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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - July 16, 1943, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER IDITED FOR THE HOME OF HISTOay Ahlfj ARCHIVES KOINES I A THE NtWSPAKR THAT VOL XUX MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEiOHIORS MASON CITY IOWA FRIDAY JULY 16 1943 HOME EDITION LimiTi IMM PAPa CONSISTS OT TWO MOTIONS LTIMATUM GIVEN ITALY ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN SOUTHWEST PACIFIC W the wily Japanese a IJs own jungle game of stealing behind American ami istraliah lighters of Gen Doug jMacArthur possessed the Mubo tateway to Salamaua Friday after out 950 surprised defenders a brilliant New Guinea ma The abrupt collapse of hill BposiUoiu bestride which the Japanese for months barred the Av hrough han 150 Jut they ronched Jreen hill vlubo st i f 1 pvoc Rendova islandin the ntral Sol6ni6hs 45 Japanese qutofa ition of approximately 80 on nearby New Georgia American jungle fighters edged till closer to the enemys key air ot Munda The selfsame tactics the Japa nese employed with such bewild ering success against the British on their advance down the Malay leninsuJa upon ration to the their Undoing at Mubo On June 30 while the right rong of the present Pacific off ensive got under way against ilunda the left prong was estab ished by American forces who raved the treacherous reefs to and at Nassau bay on northeast New Guinea 12 miles down the oast from Salamaua A highly secretive operation began at that point Stealthily these forces some logging heavy guns by hand over jungle paths moved inland along valley of the Bitol river Mubos rear After Americans andAustral ans conquered southeastern New juinea inl midJanuary by de troy me r Japanese army of 15 had moved e jungle north more lies toward Salamaua fund the Japanese en n Observation hill the Pimple and other 9PSPoints From spring the current offensive it was stalemate x Fridayscornmunique from eneral MacArthur who now is in the field in New Guinea in personal charge of the campaign disclosed that the AmericanTwho from Nassau bay the Australians July 10 at cutting communica ons and isolating the Japanese n Observation and Green hills Observation hill was overrun tter 106 tons of bombs fell roong its demoralized defenders n less than 45 minutes from al ed planes From front and rear ther enemy defenses at Mubo ere stormed Our groind forces have now cleared the am rf all organized enemy resistance anil are pressing on KmaUtmn five miles from the HDUBniqiK saM Approximately 950 enemy oops were destroyed Our losses ere light The sky fight over the central where the Japanese ave expended more than 260 anes since the current offensive arted found the Americans looting down more planes than had in the air tackling the enemy bombers and their es ort of between 50 and 60 zeros Vgamst the 45 downed we lost ree planes and our Solomons ssses to date are under 50 i Russians Seod Elements 10 Nazi Divisions Reeling fr Orel Offensive OUTWIT IAPS IN JUNGLE IDTAKEMUBO Wipci pot Surprised 950 Nippon Fighter in Brilliant Maneuver Planes 12000 Mem BULLETINS LONDON broad casts recorded by Reuters said Friday that the red army had driven within 15 miles of the great German base of Orel in their developing offensive from three directions Where the closest penetration toward the city miles south of Moscow had been made was not specified but the Russians appeared to be nearer Orel from the south than either the east or north LONDON German official DNB news agency re Ported Friday thatthe red army had broken the long lull on the Leningrad front by attacking south of Schiuesselbnrff after heavy artillery preparation MOSCOW Russians struck fresh blows at the Germans Fnday from points 37 miles north and 25 miles east of Orel sending elements of 10 nazi divisions reel ing back and scattered in rain soaked forests and fields Other red divisions whittled down the minor German gams m the Belgorod bulge some 165 nules to the south and repulsed all fresh German tanktosxei 1686 planes had beende stroyed and upwards of 54000 men had been kitted or cap tared in the 12 day battle of attrition on the basis of dfficial Russian estimates The German communique per sisted in calling the Russian of fensive north and east of Orel relief attacks but said the drive was on a 90 mile front between Orel and Sukninichi The Berlin broadcast said 530 tanks and 49 planes were destroyed there Thursday The nazi command as serted that their army made ad ditional gains north of Belgorod and encircled group Russian strong soviet counterattacks were said to have weakened In a special communique Thurs day night announcing the coun teroffensive launched three days ago the Russians said their swift thrusts north and east of Orel 200 miles south of Moscow had re sulted in a 28mile advance that recaptured 110 towns left more than 12000 Germans dead and destroyed 109 nazi tanks 294 planes and 47 guns besides cap turing piles of