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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - July 19, 1943, Mason City, Iowa OF t u NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME HISTORY AND DtS MO IKES I A THE NEWSPAfER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS HOME EDITION TTTTTTl VOL XL1X ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS ALLLEASED WIRTS WVE CENTS A COPY MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY JULY 19 1943 THIS PAPER CONSISTS TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 242 YANKEE PLANES HIT ROME n n n jn 0 MM JH n M 2 Waves of American Aircraft Blast Military Objectives Trained Crews Avoid Religious Cultural Sites in Ancient City CONTRACT FOR AIRPORT TO BE LET ON JULY 28 Pine to Appeal S 100 Award by Sheriffs Jury for Ditch The contract for the Mason City airport runways is to be let Wed nesday July 28 at 10 a m by the civil aeronautics administra t lionat its Kansas City office City t Manager Herbert T Barclay re pealed at the meeting of the city council Monday Plans and specifications for the rumvays have been forward ed to the city manager accord ins fo a telegram from Paul V Roberts CAA airport engineer at Kansas City but Mr Barclay reported that hey had not yet been received Charles B Pine has filed notice ot intent to appeal the award made to him by a sheriffs jury for land which the city con demned to construct a dramagi ditch running southward from th1 airport City Solicitor Charles E Cornwell reported at the meeting Mr Pines appeal is scheduled to come before a district court jury dnrinc the September term of court Mr Cornwall told the council members r whicl the city and for dam ages to the remaining 40 acres o his farm The open ditc would cut the farm exactly in tw halves jury awarded S50 lor the 3 acres of land S800 fo the loss of income from the Ian for 40 years S400 damages to h 20 acres east oC the ditch und S40 damages to the resale value the farm and stipulated that the city must construct and maintain bridge of sufficient size and strength to warrant the sale crossing of the ditch by ordinary farm equipment The drainage ditch is to be used to carry surface water off the two 5600 foot by 150 foot paved run ways during heavy rainstorms serving the same purpose as storm sewers in the city LASH HEART OF IT A bombers bVsteofmjIf tary objectives in RomeMonday for thefirst time in his tory The above view shows fnariy of the ancient citys faTnoujTapd historic structuies winch the allie pinpoint tactics but near which weie important military targets RUSSIANS PUSH NEARER OREL Reach Approaches to Important Nazi Base MOSCOW if The Russian army overcoming the German fluid defense has slugged its way to the approaches of the main enemy base at Orel on the central Russian front south of Moscow the newspaper Pravda official communist party organ an nounced Monday As the battle reached the close of the second week of fu rious fightingalone a 165mile front it found the nazi army initiators of the offensive rock in back under stedge hammer blows of the Russian counter attack which threatened the German base and their hold on Ihc vital OrelBryansk railway The Berlin radio said Monday in a broadcast recorded by the Associated Press that Russian troops launched a violent offen sive Sunday in the Velikie Luki sector northwest of Moscow and on the Neva river near Leningrad with support from heavy artillery fire The Germans said that they had thrown back the red army men inflicting serious losses in cluding the destruction of 33 sov iet tanks The soviet midnight communi que reported that the red army had advanced an additional four miles in one sector during the fighting Sunday capturing sev eral villages and killing about 5000 German troops The battle which was in tended by the Germans to pinch off the Kursk salient and straighten out the line contin ued to pile op heavy losses in the nazi armored and air Divi sions the Russians said ALLIES BATTER JAP SHIPPING Attempts to Give Aid to Munda Beaten Back ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN THE SOUTHWEST PACIFIC B airplanes and surface ships battered Japanese shipping n the Solomon islands over the weekend as American troops in creased their pressure on Munda with attacks on enemy positions near the key airbase United States warships beat back two more attempts to run supplies to the besieged Munda garrison New Georgia Two destroyer flotillas the first of three ships the second of sis were intercepted ncst of Ko lombangara island and forced to retreat northward One de stroyer was believed to have been sunk and hits were scored on three others A powevfxil aerial force de scribed by a spokesman as almost as strong