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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - September 14, 1943, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME COUP DEPARTMENT OP H ISTOKY ANfi ARCHIVES OES THE NEWSPAPK THAT VOL XL1X ASSOCIATED HISS ANBUWJTO LEASH WOK MASON CITY IOWA TUESDAY SEPTEMBER 141943 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS ALLIES RUSH SALERNO AID LOSS OF CITY IS ADMITTED BY GERMAN RADIO London Quarters Think Nazis Must Retreat Until Reaching Dnieper London troops captured the fortress city of Bry ansk Monday night breaching the Germans main defense line be fore the Dnieper river by seizure ofthat pivot of central and south ern German battleiines and center of a railway spiderwcb serving both fronts Evacuation of the keystone city held by the Germans since Octo ber 1941 was acknowledged Tuesday by the Germau radio soon after Moscow reported that the onpourifig red army was closing in on the city on the west bank of the Desna river Disruption of the rail network vital for German winter trans port heightened belief in Lon don that the backwardscurry ine nazis would not be able to halt their retreat now before reaching the west bank of the Dnieper The speed of their withdrawal toward Kiev and Dnieperopet otthe bridges and ferry crossings are available raised hopes that large forces of nazis might be trapped on the east bank of the Dnieper or even be overtaken while at tempting to cross it The German broadcast by DNB declared popu lation 87000 had been evacuated in good order and the troops had not been encircled or injured to a considerable degree Again Berlin preceded Moscow in announcing the victory for Russian arms The city of Bryansk the broadcast said which first be came known in this war by the great twin battle of Vyazma and Bryansk in the autumn of 1941 in the course of which German troops surrounded and captured several soviet armes with their entire materiel was evacuated by the Germans during Monday night It was undoubtedly the in tention of the Russian com mand to mete out a similar fate to the Germans here but this attempt must be regarded as having failed0 the broadcast continued Not only did the Russians not succeed in encircling the German forces in this area but they nei ther succeeded in injuring the Germans to a considerable degree nor in laying a hand on the mili t a iy establishments of the city which fell into German hands to gether with all their vast stores it added The Russian communique an nounced Monday night that red army forces had nearly completec the entrapment of the German garrison and had already capturec railway stations on the outskirt of the town Other Russian forces were storming ahead toward Kiev anc the Dnieper river on sectors of the front which extended southwarc from Bryansk to the Sea of Azov and the gateway to the Crimea the Moscow war bulletin dis closed Capture of Bryansk opened thi way for a drive on white Russia a bare 75 miles to the west So swift was the Russian ad vance in the upper Ukraine tha at Kruti rail station just east Nezhin the red army troops su prised and killed or captured a entire trainload of nazi reserve headed for the front lines South of Bakhmach whert other red army thrusts are point ing toward Kiev the Russian communique declared that th remnants of 4 nazi divisions originally totaling about 6000 men were encircled by soviet Iroops and wiped out o lOWAV IS KILLED Cedar Rapids W Chisman 45 of Monlicello lowa was killed Monday when he came into contact with a live wire anc fell 23 feet suffering a fracturet skull Chisman was an electrician at the LaplantChoato company plant here V Capture Bryansk ITALIAN ADMIRAL AT Admiral DZara salutes allied officers ashore as he arrives on his barge at the Malta customs house to surrender the bulk of the Ital ian fleet to Admiral Sir Andrew B Cunningham comman der in chief of the allied naval forces in the Mediterranean AssociatedPress photo by radio from Signal Corps Murder at Britt Escapes Conviction of Gol Coleman Is Indicated Selfridge Field Mich courtmartial of 9 colonels Tues day convicted Col William T Col man ousted commander of Sel fridge Field on at least 1 of 29 violations of 5 articles of war after 3 hours deliberation The first indication that the 39 year old army officer had been found guilty came shortly after lunch when the courtmartial was reopened and the officers called tor a copy of the defendants mili tary record to determine his pun ishment No statement was issued by the officers but if the courtmartial i had acquitted Colman there would have been no need to review his record An official statement will be made when the court fixes the punishment for Colman it was reported Nazi Claims of Evacuation Discounted BULLETINS By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS After first saying the allies were abandoning their Salerno bridgehead in Italy the German propaganda machine swung around late Tuesday saying it remains to be seen whether Clark W Clark cftn mander of the American 5th army considers the battle lost and is THOMAS J RDNYON Cites Chinese Saying That 1 Brother Serving in Army Is Enough New York an old Chinese tradition according to 29 year old Kiang Ah Yas that 1 brother in the army is enough Thats what he said in federal court Brooklyn in explaining why he had failed to register for selective service the federal bu reau of investigation said Mon day He was held