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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - September 27, 1943, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME cow nE NT OF RY A N 0 ARCHIVES MO THI NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS YOU XLIX ASSOCIATED WgWD LEASED WmES MASON CITY IOWA MONDAYSEPTEMBER 21 1943 THJS PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE HOME EDITION uimr A jil JW1D Jims PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE J4Q 302 PARATROOPS SWARM OVER DNIEPER German Troops Withdrawing From Naples Area YANKSADVANCE 10 MILES AND TAKE CASSANO Americans Start to Press Retreating Nazi Forces Around Naples By AUSTIN BEALMEAK Asosciated Press War Editor German froops began with drawing Monday from the area around Naples as American 5th army forces slashed another 10 miles into the mountains to cap ture the town of Cassano 50 miles straight east of ftalys 2nd greatest port Front dispatches said he Germans had started flankinsr their positions around the broad bay of Naples and the port it self and were offering only rearguard opposition When slackening German artillery fire signalled the withdrawal the Americans immediately began pressing the retreating enemy y if if Allied headquarters announced meanwhile that British troops driving swiftly up Italys Adriatic coast against little enemy opposi tion were within 22 miles of Fog gia and its vital air base system which the Germans already have abandoned Thus in 24 days the American and British invasion forces have pushed up approximately one sixth ihe length of the Italian peninsula Xnits broadcast couuDiznifme He hifh command ad mitted hat nazi troops on the eastern side of Ihe mainland were retreating undisturbed by the enemy after destroying traffic installations but declared that attacks northwest and northeast of Salerno were re pulsed By taking Cassano American troops holding the right flank of the 5th army advanced to a point 18 miles northeast of Salerno and x only ID miles from Avellino one of the enemys major communi cations centers While the German withdrawal northeast of Salerno gave the Americans an opportunity to drive a wedge between the enemys forces there and those closer to Naples the fighting on the coast north and northwest of Salerno was bitter and at close quarter nvni nib 11 villdiiJU LiuLi the battle was fiercer than an3 thing seen in the middle east north Africa or Sicily since the British breakthrough at El Ala mein and that 3 or 4 miles of rough mountain country had to be taken by British units on the 5th armys left flankbefore they could reach the Naples plain x xt This fizhtins resembles some of the historic battles of the 1st World war when strongpoints in some sectors had to be taken bv hard frontal assault said an allied military spokesman I A communique from Gen SKvight D Eisenhowers head uarters said the town of Cerig about 6 miles above the jfanto river in the southern tggia plain fell to the British h army in itslatest thrust A yiiro broadcast placed the 8th lmy vanguard within Ig miles lj Foggia The capture of Foggias main jrfield well equipped for all aids of day and night operations 1 its 12 satellite landing strips Juld give the allies a valuable ise from which their bombers ould attack the enemy at any point in the Balkans and as far north as Germany itself Il Gen Mark Clarks 5th army units also captured Cala britto another town northeast of Salerno and 27 miles in from the coast while Mnro 18 miles northwest of Potenza and 33 miles east of Salerno was over run by British troops moving up on the 8th armys left flank The headquarters communique said Gen Sir Bernard L Mont gomerys troops in the center ot the solid line extending from the TVrrliAnion thn A FIRE HALTS PRODUCTIONOnly debris remained Monday after fire destroyed the Hagie hybrid seed corn plant west of Clarion Sunday morning cLsing a loss of S30 000 about W the close of the The W included about 3000 bushels of seed Plans are being madetorebuild by Earle K Behrend ft i Reports Nazis Concentrate on Fighter Airplane Output McNarney Says German Chies Direct Efforts to StavingOff Defeat Washington German mil itary leaders have given up hope of winning the war and ave direct ing all their efforts toward stav ing off defeat Lt Gen Joseph T McNarney army deputy chief of staff told a conference of indus trial labor and newspaper lead ers here Monday said allied aerial oifeTisiveHn Europe the Pacific has set the stage for decisive action Ourail offensive against Ger