Saturday, May 29, 1943

Mason City Globe Gazette

Location: Mason City, Iowa

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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - May 29, 1943, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME C 0 P DEPART i1 c i r or HI 3T03 Y A A iCH I VE i i MAKfS ALL NORTH IOWANS NUGHiORS MASON CITY IOWA SATURDAY MAY 29 PAPER cgggg NQ m YANKSUSHLECHORN ITALIAN PORT PLANE BATTLES CONTINUE OVER RUSSIAN FRONT Reds Still Silent on German Reports of Major Soviet Offensive MOSCOW Large forces of Russian aiid German planes are continuing their aerial fencing with an increasing intensity north east of Novorossisk and lankled infantry forces have clashed in sharp fighting Russian dispatches said Saturday but they still did not mention the red army offen sive which Berlin has been re porting for the last two days The correspondent of Red Star red army organ said it was the Germans who were attacking in local battles from the Germans Kuban river bridgehead in the Caucasus Bed Star said 197 Ger man planes had been shot doun in three days in the heavy air battles there The Saturday German com munique as broadcast by the news agency DNB and recorded by the Associated Press reported strong new attacks by the Russians in the sector of the Kuban bridgehead The attacks failed and the Rus sians suffered heavy looses it added The Russian dispatches said that the Germans had suffered cosider able losses and that booty and prisoners had been taken The Berlin radio in describing what appears to be the first major assault of the longexpected sum mer campaign has put Russian battering at the German held Caucasus bridgehead at 150 800 strongly supported by tanks and planes It said the Russian as sault began Thursday and thnt after initial penetrations of Ger man lines the attackers were driven back with heavy losses The Russian press prominently mentioned the renewed air bat tles which it said suddenly spurted on May 25 and increased in tempo duringthe tivo days following The midday communique as broadcast from Moscow and rec orded by the Soviet Monitor in London indicated that the Kuban battle may be only the first of a number of major offensives about 10 Possible Routes to Berlin t Details mumm OF for Invasion IUU ur march to Berlin may follow one or preferably more of 10 roads none of them easy Some of the enormous difficul ties to be expected were outlined Saturday by Col Conrad H Lanza retired army officer and one of the countrys most noted military students in an article for the au thoritative field artillery journal The routes he discusses are these 1 Norway 2 Denmark and north Germany 3 north west Germany and the Dutch coast east of Texel 4 the low countries south of Texel 5 north France and Brittany 6 west France south of the Loire 7 south France 8 west side of Italy with Sicily Sardinia and Corsica 3 the Adriatic and south Italy and 10 the Aegean sea area His estimate of the force needed varies from a i ampin tively limited number for the seizure of southern Norway to millions of men for a cam paign through northern and central France And an invasion of the continent will be really effective he suggests only as the result of landings in great force at several points It seems clear Lanza writes that in view of the enemys strength an invasion involving but a few division is not promising Best chance of success appears to oe in employing very large forces at as many different areas as possible and as nearly simul taneously as practicable It will be a great and difficult task In the cautious fashion of mili tary men whose plans must en vision every risk Lanza bases his estimates apparently on thc as sumption of all possible advan tages to the enemy all possible disadvantage lo the allies The matters which are subjects of wide discussion by observers here he does not mention per haps because bothare imponder cumulative effect of aerial bombardment on axis pro duction and transport and the suggestion made in several in formed but perhaps wishfully thmkiiig quarters recently that axis resistance may collapsenot suddenly The latter opinion voiced openly not long ago by Field Marshal Jan Christian Smuls of South Africa appears to be based on a srowinff belief that German military leaders are so completely committed to offense by training and experience hat they do not understand and can not Mage a successful war of ex haustion and are likely lo risk everything in a final great of fensive probably against Rus sia Lanza estimates that 