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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - February 25, 1944, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME YOU L THE NEWSPAPER THAT Associated Press and Uolled Press Full Wires Germany Reports Loss of Great Base Vitebsk NAZIS DECLARE BIG EVENTS IN BALTICS LOOM MASON CITY IOWA FRIDAY FEBRUARY 25 19H Entire White Russian Front Now Open to Advancing Red Forces London report ed Friday that the great northern base of Vitebsk had fallen to so viet forces driving through White Russia and that sensational events in the Baltics might be shaping up The nazicontrolled Scandinav ian telegraph bureau in a Berlin dispatch said the German army had lost Vitebsk keystone base of all northern White Russia where 3 powerful garrison had stood off Russian assault forces standing before its gates since Christmas Coming on theheels of the fall of Rogachev 150 miles to the south the reported collapse of German resistance at Vitebsk laid open the entire White Russian front to red array forces smashing L toward Minsk and Polotsk became particularly bitter at the 2 local points of Bogachev and Vitebsk a Berlin dispatch to Stockholm said Ger man troops succeeded in coping with these strong attacks by elas tic adaptation In the course of these attacks the 2 towns were evacuated The fall of Vitebsk caused no surprise in Berlin where it was indicated earlier that the city was untenable The road to Polotsk Jnw is open The development ot the Baltic and White Russian fronts now is assuming express train tempo it the Russians cannot be halted along the PskovPolotsk line sen sational events can be expected in the Baltics in the nearest future Tneimplication was plainthat behind andLithuania rttte1 states against or into which the red armies were sweeping along the iuU length of their eastern frontiers Temperature Drop Aid to Reds Moscow Konstantin K Rokossovskys troops forcing the upper Dnieper river drove through a 31 mile gap in the Ger man lines to within striking dis tance ot Bobruisk ancient gaie wayto the White Russian capital of Minsk in a new offensive Fri FIRST DONOR IN RED CROSS DRIVEPresident Roose is shown as he received the first n received the first contributors lapel 000 non V944 Red war fnnd for 200 000 000 which opens March 1 from Miss Marv K Browne of Cleveland Ohio well known golfer who couutrs share i this giant campaign is 5oljOO Advance solicitation is already under way and the general campaign will get under way immediately after the first of the month under the chairmanship of Paul Pnteharcl Sec Story and Picture on Page 14 U S NavalForces Carry Out New Forays on Nippon Bases By MORRIE LANDSBERG Associated Press War Editor American navalI forces prowling thp Pacific without challenge Japanese day Rqkossovskys army overran more than 100 towns and including the strongholdof Roga chev in advances of up to 16 miles in the initial phase of his offen sive which broke a monthsIon stalemate on the front above Zhlobin Simultaneously soviet forces on Ev the northwestern front seized the 1 railroad junction of Dno and 150 other localities In a Spronged ad vance that carried to within 19 miles of Pskov on the main in vasion route into Latvia and south ern Estonia A sudden drop in temperature thatfroze desolate White Russian swamplands literally paved the way for Rokossovskys offensive Attacking in a blizzard troops un der the hero of Stalingrad rapidly wiped out the German bridgehead on the east bank of the Dnieper between Rogachev and ZhloV swept across the Dnieper an pushed to within a few miles o the RogachevBobruisk highway The capture ot Ozerany carrie the Soviets 12 miles beyond Roga chev to within 29 miles east o Bobruisk where the remnants c Napoleons troops were on the retreat from Moscow Oth er Rokossovsky columns alread were poised northeast southeas and south of Bobruisk for coor dinated attacks on that strong hold Front dispatches said partisan who had been hiding out in th woods and swamps were aidim the red army in the slaughter o retreating enemy troops and cut ting his communications to th rear One red army column alone wa credited with killing 4000 Ger mans destroying 24 tanks and selfpropelled guns and capturing 62 guns and 7 mortars Consider able numbers of prisoners were being rounded up Hogachev which resisted a series of soviet attacks severa months ago was captured by storm after the Russians had all but sur rounded it The fjill of Dno last German stronghold east of Pskov was ex pected to be followed by an al most immediate assault on ilself Iowa Goes Over Top in Sales of E Bonds in Drive DCS Moincs lis passed its E bond quota in the the state by nearly war finance committee announced Friday Sales of E bonds total 568800 000 against a quota of S66000 000 or 104 per cent of the goal Total sales in the drivewhich continues to the end of the month have reached 5212000000 com