Tuesday, December 28, 1943

Mason City Globe Gazette

Location: Mason City, Iowa

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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - December 28, 1943, Mason City, Iowa SAVE I Am Ammunition For War SfTr HISTORY AND ARCHIVE OES THE NEWSfAPIK THAT VOL L Pren nd United Piesa full Leased MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS Five Cents a Copy U S Tanks Battle for Britain Airstrips MOVE MASON CITY IOWA TUESDAY DECEMBER 28 1943 FORWARD FROM 2 BEACHHEADS Jap CounterAttack by Land and Air Against Arawe Sector By MORRIE LAXDSBERG Associated Press War Editor American marines nave cap bombpocked Target hill and have sent tanks into the bat tle for the Japanese airstrips on Cape Gloucester in the smooth moving invasion of western New Britain The leathernecks quickly con solidated their positions and moved inland from both beach heads where casualtyfree land ings were made Sunday east and west of Cape Gloucester to estab lish a 2nd allied foothold on Ja pans key island in the southwest Pacific The Japanese counterattacked by land and by air against the Arawe sector where a task force of the U S 6th army moved in Dec 15 The Americans however held firmly to their holdings 63 miles southeast of the Cape Glou cester front and struck back Alliedwarpanes pounded anev enemy installations on other Japaneseheld territory under siege by Australians in New Guinea and American troops on Bougainville There was no re port of further bomber flights to attack enemy bases in the Mar shall islands target of almost daily raids recently Frontline reports from Cape Gloucester indicated that the Jap anese were not prepared to fight it out on the beaches possibly as the result of pulverizing naval and air bombardments which pre ceded the invaciwi i Opposition for a wiiTle at Target hilla 450foot eleva tion near the coast but the ma rine veterans of Guadalcanal drove the Japanese from what was regarded asa major obstacle on the first day of the landings Then the marines under Maj Gen William H Rupertus of Washington turned their artil Jery on the Gloucester airdrome area while light and medium tanks moved toward the air strips The latest reports placed the tanks on the jungle road 6 miles west and north of the ob jectives The main marine landings were made at Borgen bay just north of Silimati Point Another force won a beachhead on the Dampier Strait side on the western area of the Gloucester peninsula Long Island halfway between Gloucester and New Guinea in Vitiaz Straits also was occupied Capture of the Gloucester air bases would kive the allies still another weapon for the campaign to neutralize Rabanl the main base on the northeastern tip of New Britain The heavily bombed fortress is 265 airline miles from CapeGloucester General Rupertus commenting on the ease of the marine landings said We had the old marine luck weather for our bombers and naval gunfire and a calm sea 1 guess we must live right On the Arawe front 3 Japanese counterallacks forced withdrawal ot advanced American patrols lo Umimgalu village where they made such a firm stand that the enemy broke contact the next morning Theallied headquarters spokesman said the 6th army units are now fanning out again to the north and ihe east Editor Earl Hall to Receive National Safety Ace Award Presentation to Be Over Blue Network al 9 15 pm Jan 10 Des Monies Earl Hall managing editor of the Mabon Crty GlobeGazette has been des ignated to receive the national safety councils safety a c e award according to word received Tuesday by Bert L Woodcdck executive secretary of the Iowa state safety council The award will be presented over the Blue network at 915 p m CWT Jan 10 the announce ment stated Hall is a former pres ident of the state safety council The award is bestowed by the national safety council upon in dividuals who have performed outstanding services in accident prevention The state council plans lo launch its 1944 safety program coincident with the presentation of the award to Hall The citation is bestowed by the council upon individuals through out the nation who have per formed outstanding services lo ac cident prevention beyond the line of duty and without pay it stated Harry C Brown Mason City president of the Iowa State Safety council called attention to the fact that because of Mr Halls interest in the cause noissue of the Globe Gaette lias been permitted to go to press in the past dozen