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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - September 9, 1943, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL XL1X ASSOCIATED PRESS ATO WITCD UCASED WIRES MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY SEPTEMBER 9 1948 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OP TWO SECTIONS HOME EDITION uimr NO 287 AIDES RGHT NAZIS AT NAPLES Extensive Occupation rt RECORD PLANE RAIDS MADE ONIs Beheved NORTH FRANCE Greatest Formations Ever to Make Daylight Attacks Reported London WWith allied forces swarming into the heart of fallen said thatRmpral r Italy the greatest formations of commTrJI nf a n L American Ind British bombers Teg n ever hurled across the channel by dawn Thiirwliv in TW daylight pounded Thursday at etary cmy ports and air fields in north stimWi TL en France carrying into the 8th fhe Xdt ts in consecutive day a terrific aerial he 5th army s ol offensive which may form the This was General Clarks army dent road final prelude to invasion from the west The unprecedented assault launched in conjunction with the largest invasion exercises ever seen in the channel cli maxed 18 hours of steady pounding of Hitlers Atlantic fortifications during which not a single allied plane was downed by German air units charged with defending Europe against the waited allied push Enemy nava vessels and coast artillery were among the prime targets of the vast bombardment accompanying the invasion re hearsal which kept the French COastUne alight all Anight wife bomB bursts arid ffle and rattled windows Thursday morning 6 miles inland from the Englishshore It was like the battle of Britain the other way around said a resi on the DoverFolkestanb The huge combined operations workout started a flurry of rumors that the invasion of France final ly was under way despite an early communique announcing that the maneuvers were only ex ercises American flyiiiR fortresses and thunderbolt fighters spear headed Hie widespread daylight attacks First announcements from U S headquarters and the British air ministry said American heavy bombers and KAF fighterbombers struck at air fields and other targets in northern France while fighter squadrons patrolled the chan nel and suept over France all with remarkably little opposi tion American and British medium and light bombers started off the intensified attack late Wednes day sowing devastation around Boulogne An authoritative an nouncement said marauders of the U S 8th air force hit the same targets in daylight Thursday The Berlin radio quoted the German news agency DJvB Cav ing that Paris was the target of at least a portion of he huge bomber fleet which headed for Europe early Thursday The broadcast recorded by the Asso ciated Press said the attack was made on the northwestern part of Paris by both American and British planes A German communique broad cast by Berlin declared that 11 al lied planes were shot down dur ing attacks by strong Anglo American bomber formations on occupied territories in the west and over the Atlantic A joint BritishAmerican com munique announced however that all of Wednesday nights op erations were carried out without the loss of a plane V Dispatches from Folkestone said the sreat burst of daylight activity started shortly before 7 a m and during the 1st hour alone hundreds of marauders Venturas Mitchells and other bombers roared out across the coast in packed formations Almost simultaneously observ ers on the high cliffs between Dover and Folkestone heard the air raid warning sounding clearly in the former city but so far as could be learned not 1 German plane appeared on the British side of the channel or even of fered opposition to the bombers and their fighter escort The paucity of enemy aircraft testified to the thoroughness of the allies 7day preliminary cam paign against German operational bases in France and indicated the enemys wariness to match his de clining air strength against the allies mounting superiority in 5th Army By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS To the American Slh army commanded by one of the wars romantic figures Lt Gen Mark W Clark apparently goes the honor of being the 1st United States army to fight on the con tinent of Europe in World war 2 although its component parts were not immediately disclosed The Sths landing in Italy brings the ground forces of the United States nt grips again with the German war machine on a Eu ropean