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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - December 30, 1943, Mason City, Iowa SAVE AM I Am Ammunition For Denf Waste or Throw Me Away DEPARTMENT Or HI STORY COUP THE NEWSPAKK THAT HOME EDITION MAKES ALL NORTH JOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL L Associated Press and United Press Full Leased Wires Five Onts a Copy MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY DECEMBER IMS BAN HARD COAL IPMENT OUT Of EAST AREAS Embargo on Westward Is Placed by Secretary Ickes Washington Sec rclary Ickes announced Thursday that the hard coal shortage in the east is so severe that no more hard coal will be shipped west of the OhioPennsylvania boundary until April J The embargo on westward ship he said will provide about 300000 additional tons for the east Ickes replying sarcastically to the war manpower commission asserted he is more positive than ever the coal shortage is due to a considerable extent to a man power shortage He accused the manpower com mission of giving no help except to conduct a recruiting campaign that was unsuccessful The manpower commission re cently attributed coal shortages to the work stoppages in the mines this year At another point ot a news con ference Ickes assailed coal dis tributors in the east who lie said are reluctant to handle soft coal because they thing Santa wilJ bring them anthracite These dealers he said appar ently dont want to build up soil coal in their market areas and are willing to do anything to win the war except the one thing they arc capable of doing The cabinet member whois solid fuels administrator declarec there is too much this in the United States Im not God he said I make anthracite hard coal thats not there and I cant produce miners In addition to he embargo cut ting off hard coal from the west he announced that 8flOO tons ol Xew York Citys share of hart coal is bein frozen for sale only to customers whose furnaces cannot burn soft coal Where they dealers take bituminous well ship it in anyhow and make it available tr consumers IcKesasserted Wi Darent agoing to letthe peopK freeze some dealers are obstructing the program When a reporter pointed ou that the Executive Director Law rence A Appley of the manpower commission had denied this week that any shortage was due to j manpower crisis Ickes responded Did he really Well I am mor positive than ever that such Is th case NO 2240 Tons of Bombs Add New Destruction in Berlin SMOKE DRIVES THEM OUT from the basement of the Gamble store Wednesday night drove2 employes of KGLO out of the building and caused a tem porary shutdown of the studio and the Mason City Can teen This picture was taken during one of the times when smoke was not so heavy and shows part of the huge crowd which gathered in the business section to watch the fire Firemen worked until after 3 oclock Thursday morning at the building although the fire was brought under control within a couple of hours of the alarm The fire started from spontaneous combustion in the basement according to Acting Chief James Kelley of the fire de partment Lock photo Kayenay engraving 2 KGLO Employes Rescued by Firemen Store Building Damaged By Blaze Fire which broke out in the basement of the MacNider building 200 North Federal avenue about oclock Wednesday night caused the temporary closing of the KGLO studios the evacuation oi Mason Citys Canteen for service men and women and caused heavy damage to the stock and fixtures of Gamble store as well as consider Wallace Is Scheduled to Make 4 Speeches Washington President Wallace is scheduled to make 4 major speeches in February as fol lows Los Angeles Feb 4 San Francisco Feb 7 Seattle Feb 9 and Springfield 111 Feb 12 Z ERRORS MADE Chicago UR On Christmas eve Harlan H Eveland a work er for the Superheater company received a check which through a clerical error paid him S997 for S231 owed him Company of ficials discovered another mis take Thursday when they took the canceled check to Evelands address and round him unknown there FLU CASES DECLINING Des Hoines number ol influenza cases in Iowa appears to be declining State health de partment records Thursday showed only 2579 cases reported in Iowa so Jfar this week com pared with 11463 during all of last week More than 20000 cases have been reported since Dec 1 Buy War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy able damage to offices on the 2nd floor and the building in gen eral in one of the worst fires of the year KGLO Mason Citys radio sta tion was forced to go on the air Thursday morning operating from an improvised studio at the trans mitter house a mile and a haif west of the city after KGLQs en gineering staff had spent the en tire night rewiring controls of the studio so that broadcasting could be carried on as usual outside of the studio itself It was believed that the studio would not be used for several days but all opera tions of KGLO will be carried on as scheduled from