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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - June 25, 1943, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME OF HISTORY AND ARCHIVES DCS 7 KOINES IA THE NCWSPAFEK THAT MAKCS AU NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS MASON CITY IOWA FRIDAY JUNE 25 1943 HOME EDITION inrnn THIS PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 222 F R VETOES ANTISTRIKE MEASURE SENATE VOTES TO OVERRIDE ROOSEVELT ACT Thinks Bill Would Be Cause of Strikes in Certain Cases WASHINGTON dent Roosevelt Friday vetoed the antistrike bill but the senate immediately voted to make the bill law despite his protests If the house also votes by a twothirds majority to override the veto the measure becomes law desnite Mr Roosevelts dis approval The senate vote was 56 in fa vor of overriding the veto and 25 in favor of sustaining the presidents objections WASHINGTON Roosevelt vetoed the Connally SmilhHarness antistrike bill The chief executive said in a message to the senate thai the measure had an entirely praise worthy purpose but that he was convinced it ivould in some cases produce strikes in vital war plants which otherwise would not occur Declaring he intended to use the powers of government to pre vent the interruption of war pro duction by strikes Mr Roosevelt formally recommended amend ment of the selective service act sothat persons between 45 and 65 Drears may be inducted into noncombat military service This will enable he said to induct into military service all persons who engage in strikes stoppages or jrtHeti1 interruptions of posses sion of the United States This direct approach is neces sary to insure the continuity of war work The only alternative would be to extend the principle of selective service and make it universal in character He said he would approve legislation which would truly strengthen the hands of the government in dealing with strikes harming the war effort and which would prevent defi ance of decisions of the war bor board The president struck heavily at a section the bill which would make it mandatory for the na tional labor relations board to take a secret strike ballot among employes in plants mines and other facilities 30 days after no tice an intention to strike This section he said will produce strikes in vital war plants which otherwise would not occur He said it ignores completely labors no strike pledge and pro vides in effect for strike notices and strike ballots These provi sions he contended would stim ulate labor unrest and give gov eminent sanction to strike agita tions The veto came as no surprise at the capitol since the chief executive had said in a state ment Tuesday he intended to ask congress to authorize the use of the selective service act as a club against strikes in war industries HisJ3oposal to use the draft in this mariner met with a cool re ception in bolh the senate and house and even before the veto message arrived there was talk of immediate attempts to over ride the presidents action and write the proposal into law In reply to a question as to whether he accepted the Oct 31 deadline proposed by the UMW when its policy committee ordered miners back to work under gov ernment management this week Mr Roosevelt said no without qualification He added that he was trying to mine coal and was going to keep on doing it There are some people he said who seem to forget that we are at war and that the life of the na tion is at slake If the coil is not mined he said might be cold next winter WLB Asks Miners and Operators Sign WASHINGTON war labor board WLB threw a bomb shell into the coal settlement Fri day by demanding that the union and the mine operators put an agreement on the dotted line This demand for signing of forma contract apparently was intended to demonstrate full rec ognition of the WLBs authority Witlwat hat reeocnilwn the have Utlte Large Pound Germans and Italians CRACK CHINESE Chinas back dooi along the Emma border the Jap rh if iT trenches on the centiaT sector of tW Sateen river froiir as a Chinese shell explodes in background inc for it set up only by cept what President Roosevelt would exercise for it John L Lewis and his united mine workers however reckon theyre working for the government not the operators Under the governments condi tions Lewis said the men would work until Oct 31 though the backtowork movement has been slow and production still is spotty Those same conditions as ex tended by the operators consti tuted a yellow dog contract in Lewis words This set ot facts raised a mighty question as to whether Lewis would put his signature to the same document that bears the names of the operators The WLB in a brief statement late Thursday said the labor dis pute had been determined finally when it directed the 521000 strikers to accept substantially the terms of the 194142 contract plus a few WLB concessions that added up to pay raises of about 20 cents a day Hence the board figured that a new contract on that basis should be signed This stand was announced after Interior Secretary Ickes frovernment operator of the mines had referred in summon ing owners to a conference Fri day to the controversy between the mine workers and the oper ators and expressing hope it would be settled speedily Immediately the WLB shot back that it had made the final de termination of the dispute and as far as it was concerned there