years or more without at least one safety preachment in it Mr Hall was a founder of the Iowa State Safety council in 1934 and served as its president for a years Following his relinquish ment of the presidency he was chairman of the board for 2 years and now he is a member of the or ganizations executive committee In 1936 he won the national C I T award for having written the outstanding safety editorial of the year and in 1841 he wona second award in this nationwide competition In 1926 as first state director of community service for the Ameri can Legion Mr Hall placed heavy emphasis on highway safety in his statewide program Five years later he was chosen to inaugurate a special division of highway safety for the department Legion organization A year later he was elevated to the state commander ship ot the Legion At present Mr Hall is entering his second Gyear term as a mem ber of the Iowa state board of education This was preceded by 5 years of service on the Uni versitys board in control of ath letics Mr Hall a native of Jeffer son and a graduate of Iowa came to his present position 24 years ago at the age ot 22 from the editorial staff of the Milwaukee Journal In 1941 Mr Hall was chosen by the Carnegie Endowment to represent the small city dailies of America on a 3months factfind ing mission to South America He visited ali major countries and interviewed many prominent po litical leaders Mr Hall conducts once each week a quarter hour editorial over 4 Mason City WSUI Iowa City KSCJ Sioux City WOI Ames and KHMO Hannibal Mo W EARI HALL FOUXD FROZEN TO DEATH St Paul Minn UR Police Tuesday sought relatives of Jacob Werner an aged recluse whose frozen body was found in his home Monday by 2 boys who had gone to visit him TOO MILES UVONGAI Bitmarclr Sea VITU LONG NEW GLOUCESTER Matong NEW GUINEA kBuna TROBRIANO IS Destroyer Is Sunk by Japs at Gloucester Washington American destroyer was sunk and a small coastal transport ship damaged by Japanese bombs in the landings at Cape Gloucester on the western tip of New Britain island Secretary of the Navy knox re ported at a news conference Tuesday lhat both vessels went down but the navy later an nounced that the transport was only damaged The ships were not identified nor was there any information as to the number of casualties Knox said Japanese claims broadcast by the Tokyo radio of the sinking of 2 heavy cruisers were as fantastic The lossof the destroyer and the damaging of the transport result ed from an air attack 4 or 5 hours after the operation started he said and were our only losses The 2 ships brought to a total ot 135 the number of American naval craft lost since the war started No details on the de stroyer were given but Knox said the small transport was only about 100 feet long STORY OF NAVY VICTORY TOLD This Paper Consuls ol Two StclionsSccUon One HOME EDITION HUM Army in Full Control of Railroads BYADMIRALTY Troops Ready to Keep Trains Moving How Warships Pursued Battleship Scharnhorst Described in Detail London ff The admiralty Tuesday night credited the ton battleship Duke of York and a group of cruisers and destroyers with sinking the 20000 ton Ger man batlleship Scharnhorst by gunfire and lorpcdoes The Scharnhorst went down Sunday night off Norways north cape after a running fight Sorte survivors were picked j votc thc Governor Calls Special Session of Legislature DCS lloines Gov B B Hickenloopcr Tuesday called the 50th Iowa general assembly to convene Jan 2fi in extraordinary session to provide means for lowans in the armed forces to elections up und were made prisoners of war the announcement declared The battleship had 1400 men probably The account of the fight told how the Scharnhorst was inter cepted by cruisers when she sought to attack a Russiabound convoy then attempted to escape The Duke of York flagship ot the home fleet called up by the cov ering force engaged the Scharn horst with her 14 inch guns When the Seharnhorse again attempted to escape she was slow ed down with torpedoes fired bv destroyers The Duke o York again engaged her and the final torpedo attack which completed her destruction was fired by the British cruiser Jamaica The British force which partici pated in the battle against the Scharnhorst when she attacked a convoy off the Xorway north cape Dec 26 was disposed in 2 main divisions under the immediate command of Admiral Sir Bruce A Eraser commanderinchief of the home fleet the admiralty dis closed Fraser was