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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - February 14, 1944, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY AND DCS u NEWSPAPER THAT VOL L MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS Associated and United Ptfla Full Leased WtK3 Five Cftnts Copy One Mans Opinion A Badio Commentary bj W EARL HALL Managing Editor BROADCAST SCHEDULE Homeland for the Worlds Jews MORE lo acquaint you with the facts and the history of the movement than to influence your thinking on the subject I am de voting this commentary to the plan arrived at a bit more than 25 years ago looking to the estab ishment in ancient Palestine i national home for the Jewish eople of the world The United States had an active interest in he original setup and the United States has an interest in the situa REDS ROLL ON NEARER LARGE BASE OF PSKOV Win 12000 Square Miles in Month Old Leningrad Offensive London red army rolled on Monday toward the big base of Pskov serving remaining nazi troops in northwestern Rus sia after clearing the Germans from all the east shore of Lake Peipus in a 5 day drive which swept up 800 localities including the rail hub of Luga The latest victories brought to 12000 square miles the amouut of territory the Russians have re conquered since they launched their Leningrad offensive just a month ago Monday They have 1 UlWlllll Li ion today as is evidenced by reached a point 150 miles resolution on the southwest of Leninsrad ct now pending in congress Lunging down from capiurea This resolution sponsored by Ostrovtsky southernmost point Rep James A Wright Pennsyl on Lake Peipus advance Russian vania democrat and Hanulf Comp units were less than 47 miles ton Connecticut republican calls iiryuLmcctn cans 1 on the United States to use its X good offices and take appropriate measures to the end that the doors of Palestine shall be opened for free entry of Jews into that coun try and that there shall be lull opportunity for colonization so that the Jewish people may ulti mately reconstitute Palestine as a free and democratic Jewish com monwealth IT was on Nov 2 1917 that the 1 British government in a state ment known as the Balfour declaration pledged itself to the creation of a Jewish home in Palestine This action followed consultation and approval by qual ified spokesmen for the United I ji States Two years later in 1919 1 President Wilson confirmed this when he pointed out that the al lied nations with the fullest con currence of our government and people are agreed that in Pales tine shall be laid the foundations a Jewish commonwealth On this foundation at St Jtemo on April 35 1928 the allied su preme council allotted the man I date for Palestine to Great Britain f the purpose of givint effect to the Balfour declaration Aeain ar known that America claimed a jrifht to pass on the terms of the maudate That right was conceded as at our insistence certain quickly as possible he declared minor alterations were made i draft of Ihe mandate i Two years later in 1922 our Icongress adopted a joint resolu indorsing the general idea of j the national home for Jews Then 1924 the Palestine mandate was recognized by a special treaty be ween Great Britain and the tailed States L of this I point out by way of suggesting how completely the whole matter has always been looked upon and treated as a sub ject of special American interest and joint responsibility While we were wrote this in sistence into the joint congres sional resolution of 1922 that nothing be done to prejudice the civil and religious rights of non Jewish communities in Palestine we have taken the position that the Jews as a race were entitled to a national home Liberal Chris tians everywhere have believed this MOW lets see how the plan 11 worked out in the 20 years or so of trial from Pskov the gateway tr southern Estonia and Latvia Far to the south meanwhile the Russians continued to wipe out theremnants of the 0 nazi divisions trapped in the Ukraine driving to within 4 miles of Kor sun which the Germans have made the core of their resistance Hurling masses of infantry and tanks against the outer rim of the death ring at a point west of Kor sun the Germans repeatedly were thrown back as they at tempted to carve out a corridor through which some of the trapped nazis might escape a so viet communique said Sunday nielil Luga which lies 80 miles south of Leningrad and the