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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - October 19, 1943, Mason City, Iowa DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY AND ut a NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME NES IA THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS Ffe Fu Wir CcPy MASON CITY IOWA TUESDAY OCTOBER 19 Paper Consists c Two Section One NO 9 COMPLETE CONQUEST OF VOLTURNO Parley of 3 Powers Opens in Moscow REDS STRESSING GOP Move Believed to Have SECOND FRONT Killed New U S Tax Program Frnnnmv RarrioiTlian Hull Confers With Eden and Molotov Moscow of State Cordell Hull highest United Stales official ever to visit Moscow plunged quickly Tuesday into the wart first full dress tripartite the meeting is expected to deal conference meeting with his Britlargely with postwar political ish and Russian counterparts should be done preserve the peace and what ve tuu peace ana wnat tov only a few con Europe is to be fashioned eluding his mile flight to after victory is won As the foreignsecretaries set tled down to the first days busi ness the soviet press turned the spotlight onthelone awaited gettogether at which the Rus sians consider a second front in western Europe an important and lasting topic Despite their long hard trip Hull and Eden were eager to begin the discussions with Molo tov Both the American and British foreign officials expect the con ference to lay groundwork for future conversations among united nations leaders Muscovites stood in long lines to purchase newspapers all of which splashed pictures of Hull Eden and Molotov at the airport clear across flic bottom of the front pages The Moscow press frontpaged the statements made by Hull and Eden upon their arrival but the newspapers did not comment editorially on the conference The U S secretary of state who made his first airplane trip to get here arose early and ate his fa vorite breakfast of American rolled oats It took considerable effort to locate the rolled oats an American supply mission fur nished 6 boxes to solve the prob lem Preliminary discussions were held ai the Kremlin Monday eve ning shortly after the arrival ot the American and British visitors at the Moscow airdrome H was announced that the 1st real busi ness session would takeplace Tuesday afternoon between the representatives of the 3 nations who are expected to discuss not only wartime but postwar mat ters of a military political and economic nature A Joint 3power statement was issued Monday night an nouncing the personnel of the delegations and quoting the brief statements made by Hull and Eden nn their arrival It gives me special satisfaction to visit Moscow the capital of a great country united wit my own in a common cause Hull said I also have a pleasing oppor tunity of returning the visit to Washington of the soxiet foreign minister Mr Molotov and 1 am looking forward to the conversa itons with him and Mr Eden rl iramui Eden said I am very happy to plane believed to have been sta comc back lo Moscow for this contioncd at the armv air base at Terence and to have this opporSioux Citv barely kimmed ovcr tunity ot returning the visit paid the tops of Sioux Citys downtown by Mr Molotov to Jondon last buildings here shortly before noon rr jn hc Mr Hull While the subjects which will across the English channel and the lance sea an operation which they have repeatedly urged the western allies lo undertake It is not Russias intention at this time Prarda added lo dis cuss postwar frontiers or the status of the Baltic stales any more than the borders of the United States or the status of California Despite this assertion by Pravda the view prevailed gener ally in Tuesday that Acting Secretary of Sfale Ed ward R Stettiriius took both mili tary and political problems into account Mondny declaring that the conference should contribute greatly to the achievement of what we are all striving for the com plete defeat of the ruthless nazis and the establishment of a just BEAT BACK JAP EFFORT TO LAND Allies Destroy 24 Nippon Raiding Planes Allied Headquarters in the Southwest Pacific Allied troops and airmen have beaten back an attempted Japanese land ing near Finschhafen New Guinea and destroyed 24 of 35 planes bent on raiding allied shipping The Japanese sent 3 troop laden barges in toward the Fin schhafen beach before dawn Sunday Heavy fire from Aus tralians who had captured the former Japanese base Oct 2 sank 2 of Ihe bartres The 3rd disappeared hut General Mac Arlhurs communique said the enemy roops were tersely slroycd A headquarters spokesman said the Japanese still have a consider able force in ihe SatteJberg area about 15 miles northwest of Finschhafcn Two attacks from that area were repulsed by Ihe Australians Enemy air attacks were no more successful Thirlyfive planes were sent against shipping in Oro bay Allied fighters in tercepted and shot down 24 and probably destroyed 6 others Four allied fighter planes were lost but l of the pilots was saved Plane Skims Over Tops of Buildings in Sioux City and Then Crashes Sioux City Mt Irainina year I look forward greatly to the Tucsdav uu in hc commg discussions with him and stockyards district about I block r be cUscusscd here are a matter of plane wilh a dead molor cir speculation U was recalled that cled dangerously near the stork the communist party organ yards exchange building and PraVda declared last week that crashed upside down in Chambers the Russians intend to use the street They said the I person fr hv h h H 0 from l front by which they mean wreckage and was taken to St the opening of an allied