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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - June 10, 1943, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THI NEWSPAPER THAT HOME EDITION MAKIS ALL NORTH IOWANS NCIGMSOKS MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY JUNE 10 194s TJUS PATCH CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE I T IWi dEUTIONS MINERS FINED THREATEN WALKOUT U S Air Fleets to Bomb Nazis YANK POWER IN BRITAIN TO BE EQUAL OF RAF US Heavy Bomber Force Doubled in Size Since March By LEWIS HAWKINS LONDON American bomber force in England is in creasing at a rate between 15 a IK 30 per cent monthly and by the endof this summer will approxi mate the bomber strength of the RAF Maj Gen Ira C Eaker commander of United States army air forces in this theater disclosed Thursday Soon the American force wil be strong enough to hit the axis ir Europe at three four five or more places in a single day Eaker de clared with each fleet capable of 1 obliterating any normal industria target He disclosed that nearly 300 lourengined bombers participates in the American daylight raid on targets at St Nazaire Rennes and La Pallace in France on May 29 1 Eaker told a press conference that tie American heavy bomb er force had doubled in size since March and would approxi mate the RAFs bomber strength by the end of the summer Reporting thatthe U S AAF in 15 to 30 per doubled between now apd Octo tie said the American flying fortresses and liberators would continue their precision raiding in daylight with relatively small in dividual forces rather than adopt British mass raiding tech followed a nic by night or day Bakers disclosure statement from a reliable source here that a unit of flying fortress es had been assigned to undertake night bombing experiments from British with the RAF Meanwhile Eaker said Amer ican fighter and medium bomber forces in England also are grow ing rapidly and will be ready to play a fail part in supporting al lied troops in an invasion of Europe American bomber losses for May were under four per dent Eaker said During the month more than 1600 heavy bombers raided the continent including those that went twice or more and dropped 2800 tons of bombs on 19 targets Sixtytwo of the big planes were lost but they shot down359 en emy craft and probably destroyed American lighter forces made about 2300 sorties Eaker dis closed losing nine planes while destroying or damaging 35 axis Eaker said that while fortr crews are being trained in night flying to add flexibility to their tactics their main job will con tinue to be done by daylight The American air commander uU that the new l47 thunder bolt fighterwas proving itself injcjlblrf continent greatly boosting the ewfUetwe of fighter pilots Medium bombers also are ar riving m large numbers from the United States Eaker said Their chief role ultimately will be to support the invasion of Europe he added and their crews now WN OKA C CAKKB are being trained for that pur pose Their training will be thorough and complete before the land battle starts Eakei said Explaining the recent lull ir the major bombing attack or Europe from England Eaker said that in the air1force as in the army and navy it is necessary to replace losses and to regroup forces after heayy battles such as those fought in May thatthe initiative now is in the hands of the al liesand that they are able to pick the times when they can launch attacks under conditions mosi desirable to us and most embar rassing to the enemy A recent contingent of Ameri can airmen who have arrived in Great Britain fully trained to service and fiy the rapidly in creasing fleet of United States army air force planes here is be lieved to have been one of the largest ever shipped abroad Announcement of the latest contingents arrival at a British port was made early Thursday The trip across the Atlantic was fast and uneventful the an nouncement said The combat to replace men who have completed their required quota of raids on Europe and to man bombers whose number mo mentarily exceeded available manpower The crew of the Memphis Belle having completed Z5 bombiBc missions over the eon was given m gala send off Wednesday preparatory to their leaving for the United States to participate in a war bond selling campaign Replacements and expansions lave occasioned some ion of the United States army air force which has been Withhofdiri major blows from Europe tor the past ten days as has the heavy bomber fleet of the RAF Resumption of bombing raids on the continent however is ex jected to bring the heaviest blows ret by the American air force ac cording to the Evening Standard War Savings Bonds and Stamps from yoor GlobeGazette carrier boy Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Warmer Thursday afternoon not much change in temperature Thursday night and Friday forenoon Scattered showers Thursday night and Friday forenoon OWA Showers and scattered thunderstorms in south portion Thursday night and in west and south portions Friday forenoon Continued mild MINNESOTA temperatures Little change in temperature Thursday night and Friday forenoon somewhat except warmer northwest portion Thursday night IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Wednesday 8S Minimum Wednesday night 51 At 8 a m Thursday 61 Ram YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 01 inch 57 Service Men ZootSuiters Clash in Outlying Districts Dozen Communities on Los Angeles Edge Ruled OutofBounds cars area ILOS ANGELES A Service men and zootsuited juvenile