Wednesday, December 29, 1943

Mason City Globe Gazette

Location: Mason City, Iowa

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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - December 29, 1943, Mason City, Iowa REDS STORMING OUTER DEFENSE OF 2 BIG BASES Push Nearer Zhitomir and Korosten Vital Rail Junction Points BULLETIN London red army has captured the important north Ukraine rail and highway junction of Korosten in its re sumed offensive west of Kiev Moscow announced Wednesday night London days alter his troops regained the offensive Gen Nikolai Vatutins forces Wednes day were storming the outer de fenses of Khitomir and Korosten strategic junction points on the LeningradOdessa railway 80 miles west of the Ukrainian capi tal of Kiev Front dispatches placed 1 spear head of Vatutins first Ukraine army within It mites of Zhitomir after sweeping thronrt Koro stishev and Smolovki Heavy sov iet field cuns planted less than miles I away were solteninz the citys defense works Other advance units smashed weakening enemy lines and cap tured Zlobichi 5 miles southeast of Korosten and Bekhi an equal distance to the northeast Thus in the first week of his new winteroffensive Vatutin has recaptured approximately half the territory which Marshal Fritz von Mannstein took during his abor tive 5week tank drive in the Kiev bulge Beoccupation of Zhitomir and Korosten apparently just a matter of days would nullify almost all of the enemys sains achieved during his costly counteroffen sive The red army scored on 2 other important sectors of the long front according to the Moscow communique In northern White Russia Gen Ivan Bagra miaris Siberian shock troops dis sipated 16 German counter attacks on the approaches to Vitebsk killed more than 1200 nazis and liberated several vil lages Dispatches said Bagra vanguards were miles of that teavilyfortified enemy stronghold Soulhof the Kiev bulge inthe Dnieper bend the Germans were also falling back In the drive on Kirovograd the Russians de stroyed 33 nazi tanks and killed 1000 enemy troops after shatter ing a fierce tank and infantry counterattack with a deadly ar tillery barrage The Germans were forced back to their original positions in this area Moscow said Greatest sains were recorded in the Kiev bulge fighting however The Germans were falling back so rapidly in this area that they were forced to abandon 16 bit guns mines 30090 shells nearly 1000000 cartridges and 100 trucks Russian prison cages rapidly filled Moscow said Vatutins troops forced passage ot the Teterev river defense bar rier in their swift advance on Zhitomir The gains put them less than 115 miles from the Ru manian border and the former Russian province Bessarabia The surging red army troops captured 60 more villages Tues day besides Korostishev and Smo lovka including Nefchvoroch 17 id of Signs Mount of Approach of Invasion London British com mando raids on one of Germanys island outposts off the French coast and signs that an allied in vasion of western Europe was relatively near were reported in nazi broadcasts Wednesday Simultaneously American troops were revealed to be rehearsing with live bullets bombs and shells for the coming invasion The ex ercises were causing real casual lies but high officers were said to have adopted the theory that it was better to lose a few men today than many tomorrow A German DNB broadcast said British forces twice in the past 3 days carried out unsuccessful lommando raids on Sark one of the channel islands some 15 miles off the west coast of the Cher tourg peninsula and 100 miles southeast of the English coast When the enemy approached the beach heavy explosions were observed indicating that beach One dead British soldier later was found German defenses did not go into action While British sources said they could not confirm or deny the German report similar commando raids can be expected with the approach of the zero hour for the opening of a second front be cause of the necessity of Catherine information about enemy disposi tions On at least one other occasion British commandos raided the channel islands and brought back a number of German prisoners The islands owned by the British were evacuated after the fall of France in 1940 The Germans alsoreported an unsuccessful British F r c n c h commando raid on the French channel coast Sunday The American invasion exer1 cises were regarded as probably the most realistic and extensive ever conducted by the U S army Whole towns have been evacu ated and wide stretches of the countryside cleared of everything including livestock to prepare a practical no mans land Beaches bristle with pillboxes like those across Ihe English channel Barge after barge jammed with troops is being t sent against the practice beachesjwhile navalguns miles northeast of Berdichev an Pavoloch 25 miles southwest o Fastov RAILWAY PRESIDENT BECOMES Build piesiclent of the Burlington railroad is sworn into the army in Chicago as i colonel alter his assignment by Secretary of War Stinison tooperate centralwestern railways under orders from President Roosevelt Maj Gen G E Van Tassel right administers oath Watching are left to right Col Dan Hardy and Maj J A Hillman lery