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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - September 23, 1943, Mason City, Iowa C 0 v NORTH DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSMfK THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL XLIX ASSOCIATED PBESS AND UNITED PRESS FUli LFASED WIRES MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY SEPTEMBER 23 1943 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OP TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE HOME EDITION UlUlf NO 299 RED FORCES REACH WHITE RUSSIA CBSr to Air Transatlantic Call From Mason City KGLOTOFEED NETWORK FROM TYPICAL CITY Interviews to Choose North lowans for Program Are Started Transatlantic Call People to People the program broadcast on alternate Sundays from the United Stales and from England by he Columbia Broadcasting company will originate from Ma sou Citys CBS station KGLO on Sunday Oct 3 Alan Lomax writer and narra tor and Irs Lonruix research as sistant were in Mason City Thurs day to start the interviewing ol North Iowa residents in order to choose those who will appear on1 the hall hour program from a m to 12 noon John Becker producer of the program which is broadcast by short wave to England when it originates in this country is ex peeled1 to arrive here later his week Transatlantic Call is a type of program new to this country although it has been used lor some time in England where it is known as the actuality program It is designed to give the people an opportunity to tell their own story Mr Lomax explained It is real democratic communi cation the writer added It makes radio a vehicle commu nication between ordinary folks Our effort in producing it isal ways to subordinate the inter viewer as possiblein the while the people tell their own story or talk it over among them selves Mason City was chosen as a typical midwestern community and particularly because it is the center of the corn producing area an area with a type of farming unknown to the British Mr Lo max pointed out Here farming is highly mecha nized Farmers have machinery radio crooner to lull the milk cows he explained with a grill The British have never seen that kind of farming just as they arc unacquainted with corn Well have to call it maize for them F C Eighmey manager of sta tion KGLO suggested that North lowans wtih boys in the service in the European area might be able to reach them by Vmail in time to let them know the pro gram so that they might listen in on their friends and neighbors The program is from a m to noon central wartime on Sunday Oct 3 TRAP JAPS forces h Finschhafen indicated by he arrow in the above map AustraliansXand Above Jap Base Along NewGuinea Coast Finschhafen Capture J Would Give Allies Control of Gulf STIMSON SILENT OVER MARSHALL Refuses to Confirm or Deny Reports Uashington of k War Henry L Stimson refused Thursday to deny or confirm re ports that Gen George C Mar shal may be made AngloAmeri can commaanderinchief but commented that generals are placed where they will be of the greatest possible use Questioned at a press and radio conference about published asser tions that the U S army chief of staff will be made commander of all AngloAmerican forces throughout the world Stimson said In general we dont put a general where we think he is not of the greatest possible use I dont wish to comment on any individual but that is the general Allied Headquarters In The Southwest Pacific Douglas MacArthur announced Thursday the seaborne landing of Australian troops above Finsch hafen enemy base 60 miles north east of Lae on the New Guinea and the destruction of rem nants of a Japanese garrison on Arundcl Island in the Solomons Under protection of warships and planes the Australians went ashore against enemy opposition at dawn Wednesday 6 miles above peacetime mission headquarters and just below the Song river At dusk on the previous day Japanese bombers and fighters sought to attack ships involved in the operations but were in tercepted between Lae and Finschhafen by P40s which shot down 4 bombers and S fighters at a cost of 1 inter ceptor Capture of Finschhafen on the Huon peninsula which is more suitable for ground action than any other territory previously at tacked on New Guinea would give MacArthur control of a gulf with in easy overwater striking dis tance of Japaneseheld Aew Bri tain and its stronghold of Rabaul On Arundel directly west of New Georgia American jungle troops destroyed enemy troops and reinforcements on iie islands north shore and also on nearby Saga Karasa Island to move with in artillery shelling distance of the Japanese garrison at Villa across Blacken Strait on Kolom bangara The Japanese guns at imperiled Vila immediately