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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - December 4, 1943, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT OF HISTCSY rtro Five Cents a Copy I THE NEWSfAPER THAT HOME EDITION MAKES AU NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS MASON CITY IOWA SATURDAY DECEMBER 4 1943 This Paper Consists o Two One RAFTricks Nazis With Heavy Raid on Leipzig MOSQUITO CRAFT ASSAULT BERLIN Deception Draws Off Most of Nazi Fighters By ROBERT London RAF bomber command tricking the Germans with a welltimed shift of targets sent mosquitos roaring over scorched Berlin and heavy bomb feinting at the nazi capital Friday night then struck with devastating effect at the great German trading and railway een Lei pzig where 1 500 long there was hardly anything left of the borough of Charlottenburg also in the west end The eyewitness said the oncc square AlexanderPlatz the heart of tbe capital had been virtually destroyed in the deluge of hifih explosives The steady raids have cut 5 lours out of the average Ber liners day it was said Most arc iiome now by 5 p m compared to 10 p m previously Factories and offices are functioning from 7 a m through 2 or 3 p m The badly affected transporta tion system was said to have vecn further crippled by the raid mak ing idle the trains that had run through the Potsdamer and Stet tiner railway stations In each ol 4 massive attacks on Germany in 3 of them The deception drew off tHe great majority of German night lighters which rose once more to give battle when o part of block busting squadrons headed for the expiring capital Then just as Ihe main attack seemed about to break over Ber lin the major armadas streaked southward 90 miles and hit Leip zig from where the nazis have been trying to succor the capital with food and supplies The air ministry which first announced that 24 bombers were missing from the night attack later corrected the figure to 23 as compared with theprevious nights losses ot 41 in the 1500 ton attack on Berlin Battered Berlin however did not escape new destruction As the heavy bombers made their abrupt turn toward the 1 south swift 2engined mosquitos darted in to strike selected tar gets and keep the weary capital under siege for the 2nd succes sive night following 5 heavy blows Striking well after midnight in a quick change of procedure the heavy bombers dumped high ex plosives and incendiaries on Leip zigs industry and on her freight already strained to the limit to accommodate Russian bound war traffic currently forced this way by Berlins mangled communications First reports from crews re turning from the 1000mile round trip told of a concentrated and effective bombing of the city more than700000 population Leipzig is one of the worlds largest railway terminals Main rail lines from Rcgensburg Ber lin and Kassel intersect there and it is one of the gateways to tbe eastern front More than 20 firms there are engaged in the manu facture of aircraft components and it also is the home of assemb ly plants for JU8Ss and ME 109s Reports reaching Spain from Germany said Leipzig was one of the several big cities in the Berlin area now being drawn on heavily to support the capitals bomb battered millions The raid was he 8lh of the war on Leipzig last battered by the RAF on the night of Oct 29 after a Ion c respite lasting since late in 1949 A Swedish business man told Stockholm correspondents only Saturday that the industrial city appeared back to normal when he was there a few days ago Other RAF planes rounded out the nights assaults by sowing mines in enemy shipping lanes and fighters lashed out at enemy airfields over a wide area Reports from Berlin through neutral countries said that 3 oJ Berlins biggest bakeries had been destroyed in Thursday nights as sault and that bread now was coming in from Leipzig and Mag deburg Berlins Funkhaus broadcasting situated in the far west end of the city was hit a Swedish dispatch said and an eyewitness reaching Stockholm reportec bomber forces averaging 700 planes dropped more than long tons bombs it was esti mated from the RAF statistical review of the months operations During the same month the Germans dropped only 120 tons on England all on the southern half Nazis Report Turkish Chiefs to Confer With Churchill Roosevelt By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS President Ismet Inonu of Tur key accompanied by Foreign Min ister Numan Mencmencioglu and Marshal Fevzi Cakmak com manderinchief of tha Turkish army left Saturday for a confer ence with Prime Minister Church ill and President Roosevelt at either Tabriz or Cairo the Berlin radio said The nazi broadcast credited Turkish Political circles at Istanbul for the report Smashes Estranged Wifes Rationed Foods Minneapolis Wilson 49 Minneapolis was under a sus pended 30 day svorkhouse sen tence Saturday for breaking into his estranged wifes home and throwing her rationed