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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - June 30, 1943, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME OF HISTORY AKD ARCHIVES INtS IA H r THE NEWSPAPER THAT HOME EDITION MAKES ALL NORTH tOWANS NEIGHBORS MASQN CITY FI J JUrVd OU THIS PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE 226 YANKS LAND NEAR MUNDA Churchill Big Mediterranean Battles Probable Before Fall NAZI SUB TOLL IN MAY TOPPED 40 IN ATI ANTI Reports Italians Have Only to Be Subjected to Preliminary Bombings LONDON rime Minister Churchill declared Wednesday that it is very probable there will be heavy fighting in the Medi terranean and elsewhere before the leaves of autumn full Speaking at Londons Guildhall he disclosed that more than 40 Uboats had been certainly de stroyed during May and that the massacre was continuing with June the best month we have ever known in the war lie said that shipbuilding in Ihe United States and Canada had reached a stage where the output of new ships is some where between seven and 10 times as much as our losses from enemy action in June The prime minister said that since middle May scarcely a single merchant ship had been sunk in the whole ot the north At lantic The Germans Churchill de clared made extreme exertions in May to halt convoys from the United States to Britain out long lines ol Uboats but tney were met by allied sea forces and the fighting ended ir the total defeat of the Uboat attack Referring to the coming attack in the Mediterranean he said that so far as the Italians are con cerned they have only been sub jected to the preliminary and dis cursive bombardments but they are already speculating where the blow will fall isno part of our interest to relieve that anxiety Churchill expressed the opin ion that axis worry over allied plans may have led to Ihe re markable lout delay of opening the promised German offensive against Russia He said he also did not propose to relieve that worry The prime minister speaking in the historic hall where he was honored with the freedom of the city of London as the climax to a colorful parade through crowded streets reitcrated We arid the united nations de mand from the nazis and fascists and Japanese tyrants uncondt tjonal By that we mean that theiiwill power to resist must be completely broken and that they must yield themselves absolutely to our jus tice and He declared it also means hat we must take all those far sighted measures which are neces sary to prevent the world from again becoming convulsed wrecked and blackened fay their Eden Calls on Duce to Give Up as Axis Broadcasts Italy Near Zero Hour of Invasion By ROGER GBEEXE Associated Press War Editor Usli Foreign Secretary Anthonv Eden called uuon to in the intent troops sion Churchill declared that upon the association and intimate align ment policy of the Unilcd Slates and Britain depends more than upon any other factor the immedi ate future of the world Referring to the close associa tion of the countries he said that he great power of lhe United States aroused 110 fear and its preeminence excites no Jealousy in British bosoms f Never was there such a case biter bitten as in the boom erang of the aerial war upon the axis powers who began it Churchill said and presently the weight of the Russian air at tack now mainly absorbed by their long front line will con tribute to an additional quota to the total blitz The powerful and Rrowing V S air forcehas by precision daylieht bombing inflicted 2 Stave injury upon the roost Mnstive nerve center of the enemys war production and American crews and pilots arc continually performine feats of arms of highest skill dauntless audacity and devo tion he Speaking of the Mediterranean Churchill cautioned that great war operations particularly am phibious war are dominated by he risks and turns of the future require long months of prepara lon and any mood of overcon fidence should be severely re pressed calculated blows aggression and ferocious Standing in the glow of flicker ing arc lamps and in the center of a panoply of gold blue and black robes Churchill told his cheerins listeners that the battle of the Ruhr soon would be spreadin over all Germany As Ihe nights become longer and the United States air force becomes more numerous our strong arms will lengthen both by night and by day and there is industry or military in Germany thai will not re ceive as Me deem necessary Ihe application of the exler minalinr force I have never indulged in shal low fugitive optimism but I have thought it right to make this state ment because I am sure it will not lead to the slightest complacency or relaxation of that awful force which now is being brought into action This force will be remorseless y aPpi9l guilty nations and their wicked leaders who imagined their superiority of air power would enable them to ter rorize and subjugate first all Eu rope and afterwards the world In a fighting speech the lenalli and vigor of which surprised most everyone on such a format occa W no further today than were reported feverishly rushing preparations to combat an expected allied grand assault w Tass the official soviet news agency said Italy had ordered the mobilization of every able bodied