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Mason City Globe Gazette: Saturday, November 6, 1943 - Page 1

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   Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - November 6, 1943, Mason City, Iowa                                NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DtPAHTM HISTOft ots COUP THE MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NIJGHBORS VOL L Associated Prtss and United Press Iull Leased Wires Huge Jap Naval Force Heading for Rabaul Heavy Battle Looms Southwest Pacific Allied Headquarters 53 Japanese heavy and light cruisers destroyers transports and stakes in the deadly game raging to a decision in the Solomons arc moving on Rabaul from Truk range of massed hundreds of American bombers Already the first bombs have hit 1 of the 5 southbound con voys in what shapes up as likely to be the most violent action since a 22 ship enemy convoy was de stroyed by allied planes last March in the Bismarck sea off New Guinea Headquarters reported Saturday the spotting of the enemy fleet units by sky patrols and a spokes man made clear their every move is being watched by this careful listing Nineteen cruisers 3 Ships Five heavy light cruisers 5 de stroyers 2 corvettes a whaling ship and 3 large freighters or Thursday north west of New Ireland A liberator shadowed and photogiaphed this force for 2 hours Nine Ships Destroyers and possibly some Friday 60 miles from Kavicng Ten heavy cruiser 5 destroyers 3 cargo ships and a moving in 2 sec tions Friday north ot Mussau Is land and 1 of the destroyers was bombed Nine heavy cruis ers 4 light cruisers and 3 de stroyers seen Friday 200 miles northeast of Mussau Six Ships Three destroyers and 3 cargo by liberators Wednesday while 135 miles northeast of Kavieng One Naval Victories Are Claimed by Nipponese Radio By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The Tokyo radio broadcast claims Saturday of sweeping naval in the 6 day period from Oct 31 to Nov 5 during ivhich the Japanese said combined sea and air operations sank a large and a medium aircraft car rier and approximately 5ft other allied vessels in the South Pacific None of the claims had been confirmed from allied sources The Japanese radio report as recorded by the Associated Press claimed the sinking of 2 aircraft carriers 5 heavy cruisers 1 med ium cruiser 3 light cruisers 3 de stroyers Z large transports and more than 40 landing barges cargo ship was left listing heavily and another afire by bombs dropped as the destroyers filled the sky with ack ack and 20 es corting enemy fighters tore into the liberators Four and possibly 7 interceptors and 1 of the liberators were shot down into the sea There was some likelihood of duplication in the reports of aerial spotters but it remained evident Japan is preparing to risk much in trying to hole on to Bougain ville her last big base in the Sol omons and to menaced New Brit ain which bars the open sea lanes to the Philippines Already Japan has lost a cruiser and 4 destroyers as well as sus taining damage to 2 heavy cruis ers and 2 destroyers in a naval battle fought early Tuesday near the beachhead now rapidly being consolidated by U S marines at Empress Augusta bay on Bougain villes westcentral coast Later that same day 3 more de stroyers were sunk and 2 heavy cruisers damaged by allied bom bers at Rabaul Japs Reinforce Northern Burma By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Japanese reinforcements poured into northern Burma Saturday Elephants rafts and motor boats carried reinforcements against Americantrained Chinese troops described as the best equipped in Chinas history who were clearing Japanese out of the path of the prospective Ledo road The new route will join the Burma road o reestablish a land supply line to China The Chinese have advanced about 100 miles from India since their campaign started 2 weeks ago Only Japanese success reported was in central eastern China where radio Tokyo said the in vaders were advancing vigor ously west of Tungting lake The Chinese Friday announced 30000 Japanese made a general advance in this rca up the Yangtze river valley Southeast of the lake the Chi neseAmerican composite air force made its debut hitting a freighter and damaging 4 grounded planes at the port city of Swatow Bur War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy SATURDAY NOVEMBER 6 1943 Big Battle Is Believed in Progress Washington airsea battle which may bo the biggest since the Jlidway engagement was believed in progress Saturday between American and Japanese forces in the southwest Pacific Military and naval experts who believe that the opposing forces already have joined battle said there appeared no doubt that the Japanese were making an allout effort to halt the allied drive aimed at Rabaul key enemy stronghold on New Britain island They said it was possible that the various Japanese naval ele ments spoiled enroute from the enemy naval base at Tiuk may be the forward battle or screening forces for a bigger force Meanwhile there was no com ment in the navy department on Japanese claims that their naval torpedo planes sank 2 American carriers and 4 other war ships Fri day night in the vicinity of Bou gainville island in the northwest ern Solomons The Japanese fre quently put out such reports in order to fish for information It was believed here that Amer ican naval forces in the general