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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - August 21, 1943, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME HISTORY ANO OCS UOINCS Of THE HOME EDITION MAKES AWL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL XUX ASSOCIATED PBKS UNTTED LEASED MASON CITY IOWA SATURDAY AUGUST 21 1943 THIS PAPra CONSISTS SECTtQNS j ECTIONS ONE NQ 271 OCCUPY KISKA JAPS FLEE Nipponese Base ZLI AIR BATTLE FOR SOUTH ITALY IS FULLY OPENED Large Allied Formations Continue Assaults by Day and by Night By KELMAN MOKIN TALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN NORTH AFRICA sky battle for southern Italy has fully begun with the allies shifting the focus of their overwhelming bomber power to the objective of knocking out the strategic rail way connections with the north While American warships moving at will along the Italian toe poured concentrated fire into the left side of the hells triangle of the lower penin sula allied headquarters an nounced Saturday that heavy new blows were struck by day and night bombers at already battered lifelines of the defend ers in the Naples area The American naval units again shelled fortified points and rail way targets at Gioia Tauro on the gull Gioia 20 miles northeast of Messina in a blasting of the mainland while British sea forces sank 7 landing craft off Scalea in a night action Aversa Benevento and Villa in the were swept by waves of medium bombers and fighters in day as saults and by RAF and Canadian Wellingtons striking at night I another main operation American Warhawks in a slash at the enemys air force bombed the vicinity of Monserrato air drome in southeastern Sardinia Mean while fishierbombers and intruders held their domi nant position in the sky over the reddening Italian toe at tacking trains and small boats off the coast Huge fires were started by the American naval bombardment The whole emphasis of the gi ant air assault was placed on the railroads connecting the toe and heel with the big industrial and supply centers of the north and the Germans threw a lavge in terceptor force into defensive bat tle Between JO and 50 German fighters rose at Aversa and Ben evento but the marauder and Mitchell bombers and their light er escorts shot down 14 Ten allied planes were lost in all op erations Friday The railway yards at Aversa about 20 miles north of Naples were heavily damaged airmen said and the railway connecting Rome and Naples has been tem porarily cut Several trains were hit as the bombs crisscrossed the tracks cars burst inlo flames a violent ex plosion crumbled the walls of large buildings nearby incendiary bombs turned a military ware house inlo a giant torch and the gas works and utilities suffered damage Mitchell bombers were equally successful in blowing out a rail way overpass at Benevento 40 miles northeast of Naples cutting a subsidiary line which runs across the peninsula from Naples While dogfights raged outside their formations the Mitchells poured bombs into the railway fitting the main junction repair shops rolling stock a large number of fuelcarrying tank cars and saw scattering ex plosions and fires sweep the vi cinity Duplicating the tactics used against FoRffia 2 days ago al lied air chiefs sent formations of the Wellingtons to attack the same general Naples area dur ing the nicht and these saw their bombs fall on the railroad sta tion and roadbeds at Villa Li tcrno just north of Naples Foggia one of the 4 key corn terrific beating in Churchill by toiling into the early 31 r 0nin hou been given a the heaviest Mediterranean air morning hcTurT hart A Sons toSEh wWchtne Gef mans must move men and suphere Hull V S secretary i Friday to go over plies in case of an allout allied on the southern maini mainland HILL U S EIGHTH AIR FORCE HEADQUARTERS IN BRITAIN German airmen are living captured American Hying fov treses alongside our formations over France and Germany but thus far have made no attempt to interfere with our operations it was disclosed Friday X What the enemys plan is has not the hope is to sneak one ot more ships into the raiding squadrons and open the guns against all those about The American system of identi fying fortresses among each otlier is being changed at irregular in tervals however and the forma tions fly so closely together that there is little opportunity for a successful effort to sneak into them So far the Germanflown cap tives have kept a good distance away The 50 caliber ammunition of the type used by the fortresses is not manufactured in Germany and if the enemy attempted to change the guns and mounts in he captured ships it would be a costly and doubtful business The use of one fortress to at tack another also is not very feasible because the 4engined bomber is not designed for tjat work The Americans lost about 150 fortresses in one year of opera tions and of this number prob ably 50 per cent got down in Alongside American BEACH BGLAmvix t ULnUII LANDINGS MADE ON ISLE AUG 15 fairly good condition and of course it is oiit rVv sen uuMrucuuii ana ot course it is Of that jO per cent perhaps 20 not known here in how many in was estimated that the Germans raavssssss ulty lo wlal we equne Iol 50 of them ficulty Reconnaissance COMING EVENTS CAST of things to come can be seen in this picture if one believes that coming events cast their shadows While their bodies cast long shadows bewildered German soldiers line up for routine search after their capture by the American 7th army in the final drive to Messina