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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - July 21, 1943, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER i EDITED FOR THE HOME COMP DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY1 AKO ARCHIVES WO IN I A THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES AU NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION iTTTTTTi VOL XL1X ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS FUU UUSKD WBIES rrvE CENTS A copy MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY JULY 21 1943 THIS PAPEIt CONSIST SECTION ONE NO 244 NNA CENTRAL SICILY BASE FALLS 40 Push In Behind Orel in Encircling Move RUSSIANS GAIN IN KEY SECTORS OF WIDE FRONT Only Line for Nazi Reinforcement to Garrison Immobilized MOSCOW troops drove in behind Orel to within than five miles of the Bry pnsk railroad Wednesday practi bally immobilizing the only line foi vacuation or reinforcement o le hardpressed German base Striking on southward from laptured Studenkovo the Russians broughtit within easy gunsho Fange and left the threatened Ger nan garrison to the east withou i feeder line field dispatches re lealod At the same lime the red army stepped up Its attacks along a tadmile front running south from Orel consolidating and expandingnew sains which had carried spearheads across both the Donets and Mius rivers The German high command acknowledged fierce defensive bat tles in the Orel salient and along the Donets and Mius rivers and conceded local penetrations by powerful soviet formations but claimed the wedges were cor doned off The London radio reported that Russian forces driving toward Qrel from the east were less than siven miles from tiiecity V v Think Duce Urged Hitler to Send Aid BERN W Informed diplo matic circles expressed belief Wednesday that Premier Mussolini lad made an urgent appeal to Hitler for more help in the defense of his gravely threatened country when the axis partners met Monday somewhere in north ern Verona f These sources asrced that im mediate events in the battle of Sicily had promoted the confer ence which apparently was held as American bombers Hounded Rome but most of them felt that the situation in Italy itself was the main tonic if iliscussinn SICILIANS WELCOME AMERICAN troops on an armored car had this view of Comiso as they passed through the town during their advance northward Na tives of the town turn out to give the Yanks a hearty welcome This is an office of war in formation radiophoto from Africa U S Bombers Sink Nippon Cruiser and 2 Destroyers 1 j milStary reports the red army was advancing in all key sectors of the southern front down from the breached Orel salient to the sea of Azov in the Tasianros area They described the Russian drive as a series of encirclins movements reminiscent of the last great winter campaign which swept the Germans 500 miles westward from Stalinsrad The concentric squeeze on Orel was described a tightening swift ly threatening the keystone city midway between Moscow and Kharkov not only with direct as sault but with isolation for reduc tion of the German garrison in the manner made famous at Stalin grad Synchronized with the drive clown into the base of the Otel salient Irom the north were inten sified attacks on ths sagging rim of the bulge from both south and which netted 50 towns and villages in advances ranging up to seven and onehalf miles To the south in the Belgorod sector the army organ Red Star said the Russians were mopping up the area from which the Ger mans had been ousted restoring the situation before the German offensive which began July 5 The red army is rolling for ward over fields where lie the charred carcasses of the ligers the 60ton German Red Star said fjoviet salvage detachments already are 1 the booty to the rear Deeper m the Ukraine in the regions south of Izyum and south west ol Voroshilovgrad what be gan 3s local soviet thrusts was de veloping into a gigantic battle for Ithc Donets industrial basin The crossings of the MiiJs and upper Donnets shaped up as a pos sible renewal of the attempts last winter lo encircle the Donets basin and force a German withdrawal The battle is mounting in fe rocity and intensity hourly with fierce infantry clashes raging in I several sectors heavily supported I by tanks artillery and aircraft Red Star said The push across the Mivis was reported lo have cut the only sup ply railroad serving Taganrog southern anchor of the Gentian line since Marshal Semyon Tim oshenko threw the naris out of Vainly to Run Allied Blockade Around Munda By C YATES McUANlKL