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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - October 15, 1943, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME VOL I THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES AVL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS Associated fttss and United Press Full Leised Wires MASOX CITY IOWA FRIDAY OCTOBER 15 1941 This Paper Consists of Two One 01 xwo One JtO C LAND BEHIND ENEMY LINE IN ITALY Schweinfurt Heavily Damaged 60 Flying Forts Lost DESTROY HALF OF OUTPUT IN 3 MAJOR PLANTS Half of Missing 593 Airmen Believed to Be Prisoners of Germany London head quarters announced Thursday that at least 50 per cent of the Schweinfurt ball and roller bear ing plant was knocked out by States bombers Thursday a Teat more than offsetting the loss of 60 flying fortresses and 593 airmen Aerial reconnaissance pic tures revealed that Ihe plant producing 50 per cent of the bearings for the German war machine was at least half in capacitated by the United States heavy bombing fleet which suf fered Americas greatest single loss of the war expected the losses to be heavy but the damage done was much greater to the Germans fiiJg Gen FrederickL Anderson chief of the 8th air force bomber command said Friday The results of this attack eventually will be apparent in a shortage German tanks planes guns and armored vehicles on the Russian Mediterranean and west ern fronts and in the slowdown or submarine construction An dersun said He described the estimate the damage to the Schweinfurt bear ing 3 factories in which the nazis had centered the greatest concentration of such an industryin the con er HALF OF FLYERS ARE BELIVED PRISONERS Washington UF A total of 593 flying fortress crew members were lost in the American raid on Schweinfurt in Germany Thursday but at least half of them are believed to be alive as prisoners of war Gen Henry H Arnold chief of the army air forces said Friday Arnold ranked the raid in im portance with the previous blast ing of the Ploesti oil fields in Ru mania by American liberator bombers This attack on Schweinfurt was not merely a spectacular air raid Arnold said It was an engagement between large major campaign In a period of a few hours we in vaded Germanheld Europe to a depth of 500 miles sacked and crippled one of her most vital enterprises did it in daylight and we did it with precision aiming our explosives with the care and ac curacy of a marksman firing a rifle at a bulls eye We moved in on a city of 50 000 people and destroyed the part of it that contributes to the ene mys ability to wage war us NAZIS MASS FIGHTER PLANES AGAINST YANKS London Germans massing their most effective lighter opposition to date shot down a record number of 60 American flying fortresses from heavy force that mnde a sham bles Thursday out of 3 nazi roiler and ball bearing plants at Schweinfurt The fortresses with their fighter escorts downed at least 101 enemy planes as a rigantic air the ereal est ever fought over the con for 2 hours all the way from the European coast to the targets in central Germansand back again While no details of the opposi tion lactics were disclosed of ficially numerous American crewmen told of encountering swarms of singleengine nazi lighters and also the twinen gined craft on which the new German rocket apparatus is chief ly mounted The fortresses destroyed 31 en emy aircraft and possibly 42 more Thunderbolts escorting them part of the way on the 500 mile trip added another 13 and 3 probables Two U S fighters failed to return The number of fortresses that participated in the raid was not disclosed but it was described of ficially as large Despite the opposition the American bombers splattered their bombs over all of the 72 acres of factory buildings hons one of Germanys most import ant centers for producing bear essential for virtually every piece of mechanized war equipment There ought tobe ball hear Nazis Destroy Dnieper Dam in Effort to Halt Russians TRAIN TAKES A NOSEDIVPA locomotive of the Union railroad takes a nosedive over a short retaining wall in Homestead Pa The fireman was tinown from the cab into the street ings rolling all over Germany said 1 crewman who watched hundreds ot bombs pour into the target area The 60 heavy bombers an nounced officially as missihg con stituted the greatest loss ever in flicted upon theii allied jiir forces by1 the nazis It exceeded by 1 the 59 lost by the Americans Aug 17 in the 2 pronged raid on Schweinfurt and Begensburg when formations hit ing the latter target made their celebrated shuttle trip to Africa The RAF lost its greatest number 58 in a night attack on Berlin Aug 23 The minimum of 104 uazi fighters knocked down Thurs day fell far short of previous American achievements The record of 107 destroyed on the SchweinfurtRegensburg attack Aug 17 still stands The 2nd highest number ot enemy fighters destroyed 142 was claimed in the American raid on Bremen and Vegesack a week ago Friday when the German rocket device made one of itsfirst reported appearances Rocketcarrying German fight ers were observed