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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - October 29, 1943, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME VOL L THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS Associated Pica and United Press Full LwsMi Wires Ctnts a Copy Reds Swarm Through Southern Ukraine Gap MASOV CITY IOWA FRIDAY OCTOBER 29 1943 TANKSENGAGED IN KRIVOI ROG BAM SECTOR Retreat Degenerates Into Rout at Points Below Lower Dnieper Moscow UR Russian forces are pouring like a spring flood across Nogaisk steppeland carpet ed with German dead in the wake of a nazi retreat which degen erated into a rout stseveral points below the lower Dnieper the government organ Izvestia re ported Friday Gen Fedor I Tolbukhius siiift mobile units were report ed slamming the door on the Crimea and tightening the drawstring on the neck of a Dnieper valley sack containing hundreds of thousands of battle grogey German troops Swarming through the great gap knocked in the German barri cade across the mouth of the Nogaisk corridor between the Dnieper and the Azov sea the Russians chopped down thou sands of fleeing troops and seized vast stores of abandoned arms and supplies The German high command reported that the red army was attacking incessantly west of Melitopol and its spearheads had penetrated 10 defended locali ties It said a great armored battle was raging in the Krivoi Hog sector and 115 Russian tanks were destroyed Thursday The British radio reported from Moscow that on the south Ukrainian front the Germans are no longer fighting as a unified army but as harassed and dis membered Paced by hard riding Cos sack cavalry ihe Russians had narrowed the corridor between UK v Jaws the Dnieper pincers to less than 10 miles Swift mobile units ranging on ahead of the main soviet forces repeatedly outpaced lagging Ger man formations seizing them in a bearhug grip of destruction field dispatches reported Izvestia said fighting was rag ing along the whole breadth of the steppes along the German line of retreat with Russian spearheads constantly probing the hindermost enemy positions and coming to grips with nazis who failed o shake off the pur suit Tolbukhin was developing the Melitopol breakthrough with such rapidity that he appeared to be making a bid to destroy the German remnants He was trying to smash clear through split the Germans then turn and destroy each wing front reports indi cated A ghost voice broke into a broadcast from Breslau Thursday night and told the German peo tnat 40 nazi 000 trapped in south ern Russia and that none would return alive if we do not at once disappear from Russia The broadcast was reported by the federal communications commis sion RUSSIANS of Kri voi Hor A to the Russians was reported imminent Red spearheads are at Krinichki B and AovoAlexandrovka C while other Rnisian forces took Goreloe Shaded area is German held When buyinr a pack of cirareti contribute 5c to Ciirarets for Servicemen to bay pack for a in service overseas ITALIAN KING DECORATES of the first appearances of King Victor Emanuele of Italysince the signingof the armistice is pictured above The king indi cated by arrow and members of his staff are reviewing an honor guard in Trani where he decorated civilian and church officials for bravery shown during the German occupation Claim Paid Comfort for Aid act dwtgned lo ease their tax burden were disclosed Friday by Zeus Soucek one time navy flyer now n Brewster aeronautical corporation vice president He a house naval sub committee that Brewster and 3 other companies agreed to pay their pro rata share ot a SGaOOO fund and that the money was turned over to William D Jamie son former representative from Iowa and then the Washington representative of a New York law firm Previously r e p r e s cntative Grant R Ind quoted an of ficial Jtovernment report say ing that of the money col lected S10000 had Rone o Frank J Comfort democratic national committee member from Iowa to Jamie son and 58750 to the New York law firm of Olvanev Eisner and Donnelly Soucek told of hurrying to Washington by plane while the revenue act was pending before the senate to confer with Ferdi nand Tannenbaum a member of the New York law firm and then a member Brewsters board of directors He said that he then was in formed that 360000 would be necessary for attorneys in order to obtain Ihe desired change in the revenue involv ing n definition of advance pay ments on government contracts as working capital which would lower a firms excess profits tax obligations Soucek in response to questions From Grant said that he had no knowledge of where the money had gone after he had paid it to Jamieson Grant drew from the Brewster official an acknowledge ment that the New York firm members were regarded as tax experts and then inquired why it was necessary to raise the money for other attorneys Soucek responded that he had been informed that the law yers to