in the Duke of York flagship of the home fleet The cruiser Jamaica and 4 de stroyers were with the Duke of York The other formation consisted of the cruisers Belfast Norfolk and Sheffield and was actually escorting the convoy southeast of Bear island when the Scharnhorst steaming at 28 knots first made contact withit convoy wisajvertednbith wartt arid the cruisers openedAre on the Scharnhorst the Norfolk claiming 1 hit The 26000ton German battlewagon then turned away from the course of the con voy and was later seen talcing evasive to the northeast and proceeding at maximum speed the admiraltys statement continued Several hours later the Scharn horst again tried lo close in on the The governor fixed Jan 17 as the date for special elections in 2 senatorial districts and 6 counties to fill existing vacancies in the assembly membership A special session was consid ered necessary because the Iowa absent voters law does not allow sufficient time for soldiers and sailors stationed outside continen tal United States to prepare their ballots and return them lo their home counties to be counted The Iowa absent voter law pro vides that application for a ballot must be made not more than 20 days prior to an election and that the ballot must be in the box at the voters regular polling place by the lime the polls close The 1941 legislature extended the application period lo 30 clays for Ihe benefit of soldiers and mem bers of tile national guavd but that act applied only lo the 1912 The Tokyo radio quoted a Jap1 convoy and once more was en saged by the cruiser squadron The Norfolk received 1 hit aft Then the Scharnhorst turned south and retreated at full speed for the nearest refuge on the Nor wegian coast The cruisers continued to shadow the German ship reporting her position to the 35000 ton Duke of York which was then moving up from the southeast to intercept By then darkness had closed in and the Scharnhorst kept to her southerly course at maximum speed until the Duke of York made first contact with her about p m The enemy was on the Duke of Yorks port bow The Duke altered course to the southeast so as to bring her broad side to bear and quickly obtained a hit the admiralty said Seeking to shake off the British anese communique as saying that 2 allied cruisers and 2 transports had been sunk and 3 transports damaged by Japanese naval planes that attacked an invasion convoy off Cape Gloucester Sun day The broadcast recorded by i S monitors said that the Japanese garrison there is engaged in fierce fighting Hear Admiral Harry VV Hill who commanded a part of tin task forces in the Tarawa and Makin landings Attended the news conference to describe briefly the attacks there It was a big show of which every single American should be very proud Hill said If they bad been with me to 50 ashore the day before Thanksgiving and see that tremendous defensive Poinl lhat had been taken by American forces in days they would have had very very thankful Thanksgiving Japanese had built to slay he added They wanted it for the same reason we wanted it It was a key point for the whole southeastern corner of the Pacific It was the closest point they had to us and the most vul nerable They certainly had built in never to leave AMERICANS LAND AT CAPE U S marines made 2 simultaneous landings at Cape Gloucester on the westenj tip of New Britain while other American in Vitiaz Straits New announced and Guinea long allied headquarters FARMER KILLED AS TEAM BOLTS Phillip Knutson Dies When Horses Run Away Knutson 45 vas fatally injured late Monday iftcrnoon when his team became frightened at his farm 6 mites east of Ridgeway starting to boil and pinning him lo the ground The accident occurred while Knutson was unhitching the team from a manure spreader near the barn There were no witnesses to the accident Knutson was so bad ly injured that he died almost in stantly Funeral arrangements had not been completed Tuesday morning but will be held at the Madison Lutheran church with the Rev M B Quiil officiating Knutson Jeaves his wife and 2 daughters Jeanette and Phyllis at home His mother Mrs Jose phine Knutson lives in Madison township elections In a statement accompanying the special session call Governor Hickenlooper said I am of the opinion that the actions of the fed eral government such as hove been and are being proposed with respect to voting are of doubtful and that even if they were constitutional it is still the basic responsibility