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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - June 21, 1943, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME or AND ocs MOties i THE NEWSPAKR THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION mrm VOL XLIX ASSOCIATED JOtD POTTO P nvx UMIS A con rou LXASCP wovs MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY JUNE 21 1943 TBS CONSOTS OT TWO CCCHOK OM NO 218 STRIKE AGAIN HALTS GOAL OUTPUT WS WILLING TO GO TO WORK FOR US ITSELF Lewis and UnionisU invoke No Contract No Work Policy Again WASHINGTON The big coal mining cog of the natons war machine stalled again Monday and the 500000 miners who run it looked to the government lor their cue Rejecting what they termed an infamous yellow dog contract proposed by the war labor board John L Lewis and his United Mine workers invoked their no contract no work policy for the third time within months after negotiations with the operators collapsed By raidmornlhe there were no reports of any WMW mem bers working in disregard of that policy In either bituminous or anthracite pits In Illinois at least 1000 of that states 15000 AFL progressive mine workers were idle in a sym pathy stoppage that affected three of the states 130 mines with PMW contracts The door was held open for a speedy resumption of operations under the direct sponsorship of the government however and the next move appeared to be up to Interior Secretary Ickes who was placed in charge of the mines on Jlay 1 as federal fuels administra Ickesrepresented by his aides asfeeling that no precipitate ac Sunday night could tvave fended off the expiration of the latest work truce if Midnight made no immediate comment He canceled a projected trip to Co lumbus Ohio where he was to have attended the governors con ference opening there Monday however and stood by to receive union representatives The operators declared with the breaking off of negotiations SUK day that no possibility agree ment exists so long as the miners continue their insistence on S130 aday extra pay for underground travel time This figure had been 7 Killed and 200 Injured in Race Riots at Detroit RESPONSIBLE IN many respects for the success of the state meeting of the Veterans of Foreign Wars in Mason City was this group of officers workers and delegates snapped at the Green Mill Reading from left to right around the table they ave Lyle Walsh Mason City general committee Al K Carstens Mason City commander Leo Skyles Mason City general committee Mark Kinsey Kansas City national air cadet chairman Dr F M Minnich Pocahontas state commander Ensign NadinaHollklay Des Moines WAVES Max Singer Boston past national commnader in chief John E Edckson Min nesota department commander Max W Van Horn state adjutant and Howard Reiber Mason City convention chairman Lock photo Kayenay engraving Germans Claim Allies Assembling Invasion Fleet on Syria Coast By CARL C CKANMEK Associated Press War Editor German broadcasts declared Monday that an allied inva sion fleet was assembling in the eastern Mediterranean off the Syrian coast that landing craft were being moved into position in North Africa and that a large British and American naval force was concentrated at Gibraltar The unconfirmed axis reports of the massing of invasion forces in the Mediterranean theater coincided with an allied headquarters communique announcing new aerial thrusts by British and American armadas across Ihe narrow seas at air fields and ports of Sicily ant eyewitness reports via Stockholm that Ital ian morale already was broken by bombings and war reverses Short in Cood sleep and hope the Italians were declared ready and eager for peace and jamming the seven hills of Rome in a search for safety Reliable allied quarters in north Africa however denied rumors that Crown Prince Umberlo Marshal Pletro Badosrlio King Vittorio Emanuele or any other Italian emissary had arrived there to negotiate an unconditional sur render Big Bombers Hit German Radio Plant LONDON Lancaster bombers penetrated deep into southern Germany Sunday night to attack the Luftschinbau radio factory at Friedrichshafen and damaged all main buildings the air ministry announced Monday night Three bombers were lost The factory makes equipment and radio location is one of the whittled down from demand of 52 an original The mine workers policy com mittee in a 750 word statement assailing the war labor board which Lewis has charged with prejudice declared We assert the ivillincnrss of the niine workers to work and continue the production of coal for the government itself under the direction of the custodian of mines The executive officers of the united mine workers of America are hereby instructed to hold themselves in readiness to confer