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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - December 3, 1943, Mason City, Iowa DEPARTMENT OF NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSrAPER THAT EDITION MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHIORS VOL L Associated Press and United Prtss full Leased Wires Five Cents a Copy MASON Cm IOWA FRIDAY DECEMBER 3 Tlus Paper Consists at Two NO GIVE IN OR DIE ULTIMATUM TO BE GIVEN NAZIS Senator Connally Says Big 3 Conference of Paramount Importance By E D BALL London London Star said Friday a RooseveltStalin Churchill conference in the middle east has drawn up a final give in or die ultimatum to Germany Stalin is at war parley meet ins with Churchill and Roosevelt give in or die to Germany was the way the afternoon newspayer headlined the article Earlier Chairman Tom Con naUy of the U S senate foreign relations committee had declared in Fort Worth Texas that an other great conference is taking place in the middle east among the 3 united nations leaders and described the meeting as of para mount significance The Churchill Roosevelt Stalin meeting about which there has been so much speculation has taken place the London Star said The 3 statesmen are now con ferring somewhere in the middle east Some reports axis and uou Bosing of U S Anglo Planes in Russia Discussed By UNITED PRESS President Roosevelt Prime Minister Churchill and Premier Josef Stalin are drafting a sur renderordie ultimatum to Ger many dispatches from Istanbul said Friday and some observers in Washington believed the 3 statesmen were prepared to en force their threat by basins An gloAmerican air fleets hi Russia and devastatinc Germany by shuttle bombing The Istanbul reports carried by the British news agency Exchange Telegraph and bearing the censor ship notation passed for publi cation said the R o o s e v e 11 ChurchlllSUlin conferencewas takinz Mace at Tabriz Iran 351 milesnorthwestof Xehenn Mai only 6t miles sooth ef Russias Caucasian border A tailed Press dispatch front Washington said the granting of Russian bases from which the day and night airfleets of the United States and Britain could blast Germany may be one of the first concrete developments of the Roosevelt Churchill Stalin con ference Shuttle bombing between Brit ain and Russia would be espe cially advantageous to American daylight raiders Those based in Britain would have the alterna tive of returninc home or going on to Russia The Germans thus be forced to divide their fighter planes to meet either con tingency and the dispersal of power would make easier the task of all airmen engaged in the as sault against Germany tral say Hie meeting place is Teheran others say it is Tabriz in the Russian military zone ot northern Persia The 1st definite news this new conference was given to the world by Connally in a radio address from Fort Worth Official Washington and Lon don maintained a discreet silence while continental radios told the world hat President Roosevelt Prime Minister Churchill and Premier Joseph Stalin were in Iran drawing up an uUimatinm callinc upon Germany to sur render under pain of being bombed to destruction A Berlin broadcast quoting ad vices from Lisbon declared the meeting end during the day and predicted that a communique announcing the decisions reached would be issued before nightfall The Germancontrolled Paris radio asserted that the conference was being held at Tabriz in north west Iran across the border from Russia and said that soviet troops had been concentrated there to as sure the safely of the allied states men Similar reports emanated from Bern Vichy and Turkey All agreed that the conferees were meeting somewhere in Iran bul some expressed belief the confer ence was being held in the capital at Teheran The situation cjosely paralleled the circumstances surrounding the recent North African conference when axis and neutral sources proclaimed that Roosevelt and Churchill were conferring at Cairo with Generalissimo ChiangKai Shek several days before the of ficial announcement of that meet ing Unconfirmed press dispatches tioin Turkey asserted that a de mand to Germany to surrender or be bombed to destruction was be ing prepared and that the ulti matum would provide for stripping Germany of all her war gains It is certain that the allies will make an unconditional surrender appeal to the Germans said the Turkish newspaper Cumhuriet The 3 slatemcn must therefore take a decision on the form o German government with which FACES Kaster who was sentenced Friday to be hanged is shown above as he was being ques tioned at the Cerro Goido county sheriffs office after he was captured at Ventura Kneeling beside Kaster is Dep uty Sheriff Cal Dwan In the background is Cecil McGinnis Algona policeman State Agent Max Studer who was tiie star witness of the state at the trial is wearing a handkerchief on his left arm used by officers to identify each other during the search for Kaster during the night KasterIs to Be Hanged for Waverly Murder M Kaster 35 Janesville whose criminal caree