area are in sufficient strength to cope with almost anything the enemy can throw into the fight Both sides hare land bases from which aircraft can be oper ated although the enemys bases are closer to the scene of action Nazis Claim Bombs Hit Vatican City London The iiazi con trolled Rome radio said Satur day that unidentified planes dropped heavy bombs Friday night on Vatican City causing considerable damage There was no immediate con firmation any allied raid on Rome and allied sources inclined to the belief Uiat if bombs ac tually fell on Vatican City they were dropped by German planes in a carefullylaid plot to dis credit the United States and Britain in the Catholic countries particularly Spain Portugal and Latin AmericLi As if bearing out this theory the nazi propaganda broadcast without specifically mentioning the allies said NO 25 ALLIES PROBING NEW NAZI LINE SET UP IN ITALY Yank Airmen Knock Out Many Planes Operating From Bases in Albania Allied Headquarters Algiers forces in Italy smashed away he last remnants of the Germans powerful JYlassico ridge Trigno line in taking the key points of Vasto on the Adriatic and Venafro in the xipper Vol turno valley it was announced Saturday Forging ahead in the western sector British patrols ot the 5th A thoimign and conscientious army crossed the Garigliano river Nazi Admiral Predicts Allies Will Launch Attack on Sumatra Stockholm fP A German prediction that the allies would undertake important amphibious operations rma and Su matra in the Netherlands East Indies within the next few weeks came Saturday in dispatches from Berlin Admiral Alfred Saahvaehter writing in a German naval pub lication saidthis was the logical assumption from the transfer of major British and American Mediterranean fleet units to the Indian There are indications that the allies plan to attack Sumatra be fore the big blow against Burma he wrote Conditions in starving Bengal are retarding the planned Burma war and the English want the Andaman and Nicobar islands be fore making an invasion from the sea on the Burma coast Fire Destroys 3 Farm Buildings at Harmony Harmony Minn was estimated at several thousand dol lars Saturday in a fire at the Ker mit Somay farm near here which destroyed a barn silo and chicken house and killed 300 chickens inquiry will not fail to denounce to the whole world the authors of the criminal attack t will show in whose interest it was to create consternation in Rome where life has been normal lor several days The Rome radio said the 4 bombs landed about 9 p rn Rome time within 300 leet of St Peters basilica One was said to have struck the Laboralion Dei Jlosaici collapsing the 3foot thick roof and causing some damage Another bomb landed near the governors palace and blew out the glass window panes and dam aged the names the broadcast said The other 2 fell in ground near St open Peters basilica and the other probably damaging the Vatican aqueduct it said A group of German officers immediately went to the Vatican after the attack and got in touch with a high ecclesiastical person age who pointed to the provoca tive nature of the attack upon the heart of the Catholic world the broadcast said Think Nazis Cant Replace Loss in Men By WILLIAM FRTfE Washington if Germanys manpower is so exhausted that she find it Impossibly to replace the armys staggering losses of the Russian campaign U S army men now believe Even if the Russian announce ment that nazi casualties in the last 4 months amounted to 2 700000 is taken at considerably less than face value informed persons here saitl Saturday the German losses have been enor mous and to all practical pur poses irreplaceable A month military circles figured that Germany had 300 to 310 divisions However manv of these divisions were assumed to be below strength and made up of inferior personnel The nazis put on an intensive manpower drive last winter and spring when the 17 year olds were drafted and men up to 50 were assigned to combat units The objective was 2000000 men the result probably about 1500000 To get them the reich relaxed physical standards virtually ended all employment in service trades closed down thousands of retail shops and even took men out of essential industry replac ing the latter with forced labor from occupied countries to probe the new line which the enemy has formed north of there Americans of the 5th army drove ahead into the mountains after occupying Venafro in a fierce fight in the tortuous upper beaches of the Volturno The Germans attached such im portance to this mountain fast ness that they threw a new divi 305th the fight in a last minute effort to save it but even these fresh rtazi fight ers from the north were routed by the Americans In the air war American me dium bombers knocked out a large portion of the German air forces operating from Albania with a heavy raid Friday on Beral Kucov airfield in the cen ter of the tiny country The field was one of the bases from which the Germans were operating against patriot forces in the Bal kans There are now 5 German divi sions in battle on the ath army front it was disclosed and 3 op posing the 8lh army In addition to a 5mile surge up Uie Adriatic coast to take Vas to 8th army troops also made gains of a mile and in the re gion some 25 miles inland cap turing Pietracupa Sessano and Duronia The Germans who in recent days have been using tanks in the Adriatic coastal sector resisted fiercely at Vasto where