with the secretary of the interior It was the third stoppage in the recurring crisis as well as soft coal mines The work stoppages began in an orderly fashion with the Friday night shifts and approaximately 64000 miners had quit work be fore the whistles blew an empty summons Monday morning As Joe O Grady union local vice president at Ohios Willow Grove mine summed it up Were not on strike but were not going to work because we havent any contract The walkout brought what was described as an immediate crisis in the heavy industries of the Birmingham Ala area for one Blast furnaces in this district will be going down in 73 hours unless the mining of coal is re sumed said one source CarnegieIllinois corporation a Pittsburgh estimated the effect ot a general coal stoppage would be felt by its steel plants within 2 hours and that production woulc fall 75 per cent in a very few days Similar concern was ex pressed at other steel mills Ickes has been nominally in charge of the mines since the gov ernment took them over on May 1 but until Monday the opera tors have continued in actual con trol acting as agents of thegov ernment H A Gray deputy solid fuel administrator for war told thi house ways and means committee Monday that an interruption in coal production for even a lew weeks during the war would im peril the operations of counties railroads public utilities a n plants goods1 Tlosiifying in support of legis lation to extend the biluminou coal act Gray said failure to re new the act would serious ieopardiie the production of bi tuminous coal in sufficient quan tity program of the nation lowtfs Miners Remain at Home ALBfA than 3000 Iowa miners stayed at home M6n day as the united mine workers began their third strike in two months The Iowa shutdown began with opening of the midnight shift No statement was available at UMWs srate headquarters here Charles Montgomery president was in Washington D C in con ference with the miners commit tee on public policy Greweli of Marshalltown Is Named Iowa V PrW Chief Brothers Who Havent Met in Year Stay in Same Hotel Same Night KANSAS CITY Vinslow Beckwith West Newton lass wrote his mother during an vemight stop Pvt Walker Beckwith also en oute to a new assignment stayee night here He wrote his mother The letters revealed the two i others who havent seen each her for a year stayed in the ame hotel the same And they still havent met Minneapolis Womans eath Caused by Heat MINNEAPOLIS Minn The death of Mrs Olga Johnson Q year old widow was caused by icat Coroner Sussell Hcim ruled Monday Mrs Johnson who com plained of chills during Sundays searing temperatures was found unconscious in her room by her andlady The victim died enroute o Deaconness hospital BUT War Bonds and Stamps from four GlobeGazette carrier boy TheVeterans of Foreign Wars I of Iowa closed one of the most conventions in their history here Sunday with the election of Glen V Grewell Mar shalltown as commander Water 00 was awarded the 1944 conven on Clayton Murphy Council Bluffs was named senior vice comman der A S Buckner Cedar Rapids junior vice commander while AlexM Miller Des Moines was reelected quartermaster Everett Burnham Washington was chosen judge advocate and Elmer Zaegler Mason City chap lain Other officers elected were Dr T L Curran surgeon Max W Van Horn Des Moihes state ad jutant Lee Ted Long Smith Daw son chief of staff George Hage land Red Oak inspector F V Gradut Cedar Rapids historian C C Stookey Nevada patriotic instructor Charles Diehl Des Moines liaison officer Attendance at the convention exceeded all expectations At the banquet Saturday night veterans and auxiliary members were served Folio the din ner a program of addresses floor show and dance was held Chief spokesman at the conven tion was Max Singer Boston pas commander in chief who in his second address of the meeting Saturday night told his comrade that America must be vigilan both against the isolationists wh will again raise their heads afte the war and the present trend to ward regimentation Commander Singer got his loud est applause when he declarei that We are having regimenta tion now but we dont want tha after the war You must not le this regimentation continue aftc the war The trend toward socialization Messina the Sicilian end of the largest of its kind in Germany ferry route from the mainland was hit Saturday night by block busters dropped from British Wei ot Lt Gen Carl Spaatz northwest African air force an allied communique said and American Mitchells marauders and their lightning waVplane nests e said is inimical to the best in erests of the country We must he added get back o the constitution the greatest ocument ever written by the and of man Faithhe told bis listeners is the need of the hour It was faith tbat