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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - July 26, 1943, Mason City, Iowa f NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER I EDITED FOR THE HOME C 0 H f THE NEWSPAPER THAT HOME EDITION MAKES ALL KORTH IOWANS P VOL XL1X ASSOCIATED PRXS3 UNITED PRESS nJuT MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY JULY 26 PAJFTM CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION NO 248 REPORT MUSSOLINI SEIZED THE RISE AND FALL OF MUSSOLINI TX 1923 Benito Mussolini fathered fascist Italy He would he vowed A become a modern Caesar restore the grandeur and empire of ancient Rome change history for centuries and make his name re spected and feared by all the world Today 21 years later as the allies mass in Sicily for invasion his people are hungry apathetic lal discouraged his empire has collapsed and he has resigned Here are I to highlights in the career of the man who would be Caesar Mussolini reached power as a result of chaotic postwar conditions ill Italy At first his program was appealing and popular He began Ij to crack down on crime and make trains run on time Here cheer iug thousands of soldiers swear loyalty to him In the thirties Little Caesar sprouted defied the league of nations invaded Ethiopia In speeches he defied the world Mussolini looked on rising Hitler as his tool joined Germany and then Japan in antiCom intern pact In 1937 after sceinR Hitler in Ger many thought he was senior partner Mussolini soon found himself the silent partner Hitler rescued him in Greece and in Libya then occupied Italy Here stands il ducc symbolical nmi general at his bach led Essen Hamburg and Cologne Smashed With AP RAFheavy bombers trated attack on Essen Sunday night while mosquito aircraft struck at Hamburg and Cologne and swept over northwest Germany the lew countries and France the British announced Monday Twentyfive planes were listed as missing in the farflung over night operations and five enemy aircraft were reported shot down The air ministry announcement said that the raiders encountered good weather over the target area at Essen and that preliminary re ports indicated the bombing concentrated and effective The great formations of night raiders scarcely had returned to their bases when fresh squad rons of allied raiders swept out across the English channel Monday morning to continue the smashing aerial the greatest in day light Sunday nights raids followed a mighty series of roundtheclock blows delivered by both the RAF and the United States eighth air loTce British bombers striking at battered Hamburg Saturday night and American airmen heaping de struction on the smoking ruins Sunday in their deepest penetra tion into Germany Essen a vital industrial center in the Ruhr was last raided by the RAF the night ot May 27 fj More than 1000 tons of explosives were cascaded into the sprawling Krupp armament works in that assault Sunday nlehts raid was the 57th on of the most heavily bombed cities in the world In addition to the 25 bombers listed as missing in the overnight I foray one RAP fighter also failed to return home the air ministry said Sundays raid by the Ameri cans the mightiest day assault of the war was made at the cost of i19 planes The heavy bombers ieat off 200 fighters and weath a hail of flak to loose new jl Instruction pn the submarine and port facilities at Ham Ihe aircraft factories at emimde the seaplane base at vrunstrow and the shipyards at u F I Black smoke was rising four iles above Hamburg when the mericans reached their target ft by the 1000plane British id the previous night which s the greatest ever launched ainst a single target The Brit i dropped 2300 tons of explo l and incendiaries on Ham I trg at a cost of 12 bombers While the farranging V S bmbers were completing their 5MmiIe round trip American jiedium bombers escorted by ibitfrres fanned oat over Bel jium Holland and France in instructive raids on German bases and communica systems in the occupied as Four enemy planes and en allied planes were de in Ihe resultant battles Vm A x 11 1 he record flight from the west I duplicated by an American iE fortress formation winging Mlcstrui J rj Iig Uarne 1500 miles round trip from North Africa Sunday to blast vail yards at Bologna in northern Italy The unescorted formation ex ploded an ammunition train and Blanketed the freight yards with out encountering opposition fight ers or flak Their attack also was preceded an HAF night raid as RAF Lancasters shuttling back to Brit ain from North Africa pounded Leghorn on Italys northwest coast without loss German raiders meanwhile struck back at northeast England Sunday night in a weak blow that caused slight damage and no cas ualties the air and home secur ity ministries