same dis tance northeast of Pskov was taken by storm after 2 soviet forces outflanked town from east and west thesoviet commu nique said Another Russian force fighting in the streets ol the town had to drive the Ger mans out of fortified stone houses and newlybuilt block houses The drive toward Pskov is not meeting any large number of German prisoners Maj Gen Alexander Gvozdkov of the Len ingrad front staff told American correspondents in have io smoke them out and when the situation is hope less the enemy withdraws Asked Germans when he thought the might stop retreatin and attempt to make a perma nent stand he said We are not thinking in those terms We are working to pre vent them from stopping GAS SHORTAGE STRIKES OHIO Mercury Dip Causes War Plants to Close Columbus Ohio Mon day wash went undone and bath ing was taboo Tuesday morning as a gas shortage hit Ohio closing war plants and making thousands of workers idle The Ohio Fuel Gas Co an increased use of as for stood has an area ot about 10000 square miles In more understand able terms its a little less than the size of Iowa In neither climate nor soil is it comparable with Iowa In 1920 Palestine had a population ol 83GOO Jews Twenty years later that popula tion had grown to more than half a million Al the same time the Arab population was growing from 600000 lo more than a mil lion This incidentally is a rather complete answer to the claim that the Arabs were going to be driven from Palestine under the mandate plan Coincident with the Palestinian growth in population between 1928 and 1949 came one of the most astounding industrial ex pansions ever known Starting from a few simple handicrafts Palestine industrial production now includes textiles leather ware chemicals electrical equip ment metal ware glassware ce ment and many specialized prod ucts Lacking coal the industrial ists have pumped in oil from Iraq Development of water power from the Jordan on the small scale has given at least a hint of the vast potentials in this field An example of how refugees from Europe have been blended into Palestines industrial picture can be had in the field of diamond cutting Some 3500 cutters who fled nazi domination in Holland ended up in Palestine The result has been the establishment in Palestine of an industry which is now the 2nd largest in the World Potash and other chemicals from the Bed sea have been the basis of another and amazing new in dustry A Portland cement industry launched by a Russian Jew cm ploys 800 Jews and 400 Arabs and Turn lo Page Z Monday night Residents of 350 municipalities were urged conserve gas whero ever possible by postponing wash day and giving up bathing tem porarily The lowest reported official Ohio temperature Sunday morn ing was 6 below zero at Dayton The only major cities not af fected by the gas shutoff which a company official termed a direct threat to the war program were those in industrial northeastern Ohio including Cleveland Akron Canton Youngstown Warren and Massillon The company said it hoped to supply the plants with gas soon but resumption of senice de pended on the mercurys continu ing its upward climb and effective ness of the fuei conservation cam paign Urging utmost cooperation E Al Tharp company vice presi dent said in an appeal to con sumers Many war plants connected to our lines eitner are curtailed in their production or shut down en tirely This represents a direct threat to the war program Also many thousands of war workers are thrown temporarily out of work We know of several in stances where important war pro jects will be held up for want of material that these people and plants are making Every customer should be will ing to sacrifice in his uses of gas so that service can be resumed to the war plants and production lines started again at Ihe earliest possible hour A company spokesman said gas was shut off from industries rather than residences because of custom ers health MASON CIIV IOWA MONDAY FEBRUARY 14 1944 HOME EDITION iTTnrri Aerial War in Southeast Asia Speeded By MORRIE LANDSBERG Associated Press War Editor American flyers smashed at Japanese positions near Hong Kong and probably sank 3 enemy vessels including a 5800ton merchant ship off the China coast U S bomber attacks in Burma also reflected the stepup in the southeast Asia air war preliminary to the big push Two more heavy raids rocked Rabaul New Britain deteriorat ing Japanese base vhich once was the