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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - October 16, 1943, Mason City, Iowa DEPARTMENT OF NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE VOL L MAKIS ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS Aaocialed Press and United Press Full Leased Wires MASON CITY IOWA SATURDAY OCTOBER 16 1943 Tills Paper Consists Two One ss o wo ne NO 7 NAZIS LOSING BATTLE OF VOLTURNO REDS PLUNGING ACROSS PLAINS BEFORE CRIMEA Beat Back German CounterAttacks Try to Trap 100000 Nazis BULLETIN Moscow UP Germany was reported Saturday to have thrown her main reserves into a showdown battle on the totter ine Dnieper line gambling everything on an attempted stand against red armies storm ing the suburbs of Kiev and chopping their way street by street through Gomel and Meli topol After weeks of vacillation the nazi command hurled aeainst the Russians a weight of aerial power multiplied 10 to 15 times massive armored forces and infantry rushed to the crucial battle zones Iroin distant places London back waves ot desperate counteral tacks in and around Melitopol Russian troops a r e plunging steadily westward across the low flat plains lending to the Crimea in an audacious attempt to entrap upwards at 100000 Germans re ported garrisoning the great pen insula dispatches from Moscow said Saturday Other red armyforces hav ing successfully invested Zapo rozhe industrial city on the bend of the Dnieper river 65 miles to the north were battling their way down the railway that leads through Melitopol to the Crimea BBC in a broadcast recorded by CBS quoted front line dis patches as saying that half of the town of Melitopol is in Russian Berlin ignored the extreme itscommu ruque a t strong soviet forces had launched new attacks southeast of Kremen chug just above the great bend in the Dnieper river both north and south of the key city ol Kiev near Chernigov southwest of Smolensk and on the northwest ern front near Velikie Luki All attacks were repulsed either in violent handtohand lighting or by counterattacks the Ger man communique added Saturdays Russian communique saidthis column already had driv en the hardfighting Germans back through 5 railway towns including Plavni 17 miles south east of Zaporozhe More than 1 000 nazis were killed 22 tanks were destroyed and 20 big guns captured in this operation Far to he north the Russians were beating in through the out er defenses of Kiev repulsing repeated counterattacks Red army troops also drove back at tacking Germans south of Go mel in White Russia Germans in the Crimea were laced with another threat from the Taman peninsula in the western Caucasus whore strong soviet forces were repotted massing for an amphibious attack across the Kerch straits and the Black sea At least 1500 Germans drowned crossing the Dnieper at Zaporozhe as the Russians cleaned up the east bank of that sector the war bulletin said and anothet2000 were reported slain in the fierce handtohand fighting in the town Melitopol from which the ene my was slowly but surely being driven The communique reported bit ter fighting on the middle Dnie per where massed Russian artil lery mowed down fierce counter attacks north ana south of Kiev Here the Germans were being methodically blasted from one line after another the TASS news agency reported Red army airplanes command ing the skies over the front broke up couhlless German installa tions and thwarted all attempts to wreck Russian bridgeheads over the river They bombed enemy airdromes damaging or destroy ing 23 planes on the ground and shooting down 19in air battles over the river GIRL IS KILLED AT EMMETSBURG Stueve 4 daughter of Mr and Mrs Arthur Stueve of near Hobarton was ac cidentally killed Friday when she ran under a wagon that her brother was driving while picking corn t I UNITED WE STAND THEIR MOTTOOnly with each others aid can these 2 wounded American infantrymen make their way to a bench on New Georgia island to be evacuated to a hospital Although they are having enough trouble supporting each other note that they cling tightlv to their weapons Rabaul Exposed to Possible Invasion Is Pounded by Air Important Nippon Air Strip Is Reduced to Allied Headquarters in the Southwest Pacific Bri tain kej Japanese position now exposed to possible invasion from the westby recent successes of General MacArthur on nearby New Guinea is undergoing an aerial pounding the length of its 370 mile long crescent Rabaul he mighty air fortress and big sea base on the eastern lip has been ripped and torn by 350 tons of bombs in a single day Cape lloskins air strip for fight ers and for fueling long range bombers from Rabaul has been reduced to rubble at the middle of the crescent At the western Up the airdrome of Cape Gloucester which is only 85 airline miles from MacArthurs nearest New Guinea base has been blasted by 42 tons a consid erable weight for the size of the target The biggest force of bombers and fighters ever amassed in the southwest Pacific hit Rabaul Tues day destroying or making use less 177 planes and sinking more than 100 ships ranging from de stroyers to small harbor craft Cape lloskins and Cape Glou cester were pounded the next the nounced only SaturdayThrough the bomb bay of a liberator As sociated Press War Correspond ent Robert Eunson saw the pat tern of the raiders bombs wipe out buildings sink a ship in the harbor and make the airfield at Cape Hoskius useless for days