emplacements in lay down a barrage the Bills that just clears the heads of the troops The course lasts 3 weeks but when it is over the men are ready for D day and H hour Captain Ludwig Sertorius mil itary correspondent for the Ger man transocean agency said re connaissance and intelligence have reported military move ments in England that can be interpreted as signs that inva sion is relatively near These signs he said include concentration of shipping in southern English harbors consid erably increased transport move ments on British railways and highways and intensified allied air raids on German fortifications on the channel coast MANY SHIPS ARE IN GIBRALTAR Vichy Radio Reports 58 Boats in Harbor London heaviest ship ping movements at Gibraltar since the Italian invasion were reported by axis radios Wednesday along with tresh boasts about the im pregnability of German defenses on the French invasion coast The Vichy radio reported a British cruiser and 9 torpedo boats had left Gibraltar and that D8 merchant vessels were in the harbor at present The Berlin radio quoted a Ma drid report that convoy of 77 ships mostly vessels had arrived al Gibraltar from an Atlantic crossing The Swiss radio said consider able German troop movements took place in France over Christ mas while the naziconirolled Paris radio declared the German coastal defense system in France would make an invasion very costly Martin Hallenslebcn military correspondent for the German DNB agency said German com mands everywhere were ready to set in motion the intricate huge antiinvasion machine that is ready for the reception of the AngloAmericans on the entire European front Marshal Erwin Rommels in spection tour of defenses at like ly invasion points showed clear ly that Germany is ready that the German defenses and counter j attacking machine is only expect ing the green lighl Hallenslebcn said He predicted that the allies would attempt a diversion ma neuver simultaneously with the main invasion but did not elab orate Another DNB broadcast as serted that the Germans have built a I16TmiIe long Atlantic wall composed of staggered pill boxes and other defenses depth to protect the western ramparts of axis Europe Each unit is selfcontained with its own barracks workrooms and power supplies deep underground DNB said 3 German Destroyers Are Sunk By WILLIAM SMITH WHITE London brilliant new victory in the British navys cam paign to destroy the last effective strength of the German the sinking by combined warship rnd air action of 3 German de stroyers in theBay of Biscay and crippling of announ ced Wednesday A joint admiralty and air min istry communique telling of these blows in southern waters off the coast of France followed by only i few hours publication of the full story of the sinking of the Serman battleship Scharnhorst in Lhe cold Arctic Full details of theBiscay action yet to be told but it plainly ivas a large scale enterprise and one which perhaps is still contin uing Other details are awaited he communique said In the axis block ade runnev was toVthe bottom Sy coastaHcomriiand plariesr Nothing was said of any British Idss This new spurt of British naval which already has dealt a crippling if not a mortal wound to German capital brought to al least 42 Ihe number German destroyers and torpedo boats known sunk since the start of the war This total is exclusive of ships known to have been hit and probably lost The first announcement did not say when the action had taken place It was assumed from the wording of the communique that the German naval vessels may have been escorting an enemy convoy through the Bay of Biscay The new blows against Hitlers fast dwindling navy came on the heels of the death of the 26000 ton nazi Ijattleship Scharnhorst late Sunday in the Arctic after she and other German surface units had ventured forth to attack a Russiabound convoy The admiralty disclosed Tues day that the Scharnhorst had fallen before the guns and tor pedoes of the mighty battleship Duke York and a force of cruis es and destroyers News of the airsea battle in the Bay of Biscay aroused spec nlation that the nazis might be gambling their few remaining surface warships in a desperate effort to halt the flow of allied troops and supplies across the At lantic to Great Britain and the Mediterranean j Navail Repairman in Hospital for Belated Repairs on Himself Long Beach Cal M Doekery shipfitlor 20 Los Angeles attached to n south Pa cific repair force was in naval hospital Wednesday for belated repairs on himself Doctors told him he was lucky to be alive Dockcry suffered A broken neck in the battle of Savo Island first degree burns in the buttle of Santa Crus shrapnel wounds in the arms and legs in the battle of Kula Gulf shrapnel wounds from u bomb in the battle ot Cape a broken wrist and cuts over the eyes in a gas blast aboard the U S S California FROZEN BODY OF W BUTTS FOUND County Home Inmate Victim of Exposure Man Whose Wife Ran Garner The frozen body Wilbur Butts 43 was found the rightofway by a Milwaukee train crew a short distance from Duncan late Tuesday afternoon Last 3 Railroad Unions Call Off Strike Set for Thursday YANKS PUSH ON TOWARD GOALS IN NEW BRITAIN Advance 