whom they were urn ins it over to were familiar with the work and speed conld be attained Earlier he re ported that speedy action was essential because the revenue bill already had been passed by the house A naval committee investiga tor told newsmen later that the amendment sought by the 4 air craft firms was written into the revenue act It required speedy action and you got it observed Grant Yes sir replied Soucek He identified the other 3 aircraft companies as Consolidated Vultee and Curtis Wright As the committee dug deeper into the affairs of Brewster un der investigation for plane pro duction failures it turned its at tention again to financial transac tions of F William Zelcer and A J and I f Miranda The 3 three operated the Brewsler Export corporation Which handled foreign plane sales for the Brewster Aeronau tical corporation In response to questions from rant Soucek said that Zelcer and the Miranda brothers also had set up the Hayes Aircraft Ac cessories companv to serve as the selling agent for the Hayes Man ufacturing company As a result Grant said Zetl and the Miranda brothers ob tained commissionson approxi mately worth ot plane wing parts sold by Hayes lo Brewster and then received a 2nd commission on planes sold by Brewster to foreign governments COMFORT HAS STATEMENT TO MAKE Sioux City Frank Com fort of Des Moines alleged to have received from a pool of money collected in an effort to write a special clause into the 1942 revenue act Friday said he had no statement to make on the charge Mr Comfort clcm o c r a t i c national committeeman from Iowa is here on legal busi ness in connection rnptcy case Asked if he might have a state ment on the charge later in the day Comfort said I doubt it Sign on Garbage Truck No Riders Leavemvorth K x n s destrians in Leavenworth looked a second time when they noticed a sign on a cily garbage truck which read No Riders Buy War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy Weather Report FORECAST Iowa Continued cold Friday night and Saturday forenoon Mason CJitv Not much change ir temperature Friday night and Saturday forenoon all tempera tures abcHe freezing Minnesota Continued cold with slightly below freezing temper atures Friday night Little change in temperature Satur day forenoon IN MASON CJTY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Thursday 60 Minimum Thursday night 34 At 8 a m Friday 34 YEAR AGO Maximum 52 Minimum 42 NEARLY 77000 COAL MINERS IN 11 STATES IDLE F R Withholds Hints of Plans to Meet New Crisis in Nations Pits Washington W The number of idle mine workers neared 77000 in II states Friday while President Roosevelt withheld any hint of his plans to meet the new coal crisis 4th in 6 months Replying lo news conference questions Mr Roosevelt said the war labor boards report on coal was in the lop of his basket of papers but nothing had been done with it ye I The CIO members of the ULB issued a brief statement register ing their dissent from the ma jority decision in the Illinois bi tuminous coal case saying We dissent on the majority de cision of the board due to ihe fact that we deeply feel that the joint wage contract should have been approved II was signed by Van A Bitlner and John Brophy both former officials of the United Mine Workers The critical labor situation was highlighted by these develop ments 1 The number of idle mine workers exceeded 70000 early Friday and the figure wns ex pected to grow hourly 2 The war labor board referred the strikes to the president mak ing government seizure of the idle mines virtually imperative under the war labor disputes act Such seizure would immediately make any person who encouraged inter ruption of production subject to criminal prosecution H the presi dent orders the seizure before Monday it will give tremendous import to the meeting or united mine workers policy committee on that day 3 The WLB announced its deci sion in the Pennsylvania anUirn cite miners wage disputeaward ing an increase of 322 cents a day under the Little Steel formula free tools and equipment estimat ed to be worth 20 to 25 cents a day and an increase in the annual vacation payment from S20 to S50 The anthracite miners had asked anjncrease of aday antLporlaJ aiicT an Unfavorable reaction o the decision was seen immediately The most serious impact the strike was reported from Alabama where the Tennessee Coal Iron Railroad company said a shutdown of its vast Ensley Steel works was imminent because of a fuel short age The anthracite industry was feeling the effects of the miners dissatisfaction even before the WLBs decision was announced Some local unions voted not to work Friday regarding Oct 29 as a traditional holiday in honor of John Mitchell a predecessor of John L Lewis and the lead er of historic strikes in the hard coal region in inOO and 1902 The lure of time and a half on Saturday may keep some mines fioing this week but Sunday night is the terminal period for the working