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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - July 2, 1943, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY AND ARCH DCS KOIKES IA IVCS THI NiWSPAKR THAT MAKtS ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL XUX ASSOCIATED VKtSS AND UNITED FJUCSS LEASED WIRES FIVE CENTS A COPY MASON CITY IOWA FRIDAY JULY 2 1943 HOME EDITION rrmri PAPKB CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 228 F R VETOES BILL TO BAN SUBSIDIES US Warships Shell Northern Solomon Isles JAPS LOST 123 PLANES TO 23 YANKEE CRAFT Conquest of Rendova Is Completed New Attacks Are Made on Vila By ROGER GREENE Associated Press War Editor Allied naval supremacy in ihe southwest Pacific appeared un challenged Friday as US war ships steamed deep into the north ern Solomons shelling a series of Japanese strongholds while vic torious American troops completed the conquest of Rendova Island after wiping out the enemy garri son U S shore batteries on Rendova Were heavily bombarding the Jap anese air base at Munda New Georgia island seven miles away American dive bombers also smashed at Japanese positions in the Munda area the navy said setting fires and pounded enemy encampments at Vila on Kolom bangara island Dispatches said it was not im mediately known whether the American warships thrusting 150 miles northwest of the Rendova New Georgia area represented a diversion or the beginning of ex panded operations A bulletin from Admiral Wil liam F Halseys headquarters announced Friday that 193 Jap anese planes had been blasted out of the skies over the New islands Wednesday and 85 Twentytwo enemy aircraft were destroyed Thursday a com munique said after 101 had been knocked down the day before as the enemy apparently threw every available aircraft Into an attempt to break up the American thrust At Gen Douglas MacArthurs headquarters a spokesman said Friday night Australia time that there was nothing further to re port Irom the New Guinea or Sol omon fronts From this it was assumed that all operations were proceeding satisfactorily and on schedule General MacArthurs command said allied warships pounded the enemy at Munda and Vila on nearby Kolombangara island and boldly paraded into the heart of the enemys north ern Solomon defenses to attack the Faisi area Faisi is a village in the Short land islands 30 miles southeast across Bougainville Strait from the big enemy base of Buin on the southern tip of Bougainville island There was no sign of the Japa nese fleet sallying forth to battle in the fourdayold allied offen sive Dispatches said allied casualties in the Solomons had been light despite the hazards Imperial Tokyo headquarters again broadcast fantastic claims asserting that Japanese forces had sunk six allied warships and three transports damaged five other vessels and shot down 77 planes in the battle of Rendova island Wednesday and Thursday The enemy claims sharply conflicting with acknowledged allied losses said the ships de stroyed included a cruiser four destroyers and a small de stroyer Another cruiser a de stroyer and three transports Mere listed as damaged Tokyo admitted the loss of only 31 Japanese planes in scoring these purported successes The naxTr announced Thursday that a single allied vessel a trans port was lost While American troops consolidated their hold on Rendova island across the enemy base at Munda New Georgia other U S soldiers surged for ward into the jungles of Nev Guinea on the left flank of the 700mile allied offensive arc Dispatches said seaborne Amer icans who swarmed ashore sau bay without losing a ma were meeting resistance as the struck inland toward a junctio with Australian forces in the Mubo area eight miles away but details were lacking Nassau bay lies only 12 miles south of the laVge Japanese base Salamaua New Guinea Australian patrols also moving NEW OFFENSIVE by the allies against the Japanese in the south Pacific is believed to be prelim inary to the big drive to oust the enemy from his possessions that will come if the present attacks are successful Dark arrows on map above show the present of fensives and the broken arrows indicate possible later moves acrainst the large Jap base at Rabaul New Britain and on Bou gainville island in the northern Solomons Allied forces might then move against the Japs most powerful Pacific bastion Truk is land shown right YORK AIMS AT MlltfErlf Confident of Taking Demos Senate Job By GEORGE S MILLS DBS MOINES of the principal objectives of Willis York the new Iowa republican chairman is to recapture the sen ate seat held by Guy M Gillette the last democrat holding major elective political office in this state In his first press conference since taking over the chairman ship last weekend York com mented There is no question but that we will provide a candidate who will be successful in winning that position for the republicans Gillettes term