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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - November 16, 1943, Mason City, Iowa KORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY ANO AttCHIVtS DES KOIKES IA THE NEWSPAPER THAT VOL L Associated Press and United Press Pull Leased Wires Five Coins MASOV CITY IOWA TUESDAY NOVEMBER 1C 1943 3 Formations of U S HOTLY DEBATED Planes Attack NorwayFOOD SUBSIDIES FLARE UP AGAIN MAKES ALL NORTH 1OWANS NEIGHBORS Berlin Reports Gunfire Heard in Oslo Little Opposition Is Met London formations of American flying fortresses and a 3rd of liberators smashed Tuesday at vital military targets in Norway and returning crew men reported that the results were First reports of the assault in force on the Norwegian ramparts of nazi Europe did not permit the identification of the objectives The Berlin radio reported that Oslo had an hourlong air alarm around noon and gunfire from far distant w a s heard in the capital Flying the hundreds of miles from British bases the American airmen found conditions good over the target areas and visi bility ideal They met comparatively light antiaircraft and fighter opposi tion The 8th air forces most pow erful blow at Norway sent 1 for mation of Hying fortresses seeking out a target of prime importance Even to locate the target from the air represented a considerable fent of navigation and observers believed it would have been im possible by night or in poor vis ibility The crewmen said they were positive they dumped their ex plosives right on the nose PICKUP EXTENSIVE ATR ACTIVITY REPORTED IN EUROPE London Hitlers iamparts under attick both in the north and the south Ameri can bombers struck targets in Norway Tuesday after another heavy blow at Athens airfields Allied headquarters in Algiers revealed simultaneously that units of the reorganized Jugoslav air force now trained as heavy bomber crews have entered the war in the Mediterranean the ater and Monday flew wilh for mations of the 15th airforce lib erators to bomb the Elevsis air field U S medium bombers from Italy struck Kalamaki air field in Ihe Athensregion The Jugoslavs are flying liber ators given them by the United States government under lease lend They operate ns a Jugoslav ahforce under their own com mand Tuesdays attack was the2nd by American heavy bombers on Norway On July 24 n part of a heavy force hit a Uboat base and cither installations at Trondheim while others wrecked nn impor tant metal plant at Heroya The operations followed upon a renewed German air offensive against Britain with an attack for the 1st time in many months on southwest England and the region where American troops are re hearsing for an invasion of the continent The nazi raiders dropped incendiaries and high ex plosives causing n number of casualties and considerable dam age The strike against Norway fol lowed a foray by KAF mostiuito bombers against western Ger many Monday night after a 1 mjht IxyoSf Two mosquitos were and 1 fighter was missing from a night offensive patrol In their attack on southwest general area re ferred to by Lt Gen Jacob U Devers as the scene of the Ameri can rehearsal for the greatest military undertaking of all time Germans hit a coaxal town sharply with incendaric and high explosives The Berlin radio said Plvmoutli was attacked Heaviest damage was done in the residential section and fires were started in the industrial area by the raiders who were making their 1st incursion over Britain in a week Some persons were re ported killed Between 15 and 20 others believed trapped in the ruins of several homes were be ing sought by rescue squads Tues day An itr ministry communique said the raiders chopped bombs at scattered points over both south ami southwest England ear ly Tuesday morning in addition lo the attack on the coastal own Only Monday Devers had paid tribute to the 3000 farmers wiio with their families will leave their homes in southwest England next month to make room for American troops The evacuation Devers said was necessary for the master plan that will be set in motion Buy War Savings Stamps from your carrier Iwy Bonds and GOOD WEATHER Nazi Counter Drives Push PflNDITIfllK 1RF Back in Italy HELP TO YANKS Allied Headquarters AJffiers nazi counterattacks have driven American troops of the 5th army from high ground north of Venafro allied headquarters announced Tuesday but the 8th rnn lonr N A the eastern won Jiew hilltops sector of Italy The German onslaughts pushed the U S troops out of areas pe viously occupied on Monte Santa Coce above Venafro where a 5th army wedge seriously threatens the enemys powerful winter line In the air war liberators of the U S 15th air by lendlease liberators of the reor ganized Jugoslav air smashed at Elevsis airfield at Athens Monday and American medium bombers hammered Kal amaki airdrome in the Athens area Resistance remained strong along the length of the 5th army front in Italy headquarters said Soldiers of Gen Sir Bernard L Montgomery won n o w high ground north ot miles inland from the 8th army patrols made new sorties across the Sangro river on this east flank feeling out German strength Enemy elements were met near Montazzoli near the middle reaches of the Sangro Land operations generally were held at a near standstill by mud and bad weather as the opposing forces girded for showdown battle The weather also prevented ex tensive air activity in Italy al though some sweeps were made with an assault upon a truck con voy near Ancona on the Adriatic coast