pared with a quota of The committee announced that 6 counties have not yet reached their overall quola and that 22 counties had not reached their bond goal REDS A point to Dno strong point blocking Russian path Io Pskov was taken by soviet forces in fierce conflict Arrow B indicates Rogacher which has also been taken eliminating the German bastion blocking the path to Minsk Arrow C indicates captured Krivoi ROK from which the 3rd Ukrainian army is driv ingtoward the Bug river Shaded area is German held 53000 lowans Have Filed Income Taxes DCS Moincs H Birm ingham Iowa internal revenue col lector reported Friday that more than a3000 lowans have filed fed tax returns and DaiH 818096640 so far this year com pared with 29000 taxable returns on which S761640S was paid at the same lime in 1943 The 518 098640 figure does not include amounts withheld by employers under the lax withholding sys tem The famed Little Beaver squadron swept enemy shipping lanes far north ot the Solomons Tuesday in what was termed the most daring surface raid ever at tempted in south Pacific waters A Japanese destroyer ov mine layer and 2 cargo ships were sunk along with 4 barges loaded with nearly 1000 Nipponese 73 of whom were picked up Kavieng New Ireland came in for its 2nd and the big guns on Duke of York naval shellin were turned island of Rabaul to complete the noloss mission e We are liehtcnine he block ade of the enemys Bismarck bases General Douglas Mac Arthur said in announcing the naval action and we now dom male sea lanes to Ihe north due to effective neutralization of the enemys air bases in the Admiral ty New Ireland and New Britain groups In between seaborne attacks on Truk and the Marianas carrier planes showered 30 tons of bombs on 3 islands of an unspecified Marshalls atoll Sunday It was the 6th carrier strike of the war at the besieged mandated group Japan Friday acknowledged the loss of 4500 troops and 2000 ci vilians at Kwajalein and Rio is lands in American capture of Kwajalein atoll nearly 3 weeks ago U S navy figures placed the enemy dead at 8122 against 28G Americans killed Preliminary reports indicate Ihe same lopsided ratio prevailed in the justcompleted occupation al AERIAL DRIVES SMASH ANEW AT PLANE PLANTS Yanks Lash Regensburg Stuttgart After Heavy RAF Attacks at Night London formations of American heavy bombers car ried the unprecedented allied aerial offensive thundering through its Gth day Friday with smashes deep within Germanv at aircraft production plants at Reg MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS ensbur gels Stuttgart and other tar 10 German Divisions Face Beachhead Allied Headquarters Naples IP forces ringing the Anzio beachhead now swollen to 10 di visions peeked at AmericanBrit ish linesThursday in 2 fruitless iiltucks southwest ot Carroccto as the 5th army steadily improved its positions it was announced Fri day The uncmy likewise in light force assaulted French positions on Monte Abate a mile and a half east of Tcrelle on the Cassino The heavy daylight assault car ried the mighty offensive racing ou round the clock after the RAF took up the 2 way scourge of nazi Plane production Thursday nicht in a 1000 plane raid from Britain on Sclixvcinfurt and sent other formations from Italy to attack Steyr in Austria Both Schweinfurt and Steyr were already burning from the Thursday 2 way attack by Ameri can heavy bombers based in Bri tain and Italy Wednesdays strong forces ot 4 engined heavyweights were pro tected by swarms of allied fighters as they dumped new destruction on the aircraft works at Rcgens burg and the uall bearing works at Stuttgart Returning crewmen who said the bombings were done visually reported good results Friday All targets of the daylight as sault were deep inside Germany with the assault on Rcgenstnirg iii southern Germany requiring a roundlrip fligrht of more than 1 100 miles The big liberators and flying fortresses drove 450 miles inside Europe to pound Stuttgart in southwestern Germany Regensburg was last hit on Feb 22 by the American 15th airforce which hit the citys war plants with the greatest fleet of heavy bombers ever launched from the Italian theater Indicating that Fridays assaults may have been joined by Italy based bombers for the 3rd 2way punch within 24 hours the Berlin radio said that American forma front but artillery lire broke up the thrust and on the lower Garigliano sector German probing attempts were blocked Despite a 7 inch snowfall in he mountains around Cassino allied troops improved heir positions on Monle Castellonc iti the moun tains west of Ihe village of Cairo midway between Cassino and Tcrelle The new German division added lo the 9 which have been con taining Hie Anzio beachhead for ii Senate Votes to Override Veto Tax Bill Becomes Law Army Officers Favoring Axis Seize Argentina Government Stettinius Voices Concern Planes Against Yanks in 5 Days London flj Official commun