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Mason City Globe Gazette: Wednesday, October 13, 1943 - Page 1

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   Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - October 13, 1943, Mason City, Iowa                             OF HISTORY AND ARCHIVES DES UOI HES IA NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT VOL L MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS Associated Press and United Full Leased Win Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY OCTOBER 13 1943 Tills Paper Consists of Two ITALY DECLARES WAR ON NAZIS Allied Spearhead Outflanks VWtarno Badoglio Says Nation TAKE TOWNS IN CENTRAL ITALY WITH ADVANCES 8th Army Smashes On From Termoli Duel by Artillery Is Continued Allied Headquarters Algiers down powerful en emy positions in central Italy al lied troops have punched 9 miles northeast of Pontelandolfo to seize San Crocc while the 8lh army advancing along its entire front captured Riceia and Bone fro official front line dispatches announced Wednesday The plunge to San Crocc sent deeper northward the spear head outflanking the strong German Volturno river line Although this dispatch did not identify them 5th army troops apparently took San Croce Riccia seized by the British is only 8 miles northeast of San Croce Along the Adriatic coastal Gen Sir Bernard L Mont gomerys troops smashed 4 Irniles ahead beyond Termoli against strong German resistance Bonefro 20 miles southwest ot Termoli and 5 miles northwest of Britishheld CoHetorto was cap tured alter exceptionally sharp fighting Southwest o CoHetorto patrols of Montgomerys British Cana diahandiljjdian troops penetrated 6 miles to thevillage of Santa Ella Along the Volturno river line a tremendous artillery duel raged with British and Ameri can artillery of the 5th army hurling hundreds of shells r cross the flooded stream Tile nazis are reported to have brought up strong artillery unils also and front dispatches indi cated their lines on the rivers north bank are being strength ened against LtGen Mark W Clarks expected assault There was no report of any fresh gains anywhere along the Volturno front and nothing to indicate whether allied patrols were succeeding in penetrating to the north bank to test the enemys strength The breakthrough on the cen tral front which brought new threats of eventual flanking movements from the east against the Volturno line also resulted in recapture of the towns of Cercello Colle and Celtelpagano On the 8th army front from the Adriatic south to the moun tainous backbone of central Italy allied gains were feneral while enemy opposition was un even At some points British patrols forged ahead against only mild resistance hut the Germans fought back desperate ly elsewhere Possibility that the Germans are rushing heavy reinforcements to the Adriatic battlefront was seen in an air force announce ment that allied fighterbombers had scored many hits on a train loaded with motor transports on the rail line between Pescara and Termoli it ANNUNZIATAA British tank moves forard thiough the battered square of Torre Annunziata Italy during the advance toward Naples Thunderbolts Prove Value Over Wewak Allied Headquarters in the Southwest Pacific a p a ns badly mauledNew Guinea air reckon with a new P47 thun derbolt Gen Douglas aiacArthurs headquarters disclosed Wed nesday that 4 of these new fiffhters piled into 22 Japanese f ichters over Wewak New Guinea Monday and sent at j least 8 dovn to join the ap proximately 500 enemy aircraft which have been wiped out there since midAugust Two others may have gone down The tour thunderbolts were un scathed One thunderbolt pilot Col V E Kearby 32 ot Dallas and San Antonio Tex got 5 Japanese planes to become an ace in a single engagement He also goi credit for the probables And he carried a record ot three clowned enemy planes into the battle Survivors of the big enemy lighter formation which was escorting 12 bombers broke off the engagement But the Japanese airforce got in some licks elsewhere The communique said the enemy raided Guadalcanal on an un specified date and caused dam age to American shipping in those Solomon waters Other enemy Planes struck three times at Gen eral MacArthurs newly acquired air base ot Lae New Guinea In ground flghtingr headquar ters said that Australians moi ping up northwest of captured Argentina Diplomatic Break With Axis Is Reported Imminent Rip De Janeiro Ar gentine diplomatic break with the axis that would close the entire western hemisphere to enemy list ening posts was reported immi nent Wednesday An unimpeachable diplomatic source told the United Press lhat preliminary steps leading toward the break already have been com pleted and that the formal sever ance of relations probably will be announced within the next 2 weeks The return of American Ambas sador Norman Armour to Buenos Aires End Adrian Escobars ap pointment as Argentine envoy to Washington were linked by this source to the impending break One immediate consequence of the move this source said is like ly to be American financial aid to Argentina in some form that correct certain unfavorable balances in Argentinas foreign trade The diplomatic break will be based simply on Argentinas ad herence to the panAmerican soli darity agreement it was slated Finschhafen had killed 400 Japanese Other Aussies mov alonp the Kanm valley against the enemy coastal base of Madangr continued to oust the enemy from outpost posi tions ou high ground Other allied air blows reported in the communique