supplies The special buHetin said the column attacking from the north of Orel had penetrated 28 miles into the German line to within 18 miles of the OrelBryansk rail way and the other column driv S from the east had pushed ahead lo miles on an 18mile front to within 28 miles of the city on Italy to Give Up f BEStDEXT ROOSEVELT PRTME MINISTER CHURCHILL KNOXiWILL FREE ALEUTIANS Declares U S Will Drive Out Japanese WASHINGTON Knox saidFriday m commenting on naval bombardments ol the Japanese base on KusJca propose to drive of the Aleutians secretary been asked at a press Conference about the significance of the shellings and latest of which was reported in a communique earlier Friday This was the fifth attack within 10 days Ill say what I have said be fore Knox declared pro pose to drive the Japanese out of the Aleutians That is no secret Just when and how we are go ing todo it I cant talk GEROW TAKES HARTLE POST Heads American Field Forces in Europe LONDON If ard Townsend Gen Leon Gerow has suc ceededMaj Gen RusseE PHartU as commanding officer of U European Jhe army headquarters an jnounced Friday The nature of Hartles new as signment was not disclosed Gerow pronounced Jarow is a 54 year old native of Peters burg Va and like Chief of Staff General George C Marshall is a graduate of Virginia Military In stitute Italian Prisoners Tell How Nazis Put Mines at Their Backs ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN NORTH AFRICA O Italian prisoners are complaining bitterly of the system of defense in Sicily by which they were put in the front line with a German mine field laid at their backs They said the Germans to tell them where the mines were located and remained well to the rear while the Italians had to bear the first shockof the al lied attack The Italians suffered many cas ualties when they had to retreat through the minefields Boy War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier bov GIANTS BUY JOEMEDWICK SPORTS BULLETIN NEW YORK Medwick Brooklyn outfielder Friday was sold to the New York Giants foi the waiver price of S7500 Eddie Brannick secretary of the Giants said that no other players were in volved Van Metre Is Named Chairman of Rationing Board at Waterloo WATERLOO Van Metre attorney has been named chairman of the Waterloo ration ing board by R A Walters dis trict administrator and accepted Friday on the condition that a strong and representative board can be formed Van Metre suc ceeds They N Cowin who with the eight other board members resigned July 7 British JS BRITISH DEFEAT Taken in Sicily NEAICATMU Observers Think Foe May Be Compelled to Fight Rearguard Action By DANIEL DE LUCE ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN NORTH AFRICA hard punching British eighth army was reported within 15 miles of Ca tania in a northward surge up the Sicilian coast Friday after falling upon two German armored divi sions and severely mauling them Allied headquarters announced the capture of 12 more towns as Americans British and Can adians advanced all alone their moonshaped front and more than 200M prisoners were in al lied hands when Gen Sir Ber nard L Montgomerys veterans administered another whipping o the Hermann Goering and lath German armored divisions The American seventh army of Lt Gen George S Patton Jr seizing a number of towns on the western sector some of them o the greatest strategicimportance bad taken nearly S This time Montgomery fell upon the Germans north of Lentmi where the axis had gathered im portant armor for a strong coun terattack and smashed them back Observers believed the enemy had staked his all on counterat tack With an appreciable number ol tanks already in Sicily observers were confident the German tank forces would be dealt with and that thereafter the enemy would be obliged to fight a defensive rearguard action while conducting a withdrawal from the island The axis appeared powerless to keep the allied fleet in check as it gave strong seaward sup port to Montgomerys right flank and bombarded the enemys coastal positions at will The I5th German armored di vision was believed to be a col lection of German units which had been assembled to go to Tu nisia before its fall It was then given the name of the enemy di vision that was wiped out in the Tunisian fighting Anotherhot struggle also jvas reported inland about 25 miles from the east coast at Vizzini one of the newly captured towns This town on a vital second line of communications upon which the axis had been obliged to fall back changed hands several times before the British got it securely in their control Continuation of the advance from Vizzini would quickly menace he towns of Militello and Scordia at the western en trance of the Catania plain At Irnlini the British already were fighting at the southern edge of that plain With the immediate prize of Catania near at hand the veterans of Montgomery were said by Fri days communique from allied neadquarters to have made fur ther progress against German troops who