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Mason City Globe Gazette Newspaper Archive: August 28, 1943 - Page 1

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Publication: Mason City Globe Gazette

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   Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - August 28, 1943, Mason City, Iowa                             NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME OCPAftTUCNT OF HISTORY AMO ARCHIVES DCS MOINCS NtWSPArtR THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS MASON CITY IOWA SATURDAY AUGUST 28 1943 f j nvj iO 1MU rAFEa CONSISTS Or TWO SECTIONS 277 RECORD RAF RAID BLASTS NURNBERC King of Bulgaria Dies dt ju i MYSTERIOUS 5 DAY ILLNESS IS FATAL TO BORIS Nazis Deny Death Induced by Violent Quarrel With Hitler London German ra dio announced Saturday that King Boris of Bulgaria had died after a 5day mysterious illness and that the premier Bogdan Philov had read a proclamation that the 6 year old heir had ascended the thrown as King Semeon II The Italian news agency Sete fani in a broadcast from Rome said King Boris died at p m corded by the Associated Press was made at p m eastern war time only a few hours after a doctors bulletin had announced that the 49 year old monarchs condition again had deteriorated The death followed a mys terious 5day illness described in German reports as due to angina pectoris In unsubstant iated reports elsewhere it was said that he might have suf fered a gunshot uound in an assassination attempt v The demise of the king who had steered his country in a delicate course between German demands for its wholehearted participation in the war and the wishes of his people proRussian in their sym pathies t J crisis for trv The German radiodenied that the kings illness had been in duced by a violent quarrel with Adolf Hitler during a recent visit to the fuehrers headquarters or that the king even had been out side Bulgaria recently AGITATION IN BULGARIAN CIRCLES IS REPORTED Bern IP No responsible in formant here would confirm the rumor that King Boris of Bul garia had been shot a report that was published abroad The Gazette de Lausanne de clared that the announced ag gravation of the kings illness had inspired an agitation with out parallel among Bulgarian political circles It said the first impression had been that the kings illness was because the king upon his return from Germany expressed the intention to de crease the proaxis policy The kings decision was said to have been reached upon conclu sion that it would be dangerous for his dynasty to comply with the nazi demands including total military and economic mobiliza tion creation of a new fortified line on the Turkish frontier and giving full police powers to the Germans lo clean up communists in Bulgaria Bulgarians Are Strongly ProRed The death of King Boris at 49 probably spared him from the fate oi his father King Ferdinand who also look his country into war at Germanys side and abdicated in 1918 in favor of his son when Germany and her allies were de feated in the World war Although closely tied to Italy by loanna was the former Italian princess Giovanna bound lo Germany by blood ielp relationship and economic ties IlhijL Boris teetered for months unde German bribery promises and treats before he threw in the lot of his kingdom with the RomeBerlin axis on March 1 1941 The ink was hardly dry on that alliance when Hitler poured his army through Bulgaria to the Greek and Jugoslav borders by Panzer division and trans port plane and from then until death Boris throne and often his life were threatened by his strongly proRussian subjects He was oflen the target of bul auray w UII CH oui after admitting to FBI agents she lets and bombs from wouldbe was married to 7 soldiers with assassins Three attempts were re out bothering to divorce any of ported to have been made on his them Alan H Belmont district life after Germany invaded Rus FBI chief disclosed in with the axis he had acquired KING BORIS m mysteriously mania and Germany was report ed lo have promised him a return of reparations Bulgaria paid the allies alter the World war But his reignin contrast to earlier years was never popular after Germany invaded Russia Only the German army and his power as personal dictator pre served his throne Boris was a frequenlVisitor to Berlin after his 1941 alliance with the axis always it was re ported in answer to Hitlers de mands for more help from his Balkan partners Boris troopsparticipated with Germany and Italy in he cam paigns against Greece and Jugo slavia withlairsuccess but when he sent 7 into jugo slavia later to assist the Italians