wasnt any controversy Behind this attitude informed sources said was a decision of the board that Lewis should be chal lenged on his Oct 31 deadline and his stipulation that work would go forward only as long as the gov ernment runs the mines Equally secret but just as au thoritative was he report that the WLB may approach the while house in a day or War Mobilization Director James F support in its de mands that a contract be signed Held out as possible sanctions if the UMW refuses to were the possibilities of stepping checkoff of union dues or freez ing the unions treasury Meanwhile Secretary Ickes in dicated he believed it would be necessary for the government not only to continue but to enlarge on its operations ot the coal workings said the loss of coal produc F R Voices Opposition to Setting Up of Food Czar t tiomng of fuel Such allocation probably would be con rs w avc fined to the shortage areas lie deal more for food cairl ia t h ftf said rather than on a nationwide scale Declares Issue Is Whether Were for or Against Inflation WASHINGTON Roosevelt spoke out again Friday against the setting up of a so called food czar and said that the question at issue is whether we are for inflation or against it He told a press conference that congress could take the path toward inflation if it wanted to but that if it did the responsibility would rest 106 per cent on the legislators Suggestions that someone be given complete authority over all phases of the food program he characterized as closeto a red herring The real question he said is whether prices are to be kept down and whether we want to go into an inflationary spiral or not Suppose had the angel Ga briel ns a food czar the chief executive remarked How is he going to get more food to the people at the present cost Sure he went on we all favoi growjng more in 1944 That would be grand But he said it would nottake care ot late 1943 or early 1944 and that congress could not take care of that period or a food czar Some people on Capitol hill the president asserted think the easiest way to use up sur plus buying oower is I0 prices go sky high And speak in a sarcastic manner he said he had heard some one on the radio suggest the same thing This latter person Mr Roose velt said asserted the richer peo ple would be able to pay higher prices and the poor would suffer but that surplus buying power would be eliminated Mr Roosevelt agreed that thp poorer people certainly would silver under such conditions Describing what he meant by an inflationary spiral in response to a ouesiion the chief executive said that the cost of food is about a thirdof a familys income and with larger wsses everybodv is eating more now at greatly in creased prices People with the largest financial gams he said still have a surplus of them ively smal earners will havcto spend a great Then will tfemaml prahaMy H be which would mean production costs and costs io farmers would go up That would lead to re quests for higher wages he said and then cost to farmers would rise again and so on The president entered a deniai when asked about reports that Food Administrator Chester Davi had submitted his resignation be cause lie felt he has inadequate powers Mr Roosevelt said the last b had heard from Davis was rthen he asked the administration if the latter would like to run the offici of price administration and Davi replied God forbid It has been said he wants to control farm prices a reported said Is there any decision on that No the chief executive respond ed but suppose he did control them or a czar controlled them what would happen to the cost of food to consumers Would he keep the cost down to present levels 01 let the cost go higher Somcbodv lins to answer that question declared he Buy IVar Savings Bonds am Stamps from your GlobeGazclt carrier boy Think General Forrest May Be Prisoner LONDON para chutes were seen to open from the bomber in which Brig Gen Na than Bedford Forrest was riding as ail observer when it was shot down in an air battle over Kiel Germany on June 13 U S eighth air force headquarters announced The Americans lost 24 bombers over Kiel The 38 year old great grandson of the famous confeder ate leader of the same name was in the lead bomber and other fly ers saw his damaged plane drop out of a returning formation and iplral toward earth None saw the big plane hit the ground however and the head quarters announcement was the first evidence that at least some of the crew might have parachuted io earth The plane and its crew had been listed simply as miss Lt Robert C Cozens of En cinitas Cal pilot on a fortress flying directly behind Forrests plane said six German fighters concentrated on the generals craft at the German coast Despite a smoking engine how ever he flew on and led us over the bomb run Cozens said As we turned off the target the gen erals ship again was attacked I saw it slow down drop out of formation We pulled up and took over the leaders position Other flyers saw one German cannon shell tear a threetoot hole in the tail section of For rests plane The ers Jn thejaid and a supplementary attack on Bremen but the unescorted flying fort resses shot upwards of 100 Ger man fighter planes out of lion Forrest was the first American of his rank to become a combat casualty in the European the ater of operations The number of American generals and ad mirals listed as missing or killed in the war around the