Get 1 more page view just for clicking
to like us on Facebook
Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - July 31, 1943, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME H I S T J V A M 0 THE NiWSrAFEk THAT MAKES AU NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION iTTTTTT VOL XUX ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS FULL FIVE CENTS A COPY MASON CITY IOWA SATURDAY JULY 31 1943 THIS PAFEB CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 253 RENEW HEAVY AIR DRIVE ON ITALY Allies Charge Nazis Not Ousted Breathing Space Ended lj REMSCHEID IN RUHR DISTRICT RIPPED BY RAF Massive Offensive of Allied Planes Sweeps On in Daylight LONDON The allies roll ing air offensive shifted to a new vtarget Friday night when RAF jbombers blasted at Remscheid steel center on the edge yof the Ruhr rf It was the first raid of the V war on Remscheid which was singled out last for Friday nights ij heavy assault after Hamburg had been subjected to its seventh at K tack in a week on Thursday I night H I Die massive offensive rolled on throughout daylight Saturday with lightilying formations of allied bombers being shepherded oul over the channel by droves of fighters An almost unbroken rumble of explosions and heavy gunfire re verberated throughout the morn ing in the Folkstone area The whole northern French const ap peared to he iii a state of emptier and at one time the Boulogne area was particularly noisy At the same time mosquitos am beaufighters attacked enemy air fields and railway targets it sweeps over France and Holland the air ministry communique dis closed bombers and two fight ers are missing from attacks Remscheid is the center for tin manufacture of machine and pre cision tools vital to German muni tions production The specific target of the biB bombers heavy attack was the Alexanderwerk A G which covers 75 acres with special shops building machinery for the chemical industry and the manufacture of motor parts and small arms There are also 25 smaller fac lories in the city mostly engage in tool making and extensive rail vay repair shops The German communique broadcast from Berlin and record ed by the Associated Press sai allied air formations caused cas uaHies and heavy destructio particularly in residential quai 1ers of Remscheid It spoke als ot daylight attacks upon Kassell and several places in occupie western districts Air defense forces destroyed 6 planes predominantly four en gined bombers according to re ports available so far it said The Germancontrolled Vich radio declared that allied raids o French territory in the last 3 months had caused the death 7000 persons injuring 12000 an damaged 50000 homes Mason City Blackout Most Successful Yet Held Despite ompleteness of Surprise C The most successful of Alasoji Citys three practice blackouts was eld Friday evening despite the most difficult conditions which ever could be expected and also Us omplete surprise even for the cal civilian defense chiefs Activities in Central park were their height the announcement f the ShangriLa queens identity as about to be made and 5000 ersons conservatively estimated hronged the park and Federal enue from State street to First orth when the industrial whistles gnaled the blackout Chief of Police Harold E Wolfe was notified of the alert signal just soon enough to make his way from the park to the Police station before the black out began He left orders for the blackout warning to be given over the public address system as soon as the whistles sounded and to instruct the crowd to remain where it was The announcement was the ivst warning for the air raid vardens auxiliary firemen and policemen and other OCD volun eers however and City Manager ierbert T Barclay reported that many hurried from the park to heir posts Police handled the huge crowd downtown without a single re ported mishap and the chief was enthusiastic in his praise ot the lublics cooperation With the lundreds of children in the crowd many of them sitting on the curb Direct Hits Scored on Wharf at Hongkong CHUNGKING Taiku wharf area at Japaneseoccupied Hongkong was smashed with many direct hits Wednesday and this was followed up the next day with a heavy bombing ot docks shops drydocks and other ship ping facilities on the Kowloon side ot the harbor a U S com munique announced Saturday Lt Gen Joseph W Stillwclls head quarters told oC these aerial blows at the invaders as the Chinese high command announced further developments aground improvement s Shown in Test in Iowa DES MOINES Alex tiller controller of tlie Iowa sub rea air raid warning system de lared that Friday nights surprise lackout was JOOD per cent bet etthan the previous on tfay 26 Iowa and Illinois outside of the Chicago metropolitan d i st r i c t oined in holding last nights test Kodney Q Selby secretary of the Iowa industrial and defense commission who termed the May trial a failure said Friday nights test showed tremendous improvement It is evident