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Mason City Globe Gazette: Wednesday, December 8, 1943 - Page 1

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   Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - December 8, 1943, Mason City, Iowa                             COUP SAVE AM I Am Ammunition For War Dont Waste or Throw Me Away VOIi L Associated Press nd Unittd Press Full Leased Wires Five Cents a Copy CHANGTEHLQST TO JAP TROOPS IN RICE BOWL Allies Continue Heavy Plane Attacks on Jap Island Position By THE ASSOCIATED PBESS The Chinese have suffered a serious reversal in the rice bowl sector ol central China but on all other fronts the Pacific war the offensive remained in the hands of the allies The Chinese high command ad raided the loss of the Hunau prov ince city of Chancteh Dec 3 after 15 days siege by the Japanese and bitter fighting which inflicted heavy casualties on both sides Fall of the ancient city brought the prospect o a 3rd Japanese at tempt to capture Changsha the provincial capital 10 miles away The victory not only gave the enemy control of the rice bowl region but cut the HunanSzech wan supply line one of the Chi nese armys principal sources of supply In the southwest Pacific how ever the allies continued heavy aerial attacks on Japanese island positions amid further signs of preparations for new offensives In a move to facilitate better timing of their blows against the Japanese Gen Douglas MacAr thur southwest Pacific com mander and Admiral Lord Louis Mountbatten allied commander for southeast Asia have agreed on plans for Instantaneous inter change of information Speculation on the allies next move in the Pacific was height ened by the war production boards urgent call foivast quan tities of steel plates and sheets to build invasion craft lor further attackson German and Japanese areas A highranking military author ity in the southwest Pacific was quoted in a dispatch as saying Germanys defeat would have a greater effect on shortening the war in the Pacific than generally estimated A lull settled over ground fight ing on the Huon peninsula of New Guinea and on Bougainville in the Solomons as allied bombers pounded the northern arc pi Japa neseheld New J Britain and1 tije enemys remaining bases in northern Solomons The bombers concentrated aguin on Cape Gloucester in a ISOton attack on the western tip of New Britain where reconnaissance showed barge and troop move ment centers More than 100 planes participated in the raids ol earlier attacks on Ra baul the enemys principal base en New Britain was indicated by aerial observation It showed the use of Rabaul harbor by Japanese naval craft was extremely limited and that the air fields had some what over 200 planes preponder antly fighters BULGARIA MAY LEAVE AXIS German Colony at Ankara Is Nervous Stockholm from the Balkans Wednesday re ported a state of unbearable ten in Turkey and said Bulgaria was expected to break with the axis at any time A new trend in Bulgarian pol icy away from the axis described as a direct consequence of the allied conferences in Cairo was said to have resulted in the recall to Sofia of Bulgarias ministers to MoscowBerlin and Ankara A dispatch to the newspaper NYA Dagligt Allchancla made the forthright prediction that devel opments could be expected mo mentarily in the purported Bul garian plan to swing away from nazi domination German minister to Sofia conferred Tuesday night with Premier Dobri Bojilov the dis patches said and a Russian mili tary delegation arrived in Sofia with a new military attache The German colony at Ankara was described as extremely ner vous Ambassador Franz Von Papen conferred with Turkish Premier Sukru Saracoglu regard ing the Cairo talks All America Gridders Named New York ravy men including trainees 1 West Pointer and a discharged army vet make up the 19th annual college All America Wednesday br Associated Press sports writers AP Features Sports Editor Chip Royal tells the GlobeGazette readers alt about the top gndders on Wednesdays sports Besides giving yon the in side on the 11 players Royal explains why Angela Bcrtelli of Notre Dame and others didnt make the big squad Turn to the sports page and read about the seasons ace players MASON CITlf IOWA WEDNESDAY DECEMBER 8 1943 This Paper Consists ol One HOME EDITION mr and possible moves are shown on this map Dardanelles Militarized as Turkey Moves Toward Allies the allied camp as a benevolent an explosion in the tense situation said Wednesday A United Press dispatch filed from Ankara last Thursday said Turkey was calling up 1000000 more men to double the countrys armed strength this month Advices reaching Cairo in the wake of the AngloAmerican Turkish conference here said the Turks had laid out zones 3 miles wide on both sides of the Dar danelles and put them under strict military rule The historic Dardanelles gate way between the Mediterranean and Black Sea lies below the bor der of European Turkey near which the Germans were reported massing considerable armed