worldwas raised to 15 by his failure to re turn Maj F J Donahue of Wash ington p C who served under Forrest in the last year said For rest had told him I dont like to give orders until Ive had an opportunity to find out for my self what its like over there SEIZE CORN IN 96 ELEVATORS IN Stocks Requisitioned to Provide Supplies for Processing Plants WASHINGTON war food administration WFA an nounced Friday it is requisition ing stocks of corn iu 96 midwest crn terminal elevators in a move to procure supplies for processors making corn food feed and in dustrial products essential to the war effort Supplies obtained under the requisitioning order will be al located among processors under a plan yet to be announced The elevators on which requi sitions are being servud are lo cated at Manitpwoxv Wis two elevators Sioux City Iowa four Peoria III three Burlington Iowa one St Joseph Mo six DCS Moines two Indianapolis three Louisville two St Louis 10 Omaha and Council Bluffs 14 Chicago 20 Minneapolis eight Decatur 111 three Kansas City Mo and Kans 14 Superior Duluth four Corn in these elevators is being requisitioned regardless of previ ous contracts WFA said Fridays action follows the closing down of some processing plants due to inability to pur chase corn at current government ceiling prices because owners have been reluctant to sell at Russia and Germany Hint Major Operations Brewing on East Front By United Press Russia and Germany continued Friday their persistent talk of ma jor operations brewing on the eastern front but no definite signs of big scale campaigning bad ap peared Berlin claimed that the red army hal penetrated the German lines in the area of Vclikie Luki 240 miles northwest of Moscow but counter attacks had restored the situation The Russians cnvA no confir mation of the report MINERS RECEIVE VACATION PAY Workers at the Pittsburgh Coal companys Sclav mine at Imperial Pa look over their pay statements which include in vaca tion pay i papers are be ing served officials said by U S marshals and in some cases by military officials where marshals are not available CORN FUTURES TRADING HALTED IN CHICAGO CHICAGO Iff Directors ot the Chicago board ot trade Fri day ordered settlement of all outstanding contracts in corn and prohibited trading in corn fu tures until further notice The action was taken at the request ot the war food administration Settlement prices will be at of fice of price administration ceil ings or S105 a bushel for July and September deliveries and SlOl a bushel for the December delivery Contracts outstanding at the close Thursday totaled 15 bushels Draft Law Violations 62 Per Cent Under Those of World War I NEW YORK law violations so far during the war says E E Convoy chief of the New York FBI office show n f2 per cent drop as compared with World war 1 figures Conroy told ibc tiuirtcrly con ference of metropolitan police officials that up to June 15 this year I7IU42 delinquencies had been reported to the FBI as com pared with 474861 violations during the last war He credited the reduction delinquencies to more efficien enforcement methods and more drastic penalties for violations in Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Continued war and humid Friday afternoon Friday night and Saturday fore noon High Friday afternoon ex peeled in mid SOs Scattered thundcrehowcrs at or near city Friday afternoon and evening IOWA Continued hot and humid Friday afternoon through Saturday forenoon W i d e 1 y scattered thunderstorms Friday afternoon and evening Yanks Attack Salonika for First Time ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN NORTH AFRICA S ninth air force liberators struck for the st time Thursday at the his toric Greek port of Salonika from middle east bases while about 300 American bombers and fighters of the northwest Afri can command battered communi ilions of Sardinia 700 miles to the west it was announced Fri day Cairo communiques said more than 50 liberators attacking in two waves with more than 250 000 pounds of high explosives scored direct hils on three hangars at the axisoccupied Sedes airdcome of Salonika leavingall of them in flames Pilots saw explosives burst a minis administration buildings and oil the field and dispersal areas At least three enemy aircraft were destroyed on the ground and 3il tires were started one middle east bulletin said None of our aircraft is missing from these and other operations The attack upon Salonika n possible objective of any Balkan invasion involved a round trip of more than 1000 miles across the Mediterranean Enemy air fields docks ship ping and an important railway junction of Sardinia were ham mered by U S squadronsot Lt Gen Carl A Spaatr air forces after RAF Wellingtons attacked Catania in Sicily the preceding night These raiders shot down 20 of the many enemy fishters encountered and an RAF beau ffchter bagged another to make the score 21 The allies lost nine planes Malta air squadrons also were active A Valetta communique an nounced that RAF planes attacked industrial installations at Poz zallo Sicily Thursday and similnr targets at Augusta Sicily Thurs day night Spitfires were credited with de stroying a Messcrsclunitl 210 off the Italian island B25 Mitchells led the Ameri can onslaught against Sardinia hittingtwo supply ships at Gol fo Aranci northeastern port and severely damaging the locks Another formation of Mitchells blasted the Vinafinrila