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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - October 8, 1943, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME VOL XLIX Ajsocialed anj United Press Full Lused Wires MASOX CITY IOWA FRIDAY OCTOBER o REDS RAF Bombers Pound Munich Stuttgart Friedrichshafen Weak Nazi Force Hits London 8 81eat alea of German while a much weaker force c German bombers hit London BIG FORCE OF USWARPLANES BOMBS BREMEN Battle Through Heavy AntiAircraft Jire and German Fighters London UR A very large flying fortresses fought through terrific antiaircraft fire and great numbers of German fighters Friday to bomb Bremen big port and industrial center German fighters plunging reck lessly into the defense of Bremen filled the skies with a maze of wild dogfights Supported by P47 republic thunderbolt fighters of the 8th United States air force the for tresses penetrated deep into northwest Germany to bomb Bremen the great Uboat base shipbuilding center and site of aircraft factories and other in dustries The day shift of American heavy bombers and fighters took over from the royal air force fleets hundreds strong which hit reich by night Early frird Gels Crash southeast England with the sharp est retaliatory blow in man months the British announce Friday Heavy cloud formations pre vented full observation of the results of the EAF operations an air ministry communique said but the German radio an nounced that extensive dam was inflicted on Stutttart where the junction of 8 main line railways rivals its indus tries in importance as bombinc targets The air ministry said that th Germans were able to pus through to London only 15 of 6 raiders which crossed the Eng lish coast before midnight an dropped slightly more than 3 tons of bombs on the capital citj Besides blasting the 3 import ant German cities British plane laid mines in enemy waters an the air ministry said that 7 air craft were missing from the night extensive operations The London alert lasted ap proximately 2 hours and was one of the longest since May 1942 The raiders came over in 2 small by comparison with the great allied armadas which have been blasting steadily at the reich for many months British officials described th attack as a propaganda raid ob viously intended to take the Ger man peoples minds off thei troubles Bombs fell in several London districts causing damage anx some casualties and at the heigri of the fierce barrage whose brigh orange flashes clotted the search lightstreaked sky fire watchers ot rooftops were forced to tal lies Momes Lieu shelter from the falling splinters tenant Ralph W Brophy was sleeping soundly at 3 a m Fridaj when he thought he heard his telephone ringing The lieutenants bedroom is on the 2nd floor and the telephone is onthe 1st floor so Brophy stum bled toward the steps The next thing he remembered was picking himself up at the bottom of the stairs A visit lo a mirror revealed to the lieutenanl that he had suffered Two black eyes one of which was later swollen shut V badly wrenched leg Cuts OM the face Severe bruises Fellow officers colled to the home took the lieutenant to hospital for treatment P S The telephone had not 1 been ringing The bell apparently was that of an alarm clock Bro phy reports for duty at 4 a m Woman Pilot Killed in Nebraska Crash Crete Xebr an all night search a cub cruiser train ing plane missing from the Crete airport was found Friday morn ing 2 miles west of Crete where it had crashed Thursday night kill ing the pilot Norma Adams 19 Adams Ncbr commercial pilot and Frank Spinar 18 Crete me chanic Tojo Tightens Grip on Japanese Officers New York Hidc ki Tojo of Japan has taken over anotner ministerial post and rid himself of 3 or his chief advisors the ofucc of war information said Friday on the basis of Tok3o broadcasts Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Not much change in temperature Friday afternoon Friday night and Saturday fore noon Iowa Slightly warmer Fridav night and Saturday forenoon Saturday fore noon and in north portion Fri day night IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Thursday 75 Minimum Thursday night 42 At 8 a m Friday 45 YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 50 The last great raid on occurred on May 10 1941 whei 450 tons of bombs were unloose and nearly J500 persons wen killed There have been 3 othe occasions in 1943 when the Gcr mans launched heavier attacks than the one Thursday night DMB German news agency h a broadcast recorded by the As sociated Press said that Norwich important north of England city was also a target of nazj bomber during the night Confesses 