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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - June 3, 1943, Mason City, Iowa COMP DEPARTMENT OF HtSTORY ANO ARCHIVES KOINES IA 1 lUXCiw NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE MIWSTAKR THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL XLIX HOME EDITION imnn ASSOCIATED PUSS AMD UNRKD HUESS FUU WOTS MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY JUNE 3 1943 THIS PAPCft CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 203 F R PREPARES BACKTOWORK RULE Allied Ships Sink Boats Near Italian Shores ii mi LAUNEASAYS 2 CONVO 137 SHIPS SEEN Huge Movement of AIKed Shipping East in Mediterranean Reported By ROGER GXEENE Associated Press War Editor Allied warships boldly striking near Italys own shores were of ficially credited Thursday with sinking three vessels and driving a destroyer ashore in an attack on an axis convoy oil Capo Spar tiyento and Home announced a third allied naval assult in lour days oh the Italian Gibraltar o Pantelleria Both Rome and Berlin plucked nervously at the specter of an allied invasion of Europe with axis broadcasts ranging from nail defiance to fascist appeals for courage Our fate will be terrible should we lose this a Rome military spokesman appar Cloim 12 Million Guerrillas Ready to Aid Invasion By UNITED PRESS Allied announcement indicat ing rapidly expanding air and naval superiority in the Med iterranean area coincided Tkws 4ay with zxfe reports that Pan telleria bland between Tunisia and Sicily may be the first stop an the tutted nations thrust forward toward the European continent Underground reports told a potential xnerrilia army oeenpied Europe awaitinr the in vasion It was estimated that one person in every It was armed secretly ently seeking to frighten the Ital ians into a lastditch stand Nobody willbe spared Another Italian commentator declared that not much would be given British ant American invasion forces anc added It would be a matter of butch er and be butchered HUGE MOVEMENT OF ALLIED SHIPPING REPORTED Meanwhile dispatches from La Unea Spain reported a huge movement of allied shipping from Gibraltar leaving the harbor a the great British stronghold vir tually deserted Two convoys totalling 137 transports freight ers merchantmen tankers and a hospital east ward into the Mediterranean at dawn Wednesday enronte to North African ports it was re ported Previously an allied armada o three battleships three aircraf carriers several cruisers and de stroyers was said to have left thi Rock for destinations unknown Allied headquarters gave inkling of explanation for these reports but declared that a smal force of allied destroyers at tacked an axis conyoyoff Capo Spartivento just offttrttsautber tip of Sardinia and emy merchant ships and an es corting torpedoboat and drove an enemy destroyerashore in flames Our forces suffered no casual ties or damage it was announced Capo Spartivento lies off the toe of the Italian boot MADRID LOOKS FOR FANTELLERIA INVASION The London News Chronicl quoted French reports from Mad rid as saying an allied invasion of Pantelleria could be bound Italian fleet was to steam into battle at an hour1 notice The Italian tare no details on the new bombard Blent of Panlelleria ami Gen Dwfeht D Eisenhower head MM only that allied bombers attacked the Maud Wednesday alone with sweeps San AnUfce bUad rfT Sar dinia and over the AegtM sea Panelleria lies 45 miles east o Cap Bon Tunisia and is strategi cally important as a potential step pingstone for an invasion Sicily or the Italian mainland NAZIS CLAIM ALUBS WOC1BVT HATE CHANCE A Berlin broadcast discussing two invasion in UM OMB army ortaa He WebnMcfct THEY MAY HAVE A COMMISSION FOR Thursday morning these six naval officers established themselves in offices in the Federal building and began inter viewing men who are interested in applying for commissions in the naval reserve Attached to the office of naval officer procurement they are leftio right back row B Brandenburjr Pharmacists mate third class Louisville Ky G E Daggett yeornan third class Rosali Nebr J Johnson pharmacists mate third class Benton and R D Gipple yeoman third class Pes Momes Front row Lt E J Dudzinski medical officer Detroit Lt R N senior member Chi Chinese Troops Continue to Advance on Yangtze Front Report Japs Suffered 30000 Casualties in Central China Battle 15 miles west of Ichang to LJn sieh in Hunan province The Chinese announced Wed nesday that they had v regained three towns above Linsien and he Yangtze front in central hina the town of Changyang miles south of the Japanese base at chang and also occupied the Yangtze port