GUNNING FOR LUFTWAFFE AGE Yanks Hunt Cocky Flyer in Yellow Plane An American Bomber Base Somewhere in England UR American 8th air force flyers are ace who wears a white Wscaffe tucked under his oxygen mask flies a golden yellow Focke Wult 190 with 4 American flags paint ed on its nose and specializes in cu OI1 115 I1USL am many he said has forced them I an aerial sleeper play attack in i rifrtclnn n i i i f J to make a decision which will be full ot meaning to you production men The combined bomber offen sive against Germany has forced the Germans to drastically reduce the production of bombers anri to concentrate on the production of fighters To every thoughtful mem ot the German air force this step could have but one Germany had given up hope of winning the war and was turnin her every effort to keep from los ing the war This step taken months ago was the first visible evidence that Germany had abandoned the offensive and was seeking through defensive action wiviei tinu iii close quarter Liuuugn cietensive action Reports from the front said that what at best could be only a stale e battle was mate Tyrrhenian to the Adriatic were still in contact wilh the enemy lust north of Atella the capture of which was announced Sunday McXarney said seizure ol the initiative by the allies rave them the advantage of beinr able to strike the enemy when and where they chose but this was partially offset because German and Japanese opera tions are on interior lines w However as the enemy short ened his lines more air bases be come available from which to reach enemy areas previously too distant for effective McNarney said bombing Undersecretary of War Robert Th alierson the group of 200 that the next 12 months will be costly m blood and men but will determine the future of the world 2 BURN TO DEATH IN IOWA CRASH Collision of 2 Trucks Near Norway Reported Cedar Rapids Two men burned o death Sunday after an accident a half mile east of Nor way Iowa which demolished 2 large trailer trucks One of the dead was Walt Lona of Vinton driver of a loaded stock truckenroute to Chicago which was in collision with a DenverChicago trailer truck car rying general freight The other victim was Hubert Kerkman 43 farmer of near Van Home The driver of the DenverChi cago transport Clarence Stewart of Cedar Rapids was uninjured Charles Fels highway patrol man said something apparently went wrong with the steering mechanism of the stock truck causing Long to lose control Stewart approaching from the cast jaid he swerved to the left side of the road to avoid hitting the stock truck at the same time it turned back to the right and hit the gas tank of his truck Dubbed enemy number 1 the German on several occasions has pressed flying fortresses so close ly the gunners could see his face CLARION FIRE LOSS Seed Corn Plant Is Destroyed by Blaze early Sunday morning destroyed the Hagie hy brid seed corn plant on the R W Hagie farm 2 miles west of Clar ion with a Joss estimated at The blaze discovered at a m by the night watchman or iginated around the chimney The Udi ng 40 t SleetNf Shebt metal construclioii has been built about 2 years ago with recent ad ditions It was destroyed together with 3000 bushels of seed corn The Clarion fire department was unable to halt the blaze but prevented the spread ot flames to nearby buildings Plans are being made to rebuild Lomu 5eu ins lace t jojji aie utmg 10 rebuild While swarms of other fighters he structure The loss is partly are attacking from 1 side he sneaks in from the opposite di rection hoping to make the kill the gunners can get at him Second Lt Robert Goodwin Washington navigator of the fortress Thundermug reported Whoever that guy is he sure knows how to take every advan tage ot that buggy which is dolled up so much it sparkles like a circus wagon Id swear he s the same smarty we 1st ran into over Lorient last May 17 and over Beunes May 29 The way he flies you cant mistake Believe lowan Fell Asleep Crash Fatal Perry Dunbir 48 of Perry field man for the old Grimes canning plant was killed Monday in an automobile accident 3 miles south o Minburn Dun bar was alone in the car and was enroute from Grimes to Perry Coroner L H DeFord said Dun bar apparently fell asleep and his car plunged into a ditch His watch had stopped at a m A trucker found the wreckage and called authorities covered by insurance A nearby smaller plnnt with a capacity of 300 bushels will be op erated by the companys workers Not all of he seed corn had yet been gathered 224 Planes Intact or Only Slightly