offensive Vincents hospital j an ambu across hp English channnl anrl When buvinr a pack of cisarrls contribute 5c to Clarets for Servicemen to buy pack for a man in service overseas Economy Rather Than Further Tax Increases Urged in Statement Washington Republican members of the taxframing house ways and means committee took a solid stand Tuesday against any further federal taxes on individu al or corporate incomes in effect killing outright the administra tions new tax proannounced In a statement issued by Repre sentative Kmrison the republicans proposed a program of government economy instead of further tax increases The statement made no men tion of sales tax proposals but one republican member said that issue is dead Knutson said his statement was issued on behalf of the 10 republi cans on the 25member ways and means committee In vicsv of known opposition by a bloc of democrats to the admin istrations program which pro poses increases in individual and corporate income rates and larger excise levies the republican state ment was viewed as dealing the death blow to the program The treasury has failed to jus tify tls proposal to add an addi tional SIO500000000 to our tax load ihe statement said On the other hand witness after witness has shown conclusively that an increase in taxes at this time would probably undermine our whole economy do not wish to assume the responsibility for doing anything that will weaken the nations war effort or make harder the tre mendous task of reconversion of industry whon the war is over From the inflation stand point we believe that the fur ther tax increase would be in flationary in itself since it would inevitably lead to a de mand for higher wages to meet the increased tax burden Thus Oic vicious spiral would con tinue The statement raised serious doubts that congress would be able lo produce a tux bill cm bracing even halt of the amount recommended by he treasury The republican statement left the way open for support of some in creases in excises on socalled luxuries Turning lo its proposals for eco nomy as an alternative for fur ther increases in taxes the re publicans said The president should forth with proceed to set government finances in order by effecting needed economics in expenditures which would obviate the necessity for an equivalent amount of bor rowing and therefore of taxes Let him without delay sever from the covernmcnt pavroli the rJOOOOO employes whom Senator Byrd chair man of the joint committee on nmicssenlial federal expendi tures has said can he removed without in any way impairing Ihe war effort We likewise recommend that i he president study the possibility of eliminating waste and extrav agance in military expenditures Representative John Taber of New York ranking republican member of the committee on appropria tions has pointed out how a net savings of or more can be made without in any way reducing the production of imple ments and munitions of war The disclosures made Monday by Comptroller General Lindsay General Mills to Process Soybeans in Belmond Plant Minneapolis James F Bell chairman ot the board of directors of General Mills announced Tues day that General Mills had pur chased the American Crystal Sugar company plant in Belmond Iowa near Mason City for con version into a soybean processing plant The purchase price was not The property includes with arfcfi cij uipmbnt wh i c h wil L b e con v erted j mm edi ately into the soybean pant Bell said that wartime ncccssiiy for added soybean production ca pacity to meet protein and oil shortages prompted entrance into the vegetable oil field However the multitudinous peacetime possibilities of soy bean oil and meals saitf Harry A Bullis General Mills presi dent furnish many potential possibilities for production and employment after the war Whitney H Eastman formerly ot ArcherDanielsMidland com pany has been named president of the vegetable oil and protein division of the company The plant will consume about 2500001 bushels of soybeans an nually and will opcraleon a 24 hour clay yearround basis with an estimated output of 00 tank cars of soybean oil annually and 55000 tons of soybean oil meal The Belmond plant has been out of sugar production since 1931 It was known at the Mason City plant of the American Crystal Sugar company that negotiations had been under wny for the pur chase of the factory for the past 4 or 5 months F R Parley to Discuss R R Wages Uashinston IP President Roosevelt Tuesday summoned la bor leaders to a conference on Thursday to discuss labors de mands for higher wages with a probable view of heading off a threatened nationwide strike bal lot by railroad workers Labor sources said the white house called the meeting of what is known as the combined labm Avav board consisting oL represcn tatives of the CIO theAFJL and the Broth erhoods A spreading restlessness among the railroad workers over failure to win their wage demands threat ens to develop into an order for a strike poll soon but the decision is believed to depend largely on 5 operating reprcsenta Chicago late this In Chicago T C Caslien presi dent of the Switchmens Union of fsorfh America said there was quite a possibility Hint ai ordei for a strike ballot might result from a meeting there Friday of the general chairmen of the 5 op erating brotherhoods Apparently we cant get actioi by said AIRPORT WORK AHEAD OF SCHEDULE Drainage work on the Mason City municipal airport is 95 per cent and the grading more than 40 per cent completed at the end ot the 50 days of work Monday according to Paul V Roberts Kansas City district airport engineer for the CAA