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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - December 16, 1943, Mason City, Iowa SAVE AM I Am Ammunition For War Dont Waste or Me Awcy THE NEWSPAPER IOWANS NEIGHgORS tOL L Associated Press ind United PnM Full Leased Wires IFIve Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY WXEMKtK 16 Roosevelt Returns to United States After Journey of 5 Weeks Washington UR The while house announced Thursday tH President Roosevelt is safely back in the states from the overse journey of about 5 weeks which took him to war conferences in the middle east i at seas White House Secretary Stephen T Early said he had not been ad vised as to when the chief execu tive who left here on the night of Nov 11 will reach Washington In making the announcement Early noted that the German radio Thursday reported that Mr Roosevelts plane had been forced down in the Azores However Early said 1 am happy to say that lie is safely back in the United States I have not been advised as to when he will reach Washington Early did not give any infor mation as to Mr Roosevelts method of Thus Mr Roosevelt ended his longest wartime absence from American shores to ab sence that was filled with meet ings that brought the president and Prime Minister Winston Churchill together at various times with Generalissimo Chiang KaiShek of China Stalin of Russia and President Ismet Inonu of Turkey Mr Roosevelt after leaving Churchill in the middle east vis ited cities of battles in north Africa Malta anil Sicily While the president was trav eling back to home soil Churchill still in the middle east suffered a pneumonia attack As far as was known President Roosevelts health continued to be good JAPS DECLARE YANKS LANDING IN NEW BRITAIN Desperate Fighting on Beaches Reported in Tokyo Broadcasts AIR ARMADA HITS GERMANY Smoke Columns Seen Rising Over Targets London great armada of American heavy bombers escorted by squadron after squadron oC fleet fighters beat through thick curtains of antiaircraft fire over northwest Germany Thursday to batter thatnazishipbuilding and center for the third timein a week Specific targets were not an nounced immediately but return ing flyers said their tons of high explosives and incendiaries sent towering columns of thick black smoke surging up through the overcast into the substratosphere as it big oil stores had been hit Some of the first crews to return said German lighter opposition had greatly diminished Liberators and flying fortresses last blasted the region on Dec 13 when they bombed unspecified targets through the clouds losing 5 heavy bombers and knocking down 15 enemy aircraft On Dec 11 the American heavyweights and their escorts shot down 138 nazi fighters to a loss of 17 bombs and fight erswhen the great port of Ernden pounded heavily Cities in the northwest area that have suffered heavy and dam aging raids are Wilhelmshaven Bremen and Emden The ports with their Uboats yards and fa cilities for shipping from Sweden and the long stretch of occupiec coast have been the Americans favorite targets lately Buy Uar Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy Tills Paper CoiBisls ol Two One HOME EDITION uum NO Cfc Nazi Planes Sink 17 Ships in Surprise Attack on Bari said le heard 2 broadcasts fromTokyo Thursday morning of a Japanese communique saying American orces have invaded New Britain island and that desperate fighting occurred on the beaches Japanese forces on New Brit ain island continue to battle des perately on the beaches against the American invasion forces the Broadcasts said The Tokyo radio claimed that in one sea engagement 2 enemy torpedo boats were hit one was sunk and the other IcEt in Ilames and no doubt sank PRESIDENT IN SICILYSeated in a jeep President Roosevelt relaxes at Castelvctrano Gen Eisenhower his visit to Sicily Left of the president ower an left of Eisenhower is Lt Gen George Fatten U S 7th army commander AF from OWI by signal corps radio 2 Trains Wrecked Toll Is Between 50 and 100 In another naval battle 3 en emy torpedo boats were hit the Japanese announcer said No dates were given lor any of the events described The sea engagements were said to have taken place north ot Binschhafen New Guinea Devastating Raids Made by Bombers Southwest Pacific Allied Head quarters American inva sion of New Britain island key to Japans hold on the entire south Pacific area appeared imminent Thursday following a devastating raid by allied bombers that dumped 356 tons of explosives on Arawe 1 of the 2 good harbors on the southern coast of trie island This recordraid announced by GenDonulas followed crushing attacks Sunday that Plastered New Britain on all sides ill a lireinvasion softeiimptup pattern Effectiveness of these raids was pronounced Mac Arthur said the damage was heavy All indications in headquarters communiques the last 2 days have pointed to a quickening tempo in these air attacks They have packed a terrific wallop coordi nated in a pincers air onslaught on New Britain that made mil use of the new American airfield on Bougainville in the northern Solomons Potential invasion