pivot of the enemys en croachment in the southwest Pa cific The Nipponese lost a total of probably ol planes More than 250 fiahlers and bombers at a cost of 4 planes shot down 32 out of GO enemy in terceptors at Rabaul Thursday probably knocked off 15 addi tional planes and destroyed one oi the ground and managed to drop 174 tons of bombs on 2 air dromes besides The Solomonsbased planes ot Admiral William F Halseys forces unloaded another 134 tons of explosives the following day in the 12th raid in 14 days on he vulnerable base at the north east tip of New Britain Three enemy planes were bagged in this attack Allied raiders had no intercep tors to contend with in a 167ton bombing strike at Kavieng New Ireland Friday but 10 Japanese planes were destroyed on the ground Other air assaults hit the enemy from Celebes far to the northwest to the Solomons where light naval units joined in pound ing Japanese shore targets on Bougainville Continuance of the central Pa cific offensive was indicated by a Tokyo broadcast which said 2 formations of American B25 bombers attacked Japaneseheld Wotje and Taroa islands in the Marshalls Sunday There was no allied confirmation POLISH DISPUTE HEARS CRISIS Russian Patience Seems to BesitLpw Mark London Russian armies driving closer to the disputed Cur zon line were expected Monday to bring to acrisis this week British efforts to mediate between Poland and the soviet union The obvious danger was that when the Russians reach a terri tory they recognize as Polish they may create a rump government in Moscow in opposition to the pres ent Polish governmentinexile here an arrangement that would be unsatisfactory for both Britain and the United Stales Moscows patience ivith Poland and with Finland Bulgaria Rumania and to be running out on the basis of evidence which accumulated during the past week and the Soviets were leaving the impression that these countries would do well to settle their spores with Russia at once If Prime Minister Winston Churchills exchange with Pre mier Josef Stalin produced any real hope for a solution of the Polish question it was not an parent here In fact the Russians appeared less likely than ever either to treat with the present Polish government or to agree to any concessions which might make a settlement more palatable The soviet drive toward the Curzon line made the need for mediation more urgent than ever and eyery effort was being made by Downing street and the foreign office to find a last minute for mula for agreement Russia still was willing to ac cept a modified Curzon line boun dary but no longer agreed lo cede to Poland and now wants to share in the partition of East Prussia which was to have been tamed over to the Poles the Lon don Sunday Observer reported According to the Observer Rus sia also desires the important Baltic port of Koenigsberg and wants Poland to give Teschen to CzechoSIovakia Moscow origi nally made cessation of Lwow conditional upon the friendliness of the Polish government and in this connection the London news paper said the view in Moscow was that the Poles Had missed the bus 2 Nazi1 Agencies Told to Return From Turkey to Berlin Join British Istanbul nazi intelli gence agents who had been or dered to return to Berlin have gone over to the British it was learned Both are Alois von Kleckowski second in charge of counterespionage in Istanbul for the Germans and Capt Wilhelm Hamberger a ges tapo agent tast week a German clerk to the military attache gave himself up lo the British Bur War Savings Bonds apd from your GlobeGazette carrier PAASIKIVI NOW IN STOCKHOLM ON PEACE VISIT Reported Trying to Negotiate With Reds for Finn End in War Stockholm UR Reliable sources said Monday that the Finnish government sent Juho K Paasikivi former premier to Stockholm the express pur pose of contacting soviet officials and attempting to negotiate a separate peace Finland was understood to have informed the United States offi cially of Paasikivis status as a peace envoy before he left Hel sinki The United States earlier this month formally suggested to Fin land that she get out of the war as soon as possible if she hoped to avoid the hard final terms that await Germany and her satellites It was Paasikivi who negotiated the treaty that ended the 1939 1940 RussoFinnish war So far as was known however he had made no attempt yet to contact Mme Alexandra Kollon tay soviet envoy with whom he negotiated the peace pact