At Cape Gloucester the bombs dug great holes in the runway and spread fires over the base Thursday the day following that raid Mitchellswent in low along New Britains western tip to wreck supply barges with their bombs That same day the Gas mala airdrome on the south shore was set ablaze by liberators There was no mention of inter ception by Japanese planes in these latest raids nor of any al lied losses Only 5 planes were lost out the hundreds of planes Which assaulted Rabaul Tuesday DIES INT ESTHERVIIAE Estherville A Smith 42 deputy Emmet county engineer the last 8 years died Friday FASCISTS PRISONERS FREE held as political prisoners of tlie fascist regime these men become free again as they file from a prison on the island of Favig nana off the west coast of Sicily They were released when the alliedmilitary government con trol of the island This is a United States army signal corps photo 1 Army Columbia FINAL LEWIS AND WLB URGE STRIKERS RETURN TO PITS Appeals Are Sent to Coal Miners in Alabama and Indiana Washington war la boboard and John L Lewis is sued separate calls to striking coal miners in Alabama and In diana Saturday to return to work immediately Lewis sent telegrams to all local unions in the affected areas expressing the that each miner will again sacrifice his personal interest and subor dinate his righteously feelings and return to work ou Monday The United M in e Workers president said in the messages that he had assurances the WLB would pass next week on a pro posed Illinois contract which the miners have urged as a model for extension to the whole soft coal industry The WLB action In the form of a directive order called upon the men to go back to the pils forthwith and upon their union officers to take all necessary steps in that direction The board said its order preceded Lewis tele gram The text of the directive order follows The national war labor board having been advised that the pro duction of coal had been seriously hampered by strikes of coal min ers in the Alabama and Indiana districts of the United Mine Workers of America because of labor dispute and being of the opinion that the said labor dispute has become so serious that it may lead to substantial interference with the war effort Now therefore by virtue of the pursuantto the power vested in itbyrexecutive executiveorders directives and regulations issued under the act of congress and the war labor disputes act the national war labor board hereby orders L That the miners now Ion strike return to work forth with and 2 That the officers of the unions with which the strikers may be affiliated take all necessary steps within their power to assure such return to work Lewis complete telegram to lo cal unions affiliated with the united mine workers ot America in Alabama district 20 and Indi ana district 11 follows Yesterday Secretary Kennedy Thomas Kennedy of the UMW and I conferred with 7 members of the national war labor board We answered all of their ques tions and they assured us they would definitely pass on the ques tion ot our contract next week It is also my considered per sonal judgment that for reasons of logic the board cannot escape approving the pending contract and making it applicable through out the industry T know how discouraged and embittered you are because of the shabby treatment you are re ceiving You are denied a wage that will provide adequate food foi your families while the coal op erators are making the greatest profits in history However we all want to avoid any damage to the war effort or to the interest of our country I am therefore requesting that the members of each local union call a meeting and vote to im mediately ieturn to work hope each mine worker will again sacrifice his personal in terest and subordinate his right eously outraged feelings and re turn to work on Monday Lewis appeal to the miners came while fears spread that the unauthorized work stoppage would spread into a new general strike and the WLB planned a meeting late Saturday to deal with the situation ALABAMA STEEL OUTPUT IS VIRTUALLY HALTED By ALFRED KUETTNER Birmingham Ala UR Steel production backbone of the na tions war effort virtually stopped in Alabama Saturday as 22000 striking coal miners closed every pit in the state in protest against the absence of a contract and re turn of the mines to private oper ators With soft coal supplies dwin dling rapidly and Marine ex haustion the Tennessee Coal Iron and Railroad company ind the Republic Steel corporation began bankinr tbetr blast fur BENEVENTO LEFT IN fills the streets and only the shells of buildings stand in Benevcnto Italy as American troops pass through it in pursuit of the Ger mans U S army engineers can be seen working to clear a path through the ruins Signal corps radiophoto Report Hitler Ordered Last Man Defense for Crimea Germans Intend to Evacuate Rome Avoid Battlefield in City Stockholm Hitler risking the Crimea as another po tential Stalingrad ordered 7 Ger man divisions on that peninsula to defend if necessary to the lasUman any attackwhether from sea orairi the Berlin cor respondent of the Social Demo kraten said Saturday The same correspondent said that in Italy the nazis intended to evacuate Rome since the Germans are scared to challenge the whole Catholic world by changing the holy city into a battlefield Hitlers order on the Crimea followed a long conference with his genera staff and was issued even though the Germans know that the