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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - October 7, 1943, Mason City, Iowa DEPARTMENT NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME VOL XL1X THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS ASSOCIATED PRESS UNITED LFASEO WIRES MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY OCTOBER 7 1943 THIS PAPEB CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE V Y NO 311 REDS PREPARE HEAVY WINTER DRIVE ON NAZIS Millions of Sleds Are Accumulated to Push Campaign on Germans EDITORS NOTE Russia is planning to deal hard blows to the Germans once winter settles over the long front the follow liiff dispatch discloses Based on 1st hand observation in Mos cow and conversations with foreign military observers it in dicates that the Germans will not be allowed to settle down for the winter and try to recov er from the Russian summer of fensive By M S HANDLER Moscow is prepar ing to throw a warmlyclad swift hard hitting army against the Ger mans as falling temperatures on the southern and central fronts herald the approach of another bitter winter Millions of sleds are being ac cumulated to carry Red army troops across snow fields thai once were reearded as almost impassable The Red armys great summer offensive has lost its momentum against the stiffened German re sistance on the Dnieper line The soviet command is using the lull Russians Massing Along Stretch of Middle Dnieper Moscow red army is massing troops tanks cav alry and bit gnns alone the 160 mile stretch of the middle Dnie per between Kiev and Kremen chag in apintreht preparation for full scale assault on the German defense line front dis patches said Thursday The concentration of Rus sian strength along the river was accompanied by intense ar tillery duels in which each side sought to weaken the enemy po sitions alone the most formid able water barrier east of Po land and the Balkans The nenspaper Kobsomol skaya Pravda said that soviet units of all categories were pouring westward 0 the Dnie per and shelling had become es pecially intense a third of the ivay downstream from Kiev to KremenchuE to reequip millions ol troops lor the next winter campaign at which the Russians have proved particularly adept the Italian capital but declared they still dared to appear in pub lic only in groups The dispatch which passed through German censorship frankly added the comment that opponents of the party believe the fascists return had doomed them even more thandid the events of July Mussolinis ab dication The fascists toward whom the iiazi occupation forces were said to have an attitude tolerant well wishing were retaliating for the popular destruction of party insigriias and emblems on the streets and buildings of Rome the correspondent declared He added that the emblems of the House of Savoy have been re moved and destroyed wherever possible and that over the Palazxo Venezia flies an Italian flag with the center emblem of the House of Savoy cut out Fascist headquarters have been established in the Piazza Colonna and Braschi palace where Musso lini for a time was held prisoner Both are protected by machine gun nests and tanks equipped with cannon The fascists have taicen up the idea that Rome is an open city the Swiss dispatch said but ques tioned whether the capital could be considered such under present conditions It appears the writer said that the fascists are unwill ing or unable to establish a fas cist republican government and that Rome was declared an open city because it costs them noth ing Since the German occupation the Home police have been wear Vj lummy ing red and yellow armbands in improved fire power and other scribed the open city of Rome factors they believe the Soviets Similar signs are on police will startle the world and stun the wehrmacht The production of sleds jot an early start at all the hip collec live farms situated near forests Now railway sidings through out the coutnry are clogged with huge numbers of sturdy sleds designed to speed troops and equipment across the snows Last year the Russians moved and the inept Germans particularly Foreign military observers here agree that the mobility of the Rus sian army this coming winter will exceed all past performances On the basis of heightened mobilitv ns move hght field pieces trench mortars heavy machine guns ammunition cases and troops across the most okj dim iiuups across me most tllci inaccessible areas into combat welon position Many of its most bril Association 01 aiacnimsts as liant military feats stemmed from lErgest of its affiliated unions swift silent movement by sled Millions of cotton padded