Thursday by several fortress men one of whom Perry D Row of Wichita a projectile that whizzed over his wing from a long way off looked like a big red brick In an interview published lius week in Stars and Stripes Maj Gen William E Kepncr chief of the 8th air force fighter com mand said the Germans were using a greater number of twin engined craft lo carry their rocket apparatus The German overseas radio in a broadcast recorded by the min istry of information admitled that considerable damage was done lo Schweinfurts residential section Thursday Other German broadcasts de claring that flying commanders which set out early this morning are constantly finding more wreckage said 123 American air craft were shot down Fourteen German fighters were lost it was said Five 4cngined American bomb ers made forced landings near Munich it was added in the broadcast which declared great confusion was caused among the fortress formations by new smoke screen rockets of the Ger man defense which caused some bombers to collide in the artifi cial fog The American flyers declared their bombs were concentrated on the target and described the raid as one of their best jobs yet Accept Applications to Restore BC Cuts Des Moines lor restoration of B and C gasoline ration cuts now are being ac cepted by local ration boards in Iowa F J Derrick gasoline ra COMFORT SAYS GRAVEN OOF Serviceto Party Is Stressed for Judgeship Des Moines field for the federal judgeship in Northern Iowa appeared tobe wide open Friday following a statement from Frank J Comfort Iowa demo cratic national committceman in dicating the appointment of either U S District Atty Tobias E Dia mond 67 of Sheldon or District Judge Henry N Graven 50 of Mason City is unlikely Diamond and Graven have been regarded as the 1st and 2nd choices respectively of Senator Gillette D for the post from which Judge George C Scott of Sioux City has asked to be re tired Nor 1 Back from Washington whore he conferred with Atty Gen Francis Biddle Democratic Na tional Chairman Frank C Walker and Senator Gillette about the va cancy Comfort released a pre pared statement which contained these highlights PROPOSED U S SALES TAX IS HIT BY MURRAY Says Such Levy Would Make Labor Demand Increase in Wages Washington Philip Murray of the CIO blasted away Friday at proposals for a national retail sales tax bluntly warning that it such a levy be came law labor would demand wage increases to make up for this unjustified wage cut proposed sales tax levy would be the equivalent of a military defeat he told the house ways and means commit tee considering new lux Icjtis lation Economic StablizaUou Director Fred M Vinson previously told the tax framing body1 a 10 per cent sales tax would cause an 8 per cent rise in the cost of living and that subsequent demands for wage and price increases would break the hold the line wartime economic policy opening the way for wild inflation Supporters of the tax contend it would deter inflation Murray who said he represented 5000000 working men and wo men stated We are absolutely opposed to the imposition of any sales tax The sales tax is directed at the low income group it is tne worker and his family that spend practically all of their money just to keep themselves alive They are lo have their full in come in effect taxed under this most vicious type of tax legisla tion High income groups that spend only a portion of their in come food clothing or other necessities are to have just that small percentage taxed whereas the rest of their income may be continued to be amassed for fur ther concentration ot wealth in their hands In peacetime a sales tax is vicious enough but in war time when we are trying to assure our war workers of sufficient funds to maintain themselves the pro posed sales tax would be the equivalent ot a military defeat A sales tax is an imposition of a national wage cut bearing most heavily on the low income groups Such a tax would be a violation of the obligation given by this Entrapment of German Garrisons in Crimea Is Reported Threatened London waters of the reat Dnieper largest in sent rolling over the Russian countryside once more by German troops the Ber lin radio reported Friday in ac knowledging their flight from Zaporozhe their longheld south ern key base and guardian fort of the Crimea Xews hat the SI to000001 dam had been blown up by the enemy indicated that they had succeeded in repairing it after the Russians destroyed its use fulness themselves when fulling back from the Dnieper in 1941 in what was called the greatest piece of selfsabotage ot all time The gigantic dam is situated at the lower end of the Dnieper rapids a few miles north df Zaporozhe and was considered 1 of the outstanding industrial achievements of the soviet regime Its waters generated power for the whole industrial area of tlie Ukraine and it has been said that whoever controls the clam con trols Ihe whole southwestern fius sian industry By blowing up the great dam 5 miles northwest of Zaporozhe the Germans evidently hoped to stall the Russian advance west ward and to prevent the entrap ment of