Pattern for Victory Appears to Have Been Cut at Quebec End of Conference Next Tuesday F R to Talk at Ottawa By DOUGLAS B CORNELL QUEBEC pattern for victory appeared Saturday to have been cut by the Quebec war conference Meanwhile as the conference neared the stage of public pro nouncements by its principals an air of expectancy pervaded this temporary allied war cap ital and word spread that of a new blow against Japan might be forthcoming soon This expectation was based on an idea that President Roosevelt and Prime Minister Churchill having finished their most press ing chores in the field ot long range strategy were ready to focus attention on more contem porary developments Odds and ends of military logis tics and strategy which allied ex perts have been fitting together for II days now have been ce mented into a single mosaic the indicated virtually free to concentrate on related problems of international political import This is the evidence 1 The end of the conference by next Tuesday definitely is in sight It was announced that President Roosevelt would spend Wednesday in Ottawa Canada address an informal meeting of the dominion parliament then head southward toward Washing ton His schedule could not have been worked out so specifically if military decisions of war sessions still lay The address will be broad cast by NBC CBS and Mutual Z Presidential Secretary Ste best available evidence leaving the conferees the major 40E Quebci ahead The political phases Of the war effort wilh Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden of Britain They dined and conferred with the chief execu tive and prime minister Friday night 4 Allied chiefs of staff who maintain close contact even when war councils are not in progress met for days before Mr Roosevelt and Churchill joined forces here to finish charting the next assaults on the axis The two principals moreover held preliminary dis cussions at Hyde Park N Y in advance of their Quebec talks The military work of the Que bec conference was not entirely completed Chiefs of staff and heir key advisors were o con tinue consultations during 1he weekend But their principal job at Ulis stage of the war parley appeared to be that ot picking tip a few loose ends remaining after all the more momentous issues on the military agenda were out of the way The question of obtaining bet ter teamwork with Russia some observers here believed is up permost among the political considerations confronting the allied leaders here Significant in that connection was the first Russian call from any source for a 3way confer ence among Russia England and the United States to shorten the war and pave the way for peace on a basis ot friendly collabora tion t appeared in an editorial in the soviet magazine Work and the Working Class Political posers also will ap pear unless the allies solve them in advance as soon as new war zones arc opened on the Euro by mighty Whether any statement delin eating allied political policy will result from the conference here has not yet been determined r velt address in Ottawa DECLARE JAPS RETREATING ON SALAMAUA LINE Nipponese Abandon Heavy Guns as Front Is Cracked Wide Open By WILLIAM F BOM ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN THE SOUTHWEST PACIFIC iP Japanese are in headlong retreat before bombbattered Sal amana Their mountain front line cracked wide open theyhave abandoned heavy sruns in pre cipitous flight toward the last defenses barring the allies from that highlyprized air base on New Guineas northeast coast Bombed almost daily for months by allied planes shelled by ac curate mountain artillery and un der relentless pressure of Ameri can and Australian jungle troops the enemy at last has been routed from longheld ridge positions as near as two miles from the cov eted air field Heretofore the allies have inched forward now on the right at Tambu Bay now on the left around Bobdubi in jungle conn try crossed only by trails Friday they surged forward in a general advance The enemy poorly supplied and in dire need of rccnforcc ment is in full retreat o his inner citadel of defenses at Salamaua itself said Satur days communique from Gen Douglas MacArthur Machineguns and artillery were abandoned along with more than 350 buried dead Our troops are mopping tip There was no elaboration on the reference to buried dead Japanese practice has been to cremate he dead when possible and return the ashes to a national shrine in Japan In many cases however they have been forced to abandon their dead unburicd on the field of battle The Japanese crackup nl Sala maua was hastened bv the vir tual wiping out at Wewak 350 miles up the coast of an nirforce of 221 planes most of them trapped on the ground by allied bombers Tuesday and Wednes day Friday big liberators with a fighter escort went back to Wewak with 66 tons of bombs and added Zt more planes to the 215 previously destroyed there Attacking air reinforce ments which the Japanese had moved in hastily the raiders probably destroyed S more Planes and damaged 3 at a cost of only 2 In the Solomons sector enemy planes made an ineffective raid on the American forces which occu picd Vclla Lavclla island lav Sunday Off the northeastern coast of island where guns of Ameri illed more light naval units enemy ship sunk a small 59 AID IN SEARCH NEWTON 50 Maytag factory graphs have shown flying for tresses on the ground at German experimental air fields The figure cf 20 per cent as conceivably capable ot being put into use again is admittedly gen eral and perhaps