their pro tective mountains run down ot a shelf beside the sea Along this shelf ruii5 the coastal roadto back door to Rome In striking to Vasto the 8th swept through San Salvo where the Germans had held out more than a week and on the basis of re ports from the front Saturday morning the British arc within 15 miles of the Sangro river where ihc Germans undoubtedly will at tempt another stand The nazis still are resisting at some places along the north bank of the Trigno river bul their forces are threatened on both sides by Gen Sir Bernard L Montgomerys troops and they arc not likely to stay much long er The crossing ot the Garigliana by British patrols was made near the Tyrhenian const where the enemy flooded fields near the river These patrols went into the hills north of the river to feel out German strength No crossing of the Garigliano in mass has yet been achieved an allied officer said Buy War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier hoy RAID ON Three Jap ships blaze above after being struck by bombs during s the loOplane allied raid on Rabaul New Britain One of the greatest victories for allied air power n the south Pacific 3 destroyers and 8 large merchant ships were sunk 44 000 tons ot ships were badly damaged 67 enemy planes were downed and 23 more probably de stroyed by allied bombers and fighters This photo was transmitted bv U S army signal corps radio from New Guinea REDS SEIZE KIEV KIEV CAPITAL OF THE UKRAINE CLEARISG OF CHARGES Spirited Exchanges Are Heard at Board Meeting Iowa City IP Spirited ex changes with the Iowa Farmers Union officials marked the meet ing of the Iowa state board of edu cation here Friday at which the board unanimously cleared Iowa State college at Ames of charges that academic freedom was being violated at the institution After an hourlone hearing at which OoiKild IV Van Vlect presi dent of the union demanded ap pointment of an impartial com mittee to hear further evidence in the matter the board made public a letter clearing the college Collaboration of Allies Has Become Stronger Better Stalin Says at Celebration London Josef Stalin speaking at a Moscow celebra tion of the 2fith anniversary of the soviet revolution Saturday night indicated Russian satisfaction with he military program of the United States and Britain and clarcd the Moscow conference had laid down plans that must lend to victory Collaboration of the allies has become stronger and better the soviet marshal told party leaders and while renewing his call for a 2nd front he did so in much less insistent terms than in the past lie told them thai past allied activities had helped Russia con siderably and that while this help could not he considered as a 2nd front it was something like it The letter to Gov B B Hicken1 A real 2nd front will strength en the military friendship ot our countries he declared in the 45 miriuie speech vecorded here by the soviet rmonitor Reviewing Russian victories during the summer he declared Finland atPoint of Quirtinq Nazis BULLETIN London Josef Stalin said Saturday niRht that Finland is on the point of abandoning Hitler looper Who had asked the board to inajie a study ot the contro Alter a thorough and intensive consideration of the whole situa tion it is our mature judgment that the charge of violation of the fundamentals of academic free dom in all particulars is without foundation infact During the hearing Van Vlect and Edward E Roclofs secretary of Che union charged that out side pressure groups1 had influ enced Iowa state policy and said they had particular reference to the Iowa Farm Bureau federation When the Iwo Farmers union officials asserted they had knowl edge that members of the board of education are predisposed to smooth over this case to rub the fur the right way Board Member John C Reid of Cedar llupids asked why the union didnt submit its case lo the American Associa tion of University Professors We will promised Roelofs At another point Board Mem ber William S Rupc of Ames de manded that a specific case be cited in support of the allegation that academic freedom had been violated at the college because of the influence ot outside pressure groups When we talk of the Farm Bu reau it is only as a pressure group Roelofs said do have evidence of where the Farm Bu reau has influenced the college that soviet arms in the past 4 months had liberated of the territory captured by the enemy during the previous 2 years1 He said that this year had brought the turning point in the history of the war Germany he said lias lost more than 4000000 men on the eastern with 149200 buried at Stalingrad alone As a result of this severe msul ing Premier Stalin said un trained young troops have been thrown in the struggle by the nazis while red army cadres will grow still more strong Germany stands at the edge of catastrophe1 the marshal went on after telling cheering parly memberflint no army can sur pass Kirs in equipment and in tiie quality jf its material CONTINUE TO BLAST GERMANS Night Assaults Follow Big Daylight Attack London mosquito bombers n a quick follow up to a record American daylight at tack Friday on 2 Ruhr cities at tacked targets in western Ger many Friday night the air min istry announcedSaturday The objectives attacked in the night assault were not immedi ately named nor was there any hinl of the size of the raiding force Friday a IIURC fleet of Ameri can heavy bombers estimated at 700 loosing one of