Time allowance for the job is 140 days When weather permits the work goes on 20 hours a day and G days a week Progress made in the grading ot the northsouth runway is shown in the picture above It was taken with a telescopic after several attempts had proved that the distance was too great the attitude of the brotherhoods whose lives meet week lens ordinary camera for camera is facing directly south from the norlh end of the run way No 1 Indicates the buildings of the relocated Nicholas tur key farm No 2 points out the cradc of the old 12th street road which the graders had just begun to cut down No 3 points to the approximate centerlinc of the runway Stripping of the black dirt from the runway area already has been heEUn north of the 12th street road 4shows the runway area wtiichTiadbeen stripped and yer filled with sand and gravel to provide perfect drainage under the paved area feet wide No 5 is an area which has been iilled and also compacted by sheepsfoot rollers No i has long windrows of sand gravel and clay binder which is run through a pugmill and mixed with water and then spread over he runway area It is the immediate base for the paving No 7 is the former 11 Nicholas residence now owned by the city and eventually to be moved and used as administra tion buildinj McCrce and companies arc now using the 1st floor as office quarters and the on the port The Nolan Construction civil aeronautics administration engineers occupy the 2nd flour 8 indicates a ditch in which drain tile is to be placed and marks the west cdKc of the paved runway The area 175 feet on either side of the paved runways is to be graded lo con form with the runways making a total landing space 500 feel wide and 5600 feet lone The distance from the camera to No 7 is approximately 1JJ miles although it seems far less in the picture because ofthe telcscopiclcris No 9 is an elevating grade which is excavating the 50 foo wide strip for the laxiway 01 J which planes move to and it also works on the grading the taxi strip from the runway aid administra tion building The boom of a dray line juts up south ot the road as of Barely visible at the right edge of the picture is No 10 a huge pile of sand and gravel to be used in mixing the asphalt paving ma terial It contains thousands ot tons of material Another like it is located just south ot the 12lh street road out of sight to the right of the camera Luck photo Kayenay engraving any other molbod Cashcn I f TTT1 TTT rw 5000 Who Were Prisoners of 11 t Speak for thorn bni ii ic m yj Germans Are on Way Home 1 st Military Prisoner Exchange With Nazis Is Now Under Way Flag Upside Down Over WAC Classrooms DCS Moines Glory waved upside down over the Oran sky building which houses WAC classrooms for several hours After a dozen phone calls from persons a tiering aid a color ser geant was sent to the roof lo right the flag whichwhen flown in an upsidedown position is n signal of distress The WAC public relations office said the flag was put up that way by mistake and that the error was corrected as soon as discovered j H iu i iic cnair cant speak for them but it y personal opinion that such an or der is quite probable The veteran chief of the switch men said the prevailing unrest among railroad workers was the worst he had seen since 1920 JAPSlROST SALWEEN RIVER Flyers Attack Nippon Troop Concentration Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Warmer Tuesday aft ernoon and Tuesday nipht be coming cold with shower Wednesday forenoon Winds 25 lo 35 miles an hour Iowa Warmer Tuesday continued warmer eal and slightly cooler west portion Wcdncsdaj Wednesday forenoon rain forenoon and in west portion late Tuesady night Minnesota Warmer Tuesday night Little change in tempera ture Wednesday forenoon Rain Wednesday forenoon and west portion lalo Tuesday night In creasing winds TN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Monday 64 Minimum Monday night 36 At 8 a m Tuesday 40 Warren are further proof of theYEAR AGO waste and going on extravagance now Maximum Minimum 71 37 London than 5000 disabled allied servicemen in cluding 17 Americans who were captured by the Germans on many battlefields and who spcn months and even years in prisoner nl war camps are on their way home in the wars first military prisoner exchange with Germany The exchange for an undisclosed exchange lor an undisclo One prong of number of wounded Germans e driip iiitu i the Japanese drive into western China has been thrust eastward across the Snlween river which for IB months has held the enemy in check a com munique from headquarters of LI Gen Joseph W Stillwcll indicated Tuesday The communique recorded nn attack by fighterbombers of the S air force supporting Chinese ground forces on Japa nese troop concentrations and supply dumps at Luku in Yunnan province on the cast bank of Ihe Salwccn well norlh of the point where hc old Burma road crosses that barrier It was the first indication that I lie Japanese established bridgehead The Chinese have not acknowledged the loss of allied hands taking place by uiu lurjb Ol Lukti or any Japanese of lnlOn 17 Americans the river eluded 4 officers and 13 cnlis Ti mpul The American air attack made Sunday inflicted heavy casual tics on the enemy Gen Stilwclls communique said It also reported Japanese air attacks on three three fields in eastern China undefended auxiliary air DROWNS IN TANK Lake Park Iowa monthsold Richard Finner fol lowed bis father M Finner around the barnyard several hours Monday Suddenly he was missing He was found drowned in a water tank half an hour later way of Swedish and Spanish ports The British