strength Among the security measurestaken by Turks in recent here was the arrest of many per sons suspected of espionage for the nazis described as on the up sweep recently Turkish police also were keep ing close watch over Italians with fascist sympathies especially in the Istanbul area where there are about 75000 Italians All of them were under close supervision and their names were on police reg isters Wide Significance Is Seen in Pact Cairo 3day confer ence which Turkish President Ismet Inonu President Roosevelt and Prime Minister ChurcHSll con cluded Monday was viewed here Wednesday as foreshadowing events of far reaching significance n the middle east and Mediter ranean areas Conclusion of the parley was announced Tuesday in a communique which stated that the 3 government chiefs had studied the general political sit uation examined at length the policy to be followed and found that their nations are bound by the closest unity The conference was held id Cairo Dec 4 5 and 6 The somewhat vague declara tions of friendship and closest unity were desired by the Turks it was understood but the fact that the statement went this far was regarded as highly sig nificant Behind it lay possibilities rang ng from complete abandonment of Turkish neutrality to cession of air or other bases or less active help Harry Hopkins chairman of the BritishAmerican munitions as signments board and President Roosevelts advisor attended the conferences The Turkish delega tion contained no military chiefs The best guess in it was a guess based on some sup porting information was that Turkey would not actively enter Ihe war in the near future un less a direct cause was given by Germany An Associated Press dispatch from Ankara written Dec 4 but not relayed until Tuesday night said that Inonu had gone to the conference prepared to discuss all angles of Turkeys new re lationship with the allies and to the war The dispatch declared that there seems little doubt that the conference is in preparation for Turkish entry into the war although military action mav still be delayed for a couple of Few that the 3 days of least one which was attended by the BritishAmerican general were an emptyhanded gesture or that the 3 government heads did not have something definite in mind in placing the following words in the communique The study of all our problems n a spirit of understanding and 1SSIET INONU of Turkey loyalty showed that the closest unity existed between the United States of America Turkey and Great Britain in their attitude to ward the world situation The conversations in Cairo have con sequently been most useful and most fruitful for future relations between the countries concerned The soviet ambassador to Tur kej Sergei A Vinogradov joined most of the sessions but while the communique asserted that the traditional relations of friend ship between the Turks and Ihe Russians were reaffirmed there was no mention of Russia in that part of the communique which declared the existence of closest unity Among the significant events of the conference were 2 lastminute meetings of Inonu and Turkish Foreign Secretary Numan Mene mencioglu with British Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden and the British ambassador to Ankara Hughe KnntchbullHugcsson They met on the afternoon of Dec 6 and again for more than 2 hours on the morning of Dec 7 These sessions apparently drew Inonu in on the same subjects discussed by Eden and Menemcn cioglu in Cairo when the British foreign secretary returning from the October tripartite con 3crence in Moscow There was wide speculation at that time that possible cession Turkish bases to Britain on roughly the vsamc basis as use of the Azores was ac quired from Portugal had been under discussion The prevailing opinion on the justconcluded conference sccrris to be that although immediate de velopments will not neccssarily follow President Roosevelt and Prime Minister Churchill would hardly have invited Inonu to Cairo unless they had something defin ite in mind And the Turkish pres ident would not have accepted unless he had something to ask and give So far as could be learned of ficially none of the principals at the conference saw any member of the exiled Greek and Jugoslav ffovemments who arc here includ King Peter or KinR George And if either exiled Kovcrnment was pleased at the outcome of the meeting they gave no outward in dication fA Reuters dispatch from Cairo said however that Eden met King George II and Premier E J Tsoudcros of Greece and King Peter of Jugoslavia Churchill was reported to have seen Iraqs Re gent Emir Abdul Hah NEW CRISIS IN FRANCE LOOMS Abetz Back in Pans After Seeing Hitler Bern new and impor tant crisis in Germanys attitude toward Vichy France appeared building up Wednesday after the return of Otto Abetz nazi agent to Paris following a talk with Adolf Hitler A diplomatic source in Zurich said Vichy considered tiie situa tion dangerous because aging Marshal Henri Philippe Petain Vichy chief of state allegedly had been in contact