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Mason City Globe Gazette Newspaper Archive: August 31, 1943 - Page 1

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Publication: Mason City Globe Gazette

Location: Mason City, Iowa

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   Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - August 31, 1943, Mason City, Iowa                             NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION lillill CITY IOWA of TOQ CHURCHILL URGES 3 POWER PARLEY REDS ANNOUNCE MASSIVE BREAKS IN NAZI LINE ON 200 MILE FRONT CLOSE AGAINST Nazis Faced With General SMOLENSK NORTH UKRAINE Red Guns Boom Again and Again to Celebrate Russian Victories BULLETINS London series of Russian victory an nouncements revealed Tues day night that red armies in 2 nvassive break throughs undermining Ger man defenses on a 200mile front were closing against the key central front base of Smolensk and had burst into the Ukraine from the north London Rus sian communique Tuesday irghl announced the cap turc of Dorocobuzh 30 miles east of Smolensk London soviet armv captured the towns of Yelnya and Glukhov in twin drives against the center of the German front Premier Joseph Stalin announced Tuesday in 2 orders of the day The soviet premier first an nouiiced the victory at Yelnya 45 miles cast of Smolensk A short time later he followed it up with the triumphant an nouncement that a 2nd drive In the Seisk sector had netted Glukhov 42 miles northeast of the important railwayjunction of Konofop V Stalin also disclosed that this push had captured Rylsk 44 norln of Sumy and 67 miles east of Konotop The dual announcements hailed the 2nd and 3rd important vic tories for the Soviets in 2 davs Moscow had just heard the vic tory guns celebrating the capture of Tasamog on the sea ol Azov in southern Russia when the guns were ordered again to fire 12 sal voes for Yelnya Yelnya is 35 miles west of Spas Demensk The last town reported captured on the mainline railroad running from Latvia eastward through Smolensk and into central Russia V Stalin called Jfelnya an oper ationally important larse road junction and the most import int center of resistance on the defenses in the Smolensk direc tion The city was taken after soviet troops broke through strongly fortified German defense lines Stalin announced Tht capture of Yelnya a day ator the capture of Taganrog more than 600 miles to the south gave striking proof of the power of the soviet summer offensive which now has recaptured Orel Belgo I RUSSIA 050 MILES par fe Stalin ZaporozheH Taganrog Seo of liiJIf Azov slri ANCHOR right flank anchor point of the Ger man southern front at Tagan rog has been abandoned by the nazis in the face of increasing H u s s i a n pressure including drives toward Poltava Krasno crad and Stalino Arrows indi cate points of greatest Russian pressure Shaded area is held by Germans rod Kharkov Sevsk Karachev Taganrog Yclnya and hundreds of lesser towns Red army cavalry and tank units on the sea of Azov were re ported wiping out remnants of the German garrison of Taganrog which had fled west of the city and were advancing to threaten the seaport of Mariupol 75 miles lo tiie west They already had driven along the coast 23 miles toward the Mius river city Other forces surging north from Taganrojr were said to be only 26 miles from Stalino Ger man headquarters for the entire southern front said a British broadcasting company dispatch recorded by the National Broad casting company The capture of Taganrog fol lowed the same general pattern as the pincers movement which re sulted in the fall of the German bastions of Orel and Kharkov ear lier this summer The soviet com munique disclosed that red army divisions had launched a drive from DonelskoAmvrosievka Jo miles northwest of Taganrog to Veselovozncsenskaya 28 miles west of the city while other Rus sian forces closed in from the east The communique said the Germans suffered heavy losses in men and equipment in the ensuinr tattle if German broadcasts dismissed the defeat as a strategic with same terms used to describe the fall of said that military installations had been destroyed in the face of the Russian advance Taganrog is the 6th major Ger man stronghold to fall to the Rus sian armies since they turned the abortive German push which started July 5 in the central sector into a red army Action on other fronts found the soviet drive on Bryansk impor tant rail junction and German base 200 