220 axis di visions about 150 of them Germrn are engaged on the Russian front In western Europe and in reserve are about 100 German divisions he says and the axis satellite have about 100 more divisions ii various European areas To accomplish one of the majo objectives of an makin it impossible for Germany to re place troops exhausted in Russia Lanza figures the invading force must engage at least 100 division in battle commenting that tin magnitude of thc invasion task i apparent Speculating on what might hap pen if Turkey joined the allies Lanza points out that Istuubu would be a superb base for in vasion of the Balkans and passage of the Dardanelles also wouir make possible landings on the Bui gnrian and Rumanian coasts pos sibly uith the assistanceof Rus to begin Both Russian and German forces have been scouting the im portant Smolensk section of the western front Germanheld rail link and there has been sharp ar tillery and guerrilla action there lied airmen also have been stab bing at supply and communication lines behind the Leningrad front where there has also been ground and artillery action The Lisi chansfc area of the Donets front and the area west of Rostov were scenes of Russian up penetrations Frontline dispatches also dis closed that the Germans are heavy Hambarg139 seaplanes on the Russian front presumably for the first time Thc multiengined bombers sow Russian shores at night with contact mines delayed action bombs and antipersonnel spring bombs called frogs which explode into flying splinters Pre sumably they were being used on Russianheld shores of the Black sea and the sea of Azov ALLIES POUND FRENCH TARGETS Large Formations of Planes Make Attacks LONDON forma tions ot heavy U S bombers at tacked targets in western France Saturday afternoon after Brit ish bombers pounded air fields in northern France the United States army air force announced Saturday night Thc British bombers and some of the Americans were escorted bv fighters The announcement did not specify targets although late in the afternoon waves of fourcn gmed bombers presumed to be flying fortresses were reported crossing the south coast of Eng land headed toward thc German submarine lairs of St Nnzairc and Lonent on the French coast Hours before a jreat force ol he forts returned from raids on the continent flying fommues nigh and unescorted over the rolkeslonc area WORLD GOOP EXCHANGE URGED International Agency Proposed at Parley HOT SPRINGS Va move to link the farmers of the world by means of an internation al organization of producer mar keting cooperatives was ad vanced Saturday by delegates of more than 30 countries attending the united nations food conference Advocates of the cooperative system of business enterprises owned and operated by the people they at n special meeting to nsk the parley lo formally recommend in its final resolutions that an international agency be set up lo help farmers organize Such an agency would be con nected with the international agri cultural authority which has been proposed at the conference as the mechanism for increasing world production distribution and con sumption of agricultural products Murray D Lincoln of the Unit ed States delegation and chairman of the special meeting predicted the time would come when co operatives in my country will trade directly with cooperatives m your country to make more goods available to more people with less profits Lincoln is president of the CoOperative League of America Lincoln said he wanted it un derstood that Im still for private enterprise because we who be lieve in cooperating want com pelition but we dont want mo nopolies The cooperutive movement Sierc is young compared with some tuner countries particularly Scan dmavia Lincoln declared but we in the United States are be ginning to join in this great move ment to bring economic democ racy to the Ray Reed Waterloo Quits as Republican State Committeeman DES MOINES Demo cratic Slate Chairman Jake More announced Saturdajthat Rny Seed of Waterloo has filed his res ignation as third district represen tative on thc state central commit tee The committee is scheduled to meet here Saturday afternoon However More said a successor to Reed probably would not be se lected before the meeting The committee will elect a new first district committeewoman to succeed Mrs Ray Baxter of Bur lington who has become actin postmaster of that city succeeding her husband who is on a food dis tribution administration assign ment in Africa 20 Tombstones in Omaha Cemetery