announced Monday Three enemy downed raiders were MAKES FORCED LANDING DES MOINES Schmal 21 North Pintle Nebr escaped with a bruised knee and cracked front tooth in a lorced landing of his plane here Satur day night Sehmal who was mak ing a solo cross country nigbl flight is a student in the civilian pilot training program in Des Moines Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Continued warm Monday afternoon Monday night and Tuesday forenoon highest temperature between 90 and 95 IOWA No important change in temperature Monday night slightly cooler north and cen tral portions by Tuesday noon scattered thunder s h o w e r s northwest and extreme north portions Monday nighl showers and thunderstorms Monday af ternoon and evening and ex treme east portion Monday night Cooler except extreme southeast portion Monday nighl and Tuesday forenoon IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Sunday 9J Minimum Sunday night 64 At 8 a m Monday 74 YEAR AGO Maximum gi Minimum 53 The figures for Sunday Maximum Saturday 91 Minimum Saturday night G5 At S a m Sunday 78 YEAR AGO Maximum 73 Minimum fii Precipitation 51 Reds Report Nazi Troops Wreck Orel By HENRY SHAPIRO MOSCOW mili ary advices said Monday that the vvregkihg OreJin apparent drawal and the red army was ex pected to drive into it at any time Front reports said a Russian column driving behind Orel from he north had cut the railroad to Bryansk and advanced to bring undeifire the highway roughly paralleling the line about 20 miles o the south The plight of the German garrison was described as criti cal Its sole route of retreat from Orel against which soviet troops were advancing from three directions was said to be a dirt road angling down to the southwest That the Germans realized their peril was indicated by reports that they were engaged in the me thodical demolition of Orel which evidently made clear their inten tions of giving it up rather than face the growing threat of another Stalingrad disaster Field reports said that when the red army drives into Orel it was reported attacking the city itself last would find a shambles like Stalingrad Rzhev and dozens of other re captured towns Observers back from the front reported that all the villages in the path of the German retreat had been reduced to smoldering embers and the inhabitants had taken to the woods Great fires were reported rag ing in the forests of the Orel and Bryansk districts in some of w h i c h the Russians driving against the city and the only transport lines westward had fought their bitterest battles Definite information was lack ing on the width of the German held corridor behind Orel The cutting of t h e Bryansk railway and shelling of the parallel high way made it evident thai the neck of the sack was closing Iast ALLIED FORCES CAPTURE 7000 Squeeze Tighter on Last Stand Defenses in N E Corner of Island By DANIEL DE LUCE ALLIED FORCES JN NORTH AFRICA Allied troops are squeezing together upon axis last stand defenses in northeastern Sicily against bitter resistance it was announced Monday and American troops mopping up western Sicily have captured Ter mini 20 miles east ot Palermo and taken 7000 more prisoners in Italian generals and cluding six an admiral Breaks Leg But Says He Is Not in Pain NEW YORK took Thomas Burke 29 to the hospital after he fractured his left leg Burke explained that he wasnt in pain but couldnt make the stairs to his fourth floor apart ment and wanted a place to sleep The broken leg was a wooden one Rome Radio Concludes Lessons in German ALGIERS UP Radio Rome announced Monday that it was discontinuing effective now its daily morning lesson in Ihe Ger man language Buy War Savings Bonds sinri from Jour carrier fcwr Further pressure on the enemy was maintained in all sectors by American Canadian and British forces closing in on the CataniaEtnaMessina area the allied communique declared Canadians striking east from central Sicily continued to ad vance but their progress was slowed in the face of bitter re sistance it adctcd Some units of the U S seventh army driving toward Messina are far to the east of Termini and its capture consolidates the grasp upon the northern coastal area of the island More than 70000 now are in allied hands of whom 56000 were taken by Americans The siv Italian generals and the admiral were not immediately identified To date 10 generals and two ad mirals have surrendered It was officially estimated that three and a half German divisions and three Italian divis ions were bottled up in the northeastern corner of Sicily One of the nazi units in the Slessina bridgehead was identi fied as the 29Jh division named for the German unit destroyed by he Russians at Stalingrad This division was rushed tcross Ihe Messina Strait in a desperate