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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - August 2, 1943, Mason City, Iowa DEPARTMENT OF H I STORY ANCt l NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL XLIX ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS rUU LEASED WIRES FIVE CENTS A COPY HOME EDITION mrm MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY AUGUST 2 1943 THIS PAPEB CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 254 BOMBER CRASHES NEAR HERE Allies Unleash Heavy Sicilian Blows Smash at Naples to Reopen Air Drive REPORT 18 NAZI DIVISIONS SENT TO PO DISTRICT Yanks Capture Bloody Ridge as British Open Offensive on Catania By CARL C CRAXMER Associated Press War Editor American doughboys have cap lured Bloody Ridge and moved on to take San Stefano in a drive that may presage a Sicilian breakthrough alongthe north coast and the British eighth army has sprung a longprepared offensive along the east coast al lied headquarters dispatches an nounced Monday Simultaneous with the un leashing of powerful land and sea blows in the SicilianItal ian theater it was announced that flying fortresses smashing at Naples with bombs had reopened the violent air offensive against the Italian mainland fulfillingGen Dwight I Eisenhowers threat to bomb the kingdom out of the war Hopes that the temporizing re of Marsha Pictro Badoglio would make pence subsided as Madrid dispatches reported that the Geivnans had taken advan tage of the Italian governments hesitation and moved 18 divisions to 270000 the area of the river Po Dispatches from Switzerland too said German obstacle to peace in determined to stay The Naples railway station was almost completely destroyed the gas works blown up two trans ports hit and a big oil dump cx Italians Warned Allied Land Forces to Invade Mainland LONDON Italians were warned in radio broadcasts from Algiers Monday uiffht that allied land forces would soon invade he mainland to follow up re sumption of the aerial offensive caused by the temporizing of Italys military sovernmcnl on demands for surrender We warn you again Our air force will strike at you from the air and soon our land forces will be fighting on the Italian mainland the radio said ploded and many buildings planes wrecked at nearby Capo dichino airdrome in Ihe flyin fortress assault The capture of San Stefano homes to seek refuge in the coun try following the solemn warn ings repeated many times over allied radios that resumption of a violent air offensive had been ordered There still was no definite word oE peace from Italy Apparently Marshal Pietro Badoglio had not replied directly to allied ultima tums But Madrid dispatches said there was a flurry of activity at the Vatican with the papal secre tary of state calling upon Badoglio after a conference with the American charge daffaires Warships Bombard 2 Italian Harbors ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN NORTH AFRICA IP Allied bombers renewed the aerial war upon the mainland of Italy Sun day carrying out the Uireat ol Saturdays ultimatum nod blasted thedock ureas of Naples and the nearby air field of Capodichino allied headquarters announced Monday Warships bombarded two har bors in southern Italy and Ameri can troops slashing into the northern end of the axis line in Sicily swept up nine key towns and possibly turned the German right flank Both target areas at Maples and Capodichino were well covered by bomb bursts the headquart ers communique slated and cisht axis plincs were shot down in aerial bat tics Heavy bombers carried Ihe as sault to the mainland putting into action the warning broadcast to the Italians by Gen Dwighl U Eisenhower mat rocking aerial blows would come because the new government of Premier Pie tva Badoglio has temporized and given the Germans time to strengthen further their defenses and 1 in Italy The Italian high command ad mitted considerable d a m a g c and listed 10 persons killed and 63 injured at Naples I said five American PT boats continue Lhejr offensive operations against the Italian People Fear Warning LONDON thousands of were reported fleeing industrial Hundreds ot Italian civilians centers in Italy Monday Dispatches from Madrid said Rome advices indicated a flurry of activity at the Vatican which apparently was connected with some sort ot peace discussions but there was no evidence that Badoglio had njade any nioye to deliver a drreclrequest for an armistice The impression grew here that nothing short of a direct reiily would satisfy the allies and that possible attempts to put forth peace feelers through an intermediary would not save Italy Hour after Hour Sunday alliet radio stations dinned into Italian ears the ominous warning of Gen Dwight D Eisenhower that acria death and destruction would be the penalty if Badoglios govern ment continued to harbor German soldiers on Italian soil An immediatae psychologica effect on the