the transmitter house IVIore than 2 hours of fighting dense black smoke had the Mason City fire department on the road to being whipped before the off shift was sent on duty at p m Two engines a salvage the combination company and the chiefs car were all brought into service The off shift was called at p m Acting Chief James Kelley who was fighting his first serious fire since he succeeded his ex chief Dan Shire recently said that the fire started fronv spon taneous combustion in the stock of furniture tires paint and HIPOCKETS Your newspaper boy is net re quired to carry a GlobeGazette anyone him nwre Uuui ife hard ware ment stocked in the base was a most difficult fire to combat but firemen handled the task expertly holding the loss from smoke flame and water to a mini mum It was a test of the effi ciency of a department whose ranks had been depleted by the calls of men to the war services but the hundreds who watched them perform courageously and effectively paid silent tribute o this group of men whose job it is to protect the city from destruc tion by fire the entire basement of the build ing burning They immediately started flooding the basement with lines strung from 3 hydrants and 250 feet of 3 inch hose 1100 feet of 2Vi inch hose and 350 feet of 114 inch hose were used A thrilling rescue in which 2 firemen brought 2 employes of KGLO to safety climaxed the eve ning Bud Suter KGLO announcer and Mason City high school ath letic coach remained in the con trol room with Janice Highsmith KGLO secretary until smoke and fire drove them out Lt Harold H Hntchinson car ried Miss Highsmlth down a lad der from the 2nd story window of KGLO to safely after Lieutenant Cunningham had entered the smoke filled room and taken her o thewindow Lieutenant Cunningham hen went back for Suter who climbed down the ladder to safety with Lieutenant Cunningham Suter and Miss Highsmith had been un able to leave the building because of the smoke The 2 employes were the only persons in the building at the time the fire broke out with the exception of service men at the Mason City Canteen The Canteen was evacuated and the men were sent to the Hotel Han ford Al Heinz a new announcer on KGLO had left the building about p m Shortly after this Suter noticed smoke He called to Miss rlighsmtth and the 2 searched ockers in an effort to determine whether the smoke was coming from KGLO Miss Highsmith then walked out into the hall and found hat the smoke was even denser than in the control room Soter turned in the alarm at pm and the 2 stood by the controls wait in E for the next an nouncement It was through in sistance of Howard OLeary sec and treasurer of Indian head Farms Inc a business inter estof Brig General HanCord Mac Nider that firemen extended a ladder to a second story window of KGLO quarters to see whether the 2 had left their posts yet With the control lines cut off at KGLO the entire night staff of the station was moved to the transmitter house There Suter continued with his announcements and Pat Patterson gave his eve ning news roundup as usual at 10 p m At p m No 1 engine re turned to quarters for new hose and No 2 engine returned at p m About a foot and a half of water covered the floor of the basement before the fire was ex tinguished Firemen worked for hours before the last truck re turned to quarters at a m Thursday morning Windows in the front of the store were broken to allow the smoke to escape Great black clouds rolled out of Ihe basement of the Gamble store for more than an hour the height of the fire Orvilie Tuskind manager of the store stated that the basement was filled with stock of a heavy nature He estimated the loss at between and S25WO Acting Capt Clifford J Pierce was in charge of the 3st battalion which was on duty at the time of the alarm and Capt Thomas M Keenan was in charge of the 2nd battalion called in It was believed by firemen that smoke caused the heaviest dam age Police and highway patrol men handled traffic during the fire and Sheriff Tim Phalen as sisted firemen Great BreakThrough in West Ukraine Is Scored by Russians London German DNB news agency said Thursday tha Russian troops have broken into the White Russian stronghold o Vitebsk and that street fighting was underxvay inside the citj Admiral King States Allies Ready to Shift Full Powers to Pacific Probably in 44 Washington Ernest J King commander in chief of the fleet said Thursday that plans are ready for shifting full strength of the united nations into the war against Japan prob sometime in 1944 Preparation of the plans he said has been under way for several months and may not wait until defeat of Germany which NAZIS DECLARE ALLIES LANDED BEYOND FRONT Leapfrog Assauh on Beaches at Garigliano River Is Reported London In a Berlin broadcast Thursday said the allies had made a leapfrog landing on the Italian west coast near the mouth of the Garigliano river The broadcast declared that the allied landing forces presumably from LI Gen Mark W