iques showed Friday that Ger many has lost 510 of her fighter planes while attempting to ward off the tremendous American day light raids of the past 5 days aimed at pulverizing nazi aircraft production In addition the nazis have lost dozens of planes smashed on the ground The United States has lost 170 heavy bombers During the same period the RAF announced the loss of 152 planes in night operations which included 79 in the Feb 20 Leipzig raid iions had entered the rcich from the south Jt addcd violent aerial battles accompaniedthe daylight TRY troops arc reported tryingat night to infiltrate allied lines in the Anzio beachhead in an ef fort to strike British and Amer ican forces from the rear Pointers indicate engagements which occurred at several points along the battle line The Anglo Americans remained on the de fensive soire dayswasssirito have beoii brought from northern Italy It was identified as the 302nd in fantry The 2 beachhead attacks were launched by only a company of in fantry in each about 200 men They were repulsed with heavy losses to the enemy it was announced Allied artillery got the range of a German tank concentration near the socalled factory in the Car roceto area and forced it to dis FORCE RAMIREZ TO RESIGN POST ATPOINTOFGIIN Revolt Keeps President From Announcing New Liberal Government Montevideo Uruguay ultranationalistic clique of army officers who had opposed break ing relations with Ihe axis took over the Argentine government in a bloodless coup detal Friday after forcing President Pedro Pablo Ramirez to resign at gun point Gen Edelmiio Farrcll vice president was designated lo suc ceed Ramirez by a revolutionary junta of fi gsnerais of which Far rell Scasso a member Adm Leon a notorious pronazi but apparently not a member of the junta reportedly was named vice president Ramirez resignation taken from liim at his residence in Ihe Buenos of Olivos at sun he people of he Argentine nation Tired by the intense duties of government which force me to take a rest on this date I delegate my power to the vicepresident of the nation Gen Edelmiro J Far Aires suburb point read perse Although the Germans main thrusts The RAFS nightridiiiff bomb En i we tok Kwajalein 380 miles west of The Tokyo radio previously told Japanese of heavy damage suffered in the U S carrier at ack on Truk Feb 1617 What it ailed to mention however was that American battleships sailed lose enough to the vaunted naval astion to sink a Japanese cruiser tying to flee The bold American maneuw was described in an interview at 3earl Harbor by Lt Cmdr Wil ram G Privette Chapel Hills N Car a torpedo squadron com riander Lt Cmdr Harry W Har ison 33 Miami Beach Fla a ighter squadron commander on he same carrier related that af cr the first days attack he saw only 9 of about 30 ships left afloat n 2 anchorages and 3 of them veie burning The officers agreed hat Japanese air opposition was veak Between 19 and 26 enemy hips were announced as sunk apan with unusual frankness idmitted the destruction of IB Associated Press Correspondent Haugland who accompanied lie Little Beaver squadron on successful patrolraid beyond iie Solomons said the destroyers ombcd the oncerbusy shipping nes from Truk and Palau and found them empty The Japa ese ships sunk were caught oft Ireland iVot a single enemy lane appeared until the naval orce was en route back to base ers were guided to both targets by the flaming wreckage left only a few hours before by the Ameri can daylight raiders The British bombs added still further damage to Schweinfurts sprawling ball bearing plants and to the German aircraft factory at Steyr i Austria U S headquarters announced that the powerful American air rieet which flew from the west toined close contact against the allied beachhead the passing of another day the 5th without major developments gave the 5th army valuable limp to strengthen its defenses against an expected 3rd fullscale German offensive Swiss Gunner and Yank Flyer Radio Dialog Revealed London Berlin radio Friday reported this exchange of radio dialogue between American airmen and Swiss antiaircraft in old i gunners during an alleged Amcri I can flight over neutral Switzer land Thursday night Swiss aclcaclt commander Look out youre over Switzer land7 American bomber pilot We know rn buck and south Thursday shot do 156 nazi planes Eighth air force bombers downed 83 nazi planes elming their attacks on Schwein Swiss If yoU dont lu fm I and lighter plane factories at I we shall Gotha while their accompanying fignters accounted for 37 others in terrific air battles Bombers of the 15th air force attacking Steyr bagged 36 nazi fighters The Britainbased American forces lost 49 bombers and 10 fighters the Italybased forma tions lost 16 fortresses and 3 fighters with 2 other fighter missing and the RAFTs night losses were 35 bombers In Tuesdays 2way punch the first of the series of simultaneous assaults from