miles southwest of Mos cow gaining momentum with the Russian communique announcing gains of six to 13 miles and the capture of 50 villages Russian columns pushing on from Kharkov apparently were meeting stiff German resistance The nazis launched a counter attack with large forces from Lyubotin 17 miles west of the city the Russians said but it was smashed and the soviet troops pushed on establishing new positions On the Sevsk front the Russians said they pushed ahead to capture aO towns They reported heavy German resistance amounting to as many as 20 counter attacks a day in some instances The days recapitulation of Ger man losses in the Russian com munique showed more than 5000 nazis killed 150 tanks damaged or destroyed and 59 planes shot down in combat or by ground batteries BUT War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Warmer Tuesday aft ernoon highest temperature slightly above 90 warmer Tues day night scattered thunder showers and cooler Wednesday forenoon increasing winds Iowa Scattered showers and thunderstorms Tuesday night and in east portion Wednesday occasionally fresh to strong winds Tuesday and Wednesday forenoon cooler in west portion Tuesday night cooler Wednes day forenoon day night and in north and east portions Wednesday fore noon and in west and north ccn tral portions Tuesday night Winds occasionally 20 30 miles an hour IN MASON CITY Maximum Monday 87 Minimum Monday night B7 At 8 a m Tuesday 6ft Rai 06 inch YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum m Last Vestiges of Military Revolt Are Crushed King Prisoner Stockholm Ger man occupation authorities in Denmark having crushed the last vestiges ol a military revolt after 2 days of violent fighting were faced Tuesday with a new threat as a series of general strikes against their dictatorship broke out in 9 cities With King Christian a prisoner in Sorgenfii castle most of the government members jailed or under house arrest and scores of other prominent Danes in prison Gen Hermann von Hannecken OM near this southwestern New moved to tighten the German York community late Monday military grip over the country by rounding up all Danish and navy officers Von Hanneckeu rushed troops lo areas where strikes were re ported paralyzing every type of business The cities affected were Skagtn Jhoerning Saeby A a I b o r c Vibore Aarhus Grenaa Fredericia and Sven borsr Extraordinary efforts were taken to prevent spread of the strikes to other industrial centers The strikes indicated the Danes were uncowcd by threats of dras tic penalties including death under Von Hanneckens martial law decree instituted before dawn Sunday when he stripped the government ot Premier Eric Scavenius of all power and sent a nazi captain to tell King Chris tian You are my prisoner With the sovereign and the gov ernment which resigned within a few hours apparently power less Danish citizens living in Stockholm expressed belief that political leaders outside Denmark would form a free Danish govern ment in London and ally it lor mally with the united nations Free Danish leaders headed by Christmas Moellrr have been functioning in London but un til now had not authority lo exercise governmental powers The nazi overlords recocnized the threat of Moellers influence in Denmark by immediately arresting most of the leaders of his conservative party Danish legal experts in Sweden took the view Tuesday that a state of war now exists between Ger many and Denmark since the mil itary dictatorship powers which von Hannecken says he is apply ing under article 42 of the Hague convention can be exercised only by an enemy force Reports reaching Sweden through rigid nazi censorship said 1000 army and 200 navy officers had been interned One uncon firmed rumor reported a roundup ot Danish Jews in which SO yere arrested including C B Hen riqucs leader of the Jewish col ony in Copenhagen Danes living in Sweden pre dicted however that the most stringent naii controls would not halt Danish resistance to Col Gen Herman von Han neckens dictatorship Already tha Danes besides sink ing their own fleet have blown up all Danishmanned fortifications except those at Midelgrunet Here however the garrison threw all its ammunition into the sea before the Germans had an opportunity to seize it Over the naziconliolled Danish radio the Germans announced ihat all functions would be naziiicd in a new arrangement o the public life of Denmark A neverending stream of ref women and children only a few scattering