included strikes in the Solomons against concentrations of barges around ChoiseuV It was to Choiseul t ha V the Japanese of their troops through a seaair blockade from file central Solomons ThoseJapa nese now may be trying to ret out of Choiseul by barge to Bou gainville Gun positionson south Bougainville also were raided Headquarters reported that an allied reconnaissance bomber at tacked a sixship convoyoff New Ireland Monday and hit one ship In Washington Tuesday Pres ident Roosevelt said an average of tons of Japanese shipping has been sunk every month for the last six months principally by submarines Paternity Suit Brought Against Erroi Flynn Hollywood Evans Nassau 21 year old blond Wed nesday named Screen Star Errol Flynn as thefather of her 3 year old daughter and filed a paternity suit for 518750 against the actor in superior court YOUTH DISAPPEARS Sioux City Davis 14 223 pound youth who often said he felt like a giant among his junior high school companions left home Sept 10 and has not been seen since Mis mother said Me liad talked of trying to join the navy PARATROOPERS States paratroopers who reinforced Ranger battalions at Chiunzi Pass which leads down the plains of Naples Italy pause for a vest be fore their cavelike foxholes during a lull in the tightinsr wills the Germans WATSON WILL BACK JOHNSTON Reports GOP PostWat Policy Group Inactive Chicago A Wal MnL NatiqrialliChairman of the Republican Post vvar ciation declared the organization Wednesday and said he personally would support Erii Johnston of Spokane Wash president of the Chamber of Com merco of lie United States fo the republican nomination foi president Watson whose organization has advocated International coopera tion with a council of nations and a world police force sairt lie had declared the association inactive because we have attained our principal objectives He said the action was taken thai individual members could support various presidential can didates The associations charter will be retained Watson said so that its activities can be resumed at any lime In a telegram to Johnston Wat son said in part I have made a careful survey all over the country and I am con vinced that you are the man the republican party should nominate and elect as our next president x x x I have contacted scores of republican leaders throughout the country and they approve 100 per cent You can win the nomination and election1 WONT DISCUSS RED FRONTIERS Mostmi the first an nouncement here that the tri power conference would be held in Moscow the communist parti organ Piavda let the World know Wednesday the Russians do not intend lo discuss frontiers or the status of the Baltics declaring firmly that the second front and complete defeat of Hitler is the question before the meeting was believed in Washington London and elsewhere that Secre tary of State Cordell Hull would be the U S representative at the conference L o n d o n has an nounced that Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden would head the British delegation It should be known to evci v Pravda said that the bor dcrs of Ihe soviet union could no more serve as a subject of dis cussion than for instance the borders of the United States or the status of California In an editorial Pravda also re plied and commented on some conjectures appearing in the for eign press whichstated that po litical questions would be upper most on the agenda when the for eign secretaries shortly sit down across the conference table in Moscow The New York and many other American papers say political and not military ques tions will be the main item before the conference particularly ques tions regarding the poslwar or ganization of Europe said the editorial These papers forget at the present moment the main lash of Uie uniicd nations is to hasten the advent of the postwar period more Russians 2 Miles From Base at Kiev BULLETIN London UB The Berlin radio reported Wednesday that Russia had launched a great offensive on a 200mile central front and signs in creased that he Red army was squaring oft for an attempt to wrest the Crimea1 from nazi hands Nazi broadcasts reported an attempted soviet landing in the Yalta area of the South Crimea and Moscow dispatches told of Red army artillery shellinc Kerch coastal town tipping the peninsula of the same name comprising the east ern Crimea Moscow Red army has driven within miles of Kiev great German bastion on ihe Dnieper river the newspaper Izvostin announced Wednesday Kiev is ahead a front linedis patch said We can see the steeples ot Kiev Pechera Lavra biggest and oldestof Russian monasteries and the big build ing or the council of the peoples commissars of the Ukraine It declared that the German us on so many other occasions had laid the torch to the citys suburbs arid damaged Kiev it seir also Numerous disasters were caused by the Germans in the city Izvcslia said KEPOKT GERMANS ARE EVACUATING GOMEL I New York SjThe Germans rGpjueJ the White Hussiaii fortress tfTe British Broadcasting corporation said Wednesday in a broadcast re corded by CBS REDS OPEX POWER ATTACK NORTH OFKIEV London the German air force reported definitely on j the defensive over the vast Rus ian front soviet armies were iteadily developing their ever widening brie g e he ads on the west banks of the Dnieper river Wednesday and have according to Berlin launched a new power irive north of the key city of Kiev capital ot the Ukraine The Russian army newspaper Red Star reported the abandon ment of aerial offensive tactics by he nazis The newspapers military ex pert Lt Col