2 Slayings of 18 Years Before Batavia X y i3ySamue Steed Stotl former Hornell rail road man has confessed he sho to death his 2nd wife and friend 18 years ago just outside Hornell inspector Eugene F Hoy of the state police said Friday Stott 61 made a written confes sion last night after he had beei brought o the slate police bar racks from Kansas City Kins where he was arrested Tuesday Hoyr reported The inspectoi added that a first degree mur der charge would be ptacec against Stott when the bodie are found Parents With Twins Unable to Find Home Los Angeles and Jane Jvocella twins have lived at the General hospital since their birh almost a month ago because their parents cannot find a home lo take them to Their landlord had agreed to let them bring the ex pected child home but he changed his mind when twins arrived added to the B176 bomber Its a chin turretbeneath the bombardier s window in the nose of the flvini fortress Poweroperated the turret carries 2 50cafibcr machine guns with effective range of 1000 yards It was added to protect the bomber from enemy fighters who have been taking advantage of this one vulnerable spot bv boring in Ivoni headpn 2135 GERMANS Report Livno Kupresh Have Been Liberated London national liberation army headquarters re ported Friday the caplure of 213s axis troops including 1 general and 30 officers the killing of 500 enemy soldiers ami the capture of Livno and Kupresh 31 and 80 miles northeast ot Split Coincidenlally the free Jugo slav radio announced thai Ameri can and British officers were at partisan headquarters mid able o witness our deeds and know our claims are true1 will tell the world what we are doing the radio said in broadcasting the first report of American officers being in Juo slavia Gen Tosip Tilo Bcozovichs army of liberation issued a spe cial communique reporting the o1 3SS KuprEsH If credited the conquests to units of the first Serbian division Tbe report of the enemy cas ualties in the communique die not make clear the extent of the operations involved The free Jugoslav radio re ported earlier that an amphibious force had occupied the island of Lussmo in the Adriatic Gulf of Quarnaro capturing 258 prisoners and large military stores Mysterious Noises in Home Investigated Cushingr hear mysterious hammering noises in Ine William Yapp home They investigated because he were away and found the sheet inelsl back of the kitchen range pierced by 3 holes one nf which was the size of a half dollar Inside were 2 redheaded wood peckers which had come down the chimney The bill of one was half worn away The other was dead from its exertions Atherton Speaking to AFL Says Strikes Treasonable Green Claims Legion Chief Is Looking at Small Minority Boston H Ather on national commander of the American Legion denounced strikes as treasonable Friday in a 2fisted speech lo the AFL con rention and was told in an equal y vigorous reply by President William Green that hc was look ng at the inconsequential faults of a small If said Atherton it is treason for a soldier to refuse lo use his gun then loo it should be treason for a man who is for tunate enough to be on the home front to do anything that keeps him from getting that gun Green in reply said those who cck perfection in an imperfect TOrlcl are doomed to disappoinl nent But those who follow Ihe athway of reasoning and logic an look above and beyond the nconseqtienlial faults of a small linority We are making a fine ecord in a most imperfect world Departing frequently from his repared text Atherton said 1 link the men who call strikes or articipate in them under present onditions are rendering labor a cry great disservice He cited a ecent strike of Pacific electric rammcn and said he did not now why they struck and the ublic doesnt know why We lost more planes and ships m those few days than ihe knocked Sown jn that veek 1 dont know tiie WAKKEN H ATHERTOX mens demands I am willing to concede they were absolute ly justified But he added an arbitration court had made a decision May be it was wrong I dont know That isnt the point When the um pire calls a man out hes out Hc may be wrong but the man is still out Thats the American system Green said the AFL made its nostrike pledge out of honest hearts and added that the presi dent of the United Stales told la bor it had kept that pledge 99 and ninetenths percent CHANDLER ASKS MORE SUPPORT FOR MARTHUR Says General Should Be Backed or Relieved of Command in Area nW h Vi5 fPj Senator Chandler DKy told the senate Friday in its 2nd warsecrets ses sion that Gen Douglas MacAr thur should cither be given more support in his offensive ciimuaign against the Japanese or