A L LI E D HEADQU ART ERS IN THE SOUTHWEST PACIFIC bombers were credited Wednesday with sinking a cruiser and two destroyers of a Japanese convoy attempting vain ly to run the allied sea and ail blockade around ihe big llunda airbase in the Solomons A force of three light cruisers six destroyers and two trans ports undoubtedly seeking to aid the hardpressed garrison at iMunda was spotted by Catalina ilyiiif boats shortly alter mid night Tuesday in Vclla gulf west of Kolombangara island The Calalinas followed the con voy until strong formations of liberators Mitchells and avenger bombers arrived with bombs which blasted at least three war ply clumps and installations at Madang New Guinea Bombed the airdrome at Cape Chater on Timor island setlins more than 30 fires which merged into one large conflagration and Stvuck the town and barracks area of Koepang on Timor at night starting seven large and numerous small fires BODY IS FOUND In reaching his conclusion they pointed to recent axis statements hinting that both Germany and taly already regard the defense f Sicily as a lost cause The observers reasoned Ihnl if he axis has given up hope of hold ug the island the next line of de ense must be on the Kalian main nid and tliat waysand means nust be found of withdrawing the emnants of the Sicilian lorcc and lo resist an allied anditiR Obviously informed sources said one of Ihe problems of effective resistance to the allies is jir power They pointed out that even the axis press has acknowl edged allied air superiority in the Sicilian theater while the allies have reported only negligible re sistance lo their aerial assaults Robert Tiroufeds Car Tips Over on Way Horn TRUCE IN FOOD POLICY ISSUES THOUGHT NEAR Executive Legislative Leaders Appear Headed Toward Agreement WASHINGTON exe culive branch and legislative leaders appealed to be headed to ward a truec on some of their major fann and food policy dif ferences Wednesday as Russell D Ga culled on his farm state contem poraries to meet the admimstra ion halfway on any move it might make toward reconciliation oC hose differences and agricultural adjustment Appears Axis Plans Stand in N E Sicily Airfields in Sardinia and Italy Raided ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN NORTH AFRICA Allied air attacks were on a somewhat re duced scale Tuesday after Ihe previous days giant effort by more than 500 planes against Rome but there still was enough reserve power to leave vital body of Robert Troutcn 54 of Winneshiek county whose address is Harmony Minn was found in his car which had tipped over in a ditch just south of the State Line church on the Minnesota line in Winneshiek county early Wednesday morning Mr Troutcn was alone in the car and was appareilly going home from Harmony when the ac cident occurred There was no in dication that the car had been struck by another vehicle Officers were unable to deter mine the cause of the accident or find anyone who had seen it Mr Troutsn leaves n widow but no children John Pierce ot Cresco deputy sheriff of Howard county is a brotherinlaw Military observers estimate that the axis has 5000 la 6000 planes in combat on ill European 1800 to 2100 are said to be fifchfer planes backed up by a reserve of unknown quantity They agreed that if the allies arc to be quarantined on Sicily and the Italian mainland saved by an effective delaying action on the island this reserve must be tinown nto battle They pointed out however Ihnt he question is a toush one Tor since il is upon the German lir force which is larger and bet ier trained lhan the Italian thai the brunt of the lighting would fall There were Iwo sides to the question confronting Hitler ob servers believed First Would German commitments in Russia Ihe Balkans in occupied France and Norway and at home be en dangered and second is bomb blasted Italy a good risk igency AAA forbade its 200 000 field employes and eommiUcc nen to distribute information 1 b o tit AAA farm programs through news channels Russell told reporters he was pleased that War Food Adminis trator Marvin Jones planned to consult with congressmen before making final decisions affecting future farm jwoblems U would do well for the ad ministration and members of con gress to approach such confer ences in a spirit of mutual help fulness and without chips on their shoulders the senator added lie said congressional sent ment still favored belter farm prices rather than government subsidies but he believed splrH of elye wovId Iron but differences of opinion on the subsidy question as well as other issues His assertions followed