Two allied planes were lost in all activities PLANS AVIATION SESSION IN IOWA Hickenlooper Calls Meeting for NoV 26 Ues Moines Gov B B Hickenlooper announced Tuesday he is calling an Iowa aviation con gress for Nov 26 in DCS Moines to coincide with a visit of L Welch Pogue chairman of the civil aero nautics board The governor said the mayors of all county seat towns and cities civil air patrol leaders editors airport managers operators or fly ing services secretaries of Cham ber of Commerce presidents of colleges and superintendents of schools are especially urged to at tend He said the invitation is ex tended and open to officials of all cities and towns and all others who are interested in the problems of aviation in peacetime He added there will be a dis cussion on the future of air traf fic the establishment of air fields feeder lines and main lines as well as the educational phases of aviation Claims Alimony Not Paid for 26 Years Los Angeles Twelve dol lars weekly alimony isnt much says Mrs Margaret Groesbeck but when it goes unpaid for 28 years well She charges in a suit that her former husband Dan Groesbeck since 1917 has become more than S16000 in she wants the money ASK SHOPS IN BEIRUT REOPEN Lebanon Settlement Sought by Catroux London Wi The Frenchin stalled Lebanese government asked storekeepers to reopen their shops Tuesday the Beirut radio said as Gen Georges Catroux emissary the French committee of national liberation sought to settle the dispute over the little republics sovereignly The broadcast said the appeal was made to merchants lo resume business in order to destore nor mal conditions with the least pos sible delay From other countries in Ihe near east meanwhile appeals on behalf of Lebanon continued A Bagdad dispatch said that Wendell L Willkies support for Lebanon the interests of democracy the allies and the aims ot the united nations had been asked in a cable sent by Ihe president of the Iraq senate The French on the other hand claimed Lebaneseand Syrian sup port Radio France in Algiers said that a big delegation ot Leba neshe and Syrians of all political and religious groups expressed to ilie governor general of French West Africa at Dakar Monday Assurance ot their attachment to the motherland and the French committee of national liberation and their wish that the work of collaboration undertaken by France in Lebanon should be con tinued Causes Scene Jacksonville nt a bus appeared in one scene of a motion picture shown at a theater here Mary Ann fames of Dela field Wis suddenly leaped to her feet and shouted Oh I left my baby on the bus Many persons in the audience voiced their sym pathy as the girl rushed out of the theater screaming A MacMurray college junior Miss Barnes later received mem bership in the Players guild a dramatic society Part of her ini tiation required her to demon strate an ability to produce a scene m public Weather Report FORECAST Tuesday night lowest temper ature at Mason City 20 in city and 16 outside Wednesday in creasingly cloudy and warmer Iowa Fair warmer west and north continued cold southeast portion Tuesday night Wednes day partly cloudy and warmer Bill to Go Before House Thursday With 2 Days for Discussion Washington house rules committee Tuesday sup ported congressional opponents of food subsidies by approving a rule on the subsidyban bill which will restrict administration supporters from offering amend ments when the legislation comes up Thursday The action came as the subsidy issue flared m again at a senate agriculture committee hearing with a cooperative association spokesman warning that niiJIt ra tioning will have to be ordered if present restrictive OPA price and subsidypolicies continue The rules committee gave right of way lo the bill extending the commodity credit corporation but banning payment of subsidies after Dec 31 Under the rule the bill will go before the house Thursday with 2 days assigned for debate A vote probably will be reached Monday Subsidy proponents lost out in an effort o secure from he rules committee a guarantee that a separate vote would be granted on the subsidy ban provision Representative Jnmes A Wright D Pa said many mem bers didnt want to votq against extending the commodity credit corporation but were opposed to the provision banning subsidies Wright predicted President Roosevelt would veto the bill to be consistent ivith his veto of a similar measure last summer1 The rules committee also re fused a special rule winch would have permitted a vote on a com promise plan for government al lowances to low income groups Representative Christian Herler R Mass sponsor of the plan told the committee that 14000000 per sons in low income brackets were caught ill the squeeze between fixed incomes and rapidlv rising liying costs Report Greeks Turned Tide on Leios Isle Itoilruni Turkey Greek Andarls storming ashore on Lcros last Friday 10 strike the first major Greek blow of revenge against Ihe nazis reversed the situ ation on the besieged Dodecanese island just as the German assault had about succeeded refugees ar riving here said Tuesdav The Greeks were said to have pined control of the landing beaches attacked the nazis from the rear ami flung back approxi mately 500 German parachutists and liOO regular infantrymen The Andarts struck after succes sive waves of German reinforce ments from both sen and air had pinched the British defenders clown io iiurrow sectors of the is land the refugees said They added that the AiKlarts were pin ashore by a destroyer the