be re lieved of his command Speaking to colleagues who had been lectured by Democratic Leader Barkley Senator Lucas DIII and Senator Ma loney DConn on the subject of divulging information given to them behind closed Chand ler renewed a plea thai more planes men and guns be poured into the Pacific heater The Kentuckian who has urged a supreme command in Ihe Pacific and Asia for Mac Arthur was quoted by some colleagues as declarins that in sufficient weight was being thrown againsi the Japanese The core of his contention they said was that either MacArtbur should have more assistance or that he should be removed Before Chandler spoke Bark ley addressed senate members on their failure to keep silent about Thursdays session when 1st re ports on the war zone tour by 5 members were submitted Lucas read a senate rule pro viding for expulsion of members who divulge information obtained r Several senators sain they had beard little thai had not already been made public Senator Chandler had said he would warn that Ihe Japanese may move the seat of their em pire to the Asiatic mainland Chandler and Senator Brewstct R Maine will complete a report on a 5 senator inspection trip to all war theaters except Russia Senators Russell D Mead D N Y and Lodge R Mass summarized their findings at a closed session Thursday Brewster has criticized the confusion which he said marks American economic and diplo matic efforts as compared with those of the British but Chandler planned to deal almost exclusively with conditions in the Pacific lie lonjr has urjed that more weight be thrown aeiinst the Japanese and that Gen Douglas MacArthur be Riven supreme command in that theater Chandler told reporters he had found good reason to believe that some of Japans heavy industry already has been moved to the Asiatic mainland in addition to he large industrial concentration in Maiichukuo If the Japanese move their im portant installations to the conti nent he said the curving chain of Iheir home islands will become an almost impregnable wall against any blows from the east The Japan sea is already a Japanese lake he declared We can hardly hope to get in there Emphasizing the seriousness of the war in the wesl Lodge told the senate Thursday that if the Russians could be persuaded to open Siberian bases to allied bombers a million American lives mijtht be saved Im pressed Senators immediately besan talking about urging Ihe stale department to push dip lomatic conversations toward this end w If BeatsOff Heavy A ttacks Allies Seize Sinii Island Near Rhodes London The allies mov ns swiftly lo save their imper illed foothold in the Aegean sea were revealed Friday to have seized an island only 15 miles from the German bastion of Rhodes beaten oft a at Cos in Ihe disclosed in que which heavy losses Dodecanese was a Cairo communi announced hat were inflicted on same time Senator At ihe Wheeler Daiont said hc bought President Roosevelt ought o call a conference on some of the complaints that were laid before the senate Thursday These included in general that he British are looking toward postwar commercial activity while Jnited States representatives stand around waiting for n dcc aration of policy There also was he charge made by Russell thai he British are inclined to discount our part in the war and arc rc slnpping American lencll case oods to other countries without crediting their origin The president is the one who can correct that condition1 Wheeler declared His suggestion or a conference was seconded by senator Johnson DColo who aid he thought the president night to take the 5 senators to iyde Park with him Tor an in eresting weekend Buy War Bondx and from jour GlobeGazette boy iiiltlClCU OH Ihe Germans in a futile attempt to oust the allied garrison Pris oners were taken Simi outflanks Rhodes and pre sumably would give the allies a base for either air or amphibious attacKS on Rhodes and others the Dodecanese on Ihe Aegean in vasion route to the Balkans Allied light navili forces steamed into the Aegean in bola defiance of German aircraft Thurs day to destroy the enemy convoy the communique revealed The announcement did not spec ify where the German convoy was intercepted but it presumably was carrying supplies and rein forcements to forces threatening to uipe out small allied garrisons on the islands of Cos Leros and oamos There was no elaboration of the naval action The communi que said only that allied light naval forces operating the Aegean Thursday morning de stroyed an enemy convoy with Is indicating that all the enemy vessels had been sunk There was no mention of any alliedIpjscs The engagement was believed to have been