Clarks 5th army had been intercepted on Uio beaches before reaching the Appian way leading to Rome and that as a result the action was lo calized There was no immediate allied confirmation oC the German re port However an amphibious operation could be one of the ways by which Gen Clark might seek to break the German front along the Gulf ot Gaeta where it has been stabilized several weeks in an ef fort to strike for Rome Similar operations were carried out repeatedly in Sicily to out he agreed with Gen p w igh t D Eisenhower may be expect ed in 1944 I am hope ful and oxpec t a n t King said that Ger many will be defeated in 1944 I am ex pectant that u n r emit ting pressure on Japan will be continued a n d increased I dont know whether a n y London red army has scored a great breakthrough i Hank the German lines Buy War Bonds and Stamps from your GlebeGazelle Carrier the northwest Ukraine sweeping forward 31 to miles on a 186 mile front and routing 22 German divisions in 6 days of violent fighting Premier Josef Stalin in a special order ofthe day v Gen Nikolai F Vatutins army the Ukraine captured more than 1000 towns and villages in one of Russias most sensational triumphs ol the entire war which rolled t h e demoralized nazis aack toward old Poland and the Balkans The soviet onrush put to flight 14 German infantry divisions and 8 tank divisions including the once vaunted armored unit bear ing the name ot Adolph Hitler Stalins order reported REDS ROLL TOWARD 1939 POLISH BORDER Moscow Nikolai Va tutins first Ukraine army spear heading a great soviet 3 front win ter offensive rolled toward Rus sias 1939 frontier Thursday across the Hat frozen steppes that con tain few nature defense obstacles east of the Bug river in Poland 190 miles away Vatutins troops were less than 48 miles from the rail and river town Gorodnitza on the old PolishRussian border following their spectacular capture of the rail hub of Korosten Wednesday Aiming toward the first plunge out of soviet territory they pushed forward impetuously on the heels of a bitterly resisting but exhaus ted enemy With the northern arm ot Va tutins forces rapidly expanding a 42milewide breach in the Len ingradOdessa railway from Kor osten south to Chernyakhov other units were closingin on Zhitomir from the north and east and la test front dispatches placed van guards beyond the town oMJvkov 5 miles northeast of that equally important junction of the western Ukraine rail network Nowhere were there any signs that Marshal Fritz von Mann steins thoroughly disorganized army would be able to stem the tumultuous soviet onrush short of the Bug river On the southern front inside the Dnieper river bend Gen Rodion Malinovskys third Ukraine army in a new supporting drive seconc in importance only to Vatulins offensive struck westward across the river from Zaporozhc in 9mile advance that completely restored the great Dnieper dann to Russian hands Zaporozhe itself40 miles south of Dnepropetrovsk was captured on Oct 14 Thursdays thrust lib erated than 20 towns in cluding Khortitsa island in the Dnieper opposite Zaporozhe dis patches reported This drive was apparently heading for Nikopol chicE source ot Germanys sorely needed manganese 35 miles south west Between the scenes ol these 2 major Russian offensives the Ger mans pressed stiff attacks north of Kirovorrad In an attempt to keep open that center of road and rail communications They used lance tank and infantry forces bu their tactical positions were un favorable for anything more lhan local gains or delaying action t protect their withdrawal from that threatened region Nazis Outwitted Again in One of Siggest Blunders By EDDY GILMORE Moscow German high ommand appears to have tost ontrol of its forces at least tem lonirily on the Russian front in he blackest period for the nazis ince their investion of the soviet union It is as apparent as the face on he Kremlin clock that Hitler or his generals or both have guessed onff been outwitted y the red army general staff and lave made one of their greatest blunders of the war Marshal von Mannslcius whole Ukrainian front is caving in His proud tank units arc piling up in the snows Garrisons are out of commun cation with the command They vere being surrounded and the Russians are retaking territory Hitlers big blunder was his counteroffensive west of Kiev He drew large number ol tanks and soldiers from other sections of the front and from the deep France Italy Poland and the threw Ihem with great fury into Gen Nikolai Vatutins front hoping to a breakthrough cut off large numbers of red troops re take Kiev and capture command of the middle Dnieper again His jireal effort gave him Z and and lots of villages which are not important But it cost him severa thousands tanks and thousands ol soldiers F R Not in Office Because of Head Cold Washington r e s i d e n Roosevelt stayed away from his offices again Thursday becaus of a head cold He still had no fever white house officials said but