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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - September 3, 1943, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME COUP DEPARTMENT OF AND ARCHIVES IA DES THE NEWSPAPER THAT HOME EDITION MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL XL1X ASSOCIATED PRESS PRESS FULL LEASED WIRES MASON CITY IOWA FRIDAY SEPTEMBER 3 1943 NO 282 HUGE ALLIED FORCES BEACHHEADS GERMANS REEL BACK ON 600 MILE RED LINE Gain of 6 Miles on Smolensk Frontier Is Reported by Russians BULLETIN London German radio announced Friday that the soviet army had launched a grand offensive in the central Donets basin area of south Russia Friday morning LONDON The Germans rolled back Friday along a 600 mile front under staggering Rus sian blows that cut the main nazi rail link between the central and southern sectors 150 miles from Kiev crashed into the Smolensk defense perimeter for a gain of 6 miles and shattered strong enemy positions in a new drive ino the northern Donets basin Five red armies were engaged in the gigantic soviet offensive which threatened the entire German battle line on the east ern front The speed of the Russian ad vance which already lias cracked the enemys 1941 invasion lines indicated that the Germans were to get behind theirDnieper river defense system Russian generals were giving them no rest throw ing immense forces of men and motorized equipment into the of fensive Capture of the Ukraine strong hold of Sumy 90 miles northwest of Kharkov by Gen Nikolai Vatu t ins command was announced personally by Marshal talm in an order of the day Tiursday while a communique told of the storming of Krolevets and Yam pql on the important Bryansk Kiev railway linking the southern and central fronts The Donels basin drive yield ed the cities of Voroshilovsfc Slavyanoserbsk and Lisichansk while Budenovka 20 miles from Mariupol fell to red arms troops in their push along the LAND ON 1 in the above map shows allied forces landed Friday on the mainland ot Europe was rim of the Sea of Azov the com munique said here emphasized that the Ger mans were battling stubbornly all along the 600mile front in their effort to get the bulk of their armies safely across the Dnieper Nearly 10000 German dead were counted in Thursdays fight ing as the soviet troops carried their advance through 250 villages and towns many of them of stra tegic importance Tor a 2day bag of nearly 550 enemyheld locali ties Stalins 1943 offensive to date has brought the red armies more than halfway a 1 o n x their comeback trail from Stalingrad to the Polish border JWith the capture ofKrolevets 25 miles north of the vital rail junction of Konotop soviet spear heads are a bare 150 miles from Kiev This operation further flanked Bryansk from the south and placed the nazi southcentral a mov lu Kiev lies 32 miles northeast of Krolevets Knox 3rd of Nippon Cargo Ships Sunk Washington S e c r e t a r y Knox announced Thursday that I of Japans total merchant shipping approximately 2500000 tons has been destroyed The navy chief declared this destruction of one of Japans most vital war resources was chiefly accomplished by Amer ican submarines although all united nations sea ami air forc es have participated in the sinkings Knox agreed with a questioner at his press conference that the enemys loss of cargo tonnage was impairing the ability of the Japa nese to exploit profitably their rich territories in the southwest Pacific Whether this loss of tonnage was responsible for the withdraw al from Kiska Island in the north Pacific md from islands in the central Solomons in the southwest Pacific Knox said he did not know But he added that those withdrawals certainly had been brought about by overseas com munication difficulties in making the estimate of ac tual tonnage sent to the bottom of the China Sea and western Pa cific by united naitons forces Knox used figures which he said he could not officially confirm But he said they had been wide ly published and frequently rc PLANES SMASH NAZI RAILROAD LINE TO ITALY Bridge Near Brenner Pass Destroyed in North Italian Raids Allied Headquarters North Af rica American flying for tresses in their longest raid of the war from north African bases have smashed the German life line into Italy by wrecking a rail way bridge just south of the Bren ner Pass a communique an nounced Friday T Apparently flyine more Hun 1300 miles round Irip the for tresses blasted t h c railway bridge at Bolzano 40 miles south of the German border only a few hours before British and Canadian invasion troops landed in southern Italy Another contingent of Hying fortresses cut the Brenner Pass railway at Trcnlo 0 miles far ther south while a ird formation bombed the northern industrial center of Bologna 200 miles north of Rome The raids tin Bolzano and Trento obviously were timed to derive the axis high command ot Us most important route ot re inforcement between