brought the soldiers of the Revolutionary war through It was the same type of faith that sustained those who fought in the Civil war he Spanish war the first World war and it is this faith that now motivates our boys on battle fronts all over the world America he said is the hope he world and the downtrodden nations are looking toward her or victory and for help after vic ory But we must not forget that charity begins at home he added We must not forget that our own people are making sacrifices to day Dr F M Minnich retiring commander presided at the ban quet introducing prominent of the convention which at Castelvetraho Borizzo and Milo Continuing to cut wide swaths in the formations of enemy Hffhters sent to break up these devastating assaults the allies scored a better than threeto victory knocking down IS enemy planes and losinc 5 of thtir own The Italians in their communi que bloadcast from Rome re ported even more widespread raids They reported Naples the big mainland air base of Ioggia Spinazzola in Bari province Adriatic side of the peninsula Heggio Calabria and San Giovanni on the toe ol the boot and Porto Empcdocle Licata anci Syracuse in Sicily were bombed The Ital ians asserted that 2B allied planes were shot down Nineteen per sons were listed as killed by the bombs The Italians who Sunday re ported heavy movement of allied sea traffic along the north Afri can coast said that their torpedo planes and submarines were con tinuing to stab at these shipping concentrations and asserted with out allied confirmation that one ship was sunk and two others hit The German radio said Ihe allied fleet assembling off the communique said Heavy lamage done Swiss dispatches earlier had laid the reverberation of bombs shook Swiss iiouses ciear across ake Constance The German adio had told alsool attacks in he northern part of the reich Great waves swept out in daylight Monday to resume their battering of the European continent A 90minute silence oC the Katundborg radio in Denmark suggested another raid on northern Germany The drum of motors was heard con tinuously for more than a half hour One ot the largest German cen ters around Lake Constance is Friedriclishafen center of great Zeppelin works airplane engines and submarine parts factories Der Bund of Bern reported that powerful detonations from bombs early Monday morning resounded acios the lake and that flames soon shot up and spread rapidly Curfew on Japs Along Ctiast Upheld WASHINGTON su preme court held constitutional Monday military regulations im posing a west coast curfexv on all persons ot Japanese ancestry and excluding them from specified areas Chief Justice Stone delivered the opinion on a challenge of the regulations by two Ameri canborn persons of Japanese ancestry who contended they were citizens of this country against whom the restrictions could not constitutionally be applied Stone asserted that in a case ot threatened danger requiring prompt action it is a choice be tween inflicting obviously need less hardship on the many or sitting passive and unresisting in he presence of the threat We think Stone added that constitutional government in time of war is not so powerless and does not compel so hard a choice if those charged with the respon sibility or our national defense have reasonable ground for be lieving that the threat is real The challenged orders Stone said were defense measures for the avowed purpose of safeguard ing the military area in Question at a time of threatened air raids and invasion by the Japanese for ces from the danger ot sabotage and espionage Those challenging the turns were Gordon Kiyoshi Hi rabayashiofSeattle and Minoru Yasui of Tortland Ore Hirabayashi a senior at the University of Washington at the time of his arrest was senten5Cd to three months imprisonment for violating the curfew regulation and for failing to report to an evacuation center Yasui a grad uate of the University of Oregon was sentenced to one years im prisonment and fined for violating the curfew regulation Approximately 70000 American citizens of Japanese ancesto were said to have been evacuated from their homes under the orders ui HIT Itniuii J included officers and personnel coast was prepanns to ih stem into the Aegean presum of the armed services women as welt as men The commander in cliief the retiring state commander and airs Bertha Woody retiring pres ident oT the auxiliaryX received gifts from the department Commander Erickson of the Minnesota department brought greetings from that organization PERKINS 62 DIES SANTA BARBARA Cal Charles Elliot Perkins 62 former president of the Chicago Burling ton and Quincy railroad died of pneumonia Saturday night He was a native of Burlington Iowa ably to attack the Italian Do decanese