populace was re ported in SwissItalian dispatches through Bern which said tha some 3000000 Italians alreadv had fled the cities Officially however the gov ernmcntrs position was no clcare than it was when first formcc after Benito Mussolini was ousted is premier The Algiers radio reported that in one Italian town march ing women shouted peace and set free our prisoners but press reports and broad easts from Rome continued to criticize the allies for failing In offer Italy a place of honor amonc nations after fascism ivas ended Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Scattered thunder showers and squalls Monday night Cooler Monday night and Tuesday forenoon IOWA Thundershowers in east and south central portion Mon day afternoon Cooler Monday night and Tuesday MINNESOTA Slightly cooler north much cooler south por tion Monday night continued cool Tuesday forenoon IN MASON CITY llobeGnzette weather statistics Maximum Sunday 89 Minimum Sunday night 73 At 8 a m Monday 7S YEAR AGO Maximum 90 Minimum fin Precipitation 01 The figures for Sunday Mnxhnum Saturday Minimum Saturday night f6 At 8 a m Sunday 73 Rain 01 YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 61 Precipitation 03 placed the Americans within about j allied raiders were shot down 65 miles of Messina strait j The eighth army was said to have gained important positions in its first push toward Catauia Together with our American allies we have knocked Musso lini off his perch and we will now drive the Germans from Sicily said Gen Sir Bernard L Jloiileomcry to his eighth army Crumpling the whole right wing of the Ktna line the Americans were officially dis closed within the last 24 hours to have captured 12 more towns be sides others which had been pre viously reported Among the captured places was Mistretta six miles south of San Stefano Ten thousand prisoners were taken at Mistretta the ma jority of them Germans Masses of allied aircraft ap peared Monday to be bringing down the European roof on the axis head Catching a contagion of near panic Berliiicrs not essential to Ihe war effort were reported to have been ordered lo leave the German capital Nazi officials were reported In Stockholm dispatches o be convinced that allied air fleets were about finished with knocking down Hamburg and were ready to on to the next Berlin In a ferment ot terror 3000000 REDS CONTINUE DRIVE ON OREL Hurl Nazis Out of 100 Nearby Villages MOSCOW arm troops continuing the slow re lentless investment of the Ger man defenses around Orel Sun day hurled the nazis out ot 100 villages and tightened flic pincers threatening that base with ad vances at 5 to 7 miles the Rus sians reported Monday Soviet troops operating to the north and northwest of the citj beat off counterailacks in a drive which took 40 villages leaving 3000 German dead on the field and smashing a number of tanks mobile guns and trucks and heavy artillery a communique said The spearhead operating to th northwest of the city is aimin at cutting the OrelBryansk rail way feeder line for the Orel base Soviet reports in the last few day have indicated that the line i under fire of soviet artillery Front line dispatches rcportci the Russian air force was relent lessly harassing the nazis in an attempt to prevent them from consolidating new lines Bomber and fighters were said to hav centered furious attacks on a for est a mile square within whic the Germans were concentratm troops tanks munitions am other supplies Pravda declared GLIDER CARRIES 10 TO DEATH IN ST LODIS SHOW Crowd Horror Stricken as Officials Plunge to Death in Accident ST LOUIS a large crowd of horrorstricken Sunday spectators a troopcarrying army glider its right wing gone plum neted nose down for 1300 feet in el smashed like a strawberry jox near a runway at Lambert St Louis field carrying to their deaths 10 persons including Maj B Robertson pioneer airplane manufacturer w h o se company built the glider Mayor William Dee Becker three other city officials and Thomas X Dysart president of the Chamber of Commerce ivere killed in the crash which occurred during the armys first public glider demonstra tion here U Col J R Johnston army allforces public relations olficei described the crash as the na tioivsfirst fatalglideracciden since the arrriy began use of th motorlcss planes two years ago Besides Robertson Becker an Dysart the dead were Max II Doyne director of SI Louis public utilities Charles L Cunningham deputy city comptroller Henry L Mueller presidin judge of the St Louis count court Harold A Kreuger 2G year ok vice president anu general man ager of the Robertson Aircraf corporation headed by Robertson Lt Col Paul H Hazelton o the army ahforces material com mand St Louis Capt Milton C Klugh of th first troop carrier command Stout field Indianapolis pilot o the glider Pfc 1 M Davis attached I the first troop carrier command avjs Forecasts Great nvasion to Be Made y Allies From