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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - October 14, 1943, Mason City, Iowa r HI STORY AND ARCHIVES oMORtiftMQWlfcS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME VOL L THE NEWSPAPER THAT Associated Ptta and United Press Full Leioed Five Cents a Copyt MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY OCTOBEK 14 1913 MAKES ALL NORTH tOWANS NEIGHBORS 5TH ARM Y CRACKS VOLTURNO LINES FLEET ATTACKS MacArthur Believes Back of Powerful Nippon Base Broken By C YATES McDAMEL Allied Headquarters in the Southwest Pacific if General MacArthur threw every bomber and fighter plane he could risk in a gigantic smash Tuesday at Japans key seaair bastion ot Ra baul on Britain and the re sultantdevastation prompted the conservative general to say I think we have broken its back The raid by the biggest air armada ever amassed in this area marks the turning point in the war in the South Pacific declared the airforce comman der Lt Gen George C Kenney The farreaching may speed the unhinging of the whole perimeter oE defenses an chored to i Destruction or severe damage of 177 enemy planes an estimated BO per cent of the airforce on Ra bauls airdromes Sinking of at least 17600 tons of shipsi including 3 destroyers and 3 merchant ships as well as 43 small seagoing cargo vessels and 70 harbor craft Severe damaging of a subma rine its 3000 ton tender a 6800 ton destroyer tender and a 7000 ton cargo ship Wrecking and firing of wharves and waterfront installations at Simpson Harbor one the finest in world These accomplishmentscost the allies 5 planes butot pating hundreds the bulk of which were Americans The raid ersexpended 350 tons of bombs MacArthur Blow Was Crushing and Effective Defeat Allied Headquarters In The Southwest Pacific IP Gen Douglas MacArthur strode Sun day into the airforce battle op eration room in Xew Guinea and in a calm voice made a dis closure which had the explosive qualities of a bomb I have concentrated all avail able planes to smash Rabaul he told hastily assembled war correspondents If God stays wiih me I may get some remarkable results Thursday General MacArthur walked back into the operation room and issued this statement It was a crushing and effec tive defeat for the enemy at a most vital point Once more surprise was predominant Ra baul has been the focus and very hub of the enemys main advanced air effort I think we have broken its back Almishty God blessed our arms 25 tons more than the bomb load dropped last week on Wake is land and more than 250000 rounds of ammunition Escorted over Rabaul for the 1st time in the war by fighters the liberators and Mitchells struck bv daylight at a base so bristling with defenses that heretofore at tacks were made under cover of darkness But that was before MacArthur acquired forward air bases on islands north of New Guinea The sharp scaling down of Rabauls striking power fol lowed a series of heavy raids since midAugust which have destroyed approximately 500 enemy planes at Wewak New Guinea The overall strategy in ihis was pointed out in Thursdays com munique Recently we crushed the right wing of his Japans air com mand at Wewak This time our objective was his left wing at Ra baul The division of his air forces into 2 great groups based upon Wewak and Rabaul has made it possible to use our main mass against first one flank then the other thus aqtnring in each case superiority ot force at the point of combat and destroying his force in detail The Japanese were so com pletely surprised at Rabaul that they got only 40 fighters in the air of which 26 were downed Lowflying Mitchells raked 151 grounded bombers and fighters while the fighterprotected liber ators went after shipping One immediate result of he raid General MacArlhur said is to give the allies mastery of Blast in Raid on Rabaul 6SHIPSSUNKAS BIG ALLIED AIR HOW TIMES HAVE CHANGEDSuch disrespect as shown above for fascist officers never would have been possible before a few weeks ago Civilians are shown mob bing the automobile tarrying 3 fascist Italian generals to city hall after their capture by allied forces The generals continued to work with the Germans after Italys capitula tion commanding Naples defense forces and the Neapoli tans had to be restrained by carabinieri from killing them the air over the Solomons seas anrl ariiaf I and adjacent waters Rabaul is protected to the south by only the big Solomons island of Bougainville now that Japan has been ousted from the central Solomons communique annoupced itjje JgruiSiing ot or Lavella with 200 Japanese slain in final operations Bougainville itself underwent new allied at tacks in which 21 Japanese planes were shot down at a cost ot 3 American raiders Vatican City Placards Proclaim Neutrality Stockholm walls sur rounding the vatkan are dotted with placards proclaiming the Holy Sees neutrality a Berlin dispatch lo Svenska Dagbladet said Thursday The placards are signed by the German commander in Rome FORECAST NORTH IOWA FREEZE ONLY 6 SUMMONSES New York ino torists are sorry that Patrolman Thomas P Glennen is retiring During the 27 years he directed traffic at Lafayette and Houston streets he handed out only 6 sum monses for traffic violations Spencer Lowest in Iowa Des Moines heal and warmer clothing were in order for Iowa Thursday and the weather bureau forecast freezing weather in the north central por tion and near freezing temper ature in the remainder of the state for Thursday night The temperature