as the 200 plane armada that sank seven Japanese ships and shot down 49 planes in the BuinFaisi area Saturday struck again at the remnants of enemy shipping in that harbor and pounded the nearby Kahili air drome Thirteen zeros were shot down A cargo ship was sunk and two destroyers and another merchantman were damaged The raid was made by fouren gined liberators and torpedo and bombers with a strong fighter escort Four of our planes failed to return Allied planes scored another victory over Xeiv Guinea Sun day Greatly outnumbered our fighters slammed into a forma tion of 50 enemy aircraft shot down two fighters probably destroyed four others and dam aged two without loss to themselves Sharp patrol clashes were re ported from the Salamaua sector Italian Armies in Sicily Are Beginning to Crack Up Everywhere Except Catania Americans Canadians the Germans on the tlnnkj in a hopeless position The British 8th army under Gen Sir Bernard L Montgomery bat tered its wny through the strong est opposition including Hermann Goering tank units on the Catania plain The 8th army aided by para troops which landed behind the enemy lines lo seize key bridges crossed the Gornalunga river and strengthened its bridgehead on the Dittaino river Then the British seized the estuary lorrried by these two rixers and the Simela river on the cast coast just south of Ca Within 10 Miles of Mam Base of Enna By VIRGIL PINKLEY ALLIED HEADQUARTERS North Africa Allied armies swept forward behind shattering air and naval bombardments in Sicily Monday and army reports indicated that Italian forces were beginning to crack up all over the island except outside the cast coast city of Catania where a big battle was raging On the main military fronts The British and Canadians were hammering at the enemy within about three miles of Catania course The Canadians and Americans Many German and Italian dead CORN RECEIVES GOOD SOAKING 181 Inches of Rain Falls in Mason City TJES MO1NES fast growing corn crop reccixxd a good watering Sunday night as thunder showers topped off a day of bright sunshine and seasonable tempera tures Mason City reported 181 inches of rain and Forest City 149 inches Other amounts included 130 at Ames 128 at Council Bluffs 122 at Sioux City and 120 at Fort Dodge Eastern received less gen erous amounts up to reporting lime Monday morning but tania One river had to be crossed cs were forecast for thai part of Raid With Report on Purposes ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN O R T H AFRICA ombing of Rome marked the first me in this war that a repovl on bombing was released before ie attack actually stiirtod Cor espondents were given the infor mation at 11 a m The bomb bay oors were opened in the lead light ot the allied planes 13 min les later and the radio operators n tlie flight informed hcadquar evs instantly The reason ivas lo forestall or discount a flood of axis propa ganda claiming Rome had been bombed indiscriminately with lurid and fantastic tales flashed to Cntholic countries over the world Kome is barely 350 miles from dvanced allied air and Mussolini and his fascist chicf ains ire reported to have lived in error or a bombing of thoir cap tal since the turn in the fortunes of war lit the Mediterranean The fascist chieftain is reported o have had several different lieadquariors arranged in various parts of Italy but his main of fice remained in the capital Thousands of Italians had flock ed to the capital believing it would be snfe from bombing if if The pilots navigators and bombardiers who made the at tack were from amonc thousands selected lor special qualities in whtehihelr miliiary efficiency was only one and then went through intensive weeks of training by allied in telligence experts who had lived for years in Romr They memorized a large map of Rome lo be sure of their tar gclK They had lo take air these pre cautions because Mussolini had built up a big war machine vir tually in the shadow of Vatican City The Popes residence is only about five miles from the big Rome railway freight yards where bombs were planted and the Ro man Forum is even closer about three miles The allied air forces also struck at mainland airfields of Italy at Monte Corvino and Pomigliano airfields of Italy nt Monte Cor vino and Pomigliano Saturday night dropping explosives in ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN NORTH An allAnierican force of flying fortresses liberators Mitchells and marauders carried out the wars iirsfc bombing of Rome it was disclosed Monday night The flyers concentrated on military targets in the eternal city The San Lorenzo Marshalling yards one of the targets lies four miles from Vatican City Tho flying fortresses led the way and