an agri culture department interpretation of a provision in its new appro ALLIED HEADQUARTERS Dwight D Eisenhower said Wednesday that the axis was moving in some reinforcements and apparently plans to make a stand in northeastern Sicily op posite the toe ot the Italian boot The enemy apparently plans to make a stand along a line al the base of the northeastern peninsula of the island including Mount Etna the allied commander in chief said He told correspondents that the Germans were bringing some re inforcements into the northern tii of Sicily from Ihe llalian main and With the axis armies in mid Sicily and western Sicily reported falling back to the northeastern corner it appeared that Eisen hower envisaged a line starling somewhere around of heivy fighting extending northwestward south of Mount Etna lo a point on the north coast This probably would mean that the axis planned lo make its strongest defense stand about 50 miles from Messina or the north east tip opposite the llalian main land nttcmpiiiifi to maintain ground for maneuver in so far as possible LARGE NUMBER OF AXIS FORCES NOW CUT OFF FIGHT AXIS IN BALKANS New Wave of Guerrilla Warfare Breaks Out enemy airfields in southern Italy ships to the bottom and sent the remainder fleeing or limping northward A third destroyer was listed as probably sunk and a transport and yet another destroyer were damaged Four bombers were Mitchells nnd two avengers The action described in Wed nesdays communique from the headquarters of General Douglas McArthur served to maintain steady pressure on Munda big airbase on New Georgia island which lias been hit by land sea and air attack since the southwest Pacific offensive started on July I Supply or reinforcement of Mundii has been made danger ous and difficult the com munique said and a slow but constant deterioration of his the enemys beleaguered gar rison can be expected unless our blockaded ring can be broken This fourth attempt lo crack the Munda blockade brought to 17 the number of Japanese warships list ed officially as having been sunk in the fastspreading allied offen sive in the Solomons Five more are considered probably lost Allied ground forces moving slowly on Munda were aided Tuesday by dauntless dive bomb ers which dropped 18 tons of bombs on Japanese gun positions and Sardinia strewn with flam ing wreckage Six enemy planes were de stroyed and six allied cralt were missing from widespread attacks against the air bases ot Vibo Valentia and Monte Corvino at the toe of the Italian boot Aquino and Capodichino near Naples and Decimomannu in Sardinia Rostov in their first major reverse 1 along a perimeter about two miles of the Flyers Had Chance to Refuse to Bomb Rome CAIRO crew men who took part in the raid on Rome disclosed that participants were given the opportunity to back out if they wished to do so for religious or other reasons A of 11 crewmen on leave here included Lt Herbert M Light of Ames Iowa east of the airdrome An enemy destroyer at anchor in the harbor of Sarong Dutch New Guinea and a medium sized cargo ship off the coast there were bombed with unobserved results by wideranging bombers which also Attacked the Kahili airdrome on Bougainville island starting nu merous fires and explosions will 42 tons of bombs Set ablaze the fuel dump at th Alexishafcn airdrome on Guinea Started large fires among sup Two waves of American ma rauder bombers struck Vibo Valentia studding hangars and blanketing a number of parked aircraft with hot slcel RAF bombers from the middle east had attacked the same airdrome Ihe previous night American Mitchells repented aided Monte Corvino setting si cast 12 enemy planes ablaze 01 he ground Crewmen said frag bombs splintered mong 20 lo W axis aircraft in he dispersal areas and that nu merous fires broke out in hangars ighlrung fighters escorted both American missions Canadian and RAF Wellington jombers from North Africa leavily attacked Aquino Mondny night starting at least 30 fires of which six or eight were of huge proportions American warhawk fightcr oombers attacking Sardinian tar gets destroyed fiveenemy planes Owned by Boy Will Be Auctioned Off for War Bonds HARVARD Ncbr yearold Robert Pinckney was lappy Wednesday because he has Tound a way to dispose of the Har vard city jail and at the same lime help Uncle Sam build a warship The sturdy little structure which the youth picked up for a few dol lars at a lax sale will be auctioned off for war bonds and the proceeds will help build the new cruiser U S S Los Angeles he saicl Pinckney said he made the pro posal to the Los Angeles war fi nance