that the people lave a much better understanding f what the signals mean he said Selby insisted however that more practice will be needed jefore efficiency is reached in the period Meanwhile in DCS Moines Rob ert W Colflesh defense corps commander asked his chief war den Frank Brand for a complete on all violations for com parison with violations in the May 26 blackout repea riolatofs Colflesh said they wil Je turned over to city authorities for action Outside of DCS Moines reports were that the results wero satis factory R R Hill chief air raid war den in west Des Moines said the blackout there was generally successful Cedar Rapids and Counci Bluffs reported that results were satisfactory The test began at p in atn was over by a tew minutes afte 10 In Des Moines some neon sign and display window lights re mained on in business areas On unidentified man took enforce ment in his own hands H smashed a window in order t extinguish a neon sign in th downtown district At Mercy hospital a baby wa born during the blackout Black out curtains were drawn an emergency lights were used in th delivery room Near Camp Dodge where mill tary police were halting traffic man was struck by a car Lights blazed on the Locust an Walnut street bridges throughou the blackout Friday nights blackout caused the University of Iowas sixth wartime convication to be among the most unusual ever witnessed Blackout signals started just as the recessional was in progress at the Memorial Union scene of the summer commencement program Blue lights were switched on and master of ceremonies Harry G Barnes university registrar an nounced there would be enter tainment for the duration of the blackout test Prof Earl E Harper director of the school of fine arts and Don ald R Mallett of the office of student affairs attired in scholar I was mitted a bit worried he ad Cooperation throughout the city was the best noted in any of the blackouts the OCD chiefs agreed Chief Daniel H Shire of the fire department who sig naled the blackout to Forest Park and Wildwood additions Hith the siren OH his car said that a large number of resi dents had their house lights out before the street lights were switched off Auxiliary policemen reported that traffic stopped willingly ex cept for the large number of OCD volunteers who had to move in order to get to their posts The police chief said that spe cial praise was due the manage ment and residents of the Plotel Hanford for almost immediate blackout of the largest lighted building in the city The building was in complete darkness within two minutes according to watch ers ly robes led the crowd in singing A street dance in another part of town at which 500 persons were in attendance was curtailed by the blackout Davenport had its second sur prise blackout Friday night and from the standpoint of sur prise it was 100 per cent ef fective Judged by other stand houever it was a failure in the opinion of many officials 1 R Clausen commander of the civilian defense corps was at tending a function at the Doven port country club and said he re ceived no notification of the af fair in advance Men charged with setting otf the bombs to signal the blackout were not notified in sufficient time Jnmes Lytlc chief air raid warden said He reported that lie did not know of the blackout until the chief of police called him at 9 p m ns a result bombs were ex ploding haphazardly throughout the course of the blackout Buy War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier hoy Hit Sicily by Land Sea and Air m te By UNITED PRESS dc A final assault in Sicily that frs may explode the entire Italian an situation ncaicd Saturday is al ow lied land sea and air forces Wt struck increasingly heavy blows the axis and took over three arrmore Mediterranean islands pu1 British warships and American sot boats growing bolder as the tneaxis strength around Sicily and r the southern mainland waned bombarded the Italian coast anew struck at shipping in the straits of Messina and ranged northward off the instep of the Italian boot On land American British and Canadian forces gained steadily in their drive In crush the entrys Mt Etna defense line protecting the narrowing Messina bridgehead where the German and Italian forces may be caught in a death trap be tween ground troops and sea power Three islands making up the Acgadcs group off the western end of Sicily now occupied by the Americans surrendered uncondi tionally The largest was only six miles long and no attacks on them had been reported The distance between main al lied and axis lines in Sicily had been narrowed to a thin strip and an allout assault appeared im minent Some reports said the Germans were falling back before the Americans on the left flank into the mountains south ol San Stcfano anchor point on the north coast The British eighth army shell ing the Germans belou Catania on the right flank inflicted heavy casualties on the enemy in a possible preparatory move for direct attack v