foreign office announced that the Americans in volved would be sent back to their homes as soon as possible after they have reached this coun try and have communicated with their lamilics The foreign office said the re patriation was htinu carried out in 3 separate movements with a transfer of allied and German casualties at Cocte borft Sweden a similar cx rhauge at Barcelona Spain and an embarkation of German prisoners without an exchange at an allied port in northwest Africa The war department in Wah Americans in tccl men A Gocleborg dispatch disclos ing that the exchange there had been in progress for more than 3 days said the transfer involved 5175 invalids of whom 4310 were allied personnel and 835 Germans The hospital ships pick up the exchanges the dispatch to sail by When buying i pack of cigarcls contribute Sc to Ciltarels for said were Wednesday Caesar The German news agency DNB said in a Berlin broadcast recorded by the federal communi cations commission that 5000 se riously wounded German soldiers medical corps members and sick merchant sailors would be re turned from Britain and Africa The Washington announcement said it was expected that further carrier boy repatriation movements would be agreed upon from time lo time Military prisoners had been exchanged with Italy before her surrender and an exchange was arranged with Ihe Germans in 1911 but was abandoned after some Germans already had hccn mil aboard a thiji at a British port It was announced later in lie muse of commons that the Germans had broken off Hie cx cliangc Ttie present exchange is being made under the terms of the Geneva convention The 17000 ton hospital ships Atlantis and Empress of Russia and the Swedish lined Drottuing holm which brought the Germans from England will cany home Hie allied wounded from Goelcborg Describing She allied war in valids who boarded the Drottning holm at Goeteborg Associated Press Correspondent Edwin Shankc said they were all smiles and full of hope for the future al though some hobbled about on homemade pcglcgs while some squinted at the bright autumn sunshine with but 1 good eye Associated Press Correspondent John F Chester who watched the German repatriates boarding the Atlantis at a Scottish port last week said their faces showed neither sorrow nor pain and if they felt any joy at the prospect of returning to their fatherland it was carefully hidden ALLIED TROOPS CROSSINGRIVER AT ALL POINTS 8th Army to Push Germans Back Planes Blast Skoplje Allied Headquarters Algiers battle of the Volturno iver has ended in victory for the th army with the American and British troops crossing the river it all points it was announced Tuesday American troops captured 5 villages on the eastern sector of the 5lh army Hue in a sweeping advance of from 3 lo 5 miles Simultaneously British troops between Capua and the sea swept over the difficult river barrier at all points on bridges constructed by American en gineers At the same time Gen Sir Ber lard L Montgomerys 8lh army continued to push back the Ger nans and captured the towns Santo Stefano and Montecilfone rt their drive from the Adriatic coast The 5lh army push put them astride the Titcrno river where enemy resistance slackened They captured the villages ot Gioia Ij beri Faicchio Pontelatone and and also Bressa near the west coast north of the Vol lurno The North African air force maintained its bailie supremacy hammering at the Germans from i end of the line to the other but the biggest air news of the day was made by American bomber fleets which blasted the railroad yard at Skoplje in Jugoslavia on the only railroad line running from Belgrade to Athens A middle east air commu nique said that KAF heavy bombers had attacked at iUartiza and Calato in Sunday night at Kastel and Ileralklion on Crete and at Skyros harlinr in the Aegean on the same Field Marshal Gen Albert Kes selrings troops showed signs of weakening in their desperate de fense against Ihe east flank of the 5th army line but the 5 villages in rough mountain country had to be taken by bitter hardwon infantry advances American troops encountered numerous valleys and streams in their advance and crossed the Tierno a tributary of the Voltur no at least at I spot These gains on the mountain heights is where they counl a military spokesman said ff the mountains are taken the Germans will be forced to abandon the low lands along the coast As the military spokesman told ot the American gains word was Hashed from he ath army that all the British troops be tween Capua and the seahad crossed the Votturno This ended the battle of the Vol turiio proper and the 5th army now is fighting for high ground on the northern side of the river which leads to a main mountain ridge expected lo be Kesselrings next defense line Some of the hardest fighting ot tiie day came on the 8th army front when Santo Stefano was cap tured The Germans launched a number of severe counterattacks that were beaten back The cap ture of the town represented a gain of about 1 miles Montgomerys troops had en tered Montecilfone Sunday were driven out in street fighting but came back to tikc the town Disliked Name Signed for Draft With Another Philadelphia barged with registering for the draft un a false name a Negro ex plained to the court that he was ashamed of his own name Julius My sympathies said Judge Harry E Kalodncr imposing a 1 day prison sentence Buy War from Bonds NAZIS RETREAT Following heavy fiRhtins Ihe Germans w c r c reported withdrawing from their lower Volturno river lines after the th army Mashed across the stream
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