suits for the soldiers and hundreds of thousands of white fur coats for thc officers are moving toward railroad centers in all parts of the soviet union from the far caster Mongolian Russia effectiveness of the red army i the last 2 winters and the help lessness of the Germans The equipment held from last year has been cleaned mended That part of it whfeh does not go to the troops will be consigned to labor bat talions rehabilitating railroads highways bridges and towns There is no indication how the German army win be equipped lor its 3rd winter in Russia But certainly the red army will be outfitted to fight in the Arctic winds and mountainous snow drifts TANKS TRY TO HALT 8TH ARMY DAY BOMBER These Mitchell B25s are samples of some of the toughest bombing planes used by the royal air J force over Europe They have taken part in many daylight Fortress Europe with devastating effect SEEN IN ROME But They Appear Only in Groups in Public By FRANK BRWTTO Bern Switzerland Rome dispatch to the Tribune De Geneve uu Luieacier witn Mayor said Thursday that under cover Edward J Kelly of Chicagos pow pf German guns fascists again erful KellyWash democratic or have emerged on the streets of sanitation died Wednesday T IK1 11MI IHn t aT Uit rlnrlin7 ii AFLWELCOMES MACHINISTS Convention Cheers News of Reconciliation Boston Federation of A packed convention hall cheered the news of the reconcil iation and Secretary George Meanys announcement that the AFLs total paid membership now was 6564141 The machinists membership oi of Aug 31 was of republics to central finally announced as 625000 FASCISTS AGAIN Nash CoLeader of Chicago REFUSE TO HALT Demo Organization Is Dead CATUCD noACT Pneumonia Attack Is lit I IILli llnKl I Fatal to Powerful PoliticalChieftain Chicago A Nash 80 year old coleader with Mayoi after a 3 day siege ot pneumonia The veteran Cook county democratic chairman was taken to Columbus hospital Monday when a severe cold took a sud den turn for the worse He was placed in an oxygen tent Tues day and rallied momentarily but suffered a heart attack late Wednesday At his bedside when he died shortly before midnight were his wife Mary Byrnes Nash 2 sons Maj John Nash ol the army en gineering corps and Tom Nash Chicago and a grandson George Ross Jr Nash was born in Chicagos near north side March 2 1863 the son of Thomas Nash an Irish immi grant laborer With his brother Richard he founded Aash Broth ers Contracting company entering politics at early age asward com mitteeman for tile Sullivan dem ocratic machine He advanced in routine fashion through the ranks of the party be coming an intimate friend and political ally of Kelly when the latter wns chief engineer of the sanitary district When Slay or Anton Cermak was assassinated in Florida in 1933 Nash inherited the post of democratic national committee man from Illinois He already had become democratic county central committee chairman He PATKICK A NASH declined to become mayor backing Kelly instead Together the 2 men developed the democratic political organiza tion until it controlled the city county and most of the state it was said that the organization in cluded possibly 30000 jobholders Nash held no public elective of fice preferring to remain the sil ent partner of the KcllyNash combine He spent his summers at his Paw Paw Lake Mich home and Ins winters at Miami Fla He wns a racing enthusiast and owned the Shandon farms racing stables near Lexington Ky Time Bomb Left by Germans Takes Many Lives in Naples Hundreds Believed Victims of Explosives Planted by Germans By REYNOLDS PACKARD F TI 1 1 P 1 Gcr to de Held baturciay Naples explod man time bomb shattered Funeral for Father of 2 Cardinal Stars the commercial section Thursdav smcs killing perhaps several hundred civilians in a new disaster to the wartorn city The scene of the tremendous ui me 11 The American explosion which rocked or auon 01 Labor Thursday wrecked nearby buildings the mcct back the International most horrible spectacle I have seen iation o Machinists as he in lhs war st of its affiliated unions Tllc postoffice building one of The machinists membership i hundreds the few left intact by he Ger mans was beino reopened to the public when the bomb went off First estimates of the dead ranged around 100 As more and more bodies were removed from neigh boring buildings it appeared that the number would run well into nl services for Robert Cooper 58 year old fnllier of Morion and Walker Copper stars on the St Louis Cardinal baseball club will be held Saturday Arrangements were made so his baseball playing sons could attend the services during a break in the world series Morton pitcher left New York