Nikolai Denisov said the initiative had passed to soviet airrAen and described the situation as a radical change from the car Jier days of the campaign when the Germans were blockading Russian frontline airdromes at will boinbing air bases and sweep ing the skies over the Russian front with huge formations of fighter planes Terrific bomber losses suffered by the Germans in ahbattles over Orel Belgorod and Kharkov ami the steady deterioration of enemy fighter strength combined In wipe out nazi air superiority according to Denisov and now the Germans have turned from mass operations to patroling sorties with restricted bombing missions carried out at dawn or dusk SENATE GROUP DRAWS FOREIGN POLICY PLEDGE Subcommittee Would Have U S Join in World Authority Washington senate for eign relations subcommittee ap proved 7 to 1 Wednesday a post war foreign policy declaration which would pledge the United States 10 join with free and sovereign nations in the establish ment and maintenance of inter national authority with power to prevent aggression and to pre serve the peace of the world The resolution voted over the opposition of Senator LaFol lette goes to the full committee next week Chairman Connally predicted the full committee approve it soon and ex pressed the opinion that the senate also would concur LaFollettes opposition to the measure was presented bv Sen ator Vandenberg in Ihe absence of the Wisconsin senator ill in a Madison liospilal LaFol lette had sent instructions tovote his name against any resolution al this time The resolution which represents a compromise in viewpoints is as follows Resolved by the senate of the United Slates That all oii enemies be waged until complete victory is achieved That the United States coop crate with its comradesinarms in securing a just and honorable peace the United States act ing through its constitutional pro cesses join with free and sov ereign nations in he establish meat and maintenance of inter national authority with power to prevent aggression and to pre serve the peace of the world Those who voted for the rcso lution were Senators Comiallv George D Bnrkley D Thomas D Gillette CD Vandenberg anc White R Barkley old reporters he thoushl the proposal was very constructive brief and to the point adding hat in his opin ion it will meet with the gen eral approval of the country Connally summed up his views like this The resolution is the best pos sible action thnt could be secured Unity and harmony are vital i the senate is to pass a resolutioi by a substantial majority Co operation conciliation and ac Must March Forward Allied Friends Weather Report FORECAST Iowa Light rain ending northeast portion early Wednesday after noon Cooler Wednesday after noon much cooler Wednesday night continued cool Thursday forenoon winds 25 to 35 miles nn hour Wednesday afternoon diminishing rapidly Wednesday night light frost west portion Wednesday night heavy frost entire stale Thursday night Mason Ciljr Occasional showers and cooler Wednesday after noon Cooler Wednesday night Continued cool Thursday fore noon Wind 30 lo 40 miles nn hour diminishing Irte Wednes day night Minncsola Cooler Wednesday night Much cooler in cast por tion Freezing temperature in northwest Heavy frost in south west portion Wednesday night Winds 25 to 35 MPH Wednes day afternoon diminishing Wed nesday night IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Tuesday 66 Minimum Tuesday night S3 Al H a m Wednesday 4 At n a in Wednesday 4R Wednesday 43 30 inch The resolution is substantia D Eisenhouer allied ommander it the Mediter theater In his message to the general Badoglio said that by this act ail lies with the dreadful past are broken and my government will be proud to be able to march with you on to the in evitable victory In a joint statement released by Washington Eoosevelt Prime Minister hurchill and Premier Stalin announced Wednesday that ttaly had declared war against Germany The white house said Marshal Badoglio had communicated Italys declaration against her former axis partner to Gen Italys About Face Recalls World War I By AUSTINEEALSIEAR Associated Press Foreign Staff In declaring war on her former axis partner Germany J t a 1 y Wednesday completed an about face which almost duplicates the course she followed in World war I Her sland al Ihe side of Ger many in the present war ended Sept g when Gen Dwight D Eisenhower announced the un conditional surrender of the Eoverjiment of Premier Pietro Badtglio Actually Ihe a r in i s I i c e signed on Sept 3 the day allied troops invaded the Italian main land after their 38day conquest of Sicily Italy was an axis partner for 3 years 2 months and 29 days Benito Mussolinis forces attacked a prostrate France on Tune 10 1940 in the hope of winning some cheaply gained loot Since her surrender she has given the allies some help in the form of organized resistance to German occupation ordered by the Badoglio a valuable prize in the Italian fleet but Wednesdays action places hei once more in the position of turn ing formally against a power with which she had been allied When the first World war be gan Italy had a triple alliance with Germany and Austria She declared however lhat the pact did nol call for participation in aggressive action and declined to take up arms She remained neutral for 10 months then came into Ihe war on I lie side of the allies and par ticipated as 1 of ttia biR four in Ihe treaty of Versailles Jlal3s part in the present war has been filled with defeats and increasing German domination Theoretically an equal