resident of Sicily because of the inevitability of allied invasion Prlsate telephone and tele graph communications were said to have been cut between the Italian mainland and Sicily and Sardinia In London Eden told the house of commons I think it would be in the in terests of humanity if Sismor Mussolini was to realize that the best thing he can do for his coun try is to accept the unconditional surrender terms offered him Eden also declared that Britain had made no approach to Italy on the question Jo f bombingSome and did not intend to do soAskctf if the responsibility should not be placed on Mussolini for not proclaiming Rome an open un defended city to prevent possible bomb damage to ancient monu ments in the Eternal city Eden replied I think the responsibility is clear enough Xo one invited Signer Mussolini to attack France and no one invited him to send his bombers to bomb London The house cheered Meanwhile fresh ruins were eft smouldering in southern Italy in the wake of tin attack by RAF 10 AMBULANCES TO BE GIVEN TO ARMYBYOES Ceremony to Be Held at Charles City With High Officials Present CHARLES United States army will come into pos session of 10 regularly equipped ambulances in a ceremony in Cen tral park here at 2 oclock Sunday afternoon July 4 The donor of the fleet of am bulances will be the Order of Eastern Stars in Iowa and the presentation will be made by Pearl May Fluesrel of Charles City worthy Brand matron of that organization Col B HaJIayai of the Iowa selective service setup will receive liie ambulances as chair man of the Eastern Slar war serv ice fund for Iowa and the nation Colonel HoJhigan in turn will turn them over to Col T E Har post surgeon general at Fort Des Moines The ambulances will line the street in the vicinity of k ambulance will carrya plaquemade in theshape MANY DINERS Wallace and Jones Meet With Byrnes to Discuss Quarrel Some Progress Made m Dissolving Inter Govemmental Clashes STILL IDLE More Pits Close in Pennsylvania Alabama to say probably there111 tne wakc of an attack by RAF will be heavy fighting in the ieavv bombers on the mainland Mediterranean and elsewhere heteny terminus at Reggio Cala til till Mediterranean and elsewhere be fore the leaves of autumn fall For the rest we must leave the unhappy Italians and their Ger man tempters and taskmasters anxieties which will grow from V week and from month to month With thousands of admirers m rturiurers who seldom get a chance to cheer nim in person lining the streets UiurctuIl was driven from the Cily OC London lo the guildhall in one of the lord mayors horsedrawn Opcn car riages Hc uis accompanied by Churchill and their daughters Sarah and Mary both in military uniform A group of American soldiers mapped to attention as the cur nage passed On arrival at the Reggio Cala bria across the narrow strait of Messina from bomblorn Sicily Allied headquarters announced that nightflying RAF Wellingtons also blasted ot Messina hitting the ferry terminal and marshalling yards In northern Europe a big force of U S flying fortresses carried the Britainbased aerial offensive against the continent into its Utli successive clay Tuesday night with a raid on Le Mans France 130 miles southwest of Paris It was the fourth Ameri can thrust in five Aays Lo Mans pop 80000 is the luv us walls still blackened from tile nazi tire raid of December Lhurchill inspected the guard of honor and then went inside to re ceive the tumultuous welcome of guests already assembled A bi cheer also was given Field mar shal Sir Archibald P Wavell newly appointed viceroy of India The freedom of the city was represented by a plaque encased in a casket made from English oak salyagcd from a burned portion of the roof of the guildhall i Churchill received the honor from Sir Samuel Joseph tlic lord A clerk reading the order di recting the Presentation the ancient formula declaring that Churchill did not desire the free dom of the city so that he might defraud the king Rickenbacker Leaves for Red Front Visit MOSCOW WjCapt Edward V Rickenbacker who arrived nere June 20 on a mission for Secretary of War Henry L Stim left Wednesday for a short it to the Russian front He ex pected to return to Moscow before departing homeward site of chemical industries and large airplane engine works Escorlcd by heavily runned Jieiv American thunderbolt fighters the fortresses shot flown a number of enemy air craft and relumed to base with out loss While Britain had another raid free night marking five straight days without a craft having single enemy air bccn spotted over Buy War Savings tamps frtvnt carrier Bonds and UVUl the United Kingdom RAF fight erbombers tore into a convoy of six enemy vessels off Dunkcrquc and damaged three of them The RAFs giant blockbusier fleets apparently stayed at home after Monday nights double barreled smash at Cologne and Hambvirg Emphasizing the magnitude of the bomb war against Germany Capt Sir Harold H Balfour un dersecretary of state for air told parliament that the RAF was now showering explosives on the rcich at three times tlie 1942 rale In the threemonth period ending June 26 he said the RAF dropped tons of bombs on Germany compared with 12000 tons in the corresponding period a year ago HKh the Germans nervously forecasting