expires next year At the height of Its power in the 1930s the democratic party at various times held both sena torships as many as six congres sional seats and the entire state government York also said he could see a rousing national victory for the GOP in 1944 I think the new deal is de feating itself he observed The recent signs of dissension in Washington between Wallace and Jesse Jones for example is a sign of the times When folks cant get along among themselves they must be losing faith In their own policies What does York think of Will kie Dewey and other presidential possibilities It is an accepted task of our committee to support and elect candidates after nominations have been made through the regularly designated channels but not to name them he said The can didate selected will receive our loyal support It is not so much a question as to who will be our candidate as it is that no man is indispensable If we have a fourth term why not a fifth or sixth Its WACs Now WASHINGTON i WAACs became the WACs Friday as President Roosevelt signed w legislation dropping the A for Auxiliary and renaming the or ganization the Womens Army Corps The new law also puts the WACs under army regulations in raises the membership age limit y from 43 to 50 years and provides n hat officers shall exercise com mand only over women of the corps and other army members who are specifically placed under their command spanese and Lt Howard of J calme towa has died in a J nese prison camp Report Nazis Lost Race of Sources Indicate Peak Power to Make War Passed by Hitler By R E BUVXELLE LONDON bv nearly four years of total war and hammered day and night by allied air power German industry has lost the production race essential to victory although Germany still has plenty of fight lett reliable British and foreign sources indi cated Friday Figures fathered by these sources suggest that Germany has positively passed her peak as warmakinr power and now is on the downgrade because of a production decline More con clusive evidence of this will ap pear within the year it was said A steady fall In steel production a narrow margin of oil reserves an inability to replace vital vail way equipment reduction in tank and plane production and other important symptoms of industrial deterioration appeared in the available figures the sources said Steel production which was ap proximately 25000000 tons in January 1942 fell to 925 per cent of that peak by the first of this year and was down to 895 per cent in May according to the fig ures here Tied in with reported electric power difficulties which were magnified by the RAFs destruc tion of the Moehne and Edcr dams was an oil shortage The best sources estimate that Germany normally needs 12000 000 to 13000000 tons of oil yearly and Italy 2500000 while a com parative lull in fighting exists Major operations naturallv send this consumption skyrocketing Germanys present oil reserve is estimated at tons and the British and foreign sources emphasized thai is all she is likely to have lo counter a prospective allied invasion since production is said be Just about keeping abreast of consumption According to the best informa tion the reich now is getting around 5000000 tons of natural oil yearly from the Rumanian fields and between 5000000 and 6000000 tons from synthetic plants But one of the catches in pro duction of synthetic gasoline the sources here said is that the present output requires at least 13000000000 kilowatt hours of Germanys available 80000000 000 kilowatt hours of electric power Everyincrease in production of synthetic gasoline synthetic rub ber or other ersatz products available for steel and armaments industries Locomotives are another hi naxj prMlvc tion Simplified utility models are bting turned out at about monthly but normal wear is estimated to force discard of between 158 and monthly and in May alone the RAF shot up or destroyed some 150 Plane production is reported to have dropped sharply this year Up to last year it was estimated that the output was 2500 to 3000 monthly half of them bombers Now according to the best infor mation the monthly output ranges between 1700 and 2100 of which twothirds are fighters for defense Italian production also is said to have 1200 monthly last year to 600 or 700 now The sources said also it ap peared that the reich is turning out between 600 and 1000 tanks monthly compared with a much higher production a yeir Only in submarine production is Germany on the upgrade these sources said Between 25 and 29 are beinf launched each month compared with IS to 19 a year ago bnt better allied de fensive measures are said to be taking care of that increase lowa Child Suffers Lye Burns on Mouth PERRY Rose Sipe I year old daughter of Mr and Mrs Ernie Sipe of Boulon suf fered lye burns on the mouth and lips Thursday night The child brought to a hospital here where her condition was described as satisfactory is believed