of Chihkiang 35 miles below Ichang an army spokesman announced Thursday Japanese troops are being driven back toward the south tank of the river on the whole upper Yangtze front the spokesman added He said that the Japanese had used altogether about 100000 troops in the battle and that they had suffered about 30000 casual ties A communique from the head quarters of Lt Gen Joseph W Stilwell announced that 10 coun tcroffensive blows were struck by the U S air force May 30 and 31 in support of the Chinese army in the take Tungting area BZi liberator bombers were credited with destruction of 20 Japanese lighter planes and prob able destruction of five others during bombardment of Ichang air fields and Chinese fighter pi lots led by Lt Col John Alison ot Gainesville Fla destroyed three zeros and probably wrecked three others At least five enemy planes were destroyed on the craund a Japanese gunboat was set afire four river boats were sank or burned and the locomo tives of four were knocked oat In addition na merows casualties were inflicted OB Javanese troops Two American planes were lost and several others were damaged Recapture of Changyang would represent an advance of about 20 miles for the Chinese troops since they regained Yuyangkwan last Saturday The occupation of Chihkiang the spokesman said menaced Japanese communications with Ichang Japanese positions south surrounded and many bad been wiped out in a broadcast recorded by the Associated Press in London quoted an official Jap anese statement Thursday as say ing that operations in central China had been successfully con cluded and all Japanese forces who participated have been brought back to their bases The statement said the operations which were brought to an end Monday took place on a front 190 miles long and 63 miles deep stretching from Tungtine lake to the Yangtze river and the fortified town of Ichang The 10th Chinese army and other forces were an nihilated the broadcast added The Chinese military spokes man said that an important fac tor in the Chinese successes was the collaboration of the Chinese and American air forces which have accomplished very much The joint air forces he declared have subjected the enemy to very heavy attacks and have won com plete control of the air The Chinese forces also received considerable help from puppet Chinese troops which the Japa nese tried to employ but from which lull information was ob tained concerning the enemys strength the spokesman asserted The Japanese originally started the drive with between 70000 and 80000 troops the spokesman said but reinforcements from Hankow and Yochow brought their lota to 100000 He said the enemys campaign was very well planned but col lapsed suddenly because the in vaders committed the tactical blunder of allowing the Chinese to entice them into a mountainous area where they were dealt an annihilating blow What already is referred lo as the Chinese battle of Stalingrad was fought around Shihpei a strongly fortified area west of Ichang where the defenders had orders to resist to the last The Japanese were unable to use their tanks and big guns in the moun tains and were placed at a very cago and Lt j g C T Chase interviewing officer Cleveland The office which adjoins the navy recruiting station will be open from 9 a m until 9 p m every day till Sunday when it will be closed at 5 p m The re cruiters have 65 types of open ings for ensigns and ireutenahts junior and senior grades Men under 32 year of age are eligible for ratings as ensign at S252 monthly men of 32 and 38 lieutenantjunior grade at monthly and men 38years and ciderHeutenan senior grade at The procedure application and to be interviewee by an officer If the applican passes this with the proper qual ifications he is given a thorougl physical examination after whiel he writes an officer test for om hour He is then given a forma application which he takes home and mails to Des Moines later The board will be here un Sunday afternoon Lock photo Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Continued warn Thursday afternoon Showe and scattered thunder squall late Thursday afternoon an Thursday night Cooler Thuis rlay night and Friday forcnooi Strong winds IOWA Occasional rain and coolo Thursday night and Frida forenoon Fresh lo moderatel strong winds IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Wednesday S2 minimum Wednesday night 63 At 8 s m Thursday 67 11 inch YEAR AGO Maximum 73 Minimum 64 Precipitation 37 stressed the possibility of allied thrusts into Europe from several directions and declared An AngoAmerican expedition ary force might perhaps succeed in crossing the Mediterranean and