islands Crete or other objectives The Paris radio said 184 persons were killed in the RAFs raid on Le Creusot 170 miles southeast of pans where thousands ot French workers ttirn out armor plate heavy guns and locomotives from the 750acre Schneider plant The British lost three planes the air ministry said and the Paris radio declared half the population 15000 was left homeless The Germans were reported barely to have completed repairs following a previous daylight al tnck by the RAF last October American Crewmen to Wear Armor on Raids By IEO BRANHAM EIGHTH U S AIRFORCE HEADQUARTERS England Following exhaustive experimenls the eighth air force announced Monday that all crews Ameri can heavy bombers are to be equipped with protective armor reminiscent of that worn by knights of the middle ages A London firm which has spe cialized in swordmaking since 1772 noxv is engaged in tht manu facture of the equipment and it will be issued as rapidly as pro duction permits the announce ment said The armor consisting of a 16 pound sleeveless vest manga nese steel already has been by SMM airmen raifa ud b MM to tare proved very successful under stem tests The vest is made of heavy can vas to which are attached small overlapping squares of 20gaugc steel giving complete coverage on chest and back An apron sus pended by hooks from the vest provides protection for the stom ach and parts of the legs Pilots and copilots will wear only the half vest for chest pro tection since their backs are pro tected by the planes armor plate Bombardiers navigators gunners and radio operatorswill wear full vests The aprons come in two width for standing men tapered for seated men The half vest weighs seven founds the full apron 5li pounds and the tailored apron 41 pounds The vcsl slips oier the head and up the With the pull of a string the whole gear can be and gunner was struck on the shed instantaneously back and chest by pieces of can First Lt Jack Fisher of Fresno Cal fortress bombardier and one of the guinea pigs iri tests is one its most enthusiastic exponents Wearing the vest on the Wil helmshavenEmden raid on May 21 he saw a 20millimeter cannon shell explode inside the bomber two feet away from him His vest looked as though a shotgun had been fired at it from close range but there was no penetration The vest pWbaMf saved my life and certainly saved me serious injory he very grateful and feel all com bal crews should wear this equipment Sjtt Habcrl E Corl nt Pine Grove Mills Pa radio operator ron shells on the Hamm raid on March 4 The vest saved me from a ver serious injury he said Col Malcolm C Grow chic surgeon of the cighlh airforce i credited with developing the ar mor Grow is a veteran ofthe firs World war and a regular arm man Tests showed the vests stoppet 45 caliber army pistol bullets fired from 30 feet Grow who with Col H G Arm strong of De Smet S Dak eight airCorce flight surgeon is said 1 have contributed much to arm research in aviation medicine ha experimental models the vc made months ago Grow Is no trying to develop a new type ai morci helmet for bomber crew REPORT MANY DEAD IN QUAKE Claim 15000 Killed m One Turkish City LONDON Berlin radio aid Monday that a violent earth uake had rocked the northwest art of Anatolia province ot Tur ey and that unconfirmed reports laced the lead in the city of Vdapnznr alone at 15000 halfits emulation The account from the none tooreliable transovean news agency said the quake occurred shortly at p m Sunday night durinc a heavy thunder storm and that a mnffled sub terranean rumbling from below the earths surface added to the terror The quakes epicenter was placed at Adapozar and the un onfirmecl reports transocean said vcrc that 40 percent of the houses vere destroyed and another 30 ler cent were damaged severely Anntolia is tlie great western icninsula of Turkey between the Jlack and Mediterranean seas catling to the Dardanelles Earth tremors also were re ported felt in other parts ol An olia uven in ihc east Sparse ond disrupted communications delayed iccurale accounts of damage and suffering The earthquake shocks were felt it Istanbul formerly Constantin iple and the principal oily of Tur key and the Gorman agency said lite people here were seized with panic rushing from their homes and restaurants It required more than a hour to restore calm the report added The broadcast recorded by the Associated Press said that all telegram lni telephone com munications were disrupted and that railway traffic between Istanbul and the capital An kara was interrupted Physicians nurses and medical supplies were dispatched to Ada pazar it was said The city of 30 000 lies 75 miles cast of Istanbul Largest Appropriation Bill in Congressional History Voted by House WASHINGTON house Monday passed