hit a high for j the state of only 65 degrees at i Burlington and Davenport Wed nesday compared with readings in the eighties recently The min imum dropped to 30 degrees at Spencer Thursday and Charles City reported a heavy frost Precipitation although light was reported at Fort Dodge Spencer Charles City Dubuque Mason City Cedar Rapids Dav enport and Des Moines When buying a pack of cigarets contribute 5c to Cigarets for Servicemen to buy pack for t man in service overseas Bryansk o OOrel ft forces are closing in on ln the US SR after establishing IhP riv DniePel both above and below i In i aS Jndlcated nwp Farther north soviet hm r r Vitebsk and had entered the suburbs of Gomel both rail centers ROSS CAPTURE Wil1 Promise flC A OTV UA7I Second W 4 HIT NAZI Front in 44 BASES IS NEAR Fierce Battles Are Raging Near Kiev Reds in Melitopol Streets London divisions of German troops were being lushed to Kiev by the German high com mand in an effort to fend off the Russian drive against the flaming city long enough to evacuate nazi troops and equipment a Reuters dispatch from Moscow said Thurs day The dispatch asserted that fight ing about the Ukranian capital is n to Uiet the bloodiest since the battles of about Orel and Belgorod last summer Uith the capitulation of Kiev apparently inevitable the fall of 3 other major German de fense bases on the Russian front Zaporozhe and Go appeared imminent as red army forces tore new saps in wavering nazt defenses A soviet communique broadcast from Moscow said Russian troops already were fighting in the streets of Melitopol and were bat tling the Germans on the out skirts o the other 3 Capture of all 4 cities would jeopardize the whole German position in Russia and might force a gigantic with drawal oE the nazi armies to sec ondarydefense lines many miles to the west Soviet troops breaching for midable German defenses in the south Ukraine forced the Mo loch na river and surged into the very center of Melitopol in the face pi desperateresistance on the soviet bulletin The city is on one of 2 es cape railways open to the Ger man Rarrisons in he Crimea Its capture would be a mile stone in Ihe Russian drive lo isolate he Crimea from he north The drive for Melitopol began 4 days ago Red army vanguards broke through 2 lines of antitank traps on the eastern bank of the Molochna the Russians said forced a passage of the river and blasted their way on through a ttide nest of blockhouses pill boxes and communication trenches to smash into the city from the north and south The Russians counted 4000 Ger man dead in their initialdrive on the city A 4day battle to the north of Melitopol was said to have brought soviet advance columns to within 5 miles of Zaporozhe on the south ern end of the Dnieper river bend Thirty enemy strongpoints were shattered several thousand Ger mans killed and stores of war ma terial were captured in this drive Moscow declared This advance also threatens Dniepropetrovsk Dnieper river power city further north In the battle of Kiev Moscow said the Russians were fightinc less than 2 miles from Kiev proper Parts of Ihe city were reported in flames a possible hint that the enemy already had began its destruction prepara tory to retreat The Moscow communique de tailed advances south ot Kiev on the west bank of the Dnieper that reached 5 miles further inland in the face of bitter German counter attacks Here more than 2000 nazis were reported slain A front line dispatch lo the Moscow government newspaper Izvestia said We can see the steeples of Kiev Pechera Lavra biggest and oldest of Russian Monasteries and the big building of the council of the peoples commisars of the Ukraine Rain and mud failed to halt ie red army columns pounding the defenses of Gomel in White Rus sia The Russians said ihcy had hauled their big guns through al most impassable roads to the im mediate vicinity of Gomel and shattered German lines outside the city Soviet spearheads forced the bozh river near where it flows through the center of the city and Thursday were said to be mount ing a final assault against this im portant base of the German North Russian defense system Comet Stolen From Blind Iowa Musician Des Moines Gros venor blind musician from Kel logg Iowa told police his prized cornet was stolen Wednesday night from a parked car By L1XE C WtLSOX Washington United States and Great Britain are ex pected at the foreign ministers conference in Moscow to offer Ihej soviet union assurances of a SCL one front not later than the earlv spring of 1944 If that satisfies the Russians the conference cart proceed quick ly to other matters One of them doubtless will be the question of AngloAmerican military observers going to the RussoGerman front American military men repeatedly have re gretted Russian refusal to let them get a closeup of German battle tactics Further it is stated the Russians have been reluctant even to pass on to allied chiefs of staff information about German bat tle tactics and strategy It Secretary of State Cordell Hull and British Foreign Minister Anthony Eden raise the question of allied military observers with Foreign Commissar V M Molo tov the Russians will point out that there are a great many Japa nese military officers in Moscow The Russians will inquire how they could permit allied men at the front without also in viting the Japanese The serinofficial Moscow news paper Pravda communist party organ said Wednesday Russian P o s tw a r territorial boundaries could not be discussed at the