west and south the combined American forces shot down 133 German fighters The British annorfiicemcnt said that Thursday nights heavy as sault on Schweinfurt actuallywas carried out in 2 separate raids Schweinfurt the German cen ter of ball bearing production was the main objective and was at tacked twice during the night it said Fires started Thursday by the United States 8lh airforce were still burning on the arrival of our first force The target was effectively marked and by the end of the 2nd attack a great conflagration was seen with smoke rising to a great height Objectives in northwest Ger many also were bombed and a very extensive mine laying pro gram was completed Thirtyfive of our aircraft are Buy War Saving Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette earner boy The Swiss gunners opened fire and the American pilot radioed back Your ackack fire is about 1000 feet loo low We know the Swiss replied Buy Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy irilerior minister in the Ramirez cabinet led the revolt to prevent the presi dent from making a radio address Thursday night in which it was reported he would have an nounced the formation of a new liberal government A large number of troops from the Campo DC Mayo army garri son under the command of Col Eduardo Avalos nronazt officer supporting Ferlinger were placed along the outskirts of Buenos Aires Thursday night but no fighting had been reported early Friday although it was understood that some units of the army still were loyal to Ramirez Ramirez who succeeded Con Arturo Kawson as president of the republic GO hours after the revolu tion of last June 4 in which Presi dent Ramon S Castillo was ousted signed Ihe resignation with Ihe space for his successors narac left blank al his home in Olivos a suburb of Buenos Aires The first version of the resig nation said it was made due to the imposition ot circumstances but the leaders of the coup de manded that the wording be changed and a 2nd resignation was written declaring that Ra mirez was leaving the presidency because of ill health new coup detat give for concern and may raise questions affecting security of the hemisphere Stettinius said these questions vaised on the strength of incom plete reports on the Artjentiiiian situation call for an exchange of information among the antiaxis American republics before deci sions are reached on joint policy The overnight coup in Buenos Aires threw out the government of President Pedro Ramirez which had broken relations with the axis and had replaced it with a reportedly prunazi regime Permitting himself to be quoted directly at his press and radio Conference Stettinius said Information r e g a r d i n the overnight Argentine d e v cl o p menls is not complete bul is still coming in The reports at hand do give grounds for concern It is quite possible that dues lions may be raised security of the hemisphere which miffht well call for an exchange of information ami views between the American governments Stettinius said this was the only statement he could now He explained it represented the views of this government at the present time baaed on such reports as it has received thus far from Norman Armour U S am bassador to Argentina and from press and radio advices A dispatch from Montevideo Uruguay across the river from Buenos Aires said flatly that dip lomatic representatives of the United States Brazil and Chile liftd already stated that the rievtf regime would not be rccognized by other American republics It was considered sighificatit though in a negative wayfrom the allied point of view Hiat the coup hud come to block Ramirez intention ot forming a morcdib Similarly it ivas considered no boon io the allied cause that Ad miral Leon Scasso one of the most notorious pronazis in Ar gentina and Ion an opponent of collaboration with the democra cies may become vice president of the new regime There was little attempt here to interpret the upheaval in Buenos Aires as anything but a setback for the allied efforts to get Argentinas full and sincere cooperation with the other Amer ican republics The united nations scored a be lated diplomatic victory Ar gentina under Ramirez finally broke off diplomatic relations with Germany and Japan It had been hoped Ihat vigorous antiaxis steps would follow such as elim inalion of all axis agents from Ar genline soil curbing of nazi news papers and ouster of antidemo cratic factions from Ihc aovcin mcnt Dewey Candidates in Wisconsin Hold Fi rm There was no elaboration the Montevideo report lhat president signed at of the un point Your newspaper boy pays his bill every week Do you do your part by paying him every week but Buenos Aires reported that the resignation was first demand ed by a group of army officers who called at his home and that after he signed the presidential residence was surrounded by troops and police Diplomatic quarters interpreted the