landing somewhere in southern Europe but it would not have the slightest chance in battle against axis continental armies with their millions of welltrained and well equipped troops Covpfed wttfc IUs kmst of axfc hnteeiMHtr UK the Mteeedte U MM potato per U MM potato m DM for M It cannot denied of course that the tion of Tunisia created a new sit uation in the Mediterranean the broadcast added It would be foolish to ignore the fact that the AngoAmericans now are in a position to use the bases in Tun isia for offensive operations against Europe Berlin previously had named June 22 as der tag for the allies grand assault on Europe row AN ON DAVENPORT Lt John J Davies of Davenport was dis closed in Washington Wednesday as chief of the medical staff of the U S coast guard Spencer which saved an important convoy from attack in the Atlantic a few ago by ruiminc arid Beef Steak oint Value Increased See table on page 15 WASHINGTON an ef ort to switch civilian tastes from curce beef cuts to more plentiful ork veal and lamb the office price administration Wednes increased by one to three oints per pound the rationpoint alues nearly all types ot The order effective Sunday morning will make the most popular beef steaks cost 11 or 13 points a 33 lo 37 per cent increase The general level of point val s for the other three kinds of leat was little changed despite umerous small increases and de reases so that the new order means for people who usually buy eef a choice between eating less meat or switching to the other ypes Insofar as they dc not give up ieef the order also means in ef ect a cut in the meat ration In ome families this reduction will e accentuated by tlie addition to he red coupon ration list ol anned milk announced Tuesday nd of certain soft cheeses in luded for the first time in Wed icsuay nights order The jump in beef point value vas due to a market scarcity o he commodity OPA said result ng both from large military re luirements and a failure of bee o come to slaughter in antici pated volume Slaughtering i April and May was 10 per cen belowadvance estimates Offi cials said the presence of even meager civilian supplies on th market lately was due partly l the armys abstaining from it full quota of purchases Now officials said the army feels thai it must resumehie scale beef purchases to satisfy soldier preferences Failure of beef slaughter tc reach estimates was blamed ii part on farmers and rancher holding cattle for higher price and also on a trend to feed caltl to heavier weights before market ing Sample changes in meat poin values include Per pound OLD NK VAL VAL porterhouse club and sir steaks x round And Hank steaks u lUinch rib roast chuclc and bonelesi Mtfl short ribs brisket with bone 4 Betl i Veal Ivin or sirliiti K Veal rump or irloin roasts wilh bone fi lamb luin Lamb or mutton eriuek or shoulder Ktth bone K Ham with bone Ham thank end Forte spareribs 3 Dried The new point values are ex pected by OPA to remain un changed at least until July 3 The contain besides meat changes i cheese and canned fish but no al terations in the schedule for but ter lard shortening ami other edible Tats and oils COMMITTEE OF LIBERATION SET UP BY FRENCH Established Alter 2 Day Deadlock Tension Reported in Algiers ALGIERS P Thci French xccutive committee was formal y brought into existence Satur ay and given the name of the laiional committee of liberation The committees personnel is the same as previously arreed upon with Gen Henri Giraud and Gen Charles De Gaulle as juiitt heads alternating in pre siding Following the meeting at which he organization was formalized the governing body for liber ited French territory political quarters reported important changes would be made in the cadcrship for Algeria and French Morocco They said General Georges Ca rovix who was liaison officer be ween Generals Giraud and De 3aulle would succeed resigned Vlarcel Peyrouton as governor general of Algeria and Gabriel Puaux former high commission er in Syria would succeed Gen Auguste Nogues as resident gen eral ot French Morocco The members of the national committee of liberation besides Generals Giraud and De Gaulle are Gen Alphonse George and Jean Monnet as members selected by Giraud Rene Massigli and Andre Philip as members selected by De Gaulle Gen Georges Ca troux accepted by both Giraud ami De Gaulle The merlins at which the committee was brought formal ly into beiiiR broke a twoday deadlock during which no meetings were held and daring which tension was evident in Algiers Before the meeting at which the committee status tinally was fixed loaders ot the Algiers branch of the fighting French said Vice Admiral Emile Muse