no appointments were madi for him Aides said he was abli to do a good deal of work Wednesday and probably woulc Thursday Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Mostly cloudy Thurs day night Friday fair no much change in temperature lowest Thursday night in Mason City 18 Iowa Fair with little change in temperature Thursday night an Friday Minnesota Fair Thursday nigh and Friday little change in temperature IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Wednesday 42 Minimum Wednesday night IS At 8 a m Thursday 16 YEAR AGO Maximum 25 Minimum 16 KING ALLIES ADVANCE OVER HEAVILY MINED ROAD Allied Headquarters Algiers army troops have iressed a mile up the Adriatic oast from Ortona toward Pescara ver a heavilymined road allied leadquarters announced Thursday vhile American bombers ripped nto nazi supply lines in Italy Flying fortresses marauders nd other bombings concentrated Vedncsday on blocking seaports nd railroads supplying German orces across the peninsula battle inc with heavy blows especially in Rimini and Fcrrara On the left flank ol their acl at Ortonn 8th army units leized an important hill half a nile northwest of Villa Grande leadqnarlers said In the central sector 5th army roops stormed 3000foot Mt Cer sauola 5 miles east of Biagio af er a halfmile advance The hill overlooks the ColleAtina high way Heavy German attacks on Ponta at the mouth of the Garig tano river on the west coast have died down with the village still n allied hands a headquarters officer said Elsewhere on the front patrols were active Troops which took Ortona Tues day found the town full of booby traps and time bombs The Canadian press said Can adian troops had driven 2 miles beyond Ortona on 1 straight Mac Adam road and advanced patrols probably were Hearing the Ariclli river 7 miles beyond the Moro river and ihe next probable Ger man line of defense The Germans were reported still holding San Vittore on the road to Cassino but delayed battle line dispatches from the 5th army front said that a terrific American ar tillery bombardment had levelled thn village and that American pa trols had penetrated the edge of the village but had been forced to withdraw one else has announced it but would be an obvious studies have been underway for several months looking to a shift of power from the European the ater to the Pacific theater not only when Germany is defeated but as her defeat seems near at hand The navys Commanderinchief added in an interview that wlie the shift in power is made the main lines of attack on Japan arc already determined and addi tional means will be used to ad ditionally implement the genera strategy of defeat for Japan Asked if the United States now Is in a better position because o the increased size of the fleet which has been doubled in the last year he replied emphatically We are in a better position to retain what is technically knowi asthe initiativeWed be t along faster against Japan it had more means Those addi tional means will be available with transfer ot power from the European theater he added Referring to recently reported attempts by the aircraft carrier and her supporting ves sels to lure the Japanese fleet from the enemys main biac at Truk for a showdown light King said such a battle would be wel comed Weve done sevoral tilings o get Ihem out he asserted And we are going to do several more in an endeavor to Bel them out To Japanese assertions that they may launch offensive operations in 1944 he replied I dont quite see how they arc going on the offensive where they are in contact in the Pacific What they may do in China Man RAF MAY HAVE TINISHED OFF NAZIS CAPITAL U S Heavy Bombers Hammer Targets Witk Daylight Assaults London 8th air orce heavy bombers driving deep nto Europe by daylight following the RAFs a240 U Ston assault on Berlin Wednesday night ham mered targets in southwest Ger many Thursday It was the 8th major operation of the month for the flyiue for tresses and liberators anil was a part of a furious daylong assault against uazis continental inslal lations As usual the American heavy bombers were escorted by a strong supporting force of Ameri can and RAF fiehtitm planes The brie official announcement did not name specific targets but in the area designated lie such key German cities as Stuttgart Mannheim Frankfurt and Karls ruhe Wednesday nights heavy RAF assault may have finished off Ber lin as working capital ol Germany The engines of the mighty RAF night armada that dealt ihe 8th heavy knock at the German capi tal since the campaign of destruc tion was begun were hardly cold before large formations heavy daylight bombers fighterbomb ers and fighters streaked toward the continent in the direction ot the bristling rocketgun coasts of France last pounded by a 1300plane American fleet on Christmas eve The extraordinary strong force of British Lancasters and Hali faxes Meat over desolated Berlin in the early evening and through a heavy cover of clouds dumped one of