gangsters clashed in new pitched battles in outlying districts Thurs day Some 125 zooters and other juveniles clashed with approxi mately 90 service men mostly sailors and marines in outlying Watts early Thursday It was not clear what started thc battle but the service men braved a barrage of stones to come to grips with the youths Fighting raged more than an hour police said and a number of the zootsnited lads were de trousered before military police reserves succeeded in quelling Ihe riot Trainmen on interurban passing through the Watts Report Pachuco Girls Slash Girl IMS ANGELES co girls female counterparts of the zootsoited hoodlums who have battled uniformed service men In street rioting for six nights slashed and beat a young womanearly Thursday Betty Morgan 82 year old waitress told police that as she left her home for breakfast three girls wearing kneelength pounced upon her knocked her down kicked her in the chest and cut her face with a dulled razor She uas taken lo a hospital Authorities already had in custody Mrs Amelia Venegas 22 arrested after she cursed depnty sheriffs who were ques tioning a gntap of zoot soil wearers near her home The depvties reported they found a brass kmckles when they searched told police their cars were stoned on nearly every trip Wednesday night and early Thursday No one was reported hurt There was gunplay in nearby Azusa although the incident may not have been connected with the service manzooter rioting A 15 year old boy said to have been tossing gasoline flares into a the ater was shot in the leg by a pecial officer In Los Angeles Boyle Heights area a zoolsuitcd mob assembled in the early morning but was dis persed without violence by a squadron of police armed with riot guns Nearly a dozen communities along the rim of farflung Los Angeles were closed to U S sea menv marines and coast guards men Thursday after navy officials expanded their outofbounds area n an effort to forestall future dis orders between service men arid clashes which have drawn attention of the state department and the Mexican em bassy Nary when ve enlMHi with special p been tarred and sausageshaped trousers were disrobed by bands of sol diers and sailors who hold the gentry responsible for alleged heatings rabber indignities inflicted service men Outbreaks had dwindled to iso lated cases in outlying areas Wednesday night police reported Mayor Fletcher Bowron de clared in a radio address that local government authority has not broken down Gov Earl Warren urged law en forcement officers citizens and service men to join in a movement Anting in which oOO zooters and service men have been jailed and some 150 persons have been injured in the past few days The majority of the zoot suiters arrested police show have been youths or Mexi can descent The governor also delegated Ally Gen Robert W Kenny to work with a citizens committee of five appointed to seek out un causes of the disturb derlying ances Mayor Bowron said the state department informed him Wednesday that Its attention had been called to the situation by the Mexican embassy In Washington after the embassy had received a report from the Mexican consulgeneral here The mayor said he replied The law is going to be enforced and the peace kept There is no question of racial discrimination involved We have here a bad situation as lie result of the for mation of activities of youthful gangs the members of which probably lo the extent of 98 per cent or more were born right here in Los Angeles Later in a radio talk the mayor There has been no breakdown of local government authority and order will be maintained Police working with tile FBI and other federal agencies have not been able to uncover sufficient evidence to justify the statement that gangs of juveniles and young men roaming over parts of the city and county have been organized controlled or directed by nazi or other enemy agents Among other developments The city council adopted a motion asking he police com mission to report m the sitoa tion including a suggestion by councilman that there should be a city ordinance ban ning ziMt suits In San Diego groups of service men numbering from a dozen to 300 or roamed the downtown streets Wednesday night on the lookout for zootsuiters reported to be infiltrating from An geles More than 100 sailors and marines stormed down a main street after several youths wear ing the outlandish garb but the zootsuiters fled before fists began to swing JlreSu CHIROPRACTORS TO MEET DES MOINES Chiro practice society ot Iowa will meet Sunday and DROP FOR CROP PROSPECTS IS use BY u s Outlook Poorest in 3 Years Agricultural Department Reports WASHINGTON ag riculture department reported Thursday that crop prospects de teriorated during May and by June 1 generally were he poorest in three years The department estimated uinler wheat production at 5017 OOOO bushels compared with 515159000 bushels esti mated a month ago and a 1942 crop of 703253000 bushels Persistent rains from south western Oklahoma to northern New York retarded crop develop ment on approximately onefourth of the nations farm area The department said that while planting had been seriously de layed by wet weather in the cen tral and northeastern states lack of moisture was causing increas ing concern in portions oC he great plains The first estimate on spring wheat indicated a crop of 000 bushels compared with 278 bushels last year The report indicated a total wheat and 250000000 bushels less than last year Production of oals was esti mated at 1168S5teOO bushels compared