air field also in the northwest part of the island B26 mauraudcrs made a suc cessful attack on the railway junction at Chilivani in north central Sardinia and P40 war hawks swept over the southern portion of the island and left two small ships afire Warhawks also destroyer a number of grounded aircraft at the Capntcrra air field and at tacked the mil junction at La Macldclcna near Cashari The Wellington raid Wednesday Jht was directed primarily against the railway yards and in dustrial areas of Catania where several fires were started Thirteen enemy planes were shot down in a spectacular running battle by the lightning fighters which escorted the marauders to Chilivani First Lt Gilbert E Butler of Roanokc Va was credited with destroying two attacking Messer schmitls while his lightning was flying with only one engine and one rudder day IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Thursday so Minimum Thursday night 66 At 8 a m Friday 70 Rain lracc YEAR AGO Maximum 75 Minimum Precipitation l 49 U S BOMBERS MAKE ATTACKS 18 ARE MISSING 33 RAF Craft Fail to Return From Heavy Raid on Wuppertal LONDON iP U S heavy jombers smashed at northwest CJcrmany Friday iis the great al lied aerial offensive reached a 24 liour crescendo of violence with attacks on the German Ruhr Sar dinia Sicily and the mainland nuziaccupied Greece New Guinea Jungle Fighter Worried by L A Traffic Violation LOS ANGELES Vic tor B Hunt can go into battle with a clear conscience Judge Ben Rosenthal cleared his name by marking case dis id charge Hunt incurred on the eve of his departure for army duty Out in the jungles of New Guinea waiting lor the biltlc to begin Hunt became troubled about skipping his court appearance He wrote Judge Rosenthal asking to clear up all the unfinished busi The judge dismissed the case replying by VMail for Hunt to clear up all unfinished busi ness over there and come on home MINNESOTA Scattered thunder on a traffic violation showers Friday afternoon ar Friday night slightly warmer extreme north portion Fridr night otherwise little change temperature Friday night and Saturday forenoon Buy War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy Headquarters in London said a large force of the big Ameri can aircraft flying without fishtcr escort attacked the rcicli despite adverse weather conditions Eighteen of the bombers failed to return but a communique said many enemy planes were destroyed The communique did not dis close the precise targets attacked The American blow followed jy a few hours a shattering at lack Thursday night by RAF heavyweights on Wuppertal and other targets in the German Huhr from which 33 bombers failed to return Minelaying was included in KAF operations Thursday night The attack was concentrated on the industrial area of Elbcrfeld the western section of Wuppertal the air ministry said The attack was nearlyas heavy as that recently made onBarmen the of Wuppertal and from preliminary reports great damage appears to have been done n communique declared Heavy defense activity was re ported by the flyers who returned from the area which Hitler has packed with antiaircraft guns searchlight batteries aticf fighter planes in an effort to stave off the battering being given his heavy industries hi the region The German communique said losses among the populations of the towns attacked arc heavy The communique broadcast by Berlin and recorded by the Associated Press said several towns were hit in particular WuppcrlalEnierfeld and Rem schcid Kemschcid near Hup pcrtal is a center of the German tnnl industry imi has important railway repair shops The Barmen iron of Wuppertal ot a heavy saturation attack May 29 when 1500 tons or more of bombs were laid on thesprawling industrial area which occupies both sides of the Wupper river Wuppertal was formed in 1929 by an amalgamation the towns of Elberfeld and Barmen and had a population of more than 400000 Chief targets at Elberfeld are the t G Farbenindustrio Chemi cal works the Jaeger plants that turn out roller bearings and a number of textile factories In the Muy 2 attack the RAF also lost 33 bombers but was be lieved virtually to have wiped out the Barmen section Thursday nights raid ac votnplishccl on u moonless marked the fifth consecutive iiiBht the KAF has struck cither Germany or Italy with the most paralyzinc blows fallinc on the vital fthur area It was the sixth night of a pow erful offensive which began with the assault on the Schneider mu nitions works at Lc Crcusot 170 miles southeast of Paris last Sat urday night The offensive lias included the first great daylight assault by United States bombers on the Huhr an assault which set ablaze the important German synthetic rubber plant at Ffulls It was pointed up by the spec tacular roundtrip RAF bombing raid between bases in England and north Africa In Ihc six day period 135 allied bombers had been lost if The air ministry said that German planes dropped bombs harmlessly during the nijrht in one place on the southwest coast of England The German radio declared thai allied planes were lost in daylight attacks on Germanoc cupied territory Thursday KAF fighters prowling over western Europe during the night harassed enemy air bases arid shot down at least one German plane over au airdrome in the Netherlands The night raids followed a day of intense allied aerial activity ini
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