so provided by the constitution that the state shall protect her citizens in their rights and opportunities of franchise Governor Hickenloopcr said he hoped the time for casting absent voter ballots would be extended by the lawmakers thelegislators may take upany matter they see fit was be lieved however that no other matters would be taken up The governor said he didnl think more than 2 or 3 days would be required to enact the legisla tion Cost of a special session av erages about a day The special session will convene at 10 a m The last special session called by Clyde L Herring in Decem ber I9M to enact an unemploy ment compensation law lasted 4 days The officers who served during the regular legislative session last winter will serve in the coming special session Representative Henry Burma TtAllison will preside as speaker of the house of representatives and Lt Gov Robert D Blue REaglc Grove will preside in the senate The members will receive S10 a day for the time they are in session and mileage to Des Moincs The senate vacancies are in the 2nd and 5th districts Senators Sanford Zeiffler Jr of Fairfield and S Ray Emerson of Cresioii resigned heir senate seats when they became members of the stale highway commission Inly ORTONAISLOST BY NAZIS AFTER HEAVY BATTLE Germans Turn Flame Throwers in Vain Against Canadians By KICHAKD G MASSOCK Allied Headquarters Algiers VP Germans were reported to have turned flame throwers on Canadian 8th army troops who were battling their way at bayonet point through the streets of Or lona in a grimlydesperate de fense of the nazi communications to Rome from the east The German Transocean news agency announced the Germans had evacuated the Adriatic port Quoting competent German quarters the Berlin broadcast said nazi forces opposed by greatly superior enemy forces had with drawn to wellprepared positions immediately to the north of the The Germans turning Orlona into a Stalingrad had been righting Ihe Canadians there Scharnborst altered course and nor llickciiionpcr 1 J I by Gover sped eastward The British toot up Ihe chase the Duke of Vork d the west and the cruisers and de stroyers in shadowing Positions There was clanger that the Scharnhorsts superior speed might allow her to draw away from Admiral Frasers flagship the admiralty statement went on Accordingly the destroyers Sav age Saumarez Scorpion and the Norwegian destroyer Stord which had been traveling at full speed to get ahead of the enemy turned in and attacked with torpedoes The Scharnhorst was hit prob ably by 3 torpedoes in this attack which reduced her speed and en abled the Duke of York to close the range and engage again Shortly afterward the Scharn horst was seen in fire and lying nearly stopped The cruiser HMS Jamaica delivered a final torpedo attack after which the Scharn horst sank at p m in a po sition about 60 miles northeast North Cape A Berlin announcement that several German surface units en gaged in the battle raised the pos sibility the royal navy might bo chasing other enemy warships which attacked a Russiabound convoy Fruit Cake Arrives After 16 Month Trip San Cal R S Wygal mailed a fruit cake to her son Marine Sgt Edward R Wy gal from Filer Idaho 16 monlhs ago The cake went to Brokers and stcre are Mrs tt Carl Hovden of Dccorah and Victor Benson and Reuben Knut son all living near Ridgeway Francisco and finally caught up with Wygal time for Chrislmas 1943 There aie i vacancies in the house of representatives Repre sentatives Raphael I R Dvorak of Toledo and Carroll Johnson of Knoxville are with federal agen cies now Representative Thomas L Kuhn of Bedford and R S Moyle of Maquoketa are em ployed by tiie slate tax commis sion Representative Don W Graft of Oskaloosa is with the state commerce commission and Representative A C Greene of Denison is with the dcparlment of public safety All assembly seats now vacant were held by republicans in the regular 1943session Another house member Rep resentative Earl C Fishbaugh Jr of Shenandoah isin military Both Canadian and Indian troops of the 8th army look nu merous prisoners in the bitter fighting for the port a city of 3000 situated 11 miles below Pcs carn Meanwhile American troops ot the 5th army with the capture of 2 more heights lightened their hold on the important Samucro mountain range overlooking the Germans stronglyheld San Vit tore backdoor to Cassino and Rome On both the 5th and 3th army frontsintensive allied patrol ac iVAtXWas