partner of the axis at the outbreak of the war she found herself at the time of the allied invasion of the main land reduced to German vassalage the while house Mr Roosevelt Churchill and Stalin accepted the active cooperation of the Kalian nation and armed forces as a cobelligerent in the war against Germany Italy thus turned against her former partner a little more than a month after her armistice with the allied powers In a proclamation to the Italian people Badoglio said that shoulder lo shoulder we must inarch forward with our friends of the United States of Great Britain of Russia and of all the other united nations Badosrlio said an Italian gov ernment headed by himself would be completed shortly and that representatives of every political party would be in vited to participate so that it may constitute a true expres sion of democratic government The present arrangement will in no way impair1 the uritran meled right of the people of Italy to choose their own form of dem ocratic government when peace is restored the marsiiall said Italians 1 inform you that his majesty the king lias given me the task of announcing today the 13th day of October the declara tion of war against Germany The British Soviet and Ameri can governments acknowledged the Italian pledge to submit to the will ot the Italian people al ter the nazis have been driven from their homeland Mr Roosevelt Churchill and Stalin said it was understood thai nothing can detract from the absolute ana untrammclcd riKhl of the people of Italy by constitutional means lo decide on tlic democratic form of gov ernmcnl Ihcy will eventually have But in a joint statement they added that the relationship of co belligerency of itself could not and the object of German scorn effect the armistice terms which Iho Italian government may be ti nun ioricniailon aim SC iiuamtui LIUUI mu L tuuil 01 cnmniodation of views had to lake early 1000000 Italian prisoners place in order to arrive at some thing on which nil could stand At 2 p m Rain YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 70 38 advance toward international co operation and the establishment of pence machinery In the form voted by the sub committee the resolution differed both in wording and in form from the Fulbright lasting peace reso lution adopted by the house It was a simple senate resolution which would not require action by the house as in the case of the Fulbright proposal which read Resolved by the house ot rep resentatives the senate concur ring that the congress hereby expresses itself as favoring the creation of appropriate interna tional machinery with power adc quate to establish and to main tain a just and lasting peace I among the nations of the world i and as favoring participation by I the United States therein through j its constitutional Connally declined lo comment on the subcommittees reasons for offering a resolution on which the senate alone would act Other senators notably Gil lette have contended that any foreign policy declaration is a matter for the senate alone be cause of its constitutional man date to advise and consent lo treaties There seemed no doubt repub licans led by Vandenberg had forced some revisions in the orig inal Connally draft of the resolu tion which called for the use of economic military and naval sanctions to enforce the peace if arbitration and negotiation ef forts failed When Vandenberg came out of Ihe committee room he announced lhat a child is bgorn What is it aboy or a girl a reporter asked now are in allied prison camps The split with Germany bcRan July 25 ivhcn Mussolini Mas oustcil from power and placed under Ruard by the Ruloclio government only to be liberated by the nazis who immediately set him up in business acnin as head of a puppet republican fascist government Badoglio who took over the Italian premiership negotiated the surrender with the allies and called upon Italian troops to cease fighting American and British forces but lo oppose attacks from any other quarter The premier and King Viitorio Emanuele have been cooperating with allied commanders in allied held Italian territory to which they ftcd only a few hours after the announcement of the armis tice The most significant contribu tion lo the allied cause resulting from Italys break with Germany was the spectacular surrender of Italian warships and dozens of merchant vessels which defied the German air force and fled to al lied ports after the surrender j Only Tuesday Prime Minister Churchill told commons that more than 100 Italian warships and more than 150000 tons of mer chant ships now arc in allied hands and that the united nations will make the best possible use of them Units of the Italian fleet known to have made the successful run to allied ports some of them through a hail of German bombs include 5 battleships 9 cruisers 27 destroyers and at least 25 sub marines able to afford to the united na tions cause Badoglio advised Eisenhower that lie took sreat pleasure in informing the general that the Italian king had declared war on nazi Germany and that Hie dec laration would be handed by the Italian ambassador in Madrid to the German ambassador at 3 p m Greenwich time Wednes day The marshal asked Eisen hower lo communicate the in formation lo united nations governments and lo advise the Italian embassies in Ankira and Buenos Aires and Ihe legations KILLED BY LEOPARD Cleveland a male spotted leopard killed 62 year od keeper John Thomas at the Cleve land zoo Wednesday i MARSHAL PIETRO BADOGLIO   

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