lo have found a discarded lye can while playing Weather Report FORECAST MASON much chang in temperature Fridav after noon Friday night and Satur day forenoon Occasional scat tered sprinkles Friday and Saturday forcnoon IOWA Slightly warmer extreme east portion Friday warmer entire state Saturday forenoon scattered thundershowers ex treme north portion Friday aft ernoon and Friday night MINNESOTA Scattered shower and thunderstorms Friday nigl and south and east Saturday forenoon Warmer northeast and extreme east portions IN MASON CITY JlobcGazette weather statistics Maximum Thursday Minimum Thursday night At 8 a m Friday YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 78 63 64 FCC Inquiry Launched With a Bang WASHINGTON UP con gressional Investigation of the federal communications commis ion started off with a bang Fri aV as Chairman Cox D Ga ireatened to call police to force CC counsel to be seated Coxs action came after Charles eiuiy FCC general counsel ought to interrupt Eugene L committee counsel during iareys reading of a list of ges against the commission after Denny arose to make a statement after Garey had con cluded The committee will not hear you at this time Cox tolrt Denny Will you please take your seat If not Ill send for the police and have you seated Cox told Denny the committee would hear him later in the in vestigation which the house or dered last January Denny told newspapermen later lie merely wanted to explain to the committee that Dr Hobert Leigh head of the FCC foreign broadcast intelligence service could not be present next Friday when the hearings are to be re sumed Denny said he also desired at the time of one of his interrup tions to question Garey about letters Garey read into the record Coxs committee charges the FCC with a variety of things ranging from general incompe iency to endangcrment of the na tional security FCC Chairman James Lawrence Fly issued this statement day th FCC C Den Gar charg and JJI advance of a hearing These charges are a tissue of falsehood They will be wholly disproved if anything like a fair hearing can be expected from a committee constituted and motivated as is this one GOAL OUTLOOK IS IMPROVING Miners Are Gradually Ending Costly Strike By UNITED PRESS Operations In the nations coal fields continued to improve Fri day with the return to work of ad ditional miners who gradually were ending their strike which this week alone cost 126000 tons of for 60 destroyers Although approximately 50 000 of Pennsylvanias 130000 soft coal miners remained out of the pits the backtowork movement increased in moth Alabama and the anthracite field of northeastern Pennsylvania More than half of the 80000 hard coal diggers were back on the job and the number of strikers in Alabama was reported at less than 10000 of the states 22000 united mine workers The loss of the large amount of steel through coal shortages was disclosed by H G Batcheller di rector of the WPB steel division during a tour of the Pittsburgh district mills by WPB officials The officials also revealed that the strikes this year have reduced coal production by 26000000 tons Authority for Using Italian Prisoners to Detassel Corn Sought MUSCATJNE use a number of Italian war pri soners for corn detasseling work in Muscatinc and Cedar countie is being sought according o in formation from emergency labor assistants in both counties Under the proposed program which awaits army approval ap proximately 200 Italians from a Missouri prison camp would be quartered at the West Liberty fairgrounds and employed on farms 1n the vicinity Public hearings have been it scheduled for Tuesday morning here and at Tipton at which the wage scale will be considered Findings will be forwarded to the state extension service at Ames for submission toarmy authorities OPA WILL CHECK DES MOINES district office of price administration warned Friday that investigators will be stationed at resort areas during the Fourth of July holiday to check misuse of gasoline ra tions RUSSIA STATES HEAVY BATTLES ARE SHAPING UP Nazis Expect Soviet Offensive to Be Timed With Attack on West By UNITED PRESS Moscow reported Friday that is battles were shaping up in Russia and Berlin said Germany would not be surprised to see a oviet offensive in the east co ordinated with an AngtoAmeri an attack in lie west The soviet and uazt pro nouncements capped a heap of European invasion omens and predictions the most definite of which was an axis propaganda claim that the allies had picked Saturday for an attack As the war of nerves continued actual military operations in the European theater eased off with the royal air force bombing fleet grounded by bad weather and the aerial assault from north Africa reduced below average British Wellington bombers of the northwest African air forces hit the big Sardinian base of Cag liari Wednesday nigh t Gen Dwight D Eisenhowers head quarters announced Switching the