Russian offensive toward the mouth of the Dnieper river might trap the nazi troops there the Social Demokrnten said The Stockholms Tidningen said the fighting in the southern sector of the Russian front north of the Sea of Azov was assuming the pro portions a slaughter The Germans declared they had re pulsed all soviet attacks and that the red army had lost 8 divisions 10 armored brigades and several aircraft regiments in the Zapo rozhe area BANCROFT WINS BASEBALL TITLE Johns of Bancroft was crowned champion of the fall slate baseball tournament here Saturday morning by defeating Atkins 53 Tommy Murray on the mound Tor the winners struck out 10 men and gave up but 4 hits His mates committed 4 misplays behind him Atkins hurier Albrecht allowed safeties The losers made 3 errors Name U S Warships in Salerno Action Allied Headquarters Algiers 10000ton U S cruiser Boise the cruiser Philadelphia 9 475 tons and Savannah 9650 tons and the destroyers Bristol Edison and Luwlow were in the Gulf of Salerno to give protec tion and fire support to the 5th army invasion of Italy ii was announced Saturday The ships engaged shore batteries at point blank range and poured tons of shells into enemy positions Penn State Nary I FINAL naces and all but one ivcre to shut down by Sunday The strike which is costing more than 50000 tons of bitumin ous coal and 6000 tons of pig iron daily closed all 16 of the captive mines operated by steel com panies in Alabama and cut off the somce of fuel for the iron and steel producing furnaces EXPENDITURES ABROAD PROBED Nye Is Named Head of e Inquiiy Washington The senate Saturday began laying the ground work for a sweeping investigation of American expenditures abroad under the leadership of hardhit ting factfinders whose choice left no doubt thnt it really meant business Named on a subcommittee of the appropriations committee to collaborate with the Truman com mittee in looking into the charges of 5 senators who toured the bat tlefronts were Senators Gerald P Nye R N Harry S Tru man D Mo and Millarcl E Tydings D MA Nye is one of the toughest and best known investigators in con gress He took part in the Teapot Dome oil probe and later as chair man of other oil investigations recovered SI 1000000 in taxes for the government and caused lead ing oil men to be punished or flee the country Later he concluded a famous in vestigation of the munitions in dustry that shocked the nation with its revelation of coldblooded pro fitseeking by arms makers regardless of result Politically lie was n strong isolationist father of the neutrality act and a critic of the president for not applying Hie neutrality act to bar anus shipments to Japan in the day before Pearl Harbor Most of the criticism by the re turned senators was leveled at lendlease operations They also protested that the United States has no commercial aviation rights outside the western hemisphere despite expenditure of billions of dollars building fields for allied nations Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Continued cold Sat urday afternoon and Saturday night lowest temperature abou 25 at Mason City Iowa Colder east portion Satur day with heavy frost and freez ing temperature not quite so cold west portion Saturday warmer Sunday ore night noon Minnesota Colder in cast not quite so cold in westportion Saturday night rising tempera lure Sunday forenoon IN MASON CITY As the mercury dipped to Ihe lowest point of the season a kill ing frost was recorded Saturday morning GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Friday 3g minimum Friday night 22 At 8 a m Saturday 23 YEAR AGO Maximum fig Minimum Indiana Iowa FINAL Notre Dame Wisconsin New Subway in Chicago Is Dedicated Chicago The subway Chi cagos been talking about since the Columbia exposition in 93 is ready for the first revenue opera tion at a in Sunday It represents the first step to rard untying the loop That structural steel giant carrying elevated trains which Capitalist Charles Tyson Yerkcs built in 1897 served to compress the principal retail financial hotel and amusement business of the nations 2nd city into a con gested area less than a mile square The subway with contem plated extensive additions should permit the tearing down of the loop eventually and ex pansion of the downtown busi ness district into blighted areas now surrounding it Chicago is properly proud of its new municipally owned sub way an engineering dream come true Planners builders and city olficials assert it is the finest iafcst best ventilated and best il luminated subway in all the world Theyd gladly argue the point with Boston New York Philadelphia or any of the sub way cities in Europe Consequently there were ap propriate dedication ceremonies Saturday with Mayor Edward 1 Kelly cutting a ribbon under the intersection of State and Madison streets in the presence of 10 train loads ot city state and federal officials aldermen civic business and professional groups union leaders and the press all riding free Actually the mayor jumped the dedication gun on a Friday last April when a special train ran through part ot the subway amid fanfare and speeches The fol lowing Tuesday was municipal election day He was reelected There are innovations in the subway commanding the high est respect of engineers Its the first subway in the world to use fluorescent lighting givinff uni form intensity of illumination and reducing shadows and glare Bach of the 16 stations has its own