min isters conference If neither Hull nor Eden presses for discussion the question of Russiati border states and especially Poland is likely to become a subject considerable political dispute in this country Nazi Magazines Tell London military magazines are displaying for he 1st time the Berlin radio raid Thursday pictures of a giant new nazi glider known as the BO240 and capable of carrying troops in v lumbers layman unimaginable to the OBSERVE 100TH YEAR Des Afoines The 1200 Iowa members of Bnai Brith Jewish service organization this week are observing the looili an niversary of the founding of the order Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Continued cool Thursday afternoon slightly cooler Thursday night with heavy frost or freeze Lowest temperature at Mason City 28 Iowa Continued cold Thursday and Friday forenoon heavy frost Thursday night and Fri day night freezing temperature in the north portion and near freezing in the south portion Thursday night Shippers pre pare for the follQuing inintnmn temperatures Thursday night northwest 25 northeast 2R southwest 28 jfl Charles City open country Minnesota Continued cold Thurs day night and Friday forenoon Diminishing winds Freezing temperature south Below freez ing north portion Thursday night IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Wednesday 55 Minimum Wednesday night 32 At 8 a m Thursday 37 Rain Wednesday 08 inch YEAR AGO Maximum 71 Minimum JR ADVANCE IN CENTRAL the capture of San Croce Riccia and Bonefro the front solid line in central Italy moved forward Along the flooded Volturno river small an artillery duel was in progress Loss of 2 U S Destroyers in Mediterranean Is Revealed Unsuccessful Nippoti Bombing Raid on Attu Disclosed by Navy Washington Loss of 2 American destroyers in the Med iterranean was reported Thursday by the navy in a communique which also told of an unsucccss ful Japanese bombing raid on Atlii island in the Aleutians The destroyers the Buck and Bristol both sank as a result of underwater explosions the navy said The Buck a 1500ton ship went down off Salerno Oct 9 and the Bristol a 1700ton ves sel was sunk Wednesday The navy said casualty details had not been received and that next of kin of all casualties will be otifiedirnmediatelvupoivrre ceipt of information The bombing raid on Altu tak en from the Javanese late in May was the 1st carried out since American occupation of that little island on Ihe tip of the Aleutians chain Ten Japanese bombers flew high over Massacre Bay at a great height the navy reported Their bombs were dropped without causing damage American fighting pilots flew up to intercept the bombers and they were driven off No planes were shot down in the ment The Japanese bombers pre sumably came from the enemy base on Paramushiru at the northern end of the Kurile is land chain of which Japan is a part It is assumed that the unsuc cessful bombing assault was an attempt to halt American attacks on the Paramushiru base largest Japanese installation in the North Pacific which has been hit on various occasions by American bomheis Hying over the 630 nau ticalr Ltjss of the 2 destroyers each of which carried approximately 250 officers and men broughtto 122 the number of naval craft lost since the war started The Buck was placed in service m May 1940 and the Bristol in October 1941 JAPS SWARM TO RESCUE BOATS Scores Are Captured by 4 U S PT Boats KEMBEKT JAMES A Xew By XI S Torpedo Boat Base Georgia Solomon Islands Oct of the largest group of Japanese naval personnel ever taken out of the water as prisoners in this war was described by American naval officers who said the hardest part of their job was in keeping the enemy from swarming into rescue boats faster than they could be handled If you think the Japanese never surrender you shouldhave seen tliese said a PT section leader who directed the rescue Lt J G R E Kersey Mont el air rsr J Several scores of Japanese were captured by 4 RT boats The Japa nese were survivors of the Vella gulf naval battle on the night of Oct 10 when American destroy ers sank one enemy cruiser and two destroyers It was about p m the day after the battle and we were cruising Vella gulf when we saw the men in the water said Lieu tenant Kercsey When we got near we saw they were Japs None had life belts all were clinging to boat oars or other floating debris When we 1st offered to pick up some a few started swimming away but came after this 1st display they back lo our boats One ot apparently m officer had given a signal and they were willing to be rescued The ease we had in picking them up surprising Ensign Gene Foncanon former Kansas Stale university track star and a PT boat commander FURIOUS NIGHT ATTACKS OVER RIVER SUCCEED Establish Bridgeheads Over Most Formidable Obstacle on Rome Path By NORLAND NORGAARD Allied Headquarters American and British troops swarming across the steepbanked Voltuinp river in a resumption of their drive on Rome have cracked German defenses in a furious night attack and established sev eral strongbridgeheads on the north side or that greatest ob stacle in their path toward Home allied headquarters announced Thursday The troops of Lt Geu Mark W Clarks army unleashed the mighty offensive Tues day niffht They had the sup port of a thundering artillery barrage which tore German de fenses lo shreds and the aid of powerful air armadas which swept the area unchallenged and pinned to earth the tanks and guns which the enemy at tempted to hurt lo counterattack Held motionless