opened fire Where the new blow was struck above Finschhafen there are no swamps such as bogged the troops at Buna 170 miles to the south east The coastline is compara tively free of reefs facilitating seaborne reinforcement and sup ply There is an airstrip about 2 miles above Finschhafen but 1500tonner and bombed 2 other vessels In the Solomons 40 American cHvebombers bomb ers pounded the gunpositions fenVlinU The Japanese causec slight damage and casualties with 18 fighterescorted bombers which attacked allied positions in the Watut valley well inland from Lae in New Guinea and also mi nor damage in a H plane bombing strafing raid early Monday on Guadalcanal in the Solomons IOWAV IS ELECTROCUTED Ankeny Huffman of Boone Iowa was killed Wednes day when he came in contact with a 6500volt wire while working at the Ankeny transformer sta tion He was an employe of the Fort Dodge Electric company 60 VOLUNTEER FOR ARMY Des IHoines a rec ordbreaking class of 570 recent graduates of Iowa schools of nurs ing took their stale examinations at the capilol Wednesday 60 of them volunteered for the arnv mirse corps uid will be commis sioned as 2nd lieutenants if ac cepted Recanvass of Lagging Bond Areas Urged Des Moines war bond organizations were urgec Thursday to make a recanvass of town and country areas which have fallen behind in the 3rdwar loan campaign The state war finance commit tee in addition has designated Monday as quota day in hopes of giving further impetus fo the effort aimed at reaching Iowas quota The latest report from the Chi cago federal reserve bank shows 5116300000 worth of bonds soli in Iowa during the drive Vernon L Clark executiv manager of the committee said i Iowa fails in this campaign would be the has not met last report it was not serviceable i if Uou0ni Sixty miles northwest of Lac al Kaiapil xvhich airborne Australians captured Sept IS headquarters disclosed that a Japanese patrol of 200 was en countered the night of the transport landings The Aussies killed 120 of the enemy and routed Ihc others Widespread air blows of the allies augmented the latest ground operations In the Madiing sector northwest of Finschhafen the al ready disrupted coastal supply road took a new pounding Tues day which doubled the bridges destroyed to 8 Across Dampier strait from Fin schhafen liberators dropped 60 tons of bombs on the airdrome at Cape Gloucester New Britain and other planes raided the airdrome at Gasmala In the New Ireland vicinity re connaissance bombers set a 5000 ton enemy ship afire sank a 1 Iowa 1st time the stati war bond quol since the 2nd war loan drive o the first World war Clark said 4 Iowa counties have reported reaching their quotas bu names of 3 were withheld pend ing additional canvassing Greene county with Jefferson its county seat exceeded its quota of S838000 by more than S50000 In Washington county mean while a war bond theater pre miere has netted 5153000 sinci Monday Of this amount S116 500 was in bonds sold Wednesday at an auction of donated articles A Knotek brothers purebred Du roc hog was purchased and turned back by C R McCutchcn Co S30000 in bonds and finall ESCAPE ROUTE OF NAZIS CUT OFF IN CORSICA Air Land and Sea Pressure Placed on Germans in Island By WES GALLAGHER Allied Headauarters in North Africa sea and air lower threw a blockade around orsica Thursday cutting oft Ger man troops fleeing from French ind American forces closing in on iastia the enemys last seaport f It appeared doubtful that the Germans would be able to hold out on the small island much longer under combined air land and sea pressure Allied warships bombarded the trip of coast where the road oj runs close to the sea and Tupported the troops which car out a furious attack near Sol inzara 60 miles south ot Bastia Gen Henri Giraud French ommanderinchief just returned by air from a 2day trip to Cor sica predicted that all Germans would be ousted or killed on the island in from 10 to 13 days Gen Rene Chambe Giraud spokesman in relating details ol he French commanders visit to he island said that the attack had been prepared for 6 months and that 10000 Corsicans hac been armed with torn my guns which had been dropped bypara chute or takenin by submarine since last February Eighty thousand Italians on the island weretaking orders from the French he added but only a handful were fighting the Germans We have put them to work re building roads and bridges that were blown up and they must leave Corsica as soon as trans portation can be arrange d Chambe declared at a press con ference The Italians are not prisoners he said but under strict control while disposition of their arms awaited the orders of Gen Dwight D Eisenhower Allied headquarters announced advances ot 10 to 