areas of New Britain have been pointed up by the sustained pounding of allied warplanes in recent weeks These are Rabaul neutralized in October by devastation from the air and the western end of the island There Gasmata on the southeast coast has been pounded almost daily for more than a fortnight and Cape Gloucester on the western tip has been hammered almost daily with Gasmata Arawe prior to Thursdays com munique had not been mentioned as a target of recent raids The most recent attack there was re ported by MacArthur on Dec 9 when 16 tons of bombs were cas iended on the area if 100 INJURED ON STREAMLINERS One Train Rams Into Derailed Coaches Lumbertoii Car tween 50 and 100 persons were killed and more than 100 injured in the wrecks of 2 crowded streamliner passenger trains along an icebound stretch ot the Atlantic coast line in southeastern North Carolina early Thursday Rescuers battled through the winters coldest night over snow and icecoated highways to bring survivors of the double smashup te hospitals at Lumberton and Fijrrtterille One morgue at Red Springs had received 50 bodies by noon but no identifications had been made Mrs T Barham owner of the establishment said other bodies were expected Southeastern dis aster relief headquarters of the American Red Cross at Atlanta said 50 to TOO persons were filled and more than 100 injured An eyewitness said 3 coaches of the Floridabound Tamiami West Coast Champion were de railed and about 10 minutes later the speeding New Yorkbound Ta miami East Coast Champion slashed through the wreckage scattered over a double track Coaches were shattered like match boxes said he witness Publisher William Wood of the Small Homes Guide magazine who was en route to Tampa Fla A railroad spokesman at Rocky Mount said that about 75 or more persons were killed on the north bound train and at least one killed on the southbound streamliner Preholiday travelers many of them soldiers headed home for Christmas crowded the coaches of both trains The Red Cross went into action swiftly rushing nurses and aid to the scene Snow was falling and tempera lures were near zero The asre was so twisted acetylene torches bail to be used to remove both injured and dead from the shattered coaches IMerchants in nearby towns stripped their stocks nt blankets to protect the sur vivors One of the trains departed from New York Wednesday at a m and the other loft Miami at a m Wednesday The wreck occurred about a in C G Sibtcy of Wilmington a vice president of the line said lie j believed the wreck was caused by I a broken rail Meager reports were made the Liimberton newspaper the Robesonian by witnesses who talked to survivors The highways to the scene were sheathed in snow and ice and one AtlanticCoast Uric sjalion said thai lines of cominuniealion were down First reports said that the last 3 coaches on the southbound train were derailed precipitating the accident Passengers in the front coaches said they did not even know there had been an accident until the northbound train crashed into the derailed cars The Atlantic Coast Line office at Rocky Mount 100 miles from Buie reported it was informed that about 75 persons were killed on 1 Train and 1 person on the other ACL general headquarters In Wilmington said 9 cars of the north bound train were derailed All the cars on both trains were of allsteel construction the office said Dr S W Fleming o HiRhsmilh hospital Fiiyettcvillc who ad ministered first aid for hours said he believed there were at least 50 dead He said rescue workers slili had not entered 1 car when he left the scene at a in He declined to estimate the number of injured About 50 injured were admitted to Highsmith hospital 12 of them civilians Blood plasma was given sonic of those most seriously hurt The conductor of the north bound train was quoted as saying that he hud 250 passengers in 3 conches Dr Fleming said both were long trains estimating each had at least 15 cars The Rocky Mount oCficc dis closed Ihc engineer on the north bound train No Churchill Now in Middle East Is 111 With Pneumonia London An official bulletin Thursday night reported some improvement in the general condition of Prime Minister Winston Churchill who is suffering from pneumonia presumably somewhere in the Mediterranean area London IA Prime Minister Churchill who marked his With birthday while attending the 3power Teheran conference is suffer ing a natch of pneumonia in the left lung Depmv Prime Minister Clement Attlee told the f house of commons Thursday Attlee indicated that Churchill s now somewhere in the middle east A bulletin issued nl No 10 Downing St Churchills official which gave the first ntimalion of the prime ministers llncss said His general condition is as sal sfactory as can be expected That is the 2nd attack of Jneumonm suffered by Churchill ill less than a year Churchill fell ill with a cold last January just after his Casablanca conference with President Roose clt and on Feb 19 it was an nounced that he was confined to bed with acute catarrh of the lper respiratory passages A later bulletin disclosed that pneu monia had developed The