identifying color scheme with rotation of primary colors blue red green and brown A passenger who doesnt know how to read station signs ought to be able to gel off at the right color Sidewalls of the stations are finished in gray structural glass a nonscratchablo material that will prevent anyone who likes to write in public places from draw ing pictures or scrawling John ny Loves Mary in the subway Accidentproof reversible es calators connect the mezzanine stations with train platforms The latest in automatic train control will stop a train if the operator runs past a red signal and will WITHDRAWAL IS STARTED ALONG DEFENSE LINES Allies Knock New Gaps in Important Defenses Before Rome BULLETIN Ixindon at Algiers said Saturday that the Germans were in full retreat north of the Volturno river on he road to Rome German forces have with drawn to the mountains under the protection ot artillery fire in order to avoid encirclement by heavilyreinforced allied forma tions the broadcast added It said that roads bridges and military installations had been destroyed before the nails evac uated their lines Allied Headquarters Algiers battle oC the Volturno swung definitely in favor ot the allies Saturday amid signs that lie Germans were trying to break keep i train witiiTn its maximum speed propei TRAIN HITS BUS 6 ARE KILLED 35 Others Injured in Tracy Cal Accident Tracy Cal A crowded Greyhound passenger bus and the 18 car Western Pacific railroads Exposition flyer met in a screech oE tearing metal Friday night and at least 6 of the bus passenger were killed and 35 others injured Only 7 of those aboard the bub managed to escape the machine before the flyers locomotive car rted it 95 feet up the track spin ning it around completely and fi nally rolling it over in a mass of twisted wreckage Assistant District Attorney Maxwell Willens said Richard Manning 43 of Oakland Cal the driver told him the brake failed to hold when he attempteu to stop the busat the track thai subsequently the vehicle stalled and that once he succeeded in starting it again the gears jammed The bus at least had begun to roll forward again just as the train struck Willens quoted Man ning as saying The driver un injured jumped out as did 6 o the passengers The dead included Joseph H Eoyd 58 Wichita Falls Tex Kenneth Huckaby and Charle Walter Johnson San Francisco and Corner J Jenkins 41 Berke ley Calif The bodies of a sailor and of an elderly woman were unidenti fied off for general withdrawal ahead ot the American and British troops who captured 6 more towns in gains up to 3 miles Lashinp out from firmly es tablished bridgeheads north of the Volturno the 5th army Dressed the Germans steadily back from their primary barri cade across the road to Rome To the northeast the allies knocked new gaps in the enemy line across Italy They captured Vinchiaturo and Campobasso ma jor supply bases in the center of the line as well as Amorosi Cer rapo Cerelo and Ciazzo The loss of these towns left the German positions dangling at the mercy of the allies The position of Lt Gen Mark W Clarks ath army was de scribed officially as satisfactory But the Germans still high ground ou Ihe Volturno front and their artillery fire was troublesome The fact however that they were showing signs of breaking off the action meant that the battle had pone in favor of the allies and they had secured a springboard for the push on Home As the Germans withdrew at1 points they used their customary tactics of spreading mines in great profusion They also maintained a fairly strong barrage over the river crossings in futile efforts to prevent enlargements of the al lied bridgeheads Engineers were busy along the northern banks of the Volturna searching out and deadening the German mines AngloA m c r i c a n forces im proved their positions north of the VolturnoCalore confluence when they stormed into Amorosi Beyond them the 8th army bat tered dovn stiff resistance by rearguard forces to overrun the key positions on the Tcrmoli Naples highway The Germans had been using Ihe railroad line which runs near Campobasso and Vinchiaturo tn switch heavy artillery from point to paint Across Ihe Apcnniiic mountains the allies stepped up their cam paign to rout the Germans from their strong points athwart Ihe NaplesTermoli road whose cap ture will speed the supply and re inforcement of the British 8lh army for its drive up the east coast to Pescara and the lateral road to Rome Campobassn 35 miles south west of Tcrmili and Vinchia truo 10 mites farther southwest fell to the allies after deter mined assaults the communi que said Campobasso is an industrial and railroad center of 30000 population The enemy continues to em ploy widespread demolitions to impede our the commu nitiue s a i d The changeable weather impedes activity and slows the work of our patrols British destroyers in the Adri atic were revealed to have inter cepted 2 Italian ships carrying German guards 1 laden with oflO tons of bauxite was set on fire by the Germans and sunk by British shells and the other a medium sized tanker was captured and taken into harbor The British destroyers were identified as the Tumult and Ilex Medium bombers of the north African air forces resumed their attacks on Greece and scored Buy War Savings Bonds and direct hits in the hangar areas Ot carHr airfields at Salonika touching off fires and explosions and dcstroy Purdue Ohio State
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