England ALGIERS If Elmer Davis lead of the office of war informa ion speaking on the Algiers radio Monday night forecast that a jreat invasion would be launched rom England that would sweep Europe as Sicily had been swept le said Americans would contin ue the war until the last of our enemies are beaten down PRESIDENT OF CHINA BURIED Lin Sen Veteran of Chinese Revolution CHUNGKING UP Funeral ervices were held Monday foi in Sen president of China foi il years who died Sunday nighl LIII 79 Chinese was a veteran revolution and of the co worker ot Dr Sun YatScn lalh of the Chinese republic Generalissimo Chiang KaiShek was named acting president of China by the standing committee of the central executive group Lin born at Fpochow in 1864 was educated in China and America and took putt in the 1911 revolution He became senator in the first parliament Ii 1931 lie became president o the legislative Yuan succeeding lo the national presidency the nex year A son James Lin was killed fighting the Japanese Lins wife died 40 years ago Buy War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy 4 Bodies Recovered as Fire Sweeps Wreckage of 4 Motored Craft A fourmotored army plane crashed one mile west of Rock Falls this afternoon following an explosion in the air which blew off part of one wing and set fire to the craft The explosion was caused by lightning according to W S Wise a farmer living miles southwest of the crash He was standing in his yard and saw the lightning hit the plane and heard the report he said I saw the wing come off and start floating around he related The plane was flying fairly high and began spiraling toward the ground with the wing following it slowly Three bodies were recovered from the plane after the flames began to die down under a heavy rainstorm which broke soon after the crash and a fourth body was found about 100 feet from the plane in a depression about a foot deep indicating that the man had jumped before the plane reached the ground No one is known to have seen the plane strike the ground but the fact that all four motors lay on top of the ground indicated to observers that the pilot may have made an attempt to land it The plane was headed north at the time of the explosion which was so severe that it was heard at least six miles away The burning plane lay on the fence line of the road about 100 yards southwest of The tow plane a converted Douglas transport was cross ing the airport with the glider behind for the second time after completing a flight over the city We want to negotiate but we lltl cjusctl hcilvv Other allied planes ranged ahead of the attacking ground troops in Sicily with medium bombers hammering he port of Milazzo used to brin in axis reinforcements and other plane hitting the vital commn ttical s centers of Adrano and Ramlvo in the diminishing axis bridgehead Five enemy planes were shot down over Sicily besides the eight destroyed over Italy itself while one allied plane was losl in all operations headquarters said Allied sea power again carried the war to the Italian mainland with warships bombarding the Port of Vibo Valentia Marina on the south sicie of the Gulf of Han Eutemia 50 miles northeast oj Messina a railway bridge across the river Oliva 22 miles to the north and the harbor of CroUme on the Ionian sea to the southeast These actions were carried oul trotn Saturday night through eavly Sunday j Two good fires were started at Crotone and two patrol craft were stink saici a naval com munique Retaliatory fire from the shore was ineffective Crotone had been heavily shelled by the British in mid July American naval forces are rendering effective support by their gunfire for the advance of the U S seventh army along the road of the north coast of Italians were reported in Swiss Sicily the communique said To dispalchcs to have fled their citvthe north and northeast of Sicijy dont want to capitulate was the tenor ot Italian press and radio reaction Reports that Badoglios aim in holding out was to win a form of neutrality which would re move Italy from the war but avoid an allied occupation were mA with a barrage of ridicule here The press emphasized that Italy will be used as an allied base for striking Germany whether she surrenders or prefers to be taken by force The nature of the discussions in lie Vatican was not disclosed in the Madrid dispatches but they said that Luigi Cardinal Mag lione papal secretary of state and Mgv Giovanni Battisia Montoni Vatican tindersecretary ot state meeting foreign diplomats day and night One semiofficial report re ceived in Madrid said that Card inal Maglione after conversations with Harold Tittman American charge daffaires called on Pre mier Badoglio at the royal palace Reports reaching Ankara said thit thousands of tracts call ing for a Bulgarian break with the axis had been distributed In Sofia Saturday While there is still time let us imitate Italys CNample the circulars were