed H2 enemy aircraft a loss of 65 heavy bomb ers The 15th lost 38 bombers and he 8th 30 Photographs made at Augsburg urtli a Stuttgart ballbearing lant and Regensburg showed jood aid results he communique A From the size of the force heard saving Britain Friday night for he blow at Augsburg 300 miles outhwest of Berlin it was prob blelhat 2000 long tons of bombs showered on that production enter The communique disclosing nat the attack was by 2 separate orccs of Lancasters and Hali axes indicated a new tactic em loyed by the RAF for the first tmc Thursday night against chwomfurt again had been used nccessfully Of the estimated 17000 to 17 00 tons of bombs poured upon Icrmany since last Sunday it was robabie more than half had been DawnMom Let Me In Decafur III cry in the dawn aroused Mrs Louis Carey in a hurry The cry was Hey Mom Let me for got my key H was her son Pvt Francis Carey arriving on furlough after 2 years in Alaska Jugoslav Partisans Capture 2 Islands London Jugoslav parti sans have captured the islands of Rab and Pag off the Croatian coast south of Fiume Marshal losip Tito Biozovich announced Saturday His communique broadI of cast by the Free Jugoslav radio reported that partisan units op erating along the Creation littoral bad captured Zlobin and Plas and were exerting the direction neavy pressure tii of Kraljcvica 14 clljli miles soulhuast of Finnic Buy War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy McNary Visit to Northwood in 1940 Campaign Recalled North of Senator Charles L McNary recalled here the long pitched battle that he waged with the joint help of the late Hep Gilbert NT Haugcn for the famed McNaryHaugcn aari cullural bill H was also recalled here that Sen McNary paid a widely ac claimed visit here in 1310 when he was a vice presidential can didate He spoke at a program in honor of the memory of Haugen when some 5000 persons includ ing many distinguished officials gathered at the Worth county fairgrounds While in Sen JIc Nary recalled the fight that he and the North Iowa representative made for the bill of which they coauthors He said they had suffered classification as wild and woolly heretics for measure but hat most of the cri tics had since witnessed far more violent departures from economic orthodoy under the new deal Tha famed bill providing ac cording to its sponsors for the preservation ot the American i market for the American farmer and a feasible handling Of exportable surplus under an in telligently developed 2 price sys tem1 was referred lo as recently as last Sunday in Des Molncs by Wendell I Willkie as the best starting point for a solution of the farm problem McNary who was introduced at lie JYorthwood meeting by Mrs Norma Haugen Johnson wife of J O E Johnson Worth county farmer and a daughter of Rep Haugen was later a visitor at ihe fcam Kennedy farm at Clear Lake where he saw the fields and ware houses and spent a half hour in vestigating the progress that had been made in experimentation for elimination of potato scab He was also a dinner guest at the Kennedy home Among distinguished visitors at the Northwood program were George Wilson then governor of Iowa and now U S senator from Iowa Rep Henry O Talle of Decorah and county and state ol ficials McNary as he was affectibnally known to all served more than once to kill at the source some ad ministration legislative proposal Conversely if McNary said ok white house brows lost their fur row The year old Oregonian not only knew President Roosevelt well enough to tell him to his faco more than once at bipartisan con fcrcncus that he thought the pres ident was wrong but he knew in timately and liked Stephen Early president secretary McNarys death leaves the sen ate republicans up in the ah Only Thursday they reelected him chairman of their conference ana leader They picked Senator Van dcnbcrgot Michigan as vice chair man of the conference Senator White oi Maine as permanent as sistant and temporary acting leader Senator Wherry of Ne braska as whip and Senator Bur ton of Ohio as secretary Prominent republicans saiti nothing would be done officially about fining the job for at least 2 weeks White will continue io act in tlic meantime but the way still is wide open for i decision on mijor post For this the likely candidates c Senators Vundcnbcrg no con fidant of the while house Bridges New Hampshire one nf ihe presidents most vigorous critics and Taft of Ohio who has shown a disposition lo compromise on such issues is food subsidies but who gives no riuurlcr when he at tacks the administration on some other fundamental issues McNary died at Ft Lauderdale Fla where he had gone for n rest after the brain operation Charles L McNary so thor oughly enjoyed the senate where as republican minority leader he often held a check rein on the new deal that he accepted with reluctance his partys nomination for the vice presidency in 1940 If his subsequent defeat for bat office brought him personal SEX CHARLES L
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