in attempts to put down guerrilla warfare his troops suffered great casualties Boris also sought to offset Hit lers demands by sending large stocks of foodstuffs into Germany leaving his own people with such scant supplies as stricter rationing to necessitate As the war dragged on Ger many virtually controlled the kingdom taking over her import mines textile mills and utilities The lengthening war Russias successes on the eastern front and the growing allied might in the west turned even the previously prpG e r m a n elements against him and outbreaks assassinations and executions tore the kingdom Concentration camps began to fill with the governments enemies Boris was reported frequently to have fled Sofia and to have remained virtually a prisoner in his heavilyguarded castle on his returns to the capital city Political tension rose to new heights during the last months of his reign and the king was warned early in August by op position deputies under the leadership of former Premier NicholasMussanoff that quick action was necessary to save the kingdom from catastrophe His death left the kingdoms leadership in doubt Crown Prince Semeon is only 6 and Boris brother Prince Kyril has never me j j u a n icngmec demonstrated the kings political bombers escorted by fighters at and administrative shrewdness tacked Japans big air base on Boris daughter Princess Marie Kahili in a daylight raid last 1OU1SC IS 10 Fnii Mrs Manville No 7 to Receive They and itanville planned rday for Reno to idence for a divo married to LAST OF NIPPON SOLDIERS FLEE IN NEW GEORGIA Large Stores Seized Japanese Garrison at Vila Also Imperiled By OLEN CLEMENTS Allied Headquarters in the Southwest Pacific Gen Douglas MacArthur announced Saturday that all Japanese resist ance has ceased on New Georgia in the central Solomons The bitterlycontested campaign there ended Thursday when American troops pushing up trom the captured Munda airfield 12 miles to the south occupied Bai roko harbor Apparently the rem nants of the Japanese garrison which had held out there since Munda fell Aug 5 succeeded in fleeing by night in barges across the Kiila gulf to the enemys base of Vila on Kolombangara Vilas earrison also is imper iled not only by New Georgias complete conquest but also by the recent surprise occupation by American troops of Vella La vella island above Kolomban gara In the final occupation of Bal roko large stores including much food and some vehicles were seized There were no reports of Japanese prisoners The Bairoka defenses had been crumbling the pasTfew days after the Americans succeeded in bringing up Sirtll lery The fall of New Georgia oc curred near the end of he 2nd month of the Pacific offensive which opened June 30 with seizure of Rendova island from which the Americans immediately started shelling Munda Saturdays communique also disclosed that elements of the United States forces have occupied small islands off Munda in the vfcinity of Baanga Until a few days ago the Japanese were shell ing the airfield from Baanga island In northeastern New Guinea where the fall of the Salamaua airdrome appears imminent American and Australian troops are infiltrating Japanese posi tions from the west and some have made contact with he enemy at the southwestern end of the field A number of enemy pillboxes have been eliminated Air action was centered in the Solomons sector In the vicinity of Vila Mitchell medium bombers avenger torpedo bombers and dauntless dive bombers for the 2nd straight day attacked gun positions and supply barge hide afire outs Other barges were set north of Kolombangara Choiseul island One hundred fifty miles above New Georgia on southern Boug ainville American 4engined Wednesday Four enemy fighters were shot down There was no mention of American losses North of Bougainville 3 Japa nese destroyers were attacked HbPratnri A7o i u bomb Smoke enveloped the ship IS SPECIAL AGENT Moines L JUJ I Jj Johnson 42 of DCS Moines is he chief special Western rail newly agent of the j ui me ULCUL western rail ille will rprriw5 in charge of police activities braska and Wisconsin Admits She Wed 7 Soldiers Didnt Bother About Divorces Cincinnati blond 34 year old mother awaited ex tradition to Arizona Saturday g is accused of unlawfully was quoted by the FBI BRITAINS FAMED LANCASTER BOMBER Nazi Air Opposition in West Europe Not Up to Normal Pilots Assert Germans u IS DEVELOPED Will Boost Plane Power 50 Per Cent By WALTER WARREN San Francisco now can produce a super gas that will boost airplane engirie power 50 per cent The gas can be blended with the usual 100octane aircraft gas oline to increase power some what but engines