battlefield for the 1st time since the guns fell silent that 1 1th hour of the lllh clay of the llth month a quarter century ago The 34th infantry division which was a national guard unit composed of troops mainly from Iowa Minnesota and North and South Dakota is believed to be a pavt oE the 5th The makeup of an arniy changes from campaign to cam paign arul divisions no disclosure yet of the divisions xvhich have been welded together in this elite invasion force but some of the divisions which fought in Tunisia Sicily or in bolh are believed to The 34th infantry division bat tled in Tunisia under MajorGen Charles W Ryder LT GEX MARK W CLARK Forces NAZIS CENTRAL other AND NORTHERN Made on Italy ITALYOCCUPIED Assrt Most Italian Troops Allowed Selves Disarmed Without Fight London I German mili tary spokesman announced Thurs ITALIAN PORT OP NAPLES Italian Pounds Early at Door to Purchase War Bond SEE STORY ON PAGE 10 Veto Ciavarelli came lo the Mason City war bond bomb shelter forenoon and began knocking at the door which was He wanted to buy a bond Ciavarelli is Italian He still has 2 sisters in Italy yet he ex plained to Wilson L Abel chairman of die retailers bond drive who came across the street from place of business to learn Ciava rellis wants T Ciavarelli who lives at Manly is towerman for the Chicago Great Western railroad in the Mason City yards and works at night When he got the paper Wednesday and learned that his native Italy was out of the war I was so happy 1 cried most of the night he toid the chairman Im so happy its al over he explained because theyll be safe now The Americans will protect them speaking of his sisters He purchased his 12th S25 bond Thursday morning he said help ing to get the 3rd war loan drive under way in Cerro Gordo county The bomb shelter which serves as headquarters here for the bond drive was formally opened just before noon by F C Eighmey chairman of the county finance committee A police car carrying Mr mey Howard A OLeary chair man of the individual bond drive W H Rees chairman of the cor poration and industrial drive Howard Uliu A F of L member of the committee and Mr Abel headed the Mason City high school Headquarters at6 South Federal The war bond bomb shelter Cerro iordo county headquar ters for the 3rd war loan drive is located al 6 South Federal avenue II will be open from 9 a m to 5 p m daily except Sunday Chairman F C Eigh mey announced Thursday In addition it will be open from 7 to 9 p m on Saturdays to ac commodate shoppers who wish lo buy war bonds and stamps The telephone number for any one wishing information about bond purchases is 1360 Back the attack with ail extra invasion bond during Septem ber Hanford to bond headquarters for the ceremony Following a short prayer by he Rev Ray E Duggcr pastor ot Ihe First Baptist church Mr Eighmey turned the key to open the door and officially get the drive under way which is to raise S2G44000 in Cerro Gnrdo county during the Weather Report FORECAST Iowa Continued coo with light frost in noiihwesl and north central portions Thursday night Rising temperature Friday Xore r r Mason City trAnmed ably Actfol afternoon andiTliursday night Possibly on low ground Thuis daynighl Rising temperature Friclay iorenom Minnesota Continued cool north and west portion and slightly southeast portion Thurs day nighl Not quile so cool Fri day forenoon Liglil frost north and east portions Thursday night IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Wednesday 62 Minimum Wednesday night 40 At 8 a m Thursday Sii Kain Q2 A few isolated reports of very light frost in lowlands Wednesday night were received YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 70 63 Gunman Steals and Pound of Butter Ios Annelnt A gunman a chain grocery store pound held ay that north and central taly have been occupied by Ger man troops a Berlin broadcast said In so far as he occupation had I been carried out already it lias now hecn done hi most owns nf Haly Ihe armed forces allowed those forces to be disarmed by Germans without offering put into force by nazi occu declared the broadcast still pation troops immediately after quoting the naxi military spokesThursdays announcement that man Premier Marshal riefro Badoglio had capitulated Berlin made it clear that Ger many intends to fight for the Men Italian kingdom As the battle thundered into its climactic phases other swift breaking developments included 1 Swiss dispatches said ex Premier Mussolini had