Are Knocked Over OMAHA case of van dalism at Holy Sepulchcr cemcterj was reported Saturday almost on the eve of Memorial day Vandals knocked over approxi mately 20 tombstones smashin some of them apparently with sledge or heavy piece of limber I cant understand why any one should enjoy such senseless destruction1 sakl Msgr Nicholas Wegner chancellor of the Catholic diocese of Omaha All t can think is that n must be a defect in om education that children are laugh no respect for the rights or prop erty of others WILL DEDICATE ADDITION DES MOINES 520000 addition to theIowa Jewish home for the aged will be dedicated Sunday afternoon Estelle Taylor Is Wed to Business Manager HOLLYWOOD flJR Estelle Taylor former Actress wife of 4U1111CI V lie Ol Jack Dempsey was embarked Sat urday pn her third marriage this one with her business manager Paul Small Miss Taylor and Small a New York slage pro ducer were married laic Friday on the spur of the moment The ceremony originally had been scheduled for Sunday but the couple decided to be married Fri day at the City hail tn raisins production of cheese wool and meat j Blast Japs in Foxholes on Attu Peaks By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS American troops were reported blasting out lastditch Japanese remnants hidden inmountain fox holes above the fogline in Ihe 19 day old battle of Attu island Sat urday and Washington sources de clared the final splitting up pro cess was under way Navy reports indicated that the most intensive American attacks were developing along two snow Yanks Scale 60 Degree Ridges in Face of Jap Fire WASHINGTON Ot United States troops have captured Fishhook ridge important Jap anese stronghold on Attu island Ihe navy reported Saturday and the main enemy force on the island is noucontained in a mountainous area of only three to four square miles The conquest of Fishhook ndfe flanking the main remain ing Japaneseheld area was de scribed by officers here as con tributing to the security Or American lines streichinc north ward alonir the base of the north eastern peninsula on Alia into the Chichasof harbor area A navy communique said that Hie Japanese positions on Fish hook ridge were entrenched above Ihe cloud line and Amer ican soldiers had lo scale HO degree ridges in thc face of stronj enemy fire to reach them bound ridges between hikes in thc northeast corner of the island where the Japanese have been driven back asainsl the sen around Chichagof harbor U S patrols also jabbed at en emy defenses on a third ridge ex eastward from Chichagof tendin valley DROP 15 TONS OF BOMBS ON lAPS IN NEW GUINEA In the southern zone of thc Pa cific war theater Gen Douglas MacArthurs headquarters an nounced that U S flying for tresses and liberators dropped 19 tons of bombs on three Japanese airdromes in the vicinity of wak Nc Guinea Flying through severe storms the raiders left many fires ragin and all returned safely to base Eight Japanese bombers es corted by six zeros dropped 50 bombs on the allied air base at Milhnsimbi on Australias north coast 300 miles cast of Darwin but 1 communique said thc attack caused little damage and no cas ualties Spitfires met the Japanese raid ers at 15000 feet and shot down three bombers for certain and damaged others Two allied planes were lost KAF STARTS LARGE FIRES IN MAXDALAY On thc Burma front RAF bomb ers flying from India set big fires ni n heavy assault on Mandalay Kipling s storied temple city whose fireblackened ruins arc now oc cupied by the Japanese and raked enemy airfields river transport and troops in widespread attacks land fighting was reported Sergeant From Renwick Finds Wolves in Foxhole RENWICK Sgt Ben g en Ihompson now in Tunisia found the nearest foxhole already oc cupied when he sought shelter during n recent bombing raid The occupants were Uvo youn wolves Sergeant Thompson wrote us parents that he later caught nd penned the wolves which were about three or four months old and kept them for amusement during his spare time MOVES TO AID HOME FRONTS EFFORT URGED Congress Proposes Additional Ways to Put End to Confusion W A SHIN GTON pepped up by President Roose velts order placing James F Byrnes in command of the home front members of congress hast ened Saturday to propose addi tional moves to cut through the Confusion many of them saic has marked thc domestic war effort Ranging widely in variety am subjected lo immediate contro versy these suggestions included 1 1assage of compulsory man power control legislation to vita lize this aspect