reported American pa completing Hie consolidation of their Samucro positions a mile and a half east of San Vittore were sent down the southwest slopes to find the village strongly held by the Germans Southwest ot Caslel San Vin cenzo in the center of the Italian front fierce local battles were raging for a ridge called Catenella Dcgli Mainardi while other allied forces captured a higii point in the Monte Marrone range service but has not resigned his operations legislative post Most Steel Workers Are Back on Job Pittsburgh steel workers who had curtailed vital war production in 9 slates began returning to work Tuesday in compliance with an order from Philip Murray their union presi dent Officials of the plants idled by the walkout of approximately 155 000 workers said that except in the cases of those plants whose blast furnaces were banked dur ing the strike production would return to near normal by nightfall A few workers besan yoinj back on Ihe midnight shifts Mon day mqht a few hours after Mur ray acting in the wukc of a war labor board order from Washing Ion directing Ihe strikers lo re turn chiled on union leaders to get their men back into the plants With Ihe morning shifts day officials in the areas affect ed by the walkout reported almost full turnouts In Ihe Pittsburgh district where 30000 men were idle Monday night normal crews were reported at nearly all the struck plants Tuesday morning Abnormal ab senteeism was reported in some instances The Crucible Steel com pany plant at Midland Pa em ploying 2500 remained idle al though 2 other struck plants of crucible in Pittsburgh resumed The Wheeling Steel company Wheeling W Va which had 15 000 men out in plants in West Virginia and Ohio reported men were returning to work al thoiurh full operations will not he i restored until blast furnaces which had been shut down are restored The Tim ken RoIIcrBearin j company said that practically its I full shift of 2000 reported at its I Columbus plant A spokesman for the Youngs town Sheet and Tube company at Chicago said Almost all of the men of the full8000man shift were back at its 2 plants there and predicted full production by noon J At Buffalo N Y Republic Steel corporation officials reported normal operations in all depart ments Approximately 1000 of the plants workers had joined the strike GOV HICKKNLOOPER Buy War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy Officers Are Sent to Rail Headquarters Omaha offi cers of the 7th service com mand have been ordered to pro ceed to operating headquarters of railroads in the 9 stales of the command lo take over the rail roads for the war department command headquarters disclosed here Tuesday Actual management of the roads will be left to the present executives until further instruc tions are issued headquarters de clared Maj Gen F E DM service commander said commanding of ficers of all posts have been in structed lo report the number of enlisted men possessing experience in various fields of railroad oper ations This is an emergency measure in preparation for possible de velopments General Uhl said and the men enlisted will not be de tached from their units and their training will not be interrupted at present Two railroad operating regions are in the territory under jurisdic tion of the 7th service command Col Charles E Dcnney 176 East Fifth street St Paul Minn has been designated regional director of the northwestern region and Col Louis Baldwin Missouri Pacific building St Louis south western regional director In addition to the liaison offi cers from the command assigned lo these 2 regional headquar ters others are being sent to the 4 other similar regions set up under the presidents order Officers representing the war department will be under com mand of the regional directors in sofar as operational matters are concerned headquarters snid add ing thai their instructions are to aid in the continued orderly op eration of the railroad to which The 7th service command com prises Colorado Wyoming Minne sota North Dakota South Dikotn Iowa Kansas Nebraska and Mis souri Officers Sent by Fort Snelling Named Fort SnelliiiE Minn Harry J Keeley commandant an nounced Tuesday that ID officers at the military post had been alerted and would be ordered im mediately to proceed to assigned posts to act as laison officers with railways seized by the gov ernment Kcclcy said thai according to orders received from the 7th service command the officers as signed