with at 371 bushels compared with last year The report decreased the pros pective production on rye from thc 3fj85i000 bushels forecast a month ago to 33841000 bushels The 1942 crop was 57341000 bushels CHAPLIN SUIT IS SETTLED Provides for Blood Test Court Reveals H O L L Y O O D comedian Charlie Chaplin and red headed Joan Barry Thursday an nounced settlement of her patern ity suit seeking to establish him as the father of her unborn child The settlement approved by Su perior Court Judge William S Baird provides for a blood test when the child becomes four mouths ot age to determine Chaplm could be the father Under the agreement Chaplin agreed to give her imme diately and to pay S100 a week beginning June 10 until further order of thc court In addition she will receive GOO to take care of all medical attention in connection with the birth of the child expected within four months Chaplin said in the agreement offered by his attorneys Loyd Wright and Frank Doherty that he is not the father of Miss Eai rys child Allies Slash Key Defenses of Axis Continuing to Cut Down Strength of Outposts 12 Enemy Planes Are Shol Down on Sicily Gerbin and Catania BULLETIN LONDON Italian fleet is at action stations ready to stand up to and to oppose the enemys attacks and to repulse them Admiral Arture Ric cardi the fleet commander was quoted in a Rome navy day broadcast Thursday LONDON Evening Standard quoted a Berlin radio report as saying hat it ap pears allied forces have landed on Pantelleria Details are not yet available Italy knows Ger many will give all necessary help The report lacked any further confirmation By REMAN MORIN ALLIED HEADQUARTERS INf NORTH AFRICA ah forces steadily Whittling away at axis resistance on the Mediter ranean outposts have executed new air assaults 011 bombscarred Pantelleria and Sicily in connec tion with a scouting raid by British commandos against Lam pedusa it was announced Thurs day Striking in darkness from the sea Monday night he com mandos tested the defenses of Lampedusa tiny Italian prison isle 80 railes south of the inva sion stepping stone of Pantel leria and returned with light casualties after completing their mission a headquarters com munique said A communique issued Wednesday at Malta said light surface forces had carried out a coastal reconnaissance of the island Sunday night London sources although unable to rec oncile the time difference were inclined to believe the two an nouncements referred to a single amphibious operation Two field guns and a number machineguns were said to have engaged the commando pa tro Monday night The landing party returned to British vessels off shore damage Allied air forces blasted Pantel leria Wednesday for the 18th suc cessive day and a Cairo an nouncement said American heavy bombers ranged across the Medi terranean to attack air fields at two points on Sicily Gerbin and Catania Twelve enemy planes were re ported shot down on Sicily Ger bin and Catania Twelve enemy planes were re ported shot down on the Pantel leria raids and at least three by the American flyers from middle east bases One allied plane was lost over Pantelleria The strength of the Pantel leria assault was not disclosed hut i underscored the allied determination announced jn a special communique Wednes day to blast this Italian outpost until it collapses The Italians who Wednesday ignored an allied demand or surrender on Pantelleria declared Thursday from the Rome radio all of which escaped ive and friends Rome radio re that overwhelming air and naval forces were be Pantellena island The allies demanded s surrender and when no replv was received imi f nj bombarded the island fortress Arrows heater6 Shn j area of thc Mediterranean tiwf A P s mibols naval bombardment of teltena and recent naval reconnaissance at Lampedusa London Belief of Imminent Landing Operations Persist By ROGER GREENE Associated Press War Editor In London the belief persisted Thursday that momentous oper ations were imminent Official news of landing ex pected Thursday morn said Jord Beaverbrooks London Daily Express headlining the siege of Pantelleria The volcanic little island athwart the trans Mediterran ean invasion route to Sicily and the Italian mainland underwent its 18th successive day of aerial attack Wednesday after reject ing an allied ultimatum for un conditional surrender Under orders from Rome Pantellerias bombdazed garri son continued to hold out in the islands volcanic hills and an Italian broadcast obviously seeking lo bolster morale on the Italian home front said the de fenders were proudly acceptinc all privations and sacrifices Upon the garrisons refusal to surrender allied planes again dropped a great weight of ex plosives on the island Wednes day underlining Gen Eisen howers warning that the Ital ians could expect only bomb ing bombardment and block ade until they run up the white flag From the safely of uubombed Rome the Italian radio boasted As each hour goes by we await the enemy at Pantelleria We are ready and wailing However it was quite passible that instead of direct assault the allied command might baye decided to make Pantelleria the subject of an experiment by blastingit into submission from the sky and sea As each hour goes by we await the enemy at Pantelleria We a ready and From their middle east air bases RAF long range fighters again swept across to the Aegean sea where they sank two sailing vessels left another sinking and a fourth on its side badly dam aged Three smaller vessels were attacked A final interpretation oC re connaissance