foodstuffs on the floor Judge Earl Lyons in staying Wilsons sentence for a year said I thought it was a woman scorned that hell hath no fury like 25000 OFFICERS TO BE RELEASED 25000 Others to Be Put m Operations Jobs By WILLIAM F AKBOGAST Washington iP An estimated 25000 officers whose services the army no longer needs soon will be returned to civilian lite it was learned Saturday while another 25000 will be shitted from ad ministrative positions to opera tions jobs The figures came out of a meeting held this week behind NO military with Brig Gen Miller White assistant chief of staff in charge of per sonnel The reduction in officer strength from approximately 650000 to 625000 was made pos sible committee sources said by a cutback in the planned enlisted strength of the army from 8200 000 men to 7GOO000 by the end of 1913 and a shifting of empha sis from training to operational activities With its raining and procure ment programs well over the hump the army finds itself with a surplus of administrative offi cers and an abundance of field leaders to meet present and pro jected requiremeiits The officers to be discharged will be men over the draft age who were commissioned as spe cialists and officers called from retirement early in the war whei there was a shortage of men with army administrative ability None of those returned to civilian life will be men who otherwise might WEDGE DRIVEN BY5THARMYIN GERMAN LINES Record Bombardment Pulverizes Nazi Strong Points 8th Army Gains By NOLAND NORGAARD Allied Headquarters Algiers P Lt Gen Mark W Clarks 5th army has smashed a wedge into crman defenses after the heavi est artillery and aerial bombard ment ot the Italian campaign had pulverized many strongpoints and has driven ahead 2 miles along the Via Casilina toward Rome head quarters announced Saturday The Algiers radio reported the 5th army had taken the important town of Calabritto about 7 miles southwest of Mignano On the Adriatic front the Brit ish 8th army knifing ahead toward the back door to Rome ap proached the outskirts of San Vito 16 miles below the port of Pescara and also swept up the towns of Lanciano Treglio Orsogna and Casoli all in inland country be yond the Sangro ridge Orsogna the farthest point of advance inr land is about 8 miles beyond the Sangro British avid American troops of the 5th army launched their full scale offensive on mountain posi tions guarding both sides of the Via Casilina a main road to Rome on Thursday night it was dis closed The assault aimed in the direction of Cassiuo drove he Germans from the important Ca iniuo and IMaggiore heights west of Mignauo front line dispatches said These dispatches said the might iest artillery barrage since Gen Sir Bernard L Montgomery broke the German Africa corps at El Alamein in Egypt bellowed from he throats of hundreds of guns as he Americans and British aunched their offensive Extremely bitter fighting con inued Friday and Saturday as the hrust carried into the maze of ortified positions dotting the slopes of 2800foot Mount Camino 4 miles southwest of Mignano and deeper into the tough mountain country north and northeast of Mignano Cons oners were taken as Clarks head quarters reported that the on slaught was proceeding accord ng to plan and thefrontline ac counts said the 5th army mm holds heights which provide ob servation over the enemy in the Liri valley below and beyond issino The 8th army in hammerin hrough to Orsogna for its biggesl tain placed a deep wedge in the Germans secondary defenses sev ering routes without which the enemy could not hope o maintain a line anywhere near the Sangro In the area of Guardiagrele a crossroads town about 4 miles southwest of Orsogna a fierce battle raged wftthe British forces be drafted Surplus officers of draft age will be retained for other duties for which replacements may be necessary in the future MRS GANDHI RECOVERING Bombay government disclosed Saturday that Mrs Mo handas K Gandi wife of the In dian nationalist leader had suf fered 2 heart attacks during the past week but said heir condition was improving Bay War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy Chief Shire Pensioned From Mason City Fire Department Retired Because of 111 Health at Own Request Has No Plans for Future Chief Dan Shire of the Mason City fire department retired Sat urday His request for pension was approved by the citys pen sion board upon the report ot the boards 3 examining physicians His retirement pay is onehalf his salary while on active duty City Manager Herbert T Bar clay announced that the chiefs resignation was effective Dec 15 but that he is entitled to 2 weeks vacation on pay and consequent ly his request leave has been James Kelly and Capt Thomas Keen an will be in charge The city manager said no suc cessor to Chief Shire would be named until civil service exami nations required by law have been held Chief Shire expressed his grati fication at the action of the board