started 10 years ago with the theft an automobile was sentenced Friday to be hanged lor He killed Glenn Winchcll Wav erly utilities guard Sept 25 to obtain a gun and holster In ordering Kaster to die on the gallows at the Fort Madison state prison Dec 29 1944 District Judge T A Beardmore followed the recommendation of a jury of 10 men and 2 women who de liberated only 4 hours and cast only their 1 ballot verdict before returning Ktistcr will be the 1st oecupan of death row at Fort Madisoi since Nov 12 1341 when Ivai L Sullivan was hanged lor kill ing a prison guurd Kaster made no statement no show of emotion during the sen tenting Judge Beardmore overruled th motion for new trial offered bj Defense Counsel J P Murphy they will be prepared to nego tiateV In London it was thought that 3 declaration might as sore the German people that they would not lie enslaved regardless of how heavily German must pay for the war Such 2 declaration it was thought would till the Ger man people that the allies were not fighting them but their nazi masters and would issure them they would be free to choose their own form ef democratic govern ment fatter the nazi regime was abolished Significantly perhaps Stalins 1941 assertion that we have not and cannot have such war aims as forcing our will and our regime on Slavonic or any other enslaved European peoples who are expect ing our assistance was repub lished Thursday iri the soviet War News weekly Another topic which might be discussed at any Big 3 confer ence might be the attitude of neu tral Turkey whose entrance into the war on Hie side of the allies is regarded as increasingly pos sible A Washington dispatch noting that it is generally believed that such a conference would also take up the question of administering liberated territories in central Eu rope said that Czech President Eduard Benes might act as medi ator between the Poles and Rus sians Eenes left London several weeks ago and was later reported to have arrived in Moscow A Swedish dispatch quoted a German spokesman as saying meanwhile that a German capit ulation was impossible because while Germany has hccn righting on the defensive since 1942 her aimies still are battling outside the borders of he fatherland The German aim he was quoted as saying is to exhaust the enemy to the point where he will be will ing to acknowledge the position ot the defender and make peace with him LA GUARDIA FOR FOOD SUBSIDIES Warns Against Boost in Living Cosls Washington Fiorel lo H La Guardia of New York City asserted Friday that abolition food subsidies not only would mean higher living costs but might bring an inflation that would break the financial back of every city in the country Testifying before the senate banking committee in opposition to the houseapproved legislation that would halt the billion dollar a year government subsidy pro gram Ian La a lot of statistics had been nut forward by both sides of the controversy and added The people of my town cant eat statistics we are concerned uith food prices and theyve al ready gone up in New York City 39 per cent since 41 We cant af ford to let them get out of hand La Guardia said thnt if we should have inflation every city in this country would go broke in cluding mine The New York mayor was one of several city administrators here to oppose the subsidy repeal which the house passed by n top heavy majority and which farm bloc leaders seeking higher agri cultural prices in lieu of subsidies have predicted the senate also will approve La Guardia appearing as chair man of the United States Confer ence of Mayors testified that if the government tried to control food prices at existing levels through ceilings from the farm to the producer fair share REDS CUT OUT NEW ADVANCES N W OF GOMEL Reinforced Nazis Pound in Vain Against Soviet Bridgehead at Cherkasy By IIENKY C CASS1DY Moscow German nfanlry and tank divisions Ueav ly reinforced by mechanized orees rushed from western Eur pe battered in vain against the Russians CherUasy bridgehead on he Dnieper river red army troops carved out new gains Thursday icrthwest of Gomel where they captured more than 80 towns a o v i e t communique announced Triday Fish tins continued with un abated ferocity all alone the front despite the prevalence of rain slush and snow field dispatches said The Russian communique re ported gains along the lower Pripol river southeast of Zhlobin and in the direction o Znainenlcu a rail center southwest of Krem enchug and key to lateral com munications between the Kiev bulge and the Dnieper bend Approximately 2900 Germans were killed in Thursdays battles the communique said The war bulletin said the Ger mans were throwing troops against the Russian lines withoul consideration for large losses especially in the Cherkasy sector where 1000 nazis uere wiped oui in a series of futile counterat tacks Both the Russian and German communiques were silent con cerning the bloody fighting in the Kiev bulge east of Zhitomir and Korosten where tank battles o unparalleled intensity were sak to be raging German broadcasts