2 Miles Toward Gloucester Airdrome on Northwest Coast By MORKIE LANDSBEKG Associated Press War Editor Allied troops rolled on toward prime objectives in rainswept New Britain nnd in the jungles of New Guinea in fastmounting twin drives to straddle the Japa nese defense system for the Bis marck archipelago American marines propelling the Neiv Britain arm of the of fensive beat off 4 enemy counter attacks expanded their bench head perimeter and advanced 2 muddy miles to within one and onehalf miles of the Cape Glou cester airdrome on the northwest coast Australian troons on the New Guinea side swept forward the coast of the Huon peninsula and inland seized a key enemy point in the Rumu valley 35 miles south The body was not far fVonVThe f sizable Japanese tracks asc north of alliedwon territory The coroner and sheriff were AHed plmC1 agrceci that death was due to wllole l a scrios Ol cn cxposure gagoments over New Britain shot or lc down 37 Japanese planes Amcrj homc and dis wcek ago Ap Butts was an Hiincoek county appeared about a parently he had been wandering around the countryside Officials at the home said he had disappeared on previous oc casions but had been found with little difficulty Butts brother Clarence and their mother live at Britt A brother Willis lives somewhere in Minnesota No funeral arrangements had Get Ration Books Back Frst Formal Step to Enter MacArthur as iandidate Is Taken Red Minn Reel Wing man whose wife ran away from him said Wednesday that he was perfectly content because he hnd managed to repossess his ration books which she had tak en The man whose name was not disclosed had complained to the Goodhue county ration board I dont care about my wife But how about my ration books he asked A mans jot to cat Sheriff Lenus Olson located the missing wife at the request ot the ration board He got the ration books and the wife went her way SELLS INTEREST IN PAPER Storm Lake B Watt has said his interest in the Storm Lake Register to E L C White Spencer Watt and White had owned the property jointly for 21 years Chicago Gen Douglas WatArthur for president club Wednesday took the first formal ifep to enter the generals name in Ihe Illinois presidential prefer ence primary Joseph PSavage president of Lhc organization announced peii lions to place MacArthurs name Di the April 11 primary ballot were being mailed to county chair uen precinct committccnicn and other republican officials through out the state When the petitions have been signed by a sufficient number of citizens he ndclcci they will be Buy War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy iled with the Illinois secretary of stale We have not consulted with General MacArthur cither directly or indirectly nor do we propose to do so letters which accom panied the petitions set forth It IOWAN 18 RECAPTURED Marietta Ohio Ken neth Truax 23 Waterloo Iowa was recaptured at Parkersburg W Va Tuesday 8 hours after he and 2 other prisoners in the Washington county jail beat a deputy sheriff with an iron bar and escaped Sheriff W A Linda mood reported Truax was being held on a forgery charge Maldistribution Would Follow Abandoning of Pork Rationing 2 Say Washington Temporary abandonment of pork rationing would lead to maldistribution 2 government officials said The officials John Maddigan of the office of price administration rationing division and Harry E Reed of the war food administra tion livestock and meats branch expressed their opinions in reply to a suggestion by a congressional group which included Senator Gil lette The congressmen had urged temporary suspension of pork ra tioning to relieve a market sur plus Maddigan and Reed agreed to consider the suspension proposal but commented that elimination of ration points would result in meal going to persons with the most money and able to get to the meat markets first NO KLIEG LIGHTS of life on a fighting front must be shared by the stars of stage and screen who go overseas to entertain the Yanks Here Film Star Garv Cooper right and Andy Arean vaudeville trouper read the anniversary edition of Guinea Gold the army morn ing daily paper in New Guinea Cooper has just returned from this trip to bases in the Pacific theater of action can liberators meanwhile corriec out the heaviest smash at the Marshall islands with a 50ton bombardment of Wotje islet Ja luit atoll in the same island chain also was attacked Sunday The Tokyo radio announced that Japanese forces had returned to their original base ot operations after striking at the rice bow sector of central China in u cam paign in which the Chinese suic the invaders suffered a crushing defeat of efforts by Premier Ilideki Tojo to boost food production It coin cided with the assertion by th Chungking radio that the Japa ncse facitisr an acute food short ase were getting only onethird of the daily rice ration allowed th Chin esc In this country 2 members o congress expressed differing view on how long it would take to de feat Japan Senator George D Ga sail he could not visualize Jupai holding out long after the col lapse ot Germany Im not one of those who thin Jupan will hold ou for 3 4 or years longer When German fulls she will begin lotting fo a way out in my