A force of British cruisers and destroyers hit railway targets near Locri northeast of Cape Spartivento under the toe of the Italian boot The PT boat opera tions took these small fast craft 70 miles north of Sicily They sank from one to seven small ene my vessels Twentysix more enemy planes were shot down in continuous air raids over Sicily Sardinia and airdromes on the mainland SEE STORY ON PAGE 14 This ShangriLa crowd was caught in Mason Citys third surprise one More than 5000 persons had gathered for the 1imils of the popularity contest for the Queen of ShangriLa when the sirens announced the black out The crowd danced in the street to the music of foul bands throughout the blackout This photo shows the crowd just after the lights came on again Lock photo Kayenay engraving Army Bomber Crashes Near 3oone All Aboard Killed Miss Helen Jlalaktaris Queen of ShangriLa is shown here receiving her bouquet of red whito and biue flowers from A Bircnbaum chairman of the ShangriLa campaign immediately after she bad been announced as the winner The program was on the air over KGLO when this photo was taken Lock photo Kayenay engraving CLAIM HAMBURG IS DEVASTATED STOCKHOLM Hamburg has ceased to exist Danish workers who have fled in horror from the devastated German sea port told Swedish correspondents in Denmark Saturday Block after block ot the city is wiped out the newspaper Afton bladct quoted a worker as saying Danish workers have left their jobs at Hamburg most of them with little more than the clothe on their backs One said the bi which look them out ot tow wound through heaps of dcbr and bodies Aftonbladet said 200 Dane were killed in Hamburg durin the course of the raids Berlin dis patches to the Swedish press con tinue to emphasize the extensiv destruction and heavy loss of lit Whole districts have been lev clled the Germans admitted A spokesman added that despi the heavy extended raids he di not believe they would be followe by greater action meaning a allied invasion BOONE fourengine rmy bomber crashed in Slames ear here Saturday and all aboard pparenUy were killed instantly Witnesses said the big plane cx lodeci while flying nt a low alti ude and then crashed earthward ke a streak of fire They said nother explosion apparently nc uiTctl after the wreckage hit the round The number of men aboard I ivas not determined but planes of that type usually carry A crew of 10 The shattered bodies of five men had been found by noon f Jf Tlie wreckage and victims were scattered over an area nearly a nile square The crash occurred shortly after 8 a in just a few minutes before a severe rain wind and electrical storm broke in that arei The plane crashed on the O E rady farm about in miles south Vest of here The force of the blast and crash ripped the plane into hundreds of pieces and bodies of the victims were blown apart William Kcrr Boone ncws permon who visited the scene said it was unlikely Unit any whole bodies would be found The main pile of wreckage fell 50 feet north of the Grady house Mr and Mrs Grady were inside at the time They were knocked down by the impact Mrs Grady suffered several cuts from HjrinK glass Half the win dows in the house were shat tered V f The four motors fell in a line They dug a trench 25 feet long and eight feet deep when they hit the ground and only the tips ot the propellors were visible above the pit One virtually intact wine was found in a nearby pasture A pine tree 50 feet high was severed about 25 feet from the ground when the cabin struck it An hour after the crash five small fires were blazing among the wreckage f The bodies were scattered through a cornfield in which the stalks were eight and nine feet high Several hundred persons flocked to the snene ami search crs went through Ihc corn look ing for the victims Sheriff Fred G Wilkins took official eburge of the search J W Crane fanner living three miles west cif the scene said he was in his barn when he heard a plane flying tow lie said the ship npcnretl to be in trouble A rao ucnt later lie saw an explosion ind then the flaming plane ilungcd downward No information was available mmediately on the planes home ase The public relations officer it the Sioux City air base said he had been notified of the crash and had taken charge of the in estigation since H is the base icarest to the scene The log book was partly burned md was covered wiih oil The lost readable page in the book wit icsscs nt the scene snid contained notes on a trip the plane made in June On thnl trip the log howed it carried a crew of 10 Scores of White Leghorn chick ens which were in the Grady yard were killed by the crash They lay scattered amidst Ihc wreckage Jie white feathers splattered bv oil PUT BLAME ON BADOGLIO FOR NEW ASSAULTS Declare Germans Should Have Been Retired From Italian Soil ALLIED IN NORTH AFRICA allied high command radioed a stern warning to the Italian people Sat urday that the terrible aerial of fensive against Italy would he resumed