instructions issued by the UMW leadership last June A telegram from Lewis to UMW district presidents gave the cue to the unions official inter pretation of the WLBs prpposal for settling the underground travel pay issue Lewis said the proposal issued Tuesday in the Illinois case amounted to a re duction in the miners basic hourly rate Tiie WLB promptly challenged Lewis arithmetic An other development was a dissent ing opinion by AFL members of the board sharply criticising the majority Presidential action in ihe crisis was loaded with possibilities Mr Roosevelt might give the coal pro duction job to the army instead of to Interior Secretary Ickes who is reported unwilling o tackle the job again without thority than he was allowed as custodian last spring Whoever becomes custodian is required under the compli ance program to ask the WLB to determine the sanctions to be applied against the union perhaps the withholding of checkedoff dues The compli ance program provides that where the employes are the of fenders government operation will be condncted with he least possible interference with existing management The criminal provisions of he war labor disputes act contained the most portentous possibilities An individual may remain away from work without violating the law but it is unlawful after seiz ure of a plant by the government to coerce instigate induce con spire with or encourage any per son to interfere by lockout strike slowdown or other inter ruption with the operation of such plant mint or facility Penalties range up to a years im prisonment and fine NO 18 DOWN IN Donno C Bellows son of Don C Bel lows formerly of Mason City now of California was shut down in flames in enemy terri tory according to word received here by J Van Ness but he escaped and returned to his base without a scratch For this he received a leave Lieutenant Bellows is the southwest Pa cific and had been lying a P3K F R Declares Conference in Moscow Great Success Yanks Push North Again in Solomons Allied Headquarters in the Southwest Pacific planes and troops of Adm William F Halsey have stormed the Treas ury Islands iO miles south of Bougainville as the entering wedge lo pry the Japanese loose from their last Solomons bases and fling open the door to Rabaul The operation disclosed Fri day in war reports was exe cuted brilliantly Beginning last Friday American bombers com pletely knocked out nearby ene my airfields with 500 torn of explosives In the darkness before dawn Wednesday naval guns of a tusk force commanded ijy Rear Adm Theodore S Wilkinson poured shells on Mono and Stirling tiny coral reefs comprising the Treas ury group Just as dajljght appeared American and New Zealand troops moved off big ships to landing barges and headed for the beach es Overhead swarms of planes rapmcdi unchallenged Warships laid down a smoke screen Rain squalls added a natural curtain Mortar firc erected first ar rivals These weapons were si lenced quickly Then the Japa nese broke and fled info the hills It was a splendid Navy day show Admiral Wilkinson told ail hands Once mopping up is completed heavilywooded lUono and lie tiny plantation isle of Stirling pro vide Admiral Halsey with posi tions close to the ShotHands po tential stcppingstoncs for an inva sion of Bougainville The enemys airfields on southern Bougainville already have been cratcrcd inlo present trselcssness The operations unfolded pre cisely as planned a spokesman for Admiral Ilatscy said and al licrt casualties were light Radio Tokyo in making the 1st announcement of the Mono land ing said Japanese planes sank an allied warship but the reports from Halseys headquarters point edly referred to no air opposition It was regarded as probable the Japanese would attempt Inter to send down planes from northern Bougainville or even from Rabaiil where 5 allied raids since Oct 12 have destroyed or seriously dam age R2S enemy aircraft Fridays communique reported the shooting down of between 12 anct IK enemy planes in the rin schhafcn New Guinea area the probable aerial destruction of a Japanese destroyer and possible damage of 2 others iu the New BritainMew Ireland sector 3 MILE GAINS ARE MARKED UP B Yd ARK ARMY 8th Army Clashes Bitterly With Germans Along Adriatic Coast By EDWARD KENNEDY Allied Headquarters Algiers American cruiser and destroyers pouring broadsides into Marshal Erwin Rommels line of communications along the an cient Apnian way pounded the Minturno area to the rear of his Mt Massico positions allied headquarters announced Friday as the allied 5th and 8th armies punched out short advances iu the face of massed artillery Fighting through a driving rain Ihe Americans of Lt Gen Mark IV Clark slashed through rivulets and up bristling moun tainsides for a sain of 3 miles in the Sparanisc area They threatened the town of Tcano where 4 roads join to the east of Bit Mnssico the lofty anchor of the Rommel line defending Koine Tcaiio is 91 miles south east of the