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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - August 24, 1943, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT Of HISTORY AMO ARCHIVES DCS KOINES IA THE NEWSfAfER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL XUX HOME EDITION mrrn MASON CITY IOWA TUESDAY AUGUST 24 1943 RAF ROCKS BERLIN THIS PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 273 Tons of Dropped J L L HINT PARLEY WITH REDS FR CHURCHILL RECEIVE PRESS AT CONFERENCE Declare Necessary Decisions for Forward Action Have Been Made Quebec Roose velt and Prime Minister Church ill closed the Quebec war confer ence Tuesday with a statement hinting a tripartite meeting with Russia and declaring that neces sary decisions have been taken to provide Tor the forward action of the fleets armies xnd air forces of Britain and the United States The military discussions ot the chiefs stall the two added verylargely upon the war against Japan and the bring ing of effective aid to China The president and prime min ister brought their meeting here to an end at a press conference on the terrace of the citadel where they have been deliberating for 8 days Nothing of the sUrtegy direc tives that bare been sent to military commanders in the field was disclosed But the 2 leaders spoke with utter confi dence of the future In their formal statement Mr Roosevelt and Churchill said they had decided to conler again be fore the end of the year in ad dition to any tripartite meeting which it may be possible to ar range with soviet Russia They said full reports of the de cisions reached here so far as they affect the war in Europe would be supplied to the Russian government Churchill made it clear that the war against Japan had held an important spot on the Quebec conference agenda Russia is not fighting Japan and tile prime minister left the definite impres sion that she had not been invited to send representation here for that reason The 2 allied leaders disclosed also that consideration had been riven to the question of the French committee for national liberation and said announce ments might be expected in that connection over the weekend from many governments If X If The noon gun boomed from the bastions of the moated citadel just before the president Churchill and Prime Minister MacKenzic King of Canada appeared on the upper bastion of the kings ter race poseti for photographs for 4 minutes then began their pvess conference In line with n pattern followed at Casablanca last winter no questions were permitted Mr Roosevelt and Churchill said they had surveyed the whole field of world operations in the light of many gratifying events which had taken place since they met last in Washington in May Further conferences probably will be necessary and at shorter intervals they said as the war ef fort of the United States and Britain spreads and deepens The Pacific decisions reached here on the historic heights above the St Laurence they said can only emerge in action It may Jiowcver be stated1 the allied chieftains said thai the military discussions of the chief of staffs turned very largely upon the war against Ja pan and the bringing of effective aid io China T V Soong Chinese foreign minister was here representing Generalissimo Chiang KaiShek in the latter stages of the war counsels Mr Roosevelt and Churchill said that in the field of the con flicts against the Nipponese as in the European theater they had received and approved recom mendations of their combined chiefs of staff Agreement was also they said upon the political is sues underlying or arising out of the military operations Reds Throw Nazis Into Full Retreat By HENRY C CASSIDY Moscow red army drove west and south through the smoking ruins of Kharkov Tues day pursuing the Germans who were thrown into full retreat back from the recaptured former capital of the Ukraine Frontline dispatches said the Germans applied to Kharkov before beinu ejected from the city Monday and also carried out wholesale demo litions leaving behind them only a city of hollow walls The Russians were keeping up the heavy pressure from their new Kharkov base giving the Germans no time to recover The red army was expanding in a drive for reconquest of the Ukraine Poltava the historic battlefield southwest of Kharkov where Charles XII ot Sweden met de feat appeared to be the next red army objective Farther south in the Donets ba sin another Russian push gained momentum after taking Donetsko Ambrosievka a railroad station 50 miles north of German held Tag anrogThe red army pressed its assaults on this southern side of the German flank Red soldiers also were at tacking on the northern flank in the Izyum sector The Donets basin appeared likely to become the most import ant scene of the fighting in the new phase of the red armys sum mer offensive Pravda said German resistance was broken after a 3day battle along the strongline of fortified populated points southwest of Voroshilovgrad Red army infantry and tanks were reported advancing along the railroad presumably toward Makeyevka and Stalino in the heart of the coal and iron region Advance units of scouts and en gineers were penetrating deep into the enemy lines and disrup ting communications After the red army drove wedges in the German lines in the Donets basin front the enemv counter attacked attempting to prevent broadening of the gaps but the Russians drove off the en emy and expanded Pravda said Inside Kharkov which was completely occupied by ribon Monday the city was already be ing converted into a springboard for 1 new soviet advance The gcnnnns tired the city at 11 p m on Sunday and blew up all the bridges over the Lopan river but dispatches said all tires were ex tinguished Monday and 1 bridge immediately restored Report 18000 Drowned in Elbe Tunnel Blast London said Tuesday in a dispatch from Zu nmsno rich that 18000 persons drowned Moose when the