belongings poured into Sweden throughout Sunday They came in rowboats motorboats and smal sailing craft Scores were reported drowned as German naval craft and turn One mo said all over back reached Mai foma ere 1 of the 1st building taken ove quarters sons being killed or wounded Sun t 1 j wunaeci out railroad offic als said 23 aSiS m statislics daj I a Battle between Danish sons died instantly and 3 Tues Alaxmum Mondav P7 and German solrilorc ot held out against the invaders until all their bullets and shells were spent Nacstved is near the New Zealant coast 45 miles southwest of Copenhagen DEAD AFTER ENGINE COLLIDE 150 Others Injured in Railroad Disaster at Wayland N Y Wayland N Y six persons were dead Tuesday many of them from inhaling live Die crack Lucka wanna Limited passenger train and a switch engine crashed head this southwestern New Eiftcrnoon Approximately 150 others of the 500 passengers on the Dela ware Lackawamia and West erns New YorkloBuffalo Ex press were injured several of them seriously in Nciv Yorks worst train disaster in more than 3 years Moans of the injured mingled with the escaping oteom from the switch engine as scores of volun teers dug into the tangled debris to eltect rescues and remove the dead The loll was the slates highest on a railroad since April 19 1940 when the Lake Shore Limited of the New York Central lines ci ashed on a sharp curve at Little Falls killing 31 And injuf ing 135 The engineer of he Limiled James E Leroy of Buffalo said the train was speeding through Wayland when he saw Ihe switch engine on a paralleling the main line westbound track The engineer of the local freight locomotive apparently was confused and thought the Lim ited had gone through and started to pull out on the main line to con tinue switching he said When 1 saw the other engine pulling out t slammed on the Limitcds emergency brakes but it was go ing loo fast to avert n collision The 2 locomotives met at the switch Thc Limited a 13 ear train sheared off the front end of the switch engine and cracked the driving cylinder The switch engine remained upright on the spur track V Thc Limiled locomotive hurtled doun the track and toppled broad side across 2 main line tracks and 2 spurs Three coaches Ihe diner a basgage car and mail car were derailed Eyewitnesses described I h c horror scene B 7 Shields of Buf falo said it was a seething fur nace Some nf the persons were in such pain they to flic Staff Sgt Richard L of Marshfield Ore who suffered burns and cuts declared All I can remember is they slammed the brakes on and the train stopped We didnt realize the train was wrecked Then the sleam pipe broke and everybody started screaming and began to pile out The sleam was so dense yon couldnt see where you were Robert Kaiser Kenmore said the odor of burning Posh was terrible Mrs Harriet Gibson Corning who was injured recalled there was a terrible people were srrcMminjr tryiujc to cct out of tht coach Some lirofce the windows and went out that way Blood plasma was flown from r Buffalo and Rod and administered to the iniurcd in several hospitals in the Wayland area while railroad authorities traffic was rerouted over the began r j ti wtts lui UUHTU OVCr LtlC ttPJC Copenhagen and that line and freight over the Lehnth Several soldiers on the Lacka vera soers on te Lacka was the Copenhagen police head Wanna limited helped rescue the JrvLerS passengers and broke windows to Other refugees told of 450 per permit steam to escape Railroad officials said 23 and German soldiers at the port day Of the dead 12 were or bvendborg oO miles west of identified At 3 undcrtakinc estab whore 600 Danish troops lishmcnls were bodies of 18 women 3 men and 2 small girls j Al Diiscoll engineer on the switch engine was reported to have escaped injury Ke could not be reached for comment MRS KNOV LAUNCHES NEW navys newest aiiciift ciinior the U S S Hornet slides clown the ways at iNewport News Va nftcr Frank Kiiox wile ot the secrersirv of the navy christened the ship 37 Jap Planes Destroyed in Heavy Raid Against Wewak Allied Troops Hold Strong Ridge Positions Abqye Below Salamaua By DEAN SCIIEDLEK Allied Headquarters in the Southwest Pacific and lightnings in a 114 ton bombing attack ni Wcwak New Guinea have nddcd least 37 Jipmesc planes and possibly 4D to the more than 300 destroyed there since midAugust This new air victory scored Sunday was reported Tucsdav by Gen Douglas MacArlhurs head quarters in a communique which also disclosed that allied