the largest loads of explo sives and fire bombs ever poured on one atrget in an attack in this war In the raiding formations was the largos force of heavy bomb ers ever sent out by the Royal Canadian Air Force In announcing the operation the air ministry described the attack as very heavy and concentrated and said that smoke spiraled up ward to 1GOOO feel from Ihe large fires set by 2000 long tons of high explosives and incendiaries Twenty bombers were lost in the raid in mosquito attacks oil western and central Germany and northern France and in minelay ing operations Bive the heavy bombers lost were Canadian This was well below the aver age ot 28 lost in the 7 previous Explosion on Farm Results in Death of Boy Another Injured Fairficld explosion on the Gerald Riley farm near Pack wood Wednesday afternoon brought death to Cloyce Riley 7 and critically injured his brother Dean 10 Dean suffered severe head and other injuries Jack Raymond Jefferson coun ty coroner said the explosion oc curred while the 2 boys were playing near a corncrib some dis tance from the house The parents and 2 older sons were in the house at the time Cloyce was dead when they arrived at the scene His head was shattered Raymond said he and Sheriff Thomas Howell were unable to determine what caused the explo sion A nearly empty gasoline drum in the blast area had not burned he said No inquest will churia or even Burma is some thing else Their shipping losses which are going on constantly are putting them in a position where the only offensive that would get them anywhere in the Pacific is am phibious They are getting shorter and shorter of a large number is necessary to do that They might dredge up enough for one such operation but I dont think they are very hanpy about j their shipping siluulion Using a long cfcarel lighter as a pointer he moved it across a chart pointing out the steady forcing back of the Japanese pe rimeter of bases Asked if it would be necessary for the United Stales to continue the current island hopping cam paign throughout the Pacific islands he replied Of course Im afraid hat ques tion is like the famous one Do you still beat your wife We never had the intention of island hop ping The socalled island hopping is due in large measure to the lim itation of ways and means avail able to do anything That is a big factor in the Pacific If we had more out there we could strike at more points with more force Germanys defeat would not change our general strategy against Japan greatly he said be cause we are working on main strategic lines now Obviously the implementation of the strategy will be markedly increased be held The explosion which destroyed which was filled soybeans caused a fire the corncrib with corn and Indian Chief Sends Peace Pipe to F R Los Angeles UP Big Chief Many Treaties 70 hereditary chief the Blackfeet Indians sen President Roosevelt a peace pipe Thursday With the experts pre dicting peace in Europe next year we must not be caught unpre pared he said JAILBRCAKER SENTENCED Clinton Watson 27 who cut jail bars and escaped Irorr jail here last summer was sen tenced Wednesday to 1 year i the Iowa State penitentiary a Fort Madison on escaping custody a charge o raids on Berlin The grim bombardment the 8th in 42 days presumably was di rected at sections of the city which so far had escaped It was estimated unofficially that ruins noiv were spread through at least 75 per cent of Berlin enough to spelt the end of the capital as the nerve center of Germanys poli tics and economics After the last previous attack on Dec 24 it was estimated thai BO per cent of the ty was devastated Under he nazi regime more nd more power and influence concentrated within the cap si and the city became not only lie party center but the hub of lie reichs industry and commerce s well Berlins razing therefore would o far beyond the destruction of he buildings within her sprawling joundaries and affect the cen ralized administration of the war hroughout Germany and occupied erritories However the flight of ministries from the capital began early last August more than 2 months before the RAF started its rcmcndous knockout campaign on Nov 22 Thursdays German communi que acknowledged heavy dainnge several districts ot the vcich capital Dsetruction was oiised Jarticularly in residential quar ters It was the 99th British Attack inclndinc mosquito stabs on the nazi capital hit by nearly 11909 tons of bombs in 7 previous saults since an obliteration pairn was launched in midNo vember The knockout cninpaign began Nov 18 when the RAF hurled 2 500 long tons on Berlin and Lug wigshaten The succeeding raids on Berlin were Nov bombers drop ping 2300 long Ions Nov estimated 1400 tons Nov than 1000 tons Dec lhan 1500 tons Dec tons Dec tons Reluming crewmen Wednfcday nigh reported sighting the glow of fires some time before we reached the capital Smoke had reached a height ot more lhan feel when 4
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