Elbe tunnel was hit dur ing one of the recent allied hcaw raids on Hamburg When buying a pack ot cigarets contribute 5c to Cigarets for to buy e overseas man MRS j CASSIDY KILLED AS CAR RUNS INTO TREE Husband Driving Auto Reported to Be in Fair Condition Offensive Opens on Nazi Capital fr Devastation Plainly on Scale Comparable to Power of Attack US of north Mrs James J Cassidy 1220 Washington avenue umi west died from injuries received in an auto accident shortly after 8 oclock Monday evening cast of tlie Isolation hospital near East park It was Mason Cityipfivst traf fic fatality this year and occurred as her husband lost control of the car which collided headon with a tree about 110 feet from the 3rd street entrance to the park t was the second traffic fatality in 1043 reported in Cerro Gordo county The couple had been driving east on 3rd street northeast and Mr Cassidy had attempted to make the turn when the car struck a tree glanced off and ran headon into a second tree MrsCassidy was thrown partly tluough the wirTdshicld and quired several minutes police and ambulance attendants to ex tricate her It was believed by of ficers that she died while enrouto to the hospital Mr Cassidy suffered a crushed knee and mouth injury He was reported to have spent a fair night at the Park hospital and his condition was reported as fair Tuesday U was reported to of ficers that the car was moving at an ordinary rate ol speed when the accident occurred Since Dec 4 1903 Mr Cassidy has been an engineer on the Chi cago North Western railway He has been employed by the road since Nov 13 1905 Funeral arrangements for Mrs Cassidy are incomplete The bodv was taken to the Patterson neral home Mrs Cassidy was born Edna Imogene Tanner daughter or James and Clara Tanner Aug IE 1867 at Fairfield Iowa She had resided in Mason City for the past 45 years Surviving are her husband and two daughters Mrs Marien John son 1218 Madison avenue north west and Mrs William White Provo Utah and tivo sons Pvt James J Cassidy Jr Fort Lawlon Wash and Paul Edward Cassidy hitehorsc V u k o n territory Alaska and 10 grandchildren Her mother Mrs Clara Tanner Belle Plaine and two sisters Mrs Basil Barrows Austin Minn and Mrs James Tappan Belle Plainc also survive She was pre ceded in death by her father James W Tanner in 1916 and by two sons in infancy the Holy Family Catholic church the B of L E Ladies the Royal Neighbors and the Ladies of the 11 oose Funeral arrangements are in complete The Rosary will be said at oclock Tuesday evening at the Patterson funeral home Buy War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazelte carrier boy GOVERNMENT BUILDINGS IN BERLIN UNTEK DEN LINDEN IN BERLIN By WILLIAM SMITH WHITE London squadrons smashed at Berlin Monday night in a raid twice as heavy as any capital ever suffered casting more than 1800 long tons more than 2016 U S tons of explosives and incendiaries and openingof the supreme offensive to Hamburg Hitlers seat of power was in dicated Fiftyeight bombers went down before German antiaircraft defenses in this his toric assault the air ministry announced the largest number ever lost by the British in any 1 night Devastation was plainly on a scale com parable to the power of the attack One re turningpilot said the smoke boiled up 3 miles The air ministrys story ol the operation did not mention the sjze of the raiding force except to say that the assault was twice as heavy as any made before on any capital and that it very great strength The previous heaviest raid on any capital was the March attack on in which 900 long the British standard of 2240 p o u n d s were dropped RAF and Canadian crews and some American volunteers par ticipated in the assault and RCAF headquarters announced that the full weight of the C a n i d i a n bomber group was thrown into the Gestapo Put Over All of Nazi Home Affairs Berlin radio Tuesday announced the appoint ment of Heinrich Himmler chief of the secret police as minister of interior in a nazi government shakeup that London experts be lieved virtually would place all of Germany under direct gcstapo rule The major reorganization in the nazi leadership uas re vealed a feuhours after he heaviest raid of the xvar nil Ber lin Competent observers here saw il as a desperate gamble by Adolf Hitler to prevent a Ger man internal collapse under the impact of intensified air attacks and mounting military defeats 9 Himmler chief of the dreaded Mrs Cassidy was a member of 8csaPO after his appointment as interior minister complete control not only of the entire Ger man police and armed SS butthe countrys whole internal life The way was cleared for Hitler to put more power in Himmlers hands by the removal of Dr Wil helm Frick long time minister of the interior Trick was shunted to the post of protector of Bohemia and Mo ravia which was opened up by the relieving of Baron Konslantin von Ncurath A number of les ser offices were affected and there was an implicit though un expressed hint that Robert Ley had been ousted from the nazi la bor front leadership The shuffle obviously strengthened enormously Ilimtn 1IEINRICII HftlMLER Icrs personal prestige and power and apparently brought him into a close race with Reiclismarshal Hermann Goer ing ranked officially as the Nu 2 nuzi The announcement was re garded ns particularly significant at n time when for years Himmlors rival in the up per ranks uf Hie had suffered a loss of prestige through his inability to save tiie reich from destructive bombing raids Some observers believed the appointment of Himmler may have been 1 of the major de cisions at the conference of the nazi hierarchy at Hitlers head quarters 3 weeks ago Some Quarters professed to sec iJ he appointment of Himmtcr a parallel to Bcnito Mussolinis action in appointing Carlo Scorza as secretory of the fascist party al a time when the regime was beginning its downhill slide Von iVeuralh ceased to perform the active