nearly 4 years ago or any other Russian diplomat since his arrival Satur day at the Grand hotel scene of the preliminary talks w li i c h brought an end to the earlier war A usually wellinformed source reported that Jhe soviet legation here hail displayed considerable interest in Finnish activities and had sought definite information through indirect channels A London Daily Express dis patch from Stockholm reported that Adolf Hitler sent a note to Finland Sunday ordering the gov ernment to halt ail attempts lo reach a separate peace and threat ening necessarv measures by 120000 German troops in that country if the order was not obeyed The Express said German troops were reported in a state of alert at strategic dispositions throughout Finland The newspaper Dagens Nyheler reported that the Finnishmilitary attache had arranged a reception at the legation Monday for all win hOIjivinciuoJfigliiteriiir Minister Leo Ehrnrooth and former foreign minister Eljas Erkko Mrs Paasikivi will attend with out her husband the newspaper said causing speculation that he would be busy elsewhere although there was no indication of his pos sible activity Ehrnrooth arrived by ship from Helsinki Sunday There was noth ing concrete to indicate he was figuring in the peace ostensible purpose being to ad dress Swedish societies aiding Fin land Tuesday but observers pointed out that it would be very convenient to have a member of the cabinet in Stockholm at this time It was iccallcd that he had many years of experience in the League of Nations and served as a member of the Saar commission Aatos Vertaneu former member of the foreign affairs committee of the Finnish Riksdag parlia who came to Stockholm Feb 2 returned to Helsinki Sun day but it was unlikely that he was entrusted with an important mission since he always has strongly opposed Vaino Tanner who is acting Finnish premier WOMAN KILLED IN AUTO CRASH Mrs John Green Victim in CarTruck Collision Osase Mrs John Green 55 was killed Saturday when the car in which she was riding driven by her son Anthony collided with a gasoline truck driven by Matt Foxen on a gravel road 8 miles southeast of Osage The Green car headed north met the truck headon at the top of a hill Neither of theimen was serious ly injured but the Green car was almost demolished and the truck damaged considerably Mrs Greens death was instantaneous The accident occurred near the Harold Sullivan farm Mr Sulli van being a witness to the crash Funeral services will be held Tuesday morning at St Peters church New Haven in charge of Father Mayer Burial will be in St Peters cemetery Mrs Green was born Anna Krit zer daughter of Mr and Mrs George Kritzer Fergus Falls Minn Dec 23 1888 She was one of 15 children She is the 4th one to meet death by accident as 2 of her sisters Isabel and Susan and a brother Otto were killed in a cyclone several years ago In 1914 she was married to John Green at Fergus Falls Here they resided for H years then came to Mitchell county where they since made their home on a farm near New Haven Surviving are her husband John Green 2 daughters Mrs Velmar Mcllnay and Cordelia Green both or Chicago 1 son Anthony at home 8 brothers and 3 sisters NO Ill Allied Troops Regain Initiative With Battles on Bridgehead South of Rome CASSINO History haunts this focal uazi stronghold inlo which the Yanks of the 5th army arc battlfns their way in winterswept mountains just behind those shown iu the artists sketch which also indicates the open road that leads to Rome Here it was that Hannibal lousht the Roman legions CHAPLIN IS FINGERPRINTED Will Be Arraigned in a Week at Hollywood Hollywood Cal r a liminary to his trial in federal court on Mann act and conspiracy charges The whitehaired comedian in dicted by a federal grand jury on 2 counts of violating the 3Iami act and Z of conspiring to xiolatc the civil liberties of Joan Barry led a parade of 6 codefendants into the marshals laboratory They will hc ar raigned in federal court a week from Monday Chaplin arrived at a m wearing a yellow sweater a white sports coal brown pants and a scowl as hc ran first the gantlet ot several hundred movie fans and a double row of news photographers Striding beside Chaplin in the chain lightning flashes of the cameramen along the 6th floor corridor of the federal building was his attorney the tamed crim inal lawyer Jerry Giesler who defended Errol Flynn from statu tory rape charges last year time