prime minister was re ported suffering from a heavy was Frank Belknup and that William Myers was the engineer on southbound No ill Both are from Rocky Soldier Buys lo i War Bond Colleagues Hint Luck Is Factor London Charles Mc Carthy NewYork Cityinlantry in a1 station hospital signed over 37500 irffxi presence of his company commander and received a 310000 war bond Stars and Stripes an army publication in disclosing the incident said There is no official explana tion how Private McCarthy came into possession of suci a sizable sum but liis colleagues intimated somewhat sadly that luck li something to do svith it1 Black Market Wine Seized in Naples Includes Gasoline Naples Allied militarv government police recently covered a batch of blnck market wine It contained procainc a drug and high octane gasoline believed stolen from military sup plies 500 1000 MILES AT tQUATOR DISTANCES ARE IN AIRLINE STATUTE MltES A0 8ONIN i i i Pacific Ocean MIDWA MARCUS HAWAIIAN ISLANDS To San Francisco 2395 MARIANAS t V jri Malotlap f 2300Pear S Hawaii Johnston S s s MARSHALL IS Fanning Christmas VMakinGILBERT IS VTar Arrow on the above map points to the strong Jap naval base at Truk where powerful Nippon warships are based Efforts to lure them into battle have so far been un successful Other key points in the blazing Pacific war in cluding thatof New Britain center of furious air attacks are also shown on the above map DIES FISOM FALL Sioux City Howard 50 of Lnwton Iowa died in a hospital here Wednesday o injur ies suffered in a fall Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Fair and Thursday and Friday Lowes temperature at Mason City G Iowa Fair Thursday night and Friday not quite so cold Thurs day night slowly rising temper ature Friday Minnesota Fair Thursday night and Friday Not so cold Thursday night Slowly rising temperatures Friday fN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Wednesday 14 above Minimum Wednesday night 5 below At 8 a m Thursday J below YEAR AGO Maximum 2 Minimum 9 cold with a temperature of more than vheii he sailed from Britain to attend the historic con Terences with velt Premier President Roose Stalin Marshal Cliiang KaiShek and President Inonu of Turkey On his arrival in Cairo the cold became worse and the prime min ister had lost liis voice but in sisted on continuing his arduous labors Only 2 clays ago Foreign Sec retary Anthony Eden told com mons he had left Churchill in the sphere where he now is in good health though perhaps a little tired Kdcn also commented that he had never seen even the hard working Churchill exert himself so indefatijrably day and iiieht as at the Teheran and Cairoconfer ences where he lay the plans for a climactic assault on Germany and Japan The last of these conferences with Inonu Pec 4 5 and 6 In Thursdays announcement Attlee told the commons the house will be sorry to learn of the prime ministers indisposition I am sure it will be the desire of all of us that we should send best wishes to him for a complete speedy recovery Altlee said highly qualified specialists were in constant at tendance on Churchill and added The house will observe the bulletin is signed not only by Lord Moran but also by Brigadier Bedford and Lt Col Pulvertaft who are consultant physician and director of pathology respec tively to tile middle east forces I can assure the house that every modern acility is available on the spot lord Moran the prime minis ters personal physician accom panied Churchill to the Cairo and Teheran conferences and on his previous flights to Washington AIoscow and the middle east He is president of the Koyal College of Physicians Lt Col Robert J V Pulvertaft before the war was director of pathology nt Westminster hospital Brigadier David E Bedford is n heart specialist and editor of the British Heart Journal Where the prime irmiisler is confined to bed was not disclosed in Ihc official statement which said The prime minister has been in bed for some days with a cold A patch of pneumonia has now developed in his left lung Tlis general condition is as salisfjc toiy as can be expected While cnroutc to the Cairo con ference Churchills cold was not considered cause for undue alarm but was sufficiently serious so thai a covered passageway was set tip leading from bis stateroom aboard the ship to the bridge The prime minister is an inveterate bridge on sea voyages Despite his advancing ancf he is the oldest of the united nations Big ill normally enjoys robust health although he puts in long hours of work at home and has travelled farther than Roosevelt and Stalin together in the last 2 years con solidating the allied war effort He is noted for his powers of physical endurance nnd his fac ulty for quick recovery WINSTON CHURCHILL Cheer Races With Time Needed Mosquito Bombers Hit Western Germany London RAFs mos quito bombers taking to the air after a onenight layoff attacked targets in western Germany Wed nesday night lor the 5th time in 6 nights the air ministry an nounced Thursday The raid was carried out without loss the an nouncement said The specific objectives were not disclosed Mr lcppcr llollliiis