committee and that Tues day night Commitlcc Chairman Albert S Scott cosed the deal by long distance telephone The youthful jail buyer will go to the west coast within the next two weeks to attend the auction and turn over the deed to the jail RUMANIA WONT HELP GERMANS Report Anlonescu Has Refused Nazi Demands Buy AVar Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazelle carrier boy ISTANBUL Inly IS Delayed Pj Diplomatic sources said that Premier Ion Antonescii ol Rumania has flatly refused Ger man demands that Rumania par ticipate in the fighting this sum mer asainst Russia Anlonescu was reported to have told nazi representatives two weeks that Rumania already had made great sacrifices and henceforth would only defend her own borders The sources also said the Ger mans in reprisal for this refusal had threatened to turn pronazi iron guardisls loose in Rumania to continue antisemitic activity nd terrorist campaigns which ntoncscu suppressed late in 1051 priation nut which prohibited the use of federal funds in paying salaries and expenses of any AAA information employe The an nouncement told the employes as well as the state county and local farm commiltcemen that they must not carry on any promotional activity for the AAA as an insti tution or for its policies or at tempt lo build public pressure for or against congressional action on farm measures The congressional refusal of hinds lor informational work fol lowed complaints that AAA em ployes and commiliecmcn had sought to influence legislative ot i litude on a proposed crop in centive payment program I These armistice moves coincided with a variety of developments on the everpressing food question They included a war food ad ministration decision to rcuuire slaughterers to Jriirt more fat for lard off pork cuts a senate committees plans to investigate charges that chain stores have Itnught small meat packing plants and cut off supplies from small retailers and the setting of new retail price ceilings on small retailers ami the selling of new retail price ceilings on Ircsh fish possibly to combat a reported strike of fisher men CAIRO A new wave of guerrilla lighting is reported here to have broken out in the Balkans with patriot fighters taking lull advantage of softened Italian mor ale to strike at occupation troops News from Jugoslavia told ot severe fighting in eastern and central Bosnia between axis troops and guerrilla forces of Tosip Brox tlie Montenegrin insurgent also known as Tito The latters band Resistance Weakens Hourly Almost to Point of Collapse on Island By RELMAN MORIS ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN NORTH ApEUCA and Canadian troops have seized prop ot all central off large numbers of axis forces and forcing a gen eral withdrawal as resistance on the island weakened hourly al most to the point ot collapse To Che east British eighth army units hammered at the doors or bastion protecting he entire cast coast another naii couii terassault with heavy casual ties and advancing on the sea port it was officially an nounced Half Sicily now is In allied hands tor all tactical purposes Ennas fall cut off Catania from western Sicily except tor one long rough northern coastal roatt Allied observers reported a gen eral retreat along all roads lead ng up from the center ot Sicily ind Italian prisoners declared that German forces in the central sectors were speeding eastward for a quick getaway The withdrawal appeared in tended for a last stand or possible evacuation in the Messina area of northeastern Sicily or between Catania and Messina Italians complained atalnst their own government as welt the Germans The naxli they declared were repeating tfcelr African tactics of them every time the situation became hopeless fleeiiif in all available transports was reported to have taken the offensive and to have captured a number ot towns and villages from axis garrisons The renewal of resistance in Jugoslavia was reported to have been closely lined with the allied invasion of Sicily thiougli close British military liaison with Gen Draja Mihailovics guerrilla forces According to well substantiated figures released here nearly 250 axis supply trains passing over Croatian railroads had been at tacked and destroyed the spring of 1942 DIES FROM IXJtRIES O T T a M W A Pl Clarence Waddle 47 of Pulaski died at a hospital here of injuries suffered a few hours earlier when his oil truck was in collision with a truck driven by J D Dudley of Centcrvitle near Milton SET MOTION DAYS for holding of motion days in the twelfth dis Irict for Butler county lo be hclrl