by train after winning Wednesdays game and Walker catcher was to leave by plane after Thursdays game The brothers plan to rejoin their teammates Sunday at St Louis for the first game there macnimsis membership i With them are goins millions of matic tllc No I AFL union in Tllc bornb was one nf a scries fur caps gloves and felt n rank oiS held bv the I Planted by the departing nazis the kind of equipment which Brotherhood of Teamsters The of which already have been spelled the difference between the tcalnstcrs paid on 602900 mem One exploded Wed cffeclivcncss of the rrri nrmv uers last year nesday in a hotel just after Lt The machinists quit the federi Gcn MarK wClark rode ation last May 31 after an cxj American military po tendcd row ovet jurisdictional 1 cc ancl Ilallal1 firemen and cara rights involving principally the remove the victims from the poslofficc The body of 1 wom an was headless yet clutching the charred body of a baby to her breast World Series Story Page 13 principally the carpenters union The terms of reconciliation however were not immediately announced Morris Hulcheson son of the president of the carpenters union moved for the immediate ac ceptance of the executive councils report announcing the machinists return It was carried unani mously The conventions action also vir tually assured President Harvey J Brown ot the machinists his Cairo OJR German iroonc councrf AFL j have captured the a fields ami She town of Coo on hc Dodcca Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Not much chance in temperature Thursday after noon Thursday night ancl Fri day forenoon Iowa No important cliana Nazis Take Airfields and Town of Coo But British Continue Fight carrier learner boy Inese island of the same name nas and but outnumbered British forces Lslill src resisting a communiquc 1 announced Thursday cooler north cast lilllc change in tempera ture in remainder of state Thursday night and Friday fore noon MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Wednesday Minimum Wednesday night At 8 a m Thursday 75 Maximum Minimum Frost Senate Votes More Pay to Soldiers Families Washington senates pointblank refusal o halt the draft of prewar fathers was the signal Thursday for immediate ac tion on sharp increases in cash allowances for service mens de pendents The senate took the initiative In seeking to case the financial burdens of soldiers families by approving monthly allotments of S80 to wives with 1 child and S20 for each additional child Similarly higher allowances are contained in a house bill which the military affairs committee ex pected to report out Thursday The law now provides for SM to a wife S12 to the 1st child and 510 for each additional child the apparent wiiling cbhgress to be generous with soldiers and heads of estab lished was little to indicate that the house would consider the new senate figure too The senate measure was parsed after rejection 58 to 20 of a final proposal by Senator Wheeler to prohibit further father drafting In its final form the bill sent to the house would 1 Deny federal employment to ablebodipd draftage nonfathers whose indispensability can not be certified to congress withui 30 days after the bills enactment 2 Require evidence of the in dispensability of workers in war plants be submitted to draft boards for all occupational defer ments of nonfathers of draft age 3 Direct establishment of a medical commission 1 army 1 navy 3 civilian doctors to de termine if physical requirements can be lowered to permit induc tion of some of the more than 3000000 men now in class 4F 4 Require draft hoards to pro vide for preinduction physical examinations for fathers whose in demand them The examinations to be made at induction centers would be used In certify a fath ers physical condition and would be binding on the boards So broad were the provisions that Senators Taft ROhio and Reed RKans called the bill a victory for Wheeler leader of the bloc opposing induction of fathers Reed said that only the cour age the genius and the persist ence of the senator from Montana has made this result possible 6 Year Old Leads Spending Spree With Mother in Pursuit St a nl Minn US Canciv ice crcnm jind knickknacks were on Tun Hopkins 6 who led a happy parade of kids from gro cery to confectionary stores But in hot pursuit and follow ing the wellmarked trail was a police squad car ami Toris mother who hoped to catch him before the entire S55 in her purse was gone Turi found the purse Wednes SUB SINKS SHIP OFF JAP COAST 500 ARE DEAD Tokio Reveals Loss to BoldAttack by American Submersible By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS An allied submarine slipping