by several days of rains which had swelled the 100 to VQO yardwide Volturno to a toncut and bogged down his vehicles General Clark took ad vantage subsiding floods and drying ground to send his war riors into battle with the words them hard atter the Ger mans had attempted to throw the projected offensive off balance by a desperate attack their own against Capua on the south side of ihe river The allied troops did hit them hard Flunkingacross the stream in the face of a lashing hurri cane ot steel from German ma chineguns mortars rifles and concentrations of artillery Gen eral Clarks troops swam and crossed the barrier in assault boats and amphibious trucks and speedily established their bridgeheads They were quickly reinforced by American tanks which rolled across bridges hastily constructed by combat engineers under fire Reports from the front Thursday said allied armor was fanning out in all directions and threatening to isolate German forces on cither side All through the night and all day Wednesday the battle of the bridgeheads raged with the Ger mans rushing reinforcements from the home area in an effort to beat back the attack Seven German divisions were strung across Italy weiu Hirunc acros stripped the Japanese of all their to withstand the onslaught clothes and liecl hem up in lar paulin like sausage with only their heads slicking out in order to be sure no escapes would be at tempted THREAT MADE TO PORTUGAL Nazis Claim Breach of Neutrality in Azores London German broad cast said Thursday that Portugal may be forced to suffer the con sequences of a deliberate breach of neutrality as result of her trans fer of air and sea bases in the Azores to the allies The broadcast made by he German Trnnsocean agency said that the controlled nazi press was veering to the belief hat Portu gal intentionally had broken her neutrality Previously the German view had been that the allies blackmailed Portugal into relin quishing the bases Find Rasters Arsenal Max Studer agent of the state bureau of investigation and other law enforcing officers who par ticipated in the gun battle with Stanley Kasler south of Ventura 10 days ago admitted Thursday their good fortune in coming through the melee unscathed One ot them admitted that his scalp prickled when he examined the cache of ammunition and equipment belonging to the ad mitted murderer which Studer uncovered Thursday morning near the Kasteicottage Clear Lakes south shore from which the hunted man was flushed just before midnight The officer remembered the calm declaration by Kasler after hjs capture that it he had reached Blankets Unionalls army jacket underwear and an his ammunition unhurt not one including jimmy bars and forceps of hts hunters would have been Fishing equipment alive at daylight None of the of Several cans of fruits and vcge ficers expressed doubt that one or tables more of them would have been bushwacked for thehuntcd man is a skilled woodsman In an abandoned garage near the Kaster home the state agent found a knapsack weighing 30 pounds and including the follow ing items Thirtyfour shotgun shells loaded with B buckshot Five shotgun shells loaded with rifle slugs which officers esti mated would have given the shot gun a rang of more than 100 yards A complete set of burglar tools Playing cards Shaving equipment and mirror Candles The Janesville Iowa man who has admitted the shooting of a public utilities guard at Waverly last month had returned recently from the Columbia river district in northwestern United States where he had been living in the woods much of the time since he was released from the state re formatory in January 1940 alter serving a term for car theft Simultaneously the allied forces lo the northeast put new impetus into their wheeling at tack threatening the German flank They rushed forward in a hard battle and captured Guardia 14 miles northwest of Benevento and 6 miles nortb west of Ponte Guardia Is only miles east of ihe Volturno and about 4 miles north of the Calore Gen Sir Bernard L Montgom ery s 8lh army still further to tlie northeast pushed ahead for a gain of 7 miles from fticca near the center of the line and oc cupied the town of Gildone This march brought the 8th army within G miles of 1he im portant mountain road center of Campobaso and opened a threat lo the even more important com munications point of Vinchiaturo 6 miles southwest of Campobasso Meanwhile in the continued air offensive against the Balkans al lied air forces bomber Tirana the capital of Albania for the first tune striking from newlywon Italian bases Apparently aware of the con centration of American and British forces preparing for the blow the Germans had at tempted lo strike first and launched a sharp attack in the Capua area Some German detachment managed to cross the river and gain a brief foothold on the edges ot the town controlling the main road to Rome But Clark and hi seasoned war riors were ready and drove back every German unit which had crossed to the south bank and then launched their own heavy offen sive at many points both east and west of Capua The Germans fought back fiercely and covered lhe routes of approach to their positions with machinegun mortar and rifle fire and a heavy concentration of shells from their bigger guns back in the hills But the allied troops battled across the 100 to riv by swimroint Mote in assault boats and in amphibious trucks The German communique an nouncing that strong Bphwh
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