action bejween surface vessels in the Aegean since the start of the Mililary observers here believed that only the dispatch ot verv substantial reinforcements could save Cos and Samos from falling to the German invasion forces Any reinforcements presumably would be drawn from the British 3th and 10th armies in the Levant under Gen Sir jMaitland Wilson Ofncial communiques said the outnumbered British garrison still was fighting on Cos though it had abandoned the town of Cos and Ihe strategic airfields on the island Though reports of na7i landings nn Leros and Samos lo the north have not been con firmed officially he British gar risons weie known to be small and incapable of prolonged resis tance against strong invasion forces All 1 islands lie off the south west coast of Turkey and prn vide convenient bases for air attacks on Crete and Rhodes both of which they outflank and could serve as a spring board for further conquests in the Aegean possibly including Greece itself ThewholeBritish campaign in the Aegean today looked like an other case of loo little and loo late though lhat strategy was supposed to have been buried with the final allied offensive in north Africa Just what the British strategy was in Ihe Aegean is not known in London but it apparently relied on considerable assistance from the Italians who outnumbered the Germans in the Dodecanese by between 3 and 5 to 1 The Germans in the Aegean re acted to the Italian surrender however in the same way their forces in Italy did In Italy the allied 5th army landed on the Sa lerno gulf to find the Germans in full possession and the proposed aerial descent on Rome had to be called off because Italian morale was insufficient even lo hold out against a handful of Germans In the Aegean the Germans took over Rhodes and disarmed the Italians and then similarly disarmed other Dodecanese gar risons Then they counterattacked Cos in an effort lo consolidate the fringes of the Aegean Russians Catch Nazis by Surprise in Major Thrust Across River By UNITED PRESS Allied forces on the attack by land sea and air surged Advance in Italy Through Mud and Rain Allied Headquarters Algiirs in heavy rain and mud Lt Gen Mark W Clarks nth army has forged ahead and reached the Volturno river the German defense line north ot Naples on a 16 mile front from Capua to the sea allied head quarters announced Friday Captured in the advance were Capua on the south side of the river where there is an im portant crossing and Caste Vollurno at the river mouth 97 airline miles from Rome Capua the main town on the Mazzoni plain on which the first phase of General Clarks battle for Rome is being waged is IT miles north of Naples and 106 straightline miles southeast of the Italian capital Jt was taken in a 10mile advance along the Via Casalina 1 of the 2 main roads from Naples to Rome The other is the Appian way nearer the coast On the right where the British was fighting another battle on the approaches to the side door to the Italian capital Gen Sir Bernard L Montgomerys forces beat back more fierce Ger man counterattacks took the of fensive and occupied an important high area above Termoli along the Adriatic Six German divisions were now fighting along the Italian front in fierce action The Germans threw tanks Including 60ion Tigers and in fantry into their stabs at Mont gomerys flanking force which held an area approximately 130 miles east and slightly north of Rome and threatened Pescara the coastal terminus of broad highway across the Appennines to the capital city on the banks of the Tiber Disclosing that Canadians arc ill action with the nth army in this sector a frontline dispatch to the Canadian Press said the Dominion soldiers had mounted solid positions dominating a stra tegic valley in the face of steady fire from German artillery and mortar batteries The fire was the heaviest the Canadians had en countered since starling their northward push on Oct In the mountainous backbone in the center of the peninsula allied forces maintained steady pressure ngitinst the Germans and contin ucd in force them back Allied tiombers maintained their sweeps over tie battle lines despite bad weather which somewhat curtailed activities but found relatively fciv tarcets comparcd with the preceding day when a heavy loll was tak en of x German armored divi sion heinc rushed through the mountains to oppose Montgom ery Nevertheless 11 vehicles wore destroyed along with I of the Ger mans big Mark VI tanks American lightnings made their first sweep into Greece 3 days ago it was announced on the same day that American liberators of Die northwest African air forces carried out another bombing