boldly into the waters off Japans west coast sank a Japanese steamer Tuesday in an attack which took the lives of more than persons Tokyo broadcasts de clared Thursday There is liltje doubt that the submarine was American The steamer which plied be tween Shimonuseki on the prin cipal Japanese island of Honshu and Fusan Korea was on its reg ular ferry run according to a Domei news agency broadcast quoting a railways ministry an nouncement The Domei broadcast as re corded by the Associated Press said the steamer was the Konron Maru while a Tokyo broadcast of the railways ministry an nouncement recorded and trans lated from the Japanese by U S government monitors gave the name of ilomlon Maru Despite strenuous efforts by warships and naval planes to res cue the passengers and crew Tokyo said only 72 of the U6 per sons aboard had been reported saved up to the time of the an nouncement at p m Tokyo iime a m Rough seas and communication trouble were said to have hampered the rescue work The announcement said the steamer Was hit by a single tor pedo and sank after several sec onds It described the site of the attack as in the vicinity ol Oki island some 130 square miles in size which lies in the Tsushima strait between Japan and Korea separating the East China sea and the sea of Japan In reporting the receipt of the Tokyo broadcast the office of war information said that to penetrate those waters an allied submarine would have io dare risks almost if not as great as those thai con fronted Ihe U S submarine that made its way into Tokyo harbor Smuts Arrives From South Africa for Parley With Churchill London arrival of Marshal Jan C Smuts premier ot South Africa for conferences with Prime Minister Churchill is re garded here as a new and signifi cant pointer to forthcoming mili tary operations and to reconstruc tion plans for occupied territory Smuts is considered one of the greatest allied strategists and Churchill has the highest regard Mountbatten Arrives in New Delhi New Delhi Lord Louis Mountbatten allied coni mamlerinchief in southeast Asia arrived Thursday by plane at the New Delhi airport to take over his new post Mountbatten was met bv a large gathering of American British and Chinese officers Original leader of Britains famed commandos and a cousin of King George VI Mountbatten is the 1st British officer to be placed in supreme command of allied forces in an entire theater of war His appointment was announced Aug 25 immediately following the Quebec conference of President Roosevelt and Prime Minister Churchill The new military command in southeast Asia was created to in tensify the war against the Japa nese in Burma As defined by unofficial sources in London Mountbattens com mand ranges from the waters off Madagascar east to Sumatra and spans French IndoChina Thai land Malay and Burma TJ S Secretary of War Stimson has as serted that the southeast Asia command does not overlap that of GGIJ Douglas MacArthur com manderinchicf in the southwest Pacific for fathers whose in for his opinion on nlitnry and matters He is the last surviving mem ber or Davit Lloyd Georges 1st World war cabinet and is one nl the Tow sailles treaty political post signatories of the Ver to hold a high QUIZ SEVERAL IN WAC SLAYING Myslery Deepens in Sioux Falls Murder Sioux Falls S Dak army threw a shroud of military secrecy Thursday over its inquirv into themystery slaying ot Lt Naomi Kathleen Cheney 25 Jasper Ala Capt E E Seiler public rela tions officer al the army air force technical training post where the pretty brunct WAC was stationed disclosed only that several persons have been detained at the post for questioning But he indicated that they arc being held as witnesses rather than suspects in the murder of LI Cheney whose brutally beaten body was found by a in year old child late Tuesday after it had lain for 18 hours in a clearing close to a busy thoroughfare Investigation revealed mean while that Lt Cheney left the post Monday night about 9 oclock after visiting a friend at the post hospital At the gate she is re ported to have asketl a military policeman if he thought it safe for her to walk the mile to her apartment in town The military policeman inquiry disclosed told her to use her own judgment Authorities said Lt Cheney was slain shortly before midnight They said a medical report that she ate a salad of peas shortly be fore her death offers the only clue to her movements during the intervening i hours Police Chief Fred Scarls said officers were turning the town upside down in an effort to as certain what restaurants may have served tlic salad BRITISH THROW OFF ASSAULTS FROM GERMANS Battle for Rome Begins as Both Sides