and said he could not iiave faced the coming winter on the job with any pleasure He said that he had no plans for the future but I for immediate granted Capt CHIEF DANIEL H SHIRE would remain in Mason City a least untilJlrs Shires health im proves The chief completed his 16th year of service here on Dec 1 Allies Push Forward in New Guinea By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Japanese possession of the en lire Huon peninsula in northeast ern New Guinea was threatened Saturday by the advance of 2 Aus tralian units battling to clear that strategic sector for a possible in vasion of New Britain island Veteran digger troops have captured nearly half of the pen insula coast and are now pushing inland as well Only he narrow Dampier strait stands between Huon and the lower extremity of New Britain Japans major base in the southwest Pacific One Australian force is closing in on Wareo 11 miles northwest of coastal Finschhafen and the juncture of jungle trails forming the line of Japanese retreat A 2nd unit advanced toward the moun tain redoubt of Wareo Allied bombers continued to smash at Japanese bases on the toe of New Britain where inva sion landings might be made in the drive to neutralize if not di rectly assault the islands bat tered stronghold of Rabaul Bor gen bay was the latest target of more than 50 Mitchells Aside from China there was a lull in ground action elsewhere n the Pacific theater but allied lyers gave the enemy no respite n the Solomons Possibility that the costly fight for Tarawa in the Gilbert islands might lead to entirely new meth ods of assault Japanese island defenses was suggested in Wash ington as delayed dispatches told of development of a strong Ameri can base on the captured mid Pacific afoll For the iOlh successive day al lied bombers encountered no ene my interception over Bougainville the last sizeable Japanese holding in the northern Solomons Two aii fields which the enemy had man aged to repair were rendered in active again with 57 tons ol Antiaircraft fire downec 1 dauntless divebomber The Chinese high command said fighting still raged both inside and outside the city of Changteh but that Chinese forces were ad vancing in the drive to encircle the Japanese forces in the centra China rice bowl In contrast to the Chinese com munique the Tokyo radio clai me Japanese troops completed occu pation of Changfeh Friday af te People of Russia Acclaim News of 3 Power Session commander was as sayin We have never met such resist ance from the enemy since the Shanghai operations END OF PARLEY HELD IN IRAN IS TOLD BY REDS Historic Decisions Reached at Sessions to Be Revealed Soon By EDDY G1LMORE Moscow Russian peo le were informed Saturday that heir premier Marshal Stalin had ft the country in the midst of he war and had held a momentous onfcrence with President Roose elt and Prime Minister Churchill i Teheran in neighboring Iran The news of the conference which was generally supposed to lave dealt with the most far eachinp matters concerning not only immediate battlefields but also matters of high political im MAR1NES CHARGE JAP PILLBOX the order to charge these marines swarmed over a Jap pillbox on Ta rawa island and engaged in the type of fighting which claimed so many of tlie 1026 dead on the 2 mile long atoll in the Gilberts By openly attacking the pillboxes the ma rines exposed themselves to fire from other fortified points Russian Troops Closing In on Zhlobin From 2 Directions London army troops sloshing forward through knee deep snow and mud were closing in from 2 directions Saturday 01 Zhlobin important Germanheld rail and communications hub at the juncture of the GomelMinsk Leningrad Odessa railways in White Russia Far to the south other soviet forces plunged deeper into Ger man lines west their Dnieper river bridgehead below Kremen chug and hurled back fierce ed WJtt ut fro fanned out from the points of their original breakthrough Fightin 3th army also was fierce as the captured Lanciano a market town and highway center situated on a 90 foot ridge where the nazis resisted bitterly At Treglio 3 miles south of San Vito and 4 miles inland the Brit ish successfully beat off a coun terattack Tiny Baby Waves 1 Inch Arms and Makes Bid to Live New York in a fluffy crib of absorbent cotton and waving her 1inch arms a baby girl so tiny it could be held in the palm of an adults hand held her own Saturday in her bid for life The child which by all medical rules of the past should have been dead when it was born 3 months too soon at the Shore Road hospi tal in Brooklyn last Saturday was making fractional gains in weight as she lay in the incubator She weighed only 1 pound IC ounces at birth The little girl Mary Ann Maceli was delivered by Dr Lewis Kap Jan to Mrs Ann Maceli 39 Brooklyn Dr Kaplan had little hope of a live birth when he at tencjcd at the premature birth stating that instances of babies living after having been born so early and so