Damaged Captured in Italy Allied Headquarters in Xorth Africa A total ot S24 axis planes have been captured intact or only slightly damaged on 6 air dromes in Italy thus far during the campaign the northwest African air Iorces announced Mondav At MontccorvinoRavella near Salerno 77 planes were found At Vibo Valentin in the toe of Italy 64 aircraft were left behind In the vicinity of Tiranto for mer Italian Naval base 69 aircraft were abandoned on 3 landing fields and 34 others were take the seaplane base The northwest African air force also said that the full count re vealed thai 1200 axis planes were abandoned in the Sicilian cam paign during July and August Thunderbolts Help Bombers in Emden Raid London h u n d e r b o 11 fighters P47s equipped with I longrange belly tanks set a tance record in escorting flying i fortresses Monday on an 800mile I rouncttrip to lambast the nazis big naval base of Emden it was disclosed Monday night It was the 1st time the R gunned fighters had escorted bombers all the way to a target in Germany Emden on the North Sea received its 85th at tack of the war The thunderbolts longest pre vious hops were believed to have been their partway escorts on the July 30 raid on Kassel a 900 mile round trip and the Aug on Gelsenkirehen a 700mile run This ind stab by the fortresses in i days hit the nazis nearest submarine and shipping base and the receiving port for Scandinav ian ore The raid was the 10th this month for the fortresses which thus equalled the number of mis sions performed by the 4cngined giants in the peak month of July With the 19 attacks this month by lhnvlt U S marauder medium bombers irEIU ii CUimatieS compared with only fi in U S operations reached far above any previous level Sunday the fortresses lashed at She nazi airport and repair base of Rheims 80 miles northeast of Paris while U S thunderbolt fighters swept over northern France in support The thunderbolt pilots said that for the first time in their Euro pean operations they encountered absolutely no fighter opposition SpeedyRAF mosquito bombers kepr tKe3Tifcd aerial offerSive going during the night by bomb ing targets in the Rhineland an air ministry communique said All returned safely while one encinv bomber was destroyed over ifs base in Holland the bulletin de clared Weather Report Mason FORECAST City Warmer Monday afternoon and Monday night continued warm Tuesday fore noon Iowa Warmer cail continued mild west portion Monday night continued mild Tuesday forenoon Minnesota Cooler northeast lit tle change in temperature west and north portions Monday night little change in temper ature Tuesday forenoon IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Sunday 70 Minimum Sunday night 48 At 8 a m Monday 57 YFAR AGO Maximum Minimum 29 Frost The figures for Sunday Maximum Saturday fil Minimum Saturday night 37 At B a in Sunday 41 YEAH AGO Maximum 46 Minimum 32 Precipitation 54 Snowfall loo First snow U 04VTOtoaPm at the U S naval training station at San Diego Calif learn the use of a raft cqupped with flotation tubes like automobile tires YANKS BRITISH COOLTOIDEAOF ITALIAN ALLIES Badoglio May Declare War in Order to Get Favorable Settlement EDITORS NOTE Edward Kennedy was a member of the Associated Press staff of the Rome bureau for several years preceding the outbreak of the present war lie left Rome to report the Spanish civil war and later covered Ihe fichting iu Africa lie is well acquainted with Italy and speaks the Ital ian language By EDWARD KENNEDY Somewhere In Southern Italy Sept 21 Delayed Ba tloglio government itow estab lished in southern Italy seems de termined to force itself upon the united nations as an ally but and British soldiers are frankly unenthusiastic it welcoming the Italians as Bond Drive Extended to End of Week been mail closii end Gordo mitte their boost is ft would not be surprising Premier Badoglio actually issued a declaration of war on Germany means of getting into the winning somcthin merit camp and salvaging in the postwar settlc The idea of accepting the Italians as allies however is repugnant to many of our troops who thought they had defeated the Italians once and now find it stramtr to have Italians incharge of civil administration here and issuing decrees which indirectly affect the allied forces Jt jr y Badoglio along with Kin Vit tono Emamiele and Crown Prince Umberto now is established in a southern Italian town which is in effect the provisional capital of Itiiy Badoglio has IUK own army with arms including artiUerv ami his government is