must bo made over before they can use the new fuel undiluted Dr Gustav Egloff made pub lic the discovery of the new production process lie is a di rector of Universal Oil Products company of Chicago the oil in dustry research firm that evolved the production tech nique for large scaleoperations using existing refineries Dr Egloff who is president of the American Institute of Chem ists told the northern California postwar conference of theNa tion Association of Manufacturers the gas was calledVTriji la conceal in the development of the process Chemists he said have known of the gas for 7 years but until now industry has not been able to produce the fuel in quantity The first gallon cost S3000 Now the pilot plant produced by Dr Vladimir Haensel and Professor Vladimir N Ipalieff of Univer sals research staff has been turn ing out the fuel continuously for week at icost of less than SI a him i u a wee at cost of less than SI a h cq Ballon They hope to get it dowr b Smoke enveloned tho shir e uuwn to 50 cents Planes fueled with this new ly available product of the free enterprise system Dr Effloff asserted will have enemy planes as much at their mercy as if they were roosting pigeons It will add 50 per cent to the power ot airplane engines It will enable a plane to climb faster fly faster and carry a heavier load Planes can carry armor twice as flak will bounce off The industrial chemist asserted the new fuel would make the lat est airplane engines obsolete They would have lo be redesigned he na minor large quicker Sines use it manufactured to AreRanmngOutot Planes or Courage Eighth U S AAF Bomber Com mand Headquarters marshal Hermann Goerings fight er force in western Europe is run ning out of planes or fortress and marau der crewmen concluded Saturday following Fridays multiple as sault on German airfields in France Allied fighters which ran inter ference for bombers drew due credit for fending off many ene my fighters but the pilots and gunners of bombers said what op position they did encounter was below normal in quality and numbers The marauder crews making their 5th assault on air bases at Poix said they encountered neith er fighters nor of the telling effect of the blows de livered against this and other nazi fighter nesls Although weather conditions were ideal for enemy intercep tors 1st LI Hoy D Vorhees Washington Iowa pilot of the Mary Marauder II said we didnt see a single one One FWISO made the mistake of coming too close to the marau der of another formation in which Sgt Andre G Senecal of Woon sockel R I was the tail gunner and which was piloted by First Lt John H Stalls of Wayne Pa That nnri was a young kid anri seemed to be smiling when he came at us weaving and firing a 20mm cannon Senecal said But he lost his smile when my 50cnl dugs wdnt into his pit That FXV rolled over and went into a dive Buy War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Notso cool Salurday afternoon Saturday night and Sunday forenoon scattered showers and thunderstorms late Saturday night and Sunday forenoon Iowa Tendency lo higher tem peratures Saturday afternoon Saturday night and Sunday forenoon scattered thunder showers west portion Saturday night and Sunuay forenoon Minnesota Slightly warmer Sat urday nightand Sunday fore noon Scattered thundershow crs in southwest and east cen tral portions IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Friday 68 Minimum Friday night 53 At 8 a m Saturday 59 Rain Trace YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum Precipitation 90 60 Trace BRITISH MOSQUITO PLANE Southern Italys R R System Disorganized by Bombings Train Traffic Vital in Defense Plans Is Nearly at Standstill By NOLAND NOKGAARD in North broadcast by Rome and recorded Hied planes and Germans bagged brought almost to a standstill it was disclosed at headquarters Saturday The railroads are a kingpin in Italys defenses The announcement followed a heavy blast by U S flying for tresses Friday at railroad yards at Sulmona nearly 100 miles east of Rome for the 1st time and Mitchell bomber attacks on congested freight yards and lo comotive works at Bcncvento near Naples At the same time American B 26 marauders bombed the rail yards at Caserta also in Naples vicinity and light and medium bombers including A3C fighter bombers attacked targets at Ca lanzaro Sibari Cetraro and Paola Enemy fighter resistance in creased over the vital rail centers and 20 enemy planes were shot down allied headquarters de clared The worst beating was admin istered to the Germans by the Mitchells which sent 16 nazi planes crashing to the ground out of n total of 40 to 50 fighters which sought lo turn back the