with a foreign nonaxis government This same source said Berlin political circles learned t h a t Abetz had been returned to favor in Hitlers position he badlost Tjeeninstructed by the fuehrer and nazi Foreign Joachim von Ribbentrop to liquidate a Vichy crisis There was no indication how this would be carried out but Abetz was said to have been told to inform Petain the full power of he reich would be behind the move ami would act in favor of Chief of Government Pierre Laval These concessions according to a Stockholm dispatch would include return of deported French workers to the reich cessation of wehrmacht requisitioning of French products and establish ment ot normal commercial re lations Petain was said to have re fused flatly to negotiate as long as lie is held as practically a prisoner Abetz was classed as a moderate in dealing with France Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Considerable cloudi ness and somewhat colder Wed nesday night and Thursday lowest Wednesday night in Ma son City 20 Iowa Partly cloudy in northwest mostly cloudy in south and east portions Wednesday night and Thursday Occasional light rain in extreme southeast Thursday Slightly colder Thursday and in northwest partioii Wednesday night Minnesota Considerable cloudi ness Wednesday night preceded by light snow northeast portion Wednesday afternoon ending early Wednesday night Colder Wednesday northwest and ex treme vcst central portions Much colder upper Red River valley Thursday partly cloudy and colder IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Tuesday 43 Minimum Tuesday night 25 At 8 a m Wednesday 32 YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 20 Buy War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GlobcGazcKe j carrier boy t CONFESSES HE IS WANTED FOR MANLY MURDER Mysterious Slaying of 1932 Cleared Up at Red Bluff Cat C Underwood 42 itinerant laborer who gave him self up to officers at Red Bluff al Tuesday is wanted in Worth county the killing of James E Hill 63 Peoria 111 here Jan 1932 County Attorney L K Plummetof Northwood said Wed nesday The county attorney indicated are being made to return Underwood to Iowa for trial Sheriff James N Frooine of lied Bluff said Underwood a former shipyard worker made a signed statement that he killed a man at Manly Iowa in 1933 identifying the victim as a Mr Hill Reasons which led to Under woods confession artcithe Ions lapse from the time of the crime were not learned here but of ficers were informed that Under wood alighted from a bus in Red Bluff Cal and walked into the office of Sheriff Froome to moke his concession Underwood was booked eu iouie to Iowa pending arrival of Worth county Iowa authorities to extradite him Froome said The sheriff quoted Underwood as saying he accosted Hill at night on a street When he reached for his pocket I thought he was reach ing for a gun so I shot him Un derwood wrote Hill was shot and killed at 5 a m on the morning of Jan 27 1932 as he walked from a Manly cafe to get a bus fov Mason City The body was still warm when discovered by Lou Werlc a Rock Island railroad employe as he went home from work Footprints of Hills assailant were followed about 80 yards from where the body lay before they were lost in the highway The motive for he crime was never clearly established and all traces of the murderer were com pletely lost There was hardly a clew on which to work Hills home was at Peoria 111 at the timeof hiisdeath but he was Cerio Gbrclb county resident He had gone to 2oiva on business in connection with a farm which he owned when he was slain The motive for the crime did not appealto be robbery as in cash and watch wore found on the body The with which the crime was committed was never found The only tiling in Ihe nature of a clew on which officers could work wis the size of the foot prints left by the slayer The body of Hill was found in the middle of the road and traces of blood indicated lie had moved but slightly after being shot Two shots had been fired close to the head A 38 caliber gun was used Mr Hill was on his way to Mason City to transact business with Hugh Shcpard real estate man in connection with Hills land in Owen toiviisliip which had been in possession of the family for 60 years For many years Hill was asso ciated with L R Calkins in the implement business at Swaledalc Mr Hill was educated in the Mason City schools His father C H Hill was owner of much land near Marble Rock He was born in Winncshick county Hill and Blair Barney opened tlie 1st bank in Mcservcy and operated it about 10 years until it closed about 1891 NO AHies Take Mt Camino Recapture Monastery Ridgi Foster 77 Widely Known Iowa Falls Resident Dies JAMES E 11111 of Murder 1 U S Engineers Restore Naples Gas Service Naples million Neapoli tans are again cooking with gas After 6 weeks of work on the citys gas producing and distrib uting system badly damaged by bombs and German demolitions army engineers have restored service to the amazement of Ital ian engineers who had estimated the job