said to have declared The Spanish press taking a line far different from that of a few weeks ago said Sunday that Ger many has abandoned all hope for a future offensive and the Berlin correspondent for Ya went fur ther by saying that Germany is lion and had broken up the Ger man concentration The soviet advance to the south of Orel was somewhat hampered by numerous enemy minefields the communique reported but soviet engineering units in one day cleared 4000 land mines from 23 separate fields The Russians said red army men in the sector made gains during the day cap turing numerous villages Counterattacks in the sectors east of Orel were repulsed with heavy German losses the war bulletin said and soviet troop advanced capturing quantities of German war material Joseph C Payne business agent for a St Louis labor union said there was a splintering noise and the wing seemed lo fall away The low cable snapped the aerial at le ftlscnge dropped like a heavy destruc Another c3ewilness Edward Austin said the noise of the crash like someone punching a huge airfilled bag Women became hysterical and he men were not much better They staredstraight ahead as if they were hypnotized The FBI and a sevenman board of officers from Scott Field 111 Monday took over an investiga tion begun immediately after the crash Every possibility including sabotage will be thoroughly in vestigated Col Johnston said Maj Ralph Page head of the army service command at Lam bert Field reported all gliders there have been grounded until the formal investigation is com plete Johnston said the glider was accepted for the army Friday by Hazelton after customary tests and that it made a flight with six persons aboard about two hours before takhijr off on the fatal trip The pilot Klugh w i t h eight years of glider flying experience was regarded as one of the best in the nation The flight demonstration had the armys approval as one of a series to acquaint the nation with the comparatively new type air craft Robertson was a leading avia tion figure linked as a financial backer with Charles A Lindbergs transAtlantic flight in May 1927 lie was one of I wo St Louisans who chose the St LouisLambert Field site and was the first man to land an airplane on it Becker had been mayor since April 1341 and his enthusiastic interest in aviation was evidenced by increased city appropriations for operation of the field the J W Buff farm home Articles were scattered over a wide area around the plane and a pair of coveralls was found bearing a second lieutenants gold bar anci the name L A Place A zipper bag also near the wreck was inscribed Lt Kamlthe ArrmAir Force Seclalia Mo Flying debris from the plane set fire to the Duff barn and corncrib which would undoubtedly have burned to the ground the farmer said if it had not been for the rain storm The piece of the wing wis found a mile south of the wreckage The other wing bore the numbers 223957 but the wing was burned up to the first figure so that it was impossible to tell iE others had preceded it The plane was still burning at 2 oclock and it was im possible to search all the wreckage to see if there were other bodies It was Ihe second crash of a fourengincd army plane in the stale in three days A plane crashed during a storm near Boone Saturday killing the crev of five Finds Quick Way for Shelling Garden Peas WILKESBARRE Pa airs Walter C Williams Jr found a quick and easy way oC shelling those victory garden peas She put two bushels of them Ihrougli n clothes wringer after chilling them in a tub of ice and reported they popped out of their shells as nice please and not mashed a1 you either Buy War SavitiRS Ho mis and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy Vichy Radio Claims American Forces Have Landed on Kiska Isle LONDON UP An uncon firmed report that American forces had landed on Kiska last lapancseheld island in the Aleu tians was broadcast by the axis conlrollcd Vichy radio The navy deparlmcnt in Wash ington had no comment on the report Tiie broadcast said the landing was made by naval forces LAKE LEVELS HIGH ARNOLDS PARK levels in this area are the highest in many years Spirit Lake is more than seven feet higher than it was in 1935 now engaged in extremedefense may be interpreted as last stand Stockholm newspapers quoted Ihe German newspaper Neucste NacliricMc as admitting that Fas cisms collapse would affect the outcome of the war and as re vealing that nazi leaders Xear the same thing may happen in Ger many Whatever her immediate deci sion the impression grew that Italy for all practical purposes is already out of the war and an un official spokesman at allied head quarters in North Africa said that only continued presence of Ger man armed forces is delaying for mal cessation of hostilities 4 BOMBER 4 motored bomber which crashed near Rock Falls was believed similar lo the one shown above
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