small virtually were unknown in medical history The doctor rushed the child to an incubator and under his and Dr John Mussios treatment which included feeding of 2 drops of rye whisky as a heart stimulant daily and a quarterounce of mothers milk every 2 hours the baby remained in good condition Once daily the child gets a hypo of glucose and saline to prevent dehydration CAR 2 TRAINS ARE IN CRASHES 3 Are Killed and 25 Hurt in 2 Accidents Massilion Ohio crowded Pennsylvania passenger train speeding from Chicago to Pitts burgh smashed an automobile at a grade crossing near here Friday night killing 3 persons and then was rammed in the rear by an other passenger train in a wreck which injured 25 persons and de railed 2 coaches The victims were identified ten tatively by highway patrol offi cers as Franklin L Ralston 52 of near Kilbuck Ohio driver of the automobile his wife 50 and Miss Jean E Fiber 16 of Portage Lakes Ohio The injured none hurt critical ly were likcn to hospitals here Patrol Corporal H C Clovci said that after the 1st section of Pennsylvanias Liberty Limited struck Ralslons automobile the engineer sent his flagman out to guard the rear ot the train The fireman suffered cracked ribs in the sudden The 2nd section of the Liberty Limited was unable to stop Glover added and smashed into the rear of the 1st train telescop ing its engine 5 feet into the last sleeping car on the 1st train The 2 rear coaches were tele scoped together witnesses re ported and were derailed Buy War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy CHILD IS SUFFOCATED Oskaloosa o b b y Van Kaaften 2 died in his crib of suf focation when a fire swept the Van Haaftcn home Friday after noon His parents Mr and Mrs David Van Haaften were busy in a carpenter shop at the rear of the house when the fire broke out Buy War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GhibeGazette carrier boy 6 Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Fair Saturday night Sunday and Monday colder Saturday night lowest tempera ture in Mason City 25 Iowa Fair to partly cloudy not change in temperature Saturday night and Sunday except slightly colder in extreme north cast portion Saturday night Minnesota Partly cloudy Saturday night and Sunday Continued cold extreme northwest and slightly wanner north portions Sunday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Friday 42 Minimum Friday night 31 At 8 a m Saturday 31 YEAR AGO Maximum 12 Minimum j icounteiattacks up river the Cher kasy area a Russian communique said There was no mention In the soviet bulletin regarding develop ments in the Kiev bulge where the Germans sit astride newly recaptured Zhitomir and Koros ten on the LeningradOdessa line but Berlin broadcasts said there had been no clash of major im portance in that rainsoaked area for the past 30 hours Gen Constantino Rokossovskys whiteclad troops were reported raising havoc with the German railway network northwest of Gomel and the army communi que said more than 100 populated places were overrun in Fridays steady advance Key points taken in this 2 pronged drive aimed at envelop ing Zhlobin were Sverjcn and Dovsk to the north and Slotanovka and Staraya Rudnya to the south westThe latter town is only 9 miles from Zhlobin Dovsk is a junction on the Gomel Mocjlev and Rogachev Roslavl railways 18 miles north east of RoKachev Sverjen lies 7 miles further west The nazis tenaciously to hold these guardian strongpoints of their im portant rail lines lost heavily the soviet bulletin said recording 700 enemy dead in 1 salient alone An additional 800 were killed in fighting elsewhere in the area while more than 10000 soviet ci vilians earmarked for slave labor inside Germany were liberated the communique added In the Dnieper bend soviet troops were said to have blasted their way westward 15 miles from their Krerncnchug bridge head to reach NovoGeorgievsk The movement apparently was designed to relieve the pressure on soviet units in the Cherkasy salient 70 miles to the north Here numerous nazi counter thrusts to the hundreds of Germans were killed Korislovka rail junction 21 miles east of Znamenka and Klochkovo were reported in soviet hands after heavy fighting Red army troops were said to be shell ing Znamenka key to German lateral communications between the Kiev bulge and the Dnieper bend were repulsed according soviet communique and FUEL CRISIS IS FftCEDICKES Follows tiOfi Lost Through Strikes Washington Sec retary Ickes has told congress lha the country faces afuel crisis un paralleled in its history as a resul of the loss of 40000000 tons c coal production through miner strikes lie made this statement it wa learned Saturday in asking for S3S50000 special supplemcnta appropriation to carry out a Pla of allocating available coal sup plies this winter The senate sub committee on deficiency appro priations approved the amount District allocation offices woul be set up in 65 cities under Ickes plan