opinion On the other hand Rep War rcn G Magnuson D Wash de chired that although we ha high hopes of victory in 1944 ii Europe Jap strength in the Gil bert and Marshall islands shoul be indicalive ot the duration o the war in the Pacific The Japanese showed sins stiffeninsr the inalienable right of the Britain in American people to draft any citi zen for service to his country par ticularly in n time of peril We propose to tliafl Gen Douglas MacArthur as x candidate in the i f0wi primaries for president of the United States Senator Vandenberg R Mich who is interested in the MacAr tliuv movement reported recently he believed the general would not refuse the republican nomination The letter said that MacAilhur organizations had been formed in Missouri Massachusetts Ohio West Virginia Montana Wiscon sin Minnesota California and In diana resistance on an attempt to war Allies Drive for escara Airfields 4earRomeRaided Allied Headquarters Algiers troops who cap urctl Ortona in the most violent ousetohouse battle of the Medi erranean campaign smashed odh along the coast in snow and leet Wednesday toward Romes Adriatic port of Pescara The allied communique an ounced that the 8day bitter trugglo lor Ortona is over Medium bombers bombed air ields near Home the ciimnm iiiue declared pounding hangars buildings and dispersal areas at iampino south of Rome anil accurately blasting Centocellc of the Italian capital A German broadcast recorded n London said that Rome was bombed at noon Tuesday and the nazLcomrolled Paris radio as erted that allied bombs fell tear St Peters basilica There was no allied confirmation that he capital itself attacked On the first army front the icrmiins launched a fullscale at tack down the eastern coast on he town of Ponlc Di Garigliano near the mouth of the Garigliano where a battle was still in progress Farther inland French Moroc can troops captured a 3000 foot nountain in heavy righting and American Iroops closed in on San Vittore on the vital Rome road The violent battle for the port of Ortona ended Tuesday with the town in ruins The Germans are retreating north alims tlic oast with the Canadians in pur juit although rain snow and sleet combined with high winds is hampering their progress On the 8th army front Indian and New Zealand troops occupied 2 ridges near Villa Grande and cut the Canosarielli road in sev eral places In the mountains west ot Ortona the 8th army was about 9 miles from the important city of Chicti Although half of Italy was swept by storm the American 15th air force struck heavily the north resulting in widespread air battles during which 20 Ger man planes were shot down for a loss of II allied aircraft The medium bombers which at tacked Romes airfields also bombed Guiclonia while heavy liberator bombers pounded rail way yards at the north Adriatic port of Rimini and at Vicenza 40 miles west of Venice The force that attacked Viccuza encountered 50 German planes with a resultant fray which saw the destruction of nt least 19 Ger man planes and perhaps an ad ditional 5 Hits wore scored on the target areas nt Rimini by a combined force of flying fortresses and lib erators Other aerial activity included assaults on rail targets near Fcrentino on a railway bridge near Castelio the port of Civita vecchia northwest of Rome and Anzio and Nolluno southwest of the Italian capital OPERATIONS OF CARRIERS STILL ARE UNDER US First Hurdle for Return to Companies Apparently Cleared Washington railroad strike is off Three operating unions after resisting previous offers of arbi tration agreed Wednesday to call off the nationwide strike which hud been set for Thursday Their decision folio wine simi lar action by 2 other operating brotherhoods and 15 nonoperat ing unions apparently cleared the first hurdle ill he way of the governments return of the rail roads to private operation On orders of President Roose velt who said that a strike must not be permitted to interfere with the transportation of the men and machines ot war the army had taken over operation of the carriers Monthly night The callingoff of the rail strike and return ot steel workers io their jobs pending negotiation of a new contract cleared away 1 ominous clouds which rose over the capital just before Christmas Capitulation of the last 3 firemen and enginemen conductors and at a conference of their chiefs with Lt Gen Brchon B Somervell chief ot army service forces who had been assigned to operate the rail roads under Secretary of War Stimsoii Afterthe conference in Som crvclls office the union leaders B Robertson ol the fire men and enginemen IF W Eraser of the conductors and T C Cashcn ot the with Somervell in announcing there would be no strike The brief announcement read by Maj Gen Alexander Surles head of the war department pub lic relations bureau follows The secretary of war an nounced vihat there will be no railroad strike Representatives the Order of Railway Conductors the Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen and Enginemen and the switchmens Union of North America Wednesday assured Gen eral Somervell that they and the organizations they represent will take no action which might im peril the successful prosecution of