coup as a last effort by the ixis to keep a base in the western hemisphere for espionage opera tions against Ihc allies It was lie lievcd that by designaliuK Farrcll president the junta hoped to sup port an allegation that it was a normal constitutional succession thereby retaining the diplomatic recognition of the other American republics A high diplomatic source here said American diplomatic repre sentatives in Montevideo probably would meet Saturday to sludy the question of diplomatic recognition Of the revolutionary government The phrase in Ramirez resigna tion delegating power lo Farrcll apparently was an attempt to stave off the question o recogni tion a maneuver which will not be successful according to this source 22 With Commissions Say Uncle to Sergeant San Francisco commissioned army and navy offi cers have to say uncle to Field ing K hes a staff sergeant Four of his nephews are lieutenant colonels 3 arc majors 4 are captains 8 arc lieutenants one is a lieutenant commander and 2 are ensigns Milwaukee all ot Ihe 24 Dewcyforpresident candidates for election as dele fates to the republican national convention will continue to run under that designation regardless CLIMAX REVOLT AGAINSTFRBY 72T014ACTION Galleries Filled With Jostling Spectators Pepper Makes Vain Plea Tax features on Page 2 Washington its gal lenes overflowing with curious spectators adetermined senate Friday climaxed the congressional revolt against President Roose velts tax bill veto by making the measure a law with votes to spare The overriding vote was an nounced by Vice President Wal lace presiding as 72 to 16 more than the necessary two thirds majority At that instant the bill which congressional sources estimate will yield about 52315000000 in additional rev enue annually became law Majority Leader Bavkley prin cipal IiRure iu the drama as a rc sull of his sliurp denunciation of llic presidents vclo message in Ihc senalc uu Wednesday sluck by his announced intention to vole lo override Mr Roosevelt The vclo messugc sparked a congressional revolt which from the very start left scant doubt as lo the final outcome ot the tax bill which the president called in adequate The house acted quick ly Thursday setting aside the veto by a vote of 05 Spectators jostled for seats like bleacherites when the senate were opened ol them every seat in the gallery and stood 2dcep jgainst the back walh long before Vice President Wallace called the ses sion to order The spectators chattering like crowd atan openinc tujncd into the bcgiih driminr through the wonts of the message Although the veto has been the subject of almost constant con versation and much bitter oratory it was the senates first fornW notice that the president haS v turned down the ax bill Senator Hill the ma i jonty whip questioned the pres ence of a quorum as the session opened and the reading clerk be More than GO senators were at their desks before he linished and others kept filing into the cham ber during the reading of the mes As the reading cleric finished there were cries of vole vole from the floor Vice Piesideiil Wallace how ever recognized Senator Pepper DFIa His voice trembling at times with emotion Ieppcr boldly pro claimed his unwavering devotion to liberalism and Franklin D Kooscvelt With full knowledge he said that he stood with a small mi nority against overriding the veto Pepper solemnly declared I have nothing to gain except the inestimable satisfaction of ex piessrng my own conviction 4 Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Rmi changing o snow and colder Friday night lowest temperature in Mason City 25 Saturday snow flurries and much colder strong winds Iowa Showers changing lo snuw flurries late Friday nighl and ending by Saturday forenoon Decreasing cloudiness Saturdav afternoon Warmer early Friday night becoming colder west and central portions late Friday night Colder Saturday Winds near 30 miles an hour diminish ing Saturday Minnesota Snow north and rain or snow south portion early Fri day night becoming moderate snow Friday night Saturday partly cloudy with snow flur ries east portion in the fore noon Winds 25 to 30 miles per hour with considerable driftint and blowing snow dinnnishins j Saturday Colder Saturday and north and west central portions Friday night IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Thursday 15 Minimum Thursday night iO At 8 a m Friday 33 YEAR AGO Maximum 21 Minimum o afraid hesaid that the defeat of Ihc president on the lax bill might alter the permanent course and character of our party Taking Ihc flour after Pepper finished Senator Lucas VICTORY Alben Barklcy of Kentucky relaxes in his Washinffton office with a broad smile of victory after be ins rcclcctcti democratic sen ate leader at a caucus of parly members during which he re signed in protest asainst Presi dent RooscvcHs veto of the lax bill
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