15 miles in cen tral and southern sectors of Italy in a forward sweep which was gradually forcing Field Marshal Gen Albert Kesselring to uncover the inland approaches to smoke smothered dynamite shattered Naples j Victorious French soldiers and American rangers pressed the Germans back farther into the northeastern corner of Cor sica while allied air forces bombed and machinegunned nazi ships seeking to remove es caping nazis from the evacua tion port of Bastia Allied soldiers were within sight and sound or the systematic wrecking of Naples by German demolition squads As the sound oC frequent ex plosions from the smoking city rolled over the hills toward the Americans and British allied headquarters announced that the Germans had scuttled at least 30 ships at Naples and blocked prac POLTAVATAKEN RAF Blasts SMASHING Hannover 26 iSOVIET THRUST Bombers Lost HAPPY ABOUT THE WHOLE prisoners taken by the British 8th army in its advance up the Italian peninsula seem to be happy about the whole thing Tired of being subordinated by their mm partners these Ital ians are ready to fight on the side of the allies Legion Backs Association to Nations to Maintain Peace Would Implement Group With Force ng the 1944 convention and We j inal choice will rest with the Prevent War Recurrence cs1onUto Lhommiueeilh ts dc to be made after mvita Omaha WTheAmerican ave giori national convehtionJThursr dayiiadopted eign relationscommittee declar ing that Americas national inter ests can best be protected by par ticipation in the establishment and maintenance of an association of free and sovereign nations im plemented with whatever force may be necessary to maintain world peace and currence of war prevent a re tically docks every berth along the Hates Hitler More Than Husband Gets Bond Forgets Divorce Hartford Conn Cohen theater manager reported that a woman who planked down S375 for a S500 war bond told him she had been saving the money to get a divorce but that she hated Hitler more her husband than she did Fjrcs have been burning along the docks for several days appar ently as the result of demoli said the announcement which was based on aerial re connaissance Charges were seen to burst along the docks Aerial photographs also showed a large industrial area north o the docks had been wrecked by bombings and the railroad yards demolished if The extent to this is soinjr on indicates the enemy is determined lo make Ihe bit port I of he largest and best peacetime harbors in Europe completely useless to allied when they occupy it the announcement stated In the inland sweep British and Americans swung the right of their line forward toward the Adriatic with Salerno serving DIES FROM INJURIES DCS Moincs But Iry 25 of Ames died at a hospi tal Wednesday of injuries received north of here Monday in an auto accident which also claimed the life ot Joe Burlcy 24 of Nevada s o m e w h a t as straightened out mountain bulges a hinge several and deep The report added that H would ue premature now lo slate particularity how the peace shall be implemented and enforced but it must be obvi ous now to all the world that no peace can be lasting and se cure for nations that arc not fully prepared lo maintain peace Jf The convention reaffirmed its faith in the foreign policy of the government Ray Murphy of Iowa past na j tional commander and chairman of the national foreign relations committee read the report The action preceded a speech by Admiral Ernest J King com mander in chief of the U S fleet who told the convention that shat tering blows against the enemy with all weapons that can be brought to bear synchronized and coordinated with mervhelmina assault constitute the aim of the navy The resolutions report re iterated a Lesion demand that aggressor nations which seek now to enslave the world shall be forever disarmed and made impotent to provoke another world conflict The report commended the policy of the government that no peace shall be made with our enemies except on the basis of their unconditional surrender It asked that stern and un relenting be meted axis leaders and all who share their responsibility for bringing to peaceful peoples the greatest agony the world has ever known No punishment can atone or heir crimes but prompt and un faltering retribution may serve to deter any who in years to come shall pattern after them Under suspension of the rules the convention voted to appro priate S3 5 6000 for the World war II liaison committee to con duct a campaign among men now in Ihc military services to encourage their joining the Legion when they become eli gible for membership by hon orable discharge Election of a national com Gerro Gordo Bond Sales Tola war bond purchases b Cerro Gordo countv of were reported