effort to bolster the rearguard action raging along the east coast The ghosts o Tunisia rs well as Stalingrad are fighting in Sic ily for the other two German divisions are the Hermann Goer ing and 15tf armored division both named after units destroyed in Tunisia The additional half division of Germans is believed made up of parachute troops and other elements South of Catania a main strong hold of the axis defense the Brit ish eighth army reported success ful patrol activity Typical of the Sicilian peoples rebellion against fascism was an incident officially reported in which British parachute troops and an American interpreter dropped behind enemy lines They went to the nearest village in search of food and were greeted as liberators and fed with the best the countryside could provide A local physician attended one in jured trooper The little dclacli mcnt remained in the village in perfect safety until an allied ad vance guard relieved them Will Increase Pressure on ItalyHull WASHINGTON oC State Hull indicated Monday that increased military pressure to tWfr iiohal surrender wouldbe this countrys response to the down fall of Bemto Mussolini He termed very timely and ap propriate the ending of the Ital ian premiers regime and said it was the Cirst major step in the early and complete eradication of fascism But Hull emphasized re peatedly that chief reliance is on military developments The state department head making the first official American comment on the displacement of the Italian dictator told a press conference that the allies were fighting like the devil when asked what the United States was doing in the face of the Italian internal developments W Hull indicated no change in the unconditional surrender policy laid down by President Roosevelt and Prime Minister Churchill and said if ail minds are kept on fighting hard the allies will win the war much sooner He emphasized that all atten tion now is on military develop ments Hull said in response to another question that he believed fapan will lake due notice of what has occurred in Italy At the outset of lie press con ference Hull was asked whether he anticipated any change in the unconditional surrender terms fixed by the United Stales and Great Britain for recapitulation by the asis He said he had no in formation to that effect from the president and war department and did not anticipate anything Asked to comment generally on the Mussolini shift he said that he has been convinced that fascism carried with il the seeds of its own destruction Ifc added that Hie very timely and appropriate ending of Musso linis regime was Ihe firsl ma jor step in the complete de struction and eradication of every vestige of fascism both nationally and internationally Asked whether the United States would negotiate with King VHtorio Emanuele or whether lie regarded lie king in the same class as the fascists said he had not conferred with the president He said there was no truth reports that the United States had contacted the new Italian pre mier Marshal Pietro Badoglio a few months back To in inquiry as to the effect of the Italian developments on the people in occupied territories of Europe Hull said he would rather not move too fast ahead of American armies He said he had no confirma tion of reports that Italian roons are neintc withdrawn from Albania The slate department he said hsri no information on Mussolinis whereabouts 30 INDICTED IN COAL STRIKE BY FEDERAL JURY Prosecutions Are Frst Since Anti Strike Bill Passed PITTSBURGH A fcdcr Tand jury investigating recen mauthorized strikes in the sot coal fields of southwestern Penn sylvanta Monday indicted 30 per charging conspiracy lo prc production ot coal in viola ion of the law Tie prosecution were the firs ince enactment of the Connally mith antistrike law on June 25 The indictments charged de fendants specifically with com bining conspiring and confed erating together to interfere by strike and other interruptions with the operations of mints operated by the government The indictment said thos named well knew that the nines were in possession of the United States and that continu ous operation was necessary for successful prosecution of the Conviction under the antistrike aw carries a fine up lo SoQOO or mpmonmcnt for one year Special Assistant Atty Gen Henry Schweinhatil assigned from Washington to aid the prosecution said the defendants included 19 officers of united mine workers locals and 11 members Four local presidents were named The jury investigation called July H followed con tinued work stoppages among captive coal mines operated by steel corporations after the united mine workers policy committee and President John L Lewis had ordered the men lo return to work At the time the grand jury in quiry started