receive complete in slruclions through their district command or general dcliscry at the posts assigned Officers assigned from Ft Snelling and their posts follow Ciipt G R Imbody to the Duluth Mesabi Iron Range rail road Duluth Maj J H Schmelclier Chicago St Paul Minneapolis and Omaha railroad St Paul Minn SOLDIERS WITH R R TRAINING READYTOWORK Wages Are Frozen Until Lines Are Returned to Civilian Management Washington army was in lull control of the nations rail roads Tuesday prepared to use troops if necessary lo keep the trains moving In n special press conference Secretary of War Stimson and Lt Gen Biehon Somervell chief of army service forces made these points about operation of the rail LT GEN SOMERVELL Out Order roads committed to army direction Monday night by President Boose vell 1 Tlie railroads will be kept operating Troops with ence are being concentrated and will fill any manpower shortages worldng in their uniforms at army pay Wapcs and labor conditions i MS of 7 oclock Monday night will be frozen until the railroads re turn lo civilian management Somervell said this meant that President Roosevelts arbitration award giving a 1 cents an hour in crease plus 5 cents in lieu ot over time to the Brotherhoods of Loco motive Engineers and the 2 operating unions which promptly canceled a Dec 30 strike deadline at the presidents request take effect Apparently the 3 other operating brotherhoods conductors switchmen and fire men and the 15 nonoperating unions numbering more than members will be ex peeled lo work at the oldwage scale although this was not spe cifically announced 4 Seven railroad presidents have been sworn into the army as colonels and will operate as many divisions of the national rail net work 5 Several laws including con Lt H V Nolantl Sioux City sPlraer statutes and the Smith Railroad Terminal Co Sioux Comialv act operate to prevent City Iowa I stkcs by railroad employes who U R R Hoffevbcr Manchester and Oneida railroad Manchester Lt F L Huffman Mineral Range railroad Minneapolis Lt Fred Moore Minneapolis and Western railroad Minne apolis Lt Sidney Stern Minneapolis and St Paul railroad Minne apolis Lt Col Maurice Anderson aorlhcrn Pacific railroad St Paul Lt Paul Harms Dululh and Northeastern railroad Clociuct Minn Maj George Fried in charge of district coordinators Col Charles E Demiey St Paul president of the Northern Pacific Railway Cowas named as regional coordinalor Buy War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Fair and continued cold Tuesday night lowest temperatures in Mason City a nbove Wednesday fair warmer m afternoon Iowa Mostly fair Tuesday night and Wednesday Colder south east and extreme east portions Tuesday night Warmer Wednesday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statislics Maximum Monday 19 above Minimum Monday night At 8 a m Tuesday 2 above YEAR AGO Maximum 71 Minimum are now federal employes Asserting tliat terrific dan gers confront the nation a strike is carried nut Stimson an notinccd that 7 railroad presidents hadbeen appointed colonels and were ready to Sake over the oper ation of as many divisions In additionMartin W Clement president of Ihe Pennsylvania railroad was named general ad visor to LI Gen Brehon Somer veil chief of army service forces and Maj Gen Charles P Gross director of transportation Stimson said the 2 generals also would have the assistance and adviceof the staff ot the American Railroad association headed by John Pelley Stimson said an organization had been set up to operate the railroads and that wages and la bor conditions as of 7 oclock Tuesday night would be held in status quo until the railroads were returned to civilian manage ment Somervell and Slimson declared emphatically that the railroads would be kept operating Somervell said that in rtldilion lo having troops wilh railroad ex perience ready lo fill in on any jobs where necessary the army also planned lo use it ducks should the need arise and lo make available army slockt of vehicles and food to supplement any civil ian shortages Slimson disclosed lhal work on detailed plans fur operating the railroads had been underway be fore President iioosevelt signed his order for tcticril operation at p m CWT Monday At fi oclock the vur secretary was able to issue orders to zone command ers of the 9 service commands to act at lhat hour S72 of ficers hart started out with orders to tafcc over each of more than 600 separate railroad organiiations