photographs taken over the La Spezia naval base said decks of one of Italys Lit torio class battleships appar ently were damaged by the fly ing fortress attack there Satur day Identification maixs on the deck had disappeared A dispatch from the fortress base Saturday night said the 35 000 ton battleships Liltorio Vit torio Veneto and Roma had been damaged by hits and near misses of armorpiercing bombs Near misses do their Fifty liberators made up the American formations from the middle oast command which struck by daylight a thc I wo Si cilian airdromes it nounccd in Cairo Col John R Killer work below thc was an Kane of Shrcvcport La the leader said dispersal areas at both Gerbini and Catania were churned by the bursts of more than 250000 pounds of demolition fragmenta tion and incendiary bombs Hangars and administration buildings received direct hits up ward of two dozen enemy aircraft were blasted to wreckage on the ground and oil installations and storage tanks were destroyed the crewmen said Flying in two waves the lib erators encountered about 25 axis fighters both Messerschmttt 109s and Macchi 202s Two Hesser schmitts and one Macchi were shot down and others probably were destroyed Clearly showing he impor tance axis air chiefs attach to Pantelleria Ihe of both tactical and strategic air forces of U Gen Carl A Spaalz northwest African command reported increased fighter op position K Despite the increase in the number of axis fighters their de tense was no more effective than before it was declared Ameri can bombers and fighters just de fied them WILL LAUNCH CAMPAIGN DES MOINES WA campaign p stress thc importance of keeping ips buttoned up will be launch ed here June 18 by the office of civilian defense with an address by Maj Albert J Stowe of Iho war departments intelligence di vision MUST PAY DAY FOR JUNE LAYOFFICKES Miners Win Pay Raise From Central Pennsylvania Operators WASHINGTON t Lewis coal miners were told by the government Thursday they will be fined SI a day for their June 15 a West Virginia union official said promptly This means another walkout The union man an official ot the United Mine Workers district 31 at Fairmont withheld use ot his name but he said the miners would not stand for the fines In another development he mine workers were disclosed to have won over central Pennsyl vania operators to a daily pay raise of Secretary lekes as federal boss of the mines told of thc fining Charles ONeill spokesman for tlio central Pennsylvania oper ators announced to the war labor board that his group had agreed on the figure for settling the portaltoportal pay demand of the miners Lewis had sought S2 The asso ciation covers mines with about C000 men in all OTjeilFs organization withdrew from the joint wage conference Wednesday but attended the WLB hearing to announce his agree ment witli Lewis The other Ap palachian operators reported the failure oC their negotiations with the miners The UMW was not represented at the hearing ONeill told the board his objec tive was to restore peace I am not interested said ONeill in waiting till kingdom come to see what the supreme court said about it portalto portal pay and accumulating a liability that will strangle the industry He said travel time was calcu lated at an average of an hour a day for inside men Al lime and onehalf this would amount to under the basic rate Distri buted evenly among nil employes outside ns well as inside the is of 130 was reached for both types of workers Most of John L Lewis 530000 otld united mine workers were out from June I through June 5 making Ihem liable for fines of each for the fivetlay absence from the mines Under the con tracts the penalty money goes to selected charities Ickes adding that fines would again be levied if another walk out takes place before or after the present truce ends at mid night June 20 declared that before last weeks walkout we told the miners we were going to fine them if they went out again The fines he said will be taken out of the next pay envelopes is sued lo thc miners since ha re ported ihcir latest merits already had wage pay been made when Die walkout skirted June 1 Although Ihe UMWcontends no contract was in force after mid night May 31 Ickes said Ibo fines would be levied under the terms of the contracts because he had declared in taking over the mines Cor the government April 1 that iho contracts were being extended indefinitely pending agreement on a new contract The government mine boss de clined at a press conference to say whether he would recommend an increase in price ceilings which reportedly would be called for to put into effect a tentative agree ment on a new contract by Lewis and some Pennsylvania soft coal operators One obstacle affecting every consumer of coal stood in the wav of final settlement Lewis said the Pennsylvania pact was contingent on necessary ap proval of prices permitting the agreement to become effective In other words the operators consent lo hike wages if they can get more money per ton ONeill explained his groups action by saying that the mem Jers found it necessary to make he mine workers some kind of an offer Thc industry should have an agreement for a slated period of time in order that the mines might returned to their own ers he added They have been operated by the government through Interior Secretary Ickes since May 1 Lewis called the ONeill offer he first bona fide and construc ivc offer of a new wage agree ment to emanate from the three months ot conferences
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