however reported a fresh soviel offensive surging southwest along the Smolensk road toward Orsha and Minsk capital of White Rus sia iit the intersection of the M o s c o w Warsaw and Libau Kharkov railways Berlin said the red army drive had pierced the German lines in 2 GenConstantino Kokossovskys drive for Zhlobin in addition to killing 1500 German troops Thurs day Prisoners and wrecked 26 tanks Red army vanguards pushing southwest of Kremenchug cap lured the towns of Dmitrovka and Fedorki respectively G and 15 miles north ot Znamenkn killing another 400 Germans and destroy ing 27 enemy tanks the communi que said Znamenka itself was re ported within red army artillery range RAF STARTS HUGE FIRES IN BERLIN the market place wouldnt get his Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Fair and wanner Fri day night lowest temperature in Mason City 28 Saturday part ly cloudy and warmer increas ing winds lona Fair and warmer except in extreme cast centralportion Friday night Saturday partly io II 11 and warmer increasing iinatfa UKed by whereas subsidies allowed the government o maintain a fair price to the producer and keep the consiimcr from the differ ence La Guardia said thnt regardless of what labor department statis tics might show he considered the estimate of 39 per cent food price rise in New York City since 1941 as the most accurate because it comes from Mrs Smith Mrs Jones Mrs Brown and Mrs Espo sito winds Minnesota Partly cloudy and slightly warmer Friday night except becoming cloudy and slightly colder northwest por tion late Friday nighl Mostly cloudy and colder Saturday with snow flurries north and central portions Fresh to mod erately strong winds IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Thursday 30 Minimum Thursday night 19 At 8 a m Friday 19 YEAR AGO Maximum 3 Minimum 5 Sighs Interrupts Song Says Shut Up Boston Sinatra the Swami of Swoon learned Friday that his fans can take it Irked by the sighs shrieks and swoons of liis audience of teen agers at a downtown theater Thursday the singer finally inter rupted 1 of his songs to tell them to shut up The theater management figured that such tough tactics might have its effect on the box office But they were agreeably surprised when at midmorning every scat 2 INDICTED ON INCOME CHARGES Nate Lapiner and Sam Richer Are Named DCS Moincs Lapiner Mason City automobile dealer imd Snm Richer an employe have oeen indicted by the federal grand jury here on an income tax eva sion chnrge The 4 counts of the indictment charged that Lapiner filed false federal income tax returns for the 4 years beginning with 1937 and involving total taxes of S11546 In addition Lapiner and Richer were charged jvith concealing Lupihers true income from gov ernment officials by keeping a pet of books in which numerous Hems of income were omitted Count 1 staled that Lapiners 3 Newsmen Are Missing After Raid London war corre spondents failed to return from Thursday nights great RAF raid iBerlin Lowell Bennett of International News Service Nor man Stockton of the Sydney Aus tralia Sun and juiothcr whose name was withheld temporarily Stockton who reported the war in New Guinea and once served as deputy editor ot the South China Morning Post flew in the raid on he German capital willi an Australian squadron of Lan casters Bennett was officially reported missing by the British air ministry wlicii the bomber in which he was a passenger failed to return Younu Bennett made the flight as a representative of the Ameri can pool and was to have writ ten an eyewitness account of Hie of Berlin for the 3 Amer ican news Associ ated Press the United Press and International News Service In making 1 place available for an American correspondent to go on the raid the air ministry in vited tlie 3 American news serx ices to draw lots International News Service Associated Press and United Press balloted and the lot fell fo INS Bennett and William Wade also of INS botli expressed n de lire lo make the trip and tossed a coin to decide the assignment Thursday nights losses brought to 115 the total casualties suffered by BritishAmerican war corre spondents in this war Twenty seven have been hilled 33 wounded 10 have been reported Sand45preprisdnors aviiiinterned Edward Morrow London corre spondent of the Columbia Broad casting system and Alfred Kin London editor of he Sydney Aus tralia Moriiin Herald went on Thursday niellis raid and re turned safely After he won the toss Hint gave him liis assignment Bennett pro ceeded in high spirits to an RAF bomber station where for some days he sweated it out before weather permitted his departure on the Berlin raid During this sweating out pe riod he telephoned his London office from the bomber station and spoke cheerfully of the prospects of obtaining a great yarn As soon as it was announced that Bennett was missing inves tigations were launched through the International Red Cross and oilier channels to ascertain whether Bennett was a prisoner in Bennetts wife Elizabeth and his young son Alan born in Lon don during the blitz are living with Mr and