In a letter to the subcommitte Ickes office said the latest seric of strikes in late October an early November cut coal produc lion 10000000 tons on top of production loss of 30000000 ton luring earlier work stoppage growing out of the contract dis pute between Tohn L Lewi united mine workers and opera tors This presents a full crisis un paralleled in the history of Ih country the letter said This1 further loss at this lime of year iccessitatcs an iilmosl thorough going allocation of coal Allocation will involve such diversions of coal as may be necessary to meet the most critical needs Critical needs can be met only by such diversionsand allocations and the thorough understanding by consumers of the need for ev ery possible conservation The situation requires the set ling up of offices in about 65 stra tegic cities throughout the produc tion fields and in consuming areas These offices will act upon in formation received from various sources to alleviate supply short ages by direct and local action where possible District advisory boards wouirt assist the fuels administrations F R Secretary Doubts News Soon About Conference Washington House Secretary Stephen T Early told cporlers Salurdaj that he did lot expect any announcement to be made soon on the results of h e Roosevelt Churchill Stalin war conferences at Teheran Iran Commenting on press and radio reports from abroad that some official announcements were ex pected momentarily Early said Frankly I dont see them as coming that quickly If they were I think I would know about it When his attention was called to a statement by Elmer Davis director of the office of war in formation expressing surprise over the official Moscow an nouncement that the big3 had met and agreed on military and political questions without simul taneous disclosure in the other lied capitals Early said We knew nothing about it port was received with whole hearted welcome by the Russian people ivlio acclaimed it as the best sign yet of evererowinR friendly relations amour the 3 na tions The announcement that Mar shal Stalin had found time in the midst of his direction of the war to meet fate to face with the chiefs ot the 2 great allied gov ernments was conveyed to the Russians by the soviet press in a Tuss dispatch from Teheran The press confined itself to this bare announcement by Tass that the Teheran meeting had been held and made no comment But the radio repeated the news at frequent intervals and it be came the topic ot conversation everywhere throughout the soviet capital at once personnel program under the allocation Barracks Housing Nazi Soldiers in Grenoble Blasted Switzerland explosions early Friday Bern terrific u shattered a barracks at Grenoble France in which several hundred German troops were quartered killing 12 and injuring 50 a dis patch from Grenoble to the Trib une de Geneve reported Satur day The blasts also flatfened a num ber of nearby buildings and scat tered debris over several hundred yards the dispatch said Some 30 French civilians were injured Last month a similar explosion destroyed a nazi munitions depo in Grenoble killing several Ger man soldiers and in the resulting contusion German troops firec into crowds killing more than 35 persons Arranging for Release of News By E C DANIEL London Moscow ra dio announced Saturday that the 1 o n gawaited StalinRoosevelt Churchill conference lias been concluded at Teheran Iran and in London it was expected thai his toric decisions applying both to the battlefield and to political questions would be made public cry soon The declaration which will urely present fullering Germany he choice ot unconditional sur render or certain bloody defeat by historys greatest land and air offensive waited only completion of arrangements for its simulta neous release at all 3 capitals British and American authori ies were understood to be in con ference on the arrangements Moscows broadcast that the conference actually has been held vas the opening gun of what is expected to be the biggest barrage yet aimed by the allies at the ap prehensive axis in a nerve war offensive As a result ot the Thursday night broadcast by U S Senator Tom Connally and the subsequent Moscow announcement that the conference actually had been held the decisions doubtless will be published earlier than originally intended Considerations for the safety of PremierMarshal Joseph Stalin President Roosevelt and Prime Minister Churchill the main rea son for delaying an announce ment were obviated by the Mos cow radio statement It said the heads of the 3 great allied pow ers met a few days ago The announcement made in an official soviet news agency broad cast for provincial Russian papers said A few days ago in Teheran a conference took place between the leaders of the 3 allied powers President Roosevelt Prime Min ister Churchill and Premier Stalin Diplomatic and military reprcsen
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