Thursday by th county war finance committc which warned that only 1 week o he 3rd war loan drive remains The county quota is With 5837000 still to be raised purchases must average inor than 5100000 dailv if the i to be reached by Sept has been set as the deadline fo the 3rd war loan drive the com mittee pointed out The business and induslria quota has already been passed the committee announced but th long hard pull remains sinci individual purchases have re mained discouragingly slow A no time have individual purchase accelerated to the point reachei in the April a commute spokesman declared He called on Cerro Gordo coun ty residents not to wait for soli to wait on them since They advanced 10 miles north west of Potenza 15 miles north of Sala Consilina and 10 miles west of Mottola which is north ot Tar anlo capturing the towns of Accr no Avigliano and Genosa Acerno is 18 miles cast and slightly north of Salerno and fi miles north of Campagna re ported captured Wednesday important order of business be fore the convention The most likely choice appeared to bs 51 year old Warren Atherton Stock ton Cal attorney and chairman of the Legions committee on na tional defense The Legion has not yet received any invitations from cities want will be impossible to contact in d i v i d u n I s Buy immediately he urged from your own issnin agency in the nearest town If anyone is unable to come t the issuing agency a call to wa bond headquarters J360 in Maso City will bring a committee rep resentative he promised Rural areas cannot expect so licilors to use the lime and ga necessary to make a house I house canvass he added an such service should not be re quired The war bond headquar ters in the old Northwest Saving bank building will be open Sat urdrfy from 7 to 9 oclock and eac evening Monday through Thurs day he said for those unable t come in during the business dai Hand Grenade in Iowa Marines Blouse Saves Life From Jap Bullet Somewhere in the South Pacifi hand grenade cai ried in the upper left pocket of h dungaree blouse saved the life Sgt L W Schofield 22 of Coun cil Bluffs Iowa during an attac by marines at Viru harbor Me Georgia island Sergeant Schofield was leadin his platoon during an advanc through the jungle when the from a Jap bullet felled him Th m bullet struck the hand grenac mander to succeed Roane Waring and glanced off causing a dent of Memphis Tenn was the most one edge of the missile but important order of business be vnTnrHrnr exploding it The grenade was resting dircc ly over the marines heart A though he weather was hoi Se geant Schofield says he broke ov in a cold sweat 15 seconds late The marine is the son of M and Mrs G A Driver 124 We Broadway Council Bluffs By GLADVVJN HILL V London ailforces irevv a quadruple punch into en my Europe with an RAF mass aid on the reich city of Hannover Wednesday night a flying for ess attack on Nantes Thursday nd 2 U S marauder assaults eep into France All were carried out within a riod of 18 hours The air ministry said a very strong force of Britains big eest bomb carriers roared into north central Germany during the night to attack Ihe import ant railway and factory city of Hannover Twentysix of the jombers were listed as losl Preliminary reports show that highly concentrated attack was ompleted in 30 minutes leaving cry large fires with smoke rising o a great height a ministry ommunique said Smaller British bomber forma ons attacked the port ot Emden the extreme northwest corner f Germany and inland Olden urg a big army airforce and ailroad center east of Bremen The American fortresses streak across the channel at dawn before the British formations lad returned attacked naval in taliatlons at Nantes and two air iclds at VanncsMeucon and KerlinBatsard in western France Following up their longrange isit late Wednesday to Evereaux Fauville 45 miles west of Paris American marauders this morn rag attacked airfields at Conches 30 miles west of the French capi The British night raid on Han nover was the 4th big allied air blow in 3 months against nazi rubber sources Amid Hanno vers big industrial concentra tion of refineries locomotive and tanks works is the Contin ental Gummiwerke Germanys largest rubber factory This plant was hit in July b American flying fortresses whicl in June had attacked the rubbei factory at Huls A week ago the HAF flyers laid their destructive bombs across the big Dunlop works at Montlucou France Thursdays German commimi que said Hannover and Olden burg report casualties among the civilian population as well as con siderable damage to public build ings Antiaircraft forces sho down 21 enemy RAF fighters swept into Hol land and northwest Germany on intruder patrols during the night the air ministry