Put Fresh Troops Into Fight BULLETIN Allied Headquarters allied 5th army nearcd Canua 17 miles north of Naples on Hannibals ancient road to Koine Thursday as the 8lh army reinforced with tanks und aided by a naval bombard ment smashed the heaviest G c r in a 11 counterattack yet launched m the Adriatic coast By XOLAND NORGAARD Allied Headquarters Algiers battle for Home has be gun with the Germans launching Jowerfiil infantry and armored attacks in the Termoli area along Ihe Adriatic where the 8tU army of Gen Sir Bernard L Montgom ery stands 130 miles east and ilighlly north of the capital city Official announcements at al lied headquarters Thursday said the Germans had shifted an en tire armored division from the west side of the Peninsula and thrown it into an onslaught against Montgomerys forces General Montgomerys troops also have been reinforced lor the showdown fight and have beaten off the attacks General Dwight D Eisenhowers communique an nounced Tivo British destroyers brought naval artillery to the aid oC Mont gomery driving boldly into the narrow Adriatic and pounding railway and enemy military tar gets to the northwest of Termnli countering and dislocating the German attack just as naval forces were used to assist in the offen sive against Naples The northwest African air forces also were intensely active over General Montgomerys front for the 1st time in weeks Both RAF and American fighter pfanes suept northward from Termoli as far as Pcscara on the Adriatic and inland as far as Alfedcna halfway ta Home on the TermoliRome highway While fresh German tank units hastened to oppose She 8lh armys flanking threat the Germans rushed the task oC fortifying the Volturno river 20 miles north of Maples against LU Gen Mark W Clarks 5th army which reported dogged progress northward de spite extensive demolitions and ill m i luuuu me purse XYccnicS lemperatuie Thursday night and day in his mothers drawer The Friday forenoon scattered light money was in the lining and Turi frost again Thursday night knew what it was lor The first stop uvis a grocery where Tun bought a dollars worth of Hal loween lanterns and shared them with friends His generosity was rewarded Three more kids joined the party and Turi lipped into the purse again at a drug store This time it was cough drops and there was plenty to go around More kids found Turis friendship attractive At the ice cream parlor Ihe sodas were on Turi but so were the police and his mother She had not discovered the missing purse until an hour after Turi left home Mrs Hopkins considers hcvsclf lucky Turi spent only SK50 ON THE members keep a sharp lookout for Jap subs and sky raiders as a U S navy ship bearing ma rines traverses a strait in New Georgia in the south Pacific heavy rains which impeded the movement or heavy equipment Further information from the front said the crossing of the Volturno by 5th army elements which was reported Wednesday was only along the main tributary of the Volturno system common ly known as the Galore The German defenses on the north bank of the Volturno itself across the plain from the moun Inins to Ihe Tyrrhenian Sea are intact i was stated here Although the crossinc of the Calnrc an eastward extension of the Volturno constituted x flanking threat to the enemy river line 1 military spokesman said he Germans were be lieved to be holding the north ern bank of the Volturno in some strength The headquarters communique said merely that the 5th army his made further progress and is working forward to the line of the river Volturno This stream has been a fav piitc defense position for battles in Italy from the time of Hanni bal and the Germans were ap parently ready to take advantage of its possibilities for n strong delaying acliun The British radio said the town of Capua on the Volturno directly norlh of Naples was within allied artillery range The German communique said that repealed enemy infantry and tank attacks were repulsed at the Vollurno onci that em bittered fighting1 was continuing in the Termoli area ft admitted a rctrcBl in the southern Apen nines however Fighting a strategic battle for the benefit of bolh General Clark and General Montgom ery flyinjr fortresses meanwhile flew a 1200mile round trip from Africa to shatter the main rail junction in the Venice area The rail yards car shops en gine sheds and chemical works at this junction Mcstrc were blank eted by bombs despite the inter ference ot 20 to 30 enemy lighters Many of the enemy lighters were shot down Mestre is on the Italian mainland where the rail Vigscway from Venice joins the main coastal line and is an im
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