since he came to Hollywood C 1 30 yenrs ago from London OCnUeCZ Hc hastened to a washroom Gieslcr hastened beside him car rying a towel Reporters asked Chaplin what he hsid to say for himself He turned to his attorneys who ans wered for him He doesnt have anything to say Aftergetting as much of the ink off his fingers as he could returned to the marshals Acusedto he comedies which netted hiin a for tune estimated at SB000000 Apprised o an erroneous re port that he had refused to be Sfmgerprinted Chaplin smiled for the fust time and exclaimed I Who am I to impede the United States aovernment He left the federal building at a m passing through crowds of curiosity seekers in cluding 2 elderly women one of whom said audibly The rat Chaplin ignored her got into Gieslers car and drove away Southwest Pacific Has 72 Aces With Combined Bag of 554 Jap Planes A I f i ed Headquarters in the Southwest Pacific 2 iv years of combat against the Japa Chaplin badly in need of a hair the southwest Pacific has 72 cut strode into the fingerprinting i room as many of the stenog raphers movie fans deputies and photographers as could crowd in I dont want my photograph taken while Im bcinjr finger printed Chaplin said Newsmen protested they hnd made pictures of all other de fendants with their fingers in the ink U S Attorney Charles Can who presented the case against the multimillionaire comedian to the federal grand jury snapped Hes no different else than anyone The cameramen went to work Chaplins eyes blinked in the succession of flash bulbs explod ing while a deputy inked his fin gers on a pad ond carefully made prints on a sheet of marked paper It took nearly 20 minutes for Chaplin to leave prints of each finger Then hc emerged with hands dirtier perhaps than at any fighter aces whose combined baa of enemy planes totals 354 fifth airforce headquarters said Mon day On the basis of records on file up lo Feb 1 2 pilots have de stroyed 21 planes each have knocked oul 15 or more 8 have 10 or more lo their credit 31 have over 5 planes each and 24 have exactly 5 each the number re quired to become an ace Col Necl E Kcarby San An tonio Tex and Capl Richard I Bong Poplar Wis are tied as topranking aces with 21 planes each Bong has been in the United States on leave Kearby recently awarded the congressional medal of honor has been out of combat during a leave in Australia Third ranking ace is Capl Thomas B McGuirc Jr San An tonio Tex with 17 Hes followed by Major Thomas J Lynch Ca lasauqua Pa and Major George Swelch Wilmington Del with 16 the each Welch is no longer in southwest Pacific Sixth is Major Daniel T Rob erts Jr Springfield N Mcx and seventh is Major Edward Cragg Greenwich Conn with 14 Cragg is listed as missing in action Lt Ralph Wondrey 408 Sixth S E Mason City Iowa has shot down 5 planes CHARLIE CHAPLIV Fingerprinted Montana Republicans Send Dewey Valentine Helena group of Helena republicans Monday sent this telegraphic valentine to Gov Thomas E Dewey of New York Please stop playing hard to get With that no not interested line Just say youll be president And be our Valentine CRASHES ON FOX HUNT Brooking S Dak Gcdnalske Brookings fur dealer was killed when his light plane stalled and crashed while he was vising it Sunday in a fox hunt Representative From is rOlUlU Washington tive Leonard W Schuelz demo crat from the seventh congres sional district of Illinois died Sun day night at the age of 56 caused by a heart at tack was the second in the II Hnois congres sional delegn lion within month Reprc sentative Wil liam H Wheat republican from Ihe stales 19th district died Jan 16 of a par alytic stroke SCHUETZ Sehuetz in congress since 1931 died at his apartment here Attendants said he had just removed his telephone receiver from the hook either lo place a personal cail or possibly to summon aid when the end came When the operator failed lo gel a response after a long inler val the apartment manager en tered the room and found him dead He was a member of the house naval affairs committee and of the select committee on conservation of wildlife resources He is sur vived by his ler widow and a daugh Report Allied Convoy Entered Mediterranean London Germancon trolled Vichy radio said Monday that a large allied convoy consist ing of 6 troop transports 60 cargo ships and 4 tankers strongly es corted by warcraft had passed Gibraltar and entered the Med iterranean 200 YARD GAIN AT CASSINO IS MADE BY YANKS