garrisons in the Crimea believed to number more than 100000 troops There was no con firmation of the dams destruction uy tins That Comfort was willing to government to the working people go along oh the appointment of of America that wages and prices Diamond because he was an out are to be stabilized as of their re staiuting lawyer and a good loyal litionship which prevailed on democrat but that Biddfc tola him Sept 15 1942 the president would not appoint Diamond because of his age That for the Moines vl ilic monies OPA district said Friday Derrick said only essential drivers may apply for additional coupons tr cover their required mileage and District OPA Director Ft E Wal Walkcr and Gillette the demo crats of Iowa had the very high est regard for Judge Cravens ability as a lawyer but that there are many other candidates who are as well qualified as Judge Graven and who from a party service standpoint were more de serving 3 Thai Comfort assented to a suggestion of the attorney general that the democratic organization and Senator Gillette list with him some 6 7 or 8 candidates that would be satisfactory lo both the senator and the organisation and he in turn would select from that group Whether Senator Gilleltc will do so is a matter for him alone to decide Comfort said in referring to Biddles suggestion The committceman expressed the opinion that no appointment would be made within the next 2 or 3 weeks Senator Gillette has reported there were nt least 28 aspirants for the position which carries a StO 000 annual salary on a life tenure basis with a retirement option at full pay Comfort said he called Biddles attention to the presidents recent waiver of the 60year age rule in appointing former Internal Rev enue Commissioner Guy T Hel vcring 65 to a federal judgeship in Kansas Mr Biddle then informed me that Mr Helvoring had been an old longtime personal friend of President Roosevelt and the pres ident had waived the age rule on Judge Helvering because of this personal friendship I Madrid Hears Nazis Have New Attack Tank Called Growly Bear Buy Bonds a new attack tank called the Growly He said it carries Italy heavier armor and bigger guns than any soviet armored unit and according to the Germans is ca pable of blocking the advance of 10 soviet tanks from Moscow and known whether it the was not Russians would be able to transport their armies across the newlyflooded terrain to close the Crimean escape corridors Tile great dam was frequently called the Dnepropetrovsk dam al thought it lies some 40 miles south of that Dnieper river cit3 German dynamite was unable however to spoil the real Rus sian victory of the Zaporozhe bridgehead which the soviet army publication Red Star said was the last German hope of protecting the railway to the Crimea through Melitopol from the north and of checking the Russian offensive in Ihe south One London military column ist wrote Friday that the victory may even be much greater than that at Stalingrad pointing out that by crossing the Dnieper in force at Zaporozhe the Russians would be in position to drive along the inner lines of German forces south of the Dnieper and in the Crimea Other London commentators said that German forces in Rus sia had been divided both geo graphically by the Russian suc cesses and by the necessity for Italian front North Russian forces are now divided from those in Ihe south by the great Pinsk marshes bor dering he northern Ukraine and if southern White Russia which F K COMMENTS ON HITS ARGENTINA SUSPENSION OF JEWISH PAPERS F R Declares Move Is in Line With Nazi Doctrine Activities Washington resident Roosevelt sharply rebuked Argen tina Friday for suspending publi cation of J e w i s h newspapers terming this action in line with characteristics of uazi doctrines H was the 2nd time within recent weeks that this govern ment has reproved the only American nation still maintain ing diplomatic relations with the axis Secretary of Slate Hull previ ously sent a stronglyworded mes sage turning down an Argentine request for lendlcase assistance Mr Roosevelt said in a state ment to a pressradio conference that primarily the suspension of Jewish newspapers concerned tire Argentine government and people but he added I cannot forbear to give ex pression to my own feeling of ap prehension in this hemisphere of action obviously antiSemitic in nature and of a character so closely identified with the most repugnant features of uazi doc trine Mr Roosevelts statement fol lows I have been informed that the Argentine government has sus pended the publication of Jewish newspapers some of which have been in existence for many years While this matter is of course onejvhjrh concerns primarily the Argentine government and peo ple 1 cannot forbear lo give ex pression to my own feeling of apprehension at the faking in this hemisphere of action ob viously antiSemitic in nature and of a character so closely identified with the most repug nant features of uazi doctrine I believe that this feeling is shared by the people of the United States and by the people of the other American republics In this