in S500 bail on a draft delinquency charge IOWAN Malvern ELECTROCUTED Cun ningham 62 widely known far mer was killed when he came into contact with a power line while helping with wiring on the Harry Evans farm Monday Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Much warmer Tues day afternoon and Tuesday night continued warm Wednes day forenoon Iowa Slightly cooler Tuesday night and Wednesday forenoon Minnesota Cooler Tuesday night and Wednesday forenoon Light frost likely lowlands north por tion Tuesday nighL IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Monday Minimum Monday night At 8 a m Tuesday YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum Precipitation 60 45 49 70 60 05 Des Moines J Runyon serving a life term for the murder in 1935 of James Zrostlik Britt Iowa farmer es caped from the state penitentiary Monday night by digging his way under the electricallycharged fence surrounding the grounds the state board of parole ported Tuesday The escape was discovered at 8 p m when guards made the customary round of prisoners He is believed to have made his get away about a half hour earlier following the evening exercise pe riod in the prison yard D R McCreery member of the board said Runyon was the only prisoner who was missing It had not been determined yet whether the man was armed The escape was reported to the board of control this morning by Warden P A Lairison McCreery said Runyon was editor of The Presidio monthly magazine published by inmates of the penitentiary Runyon worked in the prison print shop which is inside the prison had never had an outside assignment He had not made any previous attempts to escape the board member added Runyon was 1 of 3 men who on Sunday morning Nov 2 1935 stopped the James Zrostlik fam ily on the highway 2 miles south east of Britt as Zrostlik his wife and year old son drove to church Runyon and his companions had wrecked a car they had stolen After shooting Brostlik and leav ing him to die beside the road the killers fled in the Zrostlik car After a search which took of ficers several times into Minne sota and South Dakota Runyon was apprehended Feb 28 1937 at Wichita Kans and returned to Iowa for trial While officers armed with machine guns stood around the county district court room he was sentenced by Judge Henry Graven to life imprison ment upon entering a plea of guilty to a second degree murder charge About 2 years after his admis sion to Fort Madison Runyon was taken to Winona Minn for trial in connection with a 83100 bank robbery at Eyota Minn which occurred 4 days after the Zrostlik killing Identified as 1 of 3 members of the Gibson gang implicated in the EyoU robbery Rnnyon heard himself sentenced once more to life imprisonment and Ihen was returned to Fort Madison Runyons alleged accomplices in the Eyota robbery were Claire Gibson who was arrested in Ore gon in 1937 and committed suicide in a Minneapolis jail and Rob ert Markword A body found later beside a highway in South Dakota was identified as Markword preparing forces a withdrawal of his London tank for mations driving down from the mountain heights have sliced to Salerno and the Italian coast and strong enemy detachments were cut off from their landing points a DNB broadcast from Berlin as serted Tuesday They are en gaged in breaking enemy resist ance on the coasts in the bridge head established by the American 5th army the broadcast recorded by the Associated Press said Allied Headquarters in North Africa battle was reported raging Wednesday with utmost fury as the famous German 88 guns tions hammered the allied posi at has re peatedly changed on the Sele river 17 miles south of the town The German radio claimed that nazi tanks had broken through U S artillery po sitions wiping out whole divi sions Allied Headquarters in North Africa American and British troop in the Salerno sec tor have repeatedly returned to the fierce battle on the beaches and on the roads several miles in land in an effort to extend and consolidate their bridgehead Al lied airpalnes from carriers shot down 10 nazi planes over the bat tle area and with bombers ham mered a 60mile arc of roads and bases around Salerno Nazi air support also was increased London The nazi DNB agency said that the allies had 2 battleships many cruisers and de stroyers and 50 to fiO transport and many landing craft southeast of Salerno to evacuate allied in vasion troops It said allied posi tions south of Eboli 18 miles south of Salerno were taken by j storm CONGRESS WILL SURVEY FATHER DRAFT OUTLOOK High Command Will Slate Views Prior to Congressional Action Washington ing from the summer recess con gress took prompt action Tuesday to survey the need for drafting piePearl Harbor fathers into the armed forces scheduled to begin Oct 1 The high command was called upon to state its views prior to congressional action on the sub ject Chairman Reynolds DN Car of the senate military af fairs committee announced hear ings Mould be opened Tuesday morning on the Wheeler bill to halt the fatherdraft and that Gen George C Marshall army chief of staff would testify next Monday at 10 a m The house military committee was asked to sit jointly with the senate group in that session Scheduled tp be heard Wednes dayare Undersecretary War Hubert returned from a toui of the Pacific fronts Lt Gen Joseph T McNarney deputy chief of staff and assistant to Marshall Admiral Ernest J King chief of naval