been shift ed from Italy to the island of La Maddalena off the northern coast of Sardinia to prevent any axis attempt to rescue him At the same time the spokes man declared allied troops which landed Tuesday on the Gulf of Eufemia north of Palmi had been enveloped by German troops and their annihilation was imminent Wednesday eve ning Reuters reported from Stock holm that Adolf Hitler had held a Thursday at which it was decided to reinforce the German in nortlieSrataly Svenslfti Dagblaflet said theallies fight lauued on Sardinia last major At the same time the German axis bastion in Ihe western Medi radio began issuing a stream of orders apparently for the purpose of confusing the Italians and con tradicting earlier steps taken by the surrendering Badoalio regime in Italy One Berlin broadcast said a new Italian fascist government set up by the Germans in Ger many had issued orders to Italian ships to remain in continental ports and that the air force would bomb ships which sail for north Africa as was ordered by Marshal Bidoglio Wednesday A 2nd announcement from the Berlin radio said a military spokesman declared that con formably with an agreement the Italian army in Greece Italian troons after surrender ing heavy material will with draw to the coast and there await further instructions from the German high command Another nazi controlled radio in Norway said nazi and Croat puppet police units occupied the Italian legation and consulale in Zagreb Croalia Wednesday night after disarming iill Italian forces in the city and arresting Iciiding Italian personalities U S government monitors reported Meanwhile however a Reuters dispatch from Stockholm indi cated that the Italian peace was having repercussions in Germany itself The dispatch said that blackshirled elite guards were pa trolling the streets of Berlin and that Swedish correspondents re ported an atmosphere of tension prevailed in the city Germany tried to put n frail prop under capitulated Ituly with its announcement of the forma tion of a national fascist govern mcnt in the name of Mussolini which by all possible means will bring Ifily out of the war wilh her honor intact and her fuliire life assured the new government whit stands and acts in Mussolini name the Berlin commentate cried Soldiers Do not obey the false of treason Refuse to surrender to the enemy Re fuse to fight agaiml your Ger man comrades in arms Those who can continue to Kent at their side Let the others reach their homes and await orders which will he promptly given before the Germans from Italy By ROGER GREEXE Associated Tress War Editor Fresh American troops were itriking inlo the heart of newly iiirremlerecl Italy against strong German opposition Thursday after landing during the night in the Naples area within 100 airline miles of Rome and unconfirmed told of other allied land ings at Genoa Leghorn and in Sardinia Simultaneously a Berlin broad asl asserted that German forces i Haly estimated at 250000 to troops disarmed Italian soldiers after crushing local resistance The broadcast said stops to maintain Italy as a battleground ALLIED TROOPS ARE ENGAGEDW FIERCE BAT1H Flying Forts Wipe Out Nazi Headquarters in Attack on Frascati Allied Headquarters in North Africa pow erful American and British force under U S Lt Gen Mark Clark surged ashore n the vicinity oC Naples a 3rd of the way up the Italian boot at 4 a m Thursday terranean 3 Berlin announced the forma tion of a dummy national fascist government in the name of Mus solini in Germany and beamed appeals lo Italian soldiers not lo obey the false orders of treason Sharp fighting had already broken out between Italian and German soldiers however by Berlins own acknowledgement as Italian troops obeyed Premier Badoglios order for them to submit to the allies but attacks from any other quarters 4 Radio France in Algiers indi cated that allied occupation ol axisheld Corsica was imminent teilmg Corsicans in n broadcast that they were on the threshold of liberation 5 Stockholm dispatches s a i rt Adolf Hitler held a war council Thursday at which it was decided to reinforce the German Po river line in northern Italy and fight to the last man 6 The status of the Italian nav al and merchant fleets still re mained in doubt Under the terms of unconditional surrender Gen Sir Henry Mailland Wilson allied commander in chier in the middle east directed ill Italian ships in the eastern Mediterranean to pro ceed to Cairo and Palestine 5 With the