more than 12000 miners were estimated to be idle All mines returned lo normal operation almost simultaneously with Ihe start ot Hie investigation Five separate indictments were returned based on a total of 32 counts In one indictment 21 per sons were named The other lour indictments named nine persons Think Italy Opens Preliminary Moves Toward Peace Bid BULLETINS ALGIERS Fietro Badoglio was rcoorted Monday to have ordered 22 Italian divisions home from Jugoslavia and Greece and to have recalled three or four more from France 3f if BERN Switzerland troops in Jugoslavia were re ported Monday to be moving rapidly toward the coast in the hope of returning home quickly A report to an Kalian source here said il was expected in Rome thai Italy would ask for an armistice by the end of the veek if if if MADRID reliable sources said Monday that Eenito Mussolini and oiher fascist leaders and ministers now are under police protection at a villa believed to be in the Home area if ISTANBUL have begun to ap pear in the Balkans indicating the possibility of a breakdown Jn the axis structure there with Hungary and Bulgaria showing the most symptoms of nervousness By CAUL C CRANMER Associated Press War Editor Benito Mussolini was reported the captive of a new Italian government Monday following the crash of his 21 year dic tatorship which threatened to topple Italy out of the war and the axis Reuters British news agency said in a dispatch from Sweden that the fallen Mussolini had been captured while trying to escape from Italy to Germany There was no im mediate confirmation but other dispatches from Switzer land said it was reported other leaders and cabinet mem bers were also under arrest Martial law was proclaimed throughout Italy as the new regime took over but dispatches from Switzerland said tile people apparently were accepting the sensational develop ments with comparative calm f Telephone cprnmunication beUyeen Switzerlandand Italy Thadeen itwas said Previously there had been hints of disorder Italians had milled in the streets of Milan Turin and other cities shouting down with Hitler out with the Germans and we want peace said roundabout reports received in Stockholm and an Italian political source in London declared Italy would be out of the war in a week Hints of widespread turmoil within the Italian kingdom hard driven by allied armies in Sicily and severely punished by allied air bombings came from the Rome radio hints that were contained in a proclamation by the new Ital ian premier Marshal Pietro Badoglio ordering demonstra tions to be put down with an iron hand by the military A roynl proclamation by King Vittoria Emanucle over the Rome Personal Visits of Stalin Inspires Reds in Attacks on Orel By WILLIAM McGAFFIX MOSCOW troops inspired by personal visits ot Pre mier Josef Stalin to the front slashed through stubborn German resistance to advance 2i to miles on the Ore front Sunday and now stand within six miles of he Bryansk railway supplying the powerful nazi base Stalin has at the front much of Ihe time personally supervising operations it was disclosed as the red army moved slowly toward complete encirclement of Orel PIETUO BADOGI10 station Sunday night announced that Mussolini the former street rowdy who leagued with Hitler and led his unwilling country into war against the allies had re signed and that the monarch was assuming command ot all armed forces of the country There followed these swill de velopments 1 Marshal Badoglio former chief of staff took over the reins at the behest the diminutive king and announced that the war continues 2 A Berlin broadcast said he had named Baron UaUaele Guar lia Italian minister to Turkey and former ambassador to the Vatican as his foreign minister It was noted lhal Guariglias former positions enabled him to be in touch with any peace negotia tions 3 Badoglio issued a proclama tion imposing a stringent dusk todawn curfew forbidding dem onstrations and mcelings closing nit theaters and places ot amuse ment banning sale arid possession Soldier Executed at Fort Leavehworth Post FORT LEAVENWORTH Kans Levi Brandon 23 Kan sas City Kans soldier convicted by a military court of raping a 17 year old waitress last New Years morning was executed on the gallows Monday at the mili tary post Only military officials including an army chaplain des ignated by the commanding Rcn eral ot the seventh service com mand witnessed the execution Claim Mussolini Asked Emanuele to Abdicate LONDON Algiers said Monday Bcnilo Mussolini re signed as premier of Italy after Kins Victor Eiwimicle and Queen Elena refused lo sign a document he submitted calling lov them lo abdicate in favor of Crown Prince Umbcrto and Princess Marie Jose KING VICTOR
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