Italian capital The 5th armys coastal flank still faced the Rcgia canal only miles north of the Vollurno in its frontal advance on Jit Massico and Mondragonc ivilh British elements for the most part not yet over the barrier Farther to the northeast in lie Riiviscanimi region the nth army consolidated its gains in impor tant high ground dominating val ley roads leading north along the upper VolUirno toward Venafro another key point in the Rommel line The German communique said nazi forces had been obliged to withdraw to new mountain posi tions on both sides vof the Vol turno in1 the face of powerful al lied assaults On the Ath army front Gen Sir Bernard L Montgomerys veterans clashed bitterly with the enemy on the Adriatic coast road near San Salvo 2 miles north of the Trigno river and 3 miles inland where the Ger mans were making every ef fort to prevent enlargement of the shallow allid bridgehead north of the stream Fifteen miles inland where Montgomerys warriors have not yet reached the Trigno 8th army units occupied Montcfalcono after a 5milc advance from Caslcl mauro Still farther inland Montgom ery forces captured Molise on a 2500foot mountain 1 mile west of Torclla Del Snmiio taken Thursday SEEKS WACS New Hampton Chickasaw county has a quota of 3 WAG recruits and E P Donohue of New Hampton has been named lo contact 18 possible candidates WITHHOLDING REPORTS DUE Des Moiiics Iowa in ternal revenue collectors office said Friday it has received fed eral income tax withholding re ports from only 25000 ot the 46 000 Iowa employers from whom such reports are due Employers who by Monday have not filed reports covering the 3month pe riod ended Sept 30 arc subject to a 5 per cent penalty HIPOCKETS Buy Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy AngloU S Food Board Is Simplified Washington resident Roosevelt and Prime Minister Churchill announced Friday a re arrangement of the AngloAmeri can combined food board whereby Secretary of Agriculture Vvickard will be its neutral chairman and Cantida will obtain membership Mr Roosevelt termed the action a step toward simplification Marvin Jones war food admin istrator will be a member of the combined food board A white house statement said this would facilitate the boards work in dealing with international food problems Jones the white house said will be in a position lo slate the American point of view and any possibility of conflicting views in food allocation mutters will be eliminated The president told news conference that lie expected ti send congress on Monday i message on food In it tic is ex pected to deal with the uura tions of subsidies and inflation He said he will make it clear in the message that the actual cost of food in the last 3 months has gone up not at all or up a tiny percentage The cost of some items he said has gone down a tiny percentage Methods used since last July in handling the food was named food administrator been stabilization measures Mr Roosevelt said He sakl they had cost he country little in cash and had been work ing well Giving a partial review of his message to congress he said it will contain an interesting item about rexerse lendtease out that the United States has been receiving from Australia enough beef and veal to feed prac tically all of our troops based in Australia The total amount lie said is roughlythe same as we have been sending out of this country to Ihe European theater exclu sive of beef and veal for our armed forces lie said that was an amazing statement and a veal headline and something that the country docs not know The Australian supplies of beef and veal received have yaved an enormous amount of shipping es pecially since our forces in the southwest Pacific eat an awful lot of those commodities Under a presidential executive order the food advisory commit tee and the interagency commit tee are abolished and Jones has set up a food requirements and allocations committee to pass 011 all domestic and foreign claims Tor food from American sources When buying a pack nf cicarrls contribute He to Cicarets for Servicemen to buy pack for a man in service overseas Authorities Prepare Murder Case Against Lonergan 25 Xexv York pages turned to a new chapter in the story book Bcekman Hill slaying Friday as authorities began preparation of the slates case against stonyfaced Wayne Thomas Lincrgm wlio awaited arraignment on a s cidc charge The L5 year old Lonergan who several months ago gave up cafe society life for the royal Canadian air force broke down Thursday and confessed he strangled and bludgeoned to death his heiress wife Patricia 22 District Attorney Frank S llosan said the airman admitted killing his pretty wife Sunday morning because she refused to let him see their 18 months old son Wayne William Loner Kan who lay asleep in another room in Mrs Irunroans sump tuous apartment The break came after Loner gan had been subjected to nearly 21 hours of incessant grilling While he was