dispatch did not have the na tionality of the warship Cairo dispatches said Mondav that the situation on Leros had improved slightly and that the Germans had suffered many dead and wounded Reports reaching Bodrum put the German dead at 2000 but the nazis were believed to be holding 1 of tiicir beachheads This Paper Consists ot Two One SI000000000 a year pnys part ot the grocery bill for the entire population including those with inflated incomes Republicans and conservative democrats at the hearing disputed a statement by Representative Wright Pahnan D Texas who they said had termed the subsidy ban a diabolical republican plot Chairman Henry Steagall D Ala of the banking and currency committee and Representatives Earl Michcncr R Mich Jesse Wolcotf K Mich and Howard Smith D Va all said 1hc sub sidy ban provision was nonpar tisan When Hie lionse enlivened Tucs Mason City Fair and not so cold im LU1 mediately Iirokc out due to Pat mans politics charge maile in a radio speech Monday night Republican Leader Joseph W Martin Jr Mass said he wanted to correct Patman so he can tell the truth hereafter I never had luncheon with the banking and currency committee and I did not ask any member of the committee CLAIMS HE SAW KASTER FLEEING Waverly Teacher Is Firm in Testimony Waverly an hour of sharp crossexamination by the defense A R Kammerer Waverly school teacher remained firm Tuesday noon in his identification of Stanley M Raster tr of Janes vale as the man he saw fleeing from the scone of the Glenn Winchcll shotgun slaying hero last Sept 2n Having pointed out Kaster dur ing direct testimony Monday aft ernoon Kammerer who reported the license numbers on the al leged slayers coupe the night of the killing contended again Tues day he could pick out Kaster even though lie were not in court here ns the defendant Defense Counsel J P Mnvphy Buy War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy Minnesota Cloudy and warmcr Tucsday night cloudy with lit tle change in temperature Wed nesday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistic1 Maximum Monday 27 Minimum Monday night 3 At B a m Tuesday 4 YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 41 lions and qualifications His wire less positive than Kammerer in her identification told thu court she thought there was a resemblance all right be tween the man we saw in the car that night and the defendant Kaster 1000 IOWA MINERS IDLE DCS Moincs An unoffi cial estimated 1000 Iowa coal miners a 3rd of the total in the state were not working Tuesday presumably because of confusion over the wage hour and retail price situation A representative of the Ccntcr ville Daily lowcgian who at tended a meeting uf operators in Centcrvillc estimated between 800 and 800 out of 1SOO miners in the AppiinooseWnync area did not report for work or cpiit afleireporting The DCS Moines coal operators it least 173 min io change his opinion on the sub sidy bill At the senate agriculture com association said mitlce hearing Charles llolmun f crs were out ii secretary of the National Co The Ccnlervillc Operative Milk Producers associa j lion said OPA regulations threat icn lo force cooperatives oul or business NO 33 Reds Drive Ahead in Battle to Smash Nazi Central Line SOVIEHROOPS ISOLATE GOMEL IN FAST THRUST Portliest Ai Arfvonce Territory Regained I ILRCL NUI drive toward the old Polish border continues with Berlin admittingthai nearly 500 000 Kussians htive broken through German Dnieper bend Congress Will Hear Hulls Report on Moscow Parley Wasliiiiston WjSccroiary Coidell Mull broke precedent by travelling miles for theMoscow conference and hell break it again Thursday with a 2mile trip from the state department to CaPltOl lUll Hull will be the 1st cabinet member ever to speak before a joint session of congress which wants to hear a Isthand account of the historic Moscow pact from Ihe secretarys remarks to a news conference Monday his 1st since he returned from the AngloAmericanRus siantalks hewill emphasize to house and senate these call for a unified Ameri ran policy of interest in foreign affairs backed by all political parties proposed allied commis sion to maintain order in liber Jay War Savings Bonds iiid Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy estimate was based on an informal survey of mines m talks v Hit miners and j opcrsitors No accurate figures i were available on the number uf miners mil because of the mpidlv changing situation There were no official state ments from cither the miners or the operators ated nations until these countries can hold plebiscites to choose their own rulers Hull bore down on these points Monday He said all nations would be allowed lo choose their own governments at free elec tions including the Baltic and Balkan states This reference to the future of the tiny Baltic stales of Estonia Latvia and Lithuania collided sharply with the oftpublished Russian views that for other countries to discuss their status would be similar to an interna tional conference on the future of California The stales wereincorporated into Hie soviet union before Ger many attacked Russia in 19J1 A reporter raised the question of the Polish frontier and Hull repeated that the doctrine of ple biscites and the principles of the Atlantic charier were adopted by 3 powers at Moscow The European advisory council which the governments decided io set tip in London will examine the application of the doctrine to each country as it is liberated the secretary added Hull indicated that the London council