immediately The breathing space is ended he allied command said Responsibility for the re sumption of the onslaught was laid at the door of the new Ba doglio government for temporiz ing and Riving the Germans time to strengthen their positions in Italy The first broadcast from the powerful united nations radio station here was scheduled to be followed by others from London and Washington The message warned the Ital ians to remain clear ot railways factories depots German military barracks and all other military objectives blood of every Italian struck will be on the head ot the men ill Rome who in Italys hour ot decision temporized instead of acting for honor peace and free dom it was said The firstbroadcast beamed to Italy said that In tlie six days since the removal of Bcnito Mus solini as premier the Italian peo ple had done not enough The Germans are still on Italian soil it pointed out adding On your decision may depend the fate of your country Two days had elapsed since Gen Dwight D Eisenhower presented to Italians a direct demand for surrender on the honorable conditions previous ly presented by the allied gov s u r render After Mussolini was ousted the broadcast said we slackened our niv attacks in Hilly If Badoglios Rovcnimcnt had acted Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Scattered Ihundcr showers Saturday afternoon Warmer Sunday forenoon IOWA Scattered Ihundcrchowers emlinj much Sunday forenoon Not change in temperature MINNESOTA Slightly cooler north and west portions Satur day night antl entire Sim day forenoon scattered thunder showers Saturday night iind ex treme southeast portion Sunday forenoon IN MASON CITY GlobcGaycltc weather statistics Maximum Friday 89 Minimum Friday night fio At 8 a m Saturday 68 Rain Trace YEAR AGO Maximum 86 Minimum 62 Wallace Here on Page 8 the Germans would now have been in full retirement from Italy If Bacioglin makes peace now tile Germans xvill be caught like rats in a trap German Civilians Advised to Leave By ROGER GREENE Associated Press War Editor All German civilians living in Ilnly were officially advised to leave the strifetorn kingdom Saturday and electric tension pre vailed in London as Prime Minis ter Churchill ordered British cab inet members nnd heads of the fighting services In stand by for a possible weekend emergency Some iuartcrx believed a new allied invasion blow was imminent Italy niny be out of the war Sunday said the London Daily Mirror Development1 in the Italian crisis over peace or war broke with lightning rapidity 1 A Reuters British news agency dispatch said it has just been learned Dial German troops luivc begun to disarm Italian troops in the ncighborhod of Larissa in Greece 2 SwissItalian frontier reports said the commander ot the Italian 5th army had issued a warning of a possible allied invasion of Tuscany Umbvia and Latin prov inces in northcentral Italy 3 ONB the German news aiten cy said rioters in Milan birth place of Mussolinis outlawed fascist party were firing on Ger man and Italian troops The Ger man travel bureau in Milan was closed 4 A Cairo broadcast reported that axis troops in Greece fired on Greek patriots protesting against a German order assign ing Bulgarian troops to Greek garrison points Numerous pa triots were killed and wounded 5 The Berlin radio said Ger man occupation troops had been removed from many Greek cities because they were needed else where due to military necessity
Once upon a time newspapers were our main source of information. Now those old newspapers are a reliable source for hundreds of years of history and secrets of the past. Now you can search for people, places, and events without the hassle of sorting through mountains of papers!
Newspaper Archive is the world's largest online newspaper database featuring over 130 million newspaper pages. Plus our database expands by one newspaper page per second for a total of around 2.5 million pages per month! The value of your membership grows along with it.
Those looking to find out more about their forefathers can empower their genealogy search with Newspaper Archive. Within our massive database, users can search ancestors' names for news stories and obituaries. We must understand our past to understand our future!
24 hours a day Monday-Saturday
Your full introductory membership payment will be credited toward the cost of full membership any time you choose to upgrade!
"It is amazing how easy and exciting it is to access all of this information! I found hundreds of articles about my relatives from Germany! Well worth the subscription!" - Michael S.
"I love this site. It's interesting to read articles about different family members. I've found articles as well as an obituary about an uncle who passed away before I was born, and another about a great aunt. It's great for helping with genealogy." - Patricia T.
"A great research tool. Allows me to view events and gives me incredible insight into the stories of the past." - Charles S.