connection 1 recall that one of the resolutions adopted at Ihe 8th in ternational conference of Ameri can states at Lima in 1938 set forth that any persecution on ac count of racial or religious mo Deer Appears in Business District of Burlington Burlington were startled by the appearance of a deer which covered a wide range of territory including the business district in its rambles Friday morning Police Sgi William Anderson received half a dozen telephone calls in as many minutes starting at oclock and was taking an other when the animal appeared at the police station Frightened by police it ran north through the business district escaping officers in a squad car and disappearing near the north city limils Ill its flight the deer nearly knocked down a woman waiting for a bus and ran into one auto mobile narrowly missing being struck by a second Willkie Wants to Be Candidate If GOP Will Accept His Doctrines St Louis Willkie in St Louis to make his first ma jor political speech since the 1940 presidential campaign frankly ad mitted Friday his desire to head the republican ticket in 1944 if the party will accept his doctrine of international cooperation and ibcral domestic policies Speaking inlormallv at a pres Willkie said Ill tell you what Im trying to do It I can get infused into the republican oariy my views on foreign policy ind economic problems it goes without saying that Id like to be he instrumentality of putting liem in forcer Im trying to develop an organ ization sentiment in the party the Indianaborn New York law yer continued not alone for plat form purposes but to develop a state Qlmincltliat vill recognizv tTrfr effcVf tivc nations and will act lo achieve such co operation through a democratic world organization tives which makes it impossible group of human beings to for live decently is contrary to the political and juridical systems 01 America A cable from Buenos Aires Wednesday said all Jewish news papers printed in Yiddish had been suspended This includes the principal Jewish newspapers of no vy ine neccsbliy lor i1 ntivvspajjuis ui sending topnotch fighters to the Argentina The dispatch said Jew isn newspapers printed in Spanish had not up to lhat time been af fected No reason was assigned for the suspensions Madrid Delayed Span ish correspondent in Berlin re ry ported Friday that Germany has in order to send 3 divisions form an effective barrier until the arrival of extremely cold weather they said A more important view is taken here however of reports that Germany has been forced lo split her reconstituted 6th army in order to send 3 divisions against the 5th army pushing up Meanwhile Melitopol about 120 miles south of Zaporozhc has been isolated by other so viet columns and Us fall was expected hourly the Russian communique indicated ings to Dnieper in fighting on both flanks of the Ukrainian capital Gomel another German de fense base on the edge of Igwer White Russia also faced imminent capture by soviet forces Red army spearheads were closing in on the So7h river stronghold from the north and south Nazi incen diary squads were said to be methodically destroying installa tions in both Kiev and Gomel by fire and dynamite The mounting tol of German dead was increased by nearly 10000 in Thursdays major en gagements the Russians said DEADLINE APPROACHES DCS iioincs deadline WA I communique indicated Oman Angered aS BUS The threat lo the Crimea was equivale A 1 i I0 lnc only disaster facing the bombers JJriVer AskS Destination battered German armies Far to the north a Russian communique Fort Wayne Ind clrivi lccl lallk corps have cr was examining passengers forecci a breach in the Ger lickets as they boarded a crossIman lillcs aouvc embattled Kiev county bus here when a woman l mc navc smashed 3 nazi clivi with no ticket in hand climbed thc wcst bmik of Ihe aboard you going lady the driver asked To see my sister she replied and what business of yours is it And it turned out she was on the wrong bus anyway Germans Claim 13 Boats Sunk by Subs London German broad cast Friday declared 11 allied merchantmen totaling 74000 tons and 2 destroyers had been sunk by German submarines The broadcast which is without allied confirmation declared this brought the total of October sink LOSSES AT SCHWEINFUKT President Koosovett said that while the loss of BO heavy bomb ers in a raid on Schwcinlurl Ger many was very heavy he saw little chance thai losses over an extended period would exceed ad ditions to the air force The commanderinchief lold a pressradio conference he wasnt worried about it We could not afford to lose 60 bombers every day he said and we arc not doing so While nearly 100 enemy fight ers were shot down the presi dent commented they arc not the cut in manpower to 60 s because they are smaller and cheaper to build and take less time On the credit side of the pic ture Mr Roosevelt said a veop large industrial planl or plants probably was put out of commis sion thereby retarding the ene mys production of munitions London reported Friday pho tographs revealed the ballbearing factory at Schweinfurt was ob literated by the raid