transMediterranean assault from battered Sicily the Wellingtons dropped their bombs on the Cag liari railway station and barracks starting fires visible for miles said ai Siclly Thursday night destroying a number of buildings Flying fortresses had lilt Palermo by day light Wednesday The record air offensive from Britain had dwindled to small scale thrusts across the channel with the bomber forces inactive apparently because of the weather American thunderbolt fixhters destroyed four German fighters in a sweep over Ihe continent Thursday and spil fires downed four more Almost daily thrusts and coun terthrusis on the Russianfront for more than a month appeared to have produced an explosive situ ation The Germans and Russians long have agreed that the armies were ready for action The consensus of military com mentators was that the war in the east was waiting for the situalion in the west to resolve itself The red army has harried the Germans repeatedly with attacks which never developed such as tlie latest reported seizure of a strategic height northwest of Moscow which the Russians said they had held for six days against 23 Ger man counterattacks Nazi fear of tifMing two full scale wars aground was im plicit in the Berlin report that he Russians might strike in the east simultaneously with an al lied onslaught in the west Axis radios continued Itieii speculation that a new blow against the European defenses might fall Saturday lhex day before Ameri can Independence day The broad costs linked with such feeler spec ulation a report that American troops were being transferred from northern Ireland to south England The Germans were reported to have taken new defense precau tions in Norway and Holland while across the continent the British battleship Nelson arid four destroyers were said to have fol k lowed a series of invasion con s voys out of Gibraltar r lt Large Contingents Convoyed to Britain LONDON Large contin gents of American and Canadian troops have been convoyed to Britain during the past two months without loss a reliable source said Friday The exact number of the reinforcements ficial British military said their strength exceeded the highest hopes DIED IN FIRE BLAKESBURG Funeral services were held Friday for James Russell Tubaugh 6 son of i Mr and Mrs Russell Tubaugh fatally burned in a gasoline fire Ration Points on Beef Cuts Are Increased See Tables Pares 5 7 WASHINGTON yP The of fice of price administration pre dicting a new low in beef sup plies available for civilians in July Friday increased ration values of beef cuts by another point a pound and in a few cases 2 points The new point values for beef which place the ration cost of the most popular cuts at from 9 to 13 points become effective July 4 Unless the supply situation should warrant changes in the meantime the new point values will remain in effect until Aug 1 Officials said the revised values were based oil the pres ent bad meat supply situa tion with no allowance for im provement or deterioration Any appreciable change in the supply might necessitate changes before the end of the month In addition to higher point values for beef OPA also raised red coupon costs of some cuts veal lamb and mutton from 1 to 2 points a pound These cuts in clude leg of veal veal cutlets veal loin and rib chops and similar lambmutton cuts Point values of the most popular pork cuts were not changed Canned fish items with the ex ception of oysters were increased from 8 to 12 points Oysters went up from 3 to 5 points reductions were con fined for the most part to the fats oils and dairy products groups Margarine and lard dropped 1 to process butter sold mainly in toe Mnth appeared on the table for the firs time at 4 points a pound Regular batter remains unchanged at 8 points Cheddar cheese retains a value of 8 points a pound but lower values were established for group 2 and3 cheeses Group 2 which includes cream neufchatel and creamed cottage cheese contain ing more than 5 per cent butter fat now are listed at 2 poinls a pound and group 3 made up of Swiss brick minister and all other rationed cheese 5 points In each group there is a decrease of 1 point CHANGES IN PROCESSED FOODS ALSO ANNOUNCED OPA also announce d 17 changes in point values of pro cessed foods 12 upward and 5 downward Point value advances were made in seven vegetable items and five canned bottled fruits These increases range from about a percent for vacuumpacked whole kernel corn to over 50 per cent for toitwito cutsup and chili sauce Processed foods marked up include apples apricots fruit cocktail peaches pears fresh lima beans canned corn peas to matoes catsup chilli sauce anrl tomato paste reductions were made in fresh shelled beans green or wax beans tomato pulp or puree and some tomato sauces The new blue coupon costs become effective July 4 and will remain valid through July Pork point values were not increased OPA said because supplies of