July 3 as for allied invasion inside Europe heard that Field Marshal Erwin Rommel had massed troops in he KBOTK river valley lo guard Frances Mediterranean shores and that nazi motorized forces Wtre takingup positions alonjr the in e slate of Iowa and bearing these words From the Grand Chapter Order of Eastern Stars ot lown Orders have been placed for four mobile canteen units but de livery of these will not be made until a later date according to Colonel Hallagan Associates of Colonel Ilalla ffan on the O E S war service fund committee be present at Sundays rites in clude Mrs John Hammill of Britt Sirs Earl May of Shenan doah and Charles Bowman of loiva City y Stale officials planning to be present include Henry Burma of Allison speaker of the house of representatives and Floyd Phil brick of Cedar Rapids assistant attorney general Details of the program in con nection with the turning over of the ambulances had not been com pleted Wednesday The event however is expected to draw a large Fourth of July crowd to Charles City Buy War Savings Bonds and btamps from your GlobeGazette carrier hojr Weather Report FORECAST beginning Thursday with rising tcinpcra CITY Continued cool Wednesday afternoon and niaht Showers forenoon tuve IOWA Slowly rising temperature Wednesday night and Thursday forenoon Showers west portion late Wednesday night am Thursday morning MINNESOTA Rising tcmpcralurc Wednesday night and Thursday forenoon scattered light show ers southwest and extreme west portions IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather Maximum Tuesday Minimum Tuesclav night At 3 a m Wednesday By UNITED PRESS Revolt against a bacbtowork movement spread through central Pennsylvania and Alabama Wednesday although the ranks of striking miners diminished in the other bituminous fields of lhe na tion Two more mines were closed in central Pennsylvania center of the revolt against John L or ders to end the strike while three operations were shut down in Alubumc i Some 25500 miners were on strike in central Pennsylvania more than half the number cm ployed in that area Approximate ly 12000 others were away from their jobs in the vest of the Penn sylvania bituminous field About half of the states 80000 anthracite workers still were n strike but many of them were voting backtowork proposals LESS than 40110 miners were be lieved working in Alabama where tlic Republic Steel corporation has been forced to suspend production of coke in 59 ovens of its Gadsdcn plant because of a fuel shortage The number or strikers rose to approximately 13000 when work ers in the last three mines of the Tennessee Coal Iron and Railroad company Birmingham joined Ihc walkout Operations in oilier bituminous states particularly West Virginia largest coal producing state were reported nearing capacity with virtually all miners back at work Toughest Part of War Still to Come Elmer Davis Warns W A S H I N G T O N IV The loughcst of this war is still o come and casualties will be heavier than yet experienced warns Elmer Davis chief of the office of war information Davis told the National Womens Press club in a speech Tuesday night that the kaisers Germany did not cave in until it had been pounded longer and more heavily and at a greater cost of casualties thai we have yet had m this war7 Last Day for Payment of Auto Use Tax DES MOINES was the deadline for payment of lhe federal use tax for automobiles and trucks Vehicles must bear the uscstickcr beginning Thursday Maximum 70 Minimum 53 Buy War Savings Bond and Stamps from yonr GlobeGazette carrier boy Renew License Now or Else Did you ever lake the drivers license examination wen if you dont renew your license by Saturday niijv wj iaenuiu niglit you in Qoi T or stop driving your car according Mason CHy Knegcr of lhe Iowa stale highway patrol office in for applications he meeting at Des Moines The lu 01 in declared upon his return here from deadline is July 3 according to law Citythe Saturday noon the hour at which Tim ProsPccts are or a busy three days Sheriff since only an estimated 13000 of the 33000 the county have applied to date oouuv Ine old drivers license must be in when makinn np TaUachedbCCar ai is attached to the old license in lieu of issuance of a new tine The Cerro Gordo county applications are handled in the sherif office in the basement of the courthouse L WASHINGTON F Byrnes the man assigned to unify the home front called together Wednesday Vice President Wal lace and Secretary of Commerce Jones to discuss their vigorous quarrel over stockpiling ivar nia terijils The chief of the office of war mobilization suicl he usked tlic two principals to come to his white house office at 3 p m central war time to talk over their case Byrnes told a press conference that he had made some progress in dissolving a number of intergov ernmental differences but thnl he knew that as long as men with strong conviction are in the de paitmenls there will be differences of opinion Wallace charged Tuesday that Jones and the Reconstruction Fi nance corporation had hampered the work of lhe board of economic warfare of which the vice presi dent is chairman and spoke of hamstringing and bureaucratic operations He accused the com merce secretary of failing to build up stockpiles of vital