lier Girauds deputy commander in chief in charge public order inthe Algiers area had refused lo permit a meeting of their organization next Sunday at which DC Gaulle was to have spoken Under a decree by Giraud no public assemblies may be held without the permission o au thorities Police said they had discovered two members of Girauds body guard at 2 a m painting signs derogatory to De Gaulle on Al giers walls One escaped the other taken into custody was AntiStrike Study Insisted on by House WASHINGTON house refused by an overwhelming vote Thursday to kill the SmithCon nally antistrike bill outright and proceeded to consideration of amendments A motion by Representative Cellar D N V to strike out the enacting clause thus to kill Hie measure was defeated on a stand ing vote of 133 to 37 Cellar complained that tlie la bor committee had not had a chance to consider the legislation and that the military committee had not given Icbor an opportunity to be heard on the measure Opposing Cellars motion Rep resentative Whittington p Miss accused John L Lewis mine union head of hating President Roosevelt with such vehemence that his patriotism has been destroyed In a contest between labor and the government I stand for the government Whittington added Is this sedition or isnt it Representative Hoffman R Mich asked the house Thursday in regard to the coal mine walk out as the lawmakers took up a bill to outlaw strikes in govern mentoperated war plants This is the first time in his tory the Michigan member said that there has been a strike against our government It is the first time a labor organization in time of war has defied our gov ernment Representative Thomason D Tex declared no man has a right to strike against the govern ment There is no man in the United States greater than our government A stack of timeconsuming amendments to the bill indicated final action might be held up until Friday or even later DRASTIC ACTION IS REPORTED TO BE IN PROGRAM Informants Disclose Full Use of Powers Contemplated in Plan WASHINGTON Roosevelt was represented by in formed quarters Thursday to be prepared to order John L Lewis striking coal miners to go back to work on Monday with a program of more drastic action in reserve if his first demand goes unheeded The backtowork order may come laic Thursday or Friday believe trustworthy persons whose identity may not bepub lished The plan as these informants understand it contemplates full use of the commander in chiefs wartime power and his author ity under the selective act lit eral enforcement of all laws Koveruintr aliens of whom there are thousands among the mine workers and the use of troops in force finally neces sary A possibility of employing for mer mine workers now in the armed services also is under con sideration competent sources re MINNESOTAN IS FREED BY JURY Acquit Spring Grove Man of Manslaughter CALEDONIA Minn Julius Smcrud 40 a Spring Grove construction worker who was charged with manslaughter in the death of Hans E Engon 59 also of Spring Grove Thursday was acquitted by jury verdict The panel of four women and eight men returned their de cision after 35 minutes delibera WILL HEAR DIES FAIRFIELD tive Martin Dies of Texas is scheduled to give a Flag Day ad dress at Calnitauqua park here at p m Sunday June 13 A coast guard band from St Louis will play PRESSING in the battle zone pipers of the British Black Watch keep their uniforms trim as though at home Here they line up with towels replacing their kilts to have their tarfans pressed by the pipemajor in Tunisia later released Giraud forces continued to maintain a close guard over the Algiers broadcasting studio and at other strategic points which might be seized if any coup were altcmptcd A tank was moved into the garden of Girauds pal ace tion Smerud testified he ejected En gcn from his home after returning home and finding the victim with his wife Three times the de fendant said Engen attempted to reenter the house Eneen died of skull fracture a hours aflcr the admitted ejection Tlie defense contended the vic tim died of a fall while in jail The prosecution attempted to prove the fatal injuries were in flicted by Smcrud Tennessee Board Wont Induct Men as Long as Strike Continues NASHVILLE Term erlsoncountys local draft board No 1 asserted Thursday it would induct no more men into the armed forces until the govern ment lakes some action to settle this question of strikes The boards decision was con tained in a letter to Gov Prentice Cooper which declared that it the contemplated action did not meet with the governors approval you may accept this as our resignation and proceed lo appoint our suc cessors For two