of the farreach ing program outlined for the new office of war mobilization headed by Byrnes 2 Creation by congress of a separate civilian supply agencj having equal claim with the arm and navy on resources and mate rials and its representation 01 Byrnes mobilization committee Reorganization and consolida tion of civilian war agencies with a 25 per cent reduction in un necessary personnel and the elimination of duplicating efforts Operation of thc mobilization includes Secre tary of War Stimson Secretary of the Navy Knox Chairman Harrj Hopkins of the munitions assign ment board Chairman Donald Nelson of the war production board and Judge Fred M Vinson who succeeds Byrnes as stabiliza tion an actual wai cabinet to resolve disputes with out public controversy Indicating his intention to grapple with some of these prob lems Byrnes told a press confer ence Friday he would have full responsibility over thc home front with only lo Mr Roosevelts formulaic policy as vcll as to direct operations will direct he said pro grams entailing thc maximum use of natural and industrial re sources for military and civilian needs thc effective utilization of national manpower outside the armed forces and thc stabiliza tion and adjustment of thc civil ian economy to wartime de mands As I see it Byrnes said this should save the president from many burdens His time must necessarily be devoted to the conduct of the war and conferences with hc staffs con cerned with the military pro Eram This order provides a lacc where nil the various stivcrnmeiil orKinizatioiis and agencies can Eo lo settle thincs around thc conference table Thc scope of Byrnes power to make policies was indicated when he said in response to queries as to his prices specific authority food production over pro curemcnt transportation distri bution and labor disputes If its in thc government its m thc war mobilization picture This centralization ot authority was hailed in congress by such men as Chairman Tniman D Mo ot the senate war investi gating committee Republican Leader McNary of Oregon Chair man Murray D Mont of the senate small business committee and others SET NEW CAR QUOTA DES MOINES CHtcs for purchase of G52 new passenger cars may be issued during June in thc 64 counties m thc DCS Moiues OPA district Thc May quota was 647 cars J Worked Out LONDON UP The London s n i d Saturday that every detail has been worked out for an allied invasion ot Europe British warships already have taken up strategicpositions and the opening of a second front is imminent The dispatch followed axis reports that the allies have con centrated invasion barges in lumsian harbors within strik es distance of Sicily Sardinia Fanlelleria and southern Italy and that a bis allied convoy in tluduis larsre troopship en tered the Mediterranean Wednesday v Premier Benito Mussolini met secretly recently with his fascist paity chieftains and mapped plans o defend Sicily and Sardinia to n eoi lle Daily aicl Other sources reported Ihc talinns were strengthening for ications increasing aminir batteries and improving air dromes on She two island out posts already under heavy daily bombardment by allied planes seeking to soften their defenses ihe AeivsChroiiielo described ine impending invasion and the maintenance o an allied army on Luropean soil is greatest naval operation in history The navy is ready the dis patch said Great 15inch battleships gun attendant air craft carriers cruisers destroyers and minesweepers already are at strategic points watching enemy fleets m the Mediterranean off the Norwegian coast and in the Baltic Every detail of the Rijaiitic operation or operations his been worked thc conversion of bis lines to troop carriers down to the supply of messes for Ihe tiniest tuR Nev er before has the navy been in a stroneer position lo do the task assigned it The spirit of the creivs never has been high er The striking power ot the allied air forces which will spearhead any invasion was reported by the British radio to have been ac knowledged by Roisehmarshal Herman Goerings Essener Na tional Zcitung The newspaper was quoted as saying hat the al lied airmen were So clearly powerful now that not only can they protect North Africa and the passage through thc Mediter ranean but they can prepare at tacks against the fortress of Ihe An NBC correspondent in Lon don said the best cjualiticd mili ary observers in the British capi tal believe that the air onslaughts igainst Italy and Germany liave one so far that they would be a nous air