desperately contested every inch of ground The Rome radio in a broad cast recorded in London said the real and true decision for the is land will be reached in a new bat tle which has already virtually started in the Catania Severe losses were inflicted upon the enemy by the American seventh army of LtGen George S Palton Jr which advanced several miles across difficult hill gauntry and captured further mportant positions the com munique added Although he headquarters bulletin said the speed of the advance is very satisfactory it called attention to the limiting factor of allied transport and supporting weapons at this stage operations The reorganized Hermann Goer tank division of the Germans lad suffered heavy losses in at emptmg to oppose the British push toward Catania headquar Smoke Rises High Above Fiery Naples Italian lay in port of Naples smoking ruins Friday e unia Aj lUiiy crushed under the same stagger ing allied aerial assault that vir tually wiped Messina from the soil of Sicily the previous day Twentyfour solid hours of bombardment by the heaviest bomber formations from North Africa left Naples fountainhead of enemy reinforcements and supplies for Sicily a blazing in ferno its arsenal all but demol ished and smoke rising more than 20MO feet over the strick en The allied aerial offensive was spreading deep into Italy itself While Naples was bearing the brunt of Thursdays smashing at tack American liberator bombers from the middle east tore into two important enemy airdromes in southern Italy by daylight and heavy HAF Lancasters swung down over the Alps from England to pulverize communications in northern Italy Medium bombers and bombers scourged the enemy in Sicily by night and day raking road and rail communications and giving tight overhead protection to allied forces fighting m the south and east of the island Six Men enemy stroyed during theday an allied announcement said against the loss of seven allied craft The allies famous onetwo punch delivered by four waves of American flying fortresses in daylight and by the RAFs stur dy Wellingtons at night was to give Naples a tre mendous1 haltering The 24hour bombardment was described here as comparable to the previous days attack on Messina gateway to the Italian mainland which literally destroyed an area two miles long and one mile wide ters reports said but the German fifteenth armored division was known to he in reserve However observers expressed the opinion that the enemy with oily limited and doubtful forces at his disposal had staked most of his resources in this effort to hold the allies south of Catania and that his defenses were disin tegrating It was said allied airborne and seaborne reinforcementts were likelyto arrive and strong naval forces continued to support the British right flank from the sea In their latest acttipn allied warships again shelled Catania and a destroyer accounted for an other enemy motor torpedo boat The American seventh army in fanning out over a deepening ex panse of its long coastal strip had captured 1599 prisoners In the land fighting British and American airborne and Parachute forces had swooped down from the sXies to knock out centers of enemy resistance and pave the way for the on coming tank and infantry units The enemy still had not de veloped resistance on the scale the invaders had expected and for which they had been pre pared A sevenmile thrust by Ameri cans through mountain territory on the central front engulfed strategic upland positions in the Vizzini area 25 miles northeast oj the beach head orged by U S forces at Scoglitti In the Vizzini region the American seventh army com manded by Lt Gen George S Patton Jr thus is linked with British and Canadian forces comprising Gen SivBernard L Montgomerys eighth army To the west the Americans some ot whom Associated Press Correspondent John A Moroso reported Thursday night in a delayed dispatch went direct from the United States to the invasion shore have captured the towns of Campobello and Reisi above the Licata bridgehead and are menacing Caltagirone northeast of Gela Buy War Savings Bonds and SUmps from GlobeGatette boy Leaflets Broadcasts Call on Italians to live for Civilization T WASHINGTON AP Roosevelt and Prime Minister Churchill Friday gave Italy her surren der honorably or he blasted out of the war In a virtual ultimatum the allied leaders time has come for the Italian people to decide whether Italians shall die foi1 Mussolini and live for Italy and civilization The statement added The skies over Italy are dominated by the vast air armadas of the United States and Great Brit and Italys sea coasts are threatened by the great est accumulation of British and allied sea power ever concen trated in the Mediterranean In a joint statement issued si multaneously at the white house and in London at 6 a m central war time the two united nations leaders told the people of Italy Targets in North Italy Lashed Again LONDON JP Halifax bomb ers of the RAF attacked the Peu geot Motor