would take 6 months Funeral services will be held at Friday afternoon in the Wood funeral home with the Rev Nelson Baxter of the local First Congregational church in charge Air Foster lived his entire life here in Iowa Falls In April of 1939 he and Mrs Foster cele brated their golden wedding an niversary at the home of Dr and Sirs Richard J Bennett Jr in Chicago Sirs Bennett is an only daughter In his younger days Mr Foster was assistant postmaster but for many years he had been engaged in the insurance and real estate business He directed Xhe develop ment of one of the communitys most important residential sec tions Throughout his life he had a passion for newswriting It was conceded that lie was the dean of Iowas news correspondents having engaged in it for almost BO years continuously The Globe Gazette has been served by him for at least a quarter ot a cen lury Many of his Interesting recol lections of early day Iowa Falls were included in a column con ducted by him for the Iowa Falls Citizen under he heading of Curbstone Pickups Another of his life interests was the legitimate theater With the coming of the movie however his interest in this field was per ceptibly dulled Mr Foster is survived bv his widow one daughter Mrs Ben nett of Chicago and 2 sons Dr John E Foster Hampton dentist and Fred Hay Foster of DCS Moines There are 4 grandchildren and 3 great grandchildren Nazi Tanks Take Several Towns in Fierce Assaults Moscow of the most desperate German tank and in fantry assaults launched during the 7wceks battle lor the Kiev bulge has forced the Red army to retire from several towns in the Chcrnyakhov Zorosten area but soviet troops have scored im portant gains southwest of Kre menchug and almost completely enveloped Znamenkn vital rail junction in the Dnieper bend a Russian war bulletin said Wed ncsclay Kussian advices said that ap proximately 1700 tanks had been hurled into a narrow sector west of Kiev by Field Marshal Fritz Vim Mannstein The Kussian com munique said the nazis had last of their tanks ami left at least InOO dead on the field of battle The nazi gains in the Kiev bulge however were offset by Russians gains to the south Here S Red army columns were driv ing on Znamenka from separate directions and 1 already was with in 4 miles of the towns gates the communique indicated Fall oE this strategic rail junction which front dispatches said was apparently in evitable would tend to disrupt the whole German communications and supply system in the vast area below Kiev and would undoubt edly help to relieve enemy pres sure on the Kiev salient Sixteen German strongholds fell before the soviet advance be low Krcmenchuc the commun ique reported One of them was the railroad station of Pantayevka 10 miles southeast of Znamenka marking a 12 mile Rain alonnj the railroad from Alexandria Two ot the 1 rail lines serving Znamenka have now been sev ered leaving only the routes south of Nikoleav and southwest of Kirovogracl in nazi possession the rail towns of Tsibulevo 14 miles northwest and Dimilrovka 7 miles northwest were captured in Tuesdays opening drive in this sector The Russians counted more than 1000 dead Germans on the blizards wept approaches to Znamenka after Tuesdays tight FRANK E FOSTER Families of Servicemen to Get Cheer ritFviousiy REIORTEII 51 n Eb e No 401 5IH E S Bond Julia Bo Mason Cily Lions Club 1000 IOO Alph Chi Chapter o Betasim Study Club NEW TOTAL F ALL THE tasks confront ing the Christ mas Cheer Fund this year none ing A considerable number prisoners were taken while railroad trains complete with sup plies fell into soviet hands Sev entyfive enemy tanks w e r e total of 128 for the day the communique announced With the battle for Znamenka reaching a decision front dis dispalchcs pointed out that the soviet armies under Gen Rodion Y Malinovsky were now less than 140 miles from the OdessaLwow railway to the west key to alt German communications in the Ukraine Krivoi Rog enemyheld Manganese center southeast of Znamenka loomed as an early ob jective on the red army schedule Adverse weather in While Rus sia where soviet advance columns is regarded by thoseinchorge of its adminis tration as be ing quite so im portant as sce i n g that no fa in i I y o I a service man is forgot ten So were asking you not only to con tribute financially to the cause but also to pass along to the So cial Welfare league the and addresses o any service mens families you think stand a chance of being missed at Ctirist names mas Contributions received xip to 10 oclock Wednesday morning added to the previously re ported total The largest single contribution was from the Mason City Lions club which for years has included Christmas Cheer Fund in its annual budget Another greatly appreciated Rift camc from the Mason City Typographical union another or ganization which down through lie years has been a loyal sup porter ot the Christmas Checi cause A look at the calendar reveals that there arc H giving days in which to reach the goal of this years campaign That means