being booked and fingerprinted Thursday night po lice began grappling in the East river where Hogan said the stu dent flyer reported he discarded his royal blue service uniform Betraying only a trace of nerv ousness when booked Lonergan tersely commented Im sorry about the whole thing Described by llogan as intel ligent stubborn and depraved the lanky cadet began his pur ported confession after facing Maurice Murray Worcester a Bridscport Conn war worker and honorably discharged sol dier Lonergan had maintained that he was at a friends New York apartment with an American sol dier named Murray Worcester at the time his estranged wife was slain He claimed that Worcester had stolen his RCAF uniform Do you know this man Have you ever seen him before asked Assistant District Attorney Jacob L O N E K G A N Wayne Lonergan leaves an air plane behind a detective after arrival at LaGuardia field ill New York Crumet Lonergan shrugged a de cided NTo Then Crumet identified him Lonergan admitted that his story was fiction according to Hogan STATES PARLEY OF 3 POWERS IS IN FINAL PHASE Supports Resolution in Senate for Postwar CoOperation by U S Washington IVt President Roosevelt said Friday that the Moscow conference has been a great success and he indicated it was in its final phases where for mal documents of agreement are being drafted Sir Hooscvclt told a pressra dio conference also that he was very much in favor of a senate declaratkm that 10 avoid war in the future this country will co operate with others But he did not care to say that lite Connolly resolution under discussion in the senate was adequate The chief executive asserted that the net results of the meet ing of Russian British and American foreign ministers make it a tremendous success not only from the point of view of definite items of agreement but also from the standpoint of the spirit of it The overall objective of course he said is peace in the world ami the end of aggression That is far ami uvay the most important thing before the conferees Mr Roosevelt said A reporter remarked that he president seemed confident of Russias willingness to coopcr ale in inaiiitainiiiE peace and Mr Koscvcli said emphatically that he had always had such confidence To a u e s t i o n whether lie thought the Mns cow parley had confirmed and strengthened this confidence the chief executive replied in the affirmative He said he did not know any thing mare thanhe had 2weeks ago about the possibility tliat the discussions would lead to another Iripartite talk in which he Prime AlillisliiOmreliill inrl Premier Marshal Stalin would be the prin cipals Mr TiooseveU said a lot of cvu Us had felt when the Moscow de liberations began that all partici pants would agree to disagree that there would be a lot of sus picion and that they would not get anywhere But the spirit of the whole conference he said has been amazingly good lie gave eeiual credit for this to Secretary or State Hull and Uic Russians and British What specified documcnls and agreement have been reached Mr Roosevelt did not disclose At the proper lime tiie president said they will lie revealed probably frm Moscow Mr Uoosivcll the rnn firccs had been talking things over quietly and that relations individually hail been what lie termed atioul 1UO per cent They are attempting he said to work toward the objective o unanimity not only on the prog ress of ihe war but also in ho transition period afterward The conference he said has been en gaged in big things rather than in crossing Ts and dotting Is KcKarcling the senates foreign pniiiv proposal Mr Roosevelt said he thought ionic general language would emerge and lie remarked that ton spectic terms might have to be changed at some later time He said iic thought it would be a very line Iliing or the sen ate to say tiiat this country would cooperate with others to avoid future war The senate the president said has every right to talk about the issue as long as it wants to Asked whether the resolution now under consideration met his specifications of a declara tion tlrU this country will join with others in efforts to avoid wars Air Roosevelt iimuircil how could he answer that He said Ins questioner was gcltnvc down tn the matter of specific language He was asked also whether if the senate adopts the pending res olution he would feel bound by it That is hard to say lie replied adding that he might not like it But he expressed the view that some declaration of general senti ment would be fine Vice Chairman of Swift Board Is Dead Chicago F Swill 62 vice chairman of the board ot Swift and company and member of the meat packing family died Thursday night of a cerebral em bolism at his home He had been suffering from a heart ailment in recent weeks He joined the firm founded by his father Gustavus F Swift 46 years ago and became vice president and president be fore assuming the office of vice chairman
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