is not expected to ex pand into such broad proportions as n world peace group now However he said the London commission backed up with fnr Will Not Settle Territory Disputes Until End of War Washington W The United States and Great Britain ire agreed Secretary of Stale Hull saidTuesday that settlement ot European erriforial disputes should be put off until the wars end He explained x n news confer ence that the formula reached at Moscow for giving Italy political selfdetermination would serve as an example in dealing wilh other liberated areas but that settle ment of some 0odd territorial controversies must await the end of the war The secretary of state men tioned no areas specifically but his remarks seemed to indicate that the political status of Poland and Hie Baltic states would lie deferred until final determination of their boundaries All territorial disputes arc set off liy themselves he said until the end of the fixhtins No other policy cun be allowed to interfere unless someone wants to stop the whnlc war and settle the many territorial iiucslions 1st Hull em phasized He said it was natural that no liberated area could be dealt with finally until territorial questions had been disposed of leaders can settle many disagree ments which pop up as peace ap proaches He look a sharp jab al iaola lionistic Unless UK American public pushes forward the program of I intcrnaliunal coopcraliun uul I lined at Moscow Hull said there will be no program and each country will have lo go back lo fending for ilsclf I thcr conferences among allied Kny War Savings Umuls and Stamps from your carrier boy BETTERTHAN pictures Seek to Open Avenue to Eventual Invasion of Germany Itself By KICUAUU McMUKRAY Associated Press War Editor Russian forces drove west of isolated Gomel and Zhitomir Tuesday in a great battle to col lapse the nazi center and open an avenue for the eventual inva sion of Germany itself Gomel was virtually sur rounded Only 1 escape railway remained open after the Russians captured Demekhi 34 miles west on the railway lo Warsaw At Demekhi the Russians were with in 320 miles of East Prussia and in the Novel area farther north the German border was only i75 miles from Russian field guns The whole pattern of the Rus sian campaign appeared o be one of isolating and annihilating Ger man forces which have been ousted from all but about 150000 square miles of orewar Russia The drive toward old Poland from Kiev and Zhitomir had ef fectually severed the German armies of the south from those oC the center and north Advanced Russian forces were miles west of the Germans still fighting in Hie lower Dnieper marshland and Berlin said a violent battle was in progress in this area with i vastly superior force of a half million Russians The campaign which isolated Gomel and brought the rail junc tion of RcLhilsa within artillery range appeared aimed at culling the German central armies adrift from those ot the north beseiging Leningrad The Russians were swinging north of the 30000 square miles of Pripel marshes which will be frozen hard in an other month Admit 8 dead Nazis Sectors Dented London Russian attacks denied German lines in 8 sectors of the long soviet front tlic Berlin radio asserted Tuesday in reports attempting to minimize red army successes Russian cains were auknoivl jrcil by Transocean ascticy in Hie great Dnieper lieiul southwest of Dnepropetrovsk north of Kri voi Hoand mirth of Chcrkassy Other Russian successes were rc Iiorleil in the Zhitomir area and southwest tif Kiev near Kechitsn llic Gomel area tiutl in the Smolensk and Orsha areas of the mirth The C c r in a n communique broadcast immediately after the reading of a Transticcun dispatch recording the Russian successes curiously depreciated nil the Rus sian gains heralded by the propa anda agency and pictured the battles of vast defensive successes Both accounts however agreed that some of the most violent bat tles cif history were in progress from tile vcgioit west of Smolensk 10 the Dnieper benc Nearly KjpUOO Russian troops at a few points succeeded in gel ling devastating German artillery barrages and enforcing local pcnlralions southwest ci Dniepropetrovsk Traiisoeean said Strong forces north of Krivoi Hop scored some initial success and made a few dents hi German lines1 the agency added In the Cherkassy area 150000 Russian or 10 divisions pressed back Ger man lines at some points The German communique ad mitted strong attacks in all S sec tors but insisted that counterat tacks hail failed the drives am wiped out enemy eroups which achieved temporary breaks Transoccan said the situation is still fluctuating in the Zhito mir area 85 miles or more west of Kiev ami the communique said nazi counterattacks succeeded in breaking through several soviet field positions in seizing numer ous heavy arms and in destroying encircled enemy fighting groups Southwest of Kiev Traiisoeean said Russian striking forces had broken t h r l u g h but were smashed Renewed attacks in thr area of Gomel which Moscow was virtually isolated were de clared in the communique to have been cither repelled ur checked Traiisoeean saiil the Russians in that sector had been trying fov days to capture the rail hub ot ficchitsa and they succeeded in making dents in the German lines whence they made a direct attack 011 Rcchistu which frus trated The propaganda agency said the Smolctisk and Orsliy offensives were made by lf Russian divis ions ot nearly a quarter million
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