approximately S100 a day Can it be done Well thats one of those questions that YOU can both ask and help answer The address for gifts large and small is Christmas Cheer Fund Care GlobeGazette Mason City Jowi ADD POSTAL HEL1 DKS Moincs tfl Postmaster Edith Johnson said the initial group out of 377 temporary em ployes added for the Christmas mailing season went to work Tues day Trucks from Camp Dodge and Fort DCS Moincs will supplement the regular pnstolfice fleet of 82 trucks Buy War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy are converging on the rail centers of Zhlobin and Rogachcv north west of Gomel has temporarily prevented them from taking ad vantage of the favorable condi tions created in this and other sectors by recent Russian suc CLAIM RUMANIANS WIPE OUT BRIDGEHEAD London forces have won the bridgehead area es tablished by the Russians at Kerch in the Crimea wiping ou the soviet landing troops in a 3 day battle and taking 2000 pris oners the German high commam declared Wednesday The war bulletin recorded from a radio broadcast said heavy fighting continued southwest of Kremenchug where the Russians arc spearing deeper into the Dnieper bulge ALLIED TROOPS MAKE SAVAGE STEADY DRIVES Evidence of Heavy German Casualties in Battle Revealed Allied Headquarters Algiers If allied 5th army has cap ured the summit ot lofty Mount Camino routed the nazis from 3 villages southwest of Mignano and iainandbloodsoaked Monastery ridge in bitter fighting a win heights overlooking the o Cassino and Rome it was announced Wednesday Official reports from U Gen Mark W Clarks headquarters said he enemy had been shovedbaek io the friujrc of ridges on the northern and western edges of Mount Camino and Mount Mar jriore by the steady savage thrusts of American and British troops The 5th armys hammer blows through the deep powerful Ger man winter line toward Cassino were accompanied by fresh gains on the 8th armys Adriatic coastal sector Gen Sir Bernard L Montgom erys forces crushed repeated nazi counterattacks and reported lim ted advances in the area of the Moro river where both British tanks and infantry had crossed the stream Evidence of severe German cas ualties in defense ot this coastal sector came with discovery that Field Marshal Gen Albert Kessel ring had thrown the 90th armored grenadier division into the line there to relieve the 65th infantry division The 65th was so badly smashed that oneof its battalions lost all its officers emerging with only a sergeantmajor left to com mand Continued rain as well as fierce euemy defense slowed theBritish advance and the Germans threw a heavy artillery bombardment at alliedheld Lanciano key highway junction on the inland road Icad ine toward Chicfti Every foot gained in Ihe 5th armys newest advance was yielded only after desperate and costly defense by the Germans When British troops in sharp battle ousted the nazis from the summit of Monastery the Germans had retaken in a coun cr attack the day found it littered with German dead Monastery Hidge is 1 of the foothills leading to the top Mt Camino and Mt Maggiore Clarks guns now command the southern part of the road and valley between Mignano and Cas sino in which the Liri river flows into the upper Garigliano The 3 fortified villages from which Clarks British units knocked the enemy were Camino Acquapcndole and Cocuruzza 3 to 5 miles southwest of Mignano An NBC broadcast from Al giers said advanced U S units of the 5th nrmy now were li miles from the Camino plain where tanks can be used in the drive on Rome In a few places allied forward units have begun working down the west side of the newwon summits toward the valley The Germans who retreated to the northern slopes of Ml MaKjiorr are only a roileandahalf from the upper Garicliano without hope of establishing tenable positions short of that river U S medium and fighter bomb ers Tuesday twice attacked Civi tavecchia 45 miles northwest of Rome and principal Germany sup ply base on the Italian west coast but the days spectacular achieve ment came when American spit fires met a nazi lighters over the battle area downing 6 and damaging Z more without any American losses A large force of B25 Mitchells hit Civitavecchia first striking a ship dropping bombs close to oth ers touching off an explosion in an ammunition dump and blasting railroad yards Later U S A36 divebombers swooped in firinc warehouses and showering bombs around a freighter A3S and P40 warhawks at tacked bridges and roads near the 5th army front Pounding east coast supply lines U S Mitchells bombed railway yards at Pescara invaders smashed the town of Viacusa and RAF kit tybombers blasted German gun posts west of Orsogna The planes also dropped food lo American troops in virtually inac cessible mountains on the 5th army front ONLY 7 IX CLASS Cal Marys college of national football lame searched its bustling crowded campus this week found only 7 graduating seniors Everyone else seemed io be a navy trainee   

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