bombers and their P38 escort Almost 2 dozen fighters also pounced on he fortresses which likewise were escorted by light nings In the Caserta attack 35 to 45 fighters came up to intercept the marauders but they were driven off by lightnings The days operations also in cluded attacks by fighter bombers on gun positions near Calabria from which the enemy has been shelling the of Sicily and RAF Wellingtons fallowed ap Friday HiKht by pounding the freight Jards at Salerno All the day and night operations cost Ihe allies 9 planes The Italian communique more it said while 1 others were downed by antiaircraft Suns The Fortresses concentrated their attack on Sulmonn vital link in Italys cast coast rail line extending down lo the heel and tons of high explosives on the freight yards munition stores lo comotive sheds repair warehouses railway cats station Many explosions ros what fortress crewmen was a loaded train ai crackled in the target ar shops VAST AREAS M FLAMES AFTER FIERCE ATTACK 33 Bombers Lost as Hundreds of Thousands of Explosives Fall By WALTER CRONKITE London 2hour long parade of British 4engined bombers blasted vast areas of the German industrial and railway center of Nurnberg into flaming ruins Friday night in what may have been the heaviest air raid of the war Strikiiijr only a few hours after American flying fortresses smashed n mystery targethid den in a French forest at dusk Friday the big night armada dropped perhaps 2500 tons of bombs on the nazi shrine city at a cost of only 33 bombers Reports so far received indi cate that the attack was well con centrated the air ministry said It described the raid as very A German broadcast claimed that at least BO British planes were shot down during the Nurn berg raid Hundreds of thousands oE bombs ranging from mighty 4 on super block busters to 2pound incendiaries were scattered over eelctncal supply and motor fac tories clustered just south oE the medieval walled town and on im portant railway installations throughout lie area British mosquitoes fast twin engined light bombers joined in the crescendoing offensive with raids on the bombpocked industrial Ruhr as Berlin got a nd night ofrespite after 3 sue ccssive night raids Beautighlers ot the fighter com mand kept the assault on railway targets and air fields in France Belgium and Holland on a round theclock basis with new attacks Friday night The attack on Nurnberg was On ALB10 more than i500 tonsof bombs were dropped on the city and Photographs showed that 108 acres ot the industrial area were rtamaged in that and in the 6 ear her raids Apart from ils imporiance as an industrial center Nurnberg is one of Germanys principal rail road junctions Two main trunk inks 1 running from the Ruhr lo he southeast and the other from Berlin to Munich and the Brenner pass cross inside the city The sudden shilling of the weight ot the RAFs night of fensive from Berlin to southern lermany was believed to have caught the naii defenses off guard Numbers lies 240 miles south of Berlin and it would be most difficult for the Germans to shift larjre forces of night fishters al the last moment The 4 engined Stirlings HaJi ifXCS swept more than KIOO miles across the Eng lish channel occupied France and lo the heart of Germany on The center of a walled city of closelypacked stone American Friends Group to Open Hostel for Jap Americans in Iowa Oskaloosa American rnends Service committee is planning to open in DCS Moines on Sept l a hostel which will ac commodate from 23 to 25 Japa ncseAmericans from war reloca lion centers Plans for establishment of tl hostel were Iowa yearly Friday John W Copithorne of Moines field secretary of service committee said negotia tions were under way to acquire announced at the FliCndS Copithorne who win serve as evea their placement in arid industrial jobs surrounded houses The a great circular boulevardBeyond cars are engines for parts tanks built The flying fortresses pilots said they had devastated nn objective romplelion in a forest ng been nnder construc tion for several months British typhoon fighterbomb ers joined in the evening offen sive with a raid on a power sta tion at Gosnay 3 miles from Bethunc in north France and watchers on be southeast coat said the sky al dusk was liter ally filled with bombers and fighters returning from Ear ope tier on tier For an hour and 20 minutes his grand procession oC allied air might continued one watcher DCS said No matter one the looked there were planes planes planes hundreds of them were ore wiuuiio viora agricultural with the roar of their engines At te Iorce bomberstne greatest   

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