functions of protector of Bohemia and Moravia 2 years ago He retired to his coun try estate and in clfcct was re placed by the assassinated Kcin harri Hcydi icii acting as deputy protector Frisks position protector was expected to be largely orna mental with the real power wielded by Karl Frank himself a gestapo and ruthless nazi large ly responsible for the destruction of Czechoslosiikin Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Continued warm Tuesday afternoon Tuesday night add Wednesday forenoon iowa Thondershowcra south and west portions Tuesday night and south and east portions Wednesday forenoon no im portant change in temperature Mincsota Slightly cooler west and central portions and little change in temperature in ex treme east portion Tuesday night and Wedensday forenoon Thundorshowers in south and cast portion IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Monday 87 Minimum Monday night 67 At B a m Tuesday 70 Rain trace cyqnen acting as deputy Rain tnco Smoke RAF AssaultslSerlih By LOWELL BENNETT Representing the Combined American Tress Distributed by The Associated Press A Midlands Bomber Base Eng was Hamburgcd Monday night for 42 minutes by hundreds of fourengined RAF bombers in the most widespread devastation ever wrought in the the heart and brains ot the Eu ropean axis The entire force was composed of Lancaster Stirlings and Hali faxes making it probably the big gest 4engined raid of the war Airmen returning to this base were niuniMous that it was the best raid they had made There was excellent weather second rate opposition and bril liant bombing they reported From 250 miles away on the homeward flight the crewmen saw vast fires and the last wave of bombers reported smoke belch ing upward 15000 feet They if said the attack was at least as effective as any of those which laid Germanys second city of Hamburg in complete waste But while Hamburgs opposition was of the strongest Berlins de fenses Monday night were not so strong the flyers from this base said The Germans depended mainly upon night fighters in cooperation withsearchlights and antiaircraft fire ricscritiert by these crews as unusually weak and aimless Some 5000 veteran RAF flyers from over the empire and some American volunteers participated in the kill for which they had waited so long All praised the pathfinders who directed the bombing that covered a 4square milc swath in Berlin In the first wave was Sqt TailGunner lohn Brant of South Bend Ind making his 23rd op eration SH r ri Sgl Gunner Murphy F For Fox on his 14th mission About 200 searchlights fingering around managed to catch some planes but the real light was on the ground The fires even at the beginning were terrific Last nights raid was the bijrecst and best Ue must have Riven them a terrible nisht nrarc Pilot Officer Frank Bcdingham of Essex England who piloted A For Apple in the last wave said pounclcr where Sgt Edwart werent those in Italy But in Berlin there were 4 xcuiuro mass of fires 4OOU cookies landing cvcry McLeod of St John Acw Brunswick tail gun ner of S For Sugar who had been on 4 attacks on Hamburg said This raid was as good as if not better than those The pathfinders look us right where we wanted to BO Berlin will never forget last riifht he added The squadron commander at this our station smt expectations It exccocicri Every one of who flew in N or Kan one of the last men to bomb the city re re ported the defenses well saturated but the smoke and fires were something to behold I vcckon IB a snviivi 1HIMJM they will be fighting fires until the spring rains help them1 Four such Hamburg but take a few extra wide area Ihe job in Berlin But Hie elimi area nation hns begun and Beliners formations know that Monday night was the beginning of their citys end missing attack Seven of the planes were Canadian A dispatch from Lowell Ben Melt American corrcsondent at a midlands bomber base which passed British censorship said sonic 5000 veteran RAF flyers from over Hie empire and some American volunteers look part dranpiiiir the homb load in 43 minutes Assuming that each plane car ried nn average of 7 us ual number of an RAF heavy would indicate thai more than 700 planes were used Two of the bombers apparently from the Berlin raid came down in Swedish territory one in flames after a running battle uith a Ger man fighter which also landed in Sweden Preliminary reports said 9 of the 14 crewmen of the two ships were accounted for Reporting strong formations over Berlin the German com munique said Ihc reorganized air defenses prevented a concentrated attack upon the city and shot down CO multienginccl bombers nccordiiiK to reports thus far Explosive and incendiary bombs caused destruction in resi dential quarters and lo public buildings and hospitals H added The civilian population suf fered losses Two big formations of heavy bombers which appeared to be flying Dover fortresses strait in winged across midafternoon Tuesday towards northern France Unescorted and still climbing the bombers took up battle formations while over the water The scope of the raid indi cated that the allied command was opening supreme offen sive against the German capital of large scale attack since the end of a scale comparable lo that which crumpled Hamburg into a heap if rubble The air ministry communique said that bombers nttnckcd in very great strength The assault was delivered in clear weather just before mid night and preliminary rcporls in dicated Ihnt he bombing was tin added Fiftyfive bombers were tost on the double attack on Pilscn in Czechoslovakia and Mannheim Germany on the night of April The Germans in a scries ot nervous broadcast clearly indi raids eliminated cnted the size of the Berlin at it probably will tack by telling of high explosives 3 OI1CS lo finish nnri iries falling over a from large enemy The RAF has dropped as Z300 Ionic Ions of bombs in
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