war goods Jones replied thai Wallaces statement wis full of malice and misstnteineiils Although he is assigned to help smooth out differences arising in the executive branch af the gov ernment Byrnes said he had not seen Wallaces statement in ad vance or known ahead of time it would be issued HOUSE DEFEATS SUBSIDY PLAN Action Is Taken on Reconditioned Bill WASHINGTON Mj Demon slrating anew congressional dis satisfaction with wartime opera tions on the home front the house voted overwhelmingly again Wednesday to outlaw gov ernment subsidy payments far rollbacks of retail food prices The standing vote was 160 to 32 The senate rcidy to act next on the housesenate confer ence committees reconditioned bill to extent Hie commodity credit corporations life embrac ing the bah on subsidyrollback payments and that bodys appro val would send thelegislation lo President Roosevelts desk The source close lo the admin istration said President Roosevelt couicl not help vetoing the com modity credit measure if congress sends it to him with the subsidy ban included Tliis authority de clining use of his named bused his opinion on the iirm stnntl the chief executive has ttken for sub sidies as a part of his hoktthe line program against inflation House after the flared that its wage stabilization program calls for a prompt car action came shortly war labor board de Buy War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy vying forward of the announced policies of the administration af I fccting the cost of food Subsidy payments from the basis of the governments program o hold prices down PARATROOPERS ARMED FOR ACTIONThe call of Lt L if general of the army soldiera with basic to ioin the hasbteer answered by many young men with topnotch are anxious to land a ham mer blojv on where it will hurt him most Here for ffSCT f stePso Paratroop team prepared T are made up entirely of volunteers icceivfe aO a month over the pay of enlisted men SWARM ASHORE WITH CENTRAL SOLOMON DRIVE Assault Appears Be New Phase of Drive Against Jap Petitions WASHINGTON AP The tiavy announced Wednes day that combined American forces have landed on Ren dova island in the central Solomons iu what appeared to be the first stage of a new offensive operation against Japanese positions in the south Pacific The navy communique No 428 said South Pacific Alt dates are east longitude 1 On June 30 during the early morning United States forces landed on Hendova island New Gcoigia group No details have been received The Japanese have had in stallations on the island aitd presumably the landing either was opposed or if accomplished by surprise developed into fishtiiigr shortly afterward The strategic intent oC the American move except for its generally of tensive nature in ad vancing American positions in Hie Solomons 110 miles north west of the outpost in theRus sell islands was not luily appar ent Hendovas most olwiftmF tary characteristic is only about five miles southof Munda where the Japanese late last year developed an air base However atthe time the base was ncaring completion it was brought under heavy American bombardment and has been regu larly assaulted from the air since then so that navy spokesmen have recently reported it was virtually useless to the enemy The American aim could be to take Munda for further allied op erations against eilhar Bougain ville lhe main enemyheld island m the northwestern Solomons or against Habaul which lies still furtherto Ihc west Still another possibility is that the high command move asatnsi Rendova may have been of a screening or diversionary nature lo obscure more important thrusts elsewhere Still another possibility is that the high command might be test ing the extent ot Japanese will to resist in the Solomons area The Japanese fought furiously and lost heavily in theirefforts to re cup lure Guadalcanal Any American advance which forced I hem tp undertake similar defen sive arid cosily would be profitable from the American point of view This is the second advance in the Solomons chain since Ameri can troops wen into Guadalcanal last Aus 7 About the time the conquest Guadalcanal in the southeastern Solomons was com pleted on Feb 9 of this year American forces occupied out opposition the Russell islands lying miles northwest ol Guadalcanal airfield The third move into island carries the fc American slrciicth in the Pacific into the zone af nesc domination andlit iu cjl miles northwest of the vioiis position in the i The last previous American ad vanceagainst Japan was begun on May 11 when United States forces moved into Attu islw at the western tip of the Aleutians chain in the north Pa cific Attu was mopped up in three weeks of constant fightinc under conditions of terrible cold snow and Prior to the Attu campaign tlie navy had an nounced lhe occupation of Funa futi in the Ellicc islands in the sfiuth central Pacific Rendova has figured only once before in navy communiques Lost March a war bulletin reoorM that on March 27 American pUoei had bombed and strafed JapanM positions at Ugali on the coast of Rendova destroyiniTJS building and setting another This was the only public inform mation available here to til The fact that Ihe made in early
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