ber 1941 was 6368891 tons In addition the Japs have built or acquired in the interim an estimated 1250000 tons to live a grand total of tonnage When buying a pack of cigarets contribute 5c to Cigarets for available or built of 7618831 Servicemen to buy pack for a j man in senice overseas Ask Adam New Serial Story of Romance Sabotage and Thrilling Adventure Starts in This Issue Turn to Comic Page Destruction of of this to tal put the Clients ton nage loss at 253DG30 an estimate based on the published informa tion rather than on official navy figures although Knox used these totals quite freely and apparently with considerable confidence in their general accuracy Knox said that of the total of enemy shipping destroyed 77 per cent had been sunk by submarines mostly American while the re maining 23 per cent was sent to the bottom by a combination of all other forces FT a mofifetit when flic greatest demands were about to be made upon it to com bat the allied invasion The Bolzuiii railroad bridge carrying the line from the Bren ner Pass has been hit and broken the northwest African air forces communique said Hits also were made on the yards and adjacent tracks At Trento also on the route from the Brenner Pass the rail way also was blocked and a road bridge broken fires and explosions were touched off in warehouses and railway yards at Bologna The fortresses flew the entire distance to the A railway centers unescorted but only t plane out of the formations was lost An Italian communique broad cast by the Rome radio said dam age was caused in all 3 cities par ticularly in Bologna Other allied air fleets ripped railway communications and airdromes throughout southern Italy and as far north as the Naples area Medium bombers with nn es cort of longrange fighters con centrated a heavy attack on rail way yards at Cancello n cat Naples blocking lines radiating from the yard Strong fighter opposition was encountered but 2i enemy air craft were shot down Ten es corting allied fighters were lost Medium light and fighter bombers hit railway communica tions and enemy positions at many positions in southern Italy An ammunition dump was blown up and 1 of a number of barges at tacked was set afire From all of these operations and in the course of patrols and reconnaissance missions a total of 14 enemy aircraft were de stroyed the Fifteen of missing Reggio Calabria Scilla Captured Germans Admit Many Tanks Lead Thrust By EDWARD KENNEDY Allied Headquarters in North Africa Brit ish and Canadian troops spearheading the 1st of sev eral expected invasions of Hitlers Europe won a foot hold in southern Italy Friday after a predawn cross ing from Sicily under cover of a terrific land air and sea bombardment A Berlin broadcast acknowledged that the inva sion forces quickly captured Reggio Calabria across the Strait of Messina from Sicily and Scilla small sea port 12 miles to the northeast The broadcast recorded by the Associated Press in London said one invasion column headed by many tanks already was pushing eastward beyond Reggio Calabria after a stiff fight in which it was claimed many landing barges were sunk and considerable losses suffered by the attack ing forces The united natrons radio at broadcast heard by U S government moni tors said the British stormed through the wreckage of pillboxes coastal batteries and road blocks under the 1st impact of the attack and were pushing through lemon and olive groves crisscrossed with ditches and minefields toward 6000foot communique said our aircraft are Wea IN FULL SWING Flying Forts HjitFreiich Plane Plants London flying fortresses attacked the Caudron Renaull airtaalt fa dory on the outskirts of Paris and an aircraft assembly plant at Meulan Les Mureaux northwest of Paris in a daylight attack Friday as allied invasion forces stormed onto the Italian mainland a joint British American communique announced Other formations of flying fortresses and marauder me dium bombers allaekcd 5 enemy air fields in northern France said he bulletin issued by the British air ministry and the U S armys European theater headquarters t The fortresses attacking the plane factory and assembly plant met heavy opposition and shot down 23 enemy fighters Only a few enemy planes were encount ered by the bombers carrying out the other attacks The bombers which blackened the skies throughout the day in 1 ol the wars most widespread series of daylight assaults on west ern Europe were escorted bv American thunderbolts and RAF dominion and allied spitfires The thunderbolts blasted 4 ene my fighters out of the sky and the spitfires knocked down 2 others V Kijrht heavy bombers and 2 fighters were reported missinsr from the raids Results of ihc damage created by the attackers in their sledge hammer blows at axis air poxvcr were not included in the commun ique Long before the official an nouncement was issued the Rome radio reported that Paris had been bombed causing Very