troops hold strong ridge positions above as well as below the airdrome at Salamaua 350 miles below Wcwafc At Wcwak where the enemy has sent in reinforcements lo replace losses which have been mounting since Aug 17 the liberators wiped out at least 12 Planes on the ground while the lightnings in furious battles with 60 zeros downed 2 for certain 12 probably and dam aged at 17 others V V Our losses were the communique said Previous communique on the land fighting at Salamaua have been concerned mainly with ac tion below the airdrome whore and Australia junylc forces have edged to the souih end of the air snip But Tuesdays communique told of al lied forces repulsiiv Japanese counterattacks Saturday night and early Sunday on Kiln ridge Kila is a small town above the air drome and slightly west of Sala maua Along a nearby ridse which runs southward allied troops threw back the Japanese and killed at least 40 of the enemy a spokesman said The Wcwak raiders in addition to destroying enemy planes stalled explosions nud ires among ammunition and fuel dumps Not a lightning fighter was lost in the series of brilliant dogfights with the liberators Thc first battles were fought at altitudes ranging from 13 000 to 20000 feet duriiiff which time Japanese nlaiies crashed A short time later another larffc force of Japanese fijrhlcrsap peared for combat with the same group of lightnings Eigh teen enemy aircraft were shot clown 9 The communique also reported a raid by a strong force of Mitchell medium bombers which dropped tons ot bombs on supply bases at Alexishafen and Bogudjim be Uveen Wcwak and Saltimaua The bomber pilots went in at trcetop heights to strafe as well as bomb Many barges were sunk Across New Britain from the New Guinea battle scene a Calsi linn on night patrol dropped i 500 pound bomb squarely on n Japa nese cruiser in the vicinity of Kaviena New Ireland Wont Open 2nd Front Until Success Certain Is Not Swayed by Reds Quebec Prime Minister Churchill said Tuesday that nothing is nearer to the wishes of President Roosevelt and myself than to have a 3folcl meeting with Marshal Stalin but he declared that an allied 2nd front would be opened on therejvas every chance of mihLy success unswayed by political considera lions if if The prime minister said he did not blame Russia for any criticism it had levelled at the allies for not having launched a new offensive in western Eu LONDONDERRY AIRDming a stop at the American base at Londonderry North Ireland Comedian Bob Hone borrowed an instrument from a member of the U S ma r bagpipc band aiul what looks Uke Bronx Axis Loses 17 Planes in Bitter Fight Allied Headquarters in North Africa con centrations of enemy lighters battled U S marauder bombers and escorting lightnings Monday in the bitterest combat of the air war over Italy The medium bombers blasted railway yards at Aversa north of Naples Seventy to 75 Germans ami Italians jumped the allied fleets near the coast and over the tarjjet and a jrcat running battle cnntimied afterward more than 100 miles out lo sea with the axis losing n planes V f y i n g fortresses meantime smacked the Vitcrbo iirfield north of Home with a heavy rain of bombs allied headquarters an nounced Tuesday Formations Milehells with lightning escort and RAF Wel lingtons staged a day and night assault on freight yards at Civita Vecchia northwest of Rome Other medium light and fight er bombers raided railway objec tives In southern Italy during the day and fighterbombers struck at communications in Sardinia In all 21 enemv planes were downed with 15 allied aircraft reported miasins Tile fortresses meeting com paratively ligrht apposition strewed bombs throughout dis persal areas at the strategic Vi tcrbo airdrome 40 miles above Home leaving hangars and oth er buildings in flames They shot down 2 enemy planes At Civitn Vetcilia n rail junc tion for the RomeLeghorn route and industrial town of Terni the Mitchells knocked out tracks in the northwest section and scored direct hits on the railroad station warehouses and locomotive sheds Nightflying Wellingtons guided by their fires followed up in 2 sharp attacks dumping 2ton blockbusters to create a terrible scene of explosions and fires An entire train north ot the town blew up and chemical works direct hits The glov from the ires was bright enough to be vis ble to other Wellingtons in the Sardinia area 120 miles awny All ho Wellingtons and Mitchells re turned safely The Italian communique broadcast by Rome and recorded