Allies Say Monastery Atop Mountain Is Used by Germans By EDWAKD KENNEDY Allied Headquarters Algiers of a secsaw char acter but of lessened intensity liaa marked the allied perimeter al Anzio in the past 24 hours allied headquarters announced Monday after weathering a weekend crisis Regaining the initiative in part after the blanketing of al lied air support by bad weather had given German armored units an edge British troops drive for ward and recaptured a bottleneck tiridjre over Ihe railway west of Carroceto 10 miles north of Anzio with the support of tanks Emphasizing the indeterminate nature of the battle however the Germans again occupied the fac tory a half mile cast of Carrocelo after days of fierce fighting in w h i c h the battered packing houses and silolike structures Bcnito Mussolinis agricullural enterprise changed hands 4 times While the allied air forces again struck the German ring about the bridgehead and other objectives with the f u r y of 800 sorties American troops paid with blood and sweat for a 200 yard advance in Cassino 60 miles to the cast battering dawn each German stronghold in a housclohouse struggle The Germans loo still held the ancient lowers and buildings of the Benedictine Monastery atop the hill west of Cassino PplUnvinR Saturdays alliedan mer residence at Castel jest north of the Anzio bridge head was saturated with Ger mans and fherefore to bombing the allies slated that the Ml Cassino monastery was beiiif used by the Germans as a part of their fortifications as well as au observation post and that it might have to be iaken by direct assaull But there was no report here contrary to Rome radio declara tions lhat Ihe Abbey had yet been bombarded The German communique de clared an sillied penetration to the center of Cassino has been eliminated Rome was bombed Sunday night it An official announcement said the Germans again had bombed an alliedr transit hospital near Anzio Saturday night and caused casualties Previously the Ger mans had bombed one hospital and shelled another both plainly marked with the Red Cross in signia Another announcement said the British and Americans had taken well over 2000 German prisoners in the beachhead fighting since the landings on Jan 22 Since the allies jmllcd in Ihcir forward units ami formed Ihcir present perimeter around the beachhead on Feb 3 the line has Buy War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Fair and colder Mon day night Lowest temperature at Mason City 5 Tuesday partly cloudy Iowa Partly cloudy lo cloudy Monday night and Tuesday occasional light snow extreme south portion colder Minnesota Partly cloudy and colder Monday night and Tues day IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Sunday 27 Minimum Sunday night 22 At 8 a m Monday 23 Snow Trace YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum The figures for Sunday Maximum Saturday Maximum Saturday night At 8 a m Sundav Snow YEAR AGO f Maximum Minimum 1 17 11 8 9 Trace 14 6 i been firmly held ami has re mained substantially unchanged despite strong German counler atlacks alons the northern flank a headquarters commentator staled Many of Ihcse attacks were made by units of he 715th Ger man infantry division hurried to Italy from southern France The division suffered heavy casual ties and was not considerably de pleted As n result the German attacks diminished in the past 24 hours The German attacks grew par ticularly ominous Friday when German armor began jabbing at the allied flanks with rain gales and mist breaking up the air cover which previously had kept the enemy tanks in check Sunday the ground was soft making the movements of vehicles difficult and the weather while colder became somewhat clearer allowing the impatient British and American airmen to resume their regular patrols divebombing and strafing Patrol activity on the ground continued on all the other fronts but many mountain passes wcro blocked by snow on the eighth army front French troops in the Tcrclle area north of Cassino ambushed one German patrol taking prison ers Further sovith the Germans put in a fierce counterattack around Mt Castellone They left 100 dead on the slopes American spitfire pilots re ported that the German air force had thrown its newest singleen gined fighter an improved Tocke Wulf 100 with an aircooled mo tor into the battle of the Anzio beachhead Pilots sighted the new
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