heavy damage ITALY INVASION Mason City Scattered showers late Friday afternoon and Fri day night cooler Friday night and forenoon Iowa Scattered thuudcrshowers Friday night and in north and west portions Friday afternoon and in extreme east portion Saturday forenoon cooler in west and central portions Fri day night and in south and cast portions Saturday forenoon IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Thursday 79 Minimum Thursday night 57 At 8 a m Friday 56 YEAR AGO Maximum 70 Minimum 4g Precipitation 13 Allies Take Advantage of Superiority London Rome radio said Friday night that allied forces were taking full advantage of material superiority in invasion of Italy The enemys invasion is now in full swing said a broadcast recorded by The Associated Press The enemy has set foot on the Italian mainland and is taking full advantage of material superior ity Important Task Expected for Yankees London London Star speculated Friday that the U S 7lh army not mentioned in the communique on the Italian inva sion has been assigned a very important task In an article in the Star Gener al Sir Robert GogclonFinlayson said we can be ciuitc sure that the 7th U S army is destined by General Eisenhower to land some where in Italy very soon but it is impossible yet to say where The 7th army will have been assigned a very important task Messina is just the beginning an Evening Standard editorial said It is not likely that allied strategy foresees only a landing at the toe and steady sober prog ress up ihc foot ol the mainland For several hours the London censors halted dispatches quoting speculation appearing in London newspapers Dispatches were re leased when the Germans drew the obvious conclusion that American forces might go into action later 8th Army Has Honor of Being1st By DAMEL LUCE With the British Eighth Army Which Invaded Italy Gen Sir Bernard L Montgomery ad dressed a personal message to his 8th army troops just before they attacked the Italian mainland tcihng them there could be but one end to the battle success This was his message Having captured Sicily as our first slice of the Italian home country the time has now come to to the main MIUKI their i carry the battle on I land of Italy To the 8th army has been en the great honor of being PERFECT 40YEAR RECORD Boone W Clark 67 who attended Sunday school at Marion street Methodist church for more than 40 years without missing a session died Wednes day 1st troop of the allied armies to land on the mainland of the con tinent ot Europe We have a good plan and air support on a greater scale than we ever had before There can only be one end to this next battle another success Forward to victory Let us knock Italy out o the war Good luck and God bless YOU all bitter mountain Allied headquarters said how ever that no official announce ments concerning the progress of the offensive were expected be fore Saturday The seasoned warriors of Gen Sir Bernard L Montgomerys 8lh army under the overall com mand of Gen Dwight D Eisen louer stormed across the choppy straits in closepacked little boats the dark hours before dawn under a screaming canopy of steel thrown by land batteries and sea force of cruisers destroyers monitors and gunboats Overhead flew dark forma tions of hundreds of planes which smashed i path through the beach defenses and scram bled the enemys network of communications throughout the Italian toe In crippling prcinvasion as saults flying fortresses knocked out at least temporarily the vital railroad feeding German troops through the Brenner pass inlh Italy ami U S Mitchell bombers wrecked kingpins of railway dc Iense lines in the Naples area There still was no definite word of the degree of resistance but it was certain the invaders had cut out i difficult task for themselves as the fighting was over rugged terrain marked by crags and cliffs close to shore which lent themselves naturally to defense Thus once again Adolf Hitlers legions which had boasted they held the continent secure were being engaged on the European mainland The first of Hie invaders British and Canadian contingents of Gen eral Montgomerys famed com mand set foot on the Calabrian coast opposite eastern Sicily at a in p m Thursday The crossing of the strait was made under cover of a moon less iiicht It entailed Ihc mov ing of a great armed force across the narrow arm of the sea only 2 miles wide at its narrowest But even in the starlight the outline of the mountains rising from the Italian toe could be seen from Sicily The American General Eisen hower was in supreme command of the historic operations Ameri can planes and warships played a prominent role in the preparations and support of the landings While troopladen barges churned across the narrow strait ot Messina artillery on Sicily thundered a heavy barrage against enemy gun positions warships bombarded the beaches and a big 1
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