Mrs Lowell Ben nett Sr in South Orange N J Mrs Bennett is expecting a 2nd child and because Bennett wanted his 2nd son to be born on Ameri can soil he persuaded his wife to leave England for the United Stnles just a few weeks ngo Bennett enlisted in the Ameri can field service as a volunteer ambulance driver shortly after the l no 11 U11UU 1 31kullly nil net income for 193 wasS25J44 of the war between Ger und tint his income tax should Pranceand England S27G ehcd He served in this capacity clur that he filed a return showing a net loss of 5306197 for the year The other counts set lorth the situation as follows Net income for 193S was S34 928 Tax should have been S43C082 Lapiners return showed n net loss of Net for 1939 was S26374 Tax should have been S261679 Lapmcrs re turn showed a net income of S370133 Net income for 1940 wai Tax should have been 5229459 Lnpiners return showed a net loss of S544372 The 2 men were arraigned be fore United Slates District Judge Charles A Dcwey Friday and were given till Dec 10 to cntc plcaa capacity ing the early war period trans porting Flinch wounded from the Mnginot line to hospitals in the rear He vras captured by the Ger mans shortlyafter the fall ot France but managed to escape be cause ns he explained it I was an American and they didnt pay much attention to us ambulance drivers anyway For his ambulance driving serv ice with the French army he was awarded n crnix rte guerre with palms and a iVIaginol line deco ration Later he canie to England and joined the London staff ot Inter national News Service DRIVE UP arrows indicate British 8th army approach to Lanciano on the Adriatic seacoast and BritishAmerican 5th army advance west of Montaquila de tailed by allied headquarters Broken arrows are apparent routes each is attempting to follow to form what ultimately may be a pincers assault on Rome f 5r t Army Smashes Forward rltaly By WES GALLAGHER Allied Headquarters Algiers Gen Mark W Clarks arm troops after a long stalemate on the western Italian front have cracked forward through machinegunraked fields and barbed in the Calabrillo area in the of a rolling barrage of artillery shells and aerial bombs allied headquarters announced Friday The British 8th army also con tinued to smash the Germans back beyond the Sangro vidge and captured Castel Frentano on a lateral road west of the impor tant German defense town of Lanciano and pushed on toward San Vito on the Adriatic coast 6 miles beyond Wednesdays line Bul Gen Sir Bernard L Mont gomerys drive showed signs of slowing down Bo1h the 5th and 8ll armies took prisoners in their advance The airforce reported heavy at tacks around San Giorgio Kocca and Ccrvaiio on the 5th army front ivhere the Germans were said to have mounted guns on every strategic height around the road to Rome Allied air attacks were the heaviest in many days and 17 German planes were destroyed for a loss of 8 allied planes A force of liberators escorted by lightnings pounded Bolzano on the Brenner pass line in north ern Italy while the Biltish de stroyers Quccnsborousli and Raider bombarded nazi installa tions in the Albanian port of at night The liberators and lightnings were lions engaged by strong of MElOils and FWJ90s Berlin NY to Giv F R Christmas Tree Albany N Y will provide President Roosevelts Christmas tree this Yulctidc stale conservation department anj nounccd Friday a 30foot Irce trom j the Now York town bearing the name of the German capital is on its way lo Washington The department has made the tation each year since Mr Roose velt was governor Buy Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy 18 DIES FROM INJURIES Le Mars f Silas D Rilz 22 son of Mr and Mrs John Ritz of Rcmscn died Wednesday night n a hospitalhere of injuries suf in the house was taken for Sinat fercd in a mechanical corn picker ras first show of the day I accident and shot odwn 4 for a loss o 3 Pilots flying over the 5th army battle area reported fierce fight ing and great clouds of dust ris ins over large areas enveloped by battle Calabritto which is 5 miles southwest of Migiumu at the strongest part of the German line defending the main road to Rome uns the scene of the heaviest 5tli army fighting and reports were I extremely reserved on how far Clarks army had progressed The Germans made a particu larly determined effort to halt the 8th army in the Lnnciano area where they held a 900 foot ridge which dominates the surrounding country The Germans were re ported Thursday rushing re serves from northern Italy in an attempt to stem the drive NAZIS USE ttEKUUEES TO HAMPER ALLIED ADVANCE Front line advices said the Ger mans were trying to use crowds of refugees to block and ham per the allied advance They were reported lo be taking the popu lations of small towns and driv ing them out toward the advanc ing 5th and 8th armies then blowing up bridges behind them in an attempt to create conditions similar to those in France during the nazi blitz Front line dispatches said the 5th armys stab was tlic biggest allied offensive since the landing at Salerno but the