high It does not take into account that the for There also is the possibility that fortresses landing in an occupied area will be smashed by local patriots in cases where our airmen are unable to de stroy them Then there would bo the nazis tremendous maintenance problem aKe mo account that the for in undertaking to use fortresses tresses have Ihcir own system of in any considerable nmhP TI A fortress has 22 mechanical electrical and allied systems to look after and one expert de clared that it probably would actually be more nearly feasible for the Germans to throw out the fortress engines and try to power the planes with their own engines a highly impracticable ex periment EFFECTIVE installations at Kiska harbor were damaged in almost daily attacks by American planes as the above photograph taken several weeks airo indicates 700 Truckloads of Tomatoes Stretched Before Canning Plant CAMDEN N f hundred trucks piled high with Seven ripe tomatoes were stretched in a line nearly 20 blocks long oul side the plnnl of the Canpbell Soup company Saturday ns the company fighting a labor short age renewed an appeal for volun teers to get the bumper crop pro cessed before it spoils Hundreds of farmers slept in their trucks through the night in order not to lose their places in line which crept slowly Inwnivl the plants understaffed receiving station part of it closed Meanwhile spokesman nl Fort Dix said the army had vouched no decision on the companys request for 1000 soldiers to help Army officers stationed hero and scores of enlisted men among them French and British sailors took part time jobs in the planv Friday drawing civilian pay for the work in addition to their reg ular service pay Mayor George E Brunncr lias asked business men also to help The company said the emergen cy was due to the simultaneous ripening of 20000 acres or to matoes in southern New Jersey and eastern Pennsylvania Dolinsek 15 Talsmas companion was recovered Wednesday Rationing Rules on Certain Types of iRubber Boots Relaxed WASHINGTON regulations on certain type of rubber boois and footwear were relaxed Satinday by the office of price administration due to in creased allotments of the product by the war production board Un der the new rules employers can obtain rubber footwear for their employes and consumers desir ing belowtheknce rubber boots are eligible for ration certificates needed to obtain them Also as sorted types of rubber boots and shoes needed by farmers are re leased from rationing provided the dealer involved files an in ventory of such stock with his OPA office Censor Exasperated FORT DODGE the censor might be tough oti one occasion and lax on another Syt Jordan liogan wrote in several consecutive letters to his parents that hu had enjoyed n trip lo S t r a 11 o v tlotiA v o n home ol Shakespeare each time giving a full account of his experiences there Finally the censor made this notation on the margin ot one of Hognns letters Please inform your son that you are now well acquainted with the details of his visit to Slratford onAvoii Im lircd of reading about it KALI FATAl7TO BOV AIASS1LLON Inns 15 was injured fatally Friday aft ernoon when lie fell 10 feet while climbing n guy wire on a pole His skull was fractured He was the son of Mr and Mrs William Ihns Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Wanner tendency Saturday afternoon Saturday night and Sunday forenoon IOWA Slightly warmer east md central portions Saturday aft ernoon and Saturday night con tinued warm Sunday forenoon widely scattered tiuiiHlcrshow crs beginning west late Satur day night MINNESOTA Wanner north and Heavy Bombardments Had Been Made by U S Planes WASHINGTON AP Sweepingthe Japanese from their last known foothold in the Aleutian islands Ameri can and Canadian troops have opposition important base oE Kiska after a terrific bombardment of invader positions The victorious advance came M months after Tokyo first reported land ings in the Aleutian chain stretching from Alaska westward toward Japans home islands Making the announcement Saturday the navy said land ings on the narrow beaches of the rocky island were made Aug 15 and no Japanese were found Indications were the njivy said that the Japanese only reccntly had fJed from their Jap Shortening of Lines Indicated By ROGER Associated Press War EdHor The disclosure that Japans at Kiska have fled with out a fight came swittly on the heels of a communique from Ocn Douglas SlacArthurs headquarters in Australia an nouncing that Japanese troops had fallen back to the inner defenses of their big air base at Sulsmaua in New Guinea Taken together the 2 develop ments indicated that Japan for Hie first time was pulling in her horns and shortening her lines without living up to the vaunted Nipponese tradition of fighting to the death positions laboriously built in the rocky terrain and along tlic beaches Presumably the navys corn night Sunday Saturday forenoon Scattered shmvcrs southwest and west central portions Saturday nighl MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather Maximum Friday Friday night At B a m Saturday YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum statistics 7li 54 90 70 supply lines by our capture of Atlu made the enemy positions on Kiska untenable Those bombardments iinrc rortecl in the last three weeks were amoiiK the heaviest ever made on enemy positions in the Pacific Army and navy bombing planes during the period from Aug 1 to Aug J4 the navy said struck 106
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