operations and Maj Gen Lewis B Hersheyi director of selective service Reynolds asserted the high command will be called upon to justify the need for any furthei increases in the armed forces anc that he would attempt to hole back consideration of the Wheelei bill until General Marshall can be heard next Monday Reynolds said he favored ad mitting the press and the public to the committee hearings as there have been so many contra dictory statements on this sub ject The final decision on this point will rest with the com mittee Senator Wheeler DMont au thor of the bill to set aside the proposed general draft of fathers after the 1st of next month an nounced he would oppose any ad ministration efforts to delay a senate vote on his measure ant shortly afterward the administra tion was charged on the house floor with attempting delaying tactics Representative pro tested bitterly against a docismi by the house leadership to ad journ early Tuesday afternoor until Friday He asserted th lawmakers had returned to Wash ington anxious for immediate de London ob servers said Tuesday that the bitter battle for the allied bridge head at Salerno might decide the imemdiale course of the invasion t Italy but were inclined to be eve nazi reports ot evacuation allied troops were greatly verdrawn Dispatches emphasized that owerful German counterblows ad severely punished the invad ig forces but it was believed that he allies were still firmly cn at strategic points It recalled that the Germans nade a similar counterattack gainst the Americans at Gela uring the invasion of Sicily but vere stopped when they seemed have success almost within lieir grasp The Germans suf ered heavily in that battle The Germans had claimed that Hied troops were evacuating fter losing whole divisions Allied sources indicated lliat lie ships were bringing reinforce icnts rather than being used foi Viicuation bate and decision on the draft sue Headquarters in North UR The nazis were Allied Africa throwing everything into an ef fort to wipe out the Salerno in vasion force Tuesday and their superior positions in the hills gave them a great advantage Ameri can mobile guns were hitting back but were at a disadvantage as the enemy previously had fixed posi tions in the wooded heights Al the Front Near Salerno UR front dispatch from Reynolds Packard United Press corre spondent with the 5th army indi cated that the Germans were con centrating on the central sector of the Salerno front in an appar ent effort to split the allied bridgehead When buying a pack of ei carets contribute 5c to Cirirets for Servicemen to buy pack for a serviceoverseas Earlier Speaker Kayburn D Tex told his press conference that the decision to go over to Friday was reached because there was no business pending on the calendar He and other congressional leaders had an appointment for Tuesday after noon with President Roosevelt with the likelihood the father draft will one of the chief subjects discussed Wheeler said Tuesday he wa amending his pending bill to pro hibit indefinitely the induction o fathers instead of simply post poning such action until afte Jan 1 as the measure now reads I am going to call up the bi for action the very first opportu nity I have Wheeler said The declaration was Wheeler answer to administration propos als to delay action pending a fur ther statement from Genera George C Marshall army chief o and Admiral Ernest J King commanderinchief of the flee The Canadians are already dis banding some of their comba troops for civilian purposes Wheeler said This referred to an announce ment at Ottawa Monday night b Defense Minister J L Ralston th the Dominion planned to reduc home defense operational militar forces by about 20000 me through disbandment of the 71 and 8th divisions and partial dis bandment of the 6th division tanks Pushed Back by Fierce Nazi Thrusts Made on Bridgehead Allied Headquarters in North Africa and iieavy allied reinforcements are being thrown into the fierce Battle for the 24 mile Salerno bridgehead in Italy to stem savage nazi counterattacks that pushed the 5th army back at some points it was announced Wednesday British forces surging up from southern Italy non stand only 100 miles from making a junction to take some of the dangerous pressure off the invasion spearhead there The Mediterranean is alive with ships and planes speed ing in reinforcements under direct supervision of Gen The official German news agency DNB said 5 large trans ports and 30 to 40 landing craft began to embark allied troops at the southern end of the Sa lerno gulf bridgehead after German tanks and mechanized forces had broken through American artillery positions south of Kboli on a wide front Monday noon and took a num ber of batteries by storm A Swiss radio quoting Berlin sources said that a number of al vhadt arrived Cape ilacosa a southern en of he Salerno bridgehead pre sumably for a new landing abou lalf way between Naples and th British 8th armys bridgehead in southern Italy The broadcast asserted lliat tin ransports carried troops evacu ated from Salerno gulf but un official British sources believei hat if a landing were being at empted it probably was a operation involving fresh forces Allied sources in London de clined comment on the nazi re ports but acknowledged that the invasion had reached its most delicate and critical stage Between 8000 and 1000 Americans were killed in fightin around Eboli 18 miles southeas of