pork available dur ing July are expected to be sub stantially larger than beef By keeping pork point costs rela tively cheap in comparison with beef OPA hopes to whet the American appetite for pork In line with oeei increases on the general list OPA advanced point values for all kosher cuts except variety meats Here are some of the new point values for preferred beef cuts all up one point Porterhouse Tbone club and sirloin steaks 12 points boneless sirloin round and flank steaks 13 points Beef roasts for the most part went up 1 point but some ad vances were 2 points Beef stews and numerous other cuts aUo went up I point Lambmutton advances in cluded Loin chops JO points up leg chops and steaks 8 points up 1 leg roasts and sirloin roast bone in 7 points up 1 Only meats to slioxv a reduction were three pork backs and clear plate jowls and regular plates down 1 point a pound 1MI GRANT FOR RESEARCH NEW YORK OCon nor president of the National Foundation of Infantile Paralysis Thursday announced a grant of to the State University of Iowa for research and educational promotion on the treatment of in fantile paralysis BITTERLY HITS CONGRESS FOR INFLATION ACT Declares Commodity Credit Corporation Would Be Hamstrung WASHINGTON it to be an inllation bill which would set the soldier worker and unorganized consumer at war with the C a r m e r President Roosevelt vetoed Friday a bill which would extend the life of the commodity credit corporation and also junk the administrations plan to whittle down food prices by subsidizing processors In one of the most acid mes sages he ever transmitted to congress Hit chief executive said that the measure was not one to continue the CCC but to hamstring it It places new and unwar ranted restrictions on the use its funds he asserted and on the powers heretofore given to the administration to stabilize the cost of living These restrictions would prevent our giving to farmers the assistance they need in carrying out our new food pro duction programs They would make it impossible for us to stop the rising cost of living As the measure now stands this is an inflation bill a high cost of living bill a food shortage bill he said in his veto message to congress In his lengthy and critical message 3Ir Roosevelt said that he had tried to translate a part of the bill into common sense English and frankly did iwt know what it meant He reputable lawyers bald that one section nullified other No matter how this measure is interpreted the president said it will have a devastating effect upon our economy and outwar effort about which I believe the congress and the American people ought clearly to be warned He put his warning into three parts bill blacks out the pro gram to reduce the cost of liv ing It completely outlaws the recent reductions in lic price of meat and butter which we insti tuted in order to help get the cost of living back down from the height to which it has risen in re cent months By this measure the congress will compel every housewife to pay five cents a pound more for every piece of butter that goes on her table and to pay higher prices for every pork chop every ounce of beef every slice of ham or bacon which goes to feed her family 2 This measure will make it virtually impossible to insti tute any additional measures to reduce the cost of living or even to hold the line 3 The bill denies to tile execu tive any power to purchase farm products for resale at a loss or to make incentive payments to obtain increased production of foodstuffs without the approval of the confess I do not believe that the congress has had an op portunity to know or to consider how seriously it may cripple our entire food program Mr Roosevelt contended that the legislation would virtually nul lify the economic stabilization act of last October since he said the cost of living cannot be stabilized effectively by the government if the cost of necessary foods cannot be stabilized By this bill he said congress would put new shackles on those whose duty it is to fight inflation and the fight cannot be won that way he added Returning the bill to a ton irress which was discussing Ihe possibility of overriding his veto the president said the measure would become Taw only over his strenuous objection and pro test Unless congress leaves with the executive branch the govern ment the means of seeing that ad ditional increases in producers prices do not boost the cost of liv ing Mr Roosevelt asserted the executive branch cannot accept responsibility for holding the wage line or for stopping the inflation ary spiral He said his hands must be lett reasonably free to hold it In an appeal for greater har mony the chief executive said that congress and the executive must work together as a team in sav ing our free economy He expressed a hope that if the legislators could not agree before a summer recess on legislation
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