Gentians were fighting fiercely on every seclioi of the front and numerous mine fields and heavy demolitions were being encountered Gen Clark came under fire fo some time Thursday during a lou of the battlefront half a dozei shells falling near where he standing P40 Warhavvks and A3G dive jombcrs flew some 300 sortie ilong a 20mile section ol tin Yont and dropped more than 101 ons of high explosives as well a hundreds of fragmentation bomb on the German positions bcfor ihc lurch forward of the 5th army The results were so dcvastatin that the last of the returning P4 pilots said they encountered al most no antiaircraft fire appar ently because the wcr deserting their guns MANY NAZI FIGHTERS TRY TO DEFEND MARSEILLE American and British air at lacks Thursday stretched fron Marseille where Uboat pen were bombed by flying lorlresse for the 1st time lo the Jugosla coast where a Sicbcl ferry and tug were set afire and several smaller vessels damaged German fighters cimc uj in their greatest strength to attack the fortresses at Marseille Eleven German planes were shot down out of the 20 to 25 which engaged the fortresses and heir P38 fishier escort The fortresses themselves shot down 9 A railway bridge at Chicti was attacked by medium bombers and the railway center of Arezzo 90 miles north of Rome on the line to Florence was bombed at nighl Your newspaper boy pays his bill every week Do vou do your part by pay him every week FURIOUS AERIAL BATTLE STAGED ABOVE CAPITAL Great Geysers of Flame Seen Shooting Up From Stricken City By GLADAVIN HILL London if Britains block lusting armadas flew against Ber in Thursday night for the 5tli imeih 2 weeks and fought their greatest battle yet in the relent ess campaign to erase the nazi apital Shooting toward a city already i 3rd demolished where fires still lared from the previous attacks he squadrons of 4engined bomb ers drove through flare paths ighting the approaches lo the city rom as far away as 50 miles pierced exploding walls of heavy antiaircraft fire and slugged it out with scores of night fighters which the Germans had massed over the arena The British announced the loss of 41 aircraft in this and other operations but at the end they eft great geysers of lame shoot up from the stricken city the worlds 4th largest and billows of moke and flame which climbed to heights of 3 miles The fierce attack lasted half an liour and was over by 8 p m During this time at least 30 4ton can obliter ate everything for hundreds of yards around hurtled down among the bewildered defenders The telephone lines to Sweden were knocked out almost at once but they were shortly restored The bombers dropped nearly 2000 long tons of explosives and ncendiarics This brought to about 15000 the total dumped this 3rcar on the worlds mostbombed city The Germans in their broad casts acknowledged that the at tack blanketed the whole Berlin area already in a great state of disruption with only a few trans portation lines restored lo service from previous attacks with the streets still filled with debris and the people living from hand to mouth from temporary stores es tablished in cellars and street stands But the iiiizis who apparently had concentrated every available weapon and fighter hey could muster for the battle of Berlin claimed they had shot down 30 bombers Three newspaper correspond ents Lowell Bennett of the American News Agency Inc Norman Stockton of the Sydney Australia Sun and another journalist whose name was with held temporarily until his family can be informed failed to return from the great raid They luid iiccn allotted places in the raiding formations to re port the assault Simultaneously with the Berlin attack mosquilo raiders hit tar cts in western Germany Indications were that the RAF had achieved a destruction in Ber lin to the extent that it was now spreading ont its attacks to avoid bombing what had been hit be fore This was reflected in the Ger man reports that the raid ex tended over the whole metropoli tan area and corroborated by S w e d i s h correspondents dis patches which said fires were blazing all through the north cen tral and southern sections The wideopen fight to the death nne of the greatest night nir battles of history was fought in relatively weather in which ho capital was only half covered by clouds and lit up by hundreds of searchlight batteries It was the 2nd important al lied heavy bomber raid on nazi facilities in less than 12 hours Thursday American fortresses from the north African command carried out i heavy assault on the submarine pens aiul con struction facilities at Marseille in their 1st blow on tiuit nazi Medi terranean base According lo versions of the Berlin raid large formations of German fishlers met the in coming British nlancs over the Elbe river some 65 miles west of Berlin and engaged them in a running fight The German broadcasts ac knowledged however that de spile this protective screen many of the British planes drove I through to he target and spoke I of heavy fighting over the whole
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