the heaviest air blows ever dealt to western Germany blasted industrial and rail targets at Gelsenkirchcn and Muenster in the wake of a similar assault of Wilhelms PATH FOR DASH INTO POLAND IS OPEN TO REDS Russian Victory Splits Nazis Into 2 Sections Separated by Marshes London assault orces stormed into Kiev at dawn Saturday and captured the ancient city Russias 3rd in size and the capital of the Ukraine scoring one of their greatest victories ot the war to collapse Germanys middle Dnieper defense line 1remierMarshal Josef Stalin announced tlic capture in a spe cial order of the day a few hours after Berlin had acknowledged the loss of the city in otic of Adolf Hitlers gravest reverses of his war in the cast The resounding soviet iruimph came on the eve ot the 26th an niversary of the red revolution It laid open the German defenses for a red army spurt to Poland and in effect split the nazis into 2 parts separated by the Pripet marshes Soon after the Aloscow radio announced that Stalin had been awarded the order of Suvorov for liis successful military leadership lie announced that Gen Nikolai F Valutins army as a result of a bold outflanking maneuver at tlawn took by storm the capital of the soviet Ukraine the town of Kiev Stalins order contradicted the nazl claim thai the German gar rison estimated at 14 divisions ot perhaps 200000 men had with drawn from the city Friday to es cape the threatened encirclement In the fighting for Kiev Stalin said the 1st CzcchoSlovak bri gade H infantry divisions and 3 tank corps as well as many other units particularly distinguished themselves Alt of them were awarded the name of Kiev to be uddcd to their units Stnlin describee Kiev as the largest industrial center and most important German strategic cen ter on the right bunk of the Dnie per By the victory he said The most important and most favor able zone of operations on the right bank of the Dnieper has been This zone has the greatest im portance in tho expulsion of the Buy War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy Weather Report FORECAST and colder and windy Saturday night with lowest temperature about 28 Sunday snow con tinued cold Sunday and Sunday night Iowa Snow north and west rain southeast colder S a t u r d a y night Sunday cloudy with snow northeast and extreme east colder rather windy Sat urday night freezing tempera ture Sunday night continued cold Monday Minnesota Light to moderate snow Saturday night by snow flurries Sunday Con tinued cold IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Friday 43 Minimum Friday night 15 At 8 a m Saturday 37 Rain snow 22 inches YEAR AGO ftfaximum 42 iMinimum 16 6 Buildings Burned in Plainfield which was discovered in a cafe about 4 oclock Saturday morning swept through a portion of the Plain field business district destroying 4 building and 2 residences and causing damage estimated by Fire Chief W L Kemp at 525000 A 3story hotel the cafe a combination barber shop and bil liard parlor and the postoffice were levelled by the flames a well as the 2 homes All were I IUlll ItllU hlJI llT lln t followed I frame building Fire departments from Shell Rock Clarksville Nashua and Wavcrly assisted in fighting the blaze Army Notre Dome FINAL BOETTIGEK IS MAJOR Naples Boettiger soninlaw of President Roose velt and publisher of the Seattle PostIntelligencer serving as an allied military government official in Italy has been promoted from captain to major it was an nounced Friday night haven The sky armada totaling up wards of 7000 planes with fitrhtcr escort bored through a of antiaircraft fire which I pilot saitl vas as intense as hell and as thick as raindrops to reach its objectives In the clays opera tions which included attacks on northern France and Belgium losses were 10 heavy bombers 2 medium ones and 5 fighters as against 33 enemy fighters Five heavy bombers were lost in the Wilhelmshaven raid The asasult on Gelscnkirchen where great synthetic oil works make that city a target almost as important as the Ploesti oil fields in Rumania evidently was aimed at wiping out the nazis fuel sources lack of which already has oil the ground in hc Italian the ater Gelscnkirchcn situated on Germans from the Ukraine supreme commander of the the red army said indicating that his forces had no thought of resting on their laurels but would plunge on westward to luirl the naiis from their native soil Stalin named 3 ciivisinus which distinguished themselves for the 2nd time and were awarded the Order of Uie Red Banner The Czechoslovak brigade was award ed the Order ot Survorov 2nd class Moscows cannon thundered a salute of 24 salvos to the victors of Kiev at 5 p in Moscow time A United Press dispatch from Moscow said the capital had taken on n festive appearance in prepa ration for the new year of the so viet regime which the Russians confidently hope will bring peace Moscow was bedecked with ban forced them to abandon aircraft s posters placards and red iy hailing the old victories predicting new Enormous the DortnumdHainm railway 1 Placards stretched across Red about 20 miles west of Dorlnumd proclaimed the esiablish has been bombed 45 times since I meat of a new allied fighting un the start of the war ion and hailed the angloAmeri Territory Rtgainerf by Red Armies in 194142 Campaign Navy Penn FINAL Iowa Illinois FINAL Purdue Minnesota FINAL Ohio State Pittsburgh FINAL   

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