while they were attacking the San Lorenzo yards liberators bombed the Lit torio railway freight yards Simultaneously hundreds nf marauders and Mitchells escorted by lightnings began a lengthy attack on the Cam pine airdrome 3f At X if The flyers struck at the very heart of fascist Italy in un emphatic followup to the ChurchillRoosevelt surren der demand M Jf x The crews were specially trained to cany home a preci sion attack pinpointing targets which supposedly were protected by proximity to some oE the most sacred symbols and monu ments ot Christianity The San Lorenzo Marshalling yards was the closest target to the Vatican Fortyfive minutes after the list another foBresses laid a i tern of bombs over 1 yards All the crews were carefully attack was an American opera Axis Version of Rome Bombing twicc because of its curving Australian jungle fighters cap lured Japanese positions near Mt Tambu and Orodubi counterattacks were Bay War Savings Bonds and from GlobeGazette carrier The ground action was supported by bombers and fighters which skimmed the treetops pinning the Japanese to their holes in the jungle Official reports from Admiral William F Halseys command gave few details about the prog ress of the battle for Munda But Monday was the first time that Ihc communique from General Douglas MacArlhtirs headquar ters had mentioned American ground forces attacking the air drome area captured Piazza Armerina and Caltanissettn in a pincers drive that carried forNVnrd to within 10 miles of the main axis base of Enna in midSicily The Americans shoved fonvatd in the west in a flanking opera tion intended to splitand turn the enemy line The sivift allied advances were squeezing the axis forces back into northeastern Sicily as the Americans and Canadians plunged ahead for newly captured towns At some points the Americans were less than 50 miles from the north coast of Sicily where they could cut the main communica ions lines from Messina to Pa ermo The capture of Enna would virtually cut the axis defenses in iaf So rapid was the allied advance in some sectors that the Canadians gained 20 miles in a day and Ital ian units were reported surrender ing en masse At least one German officer was shol when he at tempted to prevent surrender to the Americans With more than onethird of Sicily in allied hands and the vital Gerbini air base threat ened the axis military situation Japanese appeared to be deteriorating repulsed rapidly except on he east coast road leading to Messina The Italians were showing their sympathy xvith the allies by stroying fascist symbols and pic were left on the battle fields eii route to Catania which was burn ing after repeated air and naval bombardment Allied planes and warships alsd ranged nothward to ward Tvlessinia smashing hard at enemy communications On the central front Americans stormed into Caltanissetta seizing the main axis communications to the west and advancing to within a dozen miles of the enemys main mid island concentration point at Enna The American thrusting northward operations point about 53 miles west of Catania appeared to be threatening the en emys entire right flank in a split ting iind turning movement while other allied forces stpbbed into the line nearer Catania in drives thai IhreJtcncd Gerbini airdrome and roads southwest o Mount Etna tures their of Mussolini and pulling punches on the military he state Monday strings across runways and build ings it was announced In direct support of the British eighth army driving up the Sicilian cast coast other fleets of aircrafl blasied at Catania and Randazzo I a Key communications center Onawn was Sundays hot spot across Mount Etna from Cnlania viih a maximum temperature of 31 degrees Mason City was low vith Oj It was at Decorah The range in DCS Moincs was from 34 down to 55 The weather bureau predicted ittle chaiiEc in temperature in the state Monday Buy VVar Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy Stays in Bed While Fire in Mattress Is Put Out by Firemen HAnTFORD Conn i about laith in the fireladdies Engine company number three reported that it was called lo a north end tenement to put out a fire in a mattress The occupant of the mattress despite a slightlyburned arm stayed in bed while the firemen poured water on the blaze front despite German units scat tered among them The lineup of axis forces in battle was based on having Italian troops in the center of each battle sector with Ger mans on both flanks Nevertheless there have been many cases where the Italians surrendered and left Stolen Car Recovered Extra Tire SEATTLE E G Blancharci reported her automobile stolen The police found an extra tire Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Slightly c n