and onehalf years we have served as the selective serv ice board for Robertson counly Tenn the letter read in part The present situation is so serious and so detrimental lo the welfare of our country and our armed forces that we have determined that we cannot conscientiously in duct any more men into the armed forces of the country until our government has taken ade quate steps to meet this situation We cannot draft men into the army at pay of S50 per month when civilians in industry essen tial to the war effort are permit ted to strike for higher wages al though already being paid or more per hour v Report Walkout of 20000 Employes in Detroit Packard Plant DETROIT than 20 000 employes were reported to have walked out at the Packard Motor Car company Thursday forcing closing of the plant but a union spokesman said the num ber of workers involved was not that hish and that some divisions were working A company representative said thestrikersmembers of the Unit ed AutomotfiJe1 Workers walked out early Thursday to pro test the upgrading of three Negro workers whose seniority and training entitled them lo higher positions He said the entire plant was shut down as a result of the stop page which followed sporadic walkouts last week in a number of the factorys departments A spokesman for local 190 the UAWCIO said the strike Thurs day was completely unauthorized and that a meeting would be held later this morning to define issues in the dispute and attempt lo per suade the strikers to return lo their jobs He agreed that the upgraded Negroes were entitled lo the high er jobs given them ON SAMS JUNK DES MOINES fed eral motor vehicle tax stamps for the fiscal year 194344 will go on sale June 10 at all Iowa postof fices CHARLES F FYE ILL DES MOINES F Pye former secretary of the Iowa State Teachers association was reported improving slightly at the hospital here where he was taken following a heart attack ported The presidents advisers were described as confident the strike can be ended and that a show military might would be effective if other methods failed Statistical data on the draft classifications and alien status of members ot the united mine workers were said to be on hand at the white house The president was understood to have fully substained the labor boards position and effectively blocked any dicker ills between Lewis and other government officials It is he boards definite posi tion that the coal strike must be handled like all other previous defiance cases That is no nego tiations with the government and no adjudication of the issues while here is an interruption of production Besides the possibility of a pres idential order for the miners to return and the possible use of se lective service and alien laws there remained always of course the chance that Lewis might re cede from his heretofore adamant stand against the war labor board and that a compromise might be effected Mr Roosevelt saw members of the AFLCtO labor war board Thursday but members said aft erward their meeting had no con nection with lite coal dispute The possiblity of any action be fore late Thursday or perhaps Friday appeared remote however There was evidence that the while house and James F Byrnes new war mobilization director were working behind Ihc scenes to brine the coal strike o a conclusion Nevertheless Presidential Sec retary Stephen Early said that he assumed that the war labor boards order that negotiations be tween the operators and miners be halted until men ore back in the coal pits still stands The members of the combined labor warboard meet periodically with thepresident to considerall matters pcrtaining to laborinthe war effort There was no specific indication that thechief execu tive would bring the coal dispule before it although chances ap peared lo be good that he would go over the coal problems with the CIO and AFL leaders The united mine workers have no rep resentative on the board Those coming to the while house included President William Green of the AFL Phillip Murray CIO president Julius Emspak secre tarytreasurer of the CIO electri cal workers union R J Thomas president of the CIO automobile workers union and George Mcany AFL secretary Early old the press he wax neither foreclosing or anticipat ing any while house statement or action on the coat sitBatfen later on in the day He asserted On the coal strike front there isnt as far as I can tell now any expectation any announcement that can be given to the press at the present time Meanwhile soft coal opera tors and United Mine Workers representatives reamed their Mint wage conference Ttandar feotk
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