and sent to the senate the largest appropriation bill in congressional ing the army with which to wage an offensive war in the corojng 32 months Action on what the army termed its decisive war budget was taken by a unanimous roll cal to 0 Not a single sig nificant item of the sum recom mended by the house appropria tions committee was deleted by Ihc chamber Despile the Jingo olal there was less controversy on the avmys ap propriation than on any big meas ure this session STATE TROOPS SENTTOCrFYTO RE STORE ORDER Violence Spreads in Spite of Mobilization of 3500 Police DETROIT Widespread race riots that cost the lives of six Negroes and a white physician and resulted in more 200 injuries to Negroes anud whites alike flickered and flared inter mittently Monday afternoon Cov Marry Kelly of Michi gan before speeding to De troit front Columbus by army bomber ordered Michigan state police and state troops mobil ized to preserve order Mayor Edward J Jeffries Jr of Detroit said he would ask the governor on his arrival to declare martial law in the city About 75 military policemen drawn chiefly from an army post at suburban River Rouge arrived at police headquarters Monday afternoon They were to be as signed to patrol duty to keep service men out of the riot areas police officials said Tear gas as used within a stones throw ol the city hall when a group chased a Negro youth Irom Monroe avenue into the Campus Martius on the east side ol Wobdvyarcl avenue Officers gasrtbdiyperafrthVcrriwd Which gathered niany ol whom were shoppers attracted by the commotion The physician who was fatal ly beaten as he was answerlnc a call in the riot area was identi fied as Dr Joseph de HoratUs of 3t3i McDourall street Six Negroes also were dead time of the racial flareup and a police sergeant was critically wounded in gun fight with a Ne gro storelooting gang Capt Donald S Leonard Michigan stale police announced shortly before 11 a m east ern war time that Gov Harry Kelly of Michigan had ordered mobilization of the state forces thai time outbreaks of vio lence which had spread from an altercation at the Belle Isle bridge late Sunday night were continuing despite the mobiliza Buy War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy Buy War Savings Bvnds and Stamps from your carrier Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Hot Monday aft ernoon highest temperature be Uveen 95 and tOO becoming cooler with thundershowers Monday night and Tuesday lorcnoon IOWA Cooler north and west central portions Monday night slightly cooler in remainder of state Tuesday forenoon IViun southeast portion late Monday afternoon and early Monday night light to moderate winds MINNESOTA Cooler Mondaj night little change in tempera ture Tuesday forenoon IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Sunday 90 Minimum Sunday night 70 At 8 am Monday 77 At 2 p m Monday 90 YEAR AGO Maximum 78 Minimum 51 The figures for Sunday Maximum Saturday 90 Minimum Saturday msnt 70 At 8 a m Sunday 77 YEAR AGO Maximum 7B Minimum Rt Precipitation 08 tion of the entire 3500 members of the police force of the nations fourth city Four Negroes had lost their lives one white civilian was dead and a police sergeant had died of wounds received in a gun fight with a Negro storelooting gang Captain Leonard said the gov ernor had directed mobilization at two Detroit armories of 1000 state troops picked from the best trained companies in the stale In addition lie said between 400 and 500 members the state police urce including those in Michi ans upper peninsula more than 00 miles from Detroit were al eady mobilized and standing cady for action if needed The mayor ordered every sa ton and bar in the city closed Disturbances which occurred rer an area roughly three miles 4uare heavily populated by Ne roes and lying east and northeast f the downtown area spread londay morning to Woodward venue main stem of Detroit vhich runs from the Detroit riv r north At Woodward and Adelaide street a crowd of to 4M whites Mas reported mlllinc about stoninr every pawirn automobile that carried Ne groes Police reported it con sisted mostly of joany men dressed in overalls and work clothes barrage of rothn forced one car to strike a safety zone the car then was over turned This group finally was dis persed when police riot cars ar rived with 20 officers carrying machine guns and tear gas pis tols Inspector Fred Stephens of the detective bureau reported that every window along Hastings street between Medbury and Ver nor highway a distance ot 25 blocks was broken Many of the i stores in this section were looted of beer and liquor Senior In spector Edward reported V crowd of 500 Negroes broke into it a pawn shop on Hastings
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