o 1 c r Monday afternoon and Monday night Continued coo Tuesday forenoon IOWA Not much change in lom neralurc Monday afternoon Monday night and Tuesday forenoon MINNESOTA Warmer northeast portion little change in tem perature remainder ot state Monday night and Tuesday forenoon IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Sunday 83 Minimum Sunday night 56 At 8 a m Monday 63 Rain 181 inches YEAR AGO Maximum 91 Minimum 6S Precipitation 32 The figures for Sunday Maximum Saturday Minimum Saturday night At 8 a m Sunday YEAR AGO s Maximum Minimum Across the strait from these ohjcctivcs the middle east force of RAF fourcnsinedi Halifaxcs and American liberators hurled tons nf explosives from Calabrias rail and port facili ties early Sunday The Rome bombing was an nounced in a brief special com munique which emphasized the care taken not to harm cultura and religious structvires A CBS commentator in i broadcast from Algiers recorded by the Associated Press in Lon i don said it may be assumed th nianuf acUir ing propaganda fodder from the two and onehalf hour allied raid on Home claimed Monday that bombs were dropped on some re ligious cultural and civilian ob jects and ureas The Italian Stefani news agency aid bombs fell on the San Lor nizo Fuori Basilica nit the Campo Verano cemetery on University and in residential districts ncluding Compo Ycrano San Lorenzo Prenestino and Tibur ino The points named by Stefan are either on or near the main railroad routes leading into Romes central station Stazioitc Termini The Prenestino and Tiburtino areas are adjacent to the rail ines going northwestward to the Termini and the Prenestino in particular is in the district wThere the lines iliverge to lead in all directions away from the city The San Lorenzo Fuori Basilica is probably a church near one of the old Roman gntes just off the railroad lines University City is on 1hc same side of the city Berlin broadcasters found slim pickings in their first go at the bombing The Transocean news agency failed lo blist a single Rome church getting no closer than an explosion 300 yards from the Lalcran Basilica The agency said the bombers were over Rome two and onehalf hours the It is feared possessions of the Vatican will suffer heavy damage further attacks of this kind since some of them are situated near a railroad for example the Lzteran Basilica and the Basilica of Santa Maria Transocean said S3 67 94 73 instructed to avoid historical and religious points by means of large aerial photographs on which such places as Vatican City St John Lateral ami others were out lined in red with the legend near by Must on uo account be dam aged A terrific force ot explosives tuivst iti Rome Prior to the falling of the bombs went leaflets telling Italians why the Eternal City had to be at the fascists capi talizing on hallowed precincts had concentrated their there and funnoled i troops as well as their rough Roman railways f It is from this war engine hat weapons to kill our sold diers have been coming he allied message said The raid was announced in a rief communique from allied eadquartcrs which said especial are was taken not to damage re gions or cultural monuments This was in line with a com lunicalion w It i c It President loosevelt sent to Pope Pius XII ccently assuring him that the al es in attacking Sicily and Italy vould do all in their power to void damage to the Vatican and roperty of the Roman Catholic hurch in Italy The raid was carried out in road daylight and bombs were wav at a m a m CWT The allies thus took the open Ing step in bringing the war to mil lions of Italians who had found or expected to find refuge in the ancient city A group of specially selected and British pilots were given the task Allied commanders said they look unusual risks lo carry out heir mission without damaging those areas of tho Italian capital where religious institutions or cul tural monuments are located The communique declared thai t Lhe principal target of the raid was he railway marshalling yard in Ihe capital which it said is of the greatest importance to the axis war effort and in particular for Ihe movement of German troops The attack was carried out the announcement said by both heavy and medium bombers ol the Med iterranean air command Leaflets nlso were dropped over the eternal city by the raiders Rome a city ot approximately 900000 is situated on the west coast ot the Italian mainland about midiray of the long nar row peninsula It is about 35D miles from the nearest point on the North African coast The brief communique announc ing the raid said objectives in Rome ond vicinity have been bombed Mon day by heavy bombers and med vV
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