the war md that they will im mediately cancel the strike or der Uotli Stimsoii and Somervell said that as far as they were con cerned there would be no arbi tration of waces while the roads arc under their control Thus the controversy is back where it started except that the f unions withdraw their strike 5th Army Frees 2 Reds Prisoners of Germans Since 1941 With the Fifth Army in Italy Russians captured on the Russian front in ia41 and brought to Italy as members of a German aniiaircrafi crew have escaped to American lines here The first thing they wanted to know wus how to set back to tile Russian army Both wore held prisoners of war in Latvia and East Prussia until last December they said when they were as signed to an antiaircraft battery as laborers and sent to Italy Last Civil War Veteran in Cedar Rapids Dies off the serious threat to the outer segment of their southwestern defense arc United SUilcs on Cipu Gloucester with the support of tanks artillery and above all a dominant iiir cover The illicci communique said loo that our losses have been extremely light1 Only oue destroy lost in the kmding opera tions Sunday Of the 37 enemy planes shot down 34 fell in the Arawe sec tor where U S 6th army forces established a beachhead Dec 15 on the southwest coast American fighters destroyed 30 of the Japa nese divcbombers and fighters PT boats brought down the other 4 Loss of both the western end of Mew Britain and the air base at Madang New Guinea would force the Japanese to fall back on their shattered bastion of Ra baul in northeastern New Britain and on Wcwjik far up the coast o New Guine Allied military leaders have expressed confidence in the ability io knock out Ra baul from the air American forces in invading Cape Gloucester Sunday also oc cupied Long Island between New Guillen and New Britain to gain still further control of the Vitiaz straits over which the Japanese have sent supplies and reinforce ments for troops in upper New Guinea 120000000 Pounds marines moved WaSte Fat Saved Salvage Campaign New York American lOiisewivcK have salvaged more hari 120000000 pounds of wasle Booking fat since the fat salvage drive started in July 1942 the bureau of advertising of the American Publishers association reported Wednesday Tracing the role of newspaper advertising in telling the story of Americas need for saving waste fats the bureau quoted a survey showing that 5J per cent had lUrned in fat since the campaign began In 1944 housewives will be asked to double their present con tributions to meet the 230000000 pound quota just announced by the fat salvage committee the bureau said Discover Pencil Vendor Cedar Rapids S Bushncll last surviving veteran I of the civil war in Cedar Rapids nnd Linn county died Wcilnes1 Los AiiRclcs Officer day He would have been D5 years j W Whcclock arrested a pen old on Feb 11 Mr Bushncll cil vendor for operating without joined the union army in Cedar a city license found he was lug Rnpids when he was 15 Later he ging around 52534 Explained the admitted he had claimed to be 171 vendor I dont trusl banks Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Fair nnd warmer Wednesday night and Thursday lowest Wednesday night 20 Iowa Fair Wednesday night and Thursday Wanner Thursday and in wset and north portions Wednesday night Minnesota Fair Wednesday night and Thursday Not much change in temperature IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Tuesday 30 Minimum Tuesday night 9 At 8 a m Wednesday II YEAR AGO Maximum 24 Minimum g Snowfall Trace authorization They accepted the graduated increases of 4 to 10 cents and want the president to decide their right to overtime af ter 40 hours but the carriers want both questions arbitrated as one The 2 operating men antl prompt ly accepted the president as ref eree are receiving meanwhile the benefit of a 5 cent hourly iicrease which he awarded as an over time benefit With all the fanfare and flour ish accompanying government possession of the railroads Sec retary Stimson broadcast Tuesday night an assurance to the public that there will be no alteration in schedules in service or in per sonnel because of the chance The same men will operate the trains the yards the shops the stations and all other installa tions in precisely the same way as before he said In the weeks that lie ahead there must be cooperation con fidence and mutual helpfulness The people of the nation will ex pect nothing less Above all there must be such an overriding sense of loyalty and devotion that the mounting power of our military operation will not falter on the road to its final victory Mr Roosevelt expressed hope at his news conference that the railroads can be turned back to private operation soon but he was nol specific about conditions GETS TEACHING JOB Eagle Laura Em ma Talmage daughter ot Mrs H D Talmage of city was graduated at Iowa City and has been engaged by the De Witt school board to teach English Spanish and dramatics for the corning season She is a graduate of Eagle Grove high school and completed 2 years at the Univer sity Illinois previous to enter ing Iowa university Her sister Miss Laura Johnson teaches in Ottumwa is also a holiday guest of their mother Mrs Tal