Cn KniiNrvcll Jiininr High Sfhonl Mr anil Sir Harry IlinKay S A IE Co WaTanVe Chrislmix Iriligi T A K Chill XKW TOTAf ITH A BIT mure than to KO and 7 m o r e days left Christmas CIuCi for 1UM rusolvcd ilsclf down intu a race against lime Additions to the total h a v e got to come in nt the rate of approxi mately a day Thats quite an not loo much we arc confident Christinas Cheer Fund since the inception of the idea 17 years ago has failed Two auguries of success arc re flected in the list above One is the interest of boys and girls who really know what tiie Christmas Spirit is The other is the in creased evidence BOMBERS RAID PORT IN ITALY AT LOW LEVEL Defenses Are Caught Completely Off Guard for Tragic Few Minutes Washington ffl Seventeen mitcd nations merchant ships in cluding 5 American vessels were sunk by German bombers in the illied port at Bari Italy Dec 2 Approximately 1000 persons imoim them 37 American naval men were killed or injured Secretary of Uar Stimson dis closed casualty details and the oss of American ships at a press conference Thursday after other sources of unquestionable author ityhail put the total number of vessels lost at 17 approximately 50 per cent of the total amount ot shipping in Bari harbor at the time In official quarters here there was no disposition to deny that the blow was serious reducing British army supplies for 2 or 3 in sonic respects the worst defeat inside a protected harbor since the Japanese raided Pearl Harbor to start tho war 2 years ago Fortunately most of the cargo had been discharged prior to the attack and the loss of supplies was not great Stimson said About 30 German bombers par ticipated in the raid Stimson said much ot the damage resulted when 2 ammunition ships were hit and exploded spreading fires and destruction over the harbor Slimsons report of the attack came during the course of his weekly review of the war While MC luivc definite iir su periority in southern Italy and in most of the Mediterranean the war secretary said theGermans have appreciably increased heir air slrcnetirs3rfHhis area Sharp filthtcr resistance has been eri cnuiitcrcd it limes and some heavy bomber attacks tave been made on allied ports and ship pine Stimson Sold QueFiioners that the war department did not know the full number of Americans in cluded in the estimated total of 1000 casualties and did not know whether the 2 ammunition ships were among the 5 American ves sels reported destroyed Stimson said that the Bari bombing had been announced by General Eisenhower Dec 4 The communique issued that day at al lied headquarters Algiers said in parl On the evening of December enemy aircraft attacked the Bnri sirea and damage was done There were a member nf casualties The raid occurred about 2 weeks ago The wave of German bombers I came over the Bari area just at dawn flying very low and very fast They caught the citys de fenses entirely by surprise as fre quently happens in an air attack made at dangerously low levels The raiders were not interested in port installations as much as in the ships in harbor A convoy apparently had arrived only a day inso before and the work oE un loading ships had been going lor vard at top speed Thus some ot the vessels lost were completely empty others had discharged por tions of their cargoes In all there were about 30 big merchant ships in harbor possibly a few more or a few less The attack lasted only a few the minutes When it was over har bor sbippinjr Avas a shambles and 1 merchant vessels lay useless on the botlon of Bari harbor The raid so far as could be es tablished here did not have any extremely disruptive effect on al lied strategy in Italy The 8th army suffered badly in supplies for i or 3 days but rap idly recouped its supply position The more significant effect was in the loss of shipping and the With funds already on hand Miss Doris Bruce and her asso ciates at the Social Welfare league administrator of the Cheer Fund arc already in full action making sure that there will be no empty stockings here this Christmas A number it names ot service mens families have been turned over to the league Others will be welcomed because the empha sis this year will be definitely in that direction So when you send in YOUR contribution include if you wish the suggestion ol some worthy of group giv harbor clearance work made nec essary at Bari The assault was carried out with obviously fine planning and brilliant execution One of the main difficulties with the defenses at Rari appears o have been that they were weak in fighter planes The British air forces in immediate charge in that area ordinarily follow the prac tice of concentrating on strategic tiombinc anil tactical support of front line positions Bari defenses tluis depended principally on antiaircraft equip ment which is not considered by military tacticians to be a primary vls WWllllV f family which otherwise might be lso much as a last dltch defensive forgotten The address Christmas Cheer Fund Mason City Iowa measure if Buy Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy
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