permitted the use of the Bar radio Officers or the allied mililarv government of occupied territor ies AMG who came here to ad minister the country have found their organization sidetracked while Italians control Ihe civil and they are resentful of the situation At least 1 high AMG of ficer has resigned and others lounge about saying Well this is a pretty comic war We came here to do i job but find we arc not allowed to do it The attitude of the troops themselves is expressed in a re markably outspoken article in the British Eighth Army News which has just begun publishing a mainland edition in Italy The editorial followed publica tion nf greeting from Badoglio to the 8th army in which he said that in the common struggle which awaits us Kalian soldiers will march side by side with Brit ish comrades against the German oppressor lor she liberation of Italian soil and final victory Replying the 8th army news said Italy surrendered uncondition ally What do we find now The Italians are our allies They here fore claim to exercise indepen dence in internal arrairs A sol dicr who wishes to change hi British occupation money finds it hard if not impossible to do so The Italians are quibbling about the rate of WO lire to the pound sterling Many Italians in fad are under the impression that be cause they say now we are your allies they are going to spare country the retribution which a just victory normally demands of a defeated army and which a defeated army ex pects to make Uilli all due sympathy for Italian sufferings under their selfchosen German friends we should set their minds straight on this The editorial recalled that the Italians had helped prolong the war cost Britain untold bloodshed and wealth and almost caused her to lose the conflict in the Mediter ranean It expressed belief the Italians should pay the price of their folly in believing in Mus solini Similar views are being ex pressed here by American offi cers and men although the feel ing in this regard perhaps is not quite so pronounced as among the British LARGE GERMAN FORCES UNABLE TO STEM TIDE Unconfirmed Reports Heard That Nazis Are Evacuating Kiev 11 o s c o w para chute troops were reported show ering clown on the west bank ol the Dnieper Monday while the red army battled for several crossings and invested the last German positions on tlie east bank before Kiev Kromonchug Dnie propelrovsk and Zaporozhe W Soviet assault forces were storming across the Dnieper on either side of Kiev the capital of the Ukraine while frontal assaults reduced the Germans remaining in the suburbs on the cast bank front reports said Unconfirmed reports circulated here that the German garrison had begun evacuating the city which is on the west bank as the soviet threat mounted hourly As the Russians were forcing the Dnieper nl m unspecified number ot points and red para troops harried the German rear other soviet columns poured into While Russia through two wide gaps in the Smolensk and Gomel sectors The newspaper Pravda warned Adolf Hitler that there would he no uause until the red army reaches the old frontiers and the Germans are decisively I eaten Rounding out 12 weeks of the nine ouuu mues away great summer offensive the red ihe road already has penetrated army was entrenched along prac mto enemy territory and Chinese tically the entire east bank of the Dnieper and was battling to hurl The 3rd war loan drive has extended to include the re inder of this week instead of ing Thursday evening at the of the month it was an nounced Monday by the Ccrro county war finance com ee The extension will give an opportunity for individuals in the iunly to come through with ir ast minute purchases and the very poor showing so ar in that type ot sales a pokesmau suggested The bond headquarters in the trd war loan bomb shelter G Joiilh Federal avenue will be open evenings throughout the to accommodate those who nd it impossible to get to other issuing agencies during business hours it was announced Hack Road in Jungle to Burma By PRESTON GHOVER An American Base on the In diaBurma Frontier Sept 25 De layed hills anil high water American army engineers by Indians and Chinese hacked a roadway through the jungle from India into Burma along which if God and the strate gists are willing an attack upon the Japanese may be launched Headquarters calls the highway the Ledo road but engineers on Ihe job call it the Tokyo road because said Major John Moyer of Tuskagee Ala the stuff transported over it eventualiy will wind up in some 3000 miles away soldiery led