Salerno according to claims another Berlin broadcast whi another 8000 to 10000 were a Icgedly taken prisoner The Gcr mans said they had captured po sitions southeast of Eboli b storm Berlin also claimed that who divisions eluding southeast of Salerno had been outecl and wiped out A military spokesman in Berlin according to the German trans ocean agency said that the allied struggle at Salerno had become iopeless for the 5lh army The Berlin radio quoting an official DNB news agency dis patch said that the allied evacu ation began north of Cape Licosa which lies at the southern end of the Salerno gulf 31 miles south of Salerno itself DNB said that the last 21 hours brought a decisive turning point in the fighting in the Salerno Eboli area and the German vic tory there can be compared only to Dunkirk A German communique said British and American troops were thrown back to their landing places from the Ebpli area Allied losses weredescribed as Very se vere German planeswere credited in the communique with setting fire to a cruiser and scoring bomb hits on 3 medium transports Military observers in London said it was obvious that the allied bridgehead had not been suf ficiently extended to bring the beaches out of range of German artillery nor had the allies had time to establish themselves in any great strength or to begin fighter operations on any consid erable scale from captured air dromes At the same time the Ger mans probably have had time to concentrate large forces against particular points of the bridge head and give fighter cover to their troops Tic observers described the Sal erno operation as more difficul than any previous amphibious un dertaking since the country is so favorable to the defenders anc since communications in the Naples area support fairly large troop movements DNB said allied losses in the of the 5th army in Gulf ot Salerno fighting had cx 1 American division I ceeclcd all expectations BATTLE ON FOR in area represents territory controlled by allies with arrows indicating the course of allied at Naples and the British Empire forces overrunning the heel and toe of the Italian boot Shaded area is German dominated The re mainder of Italy is virtually no mans land Unrest was reported in Corsica I and Germans were reported pushing their occupation of the Dalmatian coast in Jugoslavia Dwight D Eisenhower The bloody Salerno fighting was equal to the desperate bat tles at Gallinoli in World war 1 German broadcasts declared he allies are probably withdraw ng to sea as many troops as pos ible which means that they lave abandoned the enterprise al ogether There was no allied comment on this report Allied headquarters announced hat the British had captured Cos a in an advance up the toe and eized Ban 65 miles above Brind si on the Adriatic coast The British were pushing up ast Cosenza and were only about 00 miles south of the lower hinge of the 5th army brideghead Eboli s 15 miles southeast ot Salerno tsclf Allied tanks infantry and planes supported by thunderous naval cuns Germans meeldng to widen The Salerno area bridgehead several miles deep at the maximum ad vance The points where Hie nazis re gained ground were not identified by headquarters Field Marshal Gen Albert Kes selring threw armored divisions and the famous reconstituted Hermann Goering divsion against Lt Gen Mark Clarks 5th army and overhead increasing numbers ot nazi planes were engaged by hundreds ot allied bombers and fighters There was not the slightest al lied indication of any withdrawal from Salerno as reported by the Germans who said the withdrawal was continuing Tuesday morning after beginning Monday after noon Transocean said it was being made in complete The allied communique gave no details of the situation at Salerno saying merely Heavy fighting continues on the 5th army front The Germans arc counterattacking desperately and at certain points have re gained some of the ground taken by us The 8th army advanced ap proximately IB miles the ucst coast of Italy to reach Cos enza 90 miles from Reggie di Calabria ami at a limit the center of the arch of Thcitalian fool Cosenza is about 120 airline miles from Salerno On the heel of the boot other British forces were expanding their holdings out of Taranto and Brindisi One column was atBari 65 miles north of Brindisi on the Adriatic and another cutting diagonally across the heel from Taranto was at Gioja about midway between the naval base and Bari The American and British troops composing Clarks army who were landed on the coastal plain south of Salerno were fighting their way desperately to ward the mountains from which the Germans were pouring down a murderous fire on the invasion beaches The nazis were launching counterattack after counterat tack seeking to dislodge the allied infantry and tank units f The fighting is extremely heavy and it certainly is the bitterest land fighting encoun tered by an allied landing force in this war a military officer said The reconstituted Hermann Goering division the same one which gave the Americans and British so much trouble in north ern Tunisia near Medjez El Bab and in Sicily and the 15th and 16th armored divisions among the best the Germans have were contesting the American advance Meanwhile arrival new Ital ian naval units at Malta swelled the strength ot the erstwhile en emy fleet in allied hands to 77 ships including 5 battleships 1
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