by the Associated Press said 40 nlliccl planes were clowned over the Rome and Naples area The German radio siid nazi fighters destroyed 2G out ot 60 attacking near Aaples German planes in a new atlack on Augusta harbor in Sicily dam aged an allied merchant ship and hit several landing barges the Italians added Man Held in Jail at Des Momes on Larceny Charge Is Married DCS Sloincs Ar thur Marson 21 and Annie Agri cia Pitt in were married Mon day night in the jail consultation room by a hospital chaplain Marson formerly of Gardiner Me is being held on a larceny charge growing out ot a cafe rob bery June 25 Mnrson pleaded innocent and is in jail in lieu of bond Marson said he met Miss Pitt in a Massachusetts cafe last May 20 She has been working in DCS Moines as a waitress all summer and has gone to visit Marson at the jail each visitors day GET DEFENSE EQUIPMENT Des Moines of 3 VA i jj in c u i iitih brought to 8100000 the estimated worth of such material here R W Colflesh Polk county defense corp commander said Tucsdav The equipment includes hand extinguisher units rope He made it clear however that the positive factor military success was paramount The president and I will per rere in our efforts to meet Marsha Stalin he said in a broadcast address And in tho meantime it seems most necessary and urgent that a of tho British United Mates and Russian foreign min isters or their responsible repre sentatives should be held at some convenient place in order not merely to explore the various im portant questions connected with the future arrangements 0 r security but to carry their heads of states and governments may be able to intervene ine prime minister refreshed itom his labors at Ihe Quebec war council by a week of fishing in it Laurenlian mountains tuyitd again to ihe question ot a nd front in Europe declaring We once had a fair front in France but it was torn to pieces by Ihe concentrated miKht of Hitler anrt u is casier o hwe a front pulled down than it is to Iniild it up again However he went on f look forward to the day vhen Brilish and American liberating armies will cross the channel in full force and come to close quarters with the German invaders of France Yon would certainly not wish me lo teil you when that is likely to happen or whether it be near or far but whenever the great Wow is struck you may be sure that it will be because we are sat isfied that there is a good pros pect of continuing success and that our soldiers are expended Jn accordance with sound military plans and not squandered for po litical considerations of any kind Churchill said a tripartite meet ing among Britain the United States and Russia would be of very great advantage to every one and indeed to the whole free world it our unity of thought and decision upon practical measures to the longer future as well as upon strategic problems could he reached between the 3 great op ponents of the Hitlerite tyranny Turning lo beleaguered Italy Churchill said Mussolini has been over thrown Thc war impulse of Italy has been destroyed and that unhappy country is paying a Icrrihlc penalty for allowing itself to be missed by false and criminal Kuides How much easier il is to join bad com panions than to shake them Churchill said a large number of German troops had lately been drawn from France in order to hold clown the Italian people and to make Italy a battleground so as to keep the war as far dis tant from Germany and as pro longed as possible By far the greatest part of the German airforce he said he had drained from the Russian front and is now being engaged and worn clown with ever growing intensity night and day by Brit ish anil American and Canadian airmen Thc terrific aerial attack asainst G c r ma n y Churchill said would not have been pos sible without the magnificent stand of Ihe Russians against Hitlers forces No country he declared ever had withstood such a devastating sians Thc fale of King Boris ot Bul garia he pointed out might serve as a warning to other rulers that the wages of sin is death At present Churchill pointed out Britains principal activity against Japan must of necessity be centered in India He expressed extreme confi dence in Vice Admiral Lord Louis Mountbalten the new allied com mander in chief in that theater Quebec was the vcrv place for the 2 greal powers of the sea and of the air to resnlve and shape Plans to bring theirlarge ind growing army into closer contact   

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