Vehicle Works at Montbcliard in northern France Thursday night the air ministry announce Friday and Lancasters swung across the Alps to pummel targets in northern Italy The Peugeot Motor Woiks pro duce two ton trucks ani the out put was second only to that o the Renault plant before the latter was flattened by air attack Moritbeliard is located about 10 miles south of Belfort in eastern France near the Swiss border In Italy the Laucasters blast ed an electric transformer and switching stations the an nouncement said but the site of the attack was not given Auxiliary raids by RAF in truders on airfields and railways in Germany France and the low countries also were reported Seven bombers were listed as missing One enemy plane was shot down The communique said weather over Montbeliard was clear and preliminary reports indicated the attack was concentrated and ef Keeping up the air offensive two waves of allied planes swung across Dover Strait Fri day morning in he direction of Boulogne and Calais Thursday nights foray by the fighter bombers was their second assault in as many nights against landing fields and rail targets Minor enemy air activity was was reported over Britain during the night bombs being dropped at scattered points in southeast Eng land East Anglia and the greater London area A communique said these raids had resulted in one fatality and no damage One enemy raider was reported shot down VERONICAS BABY DIES HOLLYWOOD UP Veronica Lake gained strength Friday de spite her grief at the death of her prematurely born son Anthony Dethe The three pound baby had oecn placed in an incubator at wrth and was given a blood trans fusion in an effort to save his life Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Thundershowcrs and scattered local squalls Fri day afternoon Friday night and early Saturday forenoon cooler Saturday forenoon IOWA Thundershowers ending west and central portions Fri day night and in extreme east portion Saturday forenoon cooler Friday night and Satur day forenoon MINNESOTA Showers and thunderstorms southeast and extreme east portions Friday night Cooler Friday night slightly cooler Saturday fore noon IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Thursday 83 Minimum Thursday night 64 At 8 a m Friday gg K30 02 inch YEAR AGO Maximum gg Minimum 1 that the sole hope of Italys sur vival lies in honorable capitula tion to the overwhelming power of the military forces of the united nations If you continue to tolerate he fascist regime which the evil power of the nazis yon most softer the ol TOUT own choice tte laid allied With forces sweeping across Sicily toward the Italian mainland the president and Brit ish prime minister in their mes sage broadcast to Italy from Al giers and other adjacent allied points said they could takeno satisfaction in invading Italian soil and bringing the tragic devas tation or war home to the Italian people They added that they were de determined however to destroy the false leaders and their doc trines which have brought Italy to her present position The release of the joint state ment which followed several informal invitations in recent months that Italy get out of the ivarwas the signal for a prop aganda drive which included the dropping of thousands of leaflets on Italy by allied bomb ers in addition to beaming the message to the people of Italy by radio Asserting that Germanys hopes for world conquest have been blasted an all fronts the joint statement declared the skies over Italy are dominated by vast allied air armadas and Italys coasts are threatened by the greatest ac cumulation of British and allied seapowcr ever concentrated in the Mediterranean They added Every moment that you resist the combined forces oE the united drop of blood that you serve only one purpose to give the fascist and nazi leaders a little more time to escape from the inevitable conse quences of their own crimes The 600word message con cluded The time has now come for you the Italian people to con sult your own self respect and your own interests and your own desire for a restoration of national iigmly security and peace time has come for you to decfde whether Italians shall die for Mus solini and live for Italy and for civilization The white house called news paper offices less than a half hour before making public the joint statement Many reporters were routed out of bed to rush to the executive offices and handle it Asserting Mussolini had Plunged the Italian people into a war which he thought Hit ler had already won the pres ident and prime minister MM that at this moment the com bined armed forces of the United States and Great Britain are carrying the war deep Into the territory of your country This is the direct consequence it continued of the shamefnl leadership to which you have been subjected by Mussolini and his fascist regime H added that the fascist leaders sent Italian sons ships and forces to distant battlefields to
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