umbrella said Some radio commentator i jroadcasl recorded in one MASONS PLAN CONVENTION DES MOINES Iowa Masonic grand lodge will hold Is one hundredth annual meeting ierc June 8 and 10 Grand Master F L Van Iloescn an lounced Saturday Each of 555 chartered lodges in he slate is scheduled lo send three repre sentatives uNitary wnsle unlc4 followed up antl by a largescale allied invasion lle tcY P hat BIG US PLANES REGISTER HITS 80 Tons of Bombs Also Smash Foggia Another Fascist Port ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN NORTH AFRICA 100 flying fortresses striking the most distant objectives yet assigned in the attack of Italy from north Africa bombed Leghorn Friday and left i smoky trail of devasta tion in he oil refineries docks and shipyards of that large port IBB miles north ot Rome At the same time Cairo dis patches said some two score American liberators smashed at Fogfiia and dropped 80 tons of bombs on that air base 80 miles east of Naples if Dispatches from London said large units of Italys fleet which has seldom ventured lo sea since the start of lite way may have been at as Li vorno to the the flying fortresses visited the har bor This was the first time that Leghorn had been Two waves of liberators at tacked Foggia near thc Adriatic side ot thc Italian peninsula and a United States communique from Cairo said direct hits were made on several hangars numerous fires started and at least 13 enemy bombers were destroyed or dam aged British and American medium bombers ind bombcarrying fight ers also carried the air war across the Mediterranean with unabated fury to objectives in Sicily Sar dinia and the stronghold pE Pan telleria thc nearest axisheld ter ritory Leghorn is the seat of the great Ansaldo shipbuilding yard Many of Italys submarines were built there and it is an important sub marine base Gen DwiKhl Eisenhowers communique said the shipyard was plastered with 1mmbs and Krcat damage dune Two large explosions were seen in the re finery area and they were fol lowed by fires rfhich scut up such thick clouds of smnke that further observation proved im iwssiblc Three supply ships received hits however and other large fires were started in the railroad yards and oil storage tanks Every fortress got home from the attack meeting only light fighter opposition and shooting enemy intends to invade S In Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Showers and thunderstorms Saturday after noon Saturday night and Sun day morning continued warm Saturday afternoon not so warm Saturday night Sunday forenoon fresh to strong winds and scattered Sciitlrtcd and thunderstorms west and north portions Saturday afternoon and entire state Saturday night and east portion Sunday forenoon moderate lo fresh winds cooler west and extreme north por tions Saturday night and entire stale Sunday forenoon 1INNESOTA Showers and scat tered thunderstorms cost and south portion Saturday afternoon and east portion Saturday nislit and extreme southeast portion Sunday forenoon Cooler Satur day nicht and cast and south portions Sunday forenoon MASON CITY rlobcGazettc weather statistics Maximum Friday Minimum Friday night At 3 a m Saturday At 2 p m Salurduy EAR AGO Maximum Minimum 87 70 86 83 71 cort The curious English form of the mime of the from British sailors vho fre quented itsvheu it was a Ihriving commercial port some two ccn Uiries ago It is the home town Count Galeazzo Ciano former Italian former minister and Premier Mussolinis soninlaw Iantellcria an island of vol canic origin which was a place of banishment under the Roman Empire and which Mussolini converted into a fortress de signed to match iMalla was first raided by American warhawks and later in the day by A29 at tack bombers escorted by spit fires The island has been under dailv attack for the past week Besides Caslclvctrano airfields at Sciacca Milo and Borizzo in Sicily were attacked by the American two engined bombers and fighters And in these sweeps 18 of the 21 ene my planes shot down in combat Friday and and preceding hight were accounted for In the operations the allies lost but txvo planes Fritz Kreisler Vera Zorina Now Citizens NEW YORK Vtr tuoso Fritz Kreisler who was born in Vienna and Ballerina Vera Zor ina a native of Kristiansund Nor way have become American citi zens They were among a large group who received naturalization papers Friday from U S District Judge John C Knox WITHOUT DENTIST LANSING town ot 1300 will be without a dentist sioned as a lieutenant reports for army duty June 2