surrender of Italy the entire German position in Ihc Balkans was thrown into confu sion and advices reaching London said Hitlers whole ramshackle political structure in southeast Europe seemed in danger of fall ing to pieces 8 In Hungary Regent Admiral Nicholas Horthy summoned hi chiefs of staffs and promised most important declaration late Thursday Rumania and Hungan were both shaky torn betweci nazi pressure and a desire to ge on the winning side of the allies 9 London military commenta tors agreed that the allies ncx n his broadcast to the Italian P v o Ul be driv f Ac uVnTr row Adriatic sea from southern Italy into axisoccupied Greece Albania or Jugoslavia Thirl Italian divisions were expected Ic be withdrawn from Ihc Balkans sharply weakening German gar risons there and compelling Hit ler either lo send in a stream o reinforcements which he can il afford or give up the southeast flank of his socalled European fortress 10 Allied headquarters a nounced that Gen Sir Bernard From shame and suffering let that Gen Sir Bernard L us make Italy emerge untainted Montgomerys British 8th army and powerful The Italian havc moved forward con and powerful The Italian nation al fascist government will inexor Slderably m southern Italy afte ably punish the traitors Ihc men iv landngs early Wednesday a who are solely responsible for de Valentia on the Gulf of Eu feal fcmia and have now blocked The surrender of Italy threw into confusion the entire German off Ihe entire southern end of th Italian toe position in the Balkans and Adolf H Repercussions in Germany Hitlers whole ramshackle poli itscir were indicated in a Reuters tical structure in southern and dispatch from Stockholm which southeastern Europe seemed lo be said Hitlers blackshirlcd elite in danger of falling to pieces even guards were patrolling the slrcels OO tnP fJormanc T tn rlrjism nf are driven of Berlin atmosphere o high tension 11 was immediately en gaged by German forces fighting fiercely in the midst of the chaos of Italys unconditional sur render but allied headquar ters announced that opera tions were going according to plan and that prisoners already had been taken At the same time it was an nounced that vyayes of flying striking 6 hours before the armistice with Italy had out German military Invasion Fleet Swarms Over 1000 Square Mile Area Allied Headquarters In North Africa from a flight over the Naples district a Ca nadian flyer said Thursday the whole area of approximately I 000 square miles was swarming with an invasion fleet Flying Officer John Anthony Vasicek 20 year old spitfire pilot from Chatham Ont brought back Ihe 1st eyewitness account of the allied landings He over the region on his way lo a reconnaissance mission shortly after dawn ThrouKh the haze I sud denly saw what al first appeared to be a moderately large amount of shipping he said Then an 1 got closer to the bay I got a more accurate picture and re alized the whofe area of ap proximately 1000 square miles was swarmine with an invasion fleet liiarters in Italy with a ter rific halfhour bombinjf of Frascati 12 miles outside Rome Official reports said the town nearly every building of which was occupied by German officers was leveled The lovn with a population of about 12000 is famous for its wine The landing operalions Thurs day morning 9 p in Wednesday cenlral war putting Ameri cans into combat in Italy for the first lime initialed what was like ly lo prove the grimmest campaign yet fought in Hie Mediterranean theater British Gen Sir Harold Alex ander who commanded allied Rrnund forces through Ihe Tu nisian and Sicilian campaigns is directing he new of all Iroops in Italy it vas an nounced The makeup of Gen Clarks force was not announced He has been commanding the American Slh army in North Africa but Swiss and Swedish radio reports said it was Ihe American 7th army which was engaged in the Naples area Swiss radio reports said allied planes in hundreds were descend ing on newly obtained Italian air fields Aside from the landings in the Naples area rumors flew of al lied landings all along the west ern coast of the Italian pcninsufcj Reports reaching Madrid united nations troops were at Ostia port of Home and also ijt Leghorn important port and base 160 miles north of Borne Stockholm nenapapeni MM the allies were attacking from bridgeheads at 2 other places on both sides of Rome at Civitavecchia miles mirth the capital an4u GaeU
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