at Allison arc Monday July 26 2 p m Monday Aug 23 1 p m Monday Sept 20 50 a m Mon day Oct II 10 a m Weather Report FORECAST MASON Wednes day afternoon and Wednesday night Not much chanse in temperature Thursday forenoon IOWA Thundershowers extreme south portion Wednesday aft ernoon and Wednesday night Cooler Wednesday night slight ly warmer by Thursday noon MINNESOTA Cooler Wednesday night Continued cool Thurs day forenoon IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Tuesday 82 Minimum Tuesday night 66 At 8 a m Wednesday 71 Rain trace YKAR AGO Maximum fitt Minimum 57 Apparently disappointed at tha Ships From U S Arrive in Turkey Through Mediterranean Route IZMIR Turkey July 13 De first allied ship ping to reach Turkey directly through the Mediterranean from the United Stales since the north African campaign has arrived in this southern Turkish port with out incident The vessels were thvee mcdnnn sized freighters which sailed from the Atlantic seaboard with mili tary and civilian supplies fov Turkey mostly Icndlease goods The ships sailed together and passed through the Sicilian chan nel on the last day ol the bom Tiiey asserted their own fascist government had given them too few guns and food and issued ob solete transports armor and am munition The U S Canadian troops were spearing deeper into Sicily be yond Enna in a swift powerful advance They are only some 40 miles from Ihe notih coast ot Sici ly and they are rapidly splitting Ihe island in iwo Tiic Italian communique an nounced earlier that Enua had been evacuated and the German war bulletin said that in the western sector of Uie Sicilian front German and Italian lorces unmolested by the enemy exe cuted ordered movements ac cording lo plan British attacks at Catania were repulsed il said The fall of Enna thrciv She whnle axis communication sys tem in Sicily in jeopardy and quick collapse of resistance in the west and centra areas was threatened Bern Hears Suburbs of Rome Raided LONDON inccn tiary and light bombs were dropped in the Rome suburbs during n 65minutc air alarm Wednesday a Bern dispatch re ported but no planes appeared over the city itself A neutral source cut off at p m while telephoning Rome from Bern later reestab lished contact with the fascist cap ital and was informed that the alarm ended shortly after I p m a United Press dispatch said There were no allied reports of a raid on Rome or its environs A nazi broadcast claimed guns at Bari in southeastern Italy had beaten off the first allied attempt to land on the Italian mainland failure of lard output to keep pace with expanding production of heavy hogs WFA is preparing the rigid moat processing order to re vise the present situation which permits packers to leave a larger percentage of fat on pork cuts than still find a ready market Because of that situation WFA spokesmen said much fat which otherwise wouW be processed into lard for com mercial sale lias been wasted in family kitchens The neiv regulation could be expected to hold down the prices of the heavier lart sells for less than most pork cuts change feeding practices imong farmers who have been aliening hogs lo extra weights Senator Wherry RNebr vill preside over the senate smal business coinmiileps inquiry into the charges against chain stores said that small retailers are re questing that the government re fuse to transfer the ment quotas of newlypurchased packing plants to the chain stores He said the complaints charged that the plants previously served small retailers bardment ol Pantelleria close enough to see bombs bursting Buy ttar Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier bny The town controls the main highway and railroad lines run ning cast and west across the mountainous island and it thus cuts the German defenders of Ca tania off from contact with Italian forces in the west These Italian troops have been yielding ground rapidly and sur rendering in huge mimbers Most of the German troops apparently arc concentrated in the Catania area battling desperately to hold the eighth army from sealing off the entire cast coast ot Sicily by plunging through Catania up to ward Messina With Emus fall the only con tact between Catania and west HALIFAX AIDS SALE PORTLAND Ore sors of Portlands downtown street program to sell war bonds Wed nesday will have the help of a visitor who said hed be glad to do his part Hes Lord Halifax the British ambassador Vltfo ALLIES PUSH NORTH forces joined Cana dians lo storm at the heait of Sicily with axis forces re treating toward Messina open
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