and American officers the Japanese back by are fighting further anil further as construction progresses Its most immediate purpose is to supply attacking forces in the early stages ot a campaign to clear the Japanese out of Burma Its 2nd purpose is to connect with the Burma road if and when the Americans British and Chinese manage to drive the Japanese out of the northern end ot Burma so that supplies can reach China by land as well as by air NAZIS STRESS FEAR OF DEFEAT Propagandists Stop Hoodwinking Public Stockholm Naz i propa gandists appeared Monday to have launched a new line de signed to keep the reich fighting in fear of the consequences defeat would hrinK German concern over the war situation was evident in censored dispatches reaching this neutral capital The Berlin propaganda mill ied to draw favorable aspects from their retreat in Russia the allied successes in the Mediler ranean and the guerrilla warfare in the Balkans scant suc At the same lime the new rcich minister of interior Heinrich Himmler who developed the gcs tapo was conducting a campaign of ruthless executions to combat defeatism Two principal reasons were be lieved behind the nazi Icarter 5 ships new policy of painting rela tively rank pictures ot their rronts 1 A realization that the naii position would be weakened by ridicule if they try to belittle the current reverses 2 A gamble with the weapon of fear to hold not only HID home front but the wehrmachl together not on the conviction of victory hut the admission of what might happen with a shat Icring defeat A great psychological problem the nazis out of their remaining east hank positions before Kiev Kremenchug Dnepropetrovsk and Zapoiwhe The nazis were under constant bombardment by ihe red air force which enjoyed unchallenged mas tery of tlie skies over the battle arean Front dispatches said soviet flanking columns were pushing across the river north and south of Kiev Russias 3rd largest city in the face of mur derous German artillery fire from the hisrh west bank but there was no authoritative in dication that the red army yet had established a bridgehead in force The London radio quoted a Moscow dispatch as snying that the Russians were believed to have established small bridge heads on the west bank of the Dnieper between Kiev and Dnep ropetrovsk The German DNB agency re ported that Russian parachutists landed in the German rear in the middle Dnieper area Most were encircled and annhilated the agency said in n Berlin broadcast but others were still holding out A Moscow broadcast heard in London quoted the Moscow news paper Pravdn as saying that the red army had mastered part ot the river crossing and added Our air force and artillery will smash all German efforts to stem our offensive beyond the Other soviet troops striking fronlally were lacked in bitter fighting with the Germans in the muddy eastbank suburbs of Kiev The Germans threw 6ig infantry and lank forces into battle in 3 futile attempt to stem tho soviet tide only to be thrown back More than 800 Germans were killed and 5 tanks wrecked The Russians also blasted their way to the Dnieper at key points along a 300mile stretch from Kiev to 7aporozhe Near Krem encluig 85 miles upstream from Dnepropetrovsk the Russians smashed an enemy pocket of re sistance captured 70 towns and arises from the retreat in the east a Berlin dispatch to the Stockholm Tidningen said in that the German public is follow ing it with enormous tension and probably also not without great unrest The average German eyes the east front as most important because most Germans have rela tives there upon whose fate their fate also is declared to rest Such sentences going through the censorship left little doubt many Germans were daring to ask openly where the wchrmacht in villages and threw the battered German remnants into the Dnie tends to establish a new defense line and slop what the nazis have called clastic warfare and com prehensive front shortening of he per More than COO enemy bodies remained on the battlefield and in addition a large number of Germans drowned in the river a soviet communique said Four teen guns and many other arms thrown away by the Germans during their precipitate retreat were captured by our troops Near Dnepropetrovsk itself the Germans pivoted on a defense line consisting of concrete pill boxes and artillery emplacements and counterattacked 10 times The fighting at limes raged at close quarters with bayonets rifle butts and grenades but lha
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