WILL OPPOSE EFFORT FOR RUBBER TARIFF President Roosevelt advocated lhat in the postwar world any effort to impose a high tariff on natural rubber be opposed in order to assure cheap and plenti ful tires for American cars This view he lold a press radio conference had been ex pressed in exchanging toasts Thursday night at a stag dinne given at the white house for President Lcscot of Haiti Mr Roosevelt sairl at the dii w HI me ain foi mailing Christmas gilts to ncr thai he hoped that when I army servicemen overseas is out of the while house the mght rriday mght I congress wont put the kind of Report Brozovich Has Had Parleys in Cairo London Josip Tito Brozovich leader of Jugoslav partisan armies has for important talks with British possibly io plan an eventual allied Balkan private advices said Friday Germany and Japan Protest Portugal Action London German and Japanese governments Friday an nounced protests to Portugal against the granting of Azores bases to Britain The axis nations contended that Portugal had vio lated her neutral status Berlin and Tokyo brondcaits told of the protests Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Continued cool Fri day afternoon slightly cooler Friday night lowest tempera ture 27 at Mason City warmer by Saturday noon Iowa Continued cold Friday night slowly rising temperature Saturday forenoon Minnesota Continued cold in south and east portions not so cold in northwest portions Friday night Not so cold Saturday forenoon except in extreme southeast portion IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather stalistics Maximum Thursday 38 Minimum Thursday night 32 At 8 a m Friday 31 Snow flurries were observer Thursday afternoon and Friday morning YKAR AGO Maximum 7n Minimum 34 GAINS MADE ON VOLTURNO LINE BY FIFTH ARMY Nazis Put Up Fierce Resistance But Cant Stop Clark Forces Allied Headquarters 5th army aided by a leapfrog landing behind enemy lines has jent the Gelmans reeling back 2 io 5 miles from the Volturno river line all the way from the west poast to the Apennine mountains it was announced Friday American storm troops struck out from bridgeheads above Capua 17 miles inland from the sea and seized dominating heights to the lortheast protecting the allied flank and enabling allied engi neers to throw pontoon bridges across the turbulent Voliurno Across these bridges and over ferryboats poured a ceaseless stream of tanks tankdestroy ers BUIIS shells and other sup plies to buttress the Sih armys attack that was moving relent lessly northward toward Rome now less than 95 miles away The Germans put up fierce re sistance and in some sectors coun terattacked but nowhere were they able to hold Lt Gen Mark W Clarks forces Front reports indicated that the enemys Vol turno line had cracked American artillery on the heights northeast of Capua was pouring down a murderous bar rage of shells on the Germans on the plains below and it was evi dent that a further enemy with drawal was imminent A naval communique revelled that British naval landing craft in the Tyrrhenian sea had put roops ashore in the enemy rear north of the Volturno in the darkness early Wednesday while the bulk of the 5lh assaulting line from the south Fighting their way inland along the line of a canal the newly landed troops made contact with a 5th army bridgehead and dug in to await the order for the next move forward The British destroyers Laforey and Lookout and the Dutch Gun boat Florcs supported the landing with a heavy bombardment Official reports emphasized that while there was no fullscale withdrawal by the Germans the allies are slowly pushing them back along the road towards Rome Rain that ceased on the night of the 5th arrays attack on the Vol turno line resumed again Thurs day and impeded progress some what especially for the tanks that make up a large proportion of Clarks forces The renewed rains threatened to widen the Volturno again but the 5th armys bridgeheads now were established in con siderable force While the river averages 300 feet in width from Capua 17 miles to the coast it is only 4 feet deep at many points east of Capua and troops were wading across to the north bank Numerous pockets of enemy re tiriff uii rubber for American automobile tires just to keep some synthetic plants going The president said that would mean every man in the United States who owned a car would have to pay 50 per cent more Tor his rubber UNIFIED POSTWAR PLANS TO BE DEVELOPFD President Roosevelt said that problems of war and postwar adjustment arc under considera tion and that unified programs and policies for government agen cies will be developed A new unit dealing the problem has been set up in the war mobilization otfice headed bv 1 James F Byrnes CROSS VOLTURXO The al lied 5th army has crossed Volturno river in Italy arrow and established several bridge heads on the north bank of the stream In the central area allies captured Vinchiaturo and Guzr dia increasing Hanking threat to the upper Voliurno The between dotted line and solid line indicates advances in Zt hours
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