at lack on the Elevsis airfield near Athens The lightnings attacked the landing ground at Araxos in the northwestern Peloponnesus and shot up 20 parked planes The lib erators battered hangars run ways and dispersal areas and shot down 6 of a pack of 30 to 35 en emy fighters which tried to in terfere 13 Newsmen on Trip to Rubber Development Postal Is Absorbed by Western Union Miami Fix GPt Thirteen newspapermen and 2 rubber de velopment corporation officials left Miami Friday on a flight to Ihe Amazon country of Brazil and Bolivia to inspect the rubber cor porations program in this region The trip which may carry to Liberia will be made on a char cred PanAmerican Airways ship way of Haiti Trinidad and Jelem Brazil where il will enter he Amazon country r New York Tele graph passed into history Friday as the company was absorbed into Western Union to give the na tion a single domestic telegraph agenqp Consummating negotia several years the merger became effective Friday at mid night when all employes and fa cilities of Postal came under the direction of Western Union with new bomb loads deliv ered against weakening de fenses Everywhere the battle of Europe mounting fury in these developments 1Rolling in fresh strength aft er a weeks rest Ihe red army drove to within B5 miles ot the Latvian border plunged over the Dnieper river to threaten Kiev and made a bid to trap thousands of nai troops 2 AneloAmerican 5lh army troops reached the Volturno first natural barrier above Naples on a 17mile front after capturing the key center ot Capua while in eastern Italy the British 8lh army beat off determined but futile enemy counterattacks 3 Great British air fleets struck heavily at Stuttgart anil raided Munich and Friedrichshafen los ing only 7 planes while the Ger mans weakly hit at London 4 Allied warships wrecked JL nazi convoy in the Aegean in the 1st sea battle in that area of the war British troops holding dog gedly to Cos Leros and Samos were revealed to be on the islet ot Simi off Shades where a Ger man attack was repulsed Russian armies marched on a 1 000mile front in what appeared to be the payibft offensive to throw the Germans finally back to the Balkan Polish and Baltic borders Steady reinforcements and tanks poured into tiie Dnieper bridge heads Capture ot Kiev ancient capital of the Ukraine appeared to be only n matter ot time The Dnieper line which Hitler ordered held whatever happened was opened wide in at least 3 places 2 of them north and south of Kiev and 1 below Kremenchug Southward the Russians were cleaning out the Taman peninsula while the pace of the whole offen sive seemed likely to catch Ger man armies in the Crimea and around Dnieperopetrovsk and Za porozhe In the north Neve gateway lo the Latvian border was in Rus sian hands and red armies were driving beyond The speed of the offensive was rising to the 5mile aday pace of the summer cam paign That would bring soviet troops to the BugDniester river line by February May Cave in Nazi Eastern Frontier Moscow red army pressing its jiew surprise autumn offensive nil ihe way from While Russia lo the Black Sea was re ported Friday expanding its 3 bridgeheads west of the Dnieper river particulnrly the I below Kiev which threatened to cave in Germanys entire eastern fronl Front line dispatches lo the army newspaper Ked Star said he major crossing of the Dnie per south of Percyaslav miles below the Ukranian cap ital city of Kiev which may prove to he one of the decisive operations of the war caught Ihe enemy by surprise and was carried out in 4 hours under the cover of darkness Russian forces which formed the wedge in the Germans viunted Dnieper line were re ported already to have organized at basic points consolidated ground ami enlarged the bridge head for further crossings Dozens of populated places al ready have been captured on the west bank of the Dnieper at the central crossing and at the 2 oth ers north of Kiev near the con fluence of the PripeL and Dnieper rivers and southeast of Kremen chug between thit captured city and Dniepcropclrovsk the dis patches said The announcement of the cross ings was taken here o mean that the red army positions beyond tiie Dnieper now are secure and that the battle is under way for the complete liquidation of the Germans main defense line and the occupation of Kiev The sub urbs of Kiev on the east bank oC the river and a cityisland in the Dnieper were captured previously The Germans next natural line was the river Bug Xhe Bug present even less difficul ties for crossing1 in winter On the northern end of he front the red army slashed at Z
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