announced anc destroyed 1 enemy aircraft Ene my airbases were the chief tar gets of he fighters Trustees in Prison Can Peaches for 10 Days and Then Flee Boise Idaho 10 days 3 trusties in the Idaho state peni tentiary labored canning fruits and the pile of peaches pears and tomatoes grew Enter Gomel Sector 150 Miles From Old Border of Poland London iP Premier Joseph Stalin announced Thursday that Poltava in the heart of the Ukraine has fallen before a smashing Russian offensive that carried also to the Gomel area of White Russia PremierMarshal Stalins spe cial order of the day announced triumphantly The troops of the steppe front successfully developing their of fensive forced he river Vorskla and after 3 days of fierce fighting captured the regional center ot the Ukraine the town of Poltava a powerful German center of re listance Poltavas fall which the Ber lin radio had previously ac knowledged eliminates the last major German base above the vital Dnieper river bend The breakthrough into White Russia near Gomel had been an nounced earlier by the Moscow adio Gomel is a rail center about midivay between Kiev and Smo lensk a bare 15 miles from the Dnieper and within 150 miles of the old Polish border White Russia overrun by the Germans in their crushing 1941 driveis the last great area lying between the triumphant Russians and old Poland on the central front It is bounded on the south by the Ukraine and the great Pinsk marshes on the east by the provinces of Bryansk and Smor lenskii and orv incnorth by the Pskov districtof thSJ Leningrad area on the north Its area is roughly 78550 square miles and its peacetime population was around 6000000 Poltava a city of 90000 lies on the Vorskla river in the fertile wheatlands of the Ukraine and is a control center of a network of railways radiating lo Kharkov Kiev Kremenchug and Dneprope trovsk It is 80 miles west o Kharkov 187 miles southeast of Kiev 61 miles northeast of Kre menchug on the Dnieper and 77 miles northwest of Dnepropetrovsk at the Dnieper bend X Captured by the nazis on Sept 20 1941 in their 1st pow erful drive across Russia Pol tava was the scene of the rout of Gen Denikens Russian White guards in the Russian civil war and the famous bat tleground where the Swedish army of Charles XII was de feated by the Russians under Peter the Great The city was isolated Thursday when Red army forces stormed he lown of Dikana 15 miles to the north and Golovach 6 miles to the south The German broad cast said that nszt troops de stroyed all military installations in Poltava before they continued their retreat westward toward the Dnieper With lie red army charging forward unchecked along the front the Berlin noonday news and grew Finally the men fled Warden Sam Poarch theyll be captured soon hopes Those peaches are getting riper every minute Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Continued cool Thurs day afternoon Slightly cooler Thursday night with frot heavy on lowlands Warmer by Friday noon whole 750mile radio said in bulletin that the center of gravity had shifted to southeast o Smo lensk the German central front bastion There the Germans reported the red army was storming at nazi positions with strong infantry and tank forces Bloody righting was said lo he raping west of Yelnya some 40 miles southeast of Smolensk and in the Oemidov region 42 miles northwest of the key cen ter Meanwhile Kiev Russias iin largest city and keystone of the j German defense wall of the Dnie Slightly cooler Thursday per river was menaced fram 3 forces a as menace night Slowly rising temperature directions as the red army Friday forenoon Light to mod continued to roll up victory after erate frost east and north cen tral portions Thursday night Minnesota Continued cool Thurs day night and Friday forenoon with light to moderate frost in cast portion and scattered light frost low places in west portion Thursday night IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Wednesday 66 Min Wednesday night 32 At 8 a m Thursday 39 Frost was recorded again Wed nesday nigilt AGO Maximum Minimum Precipitation 30 victory Dcmidov 12 miles northwest of Smolensk and 21 miles from the borders of White Russia was tak en by the Russians Thursday after 1 of the most sanguinary bat tles of the soviet summer drive Its capture after 2 days of bit ter fighting elicited a special or der of the day from Premier Jo seph Stalin who called the north ern bastion one